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body dysmorphic disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076636/body-dysmorphic-symptoms-scale-for-patients-seeking-esthetic-surgery-cross-cultural-validation-study
#1
Tatiana Dalpasquale Ramos, Maria José Azevedo de Brito, Mônica Sarto Piccolo, Maria Fernanda Normanha da Silva Martins Rosella, Miguel Sabino, Lydia Masako Ferreira
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Rhinoplasty is one of the most sought-after esthetic operations among individuals with body dysmorphic disorder. The aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt and validate the Body Dysmorphic Symptoms Scale. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-cultural validation study conducted in a plastic surgery outpatient clinic of a public university hospital. METHODS: Between February 2014 and March 2015, 80 consecutive patients of both sexes seeking rhinoplasty were selected...
November 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032161/psychological-and-psychiatric-traits-in-post-bariatric-patients-asking-for-body-contouring-surgery
#2
Chiara Pavan, Massimo Marini, Eleonora De Antoni, Carlotta Scarpa, Tito Brambullo, Franco Bassetto, Annapina Mazzotta, Vincenzo Vindigni
BACKGROUNDS: Obese patients, mainly females, feel uncomfortable and unsatisfied with their physical appearance; they have a wrong perception of their image and consequently diminish their self-esteem, sometimes showing difficulties in functional areas such as work, relationship, social activity. Beside health concerns, improving their appearance and body image are often common motives for weight loss in obese individuals and after weight loss about 30% of bariatric surgery patients undergo plastic surgical correction of excessive skin...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002312/committee-opinion-no-686-breast-and-labial-surgery-in-adolescents
#3
(no author information available yet)
The obstetrician-gynecologist may receive requests from adolescents and their families for advice, surgery, or referral for conditions of the breast or vulva to improve appearance and function. Appropriate counseling and guidance of adolescents with these concerns require a comprehensive and thoughtful approach, special knowledge of normal physical and psychosocial growth and development, and assessment of the physical maturity and emotional readiness of the patient. Individuals should be screened for body dysmorphic disorder...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002307/committee-opinion-no-686-summary-breast-and-labial-surgery-in-adolescents
#4
(no author information available yet)
The obstetrician-gynecologist may receive requests from adolescents and their families for advice, surgery, or referral for conditions of the breast or vulva to improve appearance and function. Appropriate counseling and guidance of adolescents with these concerns require a comprehensive and thoughtful approach, special knowledge of normal physical and psychosocial growth and development, and assessment of the physical maturity and emotional readiness of the patient. Individuals should be screened for body dysmorphic disorder...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998509/visual-selective-attention-in-body-dysmorphic-disorder-bulimia-nervosa-and-healthy-controls
#5
Ines Kollei, Stefanie Horndasch, Yesim Erim, Alexandra Martin
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive behavioral models postulate that selective attention plays an important role in the maintenance of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). It is suggested that individuals with BDD overfocus on perceived defects in their appearance, which may contribute to the excessive preoccupation with their appearance. METHODS: The present study used eye tracking to examine visual selective attention in individuals with BDD (n=19), as compared to individuals with bulimia nervosa (BN) (n=21) and healthy controls (HCs) (n=21)...
January 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968940/obsession-with-perfection-body-dysmorphia
#6
Neelam A Vashi
The deeply rooted fascination with beauty penetrates society worldwide. The indulgence to look and feel beautiful pervades all ages, genders, and nationalities, with research conferring a remarkable tendency to agree on measures of attractiveness among these disparate groups. Research has found that beautiful people do, in fact, receive more desirable outcomes in life and job satisfaction, family formation, and overall happiness. Humans have a tendency to respond to attractive persons more favorably, driving many patients to our clinics...
November 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942471/mixed-vascular-nevus-syndrome-a-report-of-four-new-cases-and-a-literature-review
#7
Martino Ruggieri, Agata Polizzi, Serena Strano, Carmelo Schepis, Massimiliano Morano, Giuseppe Belfiore, Stefano Palmucci, Pietro Valerio Foti, Concetta Pirrone, Vito Sofia, Emanuele David, Vincenzo Salpietro, Kshitij Mankad, Pietro Milone
BACKGROUND: Mixed vascular nevus (or nevus vascularis mixtus) represents an admixture of cutaneous vascular malformations of the telangiectatic type and angiospastic spots of nevus anemicus. It can occur as an purely cutaneous trait or as a hallmark of a neurocutaneous phenotype (mixed vascular nevus syndrome) characterised by the combination of: (I) paired vascular (telangiectatic and anemic) twin nevi and brain abnormalities of the Dyke-Davidoff-Masson type (i.e., crossed cerebral/cerebellar hemiatrophy with hypoplasia of the ipsilateral cerebral vessels and homolateral hypertrophy of the skull and sinuses (hyperpneumatisation) with contralateral hemispheric hypertrophy); or (II) paired vascular twin nevi and brain malformations of the Dyke-Davidoff-Masson type in association with systemic abnormalities consisting in facial asymmetry, skeletal anomalies (i...
October 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931018/primary-carnitine-deficiency-and-newborn-screening-for-disorders-of-the-carnitine-cycle
#8
Nicola Longo
Carnitine is needed for transfer of long-chain fatty acids across the inner mitochondrial membrane for subsequent β-oxidation. Carnitine can be synthesized by the body and is also obtained in the diet through consumption of meat and dairy products. Defects in carnitine transport such as those caused by defective activity of the OCTN2 transporter encoded by the SLC22A5 gene result in primary carnitine deficiency, and newborn screening programmes can identify patients at risk for this condition before irreversible damage...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930752/prevalence-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-and-surgeon-diagnostic-accuracy-in-facial-plastic-and-oculoplastic-surgery-clinics
#9
Andrew W Joseph, Lisa Ishii, Shannon S Joseph, Jane I Smith, Peiyi Su, Kristin Bater, Patrick Byrne, Kofi Boahene, Ira Papel, Theda Kontis, Raymond Douglas, Christine C Nelson, Masaru Ishii
Importance: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a relative contraindication for facial plastic surgery, but formal screening is not common in practice. The prevalence of BDD in patients seeking facial plastic surgery is not well documented. Objective: To establish the prevalence of BDD across facial plastic and oculoplastic surgery practice settings, and estimate the ability of surgeons to screen for BDD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter prospective study recruited a cohort of 597 patients who presented to academic and private facial plastic and oculoplastic surgery practices from March 2015 to February 2016...
December 8, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918970/-not-just-right-experiences-and-incompleteness-in-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#10
Berta J Summers, Natalie L Matheny, Jesse R Cougle
The current studies examined the role of 'not just right' experiences (NJREs) and incompleteness (INC) in body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). In Study 1, a clinical BDD sample endorsed more severe NJREs than healthy controls, when controlling co-occurring symptoms of depression and anxiety. In Study 2, INC predicted reactivity to an in vivo task designed to evoke BDD-related concerns in an unselected sample. Study 3 demonstrated a positive relationship between INC and BDD symptom severity in a community sample...
January 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918913/reduced-cortical-thickness-in-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#11
Sally A Grace, Ben G Buchanan, Jerome J Maller, Wei Lin Toh, David J Castle, Susan L Rossell
Recent neuroimaging studies in body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) have implicated abnormal structure and function of occipito-temporal and fronto-limbic regions in the potential pathophysiology of the disorder. To date, morphometric investigations have yielded inconsistent results, and have suggested that clinical symptoms may mediate structural brain abnormalities in BDD. We measured Grey Matter (GM) cortical thickness in 20 participants with BDD and 20 healthy control participants matched on age, gender, estimated IQ and handedness...
January 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899165/cognitive-dysfunction-in-body-dysmorphic-disorder-new-implications-for-nosological-systems-and-neurobiological-models
#12
Kiri Jefferies-Sewell, Samuel R Chamberlain, Naomi A Fineberg, Keith R Laws
: Introduction Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a debilitating disorder, characterized by obsessions and compulsions relating specifically to perceived appearance, and which has been newly classified within the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders grouping. Until now, little research has been conducted into the cognitive profile of this disorder. METHODS: Participants with BDD (n=12) and participants without BDD (n=16) were tested using a computerized neurocognitive battery investigating attentional set-shifting (Intra/Extra Dimensional Set Shift Task), decision-making (Cambridge Gamble Task), motor response-inhibition (Stop-Signal Reaction Time Task), and affective processing (Affective Go-No Go Task)...
November 30, 2016: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866170/measurement-invariance-of-a-body-dysmorphic-disorder-symptom-questionnaire-across-sex-the-body-image-questionnaire-child-and-adolescent-version
#13
Sophie C Schneider, Andrew J Baillie, Jonathan Mond, Cynthia M Turner, Jennifer L Hudson
Measures of body dysmorphic disorder symptoms have received little psychometric evaluation in adolescent samples. This study aimed to examine cross-sex measurement invariance in the Body Image Questionnaire-Child and Adolescent version (BIQ-C) to establish whether observed sex differences in total scores may be meaningful or due to differences in measurement properties. A sample of 3,057 Australian high school students completed the initial screening item of the measure (63.2% male, Mage = 14.58 years, SD = 1...
November 19, 2016: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855298/imagery-rescripting-as-a-clinical-intervention-for-aversive-memories-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Nexhmedin Morina, Jaap Lancee, Arnoud Arntz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Literature suggests that imagery rescripting (ImRs) is an effective psychological intervention. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis of ImRs for psychological complaints that are associated with aversive memories. Relevant publications were collected from the databases Medline, PsychInfo, and Web of Science. RESULTS: The search identified 19 trials (including seven randomized controlled trials) with 363 adult patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (eight trials), social anxiety disorder (six trials), body dysmorphic disorder (two trials), major depression (one trial), bulimia nervosa (one trial), or obsessive compulsive disorder (one trial)...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803720/prevalence-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-and-its-association-with-body-features-in-female-medical-students
#15
Shaik Shaffi Ahamed, Jawaher Enani, Lama Alfaraidi, Lujain Sannari, Rihaf Algain, Zainah Alsawah, Ali Al Hazmi
BACKGROUND: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a distressing psychiatric disorder. So far there have not been any studies on BDD in Saudi Arabia. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder in female medical students and to investigate whether there is an association between BDD and body features of concern, social anxiety and symptoms of BDD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional study was carried out on female medical students of the college of medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia during January to April, 2015...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796265/a-rare-cause-of-short-stature-patient-with-3m-syndrome-revealed-a-novel-mutation-in-obsl1-gene
#16
Meliksah Keskin, Nursel Muratoğlu Şahin, Erdal Kurnaz, Elvan Bayramoğlu, Senay Şavas Erdeve, Zehra Aycan, Semra Çetinkaya
The 3M syndrome is a rare autosomal disorder that can lead to short stature, dysmorphic features and skeletal abnormalities with normal intelligence. A 16 months old female patient had been referred to our clinic due to short stature. Case history revealed a birth weight of 1740 grams on 39th week of gestation, with a birth length of 42 cm and no prior hereditary conditions of clinical significance in her family. On physical examination, her height was 67 cm (-3.6 SD score), body weight was 7.2 kg (-2.9 SD score) with a head circumference of 42 cm (below 3rd percentile)...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761610/avoiding-psychological-pitfalls-in-aesthetic-medical-procedures
#17
Qiuyu Wang, Chuan Cao, Rui Guo, Xiaoge Li, Lele Lu, Wenping Wang, Shirong Li
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in an aesthetic surgery setting in the region of Southwest China, and to ascertain the differences in terms of body images between patients in the aesthetic setting and general Chinese population. This study tracked patient satisfaction with their body image changes while undergoing aesthetic medical procedures to identify whether the condition of patients who were presenting with BDD symptoms or their psychological symptoms could be improved by enhancing their appearance...
December 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761090/screening-for-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-a-dermatology-outpatient-setting-at-a-tertiary-care-centre
#18
Fibin Thanveer, Niti Khunger
CONTEXT: A distressing pre-occupation with an imagined or slight defect in appearance with a marked negative effect on the patient's life is the core symptom of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). AIM: To screen the patients attending a dermatology clinic at a tertiary care centre for BDD using the BDD-dermatology version (DV) questionnaire. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This cross-sectional study enrolled 245 consecutive patients from the dermatology outpatients clinic...
July 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760403/body-dysmorphic-disorder-symptoms-and-risk-for-suicide-the-role-of-depression
#19
A M Shaw, K A Arditte Hall, E Rosenfield, K R Timpano
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is associated with elevated suicidality. Little is known about why BDD patients are at increased risk. The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide (IPTS) could clarify suicidality in BDD, and theorizes that perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness lead to suicidal desire, while an acquired capability for suicide is necessary to attempt suicide. No study has investigated how BDD symptoms relate to IPTS constructs or mediators of the relationship between BDD and suicidality...
December 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752342/compliance-of-community-teams-with-specialist-service-recommendations-for-obsessive-compulsive-and-body-dysmorphic-disorders
#20
Paul M Harris, Lynne M Drummond
Aims and method To examine how often referring community mental health teams (CMHTs) utilised treatment recommendations made by the national highly specialised service for patients with severe obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). We analysed all patient notes for admissions to the unit (August 2012-August 2014) and recorded how many treatment recommendations were implemented by CMHTs prior to admission and at 6 months post-discharge. Results Overall, 66% of our recommendations were met by CMHTs prior to admission and 74% after discharge...
October 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
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