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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791786/matrine-suppresses-kras-driven-pancreatic-cancer-growth-by-inhibiting-autophagy-mediated-energy-metabolism
#1
Young-Ra Cho, Ji Hyeon Lee, Ji Hye Kim, So-Yeon Lee, Suna Yoo, Min-Kyo Jung, Su Jung Kim, Hyun Ju Yoo, Chang-Gi Pack, Jin Kyung Rho, Jaekyoung Son
Matrine is a natural compound extracted from the herb Sophora flavescens Ait which is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine for treating various diseases. Recently, matrine was reported to have antitumor effects against a variety of cancers without any obvious side effects; however, the molecular mechanisms of its antiproliferative effects on cancer are unclear. Here, we report that matrine inhibits autophagy-mediated energy metabolism, which is necessary for pancreatic cancer growth. We found that matrine significantly reduces pancreatic cancer growth in vitro and in vivo by insufficiently maintaining mitochondrial metabolic function and energy level...
May 23, 2018: Molecular Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785118/traditional-chinese-medicine-astragalus-polysaccharide-enhanced-antitumor-effects-of-the-angiogenesis-inhibitor-apatinib-in-pancreatic-cancer-cells-on-proliferation-invasiveness-and-apoptosis
#2
Jun Wu, Jing Wang, Qiang Su, Wei Ding, Teng Li, Junxian Yu, Bangwei Cao
Background: Traditional chemotherapy and molecular targeted therapy have shown modest effects on the survival of patients with pancreatic cancer. The current study aimed to investigate the antitumor effects of apatinib, Astragalus polysaccharide (APS), and the combination of both the drugs in pancreatic cancer cells and further explore the molecular mechanisms in vitro. Materials and methods: Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) in human pancreatic cancer cell lines ASPC-1, PANC-1, and SW1990 was detected by Western blotting...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783992/a-review-of-the-risk-factors-genetics-and-treatment-of-endometriosis-in-chinese-women-a-comparative-update
#3
REVIEW
Yi Dai, Xiaoyan Li, Jinghua Shi, Jinhua Leng
Endometriosis is one of the major causes of economic burden and compromised quality of life in a very large percentage of Asian women. While it is perceived as a benign condition, recent research has shown that it may be a significant cause of infertility and metastatic cancer. It has also been associated with other diseases linked to the functioning of the immune system. Genetic as well as environmental factors are known to affect the manifestation and progression of endometriosis. This review aims to summarize recent research pertaining to the risk factors, diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis in Chinese women...
May 21, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783020/immune-modulation-of-a-novel-lipid-soluble-extract-of-pinellia-pedatisecta-schott-in-the-tumor-microenvironment-of-an-hpv-tumor-burdened-mouse-model
#4
Haixia Huang, Mingxing Zhang, Meng Zhang, Jing Peng, Guiling Li, Congjian Xu, Suiqi Gui
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Pinellia pedatisecta Schott extract (PE), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been used to reduce swelling, dry dampness and suppress cervical tumors. AIMS: To evaluate the roles of PE in the regulation of anti-tumor effects and the cellular immune response in the tumor microenvironment. METHODS: The immune microenvironment of HPV+ TC-1 tumors was examined by immunohistochemistry, real-time PCR and flow cytometry...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763415/efficacy-safety-and-cost-of-therapy-of-the-traditional-chinese-medicine-catalpol-in-patients-following-surgical-resection-for-locally-advanced-colon-cancer
#5
Baogang Fei, Wei Dai, Shouhe Zhao
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and cost of treatment of the traditional Chinese herbal medicine, catalpol, in patients following surgical resection for locally advanced colon cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS The 345 patients who had undergone surgical resection for locally advanced colon adenocarcinoma, were divided into three groups: a placebo-treated group (n=115); patients treated with an intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg/kg catalpol twice a day for 12 weeks (treatment group) (n=115); patients treated with 5 mg/kg intravenous bevacizumab twice a week for 12 weeks (control group) (n=115)...
May 15, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761372/outcomes-of-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-in-hospitalized-cancer-patients
#6
Parijat Saurav Joy, Achuta Kumar Guddati, Iuliana Shapira
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced cardiomyopathy is a critical complication of treatment for cancer. The emotional stress of a cancer diagnosis, ongoing chemotherapy, abnormal cancer-related wasting syndrome may contribute to cardiac morbidity in these patients. The burden of Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy (TCM) in cancer patients is unknown. The incidence of TCM and related outcomes in cancer patients was investigated in this study. METHODS: The 2007-2013 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) was analyzed for patients with a prior and new diagnosis of TCM with and without malignancy...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760794/yangyin-fuzheng-decoction-enhances-anti-tumor-efficacy-of-cisplatin-on-lung-cancer
#7
Dongmei Wei, Lin Wang, Yuhan Chen, Gang Yin, Mei Jiang, Rui Liu, Hong Chen, Xiyuan Sun
Traditional Chinese medicine has been widely used in cancer treatment in China. Yangyin Fuzheng Decoction is a traditional Chinese compound medicine, composed of 12 traditional Chinese herbs. This study aimed to investigate anti-tumor activity and the underlying mechanisms of Yangyin Fuzheng Decoction combined with cisplatin in the treatment of lung cancer. We established lung cancer model in C57BL/6 mice injected with mouse Lewis lung cancer cells. Our results demonstrated that Yangyin Fuzheng Decoction treatment increased necrotic area in tumor tissue, and significantly enhanced the recruitment of inflammatory cells into the tumor...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760660/ophiopogonin-d-a-natural-product-from-radix-ophiopogonis-induces-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-ripk1-dependent-and-caspase-independent-apoptotic-death-in-androgen-independent-human-prostate-cancer-cells
#8
Zongliang Lu, He Wang, Mingxing Zhu, Wei Song, Jiajia Wang, Changpeng Wu, Ya Kong, Jing Guo, Na Li, Jie Liu, Yanwu Li, Hongxia Xu
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anticancer effects of Ophiopogonin D' (OPD', a natural product extracted from a traditional Chinese medicine ( Radix Ophiopogonis ) against androgen-independent prostate cancer cells and to explore the underlying molecular mechanism(s) of action. Methods: The CCK-8 assay was used to assess the viability of prostate cancer cells. The cell morphology was examined by an ultrastructural analysis via transmission electron microscopy. Cells in apoptosis (early and late stages) were detected using an Annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide kit with a FACSCaliber flow cytometer...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757991/a-review-the-bioactivities-and-pharmacological-applications-of-polygonatum-sibiricum-polysaccharides
#9
REVIEW
Xiaowei Cui, Shiyuan Wang, Hui Cao, Hong Guo, Yujuan Li, Fangxue Xu, Mengmeng Zheng, Xiaozhi Xi, Chunchao Han
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been widely used in China and is regarded as the most important therapeutic. Polygonatum sibiricum (PS), a natural plant used in traditional Chinese medicine, has various functions associated with a number of its components. There are many compositions in PS including polysaccharides, steroids, anthraquinone, alkaloids, cardiac glycosides, lignin, vitamins, various acids, and so on. Of these, polysaccharides play a significant role in PS-based therapeutics. This article summarizes Polygonatum sibiricum polysaccharides (PSP) have many pharmacological applications and biological activities, such as their antioxidant activity, anti-aging activity, an anti-fatigue effect, immunity enhancement effect, antibacterial effect, anti-inflammatory effect, hypolipidemic and antiatherosclerotic effects, anti-osteoporosis effect, liver protection, treatment of diabetes mellitus (DM), anti-cancer effect, and may help prevent Alzheimer's disease, and so on...
May 14, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753750/new-tanshinone-i-derivatives-s222-and-s439-similarly-inhibit-topoisomerase-i-ii-but-reveal-different-p53-dependency-in-inducing-g2-m-arrest-and-apoptosis
#10
Qian-Ting Tian, Chun-Yong Ding, Shan-Shan Song, Ying-Qing Wang, Ao Zhang, Ze-Hong Miao
Tanshinone I (Tanshinone-1), a major active principle of the traditional Chinese medicine Salvia miltiorrhiza, possesses excellent anticancer properties, including inhibiting proliferation, angiogenesis and metastasis and overcoming multidrug resistance (MDR). However, its direct anticancer molecular target(s) remain unknown. Here we report that tanshinone-1 and its two new derivatives, S222 and S439, directly inhibit DNA topoisomerase I/II (Top1/2). With significantly improved water solubility, S222 and S439 displayed 12- and 14-times more potent proliferative inhibition than their parent tanshinone-1 in a panel of 15 cancer cell lines...
May 10, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746788/bioactivities-biosynthesis-and-biotechnological-production-of-phenolic-acids-in-salvia-miltiorrhiza
#11
Min Shi, Fenfen Huang, Changping Deng, Yao Wang, Guoyin Kai
Salvia miltiorrhiza (Danshen in Chinese), is a well-known traditional Chinese medicinal plant, which is used as not only human medicine but also health-promotion food. Danshen has been extensively used for the treatment of various cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. As a major group of bioactive constituents from S. miltiorrhiza, water-soluble phenolic acids such as salvianolic acid B possessed good bioactivities including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer and other health-promoting activities...
May 10, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745530/-chinese-herbal-medicine-euphorbia-esula-extract-induces-apoptosis-and-inhibits-the-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-of-multidrug-resistant-gastric-carcinoma-cells
#12
Xianli Guo, Zhaoying Fu, Yun Bi, Jun Zheng, Lei Wang, Xiaolong He, Fei Li, Xing Lei, Qingquan Ren
This paper aims to study the effects of traditional Chinese medicine Euphorbia esula on multidrug resistant human gastric cancer cells in the cell proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis, and to study the apoptosis-inducing pathway. Different dilutions of Euphorbia esula extract were used to process human multidrug resistant gastric cancer SGC7901/ADR cells. Cell proliferation inhibition phenomenon was determined by MTT experiment. Nuclear morphological changes of apoptotic cells and apoptotic indexes were observed and determined by Hochest33528 staining followed with fluorescence microscope observing...
April 1, 2018: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739100/hyperin-enhances-the-sensitivity-of-hct8-vcr-colon-cancer-cell-line-to-vincristine-by-down-regulating-p-glycoprotein
#13
Li-Min Wang, Ming-Yuan Zhang, Qiu-Shuang Zhu, Chun-Feng Lu, Xue Bai
BACKGROUND: Long-term chemotherapy reduces the sensitivity of colon cancer cells to chemotherapeutics like vincristine (VCR) and lead to drug resistance, which has become a major barrier for colon cancer treatment. Calcium antagonists are used as clinical tumor multidrug resistance reversal agents to regulate the P-glycoprotein (P-gp) level and block efflux pump function now, but they have significant side effects. Hyperin as active component with low toxicity in traditional Chinese medicine has calcium antagonistic effect...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738778/shikonin-enhances-sensitization-of-gefitinib-against-wild-type-egfr-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-via-inhibition-pkm2-stat3-cyclind1-signal-pathway
#14
Jian-Cai Tang, Yong-Gang Ren, Jia Zhao, Feng Long, Jian-Ye Chen, Zhen Jiang
AIMS: Mutant EGFR Non-small cell lung cancer has benefit from gefitinib, but it has limited effect for wild-type EGFR tumors. Shikonin, a natural naphthoquinone isolated from a traditional Chinese medicine, the plant Lithospermum erythrorhizon (zicao), not only can inhibit the tumor growth, but also overcome cancer drug resistance. Our aim is to investigate whether shikonin can enhance antitumor effect of gefitinib in EGFR wild-type lung cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CCK-8 was used to determine the proliferation of EGFR wild-type non-small cell lung cancer...
May 5, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735975/efficacy-of-acupuncture-therapy-for-chemotherapy-related-cognitive-impairment-in-breast-cancer-patients
#15
Taishan Tong, Chunqin Pei, Jun Chen, Qing Lv, Fuquan Zhang, Zaohuo Cheng
BACKGROUND Chemotherapy can cause adverse effects such as chemotherapy-related cognitive impairment (CRCI). In this prospective study, the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine acupuncture therapy in relieving CRCI and its impact on serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eighty patients were randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group with 40 patients in each group. The treatment group was treated at the following acupuncture points: Baihui (DU20), Sishencong (EX-HN1), Shenting (DU24), Zusanli (ST36), Taixi (K13), Dazhong (K14), and Juegu (GB39)...
May 8, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732152/molecular-mechanisms-underlying-the-antimetastatic-activity-of-bufalin
#16
REVIEW
Jie Wang, Yue Xia, Qingshong Zuo, Teng Chen
Bufalin is a monomer compound extract from Chansu, which is a traditional Chinese medicine obtained from the skin and parotid venom glands of toads, such as Bufo bufo gargarizans Cantor and Bufo melanostictus Schneider. Chansu had been used in traditional Chinese medicine for >1,000 years due to its cardiac, anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties. Previous studies identified bufalin as the main anticancer compound of Chansu, and recent evidence has corroborated its anticancer properties. Bufalin inhibits cancer cell proliferation, induces cell cycle arrest, induces cancer cell apoptosis, inhibits neovascularization, induces cell differentiation, inhibits cancer metastasis and invasion, and enhances chemotherapeutic drug sensitivity...
May 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731854/cantharidin-suppresses-cell-growth-and-migration-and-activates-autophagy-in-human-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells
#17
Yan-Peng Liu, Ling Li, Liang Xu, E-Nuo Dai, Wei-Da Chen
Cantharidin (CTD), a component of Mylabris (blister beetle), is a traditional Chinese medicine that exerts an anticancer effect in multiple types of cancer cells. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether CTD exhibited anti-metastatic and inhibitory cell proliferation effects against human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cells, and the possible underlying mechanism by which this occurs. The results of the present study demonstrated that CTD arrested proliferation, suppressed invasion and migration and induced apoptosis in A549 cells in vitro ...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731828/puerarin-alleviates-delayed-type-hypersensitivity-via-cytokine-inhibition-by-modulating-th1-th2-balance
#18
Jing Tong, Xi-Jiang Hu, Wen-Qian Cai, Xiang Dai, Lei Wang
Puerarin has long been used as a traditional Chinese medicine, which possesses various physiological properties, including anti-inflammation, anti-oxidative, anti-diabetic and anti-cancer activities. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of puerarin on delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) induced by ovalbumin (OVA) in mice and explore its underlying mechanisms. The results showed that puerarin significantly attenuated DTH, resulting from a decrement in footpad swelling, reduction in inflammatory cell as well as a decline in anti-OVA IgG in serum...
May 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730918/-a-multicenter-large-sample-randomized-clinical-trial-on-improving-the-median-survival-time-of-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-by-combination-of-ginseng-rg3-and-chemotherapy
#19
Y Zhang, X Q Wang, H Liu, J Liu, W Hou, H S Lin
Objective: To observe the efficacy of the combination of chemotherapy and Ginseng Rg3 on advanced non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC). Methods: In the multi-center, large-sample, randomized, double blind trial, 414 patients with Ⅲ-Ⅳ NSCLC were enrolled.199 were in the experimental group and 215 the control group. The patients in the experimental group were treated with the standard first-line chemotherapy combined with Ginseng Rg3. The patients in the control group were treated with the same chemotherapy combined with placebo...
April 23, 2018: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728035/-effect-of-ginseng-rare-ginsenoside-components-combined-with-paclitaxel-on-a549-lung-cancer
#20
Lei Yang, Zhen-Hai Zhang, Xiao-Bin Jia
Traditional Chinese medicine combined with anticancer drugs is a new direction of clinical cancer therapy in recent years. In this study, the optimal ratio of ginseng rare ginsenoside components and paclitaxel was optimized by MTT method, and the proliferative, apoptotic and anti-tumor effects of lung cancer A549 cells were investigated. It was found that the inhibitory effect on the proliferation of lung cancer A549 cells was the same as that on paclitaxel when the ratio of rare ginseng rare ginsenoside components to paclitaxel was 4∶6...
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
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