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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732399/analysis-of-emerging-organic-contaminants-in-water-fish-and-suspended-particulate-matter-spm-in-the-joint-danube-survey-using-solid-phase-extraction-followed-by-uhplc-ms-ms-and-gc-ms-analysis
#1
Robert Loos, Simona Tavazzi, Giulio Mariani, Gert Suurkuusk, Bruno Paracchini, Gunther Umlauf
In the third Joint Danube Survey (JDS3), emerging organic contaminants were analysed in the dissolved water phase of samples from the Danube River and its major tributaries. Analyses were performed using solid-phase extraction (SPE) followed by ultra-high-pressure liquid chromatography triple-quadrupole mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS-MS) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The polar organic compounds analysed by UHPLC-MS-MS were 1H-benzotriazole, methylbenzotriazoles, carbamazepine, 10,11-dihydro-10,11-dihydroxy-carbamazepine, diclofenac, sulfamethox-azole, 2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid), MCPA (2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid), metolachlor, cybutryne (irgarol), terbutryn, DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide), and several perfluoroalkyl acids (C6-C9; C8=perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)) and perfluorooctansulfonic acid (PFOS)...
July 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730264/is-the-human-embryo-legally-defined-and-protected-causes-and-consequences
#2
Maria Aluaş, Claudia Diana Gherman, Cristiana Iulia Dumitrescu
"Everyone's right to life shall be protected by law", states the article 2 of the European Convention of Human Rights (1950). This article guarantees the protection of life of all persons. The human embryo, however, does not seem to be under the protection of this article, or, at least not always. The human embryo does not have a nature clearly defined and it is not considered always as person. The law protects only two categories by its ordinary regulations: things and persons. Our main objective is to find out if the human embryo is or not protected, according to the legal framework in Romania...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730259/clinical-manifestations-and-morphological-changes-in-one-case-with-post-stroke-kl%C3%A3-ver-bucy-syndrome
#3
Nicolae Cătălin Hreniuc, Carmen NeamŢu, Mircea Florin Sferdian, Cristina Georgiana Ghib Para, Cris Virgiliu Precup, Ioan Ioiart
We present the case of a 71-year-old right-handed male, admitted to the Department of Neurology, Emergency County Hospital of Arad, Romania, on November 2015, with a rare case of Klüver-Bucy syndrome (KBS), following an ischemic stroke of the right temporal lobe, which was previously diagnosed in December 2014 and was treated accordingly. At the moment of second hospital admission, the patient was found somnolent and confused at home, with traumatic signs of biting of the tongue and urine emission. A couple days after admission, our patient became alert and presented hypersexuality, hypermetamorphosis, increased oral tendency, behavior changes including apathy with loss of anger and fear, and a very increased appetite, transient visual agnosia and right-left disorientation...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730247/intramuscular-human-dirofilaria-repens-infection-of-the-temporal-region-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Mircea IonuŢ GheorghiŢă, Mircea Cătălin ForŢofoiu, Cristiana Iulia Dumitrescu, Daniela Dumitrescu, Adrian Camen, Claudiu Mărgăritescu
Dirofilariasis is a zoonotic worldwide-distributed disease, especially in regions with warm to temperate climate, where it recently recorded a significant increase of prevalence. A 61-year-old female, a dog owner, residing in the Southwest of Romania, near a swamp, developed a painless nodule in the left temporal region. The contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a temporal intramuscular cystic lesion. The surgical exploration confirmed the lesion as with intramuscular localization. The histopathology and biochemistry investigations established as a cause of the lesion an infestation with Dirofilaria repens species...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730246/spontaneous-cholecystocutaneous-fistula-as-a-primary-manifestation-of-gallbladder-adenocarcinoma-associated-with-gallbladder-lithiasis-case-report
#5
Bogdan Vasile Micu, Octavian Aurel Andercou, Carmen Maria Micu, Valentin Militaru, IonuŢ Isaia Jeican, Cătălina Ileana Bungărdean, Stelian ŞtefăniŢă Mogoantă, Dan Radu Miclăuş, Tudor Radu Pop
Spontaneous cholecystocutaneous fistula (SCF) is a rare complication of neglected calculous biliary disease and also an extremely rare complication of gallbladder neoplasm. This pathology has become even rarer because of prompt diagnosis and expedient surgical intervention for gallstones. So far, there is one published report of a SCF due to gallbladder adenocarcinoma. We present the case of a woman aged 87 years, admitted to the Vth Department of Surgery, Clinical Municipal Hospital of Cluj-Napoca (Romania) for a tumoral mass located in the epigastrium...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730240/a-16-year-retrospective-study-of-dacryocystitis-in-adult-patients-in-the-moldavia-region-romania
#6
Claudia Florida Costea, Gabriela FlorenŢa Dumitrescu, Mihaela Dana Turliuc, Gabriela Dimitriu, Mădălina Adriana Chihaia, Lucia Indrei, Nicoleta Dumitrescu, Andrei Cucu, Alexandru Cărăuleanu, Cristina Maria Gavrilescu, Irina Iuliana Costache
PURPOSE: Chronic dacryocystitis (CD) is an inflammation of the lacrimal sac and nasolacrimal duct with a long-standing evolution. The aims of this study were to analyze the epidemiology and to evaluate the histopathological features and the chronic inflammation score (CIS) system of chronic dacryocystitis in the region of Moldavia, Romania, over a period of 16 years. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective descriptive analysis of all pathological reports of chronic dacryocystitis from the Department of Pathology, "Prof...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730232/implications-of-inflammation-and-remodeling-of-the-enteric-glial-cells-in-colorectal-adenocarcinoma
#7
Elena Anca Târtea, Cristina Florescu, IonuŢ Donoiu, Daniel Pirici, Alexandru Radu Mihailovici, Valeria Carmen Albu, Tudor Adrian Bălşeanu, Maria Iancău, Carmen Daniela Badea, Cristin Constantin Vere, Veronica Sfredel
AIM: The aim of our study was to assess glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) glial cell phenotype in the enteric nervous system (ENS) in colorectal adenocarcinoma of different tumor grading and, also, to establish correlations between these changes and the tumor proliferative activity and the tumor-infiltrating leukocytes. PATIENTS, MATERIALS AND METHODS: We ran an observational, prospective study on a group of 52 patients diagnosed with colorectal adenocarcinoma...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730223/histopathological-diagnosis-and-its-correlations-with-anatomoclinical-features-surgical-approach-and-postoperative-prognosis-in-sacral-tumors
#8
Oana Ilona David, Corina Veronica Lupaşcu-Ursulescu, Cristian Dumitru Lupaşcu, Aurelia Mihaela Sandu, Victor Dan Eugen Strâmbu, Daniel Alin Cristian, Ştefan Iulian Bedereag, Irina Alexandra Calangea, Elena Violeta Radu, IonuŢ Simion Coman, Vlad Andrei Porojan, Valentin Titus Grigorean
INTRODUCTION: Sacral tumors encompass numerous histopathological types. They represent an uncommon pathology and, when diagnosed, they are often in advanced stage of the disease, becoming a therapeutic challenge. The correct treatment of a sacral tumor should be established by a multidisciplinary team that will assess the exact anatomical, imagistic and histopathological characteristic of the tumors thus choosing an optimal surgical approach while taking into consideration the risk of recurrence...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730222/tuberculosis-and-its-particularities-in-romania-and-worldwide
#9
Floarea Mimi NiŢu, Mihai Olteanu, Costin Teodor Streba, Gabriela Jimborean, Paraschiva Postolache, Milena Adina Man, Antigona Carmen Trofor, Roxana Maria Nemeş, Livia Dragonu, Mădălina Olteanu
Tuberculosis (TB) is a global health issue, with a rising incidence since the beginning of this century. It poses a severe mortality risk and also poses a serious economic risk as it reduces the working capacity of an individual in the most productive part of life. Developing countries face widespread tuberculosis infection - up to 95% of all cases and 98% of deaths, respectively. It is a highly contagious infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (the Koch bacillus) that can be contracted from either humans or animal hosts...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727796/effects-of-health-risk-assessment-and-counselling-on-physical-activity-in-older-people-a-pragmatic-randomised-trial
#10
Anna Marie Herghelegiu, André Moser, Gabriel Ioan Prada, Stephan Born, Matthias Wilhelm, Andreas E Stuck
BACKGROUND: Interventions to increase physical activity (PA) among older community-dwelling adults may be enhanced by using multidimensional health risk assessment (HRA) as a basis for PA counselling. METHODS: The study was conducted among nondisabled but mostly frail persons 65 years of age and older at an ambulatory geriatric clinic in Bucharest, Romania. From May to July 2014, 200 participants were randomly allocated to intervention and control groups. Intervention group participants completed an initial HRA questionnaire and then had monthly counselling sessions with a geriatrician over a period of six months that were aimed at increasing low or maintaining higher PA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726040/assessing-predicted-age-specific-breast-cancer-mortality-rates-in-27-european-countries-by-2020
#11
R Clèries, R M Rooney, M Vilardell, J A Espinàs, T Dyba, J M Borras
BACKGROUND: We assessed differences in predicted breast cancer (BC) mortality rates, across Europe, by 2020, taking into account changes in the time trends of BC mortality rates during the period 2000-2010. METHODS: BC mortality data, for 27 European Union (EU) countries, were extracted from the World Health Organization mortality database. First, we compared BC mortality data between time periods 2000-2004 and 2006-2010 through standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) and carrying out a graphical assessment of the age-specific rates...
July 19, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723764/increased-nuchal-translucency-in-fetuses-with-a-normal-karyotype-diagnosis-and-management-an-observational-study
#12
Demetra Socolov, Razvan Socolov, Vlad Eusebiu Gorduza, Tudor Butureanu, Ruxandra Stanculescu, Alexandru Carauleanu, Ioana Pavaleanu
The use of nuchal translucency (NT) in 1992 by Nicolaides et al was a major breakthrough in screening for chromosomal aneuploidies at the end of the first trimester. However, pathological conditions other than chromosomal aneuploidies are also associated with increased NT, which can also be detected in normal fetuses. This study sought to evaluate the causes of this ultrasound sign in a group of patients from Iasi, Romania.During the decade-long study period, there were 71 certified cases involving increased NT; the patients in these cases underwent diagnostic amniocentesis and karyotyping...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711578/breast-cancer-in-south-eastern-european-countries-since-2000-rising-incidence-and-decreasing-mortality-at-young-and-middle-ages
#13
Nadya Dimitrova, Ariana Znaor, Dominic Agius, Sultan Eser, Mario Sekerija, Anton Ryzhov, Maja Primic-Žakelj, Jan Willem Coebergh
BACKGROUND: Marked variations exist in the incidence and mortality trends of major cancers in South-Eastern European (SEE) countries which have now been detailed by age for breast cancer (BC) to seek clues for improvement. METHODS: We brought together and analysed data from 14 cancer registries (CRs), situated in SEE countries or directly adjacent. Age-standardised rate at world standard (ASRw) and truncated incidence and mortality rates during 2000-2010 by year, and for four age groups, were calculated...
July 13, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707006/editorial
#14
EDITORIAL
Guntram Lock
Dear colleagues, It is a pleasure to introduce you to the 2nd issue of UIO in 2017, demonstrating, again, the wide applications and promising developments in ultrasonography. The issue starts with a special editorial from Ioan Sporea from Romania, very well known for his scientific work on the clinical significance of elastography. Dr. Sporea outlines the central role of modern sonographic techniques for clinical decision making in modern hepatology. Together with the great advances in the treatment of chronic viral hepatitis, ultrasonography with elastography and CEUS as a "one stop shopping" facility may give us all the information we need to proceed to treatment, thus superseding liver biopsy in many (though definitively not all) patients with liver disease...
April 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705255/filarioid-infections-in-wild-carnivores-a-multispecies-survey-in-romania
#15
Angela Monica Ionică, Ioana Adriana Matei, Gianluca D'Amico, Jana Ababii, Aikaterini Alexandra Daskalaki, Attila D Sándor, Dorin Valter Enache, Călin Mircea Gherman, Andrei Daniel Mihalca
BACKGROUND: Filarioids are vector-borne parasitic nematodes of vertebrates. In Europe, eight species of filarioids, including zoonotic species, have been reported mainly in domestic dogs, and occasionally in wild carnivores. In Romania, infections with Dirofilaria spp. and Acanthocheilonema reconditum are endemic in domestic dogs. Despite the abundant populations of wild carnivores in the country, their role in the epidemiology of filarioid parasites remains largely unknown. The aim of the present study was to assess the host range, prevalence and distribution of filarioid infections in wild carnivores present in Romania...
July 13, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704202/the-integration-of-the-molecular-methods-in-the-diagnosis-algorithm-for-the-poliovirus-detection-in-the-sewage-water-comparing-concentration-and-detection-methods-a-pilot-study
#16
Anda Bãicuş
Introduction Two cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1(cVDPV1), from southwestern Ukraine, bordering Romania, were confirmed in 2015 and the environmental enterovirus surveillance was enhanced in our country. The molecular detection of human enteroviruses as a screening test followed by isolation on cell culture lines or sequencing could be proposed as a new diagnosis algorithm. Material and Methods The sensitivity of two molecular methods for the detection of enterovirus strains in 10 ml of sewage water (15 samples) was studied with Film Array ME panel BioFire (Biomerieux, France) and Xpert EV assay (Cepheid, USA)...
July 8, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702708/microbial-composition-and-diversity-patterns-in-deep-hyperthermal-aquifers-from-the-western-plain-of-romania
#17
Cecilia M Chiriac, Andreea Baricz, Edina Szekeres, Knut Rudi, Nicolae Dragoș, Cristian Coman
A limited number of studies have investigated the biodiversity in deep continental hyperthermal aquifers and its influencing factors. Here, we present the first description of microbial communities inhabiting the Pannonian and Triassic hyperthermal aquifers from the Western Plain of Romania, the first one being considered a deposit of "fossilized waters," while the latter is embedded in the hydrological cycle due to natural refilling. The 11 investigated drillings have an open interval between 952 and 3432 m below the surface, with collected water temperatures ranging between 47 and 104 °C, these being the first microbial communities characterized in deep continental water deposits with outflow temperatures exceeding 80 °C...
July 13, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701176/angiostrongylus-vasorum-in-romania-an-extensive-survey-in-red-foxes-vulpes-vulpes
#18
Georgiana Deak, Călin M Gherman, Angela M Ionică, Alexandru D Vezendan, Gianluca D'Amico, Ioana A Matei, Aikaterini A Daskalaki, Ionuț Marian, Aurel Damian, Vasile Cozma, Andrei D Mihalca
BACKGROUND: Angiostrongylus vasorum is the causative agent of canine angiostrongylosis, a severe snail-borne disease of dogs. Red foxes are important natural reservoirs of infection, and surveys of foxes provide a more objective picture of the parasite distribution. Our aim was to investigate the possibility of the presence of A. vasorum in red foxes from the western part of Romania and to analyse the risk factors related to the sex, age and geographic origin of the foxes. Between July 2016 and April 2017, 567 hunted red foxes from 10 counties of western Romania were examined by necropsy for the presence of lungworms...
July 12, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694861/an-uncommon-cause-of-longitudinally-extensive-transverse-myelitis
#19
Catalina Coclitu, Athena Mergeani, Teodora Parvu, Octaviana Rusu, Andrei Ciobotaru, Ovidiu Bajenaru, Florina Antochi
Considering that currently Romania has the highest tuberculosis incidence in Europe, the recognition of the infection is an acknowledged health issue. Central nervous system tuberculosis accounts for approximately 1% of all cases of tuberculosis. Longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis is a contiguous infl ammatory lesion of the spinal cord which involves three or more spinal segments. In tuberculosis, spinal cord involvement is rare and is usually rather due to radiculomyelitis or spinal tuberculoma, and only very rare due to longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis...
September 2016: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683756/patients-perceptions-of-healthcare-professionalism-a-romanian-experience
#20
Daniela Popa, Daniela Druguș, Florin Leașu, Doina Azoicăi, Angela Repanovici, Liliana Marcela Rogozea
BACKGROUND: The main objective of this cross sectional study was to assess the psychometric properties of a new research instrument. The secondary aim was to analyze patients' levels of dissatisfaction with the professionalism of medical staff. METHODS: A social survey questionnaire was created and administered online. The instrument consisted of two scales: the 30-item patient dissatisfaction scale and the 10 items institutional scale. In this article, we assessed only the patient dissatisfaction scale...
July 6, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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