keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Romania

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923286/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-female-university-students-on-menstrual-cycle-and-contraception
#1
Márta Szűcs, Tamás Bitó, Csaba Csíkos, Andrea Párducz Szöllősi, Cristian Furau, Iolanda Blidaru, Aleksandra Kapamadzija, Katarina Sedlecky, György Bártfai
Socioeconomic changes, as well as the development of new contraceptive modalities may influence women's preferences in the selection of a method of contraception. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, opinions and attitudes of female university students regarding the menstrual cycle, sexual health and contraception. A questionnaire-based survey was conducted among 2572 female university students in Hungary, Romania and Serbia, between November 2009 and January 2011. A higher proportion of students of health sciences than students of other faculties had appropriate knowledge of the fertile period within a menstrual cycle: 86...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919233/sexual-health-questions-included-in-the-health-behaviour-in-school-aged-children-hbsc-study-an-international-methodological-pilot-investigation
#2
Honor Young, András Költő, Marta Reis, Elizabeth M Saewyc, Nathalie Moreau, Lorraine Burke, Alina Cosma, Béat Windlin, Saoirse Nic Gabhainn, Emmanuelle Godeau
BACKGROUND: This paper describes the methodological developments of the sexual health items included in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study since their mandatory inclusion in the study in 2002. The current methodological, ethical and pedagogical challenges in measuring young people's sexual health behaviours are discussed along with the issues associated with the sexual health items introduced to the HBSC study in 2002. The development and piloting of new cross-national items for use in the 2013/14 HBSC data collection are presented and discussed...
December 5, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903061/geographic-distribution-of-canine-heartworm-dirofilaria-immitis-infection-in-stray-dogs-of-eastern-romania
#3
Lavinia Ciucă, Vincenzo Musella, Liviu D Miron, Maria Paola Maurelli, Giuseppe Cringoli, Antonio Bosco, Laura Rinaldi
A survey was conducted in the eastern part of Romania to assess the prevalence and geographical distribution of Dirofilaria immitis in dogs. Plasma samples were collected from 458 stray dogs hosted in shelters in 8 counties and tested serologically for the presence of heartworm. In addition, 45 blood samples from dogs of a shelter in Galati city were examined by the modified Knott and multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques. The immmunological assay showed a heartworm infection prevalence of 8...
November 21, 2016: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902266/rhodococcus-sovatensis-sp-nov-a-novel-actinomycete-isolated-from-the-hypersaline-and-heliothermal-lake-ursu-sovata-romania
#4
András Táncsics, István Máthé, Tibor Benedek, Erika M Tóth, Ewelina Atasayar, Cathrin Spröer, Károly Márialigeti, Tamás Felföldi, Balázs Kriszt
A Gram-positive, strictly aerobic, mesophilic bacterium, designated H004T, was isolated from water sample of the hypersaline and heliothermal Lake Ursu, Sovata, Romania. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain H004T formed a distinct phyletic lineage within the genus Rhodococcus. It shared the highest 16S rRNA gene similarity with Rhodococcus yunnanensis YIM 70056T (98.80%), followed by Rhodococcus fascians LMG 3623T (98.73%), Rhodococcus cercidiphylli YIM 65003T (98.73%), Rhodococcus cerastii C5T (98...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895603/neighborhood-deprivation-negatively-impacts-children-s-prosocial-behavior
#5
Lou Safra, Teodora Tecu, Stéphane Lambert, Mark Sheskin, Nicolas Baumard, Coralie Chevallier
Children show stronger cooperative behavior in experimental settings as they get older, but little is known about how the environment of a child shapes this development. In adults, prosocial behavior toward strangers is markedly decreased in low socio-economic status (SES) neighborhoods, suggesting that environmental harshness has a negative impact on some prosocial behaviors. Similar results have been obtained with 9-year-olds recruited from low vs. high SES schools. In the current study, we investigate whether these findings generalize to a younger age group and a developing country...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892855/application-of-ethnobotanical-repellents-and-acaricides-in-prevention-control-and-management-of-livestock-ticks-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Roman Pavela, Angelo Canale, Heinz Mehlhorn, Giovanni Benelli
Ticks transmit at least the same number or even more pathogens than any other group of blood-feeding arthropods worldwide affecting humans and animals. The eco-friendly control and management of tick vectors in a constantly changing environment is a crucial challenge. Besides the development of vaccines against ticks, IPM practices aimed at reducing tick interactions with livestock, emerging pheromone-based control tools, and few biological control agents, the extensive employment of acaricides and tick repellents still remain the most effective and ready-to-use strategies...
September 9, 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891219/environmental-selection-is-a-main-driver-of-divergence-in-house-sparrows-passer-domesticus-in-romania-and-bulgaria
#7
Julia C Geue, Csongor I Vágási, Mona Schweizer, Péter L Pap, Henri A Thomassen
Both neutral and adaptive evolutionary processes can cause population divergence, but their relative contributions remain unclear. We investigated the roles of these processes in population divergence in house sparrows (Passer domesticus) from Romania and Bulgaria, regions characterized by high landscape heterogeneity compared to Western Europe. We asked whether morphological divergence, complemented with genetic data in this human commensal species, was best explained by environmental variation, geographic distance, or landscape resistance-the effort it takes for an individual to disperse from one location to the other-caused by either natural or anthropogenic barriers...
November 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884504/a-critical-examination-of-the-definition-of-psychoactive-effect-in-australian-drug-legislation
#8
Monica J Barratt, Kate Seear, Kari Lancaster
As the number of new 'psychoactive substances' detected globally has risen exponentially, the policy response of assessing and prohibiting each new substance individually has become increasingly unworkable. In an attempt to disrupt the availability of new as-yet-unscheduled substances, Ireland (2010), Poland (2011), Romania (2012), New Zealand (2013), Australia (2015) and the United Kingdom (2016) have enacted generic or blanket ban legislation that prohibits all 'psychoactive substances' that are not already regulated or belong to exempt categories...
November 21, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881276/the-development-of-the-romanian-scorecard-hta-system
#9
Ciprian-Paul Radu, Nona Delia Chiriac, Alexandra Mihaela Pravat
OBJECTIVES: To present the characteristics of the scorecard health technology assessment (HTA) implemented since 2014 and to show the results of this HTA process by the end of 2015. METHODS: The health care context and the Romanian HTA legislation were studied while considering the reasons behind HTA introduction, the key stakeholders, and the HTA process as a whole. A critical appraisal was done covering public HTA reports and the decisions made by the Ministry of Health...
September 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881131/an-evaluation-of-equity-and-equality-in-physical-activity-policies-in-four-european-countries
#10
Riitta-Maija Hämäläinen, Petru Sandu, Ahmed M Syed, Mette W Jakobsen
BACKGROUND: There is strong research evidence on the importance of health equity and equality for wellbeing in societies. As chronic non-communicable diseases are widespread, the positive impact of physical activity (PA) on health has gained importance. However, PA at the population level is far from optimal. PA depends not only on individual factors, but also on policies for PA in sport, health, transport, education and other sectors, on social and cultural factors, and on the environment...
November 24, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874317/within-culture-variation-in-the-content-of-stereotypes-application-and-development-of-the-stereotype-content-model-in-an-eastern-european-culture
#11
Adrian Stanciu, J Christopher Cohrs, Katja Hanke, Alin Gavreliuc
There is little and unsystematic evidence about whether the content of stereotypes can vary within a culture. Using the Stereotype Content Model (SCM) as a theoretical framework, in two studies we examined the content of stereotypes in an Eastern European culture, namely Romania. Data were collected from four regions prototypical in terms of economic and social development in Romania, and we examined whether the content of stereotypes varies across these regions. As expected, the findings confirm the applicability of the SCM in Romania to reveal culture-specific stereotypes, and provide initial support for within-culture variation in the content of stereotypes...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871286/maxillary-calcifying-epithelial-odontogenic-tumor-with-sinus-and-buccal-vestibule-extension-a-case-report-and-immunohistochemical-study
#12
Cristina Munteanu, Daniel Pirici, Alex Emilian Stepan, Adrian Camen, Claudiu Margaritescu
BACKGROUND: Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) is a rare benign neoplasia, locally aggressive, that tends to invade bone and adjacent soft tissues. This case report describes the thirteenth known case of CEOT with maxillary sinus extension and the second one that also involves the buccal vestibule mucosa with peculiar histopathological and immunohistochemical data. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we report the case of a 45-year-old female with a CEOT diagnosed and treated at the Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Department, County Clinical Emergency Hospital of Craiova, Romania...
November 21, 2016: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866446/clinical-and-serological-one-year-follow-up-of-patients-after-the-bite-of-ixodes-ricinus-ticks-infected-with-borrelia-burgdorferi-sensu-lato
#13
Violeta T Briciu, Mirela Flonta, Doina F Ţăţulescu, Fabian Meyer, Daniela Sebah, Dumitru Cârstina, Andrei D Mihalca, Călin M Gherman, Cecilia Hizo-Teufel, Ingrid Huber, Volker Fingerle, Mihaela Lupșe
BACKGROUND: The risk of developing Lyme borreliosis (LB) after the bite of a Borrelia (B.) burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.) infected tick in Romania is unknown. METHODS: The present prospective study, performed in 2010-2011 in a hospital in Romania, has followed-up clinical and serological outcome of patients that presented with B. burgdorferi positive Ixodes (I.) ricinus bite. A second group of patients, including age, sex and residence-matched individuals bitten by B...
November 21, 2016: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857524/assessment-of-the-relationship-between-periodontal-disease-and-cardiovascular-disorders-a-questionnaire-based-study
#14
Anca Ionel, Ondine Lucaciu, Cosmina Bondor, Minodora Moga, Aranka Ilea, Claudia Feurdean, Dan Buhăţel, Lucia Hurubeanu, Radu Septimiu Câmpian
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease, characterized by the loss of connective tissue and alveolar bone. There is an increasing evidence that periodontitis is associated with a number of chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between periodontitis and certain systemic diseases by identifying their risk factors in a population from North-West Romania. METHODS: A questionnaire-based study was conducted on participants ≥45 years of age in 4 dentistry or family medicine practices from the Cluj and Bihor counties, Romania, over a time frame spanning two months...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857517/evaluation-of-the-optimal-positioning-of-subcutaneous-butterfly-when-administering-injectable-opioids-in-cancer-patients
#15
Nicoleta Mitrea, Daniela Mosoiu, Julie Vosit-Steller, Liliana Rogozea
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The increasing number of cancer patients, together with the development of new palliative care services in Romania, warrants the evaluation of nursing strategies meant to improve the level of comfort of patients who are suffering from advanced cancer. The main objective of the study was to evaluate the optimal positioning of the subcutaneous (sc) butterfly, in accordance with its resistance in the insertion tissue, the local complications that may occur, and the evaluation of the time of resistance at the insertion site (puncture) with the daily frequency of injectable opioid administration...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854187/the-time-that-comes-towards-us-the-alba-iulia-death-conferences
#16
Marius Rotar
This paper illuminates the history of the annual death conference in Alba Iulia, Romania (2007-2015), the only conference on death and dying organized in Eastern Europe. Written by the conference founder, the paper tries to set out the main lines of its development over that period. Emphasis is laid on the difficulties of expanding death studies in Romania, the reaction of the wider public to the death conference, and the collaboration beyond borders between death scholars. The papers included in this issue of Death Studies are briefly presented...
November 17, 2016: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847824/climate-change-is-increasing-the-risk-of-the-reemergence-of-malaria-in-romania
#17
Larisa Ivanescu, Ilie Bodale, Simin-Aysel Florescu, Constantin Roman, Dumitru Acatrinei, Liviu Miron
The climatic modifications lead to global warming; favouring the risk of the appearance and development of diseases are considered until now tropical diseases. Another important factor is the workers' immigration, the economic crisis favouring the passive transmission of new species of culicidae from different areas. Malaria is the disease with the widest distribution in the globe. Millions of people are infected every year in Africa, India, South-East Asia, Middle East, and Central and South America, with more than 41% of the global population under the risk of infestation with malaria...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837411/first-study-on-characterization-of-virulence-and-antibiotic-resistance-genes-in-verotoxigenic-and-enterotoxigenic-e-coli-isolated-from-raw-milk-and-unpasteurized-traditional-cheeses-in-romania
#18
Alexandra Tabaran, Marian Mihaiu, Flaviu Tăbăran, Liora Colobatiu, Oana Reget, Mihai Marian Borzan, Sorin Daniel Dan
The study focused on the incidence of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) and verotoxigenic E. coli (VTEC) in raw milk and traditional dairy cheeses marketed in Romania, characterizing the virulence and antibiotic resistance genes of these isolates. One hundred and twenty samples of raw milk and 80 samples of unpasteurized telemy cheese were collected and cultured according to the international standard protocol. All the characteristic E. coli cultures were analyzed for the presence of STa, STb, LT, stx1, and stx2 toxicity genes...
November 11, 2016: Folia Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834940/high-prevalence-of-viral-hepatitis-in-a-series-of-splenic-marginal-zone-lymphomas-from-romania
#19
B Fetica, B Pop, M L Blaga, A Fulop, D Dima, M T Zdrenghea, C I Vlad, A S Bojan, P Achimas-Cadariu, C I Lisencu, A Irimie, D D Weisenburger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2016: Blood Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833967/diagnosing-hiv-associated-cerebral-diseases-the-importance-of-neuropathology-in-understanding-hiv
#20
Ioan Alexandru Diaconu, LaurenŢiu MihăiŢă Stratan, Luciana Nichita, Victoria Aramă, Valentina Ruxandra Moroti Constantinescu, Alexandra Ioana Diaconu, Daniela Adriana Ion
The study aims to compare two aspects concerning the diagnosis of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-associated central nervous system (CNS) pathology (neuroAIDS): clinical diagnoses issued ante mortem with pathology results issued post mortem. The group of 39 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients was created over 23 years and is limited by marked heterogeneity. The enrolled cases were treated at the "Prof. Dr. Matei Bals" National Institute for Infectious Diseases, Bucharest, Romania, deceased due to AIDS-related complications and underwent brain necropsies performed in the Pathology Laboratory at the "Colentina" Clinical Hospital, Bucharest...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
keyword
keyword
10098
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"