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Angel Paternina-Caicedo, Jezid Miranda, Ghada Bourjeily, Andrew Levinson, Carmelo Dueñas, Camilo Bello Muñoz, José A Rojas-Suarez
BACKGROUND: Every day, about 830 women die worldwide from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth. Obstetric early-warning scores have been proposed as a potential tool to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality, based upon the identification of predetermined abnormal values in the vital signs or laboratory parameters, to generate a rapid and effective medical response. Several early-warning scores have been developed for obstetrical patients, but the majority are the result of a clinical consensus rather than statistical analyses of clinical outcome measures (i...
October 14, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Toshiyuki Ohya, Ryo Yamanaka, Hayato Ohnuma, Masahiro Hagiwara, Yasuhiro Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Some endurance athletes exhibit exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia during high-intensity exercise. Inhalation of hyperoxic gas during exercise has been shown to counteract this exercise-associated reduction in hemoglobin oxygen saturation (SaO2), but the effects of hyperoxic gas inhalation on performance and SaO2 during high-intensity intermittent exercise remain unclear. This study investigated the effects of hyperoxic gas inhalation on performance and SaO2 during high-intensity intermittent cycling exercise...
December 2016: Sports Medicine—Open
Samir Jaber, Marion Monnin, Mehdi Girard, Matthieu Conseil, Moussa Cisse, Julie Carr, Martin Mahul, Jean Marc Delay, Fouad Belafia, Gérald Chanques, Nicolas Molinari, Audrey De Jong
PURPOSE: High-flow nasal cannula oxygen (HFNC) has the potential to provide apnoeic oxygenation. We decided to assess in a proof-of-concept study whether the addition of HFNC to non-invasive ventilation (NIV) could reduce oxygen desaturation during intubation, compared with NIV alone for preoxygenation, in severely hypoxaemic intensive care unit (ICU) patients with respiratory failure. METHODS: We conducted a randomised, controlled, single-centre trial with assessor-blinded outcome assessment in patients admitted to the ICU...
October 11, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
Brendan R Scott, Katie M Slattery, Dean V Sculley, Catriona Lockhart, Ben J Dascombe
This study assessed whether hypoxia augments anabolic responses to moderate-load resistance exercise. Fourteen trained males performed moderate-load resistance exercise in normoxia (NORM; fraction of inspired oxygen [FIO2] = 21%) and moderate-level hypoxia (MH; FIO2 = 16%). Exercise comprised 3 sets of 10 repetitions of squats and deadlifts at 60% of 1-repetition maximum, with 60 s inter-set rest. Blood lactate (BLa) was quantified after each exercise, while arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) and heart rate (HR) were assessed following each set...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Peter A Dargaville, Omid Sadeghi Fathabadi, Gemma K Plottier, Kathleen Lim, Kevin I Wheeler, Rohan Jayakar, Timothy J Gale
OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of a novel algorithm for automated oxygen control using a simulation of oxygenation founded on in vivo data from preterm infants. METHODS: A proportional-integral-derivative (PID) control algorithm was enhanced by (i) compensation for the non-linear SpO2-PaO2 relationship, (ii) adaptation to the severity of lung dysfunction and (iii) error attenuation within the target range. Algorithm function with and without enhancements was evaluated by iterative linking with a computerised simulation of oxygenation...
September 15, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Oliver Michael Shannon, Lauren Duckworth, Matthew John Barlow, David Woods, Jose Lara, Mario Siervo, John Paul O'Hara
Nitrate-rich beetroot juice (BRJ) increases plasma nitrite concentrations, lowers the oxygen cost (V⋅O2) of steady-state exercise and improves exercise performance in sedentary and moderately-trained, but rarely in well-trained individuals exercising at sea-level. BRJ supplementation may be more effective in a hypoxic environment, where the reduction of nitrite into nitric oxide (NO) is potentiated, such that well-trained and less well-trained individuals may derive a similar ergogenic effect. We conducted a randomised, counterbalanced, double-blind placebo controlled trial to determine the effects of BRJ on treadmill running performance in moderate normobaric hypoxia (equivalent to 2500 m altitude) in participants with a range of aerobic fitness levels...
September 30, 2016: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
J Mikhail Kellawan, John W Harrell, Alejandro Roldan-Alzate, Oliver Wieben, William G Schrage
The inability to quantify cerebral blood flow and changes in macrocirculation cross-sectional area in all brain regions impedes robust insight into hypoxic cerebral blood flow control. We applied four-dimensional flow magnetic resonance imaging to quantify cerebral blood flow (ml • min(-1)) and cross-sectional area (mm(2)) simultaneously in 11 arteries. In healthy adults, blood pressure, O2 Saturation (SpO2), and end-tidal CO2 were measured at baseline and steady-state hypoxia (FiO2 = 0.11). We investigated left and right: internal carotid, vertebral, middle, anterior, posterior cerebral arteries, and basilar artery...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Nehemiah T Liu, Michael G Salter, Muzna N Khan, Richard D Branson, Perenle Enkheebetaar, George C Kramer, José Salinas, Nicole Riberio Marques, Michael P Kinsky
: Pulmonary injury can be characterized by an increased need for FiO2 to maintain SaO2. We tested a smart oxygenation system (SOS) that utilizes the activity of a closed-loop control FiO2 algorithm (CLC-FiO2) to rapidly assess acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) severity so that rescue ventilation (RscVent) can be initiated earlier. After baseline data, a pulse-oximeter (SpO2) was placed. Sheep were then subjected to burn and smoke inhalation injury and followed for 48 hr. Initially, sheep were spontaneously ventilating and then randomized to: standard of care (SOC) (n = 6), in which RscVent began when PaO2 <90 mmHg or FiO2 <0...
July 7, 2016: Shock
Dai Otsubo, Tetsu Nakamura, Masashi Yamamoto, Shingo Kanaji, Kiyonori Kanemitsu, Kimihiro Yamashita, Tatsuya Imanishi, Taro Oshikiri, Yasuo Sumi, Satoshi Suzuki, Daisuke Kuroda, Yoshihiro Kakeji
BACKGROUND: While thoracoscopic esophagectomy is a widely performed surgical procedure, only few studies regarding the influence of body position on changes in circulation and breathing, after the surgery, have been reported. This study aimed at evaluating the effect of body position, during surgery, on the postoperative breathing functions of the chest. METHODS: A total of 266 patients who underwent right-sided transthoracic esophagectomy for esophageal cancer from 2004 to 2012 were included in this study...
July 7, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Jakub Krejčí, Michal Botek, Andrew J McKune
Although the heart rate variability (HRV) response to hypoxia has been studied, little is known about the dynamics of HRV after hypoxia exposure. The purpose of this study was to assess the HRV and oxygen saturation (SpO2 ) responses to normobaric hypoxia (FiO2  = 9·6%) comparing 1 min segments to baseline (normoxia). Electrocardiogram and SpO2 were recorded during a 10-min hypoxia exposure in 29 healthy male subjects aged 26·0 ± 4·9 years. Baseline HRV values were obtained from a 5-min recording period prior to hypoxia...
July 6, 2016: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
Carina Gabriela Correa, Bruno da Silveira Colombo, Marcelo Fernando Ronsoni, Pedro Eduardo Soares E Silva, Leonardo Fayad, Telma Erotides Silva, Letícia Muraro Wildner, Maria Luiza Bazzo, Esther Buzaglo Dantas-Correa, Janaína Luz Narciso-Schiavon, Leonardo de Lucca Schiavon
AIM: To investigate the prognostic significance of insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: Prospective study that included two cohorts: outpatients with stable cirrhosis (n = 138) and patients hospitalized for acute decompensation (n = 189). Development of complications, mortality or liver transplantation was assessed by periodical phone calls and during outpatient visits. The cohort of stable cirrhosis also underwent clinical and laboratory evaluation yearly (2013 and 2014) in predefined study visits...
June 18, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
Adem Gölcük, Hakan Işık, İnan Güler
This study aims to introduce a novel device with which mechanical ventilator and pulse oximeter work in synchronization. Serial communication technique was used to enable communication between the pulse oximeter and the ventilator. The SpO2 value and the pulse rate read on the pulse oximeter were transmitted to the mechanical ventilator through transmitter (Tx) and receiver (Rx) lines. The fuzzy-logic-based software developed for the mechanical ventilator interprets these values and calculates the percentage of oxygen (FiO2) and Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) to be delivered to the patient...
July 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
Marcel Simon, Christian Wachs, Stephan Braune, Geraldine de Heer, Daniel Frings, Stefan Kluge
BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients with respiratory failure undergoing intubation have an increased risk of hypoxemia-related complications. Delivering oxygen via a high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) has theoretical advantages and is increasingly used. This study was conducted to compare HFNC with bag-valve-mask (BVM) for preoxygenation and to assess oxygenation during intubation in subjects with hypoxemic respiratory failure. METHODS: This study was a randomized controlled trial including 40 critically ill subjects with hypoxemic respiratory failure who received either HFNC or BVM for preoxygenation before intubation in the ICU...
September 2016: Respiratory Care
Pervin Korkmaz Ekren, Burcu Basarik Aydogan, Alev Gurgun, Mehmet Sezai Tasbakan, Feza Bacakoglu, Stefano Nava
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is a cornerstone for the treatment of acute respiratory failure of various etiologies. Using NIV is discussed in mild-to-moderate acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients (PaO2/FiO2 > 150). These patients often have comorbidities that increase the risk for bronchoscopy related complications. The primary outcome of this prospective observational study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety and contribution in diagnosis and/or modification of the ongoing treatment of fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) in patients with ARDS treated with NIV...
2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Ju Lee Oei, Alpana Ghadge, Elisabeth Coates, Ian M Wright, Ola D Saugstad, Maximo Vento, Giuseppe Buonocore, Tatsuo Nagashima, Keiji Suzuki, Shiguhero Hosono, Peter G Davis, Paul Craven, Lisa Askie, Jennifer Dawson, Shalabh Garg, Anthony Keech, Yacov Rabi, John Smyth, Sunil Sinha, Ben Stenson, Kei Lui, Carol Lu Hunter, William Tarnow Mordi
AIM: This study determined current international clinical practice and opinions regarding initial fractional inspired oxygen (FiO2 ) and pulse oximetry (SpO2 ) targets for delivery room resuscitation of preterm infants of less than 29 weeks of gestation. METHODS: An online survey was disseminated to neonatal clinicians via established professional clinical networks using a web-based survey programme between March 9 and June 30, 2015. RESULTS: Of the 630 responses from 25 countries, 60% were from neonatologists...
September 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Gerardo Tusman, Stephan H Bohm, Fernando Suarez-Sipmann
Pulse oximetry is an undisputable standard of care in clinical monitoring. It combines a spectrometer to detect hypoxemia with a plethysmograph for the diagnosis, monitoring, and follow-up of cardiovascular diseases. These pulse oximetry capabilities are extremely useful for assessing the respiratory and circulatory status and for monitoring of mechanically ventilated patients. On the one hand, the key spectrography-derived function of pulse oximetry is to evaluate a patient's gas exchange that results from a particular ventilatory treatment by continuously and noninvasively measuring arterial hemoglobin saturation (SpO2)...
May 13, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Franck Brocherie, Grégoire P Millet, Olivier Girard
PURPOSE: We compared psycho-physiological responses to six repeated-sprint sessions in normobaric hypoxia (RSH) and normoxia (RSN) in team-sport athletes during a 2-wk 'live high-train low' training camp. METHODS: While residing under normobaric hypoxia (≥14 h.d-1; FiO2 14.5-14.2%), twenty-three lowland elite field hockey players performed, in addition to their usual training, six sessions (4 × 5 × 5-s maximal sprints; 25 s passive recovery; 5 min rest) under either normobaric hypoxia (FiO2 ~14...
May 3, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Yufeng Luo, Rong Ou, Yun Ling, Tiehe Qin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of high flow nasal cannula (HFNC) in treating a patient with Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). METHODS: The effect of HFNC applied in the first imported MERS patient with complication of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) to China was observed. The patient was admitted to Department of Critical Care Medicine of Huizhou Municipal Central Hospital on May 28th, 2015, and the changes in various clinical parameters and their significance were analyzed...
October 2015: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Andy Carver, Ryan Bragg, Lauren Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood/fractional percentage of inspired oxygen (PaO2 /FiO2 ) and SaO2 /FiO2 ratios (where SaO2 is percentage of oxyhemoglobin saturation in arterial blood), and the correlation between PaO2 /FiO2 and SaO2 /FiO2 , in healthy dogs recovering postoperatively on room air versus nasal oxygen insufflation. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: University veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Nineteen dogs...
May 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Thomas J Chirichella, C Michael Dunham, Michael A Zimmerman, Elise M Phelan, M Susan Mandell, Kendra D Conzen, Stephen E Kelley, Trevor L Nydam, Thomas E Bak, Igal Kam, Michael E Wachs
AIM: To evaluate donation after circulatory death (DCD) orthotopic liver transplant outcomes [hypoxic cholangiopathy (HC) and patient/graft survival] and donor risk-conditions. METHODS: From 2003-2013, 45 DCD donor transplants were performed. Predonation physiologic data from UNOS DonorNet included preoperative systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, pH, SpO2, PaO2, FiO2, and hemoglobin. Mean arterial blood pressure was computed from the systolic and diastolic blood pressures...
March 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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