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body dysmorphic disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202381/set-shifting-and-visuospatial-organization-deficits-in-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#1
Jennifer L Greenberg, Hilary Weingarden, Lillian Reuman, Dylan Abrams, Suraj S Mothi, Sabine Wilhelm
Individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) over-attend to perceived defect(s) in their physical appearance, often becoming "stuck" obsessing about perceived flaws and engaging in rituals to hide flaws. These symptoms suggest that individuals with BDD may experience deficits in underlying neurocognitive functions, such as set-shifting and visuospatial organization. These deficits have been implicated as risk and maintenance factors in disorders with similarities to BDD but have been minimally investigated in BDD...
November 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143715/scar-satisfaction-and-body-image-in-thyroidectomy-patients-prospective-study-in-a-tertiary-referral-centre
#2
P Sethukumar, D Ly, Z Awad, N S Tolley
BACKGROUND: This study is the first to evaluate scar satisfaction and body image in thyroidectomy patients using validated assessment tools. METHODS: A total of 123 thyroidectomy patients were recruited over 8 months. Both patients and clinicians completed assessment tools that included: the Manchester Scar Scale (to measure scar perception), Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire (to assess body image), Body Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire (to screen for body dysmorphic disorder) and EQ-5D (to measure life quality)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102368/-body-dysmorphic-disorder-future-prospects-of-medical-care
#3
E Siegfried, A Ayrolles, H Rahioui
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by excessive preoccupation with a slight or imagined defect in one's physical appearance, believing they look ugly, abnormal or deformed. While the most common preoccupations focus on the skin, hair and nose, any part of the body may be involved. Preoccupations are intrusive, time-consuming and hard to control. Repetitive behaviors are performed in response to the preoccupations. BDD is associated with marked impairment in socio-professional functioning, poor quality of life and high suicide rates...
November 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099545/evaluation-of-the-body-parts-that-preoccupy-adolescents-with-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#4
Mohammad Jafferany, Ferdnand C Osuagwu
Objective: To evaluate which body parts preoccupy adolescents with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Methods: Patients admitted to an inpatient psychiatric hospital who agreed to take part in the study completed the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire (child and adolescent version) and Body Dysmorphic Disorder Diagnostic Module. Patients also completed a questionnaire that addressed age at onset, coping strategies, history of sexual abuse, amount of time patients spent thinking about their perceived defects, and the area of the body that the participants were preoccupied with and the specific coping strategy used...
October 26, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075869/-body-dysmorphic-disorder-diagnostics-and-treatment-in-cosmetic-dermatology
#5
REVIEW
T Lahousen, D Linder, T Gieler, U Gieler
People with a body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) suffer from excessive preoccupation and anxiety about an imagined or to others a negligible defect in their appearance. They cannot bear to look at themselves, feel ugly, are convinced that their nose, their physique and their skin are disfiguring. The more concerned they become about their appearance, the more their attention is drawn to the ostensible blemishes and reinforces the impression of their own unattractiveness. Those affected do not consider themselves to be ill, but are convinced that it is a real physical defect which forces them again and again to stand in front of the mirror...
October 26, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075327/mosaic-upd-7q-mat-in-a-patient-with-silver-russell-syndrome
#6
Jiasun Su, Jin Wang, Xin Fan, Chunyun Fu, ShuJie Zhang, Yue Zhang, Zailong Qin, Hongdou Li, Jingsi Luo, Chuan Li, Tingting Jiang, Yiping Shen
BACKGROUND: Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is one of the imprinting disorders characterized by prenatal and postnatal growth restriction, relative macrocephaly, body asymmetry and characteristic facial features. ~ 10% of SRS cases are known to be associated with maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 7 (UPD(7)mat). Mosaic maternal segmental UPD of 7q (UPD(7q)mat) is very rare, had only been described in one case before. CASE PRESENTATION: We reported a second case of mosaic segmental UPD involving 7q...
2017: Molecular Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072188/body-dysmorphic-disorder-latest-neuroanatomical-and-neuropsychological-findings
#7
K Tasios, I Michopoulos
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by a preoccupation with a perceived defect or flaw in physical appearance that is not observable or appears slight to others. It leads to severe distress and functional impairment. Cognitive-behavioural and neurobiological similarities to obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) have led to its newly conceived classification as an obsessive compulsive related disorder (OCRD). In the process of investigating the neurobiology of BDD, neuroimaging and neuropsychological studies have been conducted...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069974/body-dysmorphic-disorder-and-its-associated-psychological-and-psychopathological-features-in-an-italian-community-sample
#8
Silvia Cerea, Gioia Bottesi, Jessica R Grisham, Marta Ghisi
OBJECTIVE: Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a psychiatric condition characterized by preoccupation with perceived defects in physical appearance that are not observable or appear slight to others, along with low self-esteem, high perfectionism, and high comorbidity. Little is known about BDD prevalence and phenomenology in the Italian context, and no data are currently available on BDD prevalence using DSM-5 criteria in the Italian context. The aims of the current study were to explore the prevalence and the phenomenology of BDD and its associated psychological and psychopathological features such as self-esteem, perfectionistic traits, social anxiety, depressive, and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in a community sample...
October 25, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069077/functional-convergence-of-histone-methyltransferases-ehmt1-and-kmt2c-involved-in-intellectual-disability-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Tom S Koemans, Tjitske Kleefstra, Melissa C Chubak, Max H Stone, Margot R F Reijnders, Sonja de Munnik, Marjolein H Willemsen, Michaela Fenckova, Connie T R M Stumpel, Levinus A Bok, Margarita Sifuentes Saenz, Kyna A Byerly, Linda B Baughn, Alexander P A Stegmann, Rolph Pfundt, Huiqing Zhou, Hans van Bokhoven, Annette Schenck, Jamie M Kramer
Kleefstra syndrome, caused by haploinsufficiency of euchromatin histone methyltransferase 1 (EHMT1), is characterized by intellectual disability (ID), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), characteristic facial dysmorphisms, and other variable clinical features. In addition to EHMT1 mutations, de novo variants were reported in four additional genes (MBD5, SMARCB1, NR1I3, and KMT2C), in single individuals with clinical characteristics overlapping Kleefstra syndrome. Here, we present a novel cohort of five patients with de novo loss of function mutations affecting the histone methyltransferase KMT2C...
October 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057722/excessive-bodybuilding-as-pathology-a-first-neurophysiological-classification
#10
Moritz Julian Maier, Florian Benedikt Haeussinger, Martin Hautzinger, Andreas Jochen Fallgatter, Ann-Christine Ehlis
OBJECTIVES: Excessive Bodybuilding as a pathological syndrome has been classified based on two different theories: Bodybuilding as dependency or as muscle dysmorphic disorder (MDD). This study is a first attempt to find psychophysiological data supporting one of these classifications. METHODS: 24 participants (bodybuilders vs. healthy controls) were presented with pictures of bodies, exercise equipment or general reward stimuli in a control or experimental condition, and were measured with functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS)...
October 23, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057211/relative-relationships-of-general-shame-and-body-shame-with-body-dysmorphic-phenomenology-and-psychosocial-outcomes
#11
Hilary Weingarden, Keith D Renshaw, Eliza Davidson, Sabine Wilhelm
Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is characterized by a preoccupation with a perceived flaw in appearance and repetitive avoidance behaviors. BDD involves severe psychosocial outcomes (e.g., depression, suicidality, functional impairment). Identifying correlates of BDD symptoms and outcomes can inform treatment. Shame, a painful emotion felt in response to critical self-judgment, may be one key correlate. However, research on shame in BDD is scarce and previous studies have not distinguished general shame from body shame...
July 2017: Journal of Obsessive-compulsive and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054091/early-adolescents-body-dysmorphic-symptoms-as-compensatory-responses-to-parental-appearance-messages-and-appearance-based-rejection-sensitivity
#12
Kelly Densham, Haley J Webb, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Drew Nesdale, Geraldine Downey
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is marked by high distress and behavioral and functional impairments due to preoccupation with perceived appearance anomalies. Our aim was to examine parental correlates of offspring's symptoms characteristic of BDD, testing both direct associations and indirect associations via appearance-based rejection sensitivity (appearance-RS). Surveys were completed by 302 Australian adolescents (9-14 years) and their parents. Findings indicated parents' weight and appearance teasing and child-report (but not parent-report) of parental negative attitudes about weight and appearance were uniquely associated with offspring's heightened BDD-like symptoms, and associations were partially indirect via adolescents' appearance-RS...
October 17, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052749/-body-experience-and-self-esteem-after-minimally-invasive-skin-rejuvenation-study-of-female-patients-using-botulinum-toxin%C3%A2-a-and-or-dermal-fillers
#13
REVIEW
D Scharschmidt, S Preiß, E Brähler, T Fischer, A Borkenhagen
BACKGROUND: More and more people worldwide and also in Germany are using botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) and hyaluronic acid injections for skin rejuvenation. OBJECTIVE: Study on body image and self-esteem of women with BoNT-A and/or hyaluronic acid filler treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 145 women who requested BoNT-A and/or hyaluronic acid injections completed a survey comprised of the body dysmorphic disorder questionnaire, the Rosenberg self-esteem scale and questionnaires on the attitudes and motives on measures for optimization of the body and demographic features...
October 20, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052453/review-of-epidemiology-clinical-presentation-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-common-primary-psychiatric-causes-of-cutaneous-disease
#14
J A Krooks, A G Weatherall, P J Holland
Approximately half of all patients presenting to dermatologists exhibit signs and symptoms of psychiatric conditions that are either primary or secondary to cutaneous disease. Because patients typically resist psychiatric consult, dermatologists often are on the front line in evaluating and treating these patients. Accordingly, distinguishing the specific underlying or resulting psychiatric condition is essential for effective treatment. The etiology, epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and first-line treatment of specific primary psychiatric causes of dermatologic conditions, including delusional infestation, Morgellons syndrome, olfactory reference syndrome, body dysmorphic disorder, excoriation disorder, trichotillomania, and dermatitis artefacta are discussed here, followed by a discussion of the recommended treatment approach with an overview of the different first-line therapies discussed in this review, specifically cognitive behavioral therapy, atypical antipsychotics, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and tricyclic antidepressants...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038722/a-comparison-of-body-image-concern-in-candidates-for-rhinoplasty-and-therapeutic-surgery
#15
Seyed Amirhosein Ghazizadeh Hashemi, Behnoosh Edalatnoor, Behnaz Edalatnoor, Omid Niksun
BACKGROUND: Body dysmorphic disorder among patients referring for cosmetic surgeries is a disorder that if not diagnosed by a physician, can cause irreparable damage to the doctor and the patient. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare body image concern in candidates for rhinoplasty and therapeutic surgery. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 212 patients referring to Loghman Hospital of Tehran for rhinoplasty and therapeutic surgery during the period from 2014 through 2016...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017915/the-neurobiology-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-theoretical-model
#16
REVIEW
Sally A Grace, Izelle Labuschagne, Ryan A Kaplan, Susan L Rossell
There has been an increase in neuroimaging research in body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), yet little is known about the underlying neurobiological basis of the disorder. We aimed to provide a systematic overview of the literature on the neurobiology of BDD. Two reviewers undertook a search of three electronic research databases: PubMed, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar. The search consisted of synonyms commonly associated with BDD and methods to evaluate brain structure, function, and network organisation. Out of an initial yield of 175 articles, 19 fulfilled inclusion criteria and were reviewed...
October 7, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960272/body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-female-swedish-dermatology-patients
#17
Sabina Brohede, Yvonne Wyon, Gun Wingren, Barbro Wijma, Klaas Wijma
BACKGROUND: Individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) are highly distressed and impaired owing to perceived defects in their physical appearance that are not noticeable to others. They are frequently concerned about their skin and often present to dermatologists rather than psychiatrists. However, BDD patients attending dermatology clinics may be at risk of not receiving an appropriate assessment and beneficial treatment. The aims of this study were to estimate the BDD prevalence rate among Swedish female dermatology patients and to assess the psychological condition of BDD patients compared to that of other dermatology patients...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933030/phenotype-comparison-confirms-zmynd11-as-a-critical-gene-for-10p15-3-microdeletion-syndrome
#18
Birute Tumiene, Ž Čiuladaitė, E Preikšaitienė, R Mameniškienė, A Utkus, V Kučinskas
Proper epigenetic regulation processes are crucial in the normal development of the human brain. An ever-increasing group of neurodevelopmental disorders due to derangements of epigenetic regulation involve both microdeletion and monogenic syndromes. Some of these syndromes have overlapping clinical phenotypes due to haploinsufficiency-sensitive genes involved in microdeletions. It was shown recently that the ZMYND11 gene has important functions in epigenetic regulation as an unconventional transcription co-repressor of highly expressed genes, possibly acting in the repression of cryptic transcription from gene bodies...
November 2017: Journal of Applied Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932688/alg9-cdg-new-clinical-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Kellie Davis, Duncan Webster, Chris Smith, Sheryl Jackson, David Sinasac, Lorne Seargeant, Xing-Chang Wei, Patrick Ferreira, Julian Midgley, Yolanda Foster, Xueli Li, Miao He, Walla Al-Hertani
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are a group of metabolic diseases resulting from defects in glycan synthesis or processing. The number of subgroups and their phenotypic spectrums continue to expand with most related to deficiencies of N-glycosylation. ALG9-CDG (previously CDG-IL) is the result of a mutation in ALG9. This gene encodes the enzyme alpha-1,2-mannosyltransferase. To date, a total of 10 patients from 6 different families have been reported with one of four ALG9 mutations. Seven of these patients had a similar phenotype with failure to thrive, dysmorphic features, seizures, hepatic and/or renal cysts; the other three patients died in utero from a lethal skeletal dysplasia...
December 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891676/pornography-use-in-sexual-minority-males-associations-with-body-dissatisfaction-eating-disorder-symptoms-thoughts-about-using-anabolic-steroids-and-quality-of-life
#20
Scott Griffiths, Deborah Mitchison, Stuart B Murray, Jonathan M Mond
OBJECTIVE: We examined two hypotheses regarding the potential association of pornography use with body image-related and eating disorder-related psychopathology among sexual minority males (i.e. non-heterosexual males). Our primary hypothesis was that pornography use would be associated with males' body dissatisfaction, eating disorder symptoms, thoughts about using anabolic steroids and quality of life impairment; our secondary hypothesis was that the type of pornography, namely, professional versus amateur pornography, which contains idealised and non-idealised (i...
September 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
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