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Magdalena Iorga, Corina Dondaș, Camelia Soponaru, Ioan Antofie
Aim: The purpose of this study is to identify the level of job satisfaction among hospital pharmacists in Romania in relation to environmental, socio-demographic, and individual factors. Material and Methods: Seventy-eight hospital pharmacists were included in the research. The Job Satisfaction Scale was used to measure the level of satisfaction with their current jobs, and the TAS-20 was used to evaluate emotional experience and awareness. Additionally, 12 items were formulated in order to identify the reasons for dissatisfaction with jobs, such as budget, number of working hours, legislation, relationships with colleagues, hospital departments, or stakeholders...
December 11, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Petruta P Rusu, Peter Hilpert, Mariana Falconier, Guy Bodenmann
This study examined positive emotions as mediating mechanisms in the association between economic strain and spouses' supportive behaviour. Data were collected from 295 married couples living in Romania. Results from the Actor-Partner Mediator Model indicated that economic strain had a negative indirect effect on spouses' supportive dyadic coping due to its negative association with partners' positive emotions (joy, contentment, and pride). For both partners, positive emotions decreased when they experienced economic strain, which in turn reduced supportive dyadic coping in couples...
December 12, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
Dan Alexandru Niculescu, Cristina Ana Maria Capatina, Roxana Dusceac, Andra Caragheorgheopol, Adina Ghemigian, Catalina Poiana
We measured serum vitamin D in 8024 Romanian subjects and found a marked seasonal variation with highest levels in September and lowest levels in March. The seasonal variation (early autumn vs. early spring) persisted in all age and sex groups. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was very high. PURPOSE: Romania is located in Eastern Europe, roughly between 44°N and 48°N latitude. Seasonal variation of serum vitamin D in Romanian subjects is unknown. We assessed the seasonal variation of 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] in Romanian population...
December 11, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
Hakan Leblebicioglu, Joop E Arends, Resat Ozaras, Giampaolo Corti, Lurdes Santos, Christoph Boesecke, Andrew Ustianowski, Ann-Sofi Duberg, Simona Ruta, Nermin N Salkic, Petr Husa, Ivana Lazarevic, Juan A Pineda, Natalia Yurievna Pshenichnaya, Tengiz Tsertswadze, Mojca Matičič, Edmond Puca, Gulzhan Abuova, Judit Gervain, Ramin Bayramli, Salih Ahmeti, Mairi Koulentaki, Badreddine Kilani, Adriana Vince, Francesco Negro, Mustafa Sunbul, Dominique Salmon
BACKGROUND: Treatment with direct acting antiviral agents (DAAs) has provided sustained virological response rates in >95% of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. However treatment is costly and market access, reimbursement and governmental restrictions differ among countries. We aimed to analyze these differences among European and Eurasian countries. METHODS: A survey including 20-item questionnaire was sent to experts in viral hepatitis...
December 4, 2017: Antiviral Research
Aura Temereanca, Cristiana Oprea, Joel O Wertheim, Irina Ianache, Emanoil Ceausu, Costin Cernescu, Sanjay R Mehta, Simona Ruta
Injection drug use is increasingly an important route of HIV transmission in Romania (from 1.5% of the newly diagnosed cases prior to 2010 to 31% in 2013). In this study we investigated the viral characteristics and relationships in newly HIV infected persons who inject drugs in Bucharest, Romania. Results: HIV-1 pol sequencing, followed by phylogenetic and clustering analysis was performed on blood from 37 injecting drug users (IDUs) newly diagnosed with HIV infection. While HIV subtype F1, the dominant strain in Romania since 1990, remains prevalent, new subtypes were found including G, B, B/G and B/F recombinants...
January 2017: Romanian Biotechnological Letters
Alexandra Corduneanu, Kristýna Hrazdilová, Attila D Sándor, Ioana Adriana Matei, Angela Monica Ionică, Levente Barti, Marius-Alexandru Ciocănău, Dragoş Ștefan Măntoiu, Ioan Coroiu, Sándor Hornok, Hans-Peter Fuehrer, Natascha Leitner, Zoltán Bagó, Katharina Stefke, David Modrý, Andrei Daniel Mihalca
BACKGROUND: Babesia spp. are hemoparasites which infect the red blood cells of a large variety of mammals. In bats, the only known species of the genus is Babesia vesperuginis. However, except a few old reports, the host range and geographical distribution of this bat parasite have been poorly studied. This study aimed to investigate the presence of piroplasms in tissues of bats collected in four different countries from eastern and central Europe: Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary and Romania...
December 6, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Georgiana Deak, Angela Monica Ionică, Andrei Daniel Mihalca, Călin Mircea Gherman
BACKGROUND: The genus Troglostrongylus includes nematodes infecting domestic and wild felids. Troglostrongylus brevior was described six decades ago in Palestine and subsequently reported in some European countries (Italy, Spain, Greece, Bulgaria, and Bosnia and Herzegovina). As the diagnosis by the first-stage larvae (L1) may be challenging, there is a possibility of confusion with Aelurostrongylus abstrusus. Hence, the knowledge on the distribution of this neglected feline parasite is still scarce...
December 6, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
D Agapito, N-A A Aziz, T Wang, E R Morgan, I Wright
Dirofilaria repens infection was diagnosed in a 5-year-old female German shepherd crossbreed, originally from Romania but brought into the UK in February 2014. The dog presented with conjunctivitis in March 2014 and then again 2 months later with additional ocular and nasal mucopurulent discharge. Bacterial cultures from the nasolacrimal duct were negative for bacterial growth. The case was referred in August 2014 for ophthalmic examination, which revealed abnormalities in both eyes, especially the left. They included mild palpebral conjunctival hyperaemia and marked follicular conjunctivitis, as well as a dorsonasal bulbar conjunctival mass...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Andreea Mihaela Mihalca, Loredana Ruxandra Diaconu-Gherasim, Lacramioara Ionela Butnariu
The present study aimed to explore the cultural differences in social functioning and coping strategies in chronically ill adolescents. One hundred sixty-eight chronically ill adolescents (45.8 % girls), age 11 to 17 years from Romania (N = 78) and Republic of Moldova (N = 90) were recruited. Participants filled in self-assessment measures for social functioning problems and coping strategies. Results indicated cross-cultural differences in the studied factors: Moldavian adolescents reported more social functioning problems and higher use of maladaptive coping strategies, while using less adaptive strategies than Romanian counterparts...
2017: Current Psychology
Ioan Sporea, Radu Badea, Ciprian Brisc, Simona Ioanițescu, Tudor Moga, Alina Popescu, Adrian Săftoiu, Larisa Săndulescu, Zeno Spârchez, Roxana Șirli
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) allows a real-time assessment of the vascular pattern of different types of lesions, as it has no renal or liver toxicity, it lacks radiation exposure and it is also cheaper than other imaging methods, having a diagnostic capability that matches contrast-enhanced CT or MRI. In Romania CEUS is used more and more, especially by clinicians, and since some centres have extensive experience in this domain, we felt the need to disseminate our expertise in order to implement this method in as many centres as possible...
November 29, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
Gianluca Telesio, Ivan Scudiero, Maddalena Pizzulo, Pellegrino Mazzone, Tiziana Zotti, Serena Voccola, Immacolata Polvere, Pasquale Vito, Romania Stilo
The three CARD-containing MAGUK (CARMA) proteins function as scaffolding molecules that regulate activation of the pro-inflammatory transcription factor NF-κB. Recently, mutations in CARMA2 have been linked to psoriasis susceptibility due to their acquired altered capacity to activate NF-κB. By means of two-hybrid screening with yeast, we identified RING finger protein 7 (RNF7) as an interactor of CARMA2. We present evidence that RNF7 functions as a negative regulator of the NF-κB-activating capacity of CARMA2...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Gabriel Adrian Popescu, Roxana Serban, Adriana Pistol, Andreea Niculcea, Andreea Preda, Daniela Lemeni, Ioana Sabina Macovei, Daniela Tălăpan, Alexandru Rafila, Dragoş Florea
AIMS: To evaluate the epidemiology of Clostridium difficile infection in several Romanian hospitals. METHODS: A survey was conducted from November 2013 to February 2014 in 9 hospitals selected from different Romanian regions. RESULT: The survey identified 393 patients with C. difficile infection. The median age was 67 years (range: 2-94 years) with 56% of patients older than 65 years. The mean C. difficile infection prevalence was 5.2 per 10...
November 30, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
Codruţa-Romaniţa Usein, Adriana Simona Ciontea, Cornelia Mãdãlina Militaru, Maria Condei, Sorin Dinu, Mihaela Oprea, Daniela Cristea, Valeria Michelacci, Gaia Scavia, Lavinia Cipriana Zota, Alina Zaharia, Stefano Morabito
IntroductionAt the beginning of 2016, an increase in paediatric haemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) cases was observed in Romania. The microbiological investigations allowed isolation of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O26 as the causative agent from most cases. Methods: An enhanced national surveillance of HUS and severe diarrhoea was established across the country following the identification of the first cases and was carried out until August 2016. A total of 15 strains were isolated from 10 HUS and five diarrhoea cases...
November 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
Simona Gurzu, Janina Orlowska, Haruhiko Sugimura, Tivadar Bara, Zoltan Szentirmay, Wladyslaw Januszewicz, Tivadar Bara, Janos Szederjesi, Ioan Jung
Introduction: The aim of this study was to analyze the particularities of early gastric cancer (EGC) and their importance for staging, prognosis, and therapy. Material and methods: A total of 338 GCs diagnosed and surgically removed in three medical institutes from Eastern Europe were retrospectively examined, and the EGCs were further examined. Besides the demographic factors and tumor characteristics, immunostains were performed with E-cadherin, HER-2, p53, Ki67, MLH-1, MSH-2, COX-2, VEGF-A, CD31, and CD105...
October 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Yi Lu, Shao Lin, Wayne R Lawrence, Ziqiang Lin, Eugen Gurzau, Eva Csobod, Iulia A Neamtiu
BACKGROUND: Exposure to indoor air pollutants at home was found to be associated with respiratory diseases. As lifestyle changes with rapid economic growth in Romania, the aim of our study is to describe the characteristics of Romanian homes and their impact on children's respiratory health. METHODS: Self-reported information on respiratory symptoms was collected from 280 Romanian elementary school students in 2011, and the symptoms were categorized into allergy, asthma-like, and flu-like symptoms...
November 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Madalina Ecaterina Popescu, Monica Roman
This study evaluates the direct effects of vocational training, which is a popular active labour market policy in a European developing country such as Romania. Since the available official statistical microdata were insufficient to conduct reliable impact evaluations, the main findings were obtained through a counterfactual impact evaluation using newly produced micro survey data. Moreover, the research provides a heterogeneity analysis of groups of trainees, in order to identify the categories for which the programme performs best...
November 20, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
Oriol Vidal, Cord Drögemüller, Gabriela Obexer-Ruff, Irene Reber, Jordi Jordana, Amparo Martínez, Valentin Adrian Bâlteanu, Juan Vicente Delgado, Shahin Eghbalsaied, Vincenzo Landi, Felix Goyache, Amadou Traoré, Michele Pazzola, Giuseppe Massimo Vacca, Bouabid Badaoui, Fabio Pilla, Mariasilvia D'Andrea, Isabel Álvarez, Juan Capote, Abdoallah Sharaf, Àgueda Pons, Marcel Amills
The analysis of Y-chromosome variation has provided valuable clues about the paternal history of domestic animal populations. The main goal of the current work was to characterize Y-chromosome diversity in 31 goat populations from Central Eastern (Switzerland and Romania) and Southern Europe (Spain and Italy) as well as in reference populations from Africa and the Near East. Towards this end, we have genotyped seven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), mapping to the SRY, ZFY, AMELY and DDX3Y Y-linked loci, in 275 bucks from 31 populations...
November 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
Andrei Mocan, Ângela Fernandes, Lillian Barros, Gianina Crişan, Marija Smiljković, Marina Soković, Isabel C F R Ferreira
In Eastern Europe, wild mushrooms are widely collected in mountain areas and used for their medicinal properties or as healthy foods. This study aimed at determining the chemical composition (nutritional value, free sugars, organic acids, phenolic compounds, fatty acids and tocopherols) and bioactive properties (antioxidant, antimicrobial and antiquorum sensing) of wild Polyporus squamosus (Huds.) Fr from Romania. The results indicate that the fruiting bodies of P. squamosus are rich in carbohydrates (74.22 g per 100 g dw) and proteins (18...
November 23, 2017: Food & Function
Delia Mirela Ţiţ, Annamaria Pallag, Ciprian Iovan, Gheorghe Furău, Cristian Furău, Simona Bungău
Background: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of the phytoestrogens in relieving and/or suppressing the specific somatic-vegetative symptoms of menopause with those of the hormone therapy, administered in small doses. Methods: The study was conducted in the County Clinical Emergency Hospital Oradea - Obstetric-Gynecological Ambulatory, and in private obstetrics-gynecology cabinets from Bihor County (NW Romania), from November 2011 to January 2014...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Botond Papp, Alexandra Cucos Dinu, Constantin Cosma
This study presents results of a complex survey about residential, soil and water radon in the North of Mureş county (Romania). Indoor radon measurements were performed by using CR-39 track detectors, while radon concentrations in soil and in water were measured by using the LUK3C device and accessories. The indoor radon concentrations of 157 houses ranged from 9 to 414 Bq m-3, with an arithmetic mean of 131 Bq m-3 and a geometric mean of 105 Bq m-3. In ~3.2% of the investigated houses exceed the recommended reference level of 300 Bq m-3...
November 18, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
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