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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337393/provision-of-information-on-dental-implant-treatment-patients-thoughts-and-experiences
#1
Wafa Ahmed Kashbour, Nikki S Rousseau, James Mark Thomason, Janice Sarah Ellis
OBJECTIVES: To explore patients' thoughts and perceptions of information provision regarding dental implant treatment. METHODS: This generic qualitative study involved 38 semi-structured face-to-face and telephone interviews with 34 participants, who were at different stages of dental implant treatment. The interviews were transcribed verbatim. The data collection and coding process followed the principles of qualitative thematic analysis. RESULTS: Clinical sources of information were generally trusted by patients; however, patients clearly lacked information relative to their own specific situation, concerns and preferences, and this may lead to patients' reliance on other general sources of information...
January 16, 2018: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326443/aesthetic-possibilities-in-removable-prosthodontics-part-1-the-aesthetic-spectrum-from-perfect-to-personal
#2
J N Besford, A F Sutton
Patients requiring dentures are getting older and as a result can be difficult to treat owing to various co-morbidities. This series of papers presents an overview of the processes involved in making removable dentures which the patient considers to be functionally and aesthetically successful. We hope not only to provide technical suggestions but also to address the issue of the clinician's, technician's and dental nurse's relationships with the dentally depleted patient. It is increasingly clear from defence organisation reports that this has a decisive effect on the success of this fundamentally difficult enterprise ('The only branch of dentistry in which you are trying to attach something to nothing' [Hubert Aïche])...
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318969/confronting-penetration-threshold-via-fluidic-terpenoid-nanovesicles
#3
Kamla Pathak, Ankur Vaidya, Vijay Sharma
BACKGROUND: Improvisation of the nanosized vesicular systems has led to a series of useful developments including the deformable vesicles namely transfersomes, ethosomes and invasomes. While the former two have been explored extensively, literature on invasomes is relatively scanty. METHOD: Invasomal formulations researched for various applications have been reviewed using search engine "Scopus". The present review focuses on the update on the research activity on effectiveness and permeation enhancing effects of invasomes for dermal and topical delivery...
January 8, 2018: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317951/parafunctional-behaviors-and-its-effect-on-dental-bridges
#4
REVIEW
Amal Alharby, Hanan Alzayer, Ahmed Almahlawi, Yazeed Alrashidi, Samaa Azhar, Maan Sheikho, Anas Alandijani, Amjad Aljohani, Manal Obied
Parafunctional behaviors, especially bruxism, are not uncommon among patient visiting dentists' clinics daily and they constitute a major dental issue for almost all dentists. Many researchers have focused on the definition, pathophysiology, and treatment of these behaviors. These parafunctional behaviors have a considerable negative impact on teeth and dental prothesis. In this review, we focused on the impact of parafunctional behaviors on dental bridges. We summarized the definitions, epidemiology, pathophysiology, and consequences of parafunctional behaviors...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316713/fungicidal-pmma-undecylenic-acid-composites
#5
Milica Petrović, Debora Bonvin, Heinrich Hofmann, Marijana Mionić Ebersold
Undecylenic acid (UA), known as antifungal agent, still cannot be used to efficiently modify commercial dental materials in such a way that this affects Candida. Actually, issues with Candida infections and fungal resistance compromise the use of Poly(methyl-methacrylate) (PMMA) as dental material. The challenge remains to turn PMMA into an antifugal material, which can ideally affect both sessile (attached) and planktonic (free-floating) Candida cells. We aimed to tackle this challenge by designing PMMA-UA composites with different UA concentrations (3-12%)...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310621/common-risk-indicators-for-oral-diseases-and-obesity-in-12-year-olds-a-south-pacific-cross-sectional-study
#6
Stéphanie Tubert-Jeannin, Hélène Pichot, Bernard Rouchon, Bruno Pereira, Martine Hennequin
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing need to prevent obesity and oral diseases in adolescents worldwide, few studies have investigated the link existing between these conditions and their common risk factors. This study aims to evaluate the oral health and weight status of New Caledonian Children (aged 6,9,12 years) and to identify, amongst 12-year-olds, risk indicators that may characterize the groups of children affected by oral diseases, obesity or both diseases. METHODS: This survey evaluated in 2011-2012 the oral health and stature-weight status and related risk indicators in a national representative sample of 6, 9 and 12 years-old children in New Caledonia...
January 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301562/technical-realization-of-a-sensorized-neonatal-intubation-skill-trainer-for-operators-retraining-and-a-pilot-study-for-its-validation
#7
Davide Panizza, Rosa T Scaramuzzo, Francesca Moscuzza, Ilaria Vannozzi, Massimiliano Ciantelli, Marzia Gentile, Ilaria Baldoli, Selene Tognarelli, Antonio Boldrini, Armando Cuttano
BACKGROUND: In neonatal endotracheal intubation, excessive pressure on soft tissues during laryngoscopy can determine permanent injury. Low-fidelity skill trainers do not give valid feedback about this issue. This study describes the technical realization and validation of an active neonatal intubation skill trainer providing objective feedback. METHODS: We studied expert health professionals' performances in neonatal intubation, underlining chance for procedure retraining...
January 4, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291254/supportive-periodontal-therapy-spt-for-maintaining-the-dentition-in-adults-treated-for-periodontitis
#8
REVIEW
Carolina Manresa, Elena C Sanz-Miralles, Joshua Twigg, Manuel Bravo
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is a bacterially-induced, chronic inflammatory disease that destroys the connective tissues and bone that support teeth. Active periodontal treatment aims to reduce the inflammatory response, primarily through eradication of bacterial deposits. Following completion of treatment and arrest of inflammation, supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) is employed to reduce the probability of re-infection and progression of the disease; to maintain teeth without pain, excessive mobility or persistent infection in the long term, and to prevent related oral diseases...
January 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290207/increased-risk-of-dental-issues-in-type-ii-diabetics
#9
Ramasamy Chidambaram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285853/development-and-validation-of-a-new-condition-specific-instrument-for-evaluation-of-smile-esthetics-related-quality-of-life
#10
Ema Saltovic, Vlatka Lajnert, Sabina Saltovic, Daniela Kovacevic Pavicic, Andrej Pavlic, Stjepan Spalj
OBJECTIVE: Orofacial esthetics raises psychosocial issues. The purpose was to create and validate new short instrument for psychosocial impacts of altered smile esthetics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A team of an orthodontist, two prosthodontists, psychologist, and a dental student generated items that could draw up specific hypothetical psychosocial dimensions (69 items initially, 39 in final analysis). The sample consisted of 261 Caucasian subjects attending local high schools and university (26% male) aged 14 to 28 years that have self-administrated the designed questionnaire...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284969/musculoskeletal-disorders-and-mental-health-related-issues-as-occupational-hazards-among-dental-practitioners-in-salem-city-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Vanita D Revankar, Yadav Chakravarthy, S Naveen, Arun Senthamil Selvan, Aarthi Ganapathy, A S Prasad
Background: Like in any other profession, dental surgeons are also afflicted by many occupational health hazards such as Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) and mental health related issues. Aims: To assess the distribution of MSD and mental health related issues amidst dentists in Salem City according to age, sex and number of working hours per week. Objectives: A survey was organized to check the rate of occurrence of these occupational health hazards among dental practitioners in Salem city...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284098/india-meets-the-challenge-and-goes-for-gold
#12
S T Grennell
This Editorial was initially printed in the March 2017 issue of the Indian Journal of Dental Research. They have graciously allowed us to reprint it here.
January 2018: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284075/atraumatic-restorative-treatment-versus-conventional-restorative-treatment-for-managing-dental-caries
#13
REVIEW
Mojtaba Dorri, Maria José Martinez-Zapata, Tanya Walsh, Valeria Cc Marinho, Aubrey Sheiham Deceased, Carlos Zaror
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is a sugar-dependent disease that damages tooth structure and, due to loss of mineral components, may eventually lead to cavitation. Dental caries is the most prevalent disease worldwide and is considered the most important burden of oral health. Conventional treatment methods (drill and fill) involve the use of rotary burs under local anaesthesia. The need for an electricity supply, expensive handpieces and highly trained dental health personnel may limit access to dental treatment, especially in underdeveloped regions...
December 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283896/biological-and-technical-complications-of-splinted-or-nonsplinted-dental-implants-a-decision-tree-for-selection
#14
Andrea Ravidà, Muhammad H A Saleh, Miguel Carreño Muriel, Bartosz Maska, Hom-Lay Wang
PURPOSE: To present an in-depth review on splinting versus nonsplinting the restorations of adjacent dental implants, in addition to discussing biological and technical complications associated with either choice; and to provide the clinician with a decision tree that serves in everyday judgments when it comes to addressing this issue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was performed for articles comparing success of splinted versus nonsplinted dental implants...
December 27, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274083/different-views-of-dentists-and-general-medical-practitioners-on-dental-care-for-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-and-coronary-heart-diseases-results-of-a-questionnaire-based-survey-in-a-district-of-germany
#15
Dirk Ziebolz, Lucie Reiss, Gerhard Schmalz, Felix Krause, Rainer Haak, Rainer F Mausberg
BACKGROUND: The aim of this questionnaire-based study was to evaluate the views of dentists (Ds) and general medical practitioners (GPs) on different aspects of dental care for patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) or coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS: Reliable and comparable questionnaires for Ds and GPs, with 23 questions, were sent to 1,000 randomly selected Ds and 1,000 randomly selected GPs. Questions were asked about patients with DM or CHD regarding their dental care and potentially related issues (e...
December 22, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261853/metal-free-materials-for-fixed-prosthodontic-restorations
#16
REVIEW
Carlo E Poggio, Carlo Ercoli, Lorena Rispoli, Carlo Maiorana, Marco Esposito
BACKGROUND: Fixed prosthodontic treatment (crowns, fixed dental prostheses (FDPs), complete arch prostheses) involves the use of several different materials to replace missing tooth structure. Traditionally full metal or metal frameworks veneered with ceramic (metal-ceramic (MC)) have been used. In recent years several different metal-free systems have become available to clinicians and patients. In general, metal-free restorations should allow practitioners to better reproduce natural tooth colour, avoiding shortcomings of MC restorations...
December 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260760/-gender-related-preferences-in-the-choice-of-methods-for-aesthetic-and-functional-rehabilitation-in-dentistry
#17
E G Margaryan, Yu O Paramonov
The aim of the study was to assess gender-related preferences in the choice of oral rehabilitation methods. The study involved 225 patients aged 16-75. The analysis included patients survey and the assessment of actual procedures received during one year follow-up. The study revealed women to be more attentive to oral health issues resulting in more regular appointments and better compliance. Dental treatment before planned pregnancy was, however, completed in only half of the patients. When choosing materials and constructions for oral rehabilitation the leading criteria for men were 'quality' and 'safety', while women chose 'esthetics' and 'quality'...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260447/a-review-of-global-outlook-on-fluoride-contamination-in-groundwater-with-prominence-on-the-pakistan-current-situation
#18
REVIEW
Atta Rasool, Abida Farooqi, Tangfu Xiao, Waqar Ali, Sifat Noor, Oyebamiji Abiola, Salar Ali, Wajid Nasim
Several million people are exposed to fluoride (F-) via drinking water in the world. Current review emphasized the elevated level of fluoride concentrations in the groundwater and associated potential health risk globally with a special focus on Pakistan. Millions of people are deeply dependent on groundwater from different countries of the world encompassing with an elevated level of fluoride. The latest estimates suggest that around 200 million people, from among 25 nations the world over, are under the dreadful fate of fluorosis...
December 19, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260326/porous-zirconia-ceramic-as-an-alternative-to-dentin-for-in-vitro-dentin-barriers-cytotoxicity-test
#19
Meng-Long Hu, Hong Lin, Ruo-Dan Jiang, Li-Min Dong, Lin Huang, Gang Zheng
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the potential of porous zirconia ceramic as an alternative to dentin via an in vitro dentin barrier cytotoxicity test. METHODS: The permeability of dentin and porous zirconia ceramic was measured using a hydraulic-conductance system, and their permeability was divided into two groups: high and low. Using an in vitro dentin barrier test, the cytotoxicity of dental materials by dentin and porous zirconia ceramic was compared within the same permeability group...
December 19, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260241/impact-of-overbite-and-overjet-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-of-children-and-adolescents
#20
Sara Fabian, Bianca Gelbrich, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess, Christian Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Usually, morphological parameters of the teeth are recorded to help assess the indication for orthodontic treatment. It is assumed that significant deviations from average values compromise the quality of life. The aim of this study is to analyse the impact of overbite and overjet on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children and adolescents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 748 subjects, aged 9.5-15.5 years, participated in the LIFE child project of the University of Leipzig, where they underwent a general medical and dental examination...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
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