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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667794/body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-the-cosmetic-practice
#1
Helena Kuhn, Paulo R Cunha, Natalie H Matthews, George Kroumpouzos
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a preoccupation with a slight or imagined flaw in appearance that causes significant distress and impairment in daily functioning. The disease is more prevalent among patients who seek aesthetic procedures as compared with population standards or individuals that are not interested in aesthetic surgery. Several studies have indicated that BDD symptoms typically worsen after an aesthetic procedure because the preoccupation shifts to a different body area. This article discusses the demographic and clinical features, psychiatric comorbidity, assessment, differential diagnosis, and management of BDD...
April 18, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628935/neurodevelopmental-genetic-diseases-associated-with-microdeletions-and-microduplications-of-chromosome-17p13-3
#2
REVIEW
Sara M Blazejewski, Sarah A Bennison, Trevor H Smith, Kazuhito Toyo-Oka
Chromosome 17p13.3 is a region of genomic instability that is linked to different rare neurodevelopmental genetic diseases, depending on whether a deletion or duplication of the region has occurred. Chromosome microdeletions within 17p13.3 can result in either isolated lissencephaly sequence (ILS) or Miller-Dieker syndrome (MDS). Both conditions are associated with a smooth cerebral cortex, or lissencephaly, which leads to developmental delay, intellectual disability, and seizures. However, patients with MDS have larger deletions than patients with ILS, resulting in additional symptoms such as poor muscle tone, congenital anomalies, abnormal spasticity, and craniofacial dysmorphisms...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594718/suicidality-in-subjects-with-anxiety-or-obsessive-compulsive-and-related-disorders-recent-advances
#3
REVIEW
Diego De La Vega, Lucas Giner, Philippe Courtet
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Historically, anxiety disorders have not been considered as important determinants of suicide, but in the last years, many works have challenged this assumption. Here, we will review the available evidence on the relationship between suicide and anxiety disorders (e.g., obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and body dysmorphic disorder), with special emphasis on findings published in the last years...
March 28, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573030/treatment-course-and-its-predictors-in-patients-with-somatoform-disorders-a-routine-outcome-monitoring-study-in-secondary-psychiatric-care
#4
I V E Carlier, D H Andree Wiltens, Y R van Rood, T van Veen, J Dekker, A M van Hemert
AIM: Somatoform disorders are common and often chronic. It would be helpful to distinguish those patients who are likely to have a positive treatment course from those who are likely to follow a negative course. Such studies of different somatoform disorders are scarce, especially in secondary psychiatric care. This study examined the 6-month treatment course of psychological, physical symptoms, and functioning, and its predictors in a naturalistic sample of secondary psychiatric care outpatients with somatoform disorders...
March 23, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569781/are-dermatologists-who-treat-patients-with-delusional-infestation-at-risk-of-major-complaints-and-being-stalked
#5
M-A Gkini, D Dimitrov, T Tanev, Y Chan, R Taylor, A Bewley
Patients with delusional infestation (DI) usually reject referral to psychiatrists but will avidly seek help from dermatologists.¹, ² Psychiatrists and related healthcare staff are at risk of complaints, abuse and being stalked,³ but so are other specialties such as plastic surgeons. In a study conducted in Australasia, 20% of cosmetic and plastic surgeons reported having been harassed by patients, especially those with body dysmorphic disorder or other underlying psychopathology. No relevant data are available for dermatologists...
March 23, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557815/shame-and-defectiveness-beliefs-in-treatment-seeking-patients-with-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#6
Hilary Weingarden, Ashley M Shaw, Katharine A Phillips, Sabine Wilhelm
Shame is a distressing emotion experienced when individuals judge themselves in a broadly negative and critical manner. Clinical descriptions of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) emphasize the centrality of shame, yet research on shame in BDD remains scarce. This study is the largest investigation of shame in clinically diagnosed individuals with BDD, and it is the first to examine whether shame changes with treatment. Eighty-three adults with BDD were treated with 14 weeks of open-label escitalopram. Shame was measured using the Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530107/effects-of-an-appearance-focused-interpretation-training-intervention-on-eating-disorder-symptoms
#7
Berta J Summers, Jesse R Cougle
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests that computerized interpretation bias modification (IBM) techniques may be useful for modifying thoughts and behaviours relevant to eating pathology; however, little is known about the utility of IBM for decreasing specific eating disorder (ED) symptoms (e.g. bulimia, drive for thinness). AIMS: The current study sought to further examine the utility of IBM for ED symptoms via secondary analyses of an examination of IBM for individuals with elevated body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) symptoms (see Summers and Cougle, 2016), as these disorders are both characterized by threat interpretation biases of ambiguous appearance-related information...
March 13, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486813/prevalence-and-heritability-of-body-dysmorphic-symptoms-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-population-based-nationwide-twin-study
#8
Jesper Enander, Volen Z Ivanov, David Mataix-Cols, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Brjánn Ljótsson, Sebastian Lundström, Ana Pérez-Vigil, Benedetta Monzani, Paul Lichtenstein, Christian Rück
BACKGROUND: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) usually begins during adolescence but little is known about the prevalence, etiology, and patterns of comorbidity in this age group. We investigated the prevalence of BDD symptoms in adolescents and young adults. We also report on the relative importance of genetic and environmental influences on BDD symptoms, and the risk for co-existing psychopathology. METHODS: Prevalence of BDD symptoms was determined by a validated cut-off on the Dysmorphic Concerns Questionnaire (DCQ) in three population-based twin cohorts at ages 15 (n = 6968), 18 (n = 3738), and 20-28 (n = 4671)...
February 28, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425275/breast-hypertrophy-reduction-mammaplasty-and-body-image
#9
Cristiane Costa Fonseca, Daniela Francescato Veiga, Edgard da Silva Garcia, Isaías Vieira Cabral, Monique Maçais de Carvalho, Maria José Azevedo de Brito, Lydia Masako Ferreira
Background: Body image dissatisfaction is one of the major factors that motivate patients to undergo plastic surgery. However, few studies have associated body satisfaction with reduction mammaplasty. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of breast hypertrophy and reduction mammaplasty on body image. Methods: Breast hypertrophy patients, with reduction mammaplasty already scheduled between June 2013 and December 2015 (mammaplasty group, MG), were prospectively evaluated through the body dysmorphic disorder examination (BDDE), body investment scale (BIS), and breast evaluation questionnaire (BEQ55) tools...
February 7, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395883/-investigation-of-tall-stature-in-children-diagnostic-work-up-review-of-the-main-causes
#10
J Vergier, E Marquant, T Busa, R Reynaud
Tall stature is not a common motive for medical consultation, even though by definition 2.5 % of children in the general population are concerned. It is usually defined as height greater than+2 standard deviations (SD) using the appropriate growth chart for age and gender, or a difference greater than +2 SD between actual height and target height. With a patient presenting tall stature, the physician has to determine whether it is a benign feature or a disease. Indeed, making the diagnosis is essential for hormonal disease or genetic overgrowth syndromes...
January 29, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362698/attentional-biases-toward-body-images-in-males-at-high-risk-of-muscle-dysmorphia
#11
Xinhong Jin, Yahong Jin, Shi Zhou, Shun-Nan Yang, Shuzhi Chang, Hui Li
Objective: Although research on muscle dysmorphia (MD), a body dysmorphic disorder subtype, has recently increased, the causes and mechanisms underlying this disorder remain unclear. Results from studies examining disorders associated with body image suggest the involvement of self-schema in biasing attention toward specific body information. The present study examined whether individuals at higher risk of MD also display attentional biases toward specific types of body images. Methods: The validated Chinese version of the Muscle Appearance Satisfaction Scale was used to distinguish men at higher and lower risk of MD...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336012/predictors-and-consequences-of-health-anxiety-symptoms-a-novel-twin-modeling-study
#12
C López-Solà, M Bui, J L Hopper, L F Fontenelle, C G Davey, C Pantelis, P Alonso, O A van den Heuvel, B J Harrison
OBJECTIVE: The question of how to best conceptualize health anxiety (HA) from a diagnostic and etiological perspective remains debated. The aim was to examine the relationship between HA and the symptoms of anxiety and obsessive-compulsive-related disorders in a normative twin population. METHOD: Four hundred and ninety-six monozygotic adult twin pairs from the Australian Twin Registry participated in the study (age, 34.4 ± 7.72 years; 59% females). Validated scales were used to assess each domain...
March 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251748/-disturbances-of-the-body-image-a-cultural-and-historical-comparison-between-the-glass-delusion-and-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#13
E I Müller
background Research on body dysmorphic disorder (bdd) shows that many debates in the field of psychology, sociology and philosophy already focus on the ways 'ideals of the perfect body' influence this disorder. However, more work needs to be done on the question in what ways bdd is culturally, historically and technologically mediated. AIM: To argue that norms and values of the perfect body and the ways a society prescribes how body and mind should be related, are technologically mediated through different time frames, which influence disorders of disturbances of the body image...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247735/a-prospective-study-of-adolescents-body-dysmorphic-symptoms-peer-victimization-and-the-direct-and-protective-roles-of-emotion-regulation-and-mindfulness
#14
Cassie H Lavell, Haley J Webb, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Lara J Farrell
In this study, we examined whether peer appearance-related victimization was associated with adolescents' increasing body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) symptoms over 12 months. Also, given emotion regulation and mindfulness have been associated with less body dissatisfaction, we expected that they would protect against the negative impact of peer victimization on BDD symptoms. Participants were 367 Australian adolescents (Mage  = 13 years). In multiple regressions, two aspects of emotion regulation, strategies and clarity, and two components of mindfulness, acting with awareness and being non-judgmental, were uniquely associated with fewer BDD symptoms at T2 relative to T1...
December 13, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202381/set-shifting-and-visuospatial-organization-deficits-in-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#15
Jennifer L Greenberg, Hilary Weingarden, Lillian Reuman, Dylan Abrams, Suraj S Mothi, Sabine Wilhelm
Individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) over-attend to perceived defect(s) in their physical appearance, often becoming "stuck" obsessing about perceived flaws and engaging in rituals to hide flaws. These symptoms suggest that individuals with BDD may experience deficits in underlying neurocognitive functions, such as set-shifting and visuospatial organization. These deficits have been implicated as risk and maintenance factors in disorders with similarities to BDD but have been minimally investigated in BDD...
November 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143715/scar-satisfaction-and-body-image-in-thyroidectomy-patients-prospective-study-in-a-tertiary-referral-centre
#16
P Sethukumar, D Ly, Z Awad, N S Tolley
BACKGROUND: This study is the first to evaluate scar satisfaction and body image in thyroidectomy patients using validated assessment tools. METHODS: A total of 123 thyroidectomy patients were recruited over 8 months. Both patients and clinicians completed assessment tools that included: the Manchester Scar Scale (to measure scar perception), Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire (to assess body image), Body Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire (to screen for body dysmorphic disorder) and EQ-5D (to measure life quality)...
January 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102368/-body-dysmorphic-disorder-future-prospects-of-medical-care
#17
E Siegfried, A Ayrolles, H Rahioui
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by excessive preoccupation with a slight or imagined defect in one's physical appearance, believing they look ugly, abnormal or deformed. While the most common preoccupations focus on the skin, hair and nose, any part of the body may be involved. Preoccupations are intrusive, time-consuming and hard to control. Repetitive behaviors are performed in response to the preoccupations. BDD is associated with marked impairment in socio-professional functioning, poor quality of life and high suicide rates...
November 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099545/evaluation-of-the-body-parts-that-preoccupy-adolescents-with-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#18
Mohammad Jafferany, Ferdnand C Osuagwu
Objective: To evaluate which body parts preoccupy adolescents with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Methods: Patients admitted to an inpatient psychiatric hospital who agreed to take part in the study completed the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire (child and adolescent version) and Body Dysmorphic Disorder Diagnostic Module. Patients also completed a questionnaire that addressed age at onset, coping strategies, history of sexual abuse, amount of time patients spent thinking about their perceived defects, and the area of the body that the participants were preoccupied with and the specific coping strategy used...
October 26, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075869/-body-dysmorphic-disorder-diagnostics-and-treatment-in-cosmetic-dermatology
#19
REVIEW
T Lahousen, D Linder, T Gieler, U Gieler
People with a body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) suffer from excessive preoccupation and anxiety about an imagined or to others a negligible defect in their appearance. They cannot bear to look at themselves, feel ugly, are convinced that their nose, their physique and their skin are disfiguring. The more concerned they become about their appearance, the more their attention is drawn to the ostensible blemishes and reinforces the impression of their own unattractiveness. Those affected do not consider themselves to be ill, but are convinced that it is a real physical defect which forces them again and again to stand in front of the mirror...
December 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075327/mosaic-upd-7q-mat-in-a-patient-with-silver-russell-syndrome
#20
Jiasun Su, Jin Wang, Xin Fan, Chunyun Fu, ShuJie Zhang, Yue Zhang, Zailong Qin, Hongdou Li, Jingsi Luo, Chuan Li, Tingting Jiang, Yiping Shen
BACKGROUND: Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is one of the imprinting disorders characterized by prenatal and postnatal growth restriction, relative macrocephaly, body asymmetry and characteristic facial features. ~ 10% of SRS cases are known to be associated with maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 7 (UPD(7)mat). Mosaic maternal segmental UPD of 7q (UPD(7q)mat) is very rare, had only been described in one case before. CASE PRESENTATION: We reported a second case of mosaic segmental UPD involving 7q...
2017: Molecular Cytogenetics
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