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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982048/hpa-axis-dysregulation-in-adult-adoptees-twenty-years-after-severe-institutional-deprivation-in-childhood
#1
Robert Kumsta, Wolff Schlotz, Dennis Golm, Dirk Moser, Mark Kennedy, Nicky Knights, Jana Kreppner, Barbara Maughan, Michael Rutter, Edmund Sonuga-Barke
Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function is disrupted in institutionally-deprived children - reduced morning cortisol, flattened diurnal slope and blunted reactivity persist even after successful adoption into positive family environments. Here we test whether such effects persist into adulthood. Cortisol release across the day (sampled at awakening, 30 and 45min later, and at four points across the day) was investigated in young adult adoptees who had lived in severe deprivation for up to 43 months in early childhood in Ceaușescu's Romanian orphanages and a comparison group of non-deprived UK adoptees (Total N=57; mean age=24±0...
September 28, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935662/adult-disinhibited-social-engagement-in-adoptees-exposed-to-extreme-institutional-deprivation-examination-of-its-clinical-status-and-functional-impact
#2
Mark Kennedy, Jana Kreppner, Nicky Knights, Robert Kumsta, Barbara Maughan, Dennis Golm, Jonathan Hill, Michael Rutter, Wolff Schlotz, Edmund Sonuga-Barke
BackgroundEarly-life institutional deprivation produces disinhibited social engagement (DSE). Portrayed as a childhood condition, little is known about the persistence of DSE-type behaviours into, presentation during, and their impact on, functioning in adulthood.AimsWe examine these issues in the young adult follow-up of the English and Romanian Adoptees study.MethodA total of 122 of the original 165 Romanian adoptees who had spent up to 43 months as children in Ceauşescu's Romanian orphanages and 42 UK adoptees were assessed for DSE behaviours, neurodevelopmental and mental health problems, and impairment between ages 2 and 25 years...
September 21, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869880/psychometric-properties-of-the-adverse-childhood-experiences-abuse-short-form-ace-asf-among-romanian-high-school-students
#3
Franziska Meinck, Alina Paula Cosma, Christopher Mikton, Adriana Baban
Child abuse is a major public health problem. In order to establish the prevalence of abuse exposure among children, measures need to be age-appropriate, sensitive, reliable and valid. This study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of the Adverse Childhood Experiences Questionnaire Abuse Short Form (ACE-ASF). The ACE-ASF is an 8-item, retrospective self-report questionnaire measuring lifetime physical, emotional and sexual abuse. Data from a nationally representative sample of 15-year-old, school-going adolescents (n=1733, 55...
September 3, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820445/choline-intake-and-its-food-sources-in-the-diet-of-romanian-kindergarten-children
#4
Cristian Reinhard Prelicz, Lucia Maria Lotrean
The objective of this study is to assess the usual intake and food sources of choline in a group of Romanian kindergarten children. A cross-sectional study was performed among 71 children aged 4-6 years from four kindergartens from Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Dietary intake data were collected by means of three-day food records. The mean (SD) daily intake of choline was 215 (32) mg/day, 22.5% of the participants fulfilling the adequate intake (AI) for children 4-6 years of age of 250 mg of choline per day. The main food sources were meat (mainly poultry), eggs, grains, cereals, and baked products (mainly bread), and dairy products (mainly milk)...
August 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675359/the-romanian-national-program-for-liver-transplantation-852-procedures-in-815-patients-over-17-years-2000-2017-a-continuous-evolution-to-success
#5
Irinel Popescu, Mihnea Ionescu, Vladislav Braşoveanu, Doina Hrehoreţ, Narcis Copca, Cristian Lupaşcu, Florin Botea, Bogdan Dorobanţu, Sorin Alexandrescu, Mihai Grigorie, Emil Matei, Radu Zamfir, Vasile Lungu, Dana Tomescu, Gabriela Droc, Daniela Ungureanu, Ruxandra Fota, Graţiela Manga, Mihai Popescu, Laura Popa, Liana Gheorghe, Speranţa Iacob, Corina Pietrăreanu, Mariana Mihailă, Laurenţiu Mic, Sanda Constantinescu, Cristian Gheorghe, Bogdan Cotruta, Ioana Lupescu, Mugur Grasu, Mirela Boroş, Radu Dumitru, Mihai Toma, Liliana Paslaru, Laura Vlad, Ileana Constantinescu, Ileana Dima, Vlad Herlea, Gabriel Becheanu, Cătălin Pecheanu, Daniela Sasalovici
Background: Liver transplantation (LT) has become an established treatment for end-stage liver disease, with more than 20.000 procedures yearly worldwide. The aim of this study was to analyze the results of Romanian National Program of LT. Methods: Between April 2000 and April 2017, 817 pts received 852 LTs in Romania. Male/female ratio was 487/330, while adult/pediatric ratio was 753/64, with a mean age of 46 years (median 50 yrs; range 7 months - 68 yrs). Main LT indications were HBV cirrhosis (230 pts; 28...
May 2017: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514313/clinical-and-biological-correlations-in-celiac-disease-in-children-the-prospective-single-experience-of-a-romanian-tertiary-center-a-case-control-study-strobe-compliant-study
#6
Cristina Oana Marginean, Lorena Elena Meliţ, Roxana-Cristina Mareş, Maria Oana Mărginean, Septimiu Voidăzan, Minodora Dobreanu
Celiac disease-a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestine-is triggered by gluten or associated protein consumption.The aim of our study was to assess the sensitivity, specificity of the combined anti-transglutaminase 2 (TG2)/deamidated gliadin peptide antibodies (DGP), and antiendomisium antibodies (EMA), to determine the distribution of HLA-DQ2/DQ8 for the 140 tested patients, and also to evaluate the clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients admitted with the suspicion of celiac disease (CD)...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461829/celiac-disease-phenotype-in-clinically-diagnosed-romanian-adults-and-children
#7
Vasile Balaban, Vasile Balaban, Alina Popp, Florina Vasilescu, Adina Ene, Mariana Jinga
BACKGROUND: Once considered a disease of childhood, celiac disease (CD) is now seen quite frequently in adults also, but with different and various clinical presentation. Little data is currently available about pediatric and adult CD features in Romanian patients. METHODS: 38 newly-diagnosed CD patients (17 adults and 21 children) were recruited for this study. The two groups (adult and pediatric) were compared regarding demographic, clinical, serologic and histological data...
June 2016: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274135/the-pain-and-pride-of-angel-mothers-disappointments-and-desires-around-reproductive-loss-in-romania
#8
Erica van der Sijpt
In this article, I highlight how Romanian women make sense of the losses of pregnancies and babies. Based on 15 months of fieldwork in a Transylvanian town, and on interviews with and observations among 'angel mothers' (women who have lost unborn or live-born children) in the Romanian capital Bucharest, I discuss the disappointments and desires that surface when reproduction goes awry. The criticisms of these 'angel mothers' throw into sharp relief wider disappointments with biomedical, political, and religious establishments, and continuing social struggles in postcommunist Romania...
February 16, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833965/the-prevalence-of-crown-injuries-to-frontal-teeth-at-schoolchildren-aged-6-to-14-and-their-effects-on-the-periodontal-tissue
#9
Ionela Teodora Dascălu, Horia Octavian Manolea, Evantia Coleş, Constantin Dăguci, Marilena Bătăiosu, Cristina Maria Andrei, Mihaela Jana Ţuculină, Oana Andreea Diaconu, LuminiŢa Dăguci
The research aims at emphasizing the interrelation between the social impact and the self-esteem of schoolchildren with dental crown fractures in the frontal group. Dental traumatic injuries are frequently met to schoolchildren, therefore, the prevention and interception of traumatic pathology within parents, teachers and children is more than necessary. Our statistical study intends to determine the prevalence of dental trauma to southwestern Romanian schoolchildren aged 6 to 14. The survey included a number of 1684 schoolchildren attending public schools, randomly chosen...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821196/motivational-values-parental-influences-and-the-experience-of-discrimination-among-romanian-and-moroccan-young-immigrants-in-spain
#10
Pablo Espinosa, Miguel Clemente, Octavio Uña
This study examines the role that motivational values play in the experience of discrimination in young immigrants in Spain and how this role is mediated by parental values. Participants in the study were 193 dyads of pre-adolescent to young adult first and second generation immigrants and one of their parents. All participants were either of Moroccan or Romanian ascent, the two largest immigrant groups in Spain. The proposed SEM model had an adequate fit, χ2(2, N = 193) = 2.272, p = .321, RMSEA = .027, CFI = ...
November 8, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697792/cancer-care-in-romania-challenges-and-pitfalls-of-children-s-and-adolescents-multifaceted-involvement
#11
Domnita O Badarau, Eva De Clercq, Tenzin Wangmo, Monica Dragomir, Ingrid Miron, Thomas Kühne, Bernice S Elger
Communication about diagnosis and medical treatment for children suffering from life-threatening illnesses is complex. It is a primary step in involving underage patients and families in care and lays the foundation for obtaining parental permission and patient assent for treatment. In practice child participation in care is often difficult to obtain due to patients' different and sometimes fluctuating preferences, but also parents' protective strategies. Physicians may be susceptible to parental wishes to limit information and feel uncomfortable discussing issues related to uncertainty of cure with patients...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635113/interactions-between-policy-effects-population-characteristics-and-the-tax-benefit-system-an-illustration-using-child-poverty-and-child-related-policies-in-romania-and-the-czech-republic
#12
Silvia Avram, Eva Militaru
We investigate the impact of the Romanian and Czech family policy systems on the poverty risk of families with children. We focus on separating out the effects of policy design itself and size of benefits from the interaction between policies and population characteristics. We find that interactions between population characteristics, the wider tax benefit system and child related policies are pervasive and large. Both population characteristics and the wider tax-benefit environment can dramatically alter the antipoverty effect of a given set of policies...
2016: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598978/correlation-between-adipokines-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-a-group-of-obese-romanian-children-is-small-for-gestational-age-status-an-independent-factor-for-cardiovascular-risk
#13
Ramona Stroescu, Teofana Bizerea, Gabriela Doroş, Monica Marazan, Maria Lesovici, Otilia Mãrginean
Objective: To investigate the relationship between markers of adiposity and common carotid artery (CIMT) in obese children born small for gestational age (SGA) versus appropriate for gestational age (AGA), to establish cut-off values for CIMT in obese pediatric populations. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out over a 1-year period (Jul 2013 - June 2014). We analyzed 122 obese patients aged 4-20 (mean age 14.9 ± 2.28). Twenty-six patients were born SGA...
January 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333904/the-penn-state-worry-questionnaire-for-children-age-gender-and-clinical-invariance
#14
Costina R Păsărelu, Anca Dobrean, Robert Balazsi, Elena Predescu, Roxana Şipos, Viorel Lupu
The Penn State Worry Questionnaire for Children (PSWQ-C) is one of the most frequently used instruments to assess worry in children. The current study examines the measurement invariance of the PSWQ-C in a Romanian sample. Participants (n = 759) were recruited from both community and clinical populations. Our findings have replicated the good psychometric properties of the PSWQ-C and of the short PSWQ-C (the original scale with the negative items deleted). Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis has supported measurement invariance (configural, metric, scalar) across gender, age and clinical diagnosis...
June 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27319017/overweight-and-underweight-prevalence-trends-in-children-from-romania-pooled-analysis-of-cross-sectional-studies-between-2006-and-2015
#15
Adela Chirita-Emandi, Carmen Gabriela Barbu, Elena Eliza Cinteza, Bianca Ioana Chesaru, Mihai Gafencu, Veronica Mocanu, Ionela M Pascanu, Simona Alexandra Tatar, Mihaela Balgradean, Michaela Dobre, Simona Vasilica Fica, Gabriela Edita Ichim, Raluca Pop, Maria Puiu
AIM: High-quality national representative data on obesity in Romanian children are needed to shape public health policies. To provide a unified data landscape on national prevalence, trends and other factors associated with underweight, overweight, and obesity in Romanian children aged 6-19 years, across the last decade (2006-2015). METHODS: Using a common protocol, we selected published and unpublished studies that measured Romanian children in schools between 2006 and 2015...
2016: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27264475/early-severe-institutional-deprivation-is-associated-with-a-persistent-variant-of-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-clinical-presentation-developmental-continuities-and-life-circumstances-in-the-english-and-romanian-adoptees-study
#16
Mark Kennedy, Jana Kreppner, Nicky Knights, Robert Kumsta, Barbara Maughan, Dennis Golm, Michael Rutter, Wolff Schlotz, Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke
BACKGROUND: Early-life institutional deprivation is associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) later in childhood and adolescence. In this article, we examine, for the first time, the persistence of deprivation-related ADHD into young adulthood in a sample of individuals adopted as young children by UK families after periods in extremely depriving Romanian orphanages. METHODS: We estimated rates of ADHD at age 15 years and in young adulthood (ages 22-25 years) in individuals at low (LoDep; nondeprived UK adoptees and Romanian adoptees with less than 6-month institutional exposure) and high deprivation-related risk (HiDep; Romanian adoptees with more than 6-month exposure)...
October 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27208534/proposed-model-for-a-romanian-register-of-chronic-diseases-in-children
#17
Florina Maria Gabor-Harosa, Ovidiu Petru Stan, Lucia Daina, Floarea Mocean
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of chronic diseases at children is increasing due to the progress made in medicine, which radically changed the evolution and the prognostics. Disease registers became important tools to register and monitor the chronic patients in order to asses their needs and improve their care. Disease registers are also very important for adjusting to population needs the actions in the public health field. The main objective for this research is to develop a model for a chronic disease register of children in Romania, taking into account the current situation of chronic diseases' registration and reporting, the specific requirements for such medical database and the particularities of the information systems in the Romanian healthcare system...
July 2016: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27196486/fto-rs-9939609-snp-is-associated-with-adiponectin-and-leptin-levels-and-the-risk-of-obesity-in-a-cohort-of-romanian-children-population
#18
Carmen Duicu, Cristina Oana Mărginean, Septimiu Voidăzan, Florin Tripon, Claudia Bănescu
Obesity is a disorder with increasing frequency in children and adolescents, directly linked with various diseases. Variants in the FTO (fat mass and obesity-related) gene have been associated with body mass index and waist and hip circumferences in widespread populations.The aim of this case-control study was to assess if there is any association between FTO gene variants rs9939609, respectively, rs17817449 with anthropometric and metabolic biomarkers (fasting glucose, TC, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides) and adipokines (adiponectin and leptin), in Romanian obese children...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27131281/mid-and-later-life-care-work-migration-patterns-of-re-organising-informal-care-obligations-in-central-and-eastern-europe
#19
Gudrun Bauer, August Österle
BACKGROUND: Many women in mid or later life from Central and Eastern Europe commute for live-in 24-hour care work to Austria. In addition to paid care work abroad, the majority of women in this age group is confronted with informal (family) care obligations towards children, towards older relatives or towards grandchildren. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the patterns of re-organising these informal care obligations (childcare, long-term care and domestic work) in the respective home country and to analyse the factors that determine the re-organisation...
April 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125090/reduce-child-mortality-as-a-millennium-developmeni-goal-in-romania
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Olga-Odetta Duma, Solange Tamara Roşu, F D Petrariu, M Manole, Brânduşa Constantin
AIM: To assess the efforts made in Romania towards achieving the Goal 4 from MDGs--Reduce Child Mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive study about the deaths among Romanian children under five, between 2002 and 2015, from the perspective of the MDGs. To help track progress toward this commitment, following specific targets and indicators were developed: Target 1-Halve the mortality rate in children aged 1-4 years between 2002-2015; Target 2--Reduce infant mortality by 40% between 2002 and 2015; Target 3--Eliminate measles by 2007...
January 2016: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
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