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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345241/the-new-swedish-report-on-shaken-baby-syndrome-is-misleading
#1
Kerstin Hellgren, Ann Hellström, Anna-Lena Hård, Lena Jacobson, Ulrika Lidén, Stefan Löfgren, Kristina Teär Fahnehjelm, Jan Ygge
In this issue of Acta Paediatrica, Professor Alex Levin, Director of the Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Service at Wills Eye Hospital, (PA, USA), expresses relevant concerns (1) about a report produced by the Swedish Agency for Technology Assessment of Health and Social Services (SBU) (2) and summarized in a paper by Lynøe et al (3). He also provides necessary input on the importance of the morphology and distribution of retinal hemorrhages in diagnosing different causes of retinal bleedings. SBU undertakes independent assessments of methods used in health, medical, dental and social services and services provided to persons with certain functional disabilities...
March 27, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344945/an-evaluation-of-the-possible-relationship-between-chronic-periodontitis-and-hypertension
#2
M O Arowojolu, O Oladapo, O I Opeodu, S O Nwhator
BACKGROUND: Periodontal diseases have been reported to have a form of reciprocal relationship with the general systemic health, in which case those with some systemic diseases such as hypertension have poorer periodontal health and vice versa. The issue of causal or casual relationship is however yet to be finally resolved. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine any possible relationship between chronic periodontitis and cardiovascular risk factors. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional assessment of cardiovascular risk factors such as blood pressure, body mass index, waist circumference and the carotid artery intima media thickness (CIMT) was done among 100 consecutive subjects in the echocardiogram unit of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria over a period of six months...
April 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344835/a-review-of-mercury-exposure-and-health-of-dental-personnel
#3
REVIEW
Natasha Nagpal, Silvana S Bettiol, Amy Isham, Ha Hoang, Leonard A Crocombe
Considerable effort has been made to address the issue of occupational health and environmental exposure to mercury. This review reports on the current literature of mercury exposure and health impacts on dental personnel. Citations were searched using four comprehensive electronic databases for articles published between 2002 and 2015. All original articles that evaluated an association between the use of dental amalgam and occupational mercury exposure in dental personnel were included. Fifteen publications from nine different countries met the selection criteria...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344574/health-associated-niche-inhabitants-as-oral-probiotics-the-case-of-streptococcus-dentisani
#4
Arantxa López-López, Anny Camelo-Castillo, María D Ferrer, Áurea Simon-Soro, Alex Mira
Oral diseases, including dental caries and periodontitis, are among the most prevalent diseases worldwide and develop as a consequence of a microbial dysbiosis. Several bacterial strains are being tested as potential oral health-promoting organisms, but usually they are species isolated from niches other than the site where they must exert its probiotic action, typically from fecal samples. We hypothesize that oral inhabitants associated to health conditions will be more effective than traditional, gut-associated probiotic species in key aspects such as colonization of the oral site where disease takes place or the possession of oral health promoting functions, as well as more practical issues like safety and toxicity, and establishing proper doses for administration...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332206/contract-care-in-dentistry-sense-making-of-the-concept-and-in-practice-when-multiple-institutional-logics-are-at-play
#5
Ylva Ulfsdotter Eriksson, Karin Berg, Ulla Wide Boman, Magnus Hakeberg
In 2009 contract dental care was introduced into Sweden's Public Dental Service under a programme called Dental Care for Health (DCH). Previous research has revealed a possible dilemma whereby dental care professionals had the role of insurance agent foisted upon them, as they were assigned the task of 'selling contracts'. Using qualitative interviews, this study explores how these professionals make sense of contract dental care today. Drawing on the concepts of occupational and organisational professionalism, in combination with the institutional logics perspective, we discern that dental care professionals are entangled in multiple rationalities when reasoning about and dealing with DCH...
March 23, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328023/identification-of-microorganisms-in-biofluids-of-individuals-with-periodontitis-and-chronic-kidney-disease-using-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#6
Levy Anderson César Alves, Rafael Celestino Souza, Taciana Mara Couto da Silva, Andreia Watanabe, Meriellen Dias, Maria Anita Mendes, Ana Lídia Ciamponi
RATIONALE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and periodontitis (PD) are important health issues. There is a large variety of microorganisms related to the pathogenesis of periodontitis, and optimising the time and the cost of laboratory assays to detect these organisms is highly valuable in the medical field. METHODS: Bacteria were isolated from saliva and oral biofilm of 30 adolescents and young adults with definite medical and dental diagnosis of CKD and PD, respectively, and proteins were extracted for microorganism identification by means of the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOFMS) technique...
May 30, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327694/safety-and-efficacy-of-a-biomimetic-monolayer-of-permanently-bound-multiphosphonic-acid-molecules-on-dental-implants-3-years-post-loading-results-from-a-pilot-quadruple-blinded-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Marco Esposito, Ivan Dojcinovic, Sabrina Buchini, Péter Péchy, Björn-Owe Aronsson
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and clinical efficacy of a novel surface treatment (SurfLink, Nano Bridging Molecules, Gland, Switzerland) on titanium dental implants. SurfLink consists of a monolayer of permanently bound multiphosphonic acid molecules, which mimics the surface of naturally occurring hydroxyapatite. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients requiring at least two single dental implants had their sites randomised according to a split-mouth design to receive one titanium grade 4 implant treated with SurfLink and one untreated control implant...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327437/evaluating-the-effect-of-antioxidant-agents-on-shear-bond-strength-of-tooth-colored-restorative-materials-after-bleaching-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Atiyeh Feiz, Hamid Mosleh, Rahman Nazeri
PURPOSE: The main objective of the present study was to make a systematic review of how antioxidant agents affect shear bond strength of tooth-colored restorative materials after bleaching. DATA SOURCES: Electronic search was used to extract the related articles on the targeted key words such as "antioxidant", "dental bleaching" and "shear bond strength" (SBS) from MeSH, PubMed, Medline, and Cochrane electronic data bases. These articles were all published before 2016...
March 10, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290926/soldier-readiness-processing-time-for-a-new-paradigm-in-managing-musculoskeletal-injuries-after-deployment
#9
Daniel I Rhon, Kerrie J Golden, Amy J Trevino, Brian S Hatler
BACKGROUND: The drowning impact that musculoskeletal injuries (MSI) have on Soldier readiness, deployability, and escalating health care costs is growing. These injuries are associated with approximately 25 million lost duty days each year. The need to curb costs and improve efficacy and efficiency of health care delivery is pressing. This requires the consideration of new paradigms for clinical pathways and health care delivery processes. Soldiers returning from a deployment go through a screening process to ensure any medical, dental, and administrative issues are adequately addressed...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283813/effects-of-photodynamic-laser-and-violet-blue-led-irradiation-on-staphylococcus-aureus-biofilm-and-escherichia-coli-lipopolysaccharide-attached-to-moderately-rough-titanium-surface-in-vitro-study
#10
Marco Giannelli, Giulia Landini, Fabrizio Materassi, Flaminia Chellini, Alberto Antonelli, Alessia Tani, Daniele Nosi, Sandra Zecchi-Orlandini, Gian Maria Rossolini, Daniele Bani
Effective decontamination of biofilm and bacterial toxins from the surface of dental implants is a yet unresolved issue. This study investigates the in vitro efficacy of photodynamic treatment (PDT) with methylene blue (MB) photoactivated with λ 635 nm diode laser and of λ 405 nm violet-blue LED phototreatment for the reduction of bacterial biofilm and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) adherent to titanium surface mimicking the bone-implant interface. Staphylococcus aureus biofilm grown on titanium discs with a moderately rough surface was subjected to either PDT (0...
March 10, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276845/an-interprofessional-programme-to-culturally-sensitise-students-to-the-needs-of-patients-and-realities-of-practice-in-rural-areas
#11
Kristin A Schuller, Mary Amundson, Makenzie McPherson, Gwen W Halaas
The University of North Dakota programme, Students/residents Experiences And Rotations in Community Health (SEARCH), was implemented to address recruitment and retention problems and stereotypes associated with practicing in rural areas by providing an opportunity for health profession students to gain experience living and practicing in rural areas and observing interprofessional practice. Each health profession student in the programme (n = 181) from 2001 to 2011 (excluding 2009) kept a four-week journal detailing daily or weekly interactions, general thoughts, and experiences...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274080/aesthetic-retainer-cum-trainer
#12
Tulika Tripathi, Shilpa Kalra, Priyank Rai
Tongue thrust habit is one of the contributing factors in the relapse of orthodontic treatment results. Compliance with removable habit breaking appliance is a major issue to the dental practitioners treating patients of any age group. Through this case we introduce a more aesthetic and comfortable option to the patients requiring habit control for tongue thrusting and retention of treatment results. Hence, this appliance acts as a retainer cum trainer in such patients.
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266116/global-epidemiology-of-dental-caries-and-severe-periodontitis-a-comprehensive-review
#13
Jo E Frencken, Praveen Sharma, Laura Stenhouse, David Green, Dominic Laverty, Thomas Dietrich
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and periodontitis are the most common oral diseases and major causes of tooth loss. AIM: To perform a review of global prevalence and incidence of dental caries and periodontitis. METHODOLOGY: Inclusion and exclusion criteria were developed. MEDLINE database and EMBASE database were used to search for eligible publications using keywords and MeSH terms. Additionally, WHO databank was used for obtaining dental caries information and PUBMED for a search on trends of dental caries prevalence and severity...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265473/treatment-of-class-iii-malocclusion-atypical-extraction-protocol
#14
Fernando Pedrin Carvalho Ferreira, Maiara da Silva Goulart, Renata Rodrigues de Almeida-Pedrin, Ana Claudia de Castro Ferreira Conti, Maurício de Almeida Cardoso
The treatment of Angle Class III malocclusion is rather challenging, because the patient's growth pattern determines the success of long-term treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment are still highly discussed issues in orthodontic literature. This type of early intervention has been indicated more frequently in order to eliminate primary etiological factors and prevent an already present malocclusion from becoming severe. However, when a patient is diagnosed in adulthood, manipulation of the bone bases becomes extremely limited, as there is no longer any potential for growth...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261942/cultural-competence-skills-in-a-dental-curriculum-a-review
#15
R J Mariño, A Ghanim, S L Barrow, M V Morgan
This study aimed to analyse and evaluate the extent of transcultural content in the current curricula of the Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS), Bachelor of Oral Health (BOH) and Master of Nursing Science (MNSc) courses at the University of Melbourne. METHODS: The study was conducted in two phases: a quantitative review and assessment of the current DDS, BOH and MNSc curricula at the University of Melbourne, and interviews with various staff from the University of Melbourne who were responsible for curriculum development for these courses...
March 6, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260736/recombinant-sox-enzymes-from-paracoccus-pantotrophus-degrade-hydrogen-sulfide-a-major-component-of-oral-malodor
#16
Atik Ramadhani, Miki Kawada-Matsuo, Hitoshi Komatsuzawa, Takahiko Oho
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is emitted from industrial activities, and several chemotrophs possessing Sox enzymes are used for its removal. Oral malodor is a common issue in the dental field and major malodorous components are volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs), including H2S and methyl mercaptan. Paracoccus pantotrophus is an aerobic, neutrophilic facultatively autotrophic bacterium that possesses sulfur-oxidizing (Sox) enzymes in order to use sulfur compounds as an energy source. In the present study, we cloned the Sox enzymes of P...
March 3, 2017: Microbes and Environments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260237/interim-therapeutic-restoration-approach-versus-treatment-under-general-anaesthesia-approach
#17
Songping Nicholas Lim, Leroy Kiang, Ranjan Manohara, Huei Jinn Tong, Rahul Nair, Catherine Hong, Shijia Hu
BACKGROUND: Although dental treatment under general anaesthesia (GA) remains the long-established approach for treating anxious children, treatment under GA presents with increased risks, costs and parental acceptability issues. Interim therapeutic restoration (ITR) has been proposed as an alternative approach. AIM: To compare the incidence and types of failures between children managed with the ITR approach and those managed under GA within 12 months of treatment completion...
March 5, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257399/addressing-the-health-and-wellness-needs-of-vulnerable-rockaway-residents-in-the-wake-of-hurricane-sandy-findings-from-a-health-coaching-and-community-health-worker-program
#18
David Russell, Mia R Oberlink, Shivani Shah, Lauren Evans, Karen Bassuk
OBJECTIVES: To describe the design and participants of a program that employed health coaches and community health workers to address the social, health, and long-term disaster recovery needs of Rockaway residents roughly 2 years after Hurricane Sandy made landfall. DESIGN: Baseline and exit questionnaires, containing demographic, health, and health care utilization measures, were administered to participants at the start and end of the program. Enrollment and encounter information was captured in program administrative records...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255531/progress-in-bioengineered-whole-tooth-research-from-bench-to-dental-patient-chair
#19
Elizabeth E Smith, Pamela C Yelick
Tooth loss is a significant health issue that affects the physiological and social aspects of everyday life. Missing teeth impair simple tasks of chewing and speaking, and can also contribute to reduced self-confidence. An emerging and exciting area of regenerative medicine based dental research focuses on the formation of bioengineered whole tooth replacement therapies that can provide both the function and sensory responsiveness of natural teeth. This area of research aims to enhance the quality of dental and oral health for those suffering from tooth loss...
December 2016: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254287/surface-modification-of-quartz-fibres-for-dental-composites-through-a-sol-gel-process
#20
Yazi Wang, Renlin Wang, Eric Habib, Ruili Wang, Qinghong Zhang, Bin Sun, Meifang Zhu
In this study, quartz fibres (QFs) surface modification using a sol-gel method was proposed and dental posts reinforced with modified QFs were produced. A silica sol (SS) was prepared using tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and 3-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (γ-MPS) as precursors. The amount of γ-MPS in the sol-gel system was varied from 0 to 24wt.% with a constant molar ratio of TEOS, ethanol, deionized water, and HCl. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and contact angle (CA) measurements were used to characterize the modified QFs, which confirmed that SS had successfully coated the surface of QFs...
May 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
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