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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341244/imperatorin-suppresses-proliferation-and-angiogenesis-of-human-colon-cancer-cell-by-targeting-hif-1%C3%AE-via-the-mtor-p70s6k-4e-bp1-and-mapk-pathways
#1
Chunliu Mi, Juan Ma, Ke Si Wang, Hong Xiang Zuo, Zhe Wang, Ming Yue Li, Lian Xun Piao, Guang Hua Xu, Xuezheng Li, Zhe Shan Quan, Xuejun Jin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Angelica dahurica is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine to treat migraine headache, toothache and cancer. Imperatorin is an active natural furocoumarin component originating from Angelica dahurica and has been shown to exhibit multiple bioeffector functions, including anti-cancer activity. However, the mechanism by which imperatorin inhibits tumor growth is not fully understood. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of imperatorin as a treatment of cancer and to identify the underlying mechanisms of its anticancer activity...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336469/a-review-of-the-ethnopharmacology-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-notopterygium-incisum
#2
REVIEW
John Teye Azietaku, Huifen Ma, Xie-An Yu, Jin Li, Mahmood Brobbey Oppong, Jun Cao, Mingrui An, Yan-Xu Chang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Notopterygium incisum Ting ex H.T. Chang, known in Chinese as 'Qianghuo' is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb with the rhizome and roots associated with meridians of the kidney and urinary bladder. It is pungent, bitter and warm in nature. It has been used over the years to disperse cold, prevent painful obstructions from wind, damp and warm pain. It has also been used with other herbs to treat wind-cold exterior syndrome and wind-cold-damp bi-syndromes and has been known to grow well in regions of high altitude such as Gansu, Tibet etc...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335476/inhibition-of-neoplastic-transformation-and-chemically-induced-skin-hyperplasia-in-mice-by-traditional-chinese-medicinal-formula-si-wu-tang
#3
Mandy M Liu, Kevin M Huang, Steven Yeung, Andy Chang, Suhui Zhang, Nan Mei, Cyrus Parsa, Robert Orlando, Ying Huang
Exploring traditional medicines may lead to the development of low-cost and non-toxic cancer preventive agents. Si-Wu-Tang (SWT), comprising the combination of four herbs, Rehmanniae, Angelica, Chuanxiong, and Paeoniae, is one of the most popular traditional Chinese medicines for women's diseases. In our previous studies, the antioxidant Nrf2 pathways were strongly induced by SWT in vitro and in vivo. Since Nrf2 activation has been associated with anticarcinogenic effects, the purpose of this study is to evaluate SWT's activity of cancer prevention...
March 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317437/apoptosis-inducing-activity-and-antiproliferative-effect-of-paeoniflorigenone-from-moutan-cortex
#4
Ying Huang, Osamu Ohno, Kiyotake Suenaga, Kenji Miyamoto
Ninety samples from the extracts of plants from traditional Chinese medicines were screened for antitumor activity. Paeoniflorigenone (PFG) was isolated as an active ingredient from the root of moutan cortex, which showed the strongest activity. In addition, our data indicated that PFG was cytotoxic and induced apoptosis selectively in the cancer cell lines. These effects were cancelled by the addition of caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK, suggesting that it was mediated by caspase-3 activation.
March 20, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314255/anti-metastatic-efficacy-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-tcm-ginsenoside-conjugated-to-a-vefgr-3-antibody-on-human-gastric-cancer-in-an-orthotopic-mouse-model
#5
Xiaojun Dai, Dongmei Liu, Moxiang Liu, Xiaochun Zhang, Weiming Wang, Feng Jin, Yayun Qian, Xuanyi Wang, Jingjing Zhao, Yongjian Wu, Fangfang Xiong, N A Chang, Y U Sun, Zhijian Yang, Robert M Hoffman, Yanqing Liu
Background/Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), VEGFR-3 antibody-conjugated ginsenoside Rg3nanoemulsion (VRIN), targeting lymphangiogenesis, on the inhibition of tumor growth and metastasis in an orthotopic mouse model of human gastric cancer. Materials and Methods: An orthotopic nude-mouse model of gastric cancer was established with the red fluorescent protein (RFP)-expressing human gastric cancer cell line NUGC-4-RFP. The tumor-bearing mice were treated with vehicle (0...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299321/jianpi-jiedu-recipe-inhibits-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-colorectal-cancer-through-tgf-%C3%AE-smad-mediated-snail-e-cadherin-expression
#6
Xuan Liu, Qing Ji, Wanli Deng, Ni Chai, Yuanyuan Feng, Lihong Zhou, Hua Sui, Chunpu Li, Xiaoting Sun, Qi Li
JPJD was an ideal alternative traditional Chinese medicine compound in the prevention and treatment of CRC, but its underlying mechanisms has not been fully elucidated. In this study, we demonstrated in vitro that TGF-β-induced EMT promoted the invasion and metastasis of CRC cells, reduced the expression of E-cadherin, and elevated the expression of Vimentin. However, JPJD could inhibit the invasive and migratory ability of TGF-β-stimulated CRC cells in a concentration-dependent manner through increasing the expression of E-cadherin and repressing the expression of Vimentin, as well as the inhibition of TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289384/theabrownin-inhibits-cell-cycle-progression-and-tumor-growth-of-lung-carcinoma-through-c-myc-related-mechanism
#7
Li Zhou, Feifei Wu, Wangdong Jin, Bo Yan, Xin Chen, Yingfei He, Weiji Yang, Wenlin Du, Qiang Zhang, Yonghua Guo, Qiang Yuan, Xiaoqiao Dong, Wenhua Yu, Jin Zhang, Luwei Xiao, Peijian Tong, Letian Shan, Thomas Efferth
Green tea, the fresh leaves of Camellia sinensis, is not only a health-promoting beverage but also a traditional Chinese medicine used for prevention or treatment of cancer, such as lung cancer. Theabrownin (TB) is the main fraction responsible for the medicinal effects of green tea, but whether it possesses anti-cancer effect is unknown yet. This study aimed to determine the in vitro and in vivo anti-lung cancer effect of TB and explore the underlying molecular mechanism, by using A549 cell line and Lewis lung carcinoma-bearing mice...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285612/potential-application-of-the-kampo-medicine-goshajinkigan-for-prevention-of-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy
#8
REVIEW
Marco Cascella, Maria Rosaria Muzio
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is one of the most common and severe adverse effects related to cancer treatment. Unfortunately, although several agents and protocols have been proposed, no prophylactic strategies have yet to be proven useful. Therefore, new alternative therapies have been considered for CIPN prevention. Herbal medicine in Japan, called Kampo medicine, is derived from traditional Chinese medicine. Goshajinkigan (GJG) is a Kampo medicine, that is comprised of ten herbs. The aim of this work is to analyse the results of pre-clinical and clinical studies on the potential applications of GJG in CIPN prevention...
March 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285062/self-assembled-stable-sponge-type-nanocarries-for-brucea-javanica-oil-delivery
#9
Aihua Zou, Yawen Li, Yiyin Chen, Angelina Angelova, Vasil M Garamus, Na Li, Markus Drechsler, Borislav Angelov, Yabin Gong
Sponge-type nanocarriers (spongosomes) are produced upon dispersion of a liquid crystalline sponge phase formed by self-assembly of an amphiphilic lipid in excess aqueous phase. The inner organization of the spongosomes is built-up by randomly ordered bicontinuous lipid membranes and their surfaces are stabilized by alginate chains providing stealth properties and colloidal stability. The present study elaborates spongosomes for improved encapsulation of Brucea javanica oil (BJO), a traditional Chinese medicine that may strongly inhibit proliferation and metastasis of various cancers...
February 27, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250792/traditional-chinese-medicine-bionic-tiger-bone-powder-for-the-treatment-of-ai-associated-musculoskeletal-symptoms
#10
Yifan Li, Zhenhua Zhang, Feifei Cui, Jialing Liu, Yitong Wang, Juling Jiang, Wenxin Ma, Wenping Lu
Background. Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are used for adjuvant therapy of breast cancer; however AIMSS (AI-Associated Musculoskeletal Symptoms) can negatively affect quality of life and compliance. Most patients in China moved to TCM (traditional Chinese medicine) for help. TB (tiger bone) is used to treat bone disease, whose main ingredients are calcium and collagen. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the TB prevented AIMSS in postmenopausal women with ER/PR+ breast cancer. Methods. We conducted a randomized, blind, controlled study of comparing TB versus placebo for 12 weeks in postmenopausal women with breast cancer who have taken AI for less than a month...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219365/exploration-of-anti-cancer-effects-and-mechanisms-of-zuo-jin-wan-and-its-alkaloid-components-in-vitro-and-in-orthotopic-hepg2-xenograft-immunocompetent-mice
#11
Shun-Ting Chou, Chien-Yun Hsiang, Hsin-Yi Lo, Hui-Fen Huang, Ming-Tsung Lai, Ching-Liang Hsieh, Su-Yin Chiang, Tin-Yun Ho
BACKGROUND: Zuo-Jin-Wan (ZJW), a two-herb formula consisting of Coptis chinensis (CC) and Evodia rutaecarpa (ER), is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of cancers. However, the efficacies and mechanisms of ZJW and its alkaloid components on cancers are still unclear. METHODS: Here we investigated the anti-cancer effects and mechanisms of ZJW, CC, ER, berberine, and evodiamine in cells and in intrahepatic xenograft mice. RESULTS: Treatment of HepG2 cells with ZJW, CC, ER, berberine, and evodiamine significantly displayed cytotoxic effects in a dose- and time-dependent manner...
February 20, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210222/icariside-ii-a-broad-spectrum-anti-cancer-agent-reverses-beta-amyloid-induced-cognitive-impairment-through-reducing-inflammation-and-apoptosis-in-rats
#12
Yuanyuan Deng, Long Long, Keke Wang, Jiayin Zhou, Lingrong Zeng, Lianzi He, Qihai Gong
Beta-amyloid (Aβ) deposition, associated neuronal apoptosis and neuroinflammation are considered as the important factors which lead to cognitive deficits in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Icariside II (ICS II), an active flavonoid compound derived from Epimedium brevicornum Maxim, has been extensively used to treat erectile dysfunction, osteoporosis and dementia in traditional Chinese medicine. Recently, ICS II attracts great interest due to its broad-spectrum anti-cancer property. ICS II shows an anti-inflammatory potential both in cancer treatment and cerebral ischemia-reperfusion...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203260/yin-cold-or-yang-heat-syndrome-type-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-was-associated-with-the-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-gene-status-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-confirmation-of-a-tcm-concept
#13
Yan-Juan Zhu, Hai-Bo Zhang, Li-Rong Liu, Yi-Hong Liu, Fu-Li Zhang, Jian-Ping Bai, Yong Li, Yan-Chun Qu, Xin Qu, Xian Chen, Yan Li, Shu-Yi Luo, Ai-Hua Ou
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) therapies should be tailored according to the different syndrome types. In order to identify the relationship between the TCM Yin-cold (YC) or Yang-heat (YH) syndrome types and the EGFR gene status, we prospectively studied 310 NSCLC patients. TCM YH or YC was diagnosed by three TCM experts. TCM symptoms and signs were entered into a binary cluster analysis. The relationships between the EGFR gene status, YH or YC syndrome types, and classification by cluster analysis were analyzed using the chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195223/celastrol-an-active-constituent-of-the-tcm-plant-tripterygium-wilfordii-hook-f-inhibits-prostate-cancer-bone-metastasis
#14
K Kuchta, Y Xiang, S Huang, Y Tang, X Peng, X Wang, Y Zhu, J Li, J Xu, Z Lin, T Pan
BACKGROUND: Treatment failure of prostate cancer (PCa) is often due to bone metastasis. Celastrol, an active constituent of Tripterygium wilfordii roots, has shown anti-tumor effects in previous studies in accordance with its indication in traditional Chinese medicine. METHODS: Using a PC-3 cell model, in vitro assays were performed to evaluate the effects of celastrol on proliferation, migration (wound healing assay), tissues invasion (Transwell-Matrigel penetration assay) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) secretion (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay)...
February 14, 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190470/berberine-inhibits-the-proliferation-and-migration-of-breast-cancer-zr-75-30-cells-by-targeting-ephrin-b2
#15
Weina Ma, Man Zhu, Dongdong Zhang, Liu Yang, Tianfeng Yang, Xin Li, Yanmin Zhang
BACKGROUND: Berberine, a plant-derived compound isolated from Coptis chinensis used in traditional Chinese medicine, has been shown to possess anti-cancer properties. However, no study has shown that berberine could target ephrin-B2, which plays a critical role in cell proliferation and migration. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of berberine on cancer cell growth and migration, through the regulation of ephrin-B2 and downstream signaling molecules...
February 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188923/arsenic-sulfide-induces-apoptosis-and-autophagy-through-the-activation-of-ros-jnk-and-suppression-of-akt-mtor-signaling-pathways-in-osteosarcoma
#16
Gangyang Wang, Tao Zhang, Wei Sun, Hongsheng Wang, Fei Yin, Zhuoying Wang, Dongqing Zuo, Mengxiong Sun, Zifei Zhou, Binhui Lin, Jing Xu, Yingqi Hua, Haoqing Li, Zhengdong Cai
Osteosarcoma is a common primary malignant bone tumor, the cure rate of which has stagnated over the past 25-30 years. Arsenic sulfide (As2S2), the main active ingredient of the traditional Chinese medicine realgar, has been proved to have antitumor efficacy in several tumor types including acute promyelocytic leukemia, gastric cancer and colon cancer. Here, we investigated the efficacy and mechanism of As2S2 in osteosarcoma both in vitro and in vivo. In this study, we demonstrated that As2S2 potently suppressed cell proliferation by inducing G2/M phase arrest in various osteosarcoma cell lines...
February 7, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183232/triterpenoids-and-polysaccharide-peptides-enriched-ganoderma-lucidum-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-study-of-its-antioxidation-and-hepatoprotective-efficacy-in-healthy-volunteers
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hui-Fang Chiu, Hui-Yu Fu, Yan-Ying Lu, Yi-Chun Han, You-Cheng Shen, Kamesh Venkatakrishnan, Oksana Golovinskaia, Chin-Kun Wang
CONTEXT: Ganoderma lucidum (Leyss: Fr) Karst. (Polyporaceae) is an oriental medicinal fungus, commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for treating various condition or diseases such as hypertension, hyperglycaemia, hepatitis and cancer. OBJECTIVE: The current study examines whether triterpenoids and polysaccharide-enriched G. lucidum (GL) influence antioxidation and hepatoprotective efficacy by suppressing oxidative stress. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two healthy subjects (22 male and 20 female) were recruited and segregated into two groups as experimental or placebo and requested to intake GL (n = 21) or placebo (n = 21) capsule (225 mg; after lunch or dinner) for six consecutive months and vice versa with one month washout period in between...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179291/synergistic-inhibitory-effect-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-astragaloside-iv-and-curcumin-on-tumor-growth-and-angiogenesis-in-an-orthotopic-nude-mouse-model-of-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Shuo Zhang, Decai Tang, Wenhua Zang, Gang Yin, Jianguo Dai, Y U Sun, Zhijian Yang, Robert M Hoffman, Xiuxia Guo
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), astragaloside IV (AS-IV) and curcumin on tumor growth and angiogenesis in an orthotopic nude-mouse model of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We have previously shown the usefulness of orthotopic models of human cancer for evaluation of the efficacy of TCM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nude mice with orthotopic HepG2 HCC were treated with vehicle control (0...
2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173792/microscopic-identification-and-in-vitro-activity-of-agastache-rugosa-fisch-et-mey-from-xinjiang-china
#19
Haiyan Gong, Shaoyu Li, Lijuan He, Rena Kasimu
BACKGROUND: Agastache rugosa is well-known as a common traditional Chinese medicine, which have relieving summer-heat, analgesic and antipyretic effects, have long been used as folkloristic remedy in the treatment of several infectious diseases, anti-inflammatory, and for its antibacterial properties. Considering the lack of available data on the morphology, anatomy and in vitro activity of A. rugosa, the goal of the present study was to carry out the microscopic identification of its aerial parts and in vitro activity research as a contribution to the quality control and reasonable utilization involving A...
February 7, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161224/cox-2-inhibitor-prevents-tumor-induced-down-regulation-of-classical-dc-lineage-specific-transcription-factor-zbtb46-resulting-in-immunocompetent-dc-and-decreased-tumor-burden
#20
Vipul K Pandey, Prayag J Amin, Bhavani S Shankar
The interaction between the immune and tumor cells in the microenvironment is an important factor deciding the progression of cancer. Though many of the soluble mediators in the microenvironment that mediate immunosuppression are known, the mechanism by which the tumor affects the distal progenitors is not known. We report that the tumor derived prostanoids down regulated classical dendritic cells DC (cDC) lineage specific transcription factor Zbtb46 in the progenitor cells which affects its differentiation...
February 1, 2017: Immunology Letters
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