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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444791/trialling-nutrient-recommendations-for-slow-lorises-nycticebus-spp-based-on-wild-feeding-ecology
#1
F Cabana, E Dierenfeld, W Wirdateti, G Donati, K A I Nekaris
Slow loris (Nycticebus spp.) captive diets have been based on routine and anecdotes rather than scientific fact. The growing body of evidence contradicts the high fruit diet supported by such anecdotes. Non-human primate nutrient requirements are grouped into new (based on the common marmoset Callithrix jacchus) or old world (based on rhesus macaques Macaca mulatta) primates. Slow lorises are known to suffer from many health ailments in captivity such as dental disease, obesity, wasting and kidney issues all of which have been linked to diet...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441987/hypersensitivity-to-biomedical-implants-prevention-and-diagnosis
#2
Gregory A Rosner, Luz S Fonacier
BACKGROUND: There has been growing interest in the potential for adverse immunologic reactions to metals in biomedical devices and increasing referrals for the evaluation and management of metal hypersensitivity reactions reported in orthopedic, cardiac, gynecologic, and dental implant devices. However, there are few studies that give evidence-based recommendations on how to evaluate this issue in our practices. METHODS: We reviewed reasonable evidence and expert opinion on biomedical device hypersensitivity and published guidelines on pre- and postimplantation evaluation of delayed hypersensitivity reactions in patients suspected of possible metal hypersensitivity to biomedical devices...
May 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439324/contemporary-diagnostic-imaging-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-review-of-literature
#3
REVIEW
Paulina Pałasz, Łukasz Adamski, Magdalena Górska-Chrząstek, Anna Starzyńska, Michał Studniarek
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common cancer of the oral cavity and constitutes 95% of all cancers of this area. Men are affected twice as commonly as women, primarily if they are over 50 years of age. Forty percent of the lesions are localized in the tongue and 30% in the floor of the oral cavity. OSCC often affects upper and lower gingiva, buccal mucous membrane, the retromolar triangle and the palate. The prognosis is poor and the five-year survival rate ranges from 20% (OSCC in the floor of the mouth) to 60% (OSCC in the alveolar part of the mandible)...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438229/energy-drinks-available-in-ireland-a-description-of-caffeine-and-sugar-content
#4
Laura Keaver, Susannah Gilpin, Joana Caldeira Fernandes da Silva, Claire Buckley, Cliodhna Foley-Nolan
OBJECTIVE: To describe the caffeine and sugar content of all energy drinks available on the island of Ireland. DESIGN: Two retail outlets were selected from each of: multinational, convenience and discount stores in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, and all available single-serve energy drinks were purchased. The cross-sectional survey was conducted in February 2015 and brand name, price, volume, caffeine and sugar content were recorded for each product...
April 25, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431686/adm-guidance-ceramics-all-ceramic-multilayer-interfaces-in-dentistry
#5
Ulrich Lohbauer, Susanne S Scherrer, Alvaro Della Bona, Michael Tholey, Richard van Noort, Alessandro Vichi, J Robert Kelly, Paulo F Cesar
This guidance document describes the specific issues involved in dental multilayer ceramic systems. The material interactions with regard to specific thermal and mechanical properties are reviewed and the characteristics of dental tooth-shaped processing parameters (sintering, geometry, thickness ratio, etc.) are discussed. Several techniques for the measurement of bond quality and residual stresses are presented with a detailed discussion of advantages and disadvantages. In essence no single technique is able to describe adequately the all-ceramic interface...
April 18, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429488/interdisciplinary-periodontics-the-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-planning-and-treatment-of-complex-cases
#6
REVIEW
Karl M Lyons, Ivan Darby
Periodontics cannot be practiced in isolation as frequently many patients have multiple dental needs or medical health issues requiring management. In addition, pathology may manifest in the periodontal tissues, and the onset and progression of periodontitis can be affected by systemic conditions, such as diabetes, and vice versa. The focus of this volume of Periodontology 2000 is interdisciplinary periodontics, and the articles included discuss the interactions and the interrelationshipbetween periodontal tissues/periodontal diseases and endodontics, fixed prosthodontics, implant dentistry, esthetics, gerodontology, radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, special needs dentistry and general medicine...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428592/antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-infective-endocarditis-some-rarely-addressed-issues
#7
R Pippi
Although quite consistent indications on antibiotic prophylaxis for infective endocarditis (IE) have been reported internationally, several common dental practice issues are still not clear: which dental procedures require antibiotic prophylaxis? In the case of multiple procedures can the same antibiotic be used? How can dentists identify high-risk conditions for IE? Do dentists verify patient antibiotic intake? What are the requirements of antibiotic prophylaxis in cases of coexistence of diseases which involve host defence impairment? What are the modalities of second choice drug administration? And finally, are chlorhexidine mouthwashes before dental procedures combined with antibiotics useful or not? Uncertainty also persists as far as the real need for prophylaxis is concerned and although several sources have suggested that a wide prospective randomised controlled study may be the definitive solution, problems exist in performing such a study...
April 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425209/identification-of-dynamic-load-for-prosthetic-structures
#8
Dequan Zhang, Xu Han, Zhongpu Zhang, Jie Liu, Chao Jiang, Nobuhiro Yoda, Xianghua Meng, Qing Li
Dynamic load exists in numerous biomechanical systems and its identification signifies a critical issue for characterizing dynamic behaviors and studying biomechanical consequence of the systems. This study aims to identify dynamic load in the dental prosthetic structures, namely three-unit implant-supported fixed partial denture (I-FPD) and teeth-supported fixed partial denture (T-FPD). The three-dimensional (3D) finite element (FE) models were constructed through patient's computerized tomography (CT) images...
April 20, 2017: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419459/how-can-we-restrict-the-sale-of-sports-and-energy-drinks-to-children
#9
REVIEW
Gillian Jean
High sugar drinks (HSD) including fruit drinks, soft drinks, sports drinks, and energy drinks, are of no nutritional value and contribute to the burden of dental disease in all age groups. The manufacturers of sports and energy drinks have elected to target children in their marketing campaigns and promote a misleading association between their products, healthy lifestyles and sporting prowess. The WHO has acknowledged that strategies aimed at prevention of dental disease are the only economically viable options for managing the oral health of children in low and middle income countries...
April 17, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415466/effect-of-lubricant-on-the-reliability-of-dental-implant-abutment-screw-joint-an-in-vitro-laboratory-and-three-dimension-finite-element-analysis
#10
Tingting Wu, Hongyi Fan, Ruiyang Ma, Hongyu Chen, Zhi Li, Haiyang Yu
Biomechanical factors play a key role in the success of dental implants. Fracture and loosening of abutment screws are major issues. This study investigated the effect of lubricants on the stability of dental implant-abutment connection. As lubricants, graphite and vaseline were coated on the abutment screw surface, respectively, and a blank without lubricant served as the control. The total friction coefficient (μtot), clamping force, fatigue behavior and detorque of the joint combined with dynamic cyclic loading were measured under different lubricating conditions...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410514/age-estimation-in-adults-by-dental-imaging-assessment-systematic-review
#11
T Y Marroquin, S Karkhanis, S I Kvaal, S Vasudavan, E Kruger, M Tennant
IMPORTANCE: The need to rely on proper, simple, and accurate methods for age estimation in adults is still a world-wide issue. It has been well documented that teeth are more resistant than bones to the taphonomic processes, and that the use of methods for age estimation based on dental imaging assessment are not only less invasive than those based on osseous analysis, but also have shown similar or superior accuracy in adults. OBJECTIVES: To summarise the results of some of the recently most recently cited methods for dental age estimation in adults, based on odontometric dental imaging analysis, to establish which is more accurate, accessible, and simple...
March 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406130/is-the-periodontal-status-a-risk-factor-for-the-development-of-psoriasis
#12
G Sarac, Y Kapicioglu, S Cayli, A Altas, S Yologlu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psoriasis is a common, chronic, inflammatory, and hyperproliperative skin disease. It has been known that the infectious agents play a role in triggering and exacerbation of the disease. Periodontal diseases are chronic inflammatory gum diseases initiated by microorganisms in dental plaques. This study intended to determine the role of periodontal diseases, as chronic infective foci in psoriasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 76 patients, who applied to Faculty of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, İnönü University, diagnosed as psoriasis and a control group consisting of 76 dermatologic patients without any systemic disease at similar age and gender were included the study...
April 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400075/review-of-general-dental-council-and-general-medical-council-fitness-to-practise-hearings-related-to-maxillofacial-surgery
#13
R Taylor, M H Ali, T E Howe, I Varley
Dually-registered specialists in oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) may be subject to disciplinary hearings by the General Medical Council (GMC) and the General Dental Council (GDC) for the same allegations, a phenomenon referred to as "double jeopardy" within the specialty. Previous efforts by both councils to simplify regulatory arrangements have made little progress. We have therefore reviewed the range and scope of fitness to practise (FTP) proceedings relevant to OMFS. We searched the online GMC register to find registered OMFS specialists and obtained FTP proceedings from 2004-2016 through a Freedom of Information request from the GDC...
April 8, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399461/measurement-of-open-apices-in-tooth-roots-in-colombian-children-as-a-tool-for-human-identification-in-asylum-and-criminal-proceedings
#14
REVIEW
Marcela Rivera, Stefano De Luca, Lina Aguilar, Luz Andrea Velandia Palacio, Ivan Galić, Roberto Cameriere
Dental age estimation was recognized as an imperative issue in clinical and medico-legal practice. However, very few studies on dental age estimation in children have been published in Colombia. This study evaluated the accuracy of Cameriere's method of measurement of open apices on tooth roots in a sample of 526 digital panoramic radiographs (OPTs) of children (274 boys and 252 girls), aged between 6 and 14 years, from Bogotá, Valle del Cauca, Buga and Villavicencio, in Southwest Colombia. Only first seven permanent lower teeth, except third molar, from the left side of mandible were studied...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394247/erratum
#15
(no author information available yet)
In the 42(5), October 2016, issue of Journal of Oral Implantology, the article titled, "Accuracy of Dynamic Navigation for Dental Implant Placement-Model-Based Evaluation," by Robert W. Emery, Scott A. Merritt, Kathryn Lank, and Jason D. Gibbs was published with an incomplete Acknowledgment. The correct Acknowledgment statement is as follows: "This work was conducted using a grant provided by X-Nav Technologies, LLC. Robert W. Emery is the Chief Medical Officer of X-Nav Technologies, LLC, and has an equity interest in X-Nav Technologies, LLC...
April 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387272/guidelines-on-the-timing-and-frequency-of-bitewing-radiography-a-systematic-review
#16
T L Goodwin, H Devlin, A M Glenny, L O'Malley, K Horner
Objectives To identify guidelines on when and how frequently bitewing radiographs should be used in dentistry for the diagnosis of caries, and to provide an objective appraisal of their quality.Data sources MEDLINE (OVID), US National Guideline Clearinghouse (www.guideline.gov) and the Royal College of Surgeons of England (https://www.rcseng.ac.uk/fds/publications-clinical-guidelines/clinical_guidelines) websites were searched using a variety of relevant search terms (2 August 2016).Data selection Publications were included if they made recommendations on the issue of when and how frequently radiographs should be used in any dentally-related specialty pertaining to the diagnosis of caries; and/or if they were aimed at the individual practitioner (any health professional working within dentistry) and/or patients...
April 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380347/oral-health-care-behavior-and-frailty-related-factors-in-a-care-dependent-older-population
#17
Dominique Niesten, Dick Witter, Ewald Bronkhorst, Nico Creugers
OBJECTIVES: To assess, in older people with different levels of care-dependency 1) which frailty- and non-frailty related predisposing, enabling and need factors are associated with a) dental service use (DSU) frequency, b) changed DSU after the onset of care-dependency, c) brushing frequency, and d) changed brushing frequency since the onset of care-dependency; and 2) if unfavorable oral health care behavior is related to unfavorable oral health outcomes. METHODS: Bivariate analyses and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate data from 126 Dutch care-dependent people aged≥65 on oral and general health, psychological and social issues...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377661/awareness-of-lebanese-pediatricians-regarding-children-s-oral-health
#18
Nahla Nassif, Balsam Noueiri, Riad Bacho, Kassem Kassak
Pediatricians have an important role in early identification and prevention of oral health, but they reported lack of knowledge in this field. AIM: the aim of the study is to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of Lebanese pediatricians regarding children's oral health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional study including 100 Lebanese pediatricians was performed. They answered 21 questions. Three variables were taken into consideration: The number of years in practice, the place and type of practice...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374441/applying-wet-sieving-fecal-particle-size-measurement-to-frugivores-a-case-study-of-the-eastern-chimpanzee-pan-troglodytes-schweinfurthii
#19
Taylor E Weary, Richard W Wrangham, Marcus Clauss
OBJECTIVES: Fecal particle size (FPS) as quantified by wet sieving analysis is a measure of chewing efficiency relevant for the understanding of physiological adaptations and constraints in herbivores. FPS has not been investigated systematically in frugivores, and important methodological problems remain. In particular, food items that are not chewed may skew estimates of FPS. We address such methodological issues and also assess the influence of diet type and age on FPS in wild chimpanzees...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370974/perceptions-of-oral-health-by-those-living-with-mental-illnesses-in-the-victorian-community-the-consumer-s-perspective
#20
H D Ho, J Satur, R Meldrum
OBJECTIVE: To understand the way people living with mental illness in an Australian community experience and define oral health. STUDY POPULATION: People living with serious mental illness in the Victorian Community. METHODS: Qualitative methodologies were used in this study. Two focus groups and four semi-structured interviews were conducted. The data were transcribed and thematically analysed. RESULTS: Participants generally valued oral health and recognized that attending regular dental appointments played a key role in improving their oral health...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
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