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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224872/-lessons-learned-from-the-evacuation-of-the-vu-university-medical-centre-after-flooding
#1
T H Biesheuvel, C Brouwers, F W Bloemers
On 8 September 2015, flooding of the lower floors of the VU University Medical Center in Amsterdam caused serious damage to many vital technical services, such as water and power supplies. The decision was made to completely evacuate the university hospital. This paper describes the chronology and events of that day and shares a number of important lessons that were learned, in order to help readers to optimise crisis organisation in their own institutions. A serious situation or disaster can never be standardised in protocols or manuals; flexibility, improvisation and confidence in one another's expertise and commitment are therefore essential...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222847/relying-on-the-national-mobile-disaster-hospital-as-a-business-continuity-strategy-in-the-aftermath-of-a-tornado-the-louisville-experience
#2
Randy D Kearns, Lew Stringer, James Craig, Regina Godette-Crawford, Paul S Black, David L Andra, James Winslow
On 28th April, 2014, a tornado left much of Louisville, MS and the local hospital, Winston Medical Center, in ruin. In the USA, temporary hospital solutions have been used to augment the mainstream healthcare system since the American Civil War. As memories fade, however, the necessary readiness for a temporary hospital also fades, at times leaving a patchwork of resources either underfunded or abandoned. With the creation of the Hospital Preparedness Program, several temporary hospital solutions were created in various states across the USA...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221958/using-a-six-sigma-fishbone-analysis-approach-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-extreme-weather-events-on-salmonella-positives-in-young-chicken-slaughter-establishments
#3
John W Linville, Douglas Schumann, Christopher Aston, Stephanie Defibaugh-Chavez, Scott Seebohm, Lucy Touhey
A six sigma fishbone analysis approach was used to develop a machine learning model in SAS, Version 9.4, by using stepwise linear regression. The model evaluated the effect of a wide variety of variables, including slaughter establishment operational measures, normal (30-year average) weather, and extreme weather events on the rate of Salmonella -positive carcasses in young chicken slaughter establishments. Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) verification carcass sampling data, as well as corresponding data from the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration and the Federal Emergency Management Agency, from September 2011 through April 2015, were included in the model...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031077/deployment-of-medical-relief-teams-of-the-indian-army-in-the-aftermath-of-the-nepal-earthquake-lessons-learned
#4
Ashutosh Chauhan, Bhushan Kumar Chopra
In April 2015 a 7.8-magnitude earthquake hit Nepal. As part of relief operations named Operation Maitri, the Indian Armed Forces deployed 3 field hospitals in the disaster zone. Rapid deployment of mobile surgical teams to far-flung, inaccessible areas was done by helicopters. In an operational deployment spanning 1 month, a total of 7532 patients were treated and 105 surgeries were carried out on 83 patients. One-fifth of the patients were less than 18 years of age. One-third of the patients had traumatic injuries directly attributable to the earthquake, whereas the remaining patients were treated for diseases of poor sanitation and hygiene as well as chronic illness that had been neglected owing to the collapse of the local health infrastructure...
December 29, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703965/occupational-practitioner-s-role-in-the-management-of-a-crisis-lessons-learned-from-the-paris-november-2015-terrorist-attack
#5
Alexis Descatha, Alice Huynh Tuong, Pierre Coninx, Michel Baer, Thomas Loeb, Thomas Despréaux
In massive catastrophic events, occupational health practitioners are more and more frequently involved in the management of such situations. We aim to describe the multiple aspects of the role that occupational health practitioners might play, by focusing on the recent example of the Paris terrorist attack of November 2015. During and after the Paris attack, occupational practitioners, in collaboration with emergency and security professionals, were involved in psychological care, assembling information, follow-up, return-to-work, and improving in-company safety plans...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661797/the-department-of-defense-at-the-forefront-of-a-global-health-emergency-response-lessons-learned-from-the-ebola-outbreak
#6
Glendon Diehl, Nicole Bradstreet, Felicia Monahan
Tasked with analyzing the effectiveness of the Department of Defense's (DoD's) global health engagements, the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU) used the Measures Of Effectiveness in Defense Engagement and Learning (MODEL) study to conduct a qualitative analysis of the DoD's response efforts to the Ebola pandemic in West Africa. The research aims to summarize the findings of studies that monitor and evaluate the DoD's response to the Ebola pandemic or compare the effectiveness of different DoD response activities; it further aims to identify common themes around positive and negative lessons learned and recommendations that can be applied to future DoD humanitarian assistance and disaster response efforts...
September 2016: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641930/an-observational-study-using-english-syndromic-surveillance-data-collected-during-the-2012-london-olympics-what-did-syndromic-surveillance-show-and-what-can-we-learn-for-future-mass-gathering-events
#7
Dan Todkill, Helen E Hughes, Alex J Elliot, Roger A Morbey, Obaghe Edeghere, Sally Harcourt, Tom Hughes, Tina Endericks, Brian McCloskey, Mike Catchpole, Sue Ibbotson, Gillian Smith
: Introduction In preparation for the London 2012 Olympic Games, existing syndromic surveillance systems operating in England were expanded to include daily general practitioner (GP) out-of-hours (OOH) contacts and emergency department (ED) attendances at sentinel sites (the GP OOH and ED syndromic surveillance systems: GPOOHS and EDSSS). Hypothesis/Problem The further development of syndromic surveillance systems in time for the London 2012 Olympic Games provided a unique opportunity to investigate the impact of a large mass-gathering event on public health and health services as monitored in near real-time by syndromic surveillance of GP OOH contacts and ED attendances...
December 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351366/volunteer-service-and-service-learning-opportunities-partnerships-and-united-nations-millennium-development-goals
#8
Safiya George Dalmida, Roxanne Amerson, Jennifer Foster, Leila McWhinney-Dehaney, Mabel Magowe, Patrice K Nicholas, Karen Pehrson, Jeanne Leffers
PURPOSE: This article explores approaches to service involvement and provides direction to nurse leaders and others who wish to begin or further develop global (local and international) service or service learning projects. APPROACH: We review types of service involvement, analyze service-related data from a recent survey of nearly 500 chapters of the Honor Society of Nursing, Sigma Theta Tau International (STTI), make recommendations to guide collaborative partnerships and to model engagement in global and local service and service learning...
September 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27081889/longitudinal-community-assessment-for-public-health-emergency-response-to-wildfire-bastrop-county-texas
#9
Katie R Kirsch, Bonnie A Feldt, David F Zane, Tracy Haywood, Russell W Jones, Jennifer A Horney
On September 4, 2011, a wildfire ignited in Bastrop County, Texas, resulting in losses of 34,068 acres of land and 1,645 homes and 2 deaths. At the request of the Texas Department of State Health Services Health Service Region 7 and the Bastrop County Office of Emergency Management, Community Assessments for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) were conducted in the weeks following the wildfire and again 3.5 years later to assess both the immediate and long-term public health and preparedness impacts of the wildfire...
March 2016: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871264/radiology-in-the-christchurch-earthquake-of-22-february-2011-challenges-interim-processes-and-clinical-priorities
#10
Jude Gregan, Adrian Balasingam, Anthony Butler
INTRODUCTION: The Canterbury earthquake of 22 February 2011 initiated a mass casualty event for Christchurch Hospital, which suffered damage itself, and faced logistical difficulties in continued operation. Radiology was part of the hospital-wide response. This paper reviews the radiology department response and surveys opinions of emergency doctors to provide an overview of events of the day and thoughts regarding any potential future response. METHODS: Two main approaches were undertaken: (i) informal data gathering and discussions with staff including radiographers, sonographers, radiologists, emergency doctors and others present on the day regarding their experiences; and (ii) survey of emergency doctors regarding their experiences and recommendations...
April 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26870621/health-literacy-training-for-public-health-nurses-in-fukushima-a-multi-site-program-evaluation
#11
Aya Goto, Alden Yuanhong Lai, Rima E Rudd
Public health nurses (PHNs) are community residents' access points to health information and services in Japan. After the Fukushima nuclear accident, they were challenged to communicate radiation-related health information to best meet community needs. We previously developed and evaluated the outcome of a single-site health literacy training program to augment PHNs' ability to improve community residents' access to written health information. This paper presents an evaluation of an identical training program using data combined from multiple sites, and further included proximal and distal evaluations to document the impact of health literacy training in a post-disaster setting...
September 2015: Japan Medical Association Journal: JMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26829865/-consequences-learned-from-the-use-of-chemical-weapons-during-the-first-world-war-for-the-modern-military-medicine
#12
A N Belskikh, V A Basharin, S V Chepur, Yu Sh Khalimov, N F Markizova
The article describes the way medical service dealed with problems resulted from the use of chemical weapons during the First World War (1914-1918). It was revealed that many of the abovementioned problems remain unsolved up to the present moment. It is stated the existence of the threat of use of chemical weapons in modem military conflicts, which expands the area of responsibility for medical chemical protection. The authors proved necessity and algorithm of the training system, considered as a part of medical protection in case of adverse factors of chemical nature...
August 2015: Voenno-medit︠s︡inskiĭ Zhurnal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26829831/team-echo-observations-and-lessons-learned-in-the-recovery-phase-of-the-2004-asian-tsunami
#13
Franklin H G Bridgewater, Edward T Aspinall, Joy P M Booth, Roger A Capps, Hugh J M Grantham, Andrew P Pearce, Brett K Ritchie
The 26 December 2004 Tsunami resulted in a death toll of >270,000 persons, making it the most lethal tsunami in recorded history. This article presents performance data observations and the lessons learned by a civilian team dispatched by the Australian government to "provide clinical and surgical functions and to make public health assessments". The team, prepared and equipped for deployment four days after the event, arrived at its destination 13 days after the Tsunami. Aspiration pneumonia, tetanus, and extensive soft tissue wounds of the lower extremities were the prominent injuries encountered...
February 2006: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26750818/planning-for-partnerships-maximizing-surge-capacity-resources-through-service-learning
#14
REVIEW
Lavonne M Adams, Paula K Reams, Sharon B Canclini
Infectious disease outbreaks and natural or human-caused disasters can strain the community's surge capacity through sudden demand on healthcare activities. Collaborative partnerships between communities and schools of nursing have the potential to maximize resource availability to meet community needs following a disaster. This article explores how communities can work with schools of nursing to enhance surge capacity through systems thinking, integrated planning, and cooperative efforts.
November 2015: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26738718/extreme-expedition-and-wilderness-medicine
#15
REVIEW
Christopher H E Imray, Michael P W Grocott, Mark H Wilson, Amy Hughes, Paul S Auerbach
Extreme, expedition, and wilderness medicine are modern and rapidly evolving specialties that address the spirit of adventure and exploration. The relevance of and interest in these specialties are changing rapidly to match the underlying activities, which include global exploration, adventure travel, and military deployments. Extreme, expedition, and wilderness medicine share themes of providing best available medical care in the outdoors, especially in austere or remote settings. Early clinical and logistics decision making can often have important effects on subsequent outcomes...
December 19, 2015: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26699122/medical-and-pharmacy-student-concerns-about-participating-on-international-service-learning-trips
#16
Chih Chuang, Siddique H Khatri, Manpal S Gill, Naveen Trehan, Silpa Masineni, Vineela Chikkam, Guillaume G Farah, Amber Khan, Diane L Levine
BACKGROUND: International Service Learning Trips (ISLT) provide health professional students the opportunity to provide healthcare, under the direction of trained faculty, to underserved populations in developing countries. Despite recent increases in international service learning trips, there is scant literature addressing concerns students have prior to attending such trips. This study focuses on identifying concerns before and after attending an ISLT and their impact on students. METHODS: A survey comprised of closed and open-ended questions was developed to elucidate student concerns prior to attending an ISLT and experiences which might influence concerns...
2015: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26667194/-development-of-a-crisis-management-manual-for-occupational-health-experts
#17
Juri Matsuoka, Seiichiro Tateishi, Yu Igarashi, Hiroshi Ide, Toshiaki Miyamoto, Tatsuhiko Hara, Masaki Kobashi, Megumi Inoue, Megumi Kawashima, Takeo Okada, Koji Mori
When crises such as natural disasters or industrial accidents occur in workplaces, not only the workers who are injured, but also those who engage in emergency or recovery work may be exposed to various health hazards. We developed a manual to enable occupational health (OH) experts to prevent health hazards. The manual includes detailed explanations of the characteristics and necessary actions for each need in the list of "OH Needs During Crisis Management" developed after an analysis of eight cases in our previous research...
December 1, 2015: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26598825/roles-of-national-and-local-governments-and-the-dietetic-association-in-nutrition-assistance-response-to-natural-disasters-systems-and-experiences-in-japan-and-the-usa
#18
Noriko Sudo
In the first half of this symposium, the disaster response system in Japan will be introduced. The ultimate aim of nutrition assistance is to keep people in disaster areas healthy. This is a task for the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare and the health departments of prefectural governments. Our first speaker, Dr. Yasuhiro Kanatani, National Institute of Public Health, will briefly overview the disaster response system in Japan and its related laws. He will also mention how the Ministry responded to the Great East Japan Earthquake...
2015: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26545187/gulf-coast-resilience-coalition-an-evolved-collaborative-built-on-shared-disaster-experiences-response-and-future-preparedness
#19
Tonya Cross Hansel, Howard J Osofsky, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Anthony Speier, Tim Rehner, Joy D Osofsky, Glenn Rohrer
OBJECTIVE: For close to a decade, the Gulf Coast of the United States has been in almost constant disaster recovery mode, and a number of lessons have been learned concerning disaster recovery and behavioral health. The purpose of this report was to describe the natural development of a Gulf Coast Resilience Coalition (GCRC). METHODS: The GCRC methods began with state-specific recovery goals following Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and transitioned to a shared multistate and multidiscipline coalition...
December 2015: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26481218/improved-and-sustained-triage-skills-in-firemen-after-a-short-training-intervention
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Abraham Nilsson, Kristian Åslund, Maria Lampi, Helene Nilsson, Carl-Oscar Jonson
BACKGROUND: A previous study has shown no measurable improvement in triage accuracy among physicians attending the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) course and suggests a curriculum revision regarding triage. Other studies have indicated that cooperative learning helps students acquire knowledge. OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of trauma cards in triage training for firemen. METHODS: Eighty-six firemen were randomly assigned into two groups: the trauma card group and the direct instruction group...
2015: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
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