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D Porea, A Anita, A Demange, C Raileanu, L Oslobanu Ludu, D Anita, G Savuta, N Pavio
In industrialized countries, Hepatitis E is a recognized zoonosis, with wild boar and swine representing the main reservoirs for zoonotic genotype HEV-3 in Europe. Data related to HEV infection in wild boar population in Romania are restricted to serological surveys. Therefore, our main goal was to determine the HEV prevalence in wild boar population and to characterize HEV strains circulating in Romania. Using TaqMan real-time RT-PCR assay, we analyzed the presence of RNA HEV in 45 liver samples and five spleen samples collected from 50 wild boars...
October 12, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Sabrina Cheng, Katherine M Keyes, Adina Bitfoi, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Ceren Koç, Dietmar Goelitz, Roy Otten, Sigita Lesinskiene, Zlatka Mihova, Ondine Pez, Viviane Kovess-Masfety
Assessments of child psychopathology are often derived from parental and teacher reports, yet there is substantial disagreement. This study utilized data from 7 European countries to examine parent-teacher agreement and possible explanatory factors for parent-teacher disagreement such as child and family characteristics, parenting dimensions, and maternal distress were explored. Parent-teacher agreement of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were assessed using a cross-sectional survey of 4,894 school aged children 6-11 from the School Children Mental Health Europe Project...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Mihaela Grigore, Razvan Popovici, Anda Pristavu, Ana Maria Grigore, Mioara Matei, Dumitru Gafitanu
Background: In 2012 the National Screening Program for all women between 25 and 64 years of age was launched in Romania. Public awareness is an important factor in the success of a screening program. For this reason, we intended to assess the perception and the level of awareness of Romanian women regarding the Pap test in the prevention of cervical cancer. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 454 women from rural and urban areas. For our study, we used a questionnaire covering general characteristics, awareness, knowledge and practices regarding cervical cancer and Pap smear...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
Simona Paraschiv, Leontina Banica, Ionelia Nicolae, Iulia Niculescu, Adrian Abagiu, Raluca Jipa, Andrea-Clemencia Pineda-Peña, Marta Pingarilho, Emil Neaga, Kristof Theys, Pieter Libin, Dan Otelea, Ana Abecasis
Co-infections with HIV and HCV are very frequent among people who inject drugs (PWID). However, very few studies comparatively reconstructed the transmission patterns of both viruses in the same population. We have recruited 117 co-infected PWID during a recent HIV outbreak in Romania. Phylogenetic analyses were performed on HIV and HCV sequences in order to characterize and compare transmission dynamics of the two viruses. Three large HIV clusters (2 subtype F1 and one CRF14_BG) and thirteen smaller HCV transmission networks (genotypes 1a, 1b, 3a, 4a and 4d) were identified...
2017: PloS One
Dumitru Mihăilă, Petruț-Ionel Bistricean, Liliana Gina Lazurca, Andrei-Emil Briciu
The study addresses the climatic water deficit (WD) and surplus (WE) in the area located between the heights of the Eastern Carpathians (Romania) and the Dniester River (Moldova). The objective of this study is to discover the trend of WD/WE (past and future) and its variation in space. WD and WE were calculated as the difference between the amounts of precipitation (P) and the reference evapotranspiration (ET0). The P-ET0 trend, analyzed through Mann-Kendall and t tests, was negative for 83 and 80% of the analyzed stations and the Sen's slope had values between - 0...
October 8, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
B D Burghele, A Cucos, B Papp, T Dicu, D Pressyanov, D Dimitrov, I Dimitrova, S Constantin
Measurements have been carried out using four types of passive detectors in four of the most popular show caves in Romania. Three types of detectors (RSKS, RadTrak and CD) were used for radon measurements and two (Raduet and CD) for thoron measurement. Activity concentrations in air were measured in the same locations for two seasons, autumn and winter. Measured values for the different caves varied between below detection limit (5 Bq m-3) and 4024 Bq m-3 for radon and from below 10 to 583 Bq m-3 for thoron...
September 8, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Márta Péntek, Peter L Lakatos, Talitha Oorsprong, László Gulácsi, Milena Pavlova, Wim Groot, Fanni Rencz, Valentin Brodszky, Petra Baji, Crohn's Disease Research Group
AIM: To analyze access (availability, affordability and acceptability) to biologicals for Crohn's disease (CD) in ten European countries and to explore the associations between these dimensions, the uptake of biologicals and economic development. METHODS: A questionnaire-based survey combined with desk research was carried out in May 2016. Gastroenterologists from the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Spain and Sweden were invited to participate and provide data on the availability of biologicals/biosimilars, reimbursement criteria, clinical practice and prices, and use of biologicals...
September 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Seyed Fazlollah Mousavi, Marina Pana, Mohammad Feizabadi, Pantea Jalali, Maria Ghita, Dalia Denapaite, Regine Hakenbeck
High rates of penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae occur in Romania and the Iran. The mosaic structure of PBP2x was investigated in nine Iranian strains and in 15 strains from Romania to understand their evolutionary history. Mutations potentially important for β-lactam resistance were identified by comparison with related PBP2x of penicillin-sensitive reference S. mitis strains. Two main PBP2x mosaic gene families were recognized. Eight Iranian strains belonged to group 1 PBP2x with a mosaic block highly related to PBP2x of the clone Spain(23F)-1 which is widespread among international penicillin-resistant S...
October 2, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Chiara Garbarino, Maria Interisano, Alessandro Chiatante, Gianluca Marucci, Enrico Merli, Norma Arrigoni, Giuliana Cammi, Matteo Ricchi, Daniele Tonanzi, Marco Tamba, Giuseppe La Rosa, Edoardo Pozio
In Europe, Trichinella spiralis, the most dangerous species for humans of the genus Trichinella, has a patchy distribution with important foci in Eastern countries and Spain. This zoonotic pathogen was apparently not circulating among wild and domestic animals of Italy. In 2016, muscle larvae belonging to this nematode species were detected in a red fox (Vulpes vulpes) shot in the Piacenza province (Northern Italy). This parasite may have been introduced into northern Italy from eastern Europe by hunters, by a hunting dog, or by immigrants, who illegally carried infected meat in their personal baggage...
November 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
Andreas Karagiannis, Andreas Skolarikos, Emanuel Alexandrescu, Dragoslav Basic, Petrisor Geavlete, Alessandro Maletta, A Yaser Muslumanoglu, Athanasios Papatsoris, Kremena Petkova, Skender Saidi, Aleksandar Skakic, Iliya Saltirov, Kemal Sarica, Sotir Stavridis, Omer Yilmaz, Alberto Trinchieri
OBJECTIVE: To investigate some epidemiological aspects of kidney stones in the South- Eastern European area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From September 2015 to December 2015, 538 consecutive patients were treated and evaluated for reno-ureteral stones in eight departments in Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, FYR Macedonia, Romania, Serbia and Turkey. RESULTS: The age of onset was lower in Turkey and higher in Italy. The rate of recurrent patients was higher in Romania and Serbia, while first renal stone formers were more frequent in Italy...
October 3, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
(no author information available yet)
Originally from Iaşi, Romania, Dana received her bachelor's degree in pharmaceutical sciences and a master's degree in molecular and cellular biology from Tohoku University in Sendai, Japan. For her PhD, she joined the lab of Takemi Enomoto to work on DNA replication and recombination in yeast. After a short postdoc with Kunihiro Ohta at the RIKEN laboratory in Wako, Dana took a position as a staff scientist with Marco Foiani at the Institute of Molecular Oncology Foundation (IFOM) in Milan, Italy. There, she became a junior group leader in 2008 and tenured principal investigator in 2013...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
Róbert Szép, Elena Mateescu, Aurelia Cristina Nechifor, Ágnes Keresztesi
A study of precipitation chemistry was conducted for 11 years (01 January 2006-31 December 2016) in the Ciuc basin, Eastern Carpathians, Romania. The studied area is an enclosed basin, also called "the Carpathians cold pole." All collected samples were analyzed for major cations and anions. HCO3(-) concentrations were calculated based on the empirical relationship between pH and HCO3(-). The multiannual arithmetic mean of pH values was found to be 6.57. The lowest and highest pH values were measured in 2009 and 2013, being 6...
October 1, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Lucy McDonnell, David Armstrong, Mark Ashworth, Alexandru Dregan, Umer Malik, Patrick White
Background: : Antimicrobial resistance in invasive infections is driven mainly by human antimicrobial consumption. Limited cross-national comparative evidence exists about variation in antimicrobial consumption and effect on resistance. Methods: We examined the relationship between national community antimicrobial consumption rates (2013) and national hospital antimicrobial resistance rates (2014) across 29 countries in the European Economic Area (EEA). Consumption rates were obtained from the European Surveillance of Antimicrobial Consumption Network (ESAC-Net)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Banu Çakir, Ayse Tas, Tugçe Mehlika Sanver, Dilek Aslan
Background: Evidence suggests that advice from motivated physicians to their smoking patients is effective in promoting smoking cessation. Yet, detection rate of smokers is often low and, the proportion of smokers receiving special advice to quit varies. This study aimed to detect how frequently European physicians enquire about their patients' smoking status, and to compare and contrast how (if any) smokers benefit from physicians' enquiry and/or advice about smoking cessation. Methods: The study was based on secondary analysis of data from six European countries that conducted Global Adult Tobacco Survey, namely, Greece, Poland, Romania, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
Martin O Andersson, Lidia Chitimia-Dobler
Cercopithifilaria species are tick-transmitted filarial parasites of mammals. In Europe, three Cercopithifilaria spp. are known to parasitize dogs, all occurring mainly in the Mediterranean countries. In Romania, Cercopithifilaria bainae has been reported in a single dog in eastern Romania but the occurrence in other parts of the country is not known. To further elucidate the geographic distribution of Cercopithifilaria spp. infection, 544 ticks were collected from dogs in several locations across Romania. The presence of Cercopithifilaria spp...
September 27, 2017: Parasitology Research
Iosif Vorovencii
The desertification risk affects around 40% of the agricultural land in various regions of Romania. The purpose of this study is to analyse the risk of desertification in the south-west of Romania in the period 1984-2011 using the change vector analysis (CVA) technique and Landsat thematic mapper (TM) satellite images. CVA was applied to combinations of normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI)-albedo, NDVI-bare soil index (BI) and tasselled cap greenness (TCG)-tasselled cap brightness (TCB). The combination NDVI-albedo proved to be the best in assessing the desertification risk, with an overall accuracy of 87...
September 26, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Domnita O Badarau, Katharina Ruhe, Thomas Kühne, Eva De Clercq, Anca Colita, Bernice S Elger, Tenzin Wangmo
BACKGROUND: Decision making is a highly complex task when providing care for seriously ill children. Physicians, parents, and children face many challenges when identifying and selecting from available treatment options. METHODS: This qualitative interview study explored decision-making processes for children with cancer at different stages in their treatment in Switzerland and Romania. RESULTS: Thematic analysis of interviews conducted with parents and oncologists identified decision making as a heterogeneous process in both countries...
January 2017: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
I Agache, I C Doros, P M Leru, I Bucur, M Poenaru, C Sarafoleanu
BACKGROUND: Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) and the European Union (EU) recommend a shift to guide allergic rhinitis (AR) treatment decisions from symptom severity to disease control, using a simple visual analogue scale (VAS). Using this VAS we assessed, in a real-life study in Romania, the effectiveness of MP-AzeFlu nasal spray. METHODOLOGY: In this multi-centre, prospective, non-interventional study, 253 patients (over 11 years old) with moderate-to-severe AR were prescribed MP-AzeFlu and assessed their symptoms on a VAS (0 (not at all bothersome) to 100 mm (very bothersome)) on Days 0, 1, 3, 7 and 14...
September 24, 2017: Rhinology
David Rial-Crestelo, Ildefonso Santos-Recuero, Josep Julve, Francisco Blanco-Vaca, Miguel Torralba
A patient from Romania with extraordinarily high total cholesterol levels and clinical and biochemical features consistent with familial lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase deficiency is reported. The genetic analysis performed on our proband showed a novel homozygous mutation on codon 119 of lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase gene that causes the substitution of glycine by aspartate. The same mutation, also in homozygosis, was observed in her older sister, whereas his brother presented it in heterozygosis...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Anca Hermenean, Georgiana Gheorghiu, Miruna Silvia Stan, Hildegard Herman, Bianca Onita, Doru Puiu Ardelean, Aurel Ardelean, Mihály Braun, Miklós Zsuga, Sándor Kéki, Marieta Costache, Anca Dinischiotu
Gills are major targets for acute metal toxicity in fish, due to their permanent contact with aquatic pollutants. To assess the effects of metals on gills of the Leuciscus cephalus (chub), fish individuals were collected from two sites in the Tur River, Romania, in upstream (site 1) and downstream (site 2) of a metal pollution source. Quantitative and hyperspectral analyses showed that Zn, Sr, and Fe concentrations were significantly higher in gills from site 2 compared with site 1. Malondialdehyde and advanced oxidation protein products levels increased 17 and 28%, respectively, whereas reduced glutathione level diminished significantly in the gills of fish collected from site 2 compared to site 1...
September 22, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
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