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vaginal ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350275/value-of-transperineal-ultrasound-on-the-observation-of-paravaginal-support
#1
Chaoran Dou, Qin Li, Tao Ying, Wen Shui, Yulin Yan, Yijia Luo, Xia Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of three-dimensional (3D) transperineal ultrasound on the observation of paravaginal support in nulliparous and postpartum women. METHODS: Volume datasets were acquired in 50 nulliparous and 100 postpartum women using 3D transperineal ultrasound. Paravaginal supports were observed by studying the vaginal cross-sectional morphology. The extent of paravaginal support in specific level were evaluated by counting out at a 2 mm interval in tomographic ultrasound imaging mode in all subjects...
January 19, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337448/-obstetrics
#2
Véronique Othenin-Girard, Noémie Bouchet, Riccardo E Pfister, Olivier Baud, Nicole Jastrow, Agnès Ditisheim, Nadia Berkane, Begoña Martinez De Tejada
During the past year, we have renewed interest in old well-known problems. New studies and guidelines have been issued about lung maturation in cases of preterm delivery after 37 weeks of gestation. Short term benefits have been proven but the number of cases needed to treat to prevent one case of respiratory complications is high and with possible neurological long-term effects. Also, several studies have shown the benefits of including the ultrasound measurement of the inferior segment of the uterus in order to attempt vaginal delivery after caesarean section with the lowest risk for uterine rupture, while others studies have shown the best procedure to close the uterus during cesarean section...
January 10, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334199/comparison-of-cabergoline-and-quinagolide-in-prevention-of-severe-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome-among-patients-undergoing-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection
#3
Robabeh Taheripanah, Mahshid Vasef, Marzieh Zamaniyan, Anahita Taheripanah
Background: The aim of the current study is to compare quinagolide with cabergoline in prevention of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) among high risk women undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial study was performed from March 2015 to February 2017. One hundred and twenty six women undergoing ICSI who were at high risk of developing OHSS (having over 20 follicles of >12 mm), were randomized into two groups...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332252/a-review-of-the-impact-of-pregnancy-and-childbirth-on-pelvic-floor-function-as-assessed-by-objective-measurement-techniques
#4
REVIEW
Hans Van Geelen, Donald Ostergard, Peter Sand
The objective of this narrative review is to study the impact of pregnancy and childbirth on pelvic floor function as assessed by objective measurement techniques with quantitative data carried out during pregnancy and after childbirth. A literature search in MEDLINE and relevant and up-to-date journals from 1960 until April 2017 was performed for articles dealing with the impact of pregnancy and childbirth on pelvic floor function as assessed by objective measurement methods. Only studies describing objective measurement techniques...
January 13, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325966/role-of-intraoperative-ultrasound-to-extend-the-application-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-for-treatment-of-recurrent-gynecological-cancer
#5
Floriana Mascilini, Lorena Quagliozzi, Francesca Moro, Maria Cristina Moruzzi, Valerio Gallotta, Salvatore Gueli Alletti, Giovanni Scambia, Antonia Carla Testa, Anna Fagotti
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe the potential role of intraoperative ultrasound (IOUS) in the detection and localization of recurrent disease in gynecological cancer patients during minimally invasive surgery (MIS). DESIGN: A prospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force II-1). SETTING: A University hospital. PATIENTS: From November 2015 to February 2017, 51 gynecological cancer patients with isolated recurrent disease and candidate for secondary cytoreductive surgery (SCS) were treated by MIS...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317258/uterine-adenosarcoma-with-sarcomatous-overgrowth-a-case-report-of-aggressive-disease-in-a-16-year-old-girl-and-a-literature-review
#6
Hanyuan Liu, Zhen Shen, Dabao Wu, Ying Zhou
INTRODUCTION: Uterine adenosarcoma with sarcomatous overgrowth (ASSO) is a rare and aggressive disease. A case of a 16-year old girl with uterine ASSO is reported herein. The patient received surgical resection and chemotherapy and remained alive without disease 11 months after the surgery. CASE REPORT: A 16-year-old girl was diagnosed with uterine ASSO, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO 2009) stage I c. She underwent total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy and chemotherapy...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313317/laparoscopic-excision-of-an-unusual-presentation-of-a-nabothian-cyst-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Joseph Nassif, Hasan Nahoul, Ali Mourad, Ryan Yammine, Sally Khoury, Ali Khalil
Nabothian cysts are mucinous retention cysts formed through the accumulation of cervical mucus inside blocked cervical crypts leading to non-neoplastic mucinous cystic lesion in relation to the uterine cervix. The formation of Nabothian cysts is a common gynecological benign condition in women of reproductive age. While the presence of small-sized Nabothian cysts is usually clinically asymptomatic and requires no treatment or intervention, the diagnosis of larger Nabothian cysts can be mistaken with malignant tumors, including mucin producing carcinomas such as Adenoma malignum...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298467/impact-of-preoperative-patient-characteristics-and-flow-rate-on-failure-early-complications-and-voiding-dysfunction-after-a-transobturator-tape-procedure-a-multicentre-study
#8
Andrea Cocci, Giovanni E Cacciamani, Giorgio Ivan Russo, Maria Angela Cerruto, Martina Milanesi, Luis G Medina, Sebastiano Cimino, Walter Artibani, Giuseppe Morgia, Marco Carini, Vincenzo Li Marzi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of preoperative patient characteristics and flow rate on failure, early postoperative complications, and voiding in patients who underwent transvaginal tension-free vaginal tape-obturator (TVT-O) treatment for uncomplicated stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent TVT-O for SUI at 3 Italian centres. The exclusion criteria were predominant voiding and storage symptoms suggestive of detrusor overactivity, the presence of grade >1 urogenital prolapse, previous pelvic radiotherapy or other clinical contraindications for surgical procedures, neurogenic bladder dysfunction, and collagen diseases...
December 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288921/outcome-of-magnetic-resonance-guided-focused-ultrasound-surgery-mrgfus-for-figo-class-1-fibroids
#9
Roy Mashiach, Yael Inbar, Jaron Rabinovici, Aya Mohr Sasson, Aviva Alagem-Mizrachi, Ronit Machtinger
OBJECTIVE: Intracavitary uterine fibroids and fibroids that distort the uterine cavity are associated with excessive vaginal bleeding and infertility. While intracavitary fibroids smaller than 4 cm are usually treated safely by operative hysteroscopy, larger fibroids may require multiple surgeries or more extensive surgery with possible damage to the integrity of the uterine wall. Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) is a noninvasive approach for treating uterine fibroids, mainly the intramural type...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284211/ovary-and-vaginal-epithelium-dynamic-during-the-estrous-cycle-on-dasyprocta-prymnolopha-wagler-1831-by-ultrasound-and-cytological-examination
#10
Artur N Carreiro, João A R Alves Diniz, Joyce G de Souza, Débora V Fernandes de Araújo, Rômulo F Francelino Dias, Liliane M Dos Santos Azerêdo, Ediane F Rocha, Ana Yasha F de La Salles, Carlos E Peña Alfaro, Maria A Martins de Carvalho, Maria J Illera, Danilo J Ayres de Menezes
The objective of the present study was to follow and characterize the morphological alterations in ovaries of agouti (Dasyprocta prymnolopha), reared in captivity, by abdominal ultrasonography. All the animals were submitted daily to vaginal cytology to identify the current cycle phases. For each phase, ultrasound examinations were carried out to identify and describe the morphology of both the ovaries regarding each phase of the estrus cycle, establishing topographic parameters in an ultrasound window to locate them...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278943/a-retrospective-study-of-ultrasound-guided-high-intensity-focussed-ultrasound-ablation-for-multiple-uterine-fibroids-in-south-africa
#11
Min He, Hayley Jacobson, Cai Zhang, Raymond Setzen, Lian Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the shrinkage rate, symptom relief and improvement of the quality of life following ultrasound-guided high intensity focussed ultrasound (USgHIFU) for multiple uterine fibroids. METHODS: From October 2015 to November 2016, 81 black women with multiple symptomatic fibroids underwent USgHIFU. The number of the fibroids ranged from 3 to 9. The shrinkage rate of fibroids, symptom severity score and quality of life were evaluated following USgHIFU...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260226/effect-of-cervical-pessary-on-spontaneous-preterm-birth-in-women-with-singleton-pregnancies-and-short-cervical-length-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gabriele Saccone, Giuseppe Maria Maruotti, Antonia Giudicepietro, Pasquale Martinelli
Importance: Spontaneous preterm birth is a major cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. It is unclear if a cervical pessary can reduce the risk of spontaneous preterm delivery. Objective: To test whether in asymptomatic women with singleton pregnancies and no prior spontaneous preterm birth but with short cervical length on transvaginal ultrasound, use of a cervical pessary would reduce the rate of spontaneous preterm birth at less than 34 weeks of gestation...
December 19, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245158/-intrapartum-translabial-ultrasound-a-systematic-analysis-of-the-fetal-head-station-in-the-first-stage-of-labor
#13
Fabian Kohls, Lars Brodowski, Elna Kuehnle, Nadine Kniebusch, Karim Djaffar Kalache, Alexander Weichert
Introduction This prospective study aimed to define the angle of progression (AOP) in relation to the height position of the fetal head during the first stage of labour. It was investigated if it is possible to predict the mode of delivery or the duration of labour by AOP. Methods Influencing factors on delivery were head circumference, birth-weight, administration of oxytocin, epidural anaesthesia (EA) and parity, and their impact on AOP was analysed. AOP was calculated using three different formulas. Inclusion criteria were vaginal delivery of singletons in cephalic, occipito-anterior presentation...
December 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232667/correlation-between-subpubic-arch-angle-and-mode-of-delivery-in-large-for-gestational-age-fetuses
#14
Tullio Ghi, Andrea Dall'Asta, Alice Suprani, Elisa Aiello, Andrea Musarò, Costanza Bosi, Giuseppe Pedrazzi, Ariane Kiener, Domenico Arduini, Tiziana Frusca, Giuseppe Rizzo
OBJECTIVES: A narrow subpubic arch angle (SPA) has been associated with a higher risk of operative delivery and prolonged labor. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between SPA and labor outcome in a cohort of women delivering a large-for-gestational-age (LGA) fetus. METHODS: An observational study involving two Italian tertiary centers (Parma and Rome) was carried out. Nulliparous women referred to the antepartum clinic between 35 and 39 weeks due to an increased risk of having an LGA fetus at birth were prospectively selected for the study purpose...
December 13, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205594/recovery-of-the-puborectalis-muscle-after-vaginal-delivery-an-ultrasound-study
#15
M K Van de Waarsenburg, E A Verberne, C H van der Vaart, M I J Withagen
OBJECTIVE: To describe changes in the levator hiatus after vaginal delivery compared to pregnancy state by measuring dimensions of the levator hiatus, to map the regeneration in order to contribute to secondary prevention in symptoms of pelvic floor disorders. METHODS: Twenty nulliparous women with a singleton pregnancy received ultrasound assessment of the pelvic floor at rest, contraction and on Valsalva maneuver at 12 weeks' gestation and at 1 day and 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12, 18 and 24 weeks after vaginal delivery...
December 5, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201517/long-term-outcome-of-laparoscopic-vesicouterine-fistula-repair-experience-from-a-tertiary-referral-centre
#16
Bimalesh Purkait, Seema Mehrotra, Rahul Janak Sinha, Ved Bhaskar, Vishwajeet Singh
Objective: Vesicouterine fistula (VUF) is an uncommon cause of female genito-urinary fistula. Most of these fistulas are due to lower segment uterine cesarean section (LSCS). Traditionally, open surgical repair has been the traditional treatment. However, laparoscopic repair of VUF is a minimally invasive technique and few case reports have been published with short term follow up. In the present study, we are presenting our long- term outcome of laparoscopic repair of VUF. Material and methods: A retrospective analysis of 8 patients with VUF was performed from 2010 to 2015...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197653/ectopic-pregnancy-6-years-after-subtotal-hysterectomy-a-case-report
#17
Octavia Sobczyk, Yaël Levy-Zauberman, Marie Houllier, Hervé Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Only 57 cases of ectopic pregnancy after hysterectomy have been published. CASE REPORT: A 34-year-old patient with a history of subtotal hysterectomy for postpartum hemorrhage consulted for acute abdominal pain. The diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy was made using blood pregnancy test and transvaginal ultrasound. Emergency laparoscopy was performed. CONCLUSION: Urine pregnancy test should be performed in case of unexplained haemoperitoneum in patient of childbearing age with a history of hysterectomy...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190877/measurement-of-retropubic-tissue-thickness-using-intrapartum-transperineal-ultrasound-to-assess-cephalopelvic-disproportion
#18
Chung Ming Chor, Wai Yin Winnie Chan, Wing Ting Ada Tse, Daljit Singh Sahota
Purpose: First, to describe a new method of assessing cephalopelvic disproportion by measuring the retropubic tissue thickness (RTT), and second, to determine whether RTT was associated with an eventual delivery by cesarean section. Methods: Three-dimensional transperineal ultrasound scans were performed on 129 laboring nulliparous women to obtain 3-dimensional volume datasets for assessing RTT. RTT was measured off-line by three operators (A, B, and C) as the shortest distance between the capsule of the pubic symphysis and the outer border of the fetal skull...
August 11, 2017: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190387/chronic-hyperandrogenemia-in-the-presence-and-absence-of-a-western-style-diet-impairs-ovarian-and-uterine-structure-function-in-young-adult-rhesus-monkeys
#19
Cecily V Bishop, Emily C Mishler, Diana L Takahashi, Taylor E Reiter, Kise R Bond, Cadence A True, Ov D Slayden, Richard L Stouffer
STUDY QUESTION: Does chronic hyperandrogenemia beginning at menarche, in the absence and presence of a western-style diet (WSD), alter ovarian and uterine structure-function in young adult rhesus monkeys? SUMMARY ANSWER: Phenotypic alterations in ovarian and uterine structure/function were induced by exogenous testosterone (T), and compounded in the presence of a WSD (T+WSD). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Hyperandrogenemia is a well-established component of PCOS and is observed in adolescent girls, indicating a potential pubertal onset of disease symptoms...
November 28, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181210/bilateral-tubal-pregnancy-without-known-risk-factor
#20
Hyacinthe Zamané, Barnabé Yameogo, Paul Dantola Kain, François Gueswendé Xavier Kaboré, Yobi Alexis Sawadogo, Sibraogo Kiemtoré, Sidbewenné Yacinthe Kaboré, Blandine Bonané Thiéba
Spontaneous bilateral ectopic gestation is very rare. The authors report a case diagnosed and taken care of at Yalgado Ouedraogo Teaching Hospital, Ouagadougou. It was a 30-year-old patient with no known pathological history. She had presented at the obstetric emergencies with a state of hypovolemic shock by haemoperitoneum with digestive disorders, pelvic pain, vaginal bleeding, and a mention of delayed menstruation. The ultrasound coupled with the urinary immunological pregnancy test confirmed the diagnosis of ruptured ectopic pregnancy and a bilateral form was suspected...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
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