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MST1 inhibitor

Xisong Wang, Qing Song
Background: Post-infarction cardiac injury is closely associated with cardiac remodeling and heart dysfunction. Mammalian STE20-like kinase 1 (Mst1), a regulator of cellular apoptosis, is involved in cardiac remodeling in post-infarction heart, but the mechanisms remain poorly defined. We aimed to explore the role of Mst1 in regulating chronic post-infarction cardiac injury, with a focus on mitochondrial homoeostasis. Methods: Wild-type (WT) and Mst1-knockout mice were as the cardiac myocardial infarction model...
2018: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
Jason J Gokey, Anusha Sridharan, Yan Xu, Jenna Green, Gianni Carraro, Barry R Stripp, Anne-Karina T Perl, Jeffrey A Whitsett
Hippo/YAP signaling plays pleiotropic roles in the regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation during organogenesis and tissue repair. Herein we demonstrate increased YAP activity in respiratory epithelial cells in lungs of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a common, lethal form of interstitial lung disease (ILD). Immunofluorescence staining in IPF epithelial cells demonstrated increased nuclear YAP and loss of MST1/2. Bioinformatic analyses of epithelial cell RNA profiles predicted increased activity of YAP and increased canonical mTOR/PI3K/AKT signaling in IPF...
March 22, 2018: JCI Insight
Han-Byul Kim, Seung-Jae Myung
The Hippo pathway plays prominent and widespread roles in various forms of human carcinogenesis. Specifically, the Yes-associated protein (YAP), a downstream effector of the Hippo pathway, can lead to excessive cell proliferation and the inhibition of apoptosis, resulting in tumorigenesis. It was reported that the YAP is strongly elevated in multiple types of human malignancies such as breast, lung, small intestine, colon, and liver cancers. Recent work indicates that, surprisingly, Hippo signaling components' (SAV1, MST1/2, Lats1/2) mutations are virtually absent in human cancer, rendering this signaling an unlikely candidate to explain the vigorous activation of the YAP in most, if not all human tumors and an activated YAP promotes the resistance to RAF-, MAPK/ERK Kinase (MEK)-, and Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted inhibitor therapy...
March 2018: BMB Reports
Eva De Smedt, Ken Maes, Stefaan Verhulst, Hui Liu, Alboukadel Kassambara, Anke Maes, Nicolas Robert, Carlo Heirman, Andrew Cakana, Dirk Hose, Karine Breckpot, Leo A van Grunsven, Kim De Veirman, Eline Menu, Karin Vanderkerken, Jerome Moreaux, Elke De Bruyne
RAS mutations occur frequently in multiple myeloma (MM), but apart from driving progression they can also stimulate antitumor effects by activating tumor suppressive RASSF proteins. While this family of death effector molecules are often silenced in cancers, functional data about RASSF proteins in MM are lacking. Here we report that RASSF4 is downregulated during MM progression and correlates with a poor prognosis. Promoter methylation analysis in human cell lines revealed an inverse correlation between RASSF4 mRNA levels and methylation status...
December 19, 2017: Cancer Research
Xiao-Yan Lin, Feng-Feng Cai, Ming-Hong Wang, Xin Pan, Fang Wang, Lu Cai, Rong-Rong Cui, Su Chen, Ewelina Biskup
Mammalian sterile 20-like kinase 1 (Mst1) is a major inhibitor of cell proliferation, and is involved in apoptosis, oncogenesis and organ growth via its ubiquitously encoded serine threonine kinase. Previous studies have demonstrated that Mst1 has a tumor suppressor function in human breast cancer. Mst1 deletion or mutation is associated with tumorigenesis, whereas Mst1 overexpression leads to tumor cell apoptosis and decreases proliferation of tumor cells. Our previous study reported the tumor suppressive function of Mst1, and debated Mst1 as a prognostic factor in human breast cancer...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
Qi Li, Feng Qi, Xiangchao Meng, Chenpei Zhu, Yingtang Gao
The Hippo-Mst1 pathway is associated with tumor development and progression. However, little evidence is available for its role in colorectal cancer (CRC) stress response via mitochondrial homeostasis. In this study, we conducted gain-of function assay about Mst1 in CRC via adenovirus transfection. Then, cellular viability and apoptosis were measured via MTT, TUNEL assay, and typan blue staining. Mitochondrial function was detected via JC1 staining, mPTP opening assay, and immunofluorescence of cyt-c. Mitophagy was observed via western blots and immunofluorescence...
October 24, 2017: Cell Biology and Toxicology
Zhifei Guo, Guangyuan Li, Erbao Bian, Chun-Chun Ma, Jinghai Wan, Bing Zhao
Human gliomas are related to high rates of morbidity and mortality. TGF-β promotes the growth of glioma cells, and correlate with the degree of malignancy of human gliomas. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in the malignant function of TGF-β are not fully elucidated. Here, we showed that TGF-β induced the downregulation of MST1 expression in U87 and U251 glioma cells. Treatment of glioma cells with the DNA methylation inhibitor 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-AzadC) prevented the loss of MST1 expression...
October 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Jacob A Galan, Joseph Avruch
The MST1 and MST2 protein kinases comprise the GCK-II subfamily of protein kinases. In addition to their amino-terminal kinase catalytic domain, related to that of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae protein kinase Ste20, their most characteristic feature is the presence near the carboxy terminus of a unique helical structure called a SARAH domain; this segment allows MST1/MST2 to homodimerize and to heterodimerize with the other polypeptides that contain SARAH domains, the noncatalytic polypeptides RASSF1-6 and Sav1/WW45...
October 4, 2016: Biochemistry
Fuqin Fan, Zhixiang He, Lu-Lu Kong, Qinghua Chen, Quan Yuan, Shihao Zhang, Jinjin Ye, Hao Liu, Xiufeng Sun, Jing Geng, Lunzhi Yuan, Lixin Hong, Chen Xiao, Weiji Zhang, Xihuan Sun, Yunzhan Li, Ping Wang, Lihong Huang, Xinrui Wu, Zhiliang Ji, Qiao Wu, Ning-Shao Xia, Nathanael S Gray, Lanfen Chen, Cai-Hong Yun, Xianming Deng, Dawang Zhou
Tissue repair and regenerative medicine address the important medical needs to replace damaged tissue with functional tissue. Most regenerative medicine strategies have focused on delivering biomaterials and cells, yet there is the untapped potential for drug-induced regeneration with good specificity and safety profiles. The Hippo pathway is a key regulator of organ size and regeneration by inhibiting cell proliferation and promoting apoptosis. Kinases MST1 and MST2 (MST1/2), the mammalian Hippo orthologs, are central components of this pathway and are, therefore, strong target candidates for pharmacologically induced tissue regeneration...
August 17, 2016: Science Translational Medicine
Amin Ardestani, Kathrin Maedler
The loss of insulin-producing beta cells by apoptosis is a hallmark of all forms of diabetes mellitus. Strategies to prevent beta cell apoptosis and dysfunction are urgently needed to restore the insulin-producing cells and to prevent severe diabetes progression. We recently identified the serine/threonine kinase known as mammalian sterile 20-like kinase 1 (MST1) as a critical regulator of apoptotic beta cell death and dysfunction. MST1 activates several apoptotic signalling pathways, which further stimulate its own cleavage, leading to a vicious cycle of cell death...
September 2016: Diabetologia
L Li, R Fang, B Liu, H Shi, Y Wang, W Zhang, X Zhang, L Ye
Reduction or loss of tumor-suppressor mammalian STE20-like kinase 1 (MST1) in Hippo pathway contributes to the tumorigenesis. However, the mechanism leading to reduction of MST1 in cancers remains poorly understood. In this study, we explored the hypothesis that the oncoprotein hepatitis B X-interacting protein (HBXIP) is involved in the reduction of MST1 in breast cancer. Immunohistochemical analysis of tissue microarrays revealed that the expression of HBXIP was negatively associated with that of MST1 in 98 clinical breast tissue samples...
August 4, 2016: Oncogene
Jiang Li, Xingrong Du, Hao Shi, Kejing Deng, Hongbo Chi, Wufan Tao
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) play crucial roles in maintaining immune tolerance. The transcription factor Foxp3 is a critical regulator of Treg development and function, and its expression is regulated at both transcriptional and post-translational levels. Acetylation by lysine acetyl transferases/lysine deacetylases is one of the main post-translational modifications of Foxp3, which regulate Foxp3's stability and transcriptional activity. However, the mechanism(s) by which the activities of these lysine acetyl transferases/lysine deacetylases are regulated to preserve proper Foxp3 acetylation during Treg development and maintenance of Treg function remains to be determined...
December 25, 2015: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Jennifer Law, Mohamed Salla, Alaa Zare, Yoke Wong, Le Luong, Natalia Volodko, Orysya Svystun, Kayla Flood, Jonathan Lim, Miranda Sung, Jason R B Dyck, Chong Teik Tan, Yu-Chin Su, Victor C Yu, John Mackey, Shairaz Baksh
Modulator of apoptosis 1 (MOAP-1) is a BH3-like protein that plays key roles in cell death or apoptosis. It is an integral partner to the tumor suppressor protein, Ras association domain family 1A (RASSF1A), and functions to activate the Bcl-2 family pro-apoptotic protein Bax. Although RASSF1A is now considered a bona fide tumor suppressor protein, the role of MOAP-1 as a tumor suppressor protein has yet to be determined. In this study, we present several lines of evidence from cancer databases, immunoblotting of cancer cells, proliferation, and xenograft assays as well as DNA microarray analysis to demonstrate the role of MOAP-1 as a tumor suppressor protein...
October 2, 2015: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Silvia Pegoraro, Gloria Ros, Yari Ciani, Riccardo Sgarra, Silvano Piazza, Guidalberto Manfioletti
High Mobility Group A1 (HMGA1) is an architectural chromatin factor that promotes neoplastic transformation and progression. However, the mechanism by which HMGA1 exerts its oncogenic function is not fully understood. Here, we show that cyclin E2 (CCNE2) acts downstream of HMGA1 to regulate the motility and invasiveness of basal-like breast cancer cells by promoting the nuclear localization and activity of YAP, the downstream mediator of the Hippo pathway. Mechanistically, the activity of MST1/2 and LATS1/2, the core kinases of the Hippo pathway, are required for the HMGA1- and CCNE2-mediated regulation of YAP localization...
August 7, 2015: Oncotarget
Stephen J Fuller, Sally A Osborne, Sam J Leonard, Michelle A Hardyman, George Vaniotis, Bruce G Allen, Peter H Sugden, Angela Clerk
AIMS: Protein kinases are potential therapeutic targets for heart failure, but most studies of cardiac protein kinases derive from other systems, an approach that fails to account for specific kinases expressed in the heart and the contractile cardiomyocytes. We aimed to define the cardiomyocyte kinome (i.e. the protein kinases expressed in cardiomyocytes) and identify kinases with altered expression in human failing hearts. METHODS AND RESULTS: Expression profiling (Affymetrix microarrays) detected >400 protein kinase mRNAs in rat neonatal ventricular myocytes (NVMs) and/or adult ventricular myocytes (AVMs), 32 and 93 of which were significantly up-regulated or down-regulated (greater than two-fold), respectively, in AVMs...
October 1, 2015: Cardiovascular Research
Konstantin V Salojin, Brian D Hamman, Wei Chun Chang, Kanchan G Jhaver, Amin Al-Shami, Jeannette Crisostomo, Carrie Wilkins, Ann Marie Digeorge-Foushee, Jason Allen, Nita Patel, Suma Gopinathan, Julia Zhou, Amr Nouraldeen, Theodore C Jessop, Jeffrey T Bagdanoff, David J Augeri, Robert Read, Peter Vogel, Jonathan Swaffield, Alan Wilson, Kenneth A Platt, Kenneth G Carson, Alan Main, Brian P Zambrowicz, Tamas Oravecz
Mammalian sterile 20-like kinase 1 (Mst1) is a MAPK kinase kinase kinase which is involved in a wide range of cellular responses, including apoptosis, lymphocyte adhesion and trafficking. The contribution of Mst1 to Ag-specific immune responses and autoimmunity has not been well defined. In this study, we provide evidence for the essential role of Mst1 in T cell differentiation and autoimmunity, using both genetic and pharmacologic approaches. Absence of Mst1 in mice reduced T cell proliferation and IL-2 production in vitro, blocked cell cycle progression, and elevated activation-induced cell death in Th1 cells...
2014: PloS One
Shao-Hua Chen, Dong-Liang Li, Fang Yang, Zhe Wu, Yong-Yang Zhao, Yi Jiang
The pancreatic adenocarcinoma remains the most aggressive human malignancy with an extremely low 5-year overall survival. Postoperative gemcitabine could significantly delay recurrence after complete resection of pancreatic cancer. However, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. The chemo-resistance factors against gemcitabine still need further characterizations. Here we studied the mechanism of gemcitabine-induced pancreatic cancer cell death by focusing on mammalian sterile 20-like kinase 1 (MST1) and cyclophilin D (Cyp-D)...
August 2014: Biochimie
Jonathan Chiang, Julian A Martinez-Agosto
The MST/Salvador-Warts-Hippo and mTOR/Akt/PI3K growth signaling pathways have been established as important modulators of cell growth, proliferation and cell survival in controlling organ size in Drosophila and mammals. Here, we sought to determine the role of the MST family of kinases, some of which are components of the Hippo pathway, and their closely related Sterile 20-like kinases (STK) as candidates for mediating cross-talk between the Hippo and mTOR pathways. Expression analysis in the HepG2 and MCF7 cell lines demonstrated common expression of MST1/2/4, MAP4K3/4/5, STK 24 (MST3), STK25, STK39, Pak1, SLK, Stradα/β and TAO2...
October 19, 2012: Cells
Gamze Kuser-Abali, Ahmet Alptekin, Bekir Cinar
Hippo-like MST1 protein kinase regulates cell growth, organ size, and carcinogenesis. Reduction or loss of MST1 expression is implicated in poor cancer prognosis. However, the mechanism leading to MST1 silencing remains elusive. Here, we report that both MYC and EZH2 function as potent suppressors of MST1 expression in human prostate cancer cells. We demonstrated that concurrent overexpression of MYC and EZH2 correlated with the reduction or loss of MST1 expression, as shown by RT-qPCR and immunoblotting. Methylation sensitive PCR and bisulfite genomic DNA sequencing showed that DNA methylation caused MST1 silencing...
April 2014: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
Sook-Jeong Lee, Bo-Ra Seo, Eui-Ju Choi, Jae-Young Koh
The protein kinase Mst1 (mammalian Sterile 20-like kinase 1) likely plays a role in oxidative neuronal cell death as a target of its activator, cAbl. We previously found that H2O2-induced death of astrocytes is mediated by cAbl in a metallothionein-3 (Mt3)-dependent manner. In the present study, we examined a possible role for Mst1 in the oxidative death of astrocytes. Treatment of cortical astrocytes with 170 µM H2O2 activated Mst1. Knockdown of Mst1 reduced H2O2-induced cell death, indicating that Mst1 activation contributes to astrocytic cell death...
April 2014: Glia
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