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body dysmorphic disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899165/cognitive-dysfunction-in-body-dysmorphic-disorder-new-implications-for-nosological-systems-and-neurobiological-models
#1
Kiri Jefferies-Sewell, Samuel R Chamberlain, Naomi A Fineberg, Keith R Laws
: Introduction Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a debilitating disorder, characterized by obsessions and compulsions relating specifically to perceived appearance, and which has been newly classified within the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders grouping. Until now, little research has been conducted into the cognitive profile of this disorder. METHODS: Participants with BDD (n=12) and participants without BDD (n=16) were tested using a computerized neurocognitive battery investigating attentional set-shifting (Intra/Extra Dimensional Set Shift Task), decision-making (Cambridge Gamble Task), motor response-inhibition (Stop-Signal Reaction Time Task), and affective processing (Affective Go-No Go Task)...
November 30, 2016: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866170/measurement-invariance-of-a-body-dysmorphic-disorder-symptom-questionnaire-across-sex-the-body-image-questionnaire-child-and-adolescent-version
#2
Sophie C Schneider, Andrew J Baillie, Jonathan Mond, Cynthia M Turner, Jennifer L Hudson
Measures of body dysmorphic disorder symptoms have received little psychometric evaluation in adolescent samples. This study aimed to examine cross-sex measurement invariance in the Body Image Questionnaire-Child and Adolescent version (BIQ-C) to establish whether observed sex differences in total scores may be meaningful or due to differences in measurement properties. A sample of 3,057 Australian high school students completed the initial screening item of the measure (63.2% male, Mage = 14.58 years, SD = 1...
November 19, 2016: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855298/imagery-rescripting-as-a-clinical-intervention-for-aversive-memories-a-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Nexhmedin Morina, Jaap Lancee, Arnoud Arntz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Literature suggests that imagery rescripting (ImRs) is an effective psychological intervention. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis of ImRs for psychological complaints that are associated with aversive memories. Relevant publications were collected from the databases Medline, PsychInfo, and Web of Science. RESULTS: The search identified 19 trials (including seven randomized controlled trials) with 363 adult patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (eight trials), social anxiety disorder (six trials), body dysmorphic disorder (two trials), major depression (one trial), bulimia nervosa (one trial), or obsessive compulsive disorder (one trial)...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803720/prevalence-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-and-its-association-with-body-features-in-female-medical-students
#4
Shaik Shaffi Ahamed, Jawaher Enani, Lama Alfaraidi, Lujain Sannari, Rihaf Algain, Zainah Alsawah, Ali Al Hazmi
BACKGROUND: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a distressing psychiatric disorder. So far there have not been any studies on BDD in Saudi Arabia. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder in female medical students and to investigate whether there is an association between BDD and body features of concern, social anxiety and symptoms of BDD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional study was carried out on female medical students of the college of medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia during January to April, 2015...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796265/a-rare-cause-of-short-stature-patient-with-3m-syndrome-revealed-a-novel-mutation-in-obsl1-gene
#5
Meliksah Keskin, Nursel Muratoğlu Şahin, Erdal Kurnaz, Elvan Bayramoğlu, Senay Şavas Erdeve, Zehra Aycan, Semra Çetinkaya
The 3M syndrome is a rare autosomal disorder that can lead to short stature, dysmorphic features and skeletal abnormalities with normal intelligence. A 16 months old female patient had been referred to our clinic due to short stature. Case history revealed a birth weight of 1740 grams on 39th week of gestation, with a birth length of 42 cm and no prior hereditary conditions of clinical significance in her family. On physical examination, her height was 67 cm (-3.6 SD score), body weight was 7.2 kg (-2.9 SD score) with a head circumference of 42 cm (below 3rd percentile)...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761610/avoiding-psychological-pitfalls-in-aesthetic-medical-procedures
#6
Qiuyu Wang, Chuan Cao, Rui Guo, Xiaoge Li, Lele Lu, Wenping Wang, Shirong Li
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in an aesthetic surgery setting in the region of Southwest China, and to ascertain the differences in terms of body images between patients in the aesthetic setting and general Chinese population. This study tracked patient satisfaction with their body image changes while undergoing aesthetic medical procedures to identify whether the condition of patients who were presenting with BDD symptoms or their psychological symptoms could be improved by enhancing their appearance...
October 19, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761090/screening-for-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-a-dermatology-outpatient-setting-at-a-tertiary-care-centre
#7
Fibin Thanveer, Niti Khunger
CONTEXT: A distressing pre-occupation with an imagined or slight defect in appearance with a marked negative effect on the patient's life is the core symptom of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). AIM: To screen the patients attending a dermatology clinic at a tertiary care centre for BDD using the BDD-dermatology version (DV) questionnaire. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This cross-sectional study enrolled 245 consecutive patients from the dermatology outpatients clinic...
July 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760403/body-dysmorphic-disorder-symptoms-and-risk-for-suicide-the-role-of-depression
#8
A M Shaw, K A Arditte Hall, E Rosenfield, K R Timpano
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is associated with elevated suicidality. Little is known about why BDD patients are at increased risk. The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide (IPTS) could clarify suicidality in BDD, and theorizes that perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness lead to suicidal desire, while an acquired capability for suicide is necessary to attempt suicide. No study has investigated how BDD symptoms relate to IPTS constructs or mediators of the relationship between BDD and suicidality...
December 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752342/compliance-of-community-teams-with-specialist-service-recommendations-for-obsessive-compulsive-and-body-dysmorphic-disorders
#9
Paul M Harris, Lynne M Drummond
Aims and method To examine how often referring community mental health teams (CMHTs) utilised treatment recommendations made by the national highly specialised service for patients with severe obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). We analysed all patient notes for admissions to the unit (August 2012-August 2014) and recorded how many treatment recommendations were implemented by CMHTs prior to admission and at 6 months post-discharge. Results Overall, 66% of our recommendations were met by CMHTs prior to admission and 74% after discharge...
October 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717062/body-dysmorphic-disorder-contraindication-or-ethical-justification-for-female-genital-cosmetic-surgery-in-adolescents
#10
Merle Spriggs, Lynn Gillam
Is Female Genital Cosmetic Surgery for an adolescent with Body Dysmorphic Disorder ever ethically justified? Cosmetic genital surgery (specifically labioplasty) for adolescent girls is one of the most ethically controversial forms of cosmetic surgery and Body Dysmorphic Disorder is typically seen as a contraindication for cosmetic surgery. Two key ethical concerns are (1) that Body Dysmorphic Disorder undermines whatever capacity for autonomy the adolescent has; and (2) even if there is valid parental consent, the presence of Body Dysmorphic Disorder means that cosmetic surgery will fail in its aims...
November 2016: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693232/de-novo-truncating-variants-in-asxl2-are-associated-with-a-unique-and-recognizable-clinical-phenotype
#11
Vandana Shashi, Loren D M Pena, Katherine Kim, Barbara Burton, Maja Hempel, Kelly Schoch, Magdalena Walkiewicz, Heather M McLaughlin, Megan Cho, Nicholas Stong, Scott E Hickey, Christine M Shuss, Michael S Freemark, Jane S Bellet, Martha Ann Keels, Melanie J Bonner, Maysantoine El-Dairi, Megan Butler, Peter G Kranz, Constance T R M Stumpel, Sylvia Klinkenberg, Karin Oberndorff, Malik Alawi, Rene Santer, Slavé Petrovski, Outi Kuismin, Satu Korpi-Heikkilä, Olli Pietilainen, Palotie Aarno, Mitja I Kurki, Alexander Hoischen, Anna C Need, David B Goldstein, Fanny Kortüm
The ASXL genes (ASXL1, ASXL2, and ASXL3) participate in body patterning during embryogenesis and encode proteins involved in epigenetic regulation and assembly of transcription factors to specific genomic loci. Germline de novo truncating variants in ASXL1 and ASXL3 have been respectively implicated in causing Bohring-Opitz and Bainbridge-Ropers syndromes, which result in overlapping features of severe intellectual disability and dysmorphic features. ASXL2 has not yet been associated with a human Mendelian disorder...
October 6, 2016: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688645/case-report-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-a-suicidal-patient
#12
Yingfeng Zhang, Hongxia Ma, Yanbin Wang
Few reports exist about the treatment of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in patients who are suicidal. This case report describes a 19-year-old male with BDD who had delusional-intensity beliefs about facial disfigurement that had gradually intensified over a 2-year period. However, he was initially misdiagnosed with depression partly because he was admitted immediately after a suicide attempt that was associated with depressive symptoms and social withdrawal, symptoms that subsequently proved to be secondary to his BDD...
February 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678547/female-genital-cosmetic-surgery-a-cross-sectional-survey-exploring-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-general-practitioners
#13
M Simonis, R Manocha, J J Ong
OBJECTIVE: To explore general practitioner's (GP) knowledge, attitudes and practice regarding female genital cosmetic surgery (FGCS) in Australia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Australia. SAMPLE: GPs who attended a women's health seminar and GPs who subscribed to a non-governmental, national health professional organisation database that provides education to primary care professionals. METHOD: A national online survey of GPs was conducted for the 10-week period, starting 1 week prior and 2 months after a Women's Health seminar was held in Perth on 8 August 2015...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672487/a-case-of-treatment-resistant-depression-and-body-dysmorphic-disorder-the-role-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-revisited
#14
Ram S Mahato, Maria Chona P San Gabriel, Carrol T Longshore, David B Schnur
Body dysmorphic disorder is a common, often disabling condition, and is frequently comorbid with major depressive disorder. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors constitute first line set of somatic interventions but the management of refractory patients remains challenging. Electroconvulsive therapy, an often highly beneficial treatment for medication resistant-depression, is not considered an effective therapeutic alternative for treatment refractory body dysmorphic disorder. Here we present a 50-year-old woman with body dysmorphic disorder and comorbid major depressive disorder who remained incapacitated and suicidal despite several trials with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and antipsychotic medication...
July 2016: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664367/modifying-interpretation-biases-in-body-dysmorphic-disorder-evaluation-of-a-brief-computerized-treatment
#15
Berta J Summers, Jesse R Cougle
Individuals meeting diagnostic criteria for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD; N = 40) were enrolled in a randomized, four-session trial comparing interpretation bias modification (IBM) training designed to target social evaluation- and appearance-related interpretation biases with a placebo control training condition (PC). Sessions took place over the course of two weeks (two sessions per week). Analyses indicated that, relative to the PC condition, IBM led to a significant increase in benign biases and reduction in threat biases at post-treatment...
September 15, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658538/obsessive-compulsive-skin-disorders-a-novel-classification-based-on-degree-of-insight
#16
Tian Hao Zhu, Mio Nakamura, Benjamin Farahnik, Michael Abrouk, Jason Reichenberg, Tina Bhutani, John Koo
Individuals with obsessive-compulsive features frequently visit dermatologists for complaints of the skin, hair, or nails, and often progress towards a chronic relapsing course due to the challenge associated with accurate diagnosis and management of their psychiatric symptoms. The current DSM-5 formally recognizes body dysmorphic disorder, trichotillomania, neurotic excoriation, and body focused repetitive behavior disorder as psychodermatological disorders belonging to the category of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634782/body-image-and-body-contouring-procedures
#17
David B Sarwer, Heather M Polonsky
Dissatisfaction with physical appearance and body image is a common psychological phenomena in Western society. Body image dissatisfaction is frequently reported by those who have excess body weight, but also is seen in those of normal body weight. For both groups of individuals, this dissatisfaction impacts self-esteem and quality of life. Furthermore, it is believed to be the motivational catalyst to a range of appearance-enhancing behaviors, including weight loss efforts and physical activity. Body image dissatisfaction is also believed to play a role in the decision to seek the wide range of body contouring procedures offered by aesthetic physicians...
October 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627585/body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-patients-undergoing-septorhinoplasty-surgery-should-we-be-performing-routine-screening
#18
J Joseph, P Randhawa, S A Hannan, J Long, S Goh, N O'Shea, H Saleh, E Hansen, D Veale, P Andrews
OBJECTIVE: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is defined as having a preoccupation with a perceived flaw in one's appearance, which appears slight to others and significantly interferes with a person's functioning. When undetected in septorhinoplasty patients, it will often lead to poor outcomes. DESIGN: We performed a prospective cohort study to determine the prevalence of BDD in our patients and whether surgical correction could be considered. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We recruited 34 patients being considered for septorhinoplasty in a tertiary referral rhinology clinic and a control group of 50 from the otology clinic giving a total of 84...
September 14, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608161/reply-re-beauty-is-in-the-eye-of-the-beholder-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-ophthalmic-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery
#19
Lindsay K McConnell, Patricia G Duffel, Wendy W Lee, Donald W Black, Erin M Shriver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608160/re-beauty-is-in-the-eye-of-the-beholder-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-ophthalmic-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery
#20
David R Jordan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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