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Blood restriction training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350278/lower-body-blood-flow-restriction-training-may-induce-remote-muscle-strength-adaptations-in-an-active-unrestricted-arm
#1
Anthony K May, Aaron P Russell, Stuart A Warmington
PURPOSE: We examined the concurrent characteristics of the remote development of strength and cross-sectional area (CSA) of upper body skeletal muscle in response to lower body resistance training performed with an applied blood flow restriction (BFR). METHODS: Males allocated to an experimental BFR group (EXP; n = 12) or a non-BFR control group (CON; n = 12) completed 7-weeks of resistance training comprising three sets of unilateral bicep curls [50% 1-repetition maximum (1-RM)], then four sets of bilateral knee extension and flexion exercises (30% 1-RM)...
January 19, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323399/-usability-and-acceptability-of-portable-exoskeletons-for-gait-training-in-subjects-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#2
H Mardomingo-Medialdea, P Fernandez-Gonzalez, F Molina-Rueda
INTRODUCTION: Spinal cord injury limits severely life expectancy and it causes in a restriction in the activities of the daily life of the subjects who suffer it. Training the gait with portable exoskeletons in subjects with spinal cord injury is a new approach to rehabilitation. AIM: To examine the usability and acceptability of these devices for gait training in subjects with spinal cord injury. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted until February 2017 in the databases: Medline (PubMed, EBSCO), PEDro, Scopus and Web of Science...
January 16, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317069/blood-flow-restriction-training-as-a-prehabilitation-concept-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-narrative-review-about-current-preoperative-interventions-and-the-potential-impact-of-bfr
#3
Alexander Franz, Fina Pauline Queitsch, Michael Behringer, Constantin Mayer, Rüdiger Krauspe, Christoph Zilkens
Osteoarthritis of the knee is one of the most commonly diagnosed joint ailments and responsible for increased rates of total knee arthroplasty surgeries worldwide. Whereas the surgical approach is able to diminish the perceived knee pain of concerned patients', the postoperative recovery is often accompanied by persistent skeletal muscle dysfunctions and atrophy, which is responsible for functional deficits for up to several years. Recent findings indicate that surgery induced adverse effects on skeletal muscles are largely associated with the use of pneumatic tourniquets, wherefore several studies try to reduce tourniquet use in orthopedic surgery...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302224/tobacco-use-disorder-and-treatment-new-challenges-and-opportunities
#4
Douglas Ziedonis, Smita Das, Celine Larkin
Tobacco use remains a global problem, and options for consumers have increased with the development and marketing of e-cigarettes and other new nicotine and tobacco products, such as "heat-not-burn" tobacco and dissolvable tobacco. The increased access to these new products is juxtaposed with expanding public health and clinical intervention options, including mobile technologies and social media. The persistent high rate of tobacco-use disorders among those with psychiatric disorders has gathered increased global attention, including successful approaches to individual treatment and organizational-level interventions...
September 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277852/comparative-effectiveness-of-implementation-strategies-for-blood-pressure-control-in-hypertensive-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Katherine T Mills, Katherine M Obst, Wei Shen, Sandra Molina, Hui-Jie Zhang, Hua He, Lisa A Cooper, Jiang He
Background: The prevalence of hypertension is high and is increasing worldwide, whereas the proportion of controlled hypertension is low. Purpose: To assess the comparative effectiveness of 8 implementation strategies for blood pressure (BP) control in adults with hypertension. Data Sources: Systematic searches of MEDLINE and Embase from inception to September 2017 with no language restrictions, supplemented with manual reference searches...
December 26, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237062/rumpel-leede-phenomenon-associated-with-blood-flow-restriction-training
#6
Takeshi Kondo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234504/the-effects-of-low-intensity-blood-flow-restricted-exercise-compared-with-conventional-resistance-training-on-the-clinical-outcomes-of-active-uk-military-personnel-following-a-3-week-in-patient-rehabilitation-programme-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility
#7
Peter Ladlow, Russell J Coppack, Shreshth Dharm-Datta, Dean Conway, Edward Sellon, Stephen D Patterson, Alexander N Bennett
Background: A challenge for rehabilitation practitioners lies in designing optimal exercise programmes that facilitate musculoskeletal (MSK) adaptations whilst simultaneously accommodating biological healing and the safe loading of an injured limb. A growing body of evidence supports the use of resistance training at a reduced load in combination with blood flow restriction (BFR) to enhance hypertrophic and strength responses in skeletal muscle. In-patient rehabilitation has a long tradition in the UK Military, however, the efficacy of low intensity (LI) BFR training has not been tested in this rehabilitation setting...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184265/long-term-low-intensity-endurance-exercise-along-with-blood-flow-restriction-improves-muscle-mass-and-neuromuscular-junction-compartments-in-old-rats
#8
Mohammad-Ali Bahreini Pour, Siyavash Joukar, Fariborz Hovanloo, Hamid Najafipour
Background: During the aging process, muscle atrophy and neuromuscular junction remodeling are inevitable. The present study aimed to clarify whether low-intensity aerobic exercise along with limb blood-flow restriction (BFR) could improve aging-induced muscle atrophy and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) at the neuromuscular junction. Methods: Forty-eight male Wistar rats, aged 23-24 months, were randomly divided into control, sham (Sh: subjected to surgery without BFR), BFR (subjected to BFR), exercise (Ex: subjected to 10 weeks of low-intensity exercise), Sh+Ex, and BFR+Ex groups...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182412/the-effect-of-water-loading-on-acute-weight-loss-following-fluid-restriction-in-combat-sports-athletes
#9
Reid Reale, Gary Slater, Ian C Dunican, Gregory R Cox, Louise M Burke
Novel methods of acute weight loss practiced by combat sport athletes include 'water loading’; the consumption of large fluid volumes for several days prior to restriction. We examined claims this technique increases total body water losses, while also assessing the risk of hyponatremia. Male athletes were separated into control (CON, n=10) and water loading (WL, n=11) groups and fed a standardised energy-matched diet for 6 days. Day 1-3 fluid intake was 40 mL·kg-1 and 100 mL·kg-1 for CON and WL, respectively with both groups consuming 15 mL·kg-1on Day 4 and following the same rehydration protocol on Days 5-6...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140137/v%C3%AC-o2-and-muscle-deoxygenation-kinetics-during-skating-comparison-between-slide-board-and-treadmill-skating
#10
Tatiane Piucco, Rogério Soares, Fernando Diefenthaeler, Guillaume Millet, Juan Murias
PURPOSE: this study aimed to compare the oxygen uptake (V̇O2) kinetics during skating on a treadmill and skating on a slide board and discuss potential mechanisms that might control the V̇O2 kinetics responses during skating. METHODS: breath-by-breath pulmonary V̇O2 and near-infrared spectroscopy-derived muscle deoxygenation ([HHbMb]) were monitored continuously in 12 well-trained young long track speed skaters. On-transient V̇O2 and [HHbMb] responses to skating on a treadmill and skating on a slide board at 80% of the estimated gas exchange threshold were fitted as mono-exponential function...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137927/the-cholesterol-lowering-effect-of-statins-is-potentiated-by-whole-grains-intake-the-polish-norwegian-study-pons
#11
Georgeta D Vaidean, Marta Manczuk, Sandeep S Vansal, Jacqueline Griffith
BACKGROUND: Hypercholesterolemia treatment guidelines emphasize an adequate whole grains (WG) intake, alone or complementary to pharmacological treatment. We conducted this study to compare the prevalence of adequate WG intake and levels of blood lipids according to the statin/WG intake status. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis of a community-based study included 12,754 men and women, age 45-64. Statin use over past 30days was recorded by trained nurses. Food intake over past 12months was assessed by a validated food-frequency questionnaire...
November 11, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121681/concurrent-training-with-blood-flow-restriction-does-not-decrease-inflammatory-markers
#12
Thiago Mattos Frota de Souza, Cleiton Augusto Libardi, Cláudia Regina Cavaglieri, Arthur Fernandes Gáspari, Diego Trevisan Brunelli, Giovana Vergínia de Souza, Carlos Ugrinowitsch, Li Min Li, Mara Patricia Traina Chacon-Mikahil
The aging process is associated with several changes in the elderly such as the decrease in cardiorespiratory fitness, strength and muscle mass, in addition to chronic low-grade inflammation. Concurrent training with blood flow restriction can be an interesting alternative to improve functional capacity with low mechanical stress in the elderly. The purpose of this study was to compare the inflammatory effects in older individuals submitted to two different protocols of concurrent training. Twenty-two healthy older adults (63...
January 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112627/impact-of-blood-flow-restriction-exercise-on-muscle-fatigue-development-and-recovery
#13
Florian Husmann, Thomas Mittlmeier, Sven Bruhn, Volker Zschorlich, Martin Behrens
PURPOSE: The present study was designed to provide mechanistic insight into the time-course and etiology of muscle fatigue development and recovery during and after low-intensity exercise when it is combined with blood flow restriction (BFR). METHODS: Seventeen resistance-trained males completed four sets of low-intensity isotonic resistance exercise under two experimental conditions: knee extension exercise combined with (i) BFR and (ii) without BFR (CON). Neuromuscular tests were performed before, during (immediately after each set of knee extension exercise) and 1, 2, 4, and 8 min after each experimental condition...
November 6, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091479/case-study-the-effect-of-nutritional-intervention-on-body-composition-and-physical-performance-of-a-female-squash-player
#14
Christopher Rosimus
The body composition of a squash player may affect athletic performance as carrying excessive body fat may increase injury risk and impair agility and speed. This case study outlines the effect of a nutritional intervention on body composition, vitamin D status and physical performance of a female squash player. A structured, 6-week moderate energy-restricted diet (70-78% of Estimated Energy Requirement (EER) of 2300 kcal was implemented with weekly support. A daily supplement of vitamin D, omega 3 fatty acids, and a multivitamin/multimineral and whey protein was used...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084094/the-effects-of-practical-blood-flow-restriction-training-on-adolescent-lower-body-strength
#15
Paul E Luebbers, Emily V Witte, Johnathan Q Oshel
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a practical blood flow restriction (BFR) training program on lower-body strength of high school weightlifters. Twenty-five students were divided into three groups. For six weeks, each group completed the same resistance training program with the exception of the parallel back squat exercise (2 days/week), which was different for each group. One group (HI) completed a traditional high load (≥65% 1RM) back squat protocol with three sets of low repetitions (≤10)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084035/risks-of-exertional-rhabdomyolysis-with-blood-flow-restricted-training-beyond-the-case-report
#16
Kyle M A Thompson, Joshua T Slysz, Jamie F Burr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075629/carbohydrate-restriction-with-high-intensity-interval-training-an-optimal-combination-for-treating-metabolic-diseases
#17
Monique E Francois, Jenna B Gillen, Jonathan P Little
Lifestyle interventions incorporating both diet and exercise strategies remain cornerstone therapies for treating metabolic disease. Carbohydrate-restriction and high-intensity interval training (HIIT) have independently been shown to improve cardiovascular and metabolic health. Carbohydrate-restriction reduces postprandial hyperglycemia, thereby limiting potential deleterious metabolic and cardiovascular consequences of excessive glucose excursions. Additionally, carbohydrate-restriction has been shown to improve body composition and blood lipids...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058111/the-effects-of-muscle-blood-flow-restriction-during-running-training-on-measures-of-aerobic-capacity-and-run-time-to-exhaustion
#18
Carl D Paton, Shalako M Addis, Lee-Anne Taylor
PURPOSE: Training with blood flow restriction (BFR) is known to enhance muscle mass and strength during resistance training activities. However, little is known about the BFR effects during aerobic training. This investigation examines the effects of running training performed with or without BFR on physiology and performance. METHOD: Sixteen subjects (age 24.9 ± 6.9 years, height 172.9 ± 7.8 cm, weight 75.1 ± 13.8 kg) were assigned to a BFR or control (CON) group for eight sessions of training...
December 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049889/early-metabolic-response-after-resistance-exercise-with-blood-flow-restriction-in-well-trained-men-a-metabolomics-approach
#19
Denis F Valério, Ricardo Berton, Miguel S Conceição, Rafael R Canevarolo, Mara Patrícia T Chacon-Mikahil, Cláudia R Cavaglieri, Gabriela V Meirelles, Ana C Zeri, Cleiton A Libardi
The present study aimed to compare the early metabolic response between high-load resistance exercise (HL-RE) and low-load resistance exercise with blood flow restriction (LL-BFR). Nine young well-trained men participated in a randomized crossover design in which each subject completed LL-BFR, HL-RE or condition control (no exercise) with a one-week interval between them. Blood samples were taken immediately before and five minutes after the exercise sessions. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy identified and quantified 48 metabolites, six of which presented significant changes among the exercise protocols...
October 19, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043659/magnitude-of-muscle-strength-and-mass-adaptations-between-high-load-resistance-training-versus-low-load-resistance-training-associated-with-blood-flow-restriction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Manoel E Lixandrão, Carlos Ugrinowitsch, Ricardo Berton, Felipe C Vechin, Miguel S Conceição, Felipe Damas, Cleiton A Libardi, Hamilton Roschel
BACKGROUND: Low-load resistance training (< 50% of one-repetition maximum [1RM]) associated with blood-flow restriction (BFR-RT) has been thought to promote increases in muscle strength and mass. However, it remains unclear if the magnitude of these adaptations is similar to conventional high-load resistance training (> 65% 1RM; HL-RT). OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of HL- versus BFR-RT on muscle adaptations using a systematic review and meta-analysis procedure...
October 17, 2017: Sports Medicine
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