Read by QxMD icon Read


Arnolfo Petruzziello, Samantha Marigliano, Giovanna Loquercio, Carmela Cacciapuoti
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major public health burden in Europe, causing an increasing level of liver-related morbidity and mortality, characterized by several regional variations in the genotypes distribution. A comprehensive review of the literature from 2000 to 2015 was used to gather country-specific data on prevalence and genotype distribution of HCV infection in 33 European countries (about 80 % of the European population), grouped in three geographical areas (Western, Eastern and Central Europe), as defined by the Global Burden of Diseases project (GBD)...
2016: Infectious Agents and Cancer
Lars Grossmann, Daniela Beisser, Christina Bock, Antonis Chatzinotas, Manfred Jensen, Angelika Preisfeld, Roland Psenner, Sven Rahmann, Sabina Wodniok, Jens Boenigk
Inferring ecosystem functioning and ecosystem services through inspections of the species inventory is a major aspect of ecological field studies. Ecosystem functions are often stable despite considerable species turnover. Using metatranscriptome analyses, we analyse a thus-far unparalleled freshwater dataset which comprises 21 mainland European freshwater lakes from the Sierra Nevada (Spain) to the Carpathian Mountains (Romania) and from northern Germany to the Apennines (Italy) and covers an altitudinal range from 38 m above sea level (a...
October 16, 2016: Molecular Ecology
Bernard Gallagher, Anne H Berman, Justyna Bieganski, Adele D Jones, Liliana Foca, Ben Raikes, Johanna Schiratzki, Mirjam Urban, Sara Ullman
Although international research is increasing in volume and importance, there remains a dearth of knowledge on similarities and differences in "national human research ethics" (NHREs), that is, national ethical guidelines (NEGs), Institutional Review Boards (IRBs), and research stakeholder' ethical attitudes and behaviors (EABs). We begin to address this situation by reporting upon our experiences in conducting a multinational study into the mental health of children who had a parent/carer in prison. The study was conducted in 4 countries: Germany, Great Britain, Romania, and Sweden...
October 2, 2016: Ethics & Behavior
Tara Lally
In my final year of learning disability nursing at Queen's University Belfast, I travelled to Romania with a team of nursing students for our 4-week elective placement.
September 14, 2016: Nursing Standard
Viktor Ulicsni, Ingvar Svanberg, Zsolt Molnár
BACKGROUND: There is scarce information about European folk knowledge of wild invertebrate fauna. We have documented such folk knowledge in three regions, in Romania, Slovakia and Croatia. We provide a list of folk taxa, and discuss folk biological classification and nomenclature, salient features, uses, related proverbs and sayings, and conservation. METHODS: We collected data among Hungarian-speaking people practising small-scale, traditional agriculture. We studied "all" invertebrate species (species groups) potentially occurring in the vicinity of the settlements...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Andreea Nita, Laurentiu Rozylowicz, Steluta Manolache, Cristiana Maria Ciocănea, Iulia Viorica Miu, Viorel Dan Popescu
The main funding instrument for implementing EU policies on nature conservation and supporting environmental and climate action is the LIFE Nature programme, established by the European Commission in 1992. LIFE Nature projects (>1400 awarded) are applied conservation projects in which partnerships between institutions are critical for successful conservation outcomes, yet little is known about the structure of collaborative networks within and between EU countries. The aim of our study is to understand the nature of collaboration in LIFE Nature projects using a novel application of social network theory at two levels: (1) collaboration between countries, and (2) collaboration within countries using six case studies: Western Europe (United Kingdom and Netherlands), Eastern Europe (Romania and Latvia) and Southern Europe (Greece and Portugal)...
2016: PloS One
Ani Ioana Cotar, Elena Falcuta, Liviu Florian Prioteasa, Sorin Dinu, Cornelia Svetlana Ceianu, Shlomit Paz
Mosquitoes were collected in the Danube Delta during the active seasons of 2011-2013. For Culex spp. mosquitoes, the abundance was calculated. Culex pipiens (sensu lato), (s.l.) and Culex modestus pools were tested for the presence of West Nile virus (WNV) genome, and the maximum likelihood of the infection rate was established. Mean daily temperatures and precipitation were obtained for the closest meteorological station. A negative binominal model was used to evaluate linkages between the temperature/precipitation and mosquito population size...
October 5, 2016: EcoHealth
Jae-Cheon Sohn, Mihai Stᾰnescu
The eminent entomologist Aristide Caradja (1861-1955) published between 1925 and 1939, on his own or jointly with Edward Meyrick, a series of taxonomic papers on Chinese microlepidoptera including the descriptions of 18 new species in Yponomeutidae (Hyponomeutidae of authors). Their type specimens are currently deposited in two institutions, the Natural History Museum in London (BMNH: formerly British Museum of Natural History), as previously incorporated in the Meyrick collection, and the "Grigore Antipa" National Museum of Natural History in Bucharest, Romania (MGAB), as incorporated in the Caradja collection...
September 16, 2016: Zootaxa
Domnita O Badarau, Eva De Clercq, Tenzin Wangmo, Monica Dragomir, Ingrid Miron, Thomas Kühne, Bernice S Elger
Communication about diagnosis and medical treatment for children suffering from life-threatening illnesses is complex. It is a primary step in involving underage patients and families in care and lays the foundation for obtaining parental permission and patient assent for treatment. In practice child participation in care is often difficult to obtain due to patients' different and sometimes fluctuating preferences, but also parents' protective strategies. Physicians may be susceptible to parental wishes to limit information and feel uncomfortable discussing issues related to uncertainty of cure with patients...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
Alexandra Cucoş Dinu, Monica I Călugăr, Bety D Burghele, Oana A Dumitru, Constantin Cosma, Bogdan P Onac
A comprehensive radon survey has been carried out in seven caves located in the western half of Romania's most significant karst regions. Touristic and non-touristic caves were investigated with the aim to provide a reliable distribution of their radon levels and evaluate the occupational exposure and associated effective doses. Radon gas concentrations were measured with long-term diffusion-type detectors during two consecutive seasons (warm and cold). All investigated caves exceed the European Union reference level of radon gas at workplaces (300 Bq/m(3))...
October 1, 2016: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Mihaela Lazar, Emily Abernathy, Min-Hsin Chen, Joseph Icenogle, Denisa Janta, Aurora Stanescu, Adriana Pistol, Sabine Santibanez, Annette Mankertz, Judith M Hübschen, Grigore Mihaescu, Gheorghe Necula, Emilia Lupulescu
We describe a rubella outbreak that occurred in Romania between September 2011 and December 2012. During this period 24,627 rubella cases, 41.1% (n=10,134) of which female, were notified based on clinical criteria, and a total of 6,182 individuals were found serologically positive for IgM-specific rubella antibody. The median age of notified cases was 18 years (range: <1-65) and the most affected age group 15 to 19 years (n=16,245 cases). Of all notified cases, 24,067 cases (97.7%) reported no history of vaccination...
September 22, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
Antti Oksanen, Mar Siles-Lucas, Jacek Karamon, Alessia Possenti, Franz J Conraths, Thomas Romig, Patrick Wysocki, Alice Mannocci, Daniele Mipatrini, Giuseppe La Torre, Belgees Boufana, Adriano Casulli
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to provide a systematic review on the geographical distribution of Echinococcus multilocularis in definitive and intermediate hosts in the European Union (EU) and adjacent countries (AC). The relative importance of the different host species in the life-cycle of this parasite was highlighted and gaps in our knowledge regarding these hosts were identified. METHODS: Six databases were searched for primary research studies published from 1900 to 2015...
September 28, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
Krystallia Mantziki, Carry M Renders, Achilleas Vassilopoulos, Gabriella Radulian, Jean-Michel Borys, Hugues du Plessis, Maria João Gregório, Pedro Graça, Stefaan de Henauw, Svetoslav Handjiev, Tommy L S Visscher, Jacob C Seidell
BACKGROUND: Increasing social inequalities in health across Europe are widening the gap between low and high socio-economic groups, notably in the prevalence of obesity. Public health interventions may result in differential effects across population groups. Therefore, the EPHE (EPODE for the Promotion of Health Equity) project analysed the added value of community-based programmes, based on the EPODE (Ensemble Prévenons l'Obésité Des Enfants-Together Let's Prevent Obesity) model, to reduce socio-economic inequalities in energy balance-related behaviours of children and their family-environmental related determinants in seven European communities...
September 29, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
Manolis N Romanias, Mohamad N Zeineddine, Vincent Gaudion, Xiaoxiu Lun, Frederic Thevenet, Veronique Riffault
The adsorption of isopropanol on Gobi dust was investigated in the temperature (T) and relative humidity (RH) ranges of 273-348 K and <0.01-70%, respectively, using zero air as bath gas. The kinetic measurements were performed using a novel experimental setup combining Fourier-Transform InfraRed spectroscopy (FTIR) and selected-ion flow-tube mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS) for gas-phase monitoring. The initial uptake coefficient, γ0, of isopropanol was measured as a function of several parameters (concentration, temperature, relative humidity, dust mass)...
October 12, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Andreea Farcas, Daniel Leucuta, Camelia Bucsa, Cristina Mogosan, Dan Dumitrascu
Background Due to recent EU warnings and restrictions on the combined use of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS)-acting agents, and the seriousness of the associated harm, we analyzed the prescription of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) as dual therapy or associated with spironolactone. Setting An administrative claims database of a regional hospital in Romania. Methods We retrospectively included all adult patients hospitalized during 18 months in 2013-2014, discharged with a prescription of a RAAS-acting agent...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Syed Ali Ghafouri, Arash Ghalyanchi Langeroudi, Hossein Maghsoudloo, Farshad Tehrani, Reza Khaltabadifarahani, Hamed Abdollahi, Mohammad Hossein Fallah
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses of the H5N1 subtype have been diversified into multiple phylogenetic clades over the past decade and are highly genetically variable. In June 2015, one outbreak of HPAI H5N1 in backyard chickens was reported in the Nogardan village of the Mazandaran Province. Tracheal tissues were taken from the dead domestic chickens (n = 10) and processed for RT-PCR. The positive samples (n = 10) were characterized as HPAI H5N1 by sequencing analysis for the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase genes...
September 27, 2016: Virus Genes
Septimiu Voidăzan, Silviu-Horia Morariu, Monica Tarcea, Horatiu Moldovan, Ioana Curticăpian, Minodora Dobreanu
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, a causative factor for cervical cancer, remains a topic of great interest. About 80% of sexually active women are at risk of acquiring an HPV infection at some point in life, the peak incidence of infection having been identified in young women. The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge and attitudes of medical students about sexually transmitted diseases, HPV infection, HPV vaccinations, and student sexual behavior. A transversal study was conducted using a questionnaire on students on the 1st and 6th year at the Faculty of Medicine of Tîrgu Mureş University, Romania...
August 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Oana M Blaga, Alexandra Brînzaniuc, Ioana A Rus, Răzvan M Cherecheș, Anne Baber Wallis
Perinatal smoking is associated with a wide range of negative reproductive and pregnancy outcomes. The aim of the current study was to examine the prevalence and characteristics of women who report smoking prenatally and quit during pregnancy in a large sample of Romanian women. Understanding which women are more likely to quit will contribute to public health knowledge that will help more women stop smoking prior to or during pregnancy and prevent relapse postpartum. This cross-sectional analysis was conducted based on cross-sectional data collected between May 2012 and April 2015 as part of a cohort study of pregnancy implemented in six clinical settings in central Romania (N = 2370)...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Carmen-Monica Preda, Larisa Elena Fulger, Lucian Negreanu, Mircea Manuc, Irina Sandra, Mircea-Mihai Diculescu
AIM: Perform a comparison between adalimumab (ADA) and infliximab (IFX) in treating post-operative recurrence of Crohn's disease (a comparative analysis of efficacy and safety). METHODS: From the 267 patients treated with Adalimumab or Infliximab between January 2005 and June 2014 in Romania, 44 received anti- TNF (tumor necrosis factor) therapy for prevention of post-operative recurrence. A comparison between patients treated with IFX and ADA was made with the Chi- square and t- student test, with the aid of the statistical program Mini Tab 17...
October 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Lucia Maria Lotrean, Edna Arillo Santillan, James Thrasher, Valeria Laza
AIM: The present study investigates the evolution of illicit drug use among Romanian university students from 1999 to 2011. METHODS: The study was performed in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, in three phases: in 1999 (T1), in 2003 (T2) and in 2011 (T3). The study was carried out by means of anonymous questionnaires among university students aged 19-24. RESULTS: The results show that among girls the lifetime illicit drugs use increased statistically significantly from 2...
March 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"