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R-Cs Begy, H Simon, Sz Kelemen, L Preoteasa
Being a dynamic environment associated with complex costal, fluvial and marine processes, only a few studies regarding the evolution of the Danube Delta and the human impacts on its ecosystem have been carried out. Being a sensible to all processes occurring in its catchment area, information is stored in the deposited sediments, which can be used as tracers for natural and anthropogenic processes. The aim of this study is to determine a detailed reconstruction of the sedimentation rates in the last century by applying the 210 Pb dating method validated by 137 Cs profiles...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Marilena Gilca, George Sorin Tiplica, Carmen Maria Salavastru
The geographic and ecologic specificity of Romania and other Eastern European countries has resulted in the development of an exceptional diversity of medicinal plants. The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of the ethnobotanical dermatology practices based on the use of medicinal plants in this region. The indications, ethnopharmacologic activities, parts used, and administration of 106 medicinal plants are provided. We also discuss the relative importance of these species, using two modified indices of quantitative ethnobotany: Use Value Index and Relative Dermatologic Importance, which were calculated on the basis of etic constructions (indications and ethnopharmacologic activities)...
May 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
Mihaela Badea, Octavio P Luzardo, Ana González-Antuña, Manuel Zumbado, Liliana Rogozea, Laura Floroian, Dana Alexandrescu, Marius Moga, Laura Gaman, Mariana Radoi, Luis D Boada, Luis Alberto Henríquez-Hernández
Smoking is considered an important source for inorganic elements, most of them toxic for human health. During the last years, there has been a significant increase in the use of e-cigarettes, although the role of them as source of inorganic elements has not been well established. A cross-sectional study including a total of 150 subjects from Brasov (Romania), divided into three groups (non-smokers, cigarette smokers and electronic cigarettes smokers) were recruited to disclose the role of smoking on the human exposure to inorganic elements...
June 13, 2018: Environmental Research
D Torumkuney, M Nica, I Nistor, R Vatcheva-Dobrevska, V Petrovic, A Stoica, B Hanicar, Dj Antic, I Morrissey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Réka Lukács, Marcel Guillong, Axel K Schmitt, Kata Molnár, Olivier Bachmann, Szabolcs Harangi
This article provides laser-ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) and secondary ionization mass spectrometry (SIMS) U-Pb and U-Th zircon dates for crystals separated from Late Pleistocene dacitic lava dome rocks of the Ciomadul Volcanic Dome Complex (Eastern Carpathians, Romania). The analyses were performed on unpolished zircon prism faces (termed rim analyses) and on crystal interiors exposed through mechanical grinding an polishing (interior analyses). 206 Pb/238 U ages are corrected for Th-disequilibrium based on published and calculated distribution coefficients for U and Th using average whole-rock and individually analyzed zircon compositions...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Laura Endres, Diana Uivaroşan, Delia Mirela Ţiţ, Ovidiu Pop, Simona Bungău, Camelia Buhaş
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Mihai Miclăuș, Octavian Micu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Nature
B D Burghele, A Cucos, B Papp, Florin A Stetca, I Mirea, S Constantin
In many countries, caves can pose an economic interest for the authorities and stakeholders. The development of a show cave requires, apart from the conservation issues, to ensure the human safety by minimising the exposure to radon for cave personnel and visitors. Radon levels can vary widely from cave to cave, being directly correlated with different internal and external factors. It is therefore important to monitor radon levels before establishing the number of personnel required, so that they are not exposed to health-threatening levels of radiation...
June 12, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Grzegorz Zwierzchowski, Burim N Ametaj
The objective of this meta-analytical study was to investigate selected macrominerals, microminerals, and toxic heavy metals in the bovine whole raw milk samples of published data. An analytical dataset was constructed from 72 different studies from 37 countries with two types of production systems: conventional production system (CPS) and organic production system (OPS) compared to commercially or retail store available milk (COM). Results of the meta-analytical study showed differences in the concentrations of macrominerals...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Atul Deodhar, Alice B Gottlieb, Wolf-Henning Boehncke, Bin Dong, Yuhua Wang, Yanli Zhuang, William Barchuk, Xie L Xu, Elizabeth C Hsia
BACKGROUND: Guselkumab, a human monoclonal antibody that binds to the p19 subunit of interleukin 23, has been approved for the treatment of moderate-to-severe psoriasis. Psoriatic arthritis is a common comorbidity of psoriasis with an umet need for novel treatments. We assessed the efficacy and safety of guselkumab in patients with active psoriatic arthritis. METHODS: We did a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2a trial at 34 rheumatology and dermatology practices in Canada, Germany, Poland, Romania, Russia, Spain, and the USA...
June 2, 2018: Lancet
S Richa, M Masson, S-P Tawil
The French School of Psychiatry has characteristics which are proper to it, and it conveys many notions related to health care, in addition to the accompaniment and the comprehension of mentally ill people and mental illness. These notions are specific to the French culture. Thus, famous French psychiatrists have described many syndromes and discovered the first neuroleptic, chlorpromazine. Among these psychiatrists: Pinel, Esquirol, Janet, Ey, Delay and Deniker. Furthermore, the first World Psychiatry Congress was held in Paris in 1950...
June 8, 2018: L'Encéphale
L Pirtea, O Balint, C Secosan, D Grigoras, R Ilina
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To present a case of a cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy treated by laparoscopic resection followed by isthmocele repair. DESIGN: Case report SETTINGS: University Gynecology Clinic of the Emergency Clinical City Hospital Timișoara, România. BACKGROUND: Cesarean scar pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy. In the last years its prevalence has risen due to the increasing number of cesarean section. An early diagnosis can lead to an early management decreasing the risk of life-threatening complication such as uterine rupture and massive haemorrhage...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Mihaela Cudalbeanu, Ioana Otilia Ghinea, Bianca Furdui, Durand Dah-Nouvlessounon, Robert Raclea, Teodor Costache, Iulia Elena Cucolea, Florentina Urlan, Rodica Mihaela Dinica
Nymphaea alba is an aquatic flowering plant from the Nymphaeaceae family that has been used for hundreds of years in traditional herbal medicine. The plant is characterized by different phytochemicals, depending on the geographical location. Herein, we have carried out, for the first time, the separation and HPLC-MS/MS identification of some antioxidant compounds, such as polyphenols and flavonoids from N. alba extracts from the Danube Delta Biosphere, and investigated their possible antiradical properties...
May 23, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
István Máthé, Erika Tóth, Anikó Mentes, Attila Szabó, Károly Márialigeti, Peter Schumann, Tamás Felföldi
A novel isolate, strain SA-276T , was isolated from the water of Lake St. Ana, a crater lake which is located in Romania. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene revealed that the new strain is a member of the family Rhizobiaceae, showing a high pairwise similarity value (97.65%) to Rhizobium tubonense CCBAU 85046T (= DSM 25379T ), Rhizobium leguminosarum USDA 2370T (= LMG 14904T ), Rhizobium anhuiense CCBAU 23252T and Rhizobium laguerreae FB206T . Cells of strain SA-276T were rod-shaped, motile, oxidase negative and weakly catalase positive...
June 7, 2018: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Laurentiu-Mihai Ciupescu, Frederic Auvray, Isabela Madalina Nicorescu, Thomas Meheut, Veronica Ciupescu, Anne-Laure Lardeux, Rodica Tanasuica, Jacques-Antoine Hennekinne
To an increasing extent, molecular and genetic characterization is now used to investigate foodborne outbreaks. The aim of this study was to seek molecular links among coagulase-positive staphylococci (CPS) isolated from three recent food poisoning outbreaks in Romania using polymerase chain reaction and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) techniques. Nineteen CPS isolates were identified as Staphylococcus aureus by detection of the 23S rDNA gene. Among them, 15 carried at least one staphylococcal enterotoxin-encoding gene (se)...
June 5, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Dan V Poenaru, Manuel D Oprea
AIM OF THE STUDY: To offer a glimpse into the orthopaedic practice in Romania during the nineteenth century and the first decades of the twentieth century, corresponding to a period when this surgical specialty was defining itself. INTRODUCTION: As in other parts of the world, in Romania, the orthopaedics and traumatology specialty derived from the main general surgery core. At the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, Romanian doctors were eager to improve and to further develop the medical practice in their home country and, thus, the development of the orthopaedics and traumatology also benefited from this enthusiasm...
June 6, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Piotr Romaniuk, Krzysztof Kaczmarek, Magdalena Syrkiewicz-Świtała, Tomasz Holecki, Adam R Szromek
The effectiveness of health systems is an area of constant interest for public health researchers and practitioners. The varied approach to effectiveness itself has resulted in numerous methodological proposals related to its measurement. The limitations of the currently used methods lead to a constant search for better tools for the assessment of health systems. This article shows the possibilities of using the health system synthetic outcome measure (SOM) for this purpose. It is an original tool using 41 indicators referring to the epidemiological situation, health behaviors, and factors related to the health-care system, which allows a relatively quick and easy assessment of the health system in terms of its effectiveness...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Carmen Tereanu, Scott Alan Smith, Mugurel Stefan Ghelase, Giuseppe Sampietro, Adrian Molnar, Antoaneta Dragoescu, Florentina Ligia Furtunescu, Camelia Stanescu, Olguta Alice Gavrila, Anca Patrascu, Andreea Loredana Golli, Manuela Dragomir
Objective: To explore psychometrics of the Romanian version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPS) released by the US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality in 2004. Material and methods: The original US survey with 12 composites and 42 items was translated (back translation method), pre-tested on a few staff and then minimally adjusted. A qualitative cross-sectional study was carried out in units from six hospitals in four Romanian regions, based on the census of medical and non-medical staff (n...
March 2018: Mædica
Monica Licker, Teodora Sorescu, Maria Rus, Natalia Cirlea, Florin Horhat, Cristiana Jurescu, Mircea Botoca, Alin Cumpănaş, Romulus Timar, Delia Muntean
Purpose: We report an outbreak of urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by Myroides odoratimimus , which occurred in the largest clinical hospital in western Romania. Patients and methods: From June to August 2017, four strains of M. odoratimimus were isolated from the urine samples of patients hospitalized in the urology, diabetes, and surgery departments. Hospital records of all patients whose urine cultures were positive for M. odoratimimus were reviewed retrospectively...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
Iosif Vorovencii
Protected areas (PAs) represent real cornerstones in the conservation of biodiversity and natural habitats. Their protection must be a priority today for each society. The enhanced socio-economic requirements increase the pressure upon protected areas, and the effect can result in a reduction of biodiversity. The aim of this study is to quantify forest fragmentation in the pre- (1986-2002) and post-establishment (2002-2016) periods, inside and around (buffer 1, buffer 2 and buffer 3) Apuseni Natural Park (ANP), Romania, using a series of classified Landsat satellite images and six landscape metrics...
May 30, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
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