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Darian Rusu, Petra Surlin, Stefan-Ioan Stratul, Marius Boariu, Horia Calniceanu, Adrian Kasaj, Cosmin Sinescu, Andreea Didilescu
Direct access to the root canals in posterior teeth for endodontic treatment is most frequently facilitated by the straightening of the coronal parts of the root canals, having as a consequence the relocation of the canal orifices on the map of the floor of the pulp chamber (Christie & Thompson, 1994). This procedure intentionally moves the coronal aspect of a canal away from the center of the chamber, while simultaneously removing internal dentin from the pulp chamber walls. The aim of this study was to evaluate the displacement resulting from the relocation of root canal orifices during the initial phase of rotary root canal treatment in molars using the dental operating microscope (DOM) and digital image processing...
February 16, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
Rohan Gupta, Haridas Das Adhikari
Background: Numerous researches have been done on the permanent maxillary first molars for the presence of an extra canal, especially the mesiobuccal roots for the presence of MB2 canals. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) has been used recently in the detection of these canals. However, literature discussing the efficacy and reliability of CBCT in the detection of these canals is scanty. Aims: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of CBCT as a preoperative diagnostic aid in locating the second mesiobuccal canal in maxillary first molars...
September 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Katarzyna Olczak, Halina Pawlicka
BACKGROUND: The success of endodontic treatment is greatly affected by the location of the root canals. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the root and canal morphology of permanent maxillary first and second molars in a Polish population using cone-beam computed tomography scanning. METHODS: Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans of maxillary first and second molars the maxilla were examined. The number of roots and root canals, and the frequency of additional canals (MB2) in the mesiobuccal root canals were determined...
December 29, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
V Vasundhara, Krishna Prasada Lashkari
Aim: In-vitro study was done to evaluate the incidence of MB2 canals using three different methods (CBCT, CLINICAL ANALYSIS AND DENTAL LOUPES) and to compare the efficacy of the three methods in identifying the incidence of MB2 canals in maxillary permanent first molars. Materials and Methods: The study sample consisted of 120 extracted intact permanent maxillary molars. These extracted teeth were subjected to CBCT. Later the teeth were access opened with naked eye to find the incidence of MB2 canal, and then the teeth were visualised under dental loupe to locate MB2 canal if they were missed under naked eye...
May 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Delin Qi, Yan Chao, Yongli Zhao, Mingzhe Xia, Rongrong Wu
Myoglobin (Mb) is an oxygen-binding hemoprotein that was once thought to be exclusively expressed in oxidative myocytes of skeletal and cardiac muscle where it serves in oxygen storage and facilitates intracellular oxygen diffusion. In this study, we cloned the coding sequence of the Mb gene from four species, representing three groups, of the schizothoracine fish endemic to the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP), then conducted molecular evolution analyses. We also investigated tissue expression patterns of Mb and the expression response to moderate and severe hypoxia at the mRNA and protein levels in a representative of the highly specialized schizothoracine fish species, Schizopygopsis pylzovi...
December 11, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Jing Liu, Meirong Cui, Hong Zhou, Wenrong Yang
The capability of in situ detection of microRNA in living cells with signal amplification strategy is of fundamental importance, and it will open up a new opportunity in development of diagnosis and prognosis of many diseases. Herein we report a swing DNA nanomachine for intracellular microRNA detection. The surfaces of Au nanoparticles (NPs) are modified by two hairpin DNA. We observe that one DNA (MB2) will open its hairpin structure upon partial hybridization with target miR-21 after entering into cells, and the other part of its hairpin structure could further react with the other hairpin DNA (MB1) to form a Zn2+ -specific DNAzyme...
December 22, 2017: ACS Sensors
Zahra Ghoncheh, Behrang Moghaddam Zade, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard
Objectives: This study sought to assess the root morphology and root canal anatomy of the maxillary first and second molars in an Iranian population using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: Sound fully-developed maxillary first (n=345) and second (n=423) molars were evaluated on 450 CBCT scans ordered for pre-operative assessment for implant placement. The (I) number of roots and their morphology (II) number of canals per root, (III) canal configuration and presence of a second mesiobuccal canal according to the Vertucci's classification and (IV) unilateral or bilateral occurrence of a second mesiobuccal canal (MB2) were evaluated...
May 2017: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Ben Studebaker, Lars Hollender, Lloyd Mancl, James D Johnson, Avina Paranjpe
INTRODUCTION: Many endodontic treatment failures in maxillary molars result from missed second mesiobuccal (MB2) canals. An MB2 canal orifice is present in as many as 95% of maxillary molars, but these canals are not always located during endodontic procedures. Additional tools, such as cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging, may be needed to locate these canals in maxillary molars. Hence, the aims of this study were to investigate the frequency of use of CBCT imaging during the treatment of maxillary molars and to evaluate the influence of its use on the detection of MB2 canals...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
Pradeep Jain, Pallav Patni, Pant Yogesh, Vyas Anup
The endodontic treatment of maxillary third molar often poses a challenge even to an experienced endodontist because of their most posterior location in the dental arch, aberrant occlusal anatomy, abnormal root canal configuration and eruption patterns. Owing to these anatomical limitations, their extraction remains the treatment of choice for many clinicians. As we know, retaining every functional component of the dental arch is of prime importance in contemporary dental practice. This clinical case report aims to discuss the endodontic treatment of maxillary third molar with MB2 root canal separated throughout the length and exit at two separate apical foramina (Vertucci type IV) diagnosed with Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT)...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
Roserin Ratanajirasut, Anchana Panichuttra, Soontra Panmekiate
INTRODUCTION: Understanding tooth anatomy is crucial for effective endodontic treatment. This study investigated the roots and root canal morphology of maxillary first and second permanent molars in a Thai population using cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging. METHODS: This study evaluated 476 maxillary first molars and 457 maxillary second molars receiving CBCT examination and determined the number of roots and canal morphology according to Vertucci's classification, and the prevalence of a second mesiobuccal (MB2) canal in the mesiobuccal (MB) root was correlated with sex, age, and tooth side...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
Yuerong Zhang, Hai Xu, Dongmiao Wang, Yongchun Gu, Juan Wang, Shuzhen Tu, Xiaohui Qiu, Fuyu Zhang, Yao Luo, Shi Xu, Jianling Bai, Grandini Simone, Guangdong Zhang
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence and location of the second mesiobuccal (MB2) root canal of the maxillary first molar and the relationship between the presence of an MB2 canal and the distribution of canal orifices on the pulpal floor with the aid of cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) technology. METHODS: A total of 1008 maxillary first molars (548 patients) were randomly selected and analyzed through CBCT imaging. The association between the incidence of MB2 canals and potential impacting factors including sex, side, age, and the distribution of the main root canal orifices on the pulpal floor was explored...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
Yu-Hua Lin, Hsiu-Na Lin, Chien-Chih Chen, May-Show Chen
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated variations in root canal configuration in the maxillary permanent molars of Taiwanese patients by analyzing patients' cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. Comparisons were made among these configurations and those previously reported. This information may serve as a basis for improving the success rate of endodontic treatment. METHODS: The root canal systems of 114 Taiwanese patients with bilateral maxillary first or second molars were examined using CBCT images...
August 2017: Biomedical Journal
Vahid Zand, Hadi Mokhtari, Hamid Rm Zonouzi, Sahand N Shojaei
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the results of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) examinations, confirm the presence or absence of the second mesiobuccal (MB2) root canal in maxillary first and second molars, estimate the distance between the root canal orifices, observe the root types based on Vertucci classification system, and make comparisons between CBCT and periapical techniques in relation to the identification of the root canal form and the second root canal of the MB root...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Filiz Namdar Pekiner, M Oğuz Borahan, Asım Dumlu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to identify the bilateral distolingual (DL) canals / roots of the mandibular first molars and second mesiobuccal (MB2) canals of the maxillary first molars in the same Turkish individuals using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 150 CBCT images including all mandibular and maxillary first molars were retrospectively investigated in a Turkish subpopulation. The patient age, sex and presence of roots and root canals were assessed...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Abbasali Khademi, Asieh Zamani Naser, Zahra Bahreinian, Mojdeh Mehdizadeh, Mojtaba Najarian, Saber Khazaei
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this investigation was to evaluate root canal morphology of maxillary first and second molars and also to assess the prevalence and morphology of the second mesiobuccal canal (MB2) in these teeth, using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: In this cross-sectional study, the total of 470 CBCT images from the archive of Radiology Department of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (IUMS), Iran, was evaluated and 295 images were selected...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
Andreas Bartols, Bernt-Peter Robra, Winfried Walther
BACKGROUND: Reciproc instruments are the only contemporary root canal instruments where glide path preparation is no longer strictly demanded by the manufacturer. As the complete preparation of root canals is associated with success in endodontic treatment we wanted to assess the ability and find predictors for Reciproc instruments to reach full working length (RFWL) in root canals of maxillary molars in primary root canal treatment (1°RCTx) and retreatment (2°RCTx) cases. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated 255 endodontic treatment cases of maxillary molars...
2017: PeerJ
Sunewang R Wang, Merle Arrowsmith, Holger Braunschweig, Rian D Dewhurst, Michael Dömling, James D Mattock, Conor Pranckevicius, Alfredo Vargas
Despite the prevalence of stable π-complexes of most d(10) metals, such as Cu(I) and Ni(0), with ethylene and other olefins, complexation of d(10) Zn(II) to simple olefins is too weak to form isolable complexes due to the metal ion's limited capacity for π-backdonation. By employing more strongly donating π-ligands, namely neutral diborenes with a high-lying π(B═B) orbital, monomeric 16-electron M(II)-diborene (M = Zn, Cd) π-complexes were synthesized in good yields. Metal-B2 π-interactions in both the solid and solution state were confirmed by single-crystal X-ray analyses and their solution NMR and UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, respectively...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Brent M Hiebert, Kenneth Abramovitch, Dwight Rice, Mahmoud Torabinejad
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of the second mesiobuccal canal (MB2) in 100 maxillary first molars using 3 independent methods and a combination method. METHODS: One hundred extracted human maxillary first molars were collected. The teeth were mounted in the maxillary first molar extraction sockets of a human cadaver head. A cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) scan was taken of each tooth. Two radiology faculty independently evaluated the CBCT volume for the presence of an MB2 canal...
October 2017: Journal of Endodontics
Mitthra Suresh, Kittappa Karthikeyan, Sekar Mahalaxmi
One of the known aberrations in root canal morphology of maxillary second permanent molars is the presence of collateral mesiobuccal canals. This case report describes the endodontic management of a maxillary second molar that had a single fused root with six canals that was successfully managed with the aid of dental operating microscope. Six canal orifices were located namely MB1 (Mesiobuccal), MB2, MB3, DB1 (Distobuccal), DB2 and palatal. During the cleaning and shaping, instrument separation occurred at the apical third of the palatal canal which was removed with ultrasonics...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Daming Wu, Guangdong Zhang, Ruizhen Liang, Guangchao Zhou, Younong Wu, Chao Sun, Wei Fan
Objective To evaluate the root and root canal morphology of the maxillary second molars (MSMs) in a native Chinese population by cone-beam computed tomography. Methods Cone-beam computed tomography images of 2412 MSMs from 1294 Chinese patients were analyzed to determine the number and morphology of the roots, the root canal morphology, the bilateral symmetry, and the correlations of these parameters with sex and age. Results The percentage of fused roots increased with age, while the percentage of fused roots in women was higher than that in men...
April 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
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