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F K Hollinshead, C Walker, D W Hanlon
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a reliable endocrine marker of ovarian reserve in many species with extensive literature in both humans and cattle. However, there are no known hormonal predictors of ovarian reserve and potential reproductive performance in the bitch. A prospective cohort study was performed involving 155 intact bitches of various ages (range 1.2-7.6 years) and breeds that were presented for routine breeding management over a one-year period. All bitches were artificially inseminated with frozen or fresh semen using the transcervical insemination (TCI) technique...
October 18, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Matteo Aloi, Cristina Segura-García
OBJECTIVE: Low self-esteem and low self-directedness (SD) are considered a risk factor for the development of eating disorders (EDs). The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that low self-esteem and low SD lead to a higher risk for EDs through the mediation of anxiety and depression. METHODS: Seventy-seven female teenagers answered the Eating Disorder Inventory 3 (EDI-3), the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale (IUS), the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), and the State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R)...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Bernardo Antonio Agostini, Lisara Tosatto Pinto, Mariangélica Koehler, Bruno Emmanuelli, Chaiana Piovesan, Thiago Machado Ardenghi
The aim of this study was to assess trends in traumatic crown injuries (TCIs), their prevalence, and association with socioeconomic and clinical factors in preschool children over a 5-year period. A series of cross-sectional surveys was conducted in Santa Maria, Brazil, on children attending a National Day of Children's Vaccination. The same protocol was used in all surveys conducted in 2008, 2010, and 2013. Clinical examinations were performed to evaluate types of traumatic crown injuries using the O'brien index...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Sergio B Chavez, Luis A Alvarado, Robert Gonzalez
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar I disorder is an illness causing mood shifts that can result in personality and character trait alterations. The relationship between mood and personality and character traits in bipolar I disorder is unclear at this time. METHODS: We conducted a study from February 2009 to March 2010 that included 42 subjects with bipolar I disorder, which was confirmed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders. Mood was assessed via the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) and the 30-item Clinician-rated Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (IDS-C)...
2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Katarzyna Prochwicz, Łukasz Gawęda
In this study we examined the hypothesis that depression and anxiety may mediate the relationship between personality traits and both positive and negative psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) in healthy adults. The Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences (CAPE) scale, Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) were administered to 492 healthy individuals. Multiple stepwise regression and mediation analyses were performed to examine whether depressive and anxiety symptoms influence the relationship between the TCI dimensions and positive and negative PLEs...
September 23, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Ayşegül Batıoğlu Karaaltın, Zerrin Binbay, Özgür Yiğit, Zehra Dönmez, Umur Yollu
AIM: Larynx cancer patients usually use alcohol besides tobacco. It has been reported earlier that nearly half of the patients who have undergone laryngectomcy after larynx cancer diagnosis still continue to consume alcohol after the operation. The aim of this study is to compare the mood and character features of patients who do or do not consume alcohol during the post-operative period and thus to be able to predict the patients who will continue their alcohol use at the post-operative period...
September 26, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Youssef Motiaa, Mustapha Bensghir, Abdelhamid Jaafari, Mohammed Meziane, Redouane Ahtil, Noureddine Drissi Kamili
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a technique used both for diagnosis and for the treatment of biliary and pancreatic diseases. ERCP has some anesthetic implications and specific complications. The primary outcome aim was to compare two protocols in terms of time of extubation. We also compared anesthetic protocols in terms of hemodynamic and respiratory instability, antispasmodics needs, endoscopist satisfaction, and recovery room stay. METHODS: Patients were randomized into two groups standard anesthesia group (Gr: SA) in whom induction was done by propofol, fentanyl and cisatracurium and maintenance was done by a mixture of oxygen, nitrousoxide (50%:50%) and sevoflurane; and intravenous anesthesia group to target concentration (Gr: TCI) in whom induction and maintenance of anesthesia were done with propofol with a target 0...
October 2016: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
Sue-Jie Koo, Imran Chowdhury, Bartosz Szczesny, Xianxiu Wan, Nisha J Garg
BACKGROUND: Trypanosoma cruzi is the causative agent of chronic chagasic cardiomyopathy. Why macrophages (mϕs), the early responders to infection, fail to achieve parasite clearance is not known. METHODS: Mouse (RAW 264.7) and human (THP-1 and primary) mϕs were infected with T. cruzi TcI isolates, SylvioX10/4 (SYL, virulent) and TCC (non-pathogenic), for 3 h and 18 h that represent mϕ stimulation and infection states, respectively. Mϕs incubated with LPS/IFN-γ and IL-4 were used as controls...
October 3, 2016: Infection and Immunity
Erik Monasterio, Omer Mei-Dan, Anthony C Hackney, Amy R Lane, Igor Zwir, Sandor Rozsa, C Robert Cloninger
This is the first report of the psychobiology of stress in BASE jumpers, one of the most dangerous forms of extreme sport. We tested the hypotheses that indicators of emotional style (temperament) predict salivary cortisol reactivity, whereas indicators of intentional goal-setting (persistence and character) predict salivary alpha-amylase reactivity during BASE jumping. Ninety-eight subjects completed the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) the day before the jump, and 77 also gave salivary samples at baseline, pre-jump on the bridge over the New River Gorge, and post-jump upon landing...
September 29, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
Han Bum Joe, Jong Yeop Kim, Hyun Jeong Kwak, Sang Eon Oh, Sook Young Lee, Sung Yong Park
BACKGROUND: Remifentanil can improve insertion of a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) during induction with propofol. Recently, it has been suggested that there is a sex difference in opioid requirements for this procedure. The purposes of this study were to determine the effective effect-site concentration (Ce) of remifentanil for the facilitation of LMA insertion in male and female patients during propofol anesthesia without neuromuscular blockade and to evaluate whether there are sex differences in the Ce of remifentanil required for successful LMA insertion...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Elif Yıldızer Keriş, Didem Atabek, Kahraman Güngör
BACKGROUND: The current study evaluated the effects of fixed and removable space-maintainers on halitosis and oral health of children. METHODS: Forty-three patients randomly selected between the ages 4-10 whom fixed or removable space maintainers were indicated in Gazi University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Pedodontics. The inclusing criteria were: caries-free (with/without restorations), with absence of periodontal diseases, without systematic disease, no mouth breathing and no use of antibiotics the 2-months period before the study...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Martin Sievert, Igor Zwir, Kevin M Cloninger, Nigel Lester, Sandor Rozsa, C Robert Cloninger
BACKGROUND: Multiple factors influence the decision to enter a career in medicine and choose a specialty. Previous studies have looked at personality differences in medicine but often were unable to describe the heterogeneity that exists within each specialty. Our study used a person-centered approach to characterize the complex relations between the personality profiles of resident physicians and their choice of specialty. METHODS: 169 resident physicians at a large Midwestern US training hospital completed the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS)...
2016: PeerJ
Carolina Hernández, Zulma Cucunubá, Carolina Flórez, Mario Olivera, Carlos Valencia, Pilar Zambrano, Cielo León, Juan David Ramírez
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of Chagas disease is complex due to the dynamics of parasitemia in the clinical phases of the disease. The molecular tests have been considered promissory because they detect the parasite in all clinical phases. Trypanosoma cruzi presents significant genetic variability and is classified into six Discrete Typing Units TcI-TcVI (DTUs) with the emergence of foreseen genotypes within TcI as TcIDom and TcI Sylvatic. The objective of this study was to determine the operating characteristics of molecular tests (conventional and Real Time PCR) for the detection of T...
September 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Wei Han, Yun Yi Hu, Shi Yi Li, Fei Fei Li, Jun Hong Tang
Biohydrogen production from waste bread in a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) was techno-economically assessed. The treating capacity of the H2-producing plant was assumed to be 2 ton waste bread per day with lifetime of 10years. Aspen Plus was used to simulate the mass and energy balance of the plant. The total capital investment (TCI), total annual production cost (TAPC) and annual revenue of the plant were USD931020, USD299746/year and USD639920/year, respectively. The unit hydrogen production cost was USD1...
December 2016: Bioresource Technology
Carolyn L Hodo, Chloe C Goodwin, Bonny C Mayes, Jacqueline A Mariscal, Kenneth A Waldrup, Sarah A Hamer
In contrast to other mammalian reservoirs, many bat species migrate long-distances and have the potential to introduce exotic pathogens to new areas. Bats have long been associated with blood-borne protozoal trypanosomes of the Schizotrypanum subgenus, which includes the zoonotic parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, agent of Chagas disease. Another member of the subgenus, Trypanosoma dionisii, infects bats of Europe and South America, and genetic similarities between strains from the two continents suggest transcontinental movement of this parasite via bats...
September 16, 2016: Acta Tropica
Hiromi Nagano, Tomohiro Jimura, Miho Nagano, Takao Makise, Keiichi Miyashita, Yuichi Kurono
OBJECTIVE: Transcutaneous immunization (TCI) is a novel route of vaccination through application of a topical vaccine antigen on skin. Phosphorylcholine (PC) is a structural component of a variety of pathogens, and anti-PC immune responses protect mice against invasive bacterial diseases. The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of TCI using PC in back skin or auricle skin in BALB/c mice. METHODS: TCI was performed in BALB/c mice in back skin or auricle skin using PC-keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) plus cholera toxin (CT)...
September 13, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Andréa P da Costa, Pablo Henrique Nunes, Beatriz Helena Santos Leite, Juliana Isabel G da S Ferreira, Renata Tonhosolo, Adriana Ruckert da Rosa, Patricio Adriano da Rocha, Caroline Cotrim Aires, Solange Maria Gennari, Arlei Marcili
The Trypanosoma comprises flagellates able to infect many mammalian species and is transmitted by several groups of invertebrates. The order Chiroptera can be infected by the subgenera Herpetosoma, Schizotrypanum, Megatrypanum and Trypanozoon. In this study, we described the diversity of bats trypanosomes, inferring the phylogenetic relationships among the trypanosomes from bats caught Belo Monte Hydroeletric area (Brazilian Amazonia). Trypanosomes from bats were isolated by haemoculture, and the molecular phylogeny based on small subunit rDNA (SSU rDNA) and glycosomal-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (gGAPDH) gene sequences...
September 12, 2016: Acta Tropica
Hwanjin Park, Byung Seong Suh, Hye-Kyung Lee, Kounseok Lee
OBJECTIVE: Adult attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) exhibits symptoms, such as attention deficit and impulsivity, that make it difficult for patients to manage social activities. In this study, we investigated the association of adult ADHD symptoms with temperament and character dimensions, taking into account possible sex interactions. METHOD: A total of 2917 (1462 males and 1455 females) college students completed the 140 5-point Likert items on the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised Short version (TCI-RS) and the Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Self-Rated Scale (ASRS)...
October 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Juliana Oliveira Silveira, Fernando Oliveira Costa, Peterson Antônio Dutra Oliveira, Bernardo Carvalho Dutra, Sheila Cavalca Cortelli, José Roberto Cortelli, Luís Otávio Miranda Cota, Alcione Maria Soares Dutra Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the effect of one-stage full-mouth disinfection (FMD) and conventional quadrant scaling in four weekly sessions (QS) on periodontal clinical parameters and halitosis among individuals with advanced chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 30 individuals were divided into two groups: FMD (n = 15) and QS (n = 15). The following data were collected at the baseline and 90 days after treatment: plaque index, tongue-coating index (TCI), bleeding on probing, probing depth, and clinical attachment level...
September 10, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
I C H Clare, E M Madden, A J Holland, C J T Farrington, S Whitson, S Broughton, A Lillywhite, E Jones, K A Wade, M Redley, A P Wagner
BACKGROUND: In the UK, the closure of 'long-stay' hospitals was accompanied by the development of community teams (CTs) to support people with intellectual disabilities (IDs) to live in community settings. The self-reported experiences of staff working in such teams have been neglected. METHODS: Focusing on a single county-wide service, comprising five multi-disciplinary and inter-agency CTs, we measured perceptions among the health care and care management Team members of (1) their personal well-being; (2) the functioning of their team; and (3) the organisation's commitment to quality, and culture...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
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