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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151064/the-oral-cavity-potential-source-of-stem-cells
#1
Rafał Brożek, Maciej Kurpisz, Ryszard Koczorowski
The purpose of this review is to present the current knowledge regarding the hierarchy of stem cells originating from the oral cavity, which could have a potential value when applied to regenerative stomatology. It must be particularly emphasized that the heterogenous nature of its biology and function within oral compartment may predispose them to different types of applications. Stem cells can be perceived as immature, primitive and unspecialized types of cells with the ability to proliferate, self-renew and differentiate into specialized progeny according to the compartmental signaling...
October 19, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135328/when-the-solution-becomes-a-problem-an-educational-discussion
#2
Gustavo Frainer Barbosa
Presenting patients with the opportunity to restore their smiles using dental implants, which is a reliable and widely accepted technique, is highly recommended. Therefore, a correct clinical judgment and a, consequently, dental implant treatment planning is a central component of a good practice of implant dentistry. Moreover, to the oral clinician be able to make better decisions and reach a more accurate clinical judgment, it is necessary continuing professional development being, this development, an essential professional activity for dentists that intend planning implant treatments...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132069/risk-factors-for-tooth-loss-in-middle-and-older-age-after-up-to-10-years-an-observational-cohort-study
#3
Alexander Jochen Hassel, Volkan Safaltin, Sabine Grill, Johannes Schröder, Hans-Werner Wahl, Anna-Luisa Klotz, Edriss Habibi, Peter Rammelsberg, Andreas Zenthöfer
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to identify risk factors for tooth loss in two birth cohorts, quinquagenarians and septuagenarians, after up to 10 years of clinical observation. DESIGN: One hundred and twenty-three participants were recruited from the Interdisciplinary Study of Adult Development (ILSE) and examined at baseline and up to 10 years after. Thirty-nine and 84 participants belonged to the older (OC; born in 1930/32) cohort and younger (YC; born in 1950/52) cohort, respectively...
November 6, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122066/oral-and-dental-aspects-of-child-abuse-and-neglect
#4
Susan A Fisher-Owens, James L Lukefahr, Anupama Rao Tate
In all 50 states, health care providers (including dentists) are mandated to report suspected cases of abuse and neglect to social service or law enforcement agencies. The purpose of this report is to review the oral and dental aspects of physical and sexual abuse and dental neglect in children and the role of pediatric care providers and dental providers in evaluating such conditions. This report addresses the evaluation of bite marks as well as perioral and intraoral injuries, infections, and diseases that may raise suspicion for child abuse or neglect...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119741/supervised-toothbrushing-programs-in-primary-schools-and-early-childhood-settings-a-scoping-review
#5
V Dickson-Swift, A Kenny, M Gussy, A M de Silva, J Farmer, S Bracksley-O'Grady
OBJECTIVE: In this article we report the findings of a scoping review that aimed to identify and summarise the range of programs and guidelines available for toothbrushing programs in schools and early childhood settings. Dental caries is one of the most common preventable diseases affecting children worldwide. Untreated caries can impact on child health and wellbeing, development, socialisation and school attendance. Supervised toothbrushing programs in schools and other early childhood settings can be effective in improving the oral health of young children...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118276/factors-associated-with-the-economic-sustainability-of-the-registered-dental-hygienist-in-alternative-practice
#6
Sara L Coppola, Danielle Furgeson, Margherita Fontana, Janet S Kinney, Anne E Gwozdek
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate key factors associated with the economic sustainability of the Registered Dental Hygienist in Alternative Practice (RDHAP).Methods: An invitation to participate in a 38-question electronic survey was sent via postal mail to 440 RDHAP licentiate addressees obtained through the Dental Hygiene Committee of California (DHCC). Legal restrictions did not allow for obtaining the RDHAP licentiate email addresses from the DHCC. The survey was disseminated via email to the 254 RDHAPs who were members of the California Dental Hygienists' Association...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118151/vietnamese-oral-health-beliefs-and-practices-impact-on-the-utilization-of-western-preventive-oral-health-care
#7
Kim Yen T Nguyen, Dianne L Smallidge, Linda D Boyd, Lori Rainchuso
Purpose: Infrequent use of the Western health care by the Vietnamese may be explained by deeply-rooted traditional oral health beliefs and practices unique to the Asian culture. This study investigated Vietnamese oral health beliefs and practices and their relationship to the utilization of Western preventive oral health care services among Vietnamese-Americans.Methods: An exploratory, cross-sectional survey design with a convenience sample of 140 par-ticipants (n = 140) was used for this study. Participants were recruited on site of a Vietnamese-owned business, with questionnaires consisting of 28 questions that were distributed in hard copy by the principal investigator (PI) on multiple occasions and at various times of the day...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118145/access-to-oral-health-care-a-national-crisis-and-call-for-reform
#8
Catherine H Bersell
Purpose: According to the report Healthy People 2020, oral health is integral to overall health and access to dental services is essential to promoting and maintaining good oral health. Yet, those who need dental care the most are often the least likely to receive it. The dental hygiene profession is poised to play a pivotal role in the resolution of oral health disparities. The purpose of this manuscript is to examine the critical issue of access to oral health care in the United States from various perspectives and consider potential implications for dental professionals and the oral health care system...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118082/health-literacy-approaches-to-improving-communication-between-dental-hygienists-and-patients-for-hpv-related-oral-cancer-prevention
#9
Erika L Thompson, Ellen M Daley, Cheryl A Vamos, Alice M Horowitz, Frank A Catalanotto, Rita D DeBate, Laura K Merrell, Stacey B Griner, Coralia Vazquez-Otero, Nolan S Kline
Purpose: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) has been identified as a causal agent for oropharyngeal cancers, suggesting a new role for dental hygienists in HPV-related cancer prevention strategies. Health literacy assessment is an approach that can be used to understand providers' informational assets and needs for educating and discussing HPV prevention with patients. This study aimed to understand dental hygienists' level of health literacy regarding HPV-related oropharyngeal cancers.Methods: Four focus group sessions with dental hygienists (n=48) were conducted at a national conference...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118081/perceptions-of-dental-hygienists-and-dentists-about-preventing-early-childhood-caries-a-qualitative-study
#10
Alice M Horowitz, Dushanka V Kleinman, Wendy Child, Sarah D Radice, Catherine Maybury
Purpose: The objective of this qualitative pilot study was to gain an in-depth understanding of dental hygienists and dentists perspectives regarding children's oral health and what needs to be done to prevent early childhood caries (ECC), the most frequent chronic disease of childhood.Methods: A skilled facilitator conducted four focus groups and four phone interviews with 20 dental hygienists and 17 dentists practicing in a variety of locations within the state of Maryland. The interview guide was based on results from previous state-wide surveys of dental hygienists and dentists...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110635/a-modified-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-a-superficial-hypopharyngeal-cancer-a-case-report-and-technical-discussion
#11
Lianjun Di, Kuang-I Fu, Rui Xie, Xinglong Wu, Youfeng Li, Huichao Wu, Biguang Tuo
BACKGROUND: Adequate working space and a clear view for the dissected lesion are crucial for endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). Pharyngeal ESD requires that an otorhinolaryngologist creates working space by lifting the larynx with a curved laryngoscope. However, many countries do not have this kind of curved laryngoscope, and the devices could interfere with endoscope because of the narrow space of the pharynx. To overcome these issues, we used a transparent hood (Elastic Touch, slit and hole type, M (long), Top company, Tokyo Japan) instead of the curved laryngoscope to create adequate working space by pushing the larynx, and pharyngeal ESD could be done by gastroenterologists...
November 6, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109322/self-disinfecting-alginate-vs-conventional-alginate-effect-on-surface-hardness-of-gypsum-cast-an-in-vitro-study
#12
Ranjith Madhavan, Navia George, Niharika R Thummala, S V Ravi, Ajay Nagpal
INTRODUCTION: For the construction of any dental prosthesis, accurate impressions are necessary. Hence, we undertook the present study to evaluate and compare the surface hardness of gypsum casts poured from impressions made using conventional alginate and self-disinfecting alginate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 impressions of stainless steel die were made, out of which 15 impressions were made with conventional alginate and 15 were made with self-disinfecting alginate and poured using Type III dental stone...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080605/adjuncts-for-the-evaluation-of-potentially-malignant-disorders-in-the-oral-cavity-diagnostic-test-accuracy-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-a-report-of-the-american-dental-association
#13
REVIEW
Mark W Lingen, Malavika P Tampi, Olivia Urquhart, Elliot Abt, Nishant Agrawal, Anil K Chaturvedi, Ezra Cohen, Gypsyamber D'Souza, JoAnn Gurenlian, John R Kalmar, Alexander R Kerr, Paul M Lambert, Lauren L Patton, Thomas P Sollecito, Edmond Truelove, Laura Banfield, Alonso Carrasco-Labra
BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinoma is the most common manifestation of malignancy in the oral cavity. Adjuncts are available for clinicians to evaluate lesions that seem potentially malignant. In this systematic review, the authors summarized the available evidence on patient-important outcomes, diagnostic test accuracy (DTA), and patients' values and preferences (PVPs) when using adjuncts for the evaluation of clinically evident lesions in the oral cavity. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors searched for preexisting systematic reviews and assessed their quality using the Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews tool...
November 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077680/complications-from-surgically-assisted-rapid-maxillary-expansion-with-haas-and-hyrax-expanders
#14
Max Domingues Pereira, Alexandre Fukuzo Koga, Gabriela Pereira Ribeiro Prado, Lydia Masako Ferreira
The current study aimed at comparing the number and type of undesired outcomes during and after the maxillary expansion performed with HYRAX and HAAS expanders. A total of 90 patients (41 males and 49 females, 45.6% and 54.4%, respectively) aged 18 to 59 (mean age of 26.1; standard deviation [SD] = 7.4) underwent subtotal Le Fort I osteotomy and pterygomaxillary disjunction following surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) carried out using HAAS (n = 29; 48.3% male and 51.7% female; mean age = 27: SD = 7...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073339/autism-and-primary-care-dentistry-parents-experiences-of-taking-children-with-autism-or-working-diagnosis-of-autism-for-dental-examinations
#15
Nicole Thomas, Sharon Blake, Christopher Morris, David R Moles
BACKGROUND: Accessing and receiving preventative dental treatment can be difficult for children with autism due to sensory processing disorders and/or challenging behaviours coupled with a reported reluctance by dentists to treat these children. AIM: To gather dental experiences of UK parents of children with autism or working diagnosis of autism and explore how they feel primary care dental services can be improved. DESIGN: A total of 17 parents of children with a diagnosis or working diagnosis of autism took part in semi-structured interviews...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070156/born-into-addiction-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-and-pediatric-dentistry
#16
Jennifer L Cully
Drug overdose and opioid-involved deaths continue to increase across the United States. An end-condition related to opioid abuse is neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). The implications for pregnant or post-partum women using an opioid, whether prescribed or illicit, can have significant effects on their infant. First described in the 1970s, NAS is defined as a postnatal drug withdrawal syndrome that primarily occurs in opioid-exposed infants. There are no nationally accepted, evidence-based treatment protocols for these infants...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070149/use-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-for-dental-caries-management-in-children-and-adolescents-including-those-with-special-health-care-needs
#17
Yasmi O Crystal, Abdullah A Marghalani, Steven D Ureles, John Timothy Wright, Rosalyn Sulyanto, Kimon Divaris, Margherita Fontana, Laurel Graham
BACKGROUND: This manuscript presents evidence-based guidance on the use of 38 percent silver diamine fluoride (SDF) for dental caries management in children and adolescents, including those with special health care needs. A guideline workgroup formed by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry developed guidance and an evidence-based recommendation regarding the application of 38 percent SDF to arrest cavitated caries lesions in primary teeth. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The basis of the guideline's recommendation is evidence from an existing systematic review "Clinical trials of silver diamine fluoride in arresting caries among children: A systematic review...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059464/fluoride-supplementation-with-tablets-drops-lozenges-or-chewing-gum-in-pregnant-women-for-preventing-dental-caries-in-the-primary-teeth-of-their-children
#18
REVIEW
Rena Takahashi, Erika Ota, Keika Hoshi, Toru Naito, Yoshihiro Toyoshima, Hidemichi Yuasa, Rintaro Mori, Eishu Nango
BACKGROUND: Dental caries (tooth decay) is one of the most common chronic childhood diseases. Caries prevalence in most industrialised countries has declined among children over the past few decades. The probable reasons for the decline are the widespread use of fluoride toothpaste, followed by artificial water fluoridation, oral health education and a slight decrease in sugar consumption overall. However, in regions without water fluoridation, fluoride supplementation for pregnant women may be an effective way to increase fluoride intake during pregnancy...
October 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049951/the-mechanics-of-dental-occlusion-and-disclusion
#19
Thomas R Katona, George J Eckert
BACKGROUND: The mechanical environment associated with occluding teeth is the foundation for a wide range of research topics, clinical practice and dogma, product development and marketing, and medico-legal issues. The purpose of this study was to experimentally examine the relationships between occlusal factors and their impact on the associated contact forces. METHODS: Matching pairs of 0°, 20°, 33° and 40° cusp first molar denture teeth were placed into Class I, II and III molar relationships...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049315/analysis-of-the-interests-of-google-users-on-toothache-information
#20
Matheus Lotto, Patricia Estefania Ayala Aguirre, Daniela Rios, Maria Aparecida Andrade Moreira Machado, Agnes Fátima Pereira Cruvinel, Thiago Cruvinel
BACKGROUND: The knowledge on health interests of a given population of Internet users might contribute to the increase of evidence on community's dental needs, and consequently, to the improvement of public health planning. The frequency of searches for specific issues on Google can be analyzed by the application of Google Trends. AIM: In this study, we aimed to characterize the interests on toothache information of Google users from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia and Brazil...
2017: PloS One
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