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Reactive Attachment Disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674600/incidence-and-comorbidity-of-reactive-attachment-disorder-based-on-national-health-insurance-claims-data-2010-2012-in-korea
#1
Minha Hong, Duk Soo Moon, Hyejung Chang, Seung Yup Lee, Seong Woo Cho, Kyung-Sook Lee, Jin-Ah Park, Sang Min Lee, Geon Ho Bahn
Objective: We aimed to investigate the current diagnostic incidence and medical and psychiatric comorbidities of reactive attachment disorder (RAD) using the National Health Insurance Review and Assessment (HIRA) claims data. Methods: To examine the diagnostic incidence, we selected patients who were under 10-year-old and had at least one medical claim containing a 10th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) code for RAD (F94...
April 20, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626664/misperceptions-of-reactive-attachment-disorder-persist-poor-methods-and-unsupported-conclusions
#2
REVIEW
Brian Allen
Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) is an often discussed, but misunderstood, diagnostic presentation. A growing body of well-designed prospective studies is providing a wealth of information about the condition; however, misconceptions of RAD abound in both clinical and research arenas. As such, it can be difficult for reviewers to critically evaluate papers pertaining to RAD that are submitted to academic journals and even more difficult for practicing clinicians operating under the time constraints of community-based practice...
April 4, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580430/hydroxyethyl-methacrylate-grafted-carboxy-methyl-tamarind-cmt-g-hema-polysaccharide-based-matrix-as-a-suitable-scaffold-for-skin-tissue-engineering
#3
Priyanka Choudhury, Satish Kumar, Abhishek Singh, Ashutosh Kumar, Navneet Kaur, Sridhar Sanyasi, Saurabh Chawla, Chandan Goswami, Luna Goswami
Patho-physiologies related to skin are diverse in nature such as burns, skin ulcers, atopic dermatitis, psoriasis etc. which impose severe bio-medical problems and thus enforce requirement of new and healthy skin prepared through tissues engineering methodologies. However, fully functional and biodegradable matrix for attachment, growth, proliferation and differentiation of the relevant cells is not available. In the present study, we introduce a set of hydrogels synthesized by incorporation of a synthetic monomer (Hydroxyethlmethacryate) with a semi-synthetic polymer backbone (carboxy methyl tamarind, CMT) in different mole ratios...
June 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576267/interaction-between-the-opioid-receptor-oprm1-gene-and-mother-child-language-style-matching-prospectively-predicts-children-s-separation-anxiety-disorder-symptoms
#4
Sameen Boparai, Jessica L Borelli, Lindsey Partington, Patricia Smiley, Ella Jarvik, Hannah F Rasmussen, Lauren C Seaman, Erika L Nurmi
Recent research suggests that lower mother-child language style matching (LSM) is associated with greater physiological reactivity and insecure attachment in school-aged children, but to date no studies have explored this measure of parent-child behavioral matching for its association with children's anxiety symptoms, a well-known correlate of attachment insecurity and heightened physiological reactivity. There is also considerable evidence of genetic risk for anxiety, including possession of the OPRM1 minor allele, 118G...
March 22, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475227/incidence-and-comorbidity-of-reactive-attachment-disorder-based-on-national-health-insurance-claims-data-2010-2012-in-korea
#5
Minha Hong, Duk Soo Moon, Hyejung Chang, Seung Yup Lee, Seong Woo Cho, Kyung-Sook Lee, Jin-Ah Park, Sang Min Lee, Geon Ho Bahn
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the current diagnostic incidence, and medical and psychiatric comorbidities of reactive attachment disorder (RAD) using the National Health Insurance Review and Assessment (HIRA) claims data. METHODS: To examine the diagnostic incidence, we selected patients who were under 10-year-old and who had at least one medical claim containing a 10th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) code for RAD (F94...
February 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388902/attachment-related-regulatory-processes-moderate-the-impact-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-on-stress-reaction-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Johannes C Ehrenthal, Kenneth N Levy, Lori N Scott, Douglas A Granger
In this study, the authors explored whether attachment insecurity moderates the effects of adverse childhood experiences on stress reactivity in the context of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Participants were 113 women (39 with BPD, 15 with some BPD criteria present, 59 without any BPD symptoms) who participated in the Trier Social Stress Test. Saliva samples were collected before and after the stressor and assayed for salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) and cortisol. Adverse childhood experiences were measured using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, and attachment by the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised questionnaire...
January 2018: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067549/relationship-of-bipolar-disorder-with-psychiatric-comorbidity-in-the-postpartum-period-a-scoping-review
#7
REVIEW
Verinder Sharma
Childbirth can trigger a variety of psychiatric disorders; however, no disorder is as profoundly affected by childbirth as bipolar disorder. Rates of psychiatric comorbidity especially anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder, and substance use disorders are quite high in individuals with bipolar disorder. The purpose of this scoping review is to ascertain the effect of childbirth on the relationship between the onset of bipolar disorder and comorbid psychiatric disorders. On June 27, 2017, a search of the Medline, PsycINFO, CINHAL, EMBASE, SCOPUS, COCHRANE, and ISI-Web of Science (WOS) databases was performed using the terms mental disorders, mental disease, major depressive disorder, major depression, depression, panic disorder, bipolar disorder, comorbidity, anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia, eating disorders, reactive attachment disorder, childbirth, parturition, puerperium, postpartum, postpartum period and postnatal period...
October 24, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033574/surgical-site-infections-following-instrumented-stabilization-of-the-spine
#8
Ulrike Dapunt, Caroline Bürkle, Frank Günther, Wojciech Pepke, Stefan Hemmer, Michael Akbar
BACKGROUND: Implant-associated infections are still a feared complication in the field of orthopedics. Bacteria attach to the implant surface and form so-called biofilm colonies that are often difficult to diagnose and treat. Since the majority of studies focus on prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) of the hip and knee, current treatment options (eg, antibiotic prophylaxis) of implant-associated infections have mostly been adapted according to these results. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate patients with surgical site infections following instrumented stabilization of the spine with regard to detected bacteria species and the course of the disease...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791819/decreased-sl-selectin-serum-levels-in-sleep-apnea-syndrome-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases
#9
Monika Kosacka, Irena Porębska, Renata Jankowska
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) is a common disorder associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVES: sL-selectin is an adhesion molecule released from the surface of leukocytes as they are activated and may inhibit leukocyte attachment to the endothelium. The aim of this study was to evaluate sL-selectin serum levels in OSA patients with cardiovascular diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 163 OSA patients were enrolled in the study...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752493/mindfulness-meditation-for-fibromyalgia-mechanistic-and-clinical-considerations
#10
REVIEW
Adrienne L Adler-Neal, Fadel Zeidan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Fibromyalgia is a disorder characterized by widespread pain and a spectrum of psychological comorbidities, rendering treatment difficult and often a financial burden. Fibromyalgia is a complicated chronic pain condition that requires a multimodal therapeutic approach to optimize treatment efficacy. Thus, it has been postulated that mind-body techniques may prove fruitful in treating fibromyalgia. Mindfulness meditation, a behavioral technique premised on non-reactive sensory awareness, attenuates pain and improves mental health outcomes...
September 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715704/oxytocin-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-attachment-and-ptsd-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#11
Lauren M Sippel, Shizhong Han, Laura E Watkins, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem, Steven M Southwick, John H Krystal, Miranda Olff, Richard Sherva, Lindsay A Farrer, Henry R Kranzler, Joel Gelernter, Robert H Pietrzak
The human oxytocin system is implicated in social behavior and stress recovery. Polymorphisms in the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) may interact with attachment style to predict stress-related psychopathology like posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The objective of this study was to examine independent and interactive effects of the OXTR single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs53576, which has been associated with stress reactivity, support-seeking, and PTSD in prior studies, and attachment style on risk for PTSD in a nationally representative sample of 2163 European-American (EA) U...
November 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691843/associations-of-borderline-personality-disorder-traits-with-stressful-events-and-emotional-reactivity-in-women-with-bulimia-nervosa
#12
Carolyn M Pearson, Jason M Lavender, Li Cao, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Carol B Peterson, Scott J Crow
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) traits are common among those with bulimia nervosa (BN). However, how these traits impact the state experience of precipitants of BN behavior, such as stressful events and emotional reactivity, has not been determined. Thus, the purpose of this naturalistic study was to examine this trait-state association in BN. Women with DSM-IV BN (N = 133) completed a baseline measure of personality pathology traits, and subsequently recorded their affective state and the frequency and perception of 3 types of stressful events (interpersonal, work/environment, and daily hassles) several times per day for 2 weeks using ecological momentary assessment (EMA)...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577603/beyond-reactive-attachment-disorder-how-might-attachment-research-inform-child-psychiatry-practice
#13
REVIEW
Neil W Boris, Kimberly Renk
This article provides an updated review of attachment research with a focus on how comprehensive clinical assessment and intervention informs the care of young children. Child psychiatrists can serve as an important part of care coordination teams working with young children who have histories of early maltreatment and/or disruption in caregiving whether or not the children they are seeing meet criteria for an attachment disorder. Child psychiatrists should be familiar with both comprehensive assessment and the recent attachment-based interventions and appreciate how pharmacotherapy can be a useful adjunctive intervention when intensive therapy alone is ineffective...
July 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537091/convergence-between-observations-and-interviews-in-clinical-diagnosis-of-reactive-attachment-disorder-and-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorder
#14
Hans Peter Giltaij, Paula Sophia Sterkenburg, Carlo Schuengel
OBJECTIVE: A comprehensive approach is needed for diagnosing disordered attachment behavior due to the multifaceted nature of attachment. Differences between various indicators can pose a challenge for deciding on the proper diagnosis. This study assessed the convergence between clinical interview assessment and observation-based clinical diagnosis, and their linkages with inadequate care. METHOD: Participating children ( N = 55) had intelligence quotients (IQs) between 50 and 85 and were referred for psychiatric consultation...
October 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401844/signs-of-reactive-attachment-disorder-and-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorder-at-age-12-years-effects-of-institutional-care-history-and-high-quality-foster-care
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kathryn L Humphreys, Charles A Nelson, Nathan A Fox, Charles H Zeanah
Two disorders of attachment have been consistently identified in some young children following severe deprivation in early life: reactive attachment disorder and disinhibited social engagement disorder. However, less is known about whether signs of these disorders persist into adolescence. We examined signs of reactive attachment disorder and disinhibited social engagement disorder at age 12 years in 111 children who were abandoned at or shortly after birth and subsequently randomized to care as usual or to high-quality foster care, as well as in 50 comparison children who were never institutionalized...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254669/reactive-attachment-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorders-callous-unemotional-traits-and-comorbid-disorders
#16
Susan Dickerson Mayes, Susan L Calhoun, Daniel A Waschbusch, Rosanna P Breaux, Raman Baweja
BACKGROUND: DSM-5 Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) and Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (DSED) are rare, understudied, and controversial disorders. METHODS: Comorbidity in children diagnosed with RAD or DSED was compared with comorbidity in ADHD and autism to determine if RAD/DSED comorbidity differed from that for the two most common disorders in child psychiatric clinics. Samples included 4-17-year-olds, 20 with RAD and/or DSED, 933 with autism, and 895 with ADHD...
April 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141706/attached-to-a-diagnosis-the-quandary-of-social-deficits-and-reactive-attachment-disorder
#17
Randall Phelps, Debra Eisert, Susan Schulz, Marilyn Augustyn
Alex is a 9-year-old boy brought to you, his primary care provider, for a "fifth opinion." You have cared for Alex since he was adopted from a Romanian orphanage at 3 years of age. He has been physically healthy with normal growth parameters and no evidence of fetal alcohol syndrome. Alex has long-standing history of social difficulties, impulsivity, lying, controlling, manipulative behaviors, violent outbursts at home with subsequent lack of remorse, and excessive chatter. You referred Alex to an interdisciplinary child development clinic 2 years ago, where he was diagnosed with reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126657/a-study-of-attachment-disorders-in-young-offenders-attending-specialist-services
#18
Kate Moran, Jennifer McDonald, Alison Jackson, Sue Turnbull, Helen Minnis
Attachment disorders, specifically Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) and Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (DSED) are disorders associated with neglect and abuse in which people have significant difficulties relating to others. This study aims to explore Attachment Disorder symptoms and diagnoses in young offenders and factors that may be associated with them such as mental health problems. A cross-sectional design was used with 29 young people who were known to Intensive Services, aged 12-17 (M=16.2, SD=1...
March 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895198/autism-and-reactive-attachment-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorders-co-occurrence-and-differentiation
#19
Susan Dickerson Mayes, Susan L Calhoun, Daniel A Waschbusch, Raman Baweja
DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition) Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) and Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (DSED) are rare disorders sharing social difficulties with autism. The DSM-5 and ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases, 10th revsion) state that RAD/DSED should not be diagnosed in children with autism. The purpose of our study is to determine whether children can meet criteria for both autism and RAD/DSED and to identify specific symptoms discriminating the disorders...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806867/practice-parameter-for-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-children-and-adolescents-with-reactive-attachment-disorder-and-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorder
#20
Charles H Zeanah, Tessa Chesher, Neil W Boris
This Practice Parameter is a revision of a previous Parameter addressing reactive attachment disorder that was published in 2005. It reviews the current status of reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and disinhibited social engagement disorder (DESD) with regard to assessment and treatment. Attachment is a central component of social and emotional development in early childhood, and disordered attachment is defined by specific patterns of abnormal social behavior in the context of "insufficient care" or social neglect...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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