keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Macadamia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880986/nutrients-amino-acid-fatty-acid-and-non-starch-polysaccharide-profile-and-in-vitro-digestibility-of-macadamia-nut-cake-in-swine
#1
Utsav P Tiwari, Rajesh Jha
The highly variable cost and limited availability of conventional feedstuffs make it imperative to explore alternative feedstuffs to be used in swine. Macadamia nut cake (MNC), a coproduct of the macadamia nut oil industry, has not been well studied. MNC was analyzed for its nutrient profile, gross energy (GE), fibers, amino acids and fatty acids content. Dry matter (DM) and GE digestibility of MNC in swine was determined using an in vitro model. On a DM basis, ash, crude protein, ether extract, NDF, ADF, lignin and GE were found to be 3...
November 23, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855648/genome-and-transcriptome-sequencing-characterises-the-gene-space-of-macadamia-integrifolia-proteaceae
#2
Catherine J Nock, Abdul Baten, Bronwyn J Barkla, Agnelo Furtado, Robert J Henry, Graham J King
BACKGROUND: The large Gondwanan plant family Proteaceae is an early-diverging eudicot lineage renowned for its morphological, taxonomic and ecological diversity. Macadamia is the most economically important Proteaceae crop and represents an ancient rainforest-restricted lineage. The family is a focus for studies of adaptive radiation due to remarkable species diversification in Mediterranean-climate biodiversity hotspots, and numerous evolutionary transitions between biomes. Despite a long history of research, comparative analyses in the Proteaceae and macadamia breeding programs are restricted by a paucity of genetic information...
November 17, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811682/cryptophlebia-walsingham-1900-thaumatotibia-zacher-1915-and-archiphlebia-komai-horak-2006-in-australia-lepidoptera-tortricidae-olethreutinae-grapholitini
#3
Marianne Horak, Furumi Komai
The Australian species of the grapholitine genera Cryptophlebia Walsingham, 1900, Thaumatotibia Zacher, 1915 and Archiphlebia Komai & Horak, 2006, are revised, described and illustrated. A key to species is provided. Five named species of Cryptophlebia, C. ombrodelta (Lower), C. iridosoma (Meyrick), C. rhynchias (Meyrick) and C. pallifimbriana Bradley, are redescribed and three new species, C. wraggae, sp. nov., C. stigmata, sp. nov., and C. caulicola, sp. nov., are described. Cryptophlebia amblyopa Clarke, described from Micronesia, is synonymised with C...
October 31, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695754/comparison-of-the-physical-and-chemical-properties-of-laboratory-and-field-aged-biochars
#4
Santanu Bakshi, Deborah M Aller, David A Laird, Rajesh Chintala
The long-term impact of biochar on soil properties and agronomic outcomes is influenced by changes in the physical and chemical properties of biochars that occur with time (aging) in soil environments. Fresh biochars, however, are often used in studies because aged biochars are generally unavailable. Therefore, a need exists to develop a method for rapid aging of biochars in the laboratory. The objectives of this study were to compare the physicochemical properties of fresh, laboratory-aged (LA), and field-aged (FA) (≥3 yr) biochars and to assess the appropriateness of a laboratory aging procedure that combines acidification, oxidation, and incubations as a mimic to field aging in neutral or acidic soil environments...
September 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566863/association-of-tree-nut-and-coconut-sensitizations
#5
Brooke I Polk, Deendayal Dinakarpandian, Maya Nanda, Charles Barnes, Chitra Dinakar
BACKGROUND: Coconut (Cocos nucifera), despite being a drupe, was added to the US Food and Drug Administration list of tree nuts in 2006, causing potential confusion regarding the prevalence of coconut allergy among tree nut allergic patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether sensitization to tree nuts is associated with increased odds of coconut sensitization. METHODS: A single-center retrospective analysis of serum specific IgE levels to coconut, tree nuts (almond, Brazil nut, cashew, chestnut, hazelnut, macadamia, pecan, pistachio, and walnut), and controls (milk and peanut) was performed using deidentified data from January 2000 to August 2012...
October 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433857/biomimetic-cellular-metals-using-hierarchical-structuring-for-energy-absorption
#6
A Bührig-Polaczek, C Fleck, T Speck, P Schüler, S F Fischer, M Caliaro, M Thielen
Fruit walls as well as nut and seed shells typically perform a multitude of functions. One of the biologically most important functions consists in the direct or indirect protection of the seeds from mechanical damage or other negative environmental influences. This qualifies such biological structures as role models for the development of new materials and components that protect commodities and/or persons from damage caused for example by impacts due to rough handling or crashes. We were able to show how the mechanical properties of metal foam based components can be improved by altering their structure on various hierarchical levels inspired by features and principles important for the impact and/or puncture resistance of the biological role models, rather than by tuning the properties of the bulk material...
2016: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387814/effect-of-cppu-on-carbohydrate-and-endogenous-hormone-levels-in-young-macadamia-fruit
#7
Hui Zeng, Weihai Yang, Chaozhong Lu, Wenqiu Lin, Minghong Zou, Hanzhou Zhang, Jifeng Wan, Xuming Huang
N-(2-Chloro-4-pyridyl)-N'-phenylurea (CPPU) is a highly active cytokinin-like plant growth regulator that promotes chlorophyll biosynthesis, cell division, and cell expansion. It also increases fruit set and accelerates fruit enlargement. However, there has been no report about the effect of CPPU on fruit development and its physiological mechanism in macadamia. In this study, we investigated the effect of CPPU treatment at early fruit development via foliar spray or raceme soaking at 20 mg·L-1 on fruit set and related physiology in macadamia...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27228399/quality-evaluation-of-shelled-and-unshelled-macadamia-nuts-by-means-of-near-infrared-spectroscopy-nir
#8
Giovanna Canneddu, Luis Carlos Cunha Júnior, Gustavo Henrique de Almeida Teixeira
The quality of shelled and unshelled macadamia nuts was assessed by means of Fourier transformed near-infrared (FT-NIR) spectroscopy. Shelled macadamia nuts were sorted as sound nuts; nuts infected by Ecdytolopha aurantiana and Leucopteara coffeella; and cracked nuts caused by germination. Unshelled nuts were sorted as intact nuts (<10% half nuts, 2014); half nuts (March, 2013; November, 2013); and crushed nuts (2014). Peroxide value (PV) and acidity index (AI) were determined according to AOAC. PCA-LDA shelled macadamia nuts classification resulted in 93...
July 2016: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107748/the-potential-of-replacing-soyabean-oil-cake-with-macadamia-oil-cake-in-broiler-diets
#9
Owoahene Acheampong-Boateng, Archibold G Bakare, Khanyisile R Mbatha
A study was conducted to evaluate the potential of macadamia oil cake (MOC) as a replacement of soyabean oil cake (SOC) in Ross broiler diets. The 600 1-day-old male broiler chicks were randomly blocked into 30 equal-weight groups of 20 chicks. For each growth phase, basal and summit diets were blended in various proportions (100 % SOC and 0 % MOC, 75 % SOC and 25 % MOC, 50 % SOC and 50 % MOC, 25 % SOC and 75 % MOC, and 0 % SOC and 100 % MOC) to form five treatments. The diet with 100 % MOC had the least feed intake, final body weight and weight gain compared to other diets (P < 0...
August 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27047944/household-food-items-toxic-to-dogs-and-cats
#10
REVIEW
Cristina Cortinovis, Francesca Caloni
Several foods that are perfectly suitable for human consumption can be toxic to dogs and cats. Food-associated poisoning cases involving the accidental ingestion of chocolate and chocolate-based products, Allium spp. (onion, garlic, leek, and chives), macadamia nuts, Vitis vinifera fruits (grapes, raisins, sultanas, and currants), products sweetened with xylitol, alcoholic beverages, and unbaked bread dough have been reported worldwide in the last decade. The poisoning episodes are generally due to lack of public knowledge of the serious health threat to dogs and cats that can be posed by these products...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006225/bioavailability-assessment-of-essential-and-toxic-metals-in-edible-nuts-and-seeds
#11
Jorge Moreda-Piñeiro, Paloma Herbello-Hermelo, Raquel Domínguez-González, Pilar Bermejo-Barrera, Antonio Moreda-Piñeiro
Bioavailability of essential and toxic metals in edible nuts and seeds has been assessed by using an in vitro dialyzability approach. The samples studied included walnuts, Brazil nuts, Macadamia nuts, pecans, hazelnuts, chestnuts, cashews, peanuts, pistachios and seeds (almond, pine, pumpkin and sunflower). Metals were measured by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry in dialyzates and also in samples after a microwave assisted acid digestion pre-treatment. Low dialyzability percentages were found for Al, Fe and Hg; moderate percentages were found for Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cu, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo, P, Pb, Se, Sr, Tl and Zn; and high dialyzability ratios were found for As, Cr and Ni...
August 15, 2016: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26930484/using-next-generation-sequencing-to-contrast-the-diet-and-explore-pest-reduction-services-of-sympatric-bird-species-in-macadamia-orchards-in-australia
#12
Eduardo Crisol-Martínez, Laura T Moreno-Moyano, Kevin R Wormington, Philip H Brown, Dragana Stanley
Worldwide, avian communities inhabiting agro-ecosystems are threatened as a consequence of agricultural intensification. Unravelling their ecological role is essential to focus conservation efforts. Dietary analysis can elucidate bird-insect interactions and expose avian pest-reduction services, thus supporting avian conservation. In this study, we used next-generation sequencing to analyse the dietary arthropod contents of 11 sympatric bird species foraging in macadamia orchards in eastern Australia. Across all species and based on arthropod DNA sequence similarities ≥98% with records in the Barcode of Life Database, 257 operational taxonomy units were assigned to 8 orders, 40 families, 90 genera and 89 species...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26848387/urban-gardens-promote-bee-foraging-over-natural-habitats-and-plantations
#13
Benjamin F Kaluza, Helen Wallace, Tim A Heard, Alexandra-Maria Klein, Sara D Leonhardt
Increasing human land use for agriculture and housing leads to the loss of natural habitat and to widespread declines in wild bees. Bee foraging dynamics and fitness depend on the availability of resources in the surrounding landscape, but how precisely landscape related resource differences affect bee foraging patterns remains unclear. To investigate how landscape and its interaction with season and weather drive foraging and resource intake in social bees, we experimentally compared foraging activity, the allocation of foragers to different resources (pollen, nectar, and resin) and overall resource intake in the Australian stingless bee Tetragonula carbonaria (Apidae, Meliponini)...
March 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26783954/optimization-of-aqueous-extraction-conditions-for-recovery-of-phenolic-content-and-antioxidant-properties-from-macadamia-macadamia-tetraphylla-skin-waste
#14
Adriana Dailey, Quan V Vuong
The macadamia is native to Australia and is now grown commercially around the world. Macadamia skin, known as waste, has been generated abundantly, but this ample source has had limited uses as a byproduct. The aim of this study was to develop optimal aqueous extraction conditions for the recovery of phenolic compounds and antioxidant properties from macadamia skin using Response Surface Methodology (RSM). Water was selected for optimizing the extraction conditions because it is a cheap, safe, and environmentally friendly solvent...
2015: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26724406/phylogenomic-and-structural-analyses-of-18-complete-plastomes-across-nearly-all-families-of-early-diverging-eudicots-including-an-angiosperm-wide-analysis-of-ir-gene-content-evolution
#15
Yanxia Sun, Michael J Moore, Shoujun Zhang, Pamela S Soltis, Douglas E Soltis, Tingting Zhao, Aiping Meng, Xiaodong Li, Jianqiang Li, Hengchang Wang
The grade of early-diverging eudicots includes five major lineages: Ranunculales, Trochodendrales, Buxales, Proteales and Sabiaceae. To examine the evolution of plastome structure in early-diverging eudicots, we determined the complete plastome sequences of eight previously unsequenced early-diverging eudicot taxa, Pachysandra terminalis (Buxaceae), Meliosma aff. cuneifolia (Sabiaceae), Sabia yunnanensis (Sabiaceae), Epimedium sagittatum (Berberidaceae), Euptelea pleiosperma (Eupteleaceae), Akebia trifoliata (Lardizabalaceae), Stephania japonica (Menispermaceae) and Papaver somniferum (Papaveraceae), and compared them to previously published plastomes of the early-diverging eudicots Buxus, Tetracentron, Trochodendron, Nelumbo, Platanus, Nandina, Megaleranthis, Ranunculus, Mahonia and Macadamia...
March 2016: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26666454/type-i-diacylglycerol-acyltransferase-mtdgat1-from-macadamia-tetraphylla-cloning-characterization-and-impact-of-its-heterologous-expression-on-triacylglycerol-composition-in-yeast
#16
José María Arroyo-Caro, Aurora Mañas-Fernández, Diego López Alonso, Federico García-Maroto
Acyltransferase enzymes have been reported as useful biotechnological tools in order to increase oil yield and modify fatty acid composition. Macadamia species are able to accumulate unusually high levels of palmitoleic acid that besides oleic acid amounts to over 80% of monounsaturated fatty acids in the seed oil. In this work, a gene encoding a type 1 acyl-CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT1) was cloned from M. tetraphylla. DGAT activity of the protein encoded by MtDGAT1 was confirmed by heterologous expression in a yeast mutant...
January 13, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26648072/implications-of-palmitoleic-acid-palmitoleate-on-glucose-homeostasis-insulin-resistance-and-diabetes
#17
Everson Araújo Nunes, Alex Rafacho
Obesity is a metabolic disease caused by multifactorial components that include the genetics and epigenetics, but contemporary habits such as high energy food intake and sedentarism are determinant culprits for the development of this pandemic health problem. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with obesity considering most of T2DM patients are overweight and insulin resistant. Overt T2DM occurs when insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cell does not adequately compensate for the peripheral insulin resistance and commonly parallels with dysregulation of pancreatic α-cell function...
December 9, 2015: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26637442/transdermal-solid-delivery-of-epigallocatechin-3-gallate-using-self-double-emulsifying-drug-delivery-system-as-vehicle-formulation-evaluation-and-vesicle-skin-interaction
#18
Caibiao Hu, Chengyu Gu, Qiao Fang, Qiang Wang, Qiang Xia
The present study investigated a self-double-emulsifying drug delivery system loaded with epigallocatechin-3-gallate to improve epigallocatechin-3-gallate skin retention. The long chain solid lipids (cetostearyl alcohol) and macadamia oil were utilized as a carrier to deliver the bioactive ingredient. Response surface methodology was used to optimize the formulation, and the solid lipid to total lipid weight ratio, concentration of epigallocatechin-3-gallate and hydrophilic surfactant on skin retention were found to be the principal factors...
February 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26583036/comparative-study-of-the-modulation-of-fructose-sucrose-induced-hepatic-steatosis-by-mixed-lipid-formulations-varying-in-unsaturated-fatty-acid-content
#19
Rafat A Siddiqui, Zhidong Xu, Kevin A Harvey, Thomas M Pavlina, Michael J Becker, Gary P Zaloga
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease in developed countries. NAFLD encompasses a spectrum of diseases, ranging from hepatic steatosis to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), cirrhosis, and liver failure. The etiology of NAFLD remains unclear but is thought to relate to increased fatty acid flux within the liver that results in toxic fatty acid metabolite production. One source of increased fatty acid flux is fructose/sucrose-induced hepatic lipogenesis...
2015: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26561616/effects-of-tree-nuts-on-blood-lipids-apolipoproteins-and-blood-pressure-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-dose-response-of-61-controlled-intervention-trials
#20
REVIEW
Liana C Del Gobbo, Michael C Falk, Robin Feldman, Kara Lewis, Dariush Mozaffarian
BACKGROUND: The effects of nuts on major cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, including dose-responses and potential heterogeneity by nut type or phytosterol content, are not well established. OBJECTIVES: We examined the effects of tree nuts (walnuts, pistachios, macadamia nuts, pecans, cashews, almonds, hazelnuts, and Brazil nuts) on blood lipids [total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein, and triglycerides], lipoproteins [apolipoprotein A1, apolipoprotein B (ApoB), and apolipoprotein B100], blood pressure, and inflammation (C-reactive protein) in adults aged ≥18 y without prevalent CVD...
December 2015: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
keyword
keyword
101023
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"