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body dysmorphic disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611331/body-dysmorphic-disorder-diagnosis-clinical-aspects-and-treatment-strategies
#1
REVIEW
Rajiv Ahluwalia, Navneet Kaur Bhatia, Priyanka Sethi Kumar, Parvinder Kaur
AIM: With the increased demand to undertake dental aesthetic and reconstructive procedures, it is imperative for all dental clinicians to have an understanding of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Patient's preoccupations with perceived defect in appearance or excessive concern about minimal flaws are among diagnostic criteria of BDD. Such patients are difficult to please and often undergo cosmetic procedures such as orthodontic treatment. METHODOLOGY: Literature search in PubMed/MEDLINE was conducted from 1891 to 2015...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603420/development-of-a-body-image-concern-scale-using-both-exploratory-and-confirmatory-factor-analyses-in-chinese-university-students
#2
Wenxin He, Qiming Zheng, Yutian Ji, Chanchan Shen, Qisha Zhu, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: The body dysmorphic disorder is prevalent in general population and in psychiatric, dermatological, and plastic-surgery patients, but there lacks a structure-validated, comprehensive self-report measure of body image concerns, which is established through both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. METHODS: We have composed a 34-item matrix targeting the body image concerns and trialed it in 328 male and 365 female Chinese university students...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592837/maternally-derived-15q11-2-q13-1-duplication-and-h19-dmr-hypomethylation-in-a-patient-with-silver-russell-syndrome
#3
Sumito Dateki, Masayo Kagami, Keiko Matsubara, Kei Izumi, Satoshi Watanabe, Akiko Nakatomi, Tatsuro Kondoh, Maki Fukami, Hiroyuki Moriuchi
Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is a congenital developmental disorder characterized by intrauterine and postnatal growth failure, craniofacial features (including a triangular shaped face and broad forehead), relative macrocephaly, protruding forehead, body asymmetry and feeding difficulties. Hypomethylation of the H19 differentially methylated region (DMR) on chromosome 11p15.5 is the most common cause of the SRS phenotype. We report the first SRS patient with hypomethylation of the H19-DMR and maternally derived 15q11...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577583/long-term-outcomes-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-adolescent-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#4
Georgina Krebs, Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, Benedetta Monzani, Laura Bowyer, Martin Anson, Jacinda Cadman, Isobel Heyman, Cynthia Turner, David Veale, David Mataix-Cols
Emerging evidence suggests that cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is an efficacious treatment for adolescent body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in the short term, but longer-term outcomes remain unknown. The current study aimed to follow up a group of adolescents who had originally participated in a randomized controlled trial of CBT for BDD to determine whether treatment gains were maintained. Twenty-six adolescents (mean age = 16.2, SD = 1.6) with a primary diagnosis of BDD received a course of developmentally tailored CBT and were followed up over 12 months...
July 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541768/sex-differences-in-the-presentation-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-a-community-sample-of-adolescents
#5
Sophie C Schneider, Jonathan Mond, Cynthia M Turner, Jennifer L Hudson
The current study sought to explore sex differences in the presentation of probable full-syndrome and subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in adolescents from an Australian community sample. Specifically, it examined sex differences in the types of BDD symptoms endorsed, body areas of concern, and the association with elevated symptoms of comorbid disorders. In male participants, it also compared the presenting features of those with and without muscle dysmorphia. Of 3,149 adolescents assessed using self-report questionnaires, 162 (5...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528596/face-and-object-perception-in-body-dysmorphic-disorder-versus-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-the-mooney-faces-task
#6
Wei Lin Toh, David J Castle, Susan L Rossell
OBJECTIVES: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by repetitive behaviors and/or mental acts occurring in response to preoccupations with perceived defects or flaws in physical appearance. There are some similarities, but also important differences, between BDD and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), not just in terms of core clinical symptoms, but possibly in the domain of perception. This study compared the nature and extent of perceptual anomalies in BDD versus OCD and health controls (HC), using a modified Mooney task...
May 22, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511829/suicidal-behaviors-in-the-dermatology-patient
#7
Madhulika A Gupta, Daiana R Pur, Branka Vujcic, Aditya K Gupta
An assessment of suicidal behaviors in the dermatology patient may be necessary in several situations: (1) in the presence of psychiatric comorbidity (major depressive disorder, body dysmorphic disorder, substance use disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder), encountered in up to 30% of dermatology patients; (2) when dermatologic symptoms ("dysmorphophobia," dermatitis artefacta) represent psychiatric pathologic conditions; (3) when psychosocial stressors (bereavement, interpersonal violence) increase the risk of suicidal behavior and exacerbate stress-reactive dermatoses (psoriasis, acne); (4) in the presence of high disease burden (chronicity, increased disease severity); (5) in instances of significant pruritus or chronic sleep disruption; (6) in the presence of facial lesions or facial scarring; (7) when social exclusion or feelings of alienation arise secondary to the skin disorder; (8) with use of medications (retinoids, biologics) for which suicidal behavior has been implicated as a possible side effect; and (9) when treating psychiatric patients experiencing a serious reaction to psychotropic medications (eg, Stevens-Johnson syndrome and anticonvulsants)...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511828/body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-the-dermatology-patient
#8
Caroline S Koblenzer
Body dysmorphic disorder is primarily a psychiatric disorder, in which the patient believes that some normal or very near normal aspect of his or her physical appearance is distorted or ugly. Should there be a minor abnormality, it is grossly exaggerated in the mind of the patient, causing feelings of shame and embarrassment and leading daily to spending hours at the mirror, or any reflecting surface, as the patient tries to conceal or remove the perceived abnormality through the development of ritualistic behavior...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511820/somatic-symptom-disorder-in-dermatology
#9
James L Levenson, Aditi A Sharma, Alex G Ortega-Loayza
Somatic symptom disorder (SSD) is defined by the prominence of somatic symptoms associated with abnormal thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to the symptoms, resulting in significant distress and impairment. Individuals with these disorders are more commonly encountered in primary care and other medical settings, including dermatology practice, than in psychiatric and other mental health settings. What defines the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors as abnormal is that they are excessive, that is, out of proportion to other patients with similar somatic symptoms, and that they result in significant distress and impairment...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491314/major-depressive-disorder-with-religious-struggle-and-completed-suicide-after-hair-transplantation
#10
Mehmet Emin Ceylan, Barış Önen Ünsalver, Alper Evrensel
OBJECTIVES: Psychological outcomes of aesthetic surgical procedures like hair transplantation are mostly positive including decreased anxiety, depression and social phobia and increased general well-being, self-efficacy and self-esteem. However, some patients may suffer from post-surgical depression and post-surgical increased suicide rates have been reported for breast augmentation patients. Difficulty adapting to the new image, unfulfilled psychological needs expected to be met by the surgery, side effects of the surgery like tissue swelling or bruising, uncontrolled pain, presence of body dysmorphic disorder and previous history of mood disorder may be some of the risk factors for post-surgical depression...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482195/prevalence-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-and-associated-features-in-german-adolescents-a-self-report-survey
#11
Anne Möllmann, Fanny A Dietel, Antje Hunger, Ulrike Buhlmann
Prior research has not yet investigated the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in adolescents and young adults based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5). In the current study, the point prevalence of BDD, comorbid symptoms, and associated features, such as appearance-related suicidality, level of insight or history of plastic surgeries, were examined in a non-clinical sample of German adolescents and young adults (n=308), between 15 and 21 years old, using self-report measures...
April 27, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479822/an-aberrant-presentation-of-delusional-body-dysmorphic-disorder-importance-of-early-psychiatry-liaison
#12
Harshini Manohar, Vikas Menon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471274/contrasting-phenotypes-in-resistance-to-thyroid-hormone-%C3%AE-correlate-with-divergent-properties-of-thyroid-hormone-receptor-%C3%AE-1-mutant-proteins
#13
Carla Moran, Maura Agostini, Anne McGowan, Erik Schoenmakers, Louise Fairall, Greta Lyons, Odelia Rajanayagam, Laura Watson, Amaka C Offiah, John Stephen Barton, Susan Price, John Wr Schwabe, V Krishna Chatterjee
BACKGROUND: Resistance to Thyroid Hormone alpha (RTHα), a disorder characterised by tissue-selective hypothyroidism and near-normal thyroid function tests due to thyroid receptor α gene mutations, is rare but probably underrecognised. We sought to correlate the clinical characteristics and response to thyroxine therapy in two adolescent RTHα patients with the properties of the <i>THRA</i> mutation, affecting both TRα1 and TRα2 proteins, they harboured. METHODS: Clinical, auxological, biochemical and physiological parameters were assessed in each patient at baseline and after thyroxine therapy...
May 4, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453238/attentiveness-of-dermatologists-in-the-middle-east-to-psychocutaneous-medicine
#14
Ossama T Osman, Abdul-Kader Souid, Fadwa Al-Mugaddam, Bell R Eapen, Mohammad Jafferany
Objective: Patients with skin diseases often have psychological problems and complications that require assessment and treatment. The main objective of this study was to explore attentiveness of dermatologists to psychiatric symptoms in their patients. Methods: A previously validated online questionnaire was used to explore the attitude and experience of dermatologists practicing in the Middle East toward the assessment of the psychiatric needs of their patients...
April 27, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438237/are-unwanted-mental-intrusions-a-transdiagnostic-variable
#15
Belén Pascual-Vera, María Roncero-Sanchís, Amparo Belloch Fuster
INTRODUCTION: Unwanted mental intrusions (UMI) constitute the normal variants of obsessions in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), preoccupations about defects in Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), images about illness in Hypochondriasis (HYP), and thoughts about eating in Eating Disorders (EDs). We sought to investigate the relationships between frequency and discomfort associated with the experience of the four UMI contents, adopting a within-subject perspective. METHOD: A group of 438 university students and community participants (Mage= 29...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433854/comorbidity-age-of-onset-and-suicidality-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd-an-international-collaboration
#16
V Brakoulias, V Starcevic, A Belloch, C Brown, Y A Ferrao, L F Fontenelle, C Lochner, D Marazziti, H Matsunaga, E C Miguel, Y C J Reddy, M C do Rosario, R G Shavitt, A Shyam Sundar, D J Stein, A R Torres, K Viswasam
OBJECTIVES: To collate data from multiple obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) treatment centers across seven countries and five continents, and to report findings in relation to OCD comorbidity, age of onset of OCD and comorbid disorders, and suicidality, in a large clinical and ethnically diverse sample, with the aim of investigating cultural variation and the utility of the psychiatric diagnostic classification of obsessive-compulsive and related disorders. METHODS: Researchers in the field of OCD were invited to contribute summary statistics on current and lifetime psychiatric comorbidity, age of onset of OCD and comorbid disorders and suicidality in their patients with OCD...
July 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411353/prevalence-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-plastic-surgery-and-dermatology-patients-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Rafael Vilela Eiras Ribeiro
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder in plastic surgery and dermatology patients, by performing a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis. The most relevant studies published originally in any language were analyzed. The literature search was performed using the PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Scielo databases. The final sample comprised 33 publications that were submitted to meta-analysis. The study verified that 15...
April 14, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397684/-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#18
Mustafa Bashir M Jawad, Magnus Sjögren
Body dysmorphic disorder is defined by a preoccupation of one or more non-existent or slight defects or flaws in the physical appearance. The prevalence is 1.7-2.4% in the general population with a higher incidence rate in women. The rate of suicidal ideation is as high as 80%, and up to 25% of the patients attempt to commit suicide. Comorbidities, such as obsessive compulsive disorder, depression, and anxiety, are frequent. These patients may seek cosmetic or dermatologic rather than psychological treatment...
February 6, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367586/neurocognitive-functioning-in-young-adults-with-subclinical-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#19
Austin W Blum, Sarah A Redden, Jon E Grant
Despite reasonable knowledge of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), little is known of its cognitive antecedents. In this study, we evaluated executive functioning and decision-making in people at risk of developing BDD using neuropsychological tests. Participants were non-treatment seeking volunteers (18-29 years) recruited from the general community, and split into two groups: those "at risk" of developing BDD (N = 5) and controls (N = 82). Participants undertook the One-Touch Stockings of Cambridge, Cambridge Gamble and Spatial Working Memory tasks and were assessed with the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire...
April 3, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366095/body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-patients-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-reflection-of-increased-local-processing-and-self-focus
#20
Sara B Vasudeva, Eric Hollander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
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