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dental issues

Nir Uziel, Joseph Meyerson, Yonatan Birenzweig, Ilana Eli
Professional burnout and work-related stress are known problems that have been the subject of in-depth examination among dentists. Nevertheless, these issues have not been widely studied among dental assistants. The aims of this study were threefold: to confirm the structure of a Work Stress Inventory (WSI) for Dental Assistants which was originally developed for Jordanian dental assistants (factor analysis); to evaluate work stress and burnout among Israeli dental assistants and to discover the factors predicting Israeli assistants' burnout (regression analyses)...
May 16, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Murakami Masaharu, Yutaka Watanabe, Edahiro Ayako, Yuki Ohara, Obuchi Shuichi, Kawai Hisashi, Hunkyung Kim, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Ihara Kazushige, Murakami Masato, Hirohiko Hirano
OBJECTIVE: Clinicians' evaluations of older adults sometimes reveal inconsistencies between objective and subjective dental status. This study investigated which factors contribute both to good objective masticatory function (OMF) and the poor subjective masticatory function (SMF) that often becomes a clinical issue. METHODS: Study participants included 635 elderly community-dwelling Japanese adults who underwent a comprehensive geriatric health examination in 2012...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
A M G A Laheij, J J de Soet, C M C Volgenant
The increasing resistance to antibiotics and the aging of the population of patients who visit the dental practice can lead to more frequent infections with (resistant) microorganisms. The prevention of cross contamination by the implementation of effective measures in the area of hygiene and procedures of infection control is therefore important. The furnishing of a dental practice can play an important part in prevention. What are the important issues in furnishing a practice? A distinction is made between 'critical' and 'non-critical' rooms...
May 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
Y B E Tay, W S Loh
Third molar extraction is a common procedure in dental surgery. Common complications that may occur post procedure include pain, trismus, bleeding, dry socket, and nerve injuries. Subcutaneous emphysema is an uncommon complication. A rare case of extensive cervicofacial subcutaneous emphysema, pneumomediastinum, and pneumorrhachis following third molar extraction is reported here. Issues relating to the diagnosis, aetiology, and management of these complications are discussed.
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Alejandro Ismael Lorenzo-Pouso, Pilar Gándara-Vila, Cristina Banga, Mercedes Gallas, Mario Pérez-Sayáns, Abel García, Ellen M Daley, Iria Gasamáns
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are responsible for a significant part of the global burden of cancer. Epidemiologic studies have shown increasing trends of HPV-related oral cancers worldwide. Dental professionals need comprehensive up-to-date HPV-related information to be able to provide correct advice to their patients. The aim of this paper is to describe knowledge and awareness levels of dental students from Spain on HPV infection, HPV vaccination, oral cancer prevention, and HPV-related oropharyngeal cancer...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Marc Schmitter, Alexandra Kares-Vrincianu, Horst Kares, Carolin Malsch, Hans Jürgen Schindler
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between chronic stress and temporalis muscle activity during four nights. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-four female subjects were recruited in five dental practices located in different areas of the federal state of Saarland, Germany (dental practice network in Saarland). The following inclusion criteria were used: female, aged between 18 and 65, no somatization or depression, and no pain medication, graded chronic pain status < 3...
May 10, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
S Grygorov, G Poberezhnik, A Grygorova
Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis has now increasing incidence in dental and otorhynolaryngological practice. Its incidence varies from 10-12 % to 50-75 %, according to different authors. Literature study showed that odontogenic maxillary sinusites are mostly unilateral, and significantly differ in complaints, clinical signs, and diagnostic and treatment measures from other types of sinusitis. This should be taken into account, because often odontogenic maxillary sinusitis is misdiagnosed with common sinusitis, and only in 77 % such patients are examined by both dental specialist and otorhynolaryngologist...
March 2018: Georgian Medical News
L Mao, M R Kaizer, M Zhao, B Guo, Y F Song, Y Zhang
Ultra-translucent zirconias are drawing immense attention due to their fascinating esthetic appearance. However, the high translucency came at the expense of diminishing strength along with the reduced ability of transformation toughening due to the increased cubic zirconia content. We aim to address these issues by infiltrating glass on the surface of an ultra-translucent zirconia (5Y-PSZ). Glasses of different shades can be used and the resulting graded glass/zirconia layer is expected to improve the material's flexural strength without compromising its esthetics...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Denis Bourgeois, Claude Dussart, Ina Saliasi, Laurent Laforest, Paul Tramini, Florence Carrouel
Effective sterilization of reusable instruments contaminated by Creutzfeldt⁻Jakob disease in dental care is a crucial issue for public health. The present cross-sectional study investigated how the recommended procedures for sterilization were implemented by French dental practices in real-world settings. A sample of dental practices was selected in the French Rh&ocirc;ne-Alpes region. Data were collected by a self-questionnaire in 2016. Sterilization procedures ( n = 33) were classified into 4 groups: (1) Pre-sterilization cleaning of reusable instruments; (2) Biological verification of sterilization cycles&mdash;Monitoring steam sterilization procedures; (3) Autoclave performance and practitioner knowledge of autoclave use; (4) Monitoring and documentation of sterilization procedures&mdash;Tracking and tracing the instrumentation...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Riikka Salmi, Mimmi Tolvanen, Riitta Suhonen, Satu Lahti, Timo Närhi
BACKGROUND: Increasing number of older adults lives in their own homes, but needs help in many daily routines. Domiciliary care nursing staff (DCNS) is often needed to support oral home care. However, information of nursing staff's knowledge, skills and activity in this task is sparse. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to assess DCNS knowledge, perceived skills and activities to support oral home care of older domiciliary care clients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted among DCNS in one of the largest cities in Finland...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
A Picardi, M Miranda, F Liciani, G Paterno, W Arcese, P Bollero
Objective: The aim of this prospective observational study was to identify local risk factors for the development of clinical manifestations of oral chronic Graft versus Host Disease (cGvHD) in a cohort of patients affected by haematological malignant diseases who underwent allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Materials and methods: In the context of an active collaboration between the Rome Transplant Network of the Hematology and the Oral Pathology Division at "Policlinico Tor Vergata", in Rome, 47 haematological patients were included in this trial based on a systematic dental screening and follow-up protocol...
October 2017: Oral & Implantology
Shahida Maqsood, Hasan Baber, Zia Abbas, Javeria Ali Khan, Muznah Khalid
Obesity is a state of abnormal accumulation of fat in adipose tissues of the body to the level that one's health is adversely compromised. Tripathi et al. state (according to WHO) that obesity is now considered the fifth leading cause of mortality in the world. Caries is a multifactorial disease and one of the major oral health issues of the modern era affecting people around the globe. Rise in dental caries has been observed in developing countries as a result of factors including increased intake of carbohydrates...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Pratik Shah, Gregory Yauney, Otkrist Gupta, Vincent Patalano Ii, Mrinal Mohit, Rikin Merchant, S V Subramanian
OBJECTIVES: Technology-enabled non-invasive diagnostic screening (TES) using smartphones and other point-of-care medical devices was evaluated in conjunction with conventional routine health screenings for the primary care screening of patients. DESIGN: Dental conditions, cardiac ECG arrhythmias, tympanic membrane disorders, blood oxygenation levels, optic nerve disorders and neurological fitness were evaluated using FDA-approved advanced smartphone powered technologies...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
P Fowler, T King, M Lee, J Erasmus
To assess the functional needs of orthognathic patients who had been accepted for treatment by Christchurch Hospital, New Zealand, we made a retrospective assessment of 80 consecutive patients using the Index of Orthognathic Functional Treatment Need (IOFTN). Eligibility was based on the Severity and Outcome Index (SOI) score of ≤3 derived from seven lateral cephalometric measurements (three skeletal, three dental, and one soft tissue), which made allowances for asymmetrical or reported important functional issues...
April 17, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
I F Walker, S Eapen-Simon, S Gibson
Oral health is a key public health issue across England. In Wakefield in the north of England, local data suggested the oral health of local children was significantly worse than the national average. This paper describes the work undertaken by Wakefield Council to strategically address this issue. A structured process was adopted. Key lessons include; having senior ownership from the Director of Public Health, partnership working across all key stakeholders, utilising dental public health expertise from Public Health England and the use of extensive engagement with stakeholders...
April 18, 2018: Community Dental Health
Masumi Takemoto, Hiroaki Takemoto
Numerous epidemiological and interventional clinical studies have consistently reported that black tea is good for human health. The polyphenolic compound, theaflavin, and its galloyl esters (theaflavins) are the primary red pigments in black tea that possess several health benefits, including fat-reducing and glucose-lowering capabilities and lifestyle-related disease prevention related to anti-obesity, anticancer, anti-atherosclerotic, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antibacterial, anti-osteoporotic, and anti-dental caries properties...
April 16, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Ladan Hafezi, Seyyedeh Marjan Arianezhad, Seyed Mahdi Hosseini Pooya
BACKGROUND: The value for the use of thyroid shield is one of the issues in radiation protection of patients in dental panoramic imaging. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this research is to investigate the attenuation characteristics of some models of thyroid shielding in dental panoramic examinations. METHODS: The effects of five different types of lead and lead-free (Pb-Equivalent) shields on dose reduction of thyroid gland were investigated using implanted TLDs in head-Neck parts of a Rando phantom...
April 16, 2018: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
Tzer-Min Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
J Aukett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2018: British Dental Journal
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