keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tci

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908747/tci-tcii-and-tcvi-trypanosoma-cruzi-samples-from-chagas-disease-patients-with-distinct-clinical-forms-and-critical-analysis-of-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-behavior-response-to-treatment-and-infection-evolution-in-murine-model
#1
Maykon Tavares de Oliveira, Renata Tupinambá Branquinho, Gláucia Diniz Aléssio, Carlos Geraldo Campos Mello, Nívia Carolina Nogueira de Paiva, Cláudia Martins Carneiro, Max Jean de Ornelas Toledo, Alexandre Barbosa Reis, Olindo Assis Martins Filho, Marta de Lana
The clonal evolution of Trypanosoma cruzi sustains scientifically the hypothesis of association between parasite's genetic, biological behavior and possibly the clinical aspects of Chagas disease in patients from whom they were isolated. This study intended to characterize a range of biological properties of TcI, TcII and TcVI T. cruzi samples in order to verify the existence of these associations. Several biological features were evaluated, including in vitro epimastigote-growth, "Vero"cells infectivity and growth, along with in vivo studies of parasitemia, polymorphism of trypomastigotes, cardiac inflammation, fibrosis and response to treatment by nifurtimox during the acute and chronic murine infection...
November 28, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904618/assessment-of-different-anesthesia-depth-under-total-intravenous-anesthesia-on-postoperative-cognitive-function-in-laparoscopic-patients
#2
Delin Zhang, Aiqing Nie
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the effects of different depths of sedation during total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with remifentanil and propofol given by target-controlled infusion (TCI) on postoperative cognitive function in young and middle-aged patients undergoing gynecological laparoscopic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 150 American Society of Anesthesiologists physical Status I/II patients scheduled for gynecological laparoscopic operation were randomly divided into three groups...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903339/-effect-of-goal-directed-haemodynamic-management-on-the-postoperative-outcome-in-elderly-patients-with-fragile-cardiac-function-undergoing-abdominal-surgery
#3
L S Zheng, E W Gu, X H Peng, L Zhang, Y Y Cao
Objective: To investigate the effect of goal-directed haemodynamic management based on stroke volume variation (SVV), cardiac index (CI) and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) on the postoperative outcome in elderly patients with fragile cardiac function undergoing gastrointestinal surgery. Methods: Ninety patients with fragile cardiac function, aged 65-90 years old, ASAⅡ or Ⅲ, NYHA Ⅱor Ⅲ, scheduled for abdominal surgery were enrolled in this study.The patients were randomly assigned to two groups: Experience anesthesia group (group E, n=45) and goal-directed hemodynamic management group (G group, n=45)...
November 22, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903288/untangling-the-transmission-dynamics-of-primary-and-secondary-vectors-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-in-colombia-parasite-infection-feeding-sources-and-discrete-typing-units
#4
Carolina Hernández, Camilo Salazar, Helena Brochero, Aníbal Teherán, Luz Stella Buitrago, Mauricio Vera, Hugo Soto, Zulibeth Florez-Rivadeneira, Sussane Ardila, Gabriel Parra-Henao, Juan David Ramírez
BACKGROUND: Trypanosoma cruzi is the causative agent of Chagas disease. Due to its genetic diversity has been classified into six Discrete Typing Units (DTUs) in association with transmission cycles. In Colombia, natural T. cruzi infection has been detected in 15 triatomine species. There is scarce information regarding the infection rates, DTUs and feeding preferences of secondary vectors. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine T. cruzi infection rates, parasite DTU, ecotopes, insect stages, geographical location and bug feeding preferences across six different triatomine species...
December 1, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895350/age-estimation-of-a-sample-of-pakistani-population-using-coronal-pulp-cavity-index-in-molars-and-premolars-on-orthopantomogram
#5
Sheikh Bilal Badar, Robia Ghafoor, Farhan Raza Khan, Muhammad Hasan Hameed
The aim of the present study was to assess the validity of tooth-coronal index (TCI) in the age estimation. This retrospective charts review was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi from January 2016 to March 2016, and comprised 315 teeth of 80 individuals. The teeth were analysed on Orthopantomogram. TCI was calculated for unrestored mandibular premolars and molars. Pearson\\\'s correlation was applied to assess correlation between chronological age and TCI. Besides, 30(37.5%) subjects were male and 50(62...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876646/outcome-of-oral-infection-in-mice-inoculated-with-trypanosoma-cruzi-iv-of-the-western-brazilian-amazon
#6
Ana Paula Margioto Teston, Ana Paula de Abreu, Camila Piva Abegg, Mônica Lúcia Gomes, Max Jean de Ornelas Toledo
A new epidemiological view of American trypanosomiasis or Chagas disease has been formulated in recent decades. Oral transmission of the etiological agent of Chagas disease, Trypanosoma cruzi, has been the most common form of transmission. The T. cruzi discrete typing units TcI and TcIV have been involved in tens outbreaks of acute cases of Chagas disease in the Brazilian Amazon region. We investigated the intensity of infection in mice that were orally inoculated (OR group) with four strains of TcIV that were isolated from two outbreaks of acute Chagas disease that was orally acquired in the state of Amazonas, Brazil...
November 19, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867133/fiberoptic-bronchoscopy-and-remifentanil-target-controlled-infusion-in-critically-ill-patients-with-acute-hypoxaemic-respiratory-failure-a-descriptive-study
#7
Saïda Rezaiguia-Delclaux, Florent Laverdure, Talna Kortchinsky, Léa Lemasle, Audrey Imbert, François Stéphan
INTRODUCTION: Sedation optimizes patient comfort and ease of execution during fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB). Our objective was to describe the safety and efficacy of remifentanil-TCI during FOB in non-intubated, hypoxaemic, thoracic-surgery ICU patients. METHODS: Consecutive spontaneously breathing adults requiring FOB after thoracic surgery were included if they had hypoxaemia (PaO2/FiO2 < 300mmHg or need for non-invasive ventilation [NIV]) and prior FOB failure under topical anaesthesia...
November 17, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852079/propofol-and-remifentanil-sedation-for-bronchial-thermoplasty-a-prospective-cohort-trial
#8
Julia N S d'Hooghe, Susanne Eberl, Jouke T Annema, Peter I Bonta
BACKGROUND: Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a rapidly emerging bronchoscopic treatment for patients with moderate-to-severe asthma. Different sedation strategies are currently used, ranging from mild midazolam sedation to general anesthesia requiring tracheal intubation. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility, safety, and both patients' and bronchoscopists' satisfaction with propofol and remifentanil sedation administered by specialized sedation anesthesiology nurses during BT in severe asthma patients...
November 17, 2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846858/lineage-specific-serology-confirms-brazilian-atlantic-forest-lion-tamarins-leontopithecus-chrysomelas-and-leontopithecus-rosalia-as-reservoir-hosts-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-ii-tcii
#9
Charlotte L Kerr, Tapan Bhattacharyya, Samanta C C Xavier, Juliana H Barros, Valdirene S Lima, Ana M Jansen, Michael A Miles
BACKGROUND: Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of Chagas disease in humans, has a vast reservoir of mammalian hosts in the Americas, and is classified into six genetic lineages, TcI-TcVI, with a possible seventh, TcBat. Elucidating enzootic cycles of the different lineages is important for understanding the ecology of this parasite, the emergence of new outbreaks of Chagas disease and for guiding control strategies. Direct lineage identification by genotyping is hampered by limitations of parasite isolation and culture...
November 15, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829476/murine-models-susceptibility-to-distinct-trypanosoma-cruzi-i-genotypes-infection
#10
Cielo M León, Marleny Montilla, Ricardo Vanegas, Maria Castillo, Edgar Parra, Juan David Ramírez
Chagas disease is a complex zoonosis that affects around 8 million people worldwide. This pathology is caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, a kinetoplastid parasite that shows tremendous genetic diversity evinced in six distinct Discrete Typing Units (TcI-TcVI) including a recent genotype named as TcBat and associated with anthropogenic bats. TcI presents a broad geographical distribution and has been associated with chronic cardiomyopathy. Recent phylogenetic studies suggest the existence of two genotypes (Domestic (TcIDom) and sylvatic TcI) within TcI...
November 10, 2016: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810653/cortical-excitability-in-tramadol-dependent-patients-a-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-study
#11
Eman M Khedr, Romany H Gabra, Mostafa Noaman, Noha Abo Elfetoh, Hanan S M Farghaly
BACKGROUND: Addiction to tramadol, a widely used analgesic, is becoming increasingly common. Tramadol can also induce seizures even after a single clinical dose. We tested whether the epileptogenicity of tramadol was associated with any changes in cortical excitability and inhibitory transmission using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). METHODS: The study included 16 tramadol dependent patients and 15 age and sex matched healthy volunteers. Clinical evaluation was conducted using an addiction severity index...
December 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810546/is-gambling-disorder-associated-with-impulsivity-traits-measured-by-the-upps-p-and-is-this-association-moderated-by-sex-and-age
#12
Lamprini G Savvidou, Ana B Fagundo, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Roser Granero, Laurence Claes, Núria Mallorquí-Baqué, Antonio Verdejo-García, Howard Steiger, Mimi Israel, Laura Moragas, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Zaida Agüera, Iris Tolosa-Sola, Melania La Verde, Eugenio Aguglia, José M Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia
OBJECTIVES: Impulsivity is a construct that is strongly associated with Gambling Disorder (GD). The main objectives in the present study are: 1) to explore the role of sex and age on impulsivity levels in GD patients; 2) to identify the relationship of the different impulsivity facets with comorbid psychopathology and other personality traits in GD patients; and (3) to assess whether impulsivity is a predictor for the severity of GD. METHOD: The final sample consisted of 406 consecutive participants...
January 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792226/magneto-conductance-characteristics-of-trapped-triplet-polaron-and-triplet-trapped-polaron-interactions-in-anthracene-based-organic-light-emitting-diodes
#13
Weiyao Jia, Qiusong Chen, Yingbing Chen, Lixiang Chen, Zuhong Xiong
The effects of a magnetic field on the dissociation of triplet excitons by free charges (TCI) are well understood. However, the magneto-conductance (MC) characteristics of trapped triplet-polaron interactions (TtPI) and triplet-trapped polaron interactions (TPtI) within organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) are not well understood. We have studied these interactions in an anthracene-based OLED. The electroluminescence spectra, current-voltage characteristics and magneto-electroluminescence indicated that the anthracene layer contained many defects that could trap either triplet excitons or polarons, which led to TPtI and TtPI...
October 28, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785031/personality-features-dissociation-self-stigma-hope-and-the-complex-treatment-of-depressive-disorder
#14
Jan Prasko, Marie Ociskova, Ales Grambal, Zuzana Sigmundova, Petra Kasalova, Marketa Marackova, Michaela Holubova, Kristyna Vrbova, Klara Latalova, Milos Slepecky
OBJECTIVE: Identifying the predictors of response to psychiatric and psychotherapeutic treatments may be useful for increasing treatment efficacy in pharmacoresistant depressive patients. The goal of this study was to examine the influence of dissociation, hope, personality trait, and selected demographic factors in treatment response of this group of patients. METHODS: Pharmacoresistant depressive inpatients were enrolled in the study. All patients completed Clinical Global Impression - both objective and subjective form (CGI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) at baseline and after 6 weeks of combined pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy (group cognitive-behavioral or group psychodynamic) treatment as an outcome measures...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782872/the-influence-of-depression-on-personality-traits-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-a-case-control-study
#15
Daniela M Santos, Laís V Lage, Eleonora K Jabur, Helena H S Kaziyama, Dan V Iosifescu, Mara Cristina S De Lucia, Renério Fráguas
OBJECTIVES: We developed this study to investigate the association of fibromyalgia with personality traits, controlling for depression and other potential confounders. METHODS: We assessed personality traits with the Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) in 78 female patients with fibromyalgia and in a control group of 78 subjects without fibromyalgia. The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview was used to assess depression and anxiety diagnoses...
October 20, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778533/quality-of-life-clinical-outcome-personality-and-coping-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients
#16
Giuseppina D'Onofrio, Mariadelina Simeoni, Paolo Rizza, Mariarita Caroleo, Maria Capria, Giovanni Mazzitello, Tiziana Sacco, Elena Mazzuca, Maria Teresa Panzino, Annamaria Cerantonio, Cristina Segura-Garcia, Michele Andreucci, Pasquale De Fazio, Giorgio Fuiano
RATIONAL: Our aim was to investigate the quality of life (QoL) in 103 patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis (HD) in an integrated assessment of clinical, personological, and adaptation parameters, also in a non-urban context. OBJECTIVES: We collected data from all chronic HD patients attending four HD units. Clinical status was assessed by Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) guidelines and by Age-adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index (ACCI). Patients completed the following questionnaires: Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form (KDQOL-SF), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
October 25, 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770761/pre-exposure-to-faeces-or-saliva-of-triatoma-dimidiata-decreases-parasitemia-in-mice-challenged-with-trypanosoma-cruzi-a-description-of-the-inflammatory-reaction-at-the-inoculation-site
#17
Victor Monteon, Enrique Quen-Rámirez, Veronica Macedo-Reyes, Ruth Lopez, Karla Acosta-Viana, Pamela Pennigton, Angel Ramos-Ligonio
Under natural conditions, Trypanosoma cruzi infection is transmitted to mammals when faeces contaminated with metacyclic trypomastigotes gain access through skin lesions, mucosa or bite wounds. Natural infection of bugs with T. cruzi can vary greatly from less than 1% up to 70%, depending on triatomine species: in the case of Triatoma dimidiata, the percentage of infection is around 30%. In this work uses biological fluids (saliva and faeces) from Triatoma dimidiata to inoculate experimental animals once or multiple times, before inoculation with faeces contaminated with metacyclic trypomastigotes discrete type unit Ia (TcI)...
October 1, 2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757997/determination-of-the-normal-reference-interval-for-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-amh-in-bitches-and-use-of-amh-as-a-potential-predictor-of-litter-size
#18
F K Hollinshead, C Walker, D W Hanlon
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a reliable endocrine marker of ovarian reserve in many species with extensive literature in both humans and cattle. However, there are no known hormonal predictors of ovarian reserve and potential reproductive performance in the bitch. A prospective cohort study was performed involving 155 intact bitches of various ages (range 1.2-7.6 years) and breeds that were presented for routine breeding management over a one-year period. All bitches were artificially inseminated with frozen or fresh semen using the transcervical insemination (TCI) technique...
October 18, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740926/anxiety-and-depression-mediate-the-role-of-low-self-esteem-and-low-self-directedness-in-the-development-of-eating-disorders
#19
Matteo Aloi, Cristina Segura-García
OBJECTIVE: Low self-esteem and low self-directedness (SD) are considered a risk factor for the development of eating disorders (EDs). The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that low self-esteem and low SD lead to a higher risk for EDs through the mediation of anxiety and depression. METHODS: Seventy-seven female teenagers answered the Eating Disorder Inventory 3 (EDI-3), the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale (IUS), the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), and the State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R)...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737365/trend-of-traumatic-crown-injuries-and-associated-factors-in-preschool-children
#20
Bernardo Antonio Agostini, Lisara Tosatto Pinto, Mariangélica Koehler, Bruno Emmanuelli, Chaiana Piovesan, Thiago Machado Ardenghi
The aim of this study was to assess trends in traumatic crown injuries (TCIs), their prevalence, and association with socioeconomic and clinical factors in preschool children over a 5-year period. A series of cross-sectional surveys was conducted in Santa Maria, Brazil, on children attending a National Day of Children's Vaccination. The same protocol was used in all surveys conducted in 2008, 2010, and 2013. Clinical examinations were performed to evaluate types of traumatic crown injuries using the O'brien index...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
keyword
keyword
1010
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"