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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#1
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731496/aeromedical-transport-operations-using-helicopters-during-the-2016-kumamoto-earthquake-in-japan
#2
Tomokazu Motomura, Atsushi Hirabayashi, Hisashi Matsumoto, Nobutaka Yamauchi, Mitsunobu Nakamura, Hiroshi Machida, Kenji Fujizuka, Naomi Otsuka, Tomoko Satoh, Hideaki Anan, Hisayoshi Kondo, Yuichi Koido
More than 6,000 people died in the Great Hanshin (Kobe) Earthquake in 1995, and it was later reported that there were around 500 preventable trauma deaths. In response, the Japanese government developed the helicopter emergency medical service in 2001, known in Japan as the "Doctor-Heli" (DH), which had 46 DHs and 2 private medical helicopters as of April 2016. DHs transport physicians and nurses to provide pre-hospital medical care at the scene of medical emergencies. Following lessons learned in the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011, a research group in the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare developed a command and control system for the DH fleet as well as the Disaster Relief Aircraft Management System Network (D-NET), which uses a satellite communications network to monitor the location of the fleet and weather in real-time during disasters...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716669/the-health-sector-response-to-the-2015-earthquake-in-nepal
#3
Shiva Subedi, Guna Nidhi Sharma, Sagar Dahal, Megha Raj Banjara, Basu Dev Pandey
ABSTRACTIn April 2015, Nepal experienced an earthquake of a magnitude of 7.6 on the Richter scale that resulted in deaths, morbidities, and infrastructure damage. In the post-earthquake period, 4 different workshops and a national "Lessons Learnt" conference were organized to assess the adequacy of the preparedness and response of the health sector. This article summarizes the main conclusions of these discussions relating to leadership, timely search and rescue, referral operations, medical relief to response activities, awareness campaigns, and support from the national and international levels, and epidemiological surveillance...
May 2, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601478/did-harvey-learn-from-katrina-initial-observations-of-the-response-to-companion-animals-during-hurricane-harvey
#4
Steve Glassey
The aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in 2005 became the genesis of animal emergency management and created significant reforms in the US particularly the passage of the Pets Emergency and Transportation Standards Act in 2006 that required state and local emergency management arrangements to be pet- and service animal-inclusive. More than a decade later Hurricane Harvey struck the Gulf states with all 68 directly related deaths occurring in the state of Texas. In this study, six key officials involved in the response underwent a semi-structured interview to investigate the impact of the PETS Act on preparedness and response...
March 30, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525977/personal-transformation-process-of-mental-health-relief-workers-in-sichuan-earthquake
#5
Zhengjia Ren, Meng Gao, Mark Yang, Wei Qu
After Sichuan earthquake, a few dedicated teams of psychological volunteers have been committed to helping the survivors of the disaster for a long period. Their personal transformation experiences were absent in the literatures. The purpose of this qualitative research was to adopt a qualitative research to examine individuals' lived experiences of personal transformation after long-term disaster mental health services. The study interviewed 10 psychological counselors, 3 psychiatric nurses, 4 psychiatrist, and 6 social workers...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489888/measuring-and-modelling-the-quality-of-40-post-disaster-mental-health-and-psychosocial-support-programmes
#6
Michel L A Dückers, Sigridur B Thormar, Barbara Juen, Dean Ajdukovic, Lindy Newlove-Eriksson, Miranda Olff
Disasters can have an enormous impact on the health and well-being of those affected. Internationally, governments and service providers are often challenged to address complex psychosocial problems. Ideally, the potentially broad range of support activities include a coherent, high-quality mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) programme. We present a theory-driven quantitative analysis of the quality of 40 MHPSS programmes, mostly implemented in European disaster settings. The objective is to measure quality domains recognized as relevant in the literature and to empirically test associations...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397806/something-in-the-water-hospital-responds-to-water-crisis
#7
Roberta Redfern, Jennifer Micham, Rebecca Daniels, Sue Childers
Early on August 2, 2014, in the city of Toledo, Ohio, a media alert informed the public that traces of microcystin, a hazardous toxin, had been detected in the drinking water. The warning stated that residents should not drink, boil, or even touch the contaminated water. A water crisis of this magnitude was recognized to pose a potentially serious and significant impact on patient care and safety in health care environments. ProMedica Toledo Hospital's Emergency Operation Plan addressed 3 critical issues: safe water availability, alternate cleaning solutions, and preparations for a prolonged crisis...
February 5, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310451/lessons-learned-from-hurricane-maria-pharmacists-perspective
#8
Kyle Melin, Wanda T Maldonado, Angel López-Candales
The destruction in Puerto Rico following Hurricane Maria brought an increased demand for health care services while severely limiting the health care system's ability to provide patient care. Immediately following the hurricane, countless patients found themselves in a situation without their medications for both acute and chronic conditions. Many of these patients turned first to community pharmacies for access to their medications. In this letter, we describe the response of pharmacists to the needs of their communities following the natural disaster, Hurricane Maria, and summarize some lessons learned from the experience that may be useful in future disaster planning...
May 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198239/medical-response-to-the-tianjin-explosions-lessons-learned
#9
Jin-Jun Zhang, Tian-Bing Wang, Da Fan, Jun Zhang, Bao-Guo Jiang
BACKGROUND: On August 12, 2015, a hazardous chemical explosion occurred in the Tianjin Port of China. The explosions resulted in 165 deaths, 8 missing people, injuries to thousands of people. We present the responses of emergency medical services and hospitals to the explosions and summarize the lessons that can be learned. METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of the responses of emergency medical services and hospitals to the Tianjin explosions. Data on injuries, outcomes, and patient flow were obtained from the government and the hospitals...
December 4, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961655/engagement-strategies-to-advance-community-centered-primary-care
#10
Lisanne Brown, Jamie Clesi Giepert, Amanda Barrie Black, Heather Farb
The Louisiana Public Health Institute designed and implemented the Primary Care Capacity Project (PCCP) with the purpose of expanding access to high-quality, integrated, and sustainable community-based primary care, including linkages to behavioral health services, as well as environmental and occupational health services. With a primary focus to invest in community health centers across 17 Gulf Coast counties and parishes, PCCP engaged stakeholders, including 4 primary care organizations, over 20 federally qualified health centers, public health institutes, health information exchanges, national experts, academic organizations, and health departments along with their relevant community partners...
November 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950110/predicting-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-a-natural-disaster
#11
Anthony J Rosellini, Francisca Dussaillant, José R Zubizarreta, Ronald C Kessler, Sherri Rose
Earthquakes are a common and deadly natural disaster, with roughly one-quarter of survivors subsequently developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Despite progress identifying risk factors, limited research has examined how to combine variables into an optimized post-earthquake PTSD prediction tool that could be used to triage survivors to mental health services. The current study developed a post-earthquake PTSD risk score using machine learning methods designed to optimize prediction. The data were from a two-wave survey of Chileans exposed to the 8...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760171/utility-of-ambulance-data-for-real-time-syndromic-surveillance-a-pilot-in-the-west-midlands-region-united-kingdom
#12
Dan Todkill, Paul Loveridge, Alex J Elliot, Roger A Morbey, Obaghe Edeghere, Tracy Rayment-Bishop, Chris Rayment-Bishop, John E Thornes, Gillian Smith
Introduction The Public Health England (PHE; United Kingdom) Real-Time Syndromic Surveillance Team (ReSST) currently operates four national syndromic surveillance systems, including an emergency department system. A system based on ambulance data might provide an additional measure of the "severe" end of the clinical disease spectrum. This report describes the findings and lessons learned from the development and preliminary assessment of a pilot syndromic surveillance system using ambulance data from the West Midlands (WM) region in England...
December 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760164/acute-chemical-incidents-with-injured-first-responders-2002-2012
#13
Natalia Melnikova, Jennifer Wu, Alice Yang, Maureen Orr
Introduction First responders, including firefighters, police officers, emergency medical services, and company emergency response team members, have dangerous jobs that can bring them in contact with hazardous chemicals among other dangers. Limited information is available on responder injuries that occur during hazardous chemical incidents. METHODS: We analyzed 2002-2012 data on acute chemical incidents with injured responders from 2 Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry chemical incident surveillance programs...
August 1, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599360/lessons-learned-from-khartoum-flash-flood-impacts-an-integrated-assessment
#14
Mohamad Ibrahim Mahmood, Nadir Ahmed Elagib, Finlay Horn, Suhair A G Saad
This study aims at enabling the compilation of key lessons for decision makers and urban planners in rapidly urbanizing cities regarding the identification of representative, chief causal natural and human factors for the increased level of flash flood risk. To achieve this, the impacts of flash flood events of 2013 and 2014 in the capital of Sudan, Khartoum, were assessed using seven integrated approaches, i.e. rainfall data analysis, document analysis of affected people and houses, observational fieldwork in the worst flood affected areas, people's perception of causes and mitigation measures through household interviews, reported drinking water quality, reported water-related diseases and social risk assessment...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359388/the-2015-nepal-earthquake-disaster-lessons-learned-one-year-on
#15
M L Hall, A C K Lee, C Cartwright, S Marahatta, J Karki, P Simkhada
INTRODUCTION: The 2015 earthquake in Nepal killed over 8000 people, injured more than 21,000 and displaced a further 2 million. One year later, a national workshop was organized with various Nepali stakeholders involved in the response to the earthquake. The workshop provided participants an opportunity to reflect on their experiences and sought to learn lessons from the disaster. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-five participants took part and most had been directly involved in the earthquake response...
April 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334465/nurses-contribution-to-short-term-humanitarian-care-in-low-to-middle-income-countries-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Sonja Dawson, Doug Elliott, Debra Jackson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To appraise the literature related to voluntary humanitarian work provided by international nurses in low- to middle-income countries. BACKGROUND: Nurses and other health professionals are engaged with both governmental and nongovernmental organisations to provide care within international humanitarian relief and development contexts. Current literature describes accounts of charitable health professional activity within short-term health-focused humanitarian trips; however, there is minimal research describing the care that nurses provide and the professional roles and tasks they fulfil whilst participating in international volunteer healthcare service...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282015/relying-on-the-national-mobile-disaster-hospital-as-a-business-continuity-strategy-in-the-aftermath-of-a-tornado-the-louisville-experience
#17
Randy D Kearns, Lew Stringer, James Craig, Regina Godette-Crawford, Paul S Black, David L Andra, James Winslow
On 28th April, 2014, a tornado left much of Louisville, MS and the local hospital, Winston Medical Center, in ruin. In the USA, temporary hospital solutions have been used to augment the mainstream healthcare system since the American Civil War. As memories fade, however, the necessary readiness for a temporary hospital also fades, at times leaving a patchwork of resources either underfunded or abandoned. With the creation of the Hospital Preparedness Program, several temporary hospital solutions were created in various states across the USA...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263269/education-for-developing-and-sustaining-a-health-care-workforce-for-disaster-readiness
#18
Joanne C Langan, Roberta Lavin, Kelly A Wolgast, Tener Goodwin Veenema
The United States needs a national health care and public health workforce with the knowledge, skills, and abilities to respond to any disaster or public health emergency in a timely and appropriate manner. This requires that all of our nation's nurses and health care providers have unrestrained access to high-quality, evidence-based, competency-driven education and training programs. Programs of study for disaster readiness in both the academic and service sectors are limited in number. Those that do exist may be based upon consensus rather than competency and be price prohibitive...
April 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224872/-lessons-learned-from-the-evacuation-of-the-vu-university-medical-centre-after-flooding
#19
T H Biesheuvel, C Brouwers, F W Bloemers
On 8 September 2015, flooding of the lower floors of the VU University Medical Center in Amsterdam caused serious damage to many vital technical services, such as water and power supplies. The decision was made to completely evacuate the university hospital. This paper describes the chronology and events of that day and shares a number of important lessons that were learned, in order to help readers to optimise crisis organisation in their own institutions. A serious situation or disaster can never be standardised in protocols or manuals; flexibility, improvisation and confidence in one another's expertise and commitment are therefore essential...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222847/relying-on-the-national-mobile-disaster-hospital-as-a-business-continuity-strategy-in-the-aftermath-of-a-tornado-the-louisville-experience
#20
Randy D Kearns, Lew Stringer, James Craig, Regina Godette-Crawford, Paul S Black, David L Andra, James Winslow
On 28th April, 2014, a tornado left much of Louisville, MS and the local hospital, Winston Medical Center, in ruin. In the USA, temporary hospital solutions have been used to augment the mainstream healthcare system since the American Civil War. As memories fade, however, the necessary readiness for a temporary hospital also fades, at times leaving a patchwork of resources either underfunded or abandoned. With the creation of the Hospital Preparedness Program, several temporary hospital solutions were created in various states across the USA...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
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