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Surgery pharmacotherapy

Václav Hána
Acromegaly is a rare disease caused by overproduction of growth hormone, which significantly worsens quality of life and increases morbidity and mortality of patients. Modern specialized surgery, radiosurgery, radiotherapy and pharmacotherapy substantially improved therapeutical possibilities and the perspective of patients. Current thera-peutic modalities enable to create individually tailored therapy for the specific patient and suppress the acromegalic activity. Novel forms of currently used active substances and even conceptually new forms of pharmacotherapy are under preparation and testing (eg...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Memmet Mihmanli, Ufuk Oguz Idiz, Cemal Kaya, Uygar Demir, Ozgur Bostanci, Sinan Omeroglu, Emre Bozkurt
Echinococcus granulosus (E. granulosus) and Echinococcus multilocularis (E. multilocularis) infections are the most common parasitic diseases that affect the liver. The disease course is typically slow and the patients tend to remain asymptomatic for many years. Often the diagnosis is incidental. Right upper quadrant abdominal pain, hepatitis, cholangitis, and anaphylaxis due to dissemination of the cyst are the main presenting symptoms. Ultrasonography is important in diagnosis. The World Health Organization classification, based on ultrasonographic findings, is used for staging of the disease and treatment selection...
October 8, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
Michio Kimura
 The present study was conducted to establish pharmaceutical intervention guidelines to enable hospital pharmacists to provide optimal pharmacotherapy to cancer patients. Many patients who use oral anticancer agents showed favorable drug compliance but insufficient drug adherence. It was demonstrated that in order to improve drug adherence, it is important to conduct interventions tailored to the patients' conditions so as to encourage interest in their medications, as well as to gain their understanding on the necessity and the side effects of their medications...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Christine Petrin, Scott Kahan, M Turner, C Gallagher, W H Dietz
INTRODUCTION: Rates of obesity pharmacotherapy use, bariatric surgery and intensive behavioural counselling have been extremely low. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to survey healthcare provider beliefs, practice and knowledge regarding obesity management. METHODS: Primary care physicians (PCPs), OB-GYN physicians and nurse practitioners (NPs) responded to a web-based survey related to drug therapy practice, bariatric surgery referral and reimbursement coding practice...
September 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
María H Berrocal, Luis A Acaba, Alexandra Acaba
New modalities for the treatment of diabetic eye complications have emerged in the past decade. Nevertheless, many severe diabetic retinopathy complications can only be treated with vitreoretinal surgery. Technological advances in pars plana vitrectomy have expanded the gamut of pathologies that can be successfully treated with surgery. The most common pathologies managed surgically include vitreous opacities and traction retinal detachment. The indications, surgical objectives, adjunctive pharmacotherapy, microincisional surgical techniques, and outcomes of diabetic vitrectomy for proliferative diabetic retinopathy and diabetic tractional retinal detachment will be discussed...
October 2016: Current Diabetes Reports
Jia-Wei Zheng, Xu-Kai Wang, Zhong-Ping Qin, Xin-Dong Fan, Kai Li, Yao-Wu Yang, Ran Huo, Shao-Hua Liu, Ji-Hong Zhao, Xiao-Yong Wang, De-Kai Zhou
Infantile hemangioma (IH) is one of the most common benign vascular tumors in children. A variety of treatment methods have been documented for the management of IH over the past years, including pharmacotherapy via oral administration or injection of corticosteroids, vincristine, alpha interferon and bleomycin; laser therapy, radionuclide therapy, cryotherapy and excisional surgery. The therapeutic efficacy of each treatment modality is variable, while adverse effects or complications are common and sometimes serious...
June 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
Roland Goldbrunner, Giuseppe Minniti, Matthias Preusser, Michael D Jenkinson, Kita Sallabanda, Emmanuel Houdart, Andreas von Deimling, Pantelis Stavrinou, Florence Lefranc, Morten Lund-Johansen, Elizabeth Cohen-Jonathan Moyal, Dieta Brandsma, Roger Henriksson, Riccardo Soffietti, Michael Weller
Although meningiomas are the most common intracranial tumours, the level of evidence to provide recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of meningiomas is low compared with other tumours such as high-grade gliomas. The meningioma task force of the European Association of Neuro-Oncology (EANO) assessed the scientific literature and composed a framework of the best possible evidence-based recommendations for health professionals. The provisional diagnosis of meningioma is mainly made by MRI. Definitive diagnosis, including histological classification, grading, and molecular profiling, requires a surgical procedure to obtain tumour tissue...
September 2016: Lancet Oncology
Nobuyasu Kurihara, Hajime Saito, Hiroshi Nanjo, Hayato Konno, Maiko Atari, Yoshitaro Saito, Satoshi Fujishima, Komei Kameyama, Yoshihiro Minamiya
INTRODUCTION: Myasthenia gravis (MG) has been reported to correlate with earlier-stage thymoma, and theoretically does not accompany thymic carcinoma. However, we encountered two cases of thymic carcinoma with MG. PRESENTATION OF CASES: Case 1 involved a 54-year-old man who had been diagnosed with MG based on symptoms and detection of anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody (ARAB). Computed tomography (CT) revealed an anterior mediastinal tumor 30mm in diameter. Prednisolone (PSL) and tacrolimus were administered without surgery at that time...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ekin Şavk
Neurologic itch is defined as pruritus resulting from any dysfunction of the nervous system. Itch arising due to a neuroanatomic pathology is seen to be neuropathic. Causes of neuropathic itch range from localized entrapment of a peripheral nerve to generalized degeneration of small nerve fibers. Antipruritic medications commonly used for other types of itch such as antihistamines and corticosteroids lack efficacy in neuropathic itch. Currently there are no therapeutic options that offer relief in all types of neuropathic pruritus, and treatment strategies vary according to etiology...
2016: Current Problems in Dermatology
Alexis M Tran, Peter K Sand, Miriam J Seitz, Adam Gafni-Kane, Ying Zhou, Sylvia M Botros
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We compared persistence on overactive bladder (OAB) pharmacotherapy in patients treated in the Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery (FPMRS) department compared with patients treated in the Internal Medicine (IM) and General Urology (GU) departments within an integrated health-care system. We hypothesized that persistence would be higher among FPMRS patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. Patients with at least one prescription for OAB between January 2003 and July 2014 were identified...
August 18, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Adam H Balen, Lara C Morley, Marie Misso, Stephen Franks, Richard S Legro, Chandrika N Wijeyaratne, Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Bart C J M Fauser, Robert J Norman, Helena Teede
BACKGROUND: Here we describe the consensus guideline methodology, summarise the evidence-based recommendations we provided to the World Health Organisation (WHO) for their consideration in the development of global guidance and present a narrative review on the management of anovulatory infertility in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: The aim of this paper was to present an evidence base for the management of anovulatory PCOS...
August 10, 2016: Human Reproduction Update
Tomonori Sugiura, Yasuaki Dohi, Sumiyo Yamashita, Shunsuke Murai, Nobuyuki Ohte
BACKGROUND: Aortic thrombosis is a rare disease and only a few cases of the disease, especially associated with chemotherapy for malignant diseases and/or blood diseases, have been previously reported. Although Virchow's triad for thrombogenesis, namely hypercoagulability, blood flow stasis, and vessel wall injury, is the major factor promoting the formation of thrombosis, the detailed mechanism of the disease has not been well established. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of aortic thrombosis incidentally detected by computed tomography and then regressed by pharmacotherapy using warfarin...
2016: Thrombosis Journal
Ram Prakash Narayanan, Akheel A Syed
Bariatric surgery is most commonly carried out in women of childbearing age. Whilst fertility rates are improved, pregnancy following bariatric surgery poses several challenges. Whilst rates of many adverse maternal and foetal outcomes in obese women are reduced after bariatric surgery, pregnancy is best avoided for 12-24 months to reduce the potential risk of intrauterine growth retardation. Dumping syndromes are common after bariatric surgery and can present diagnostic and therapeutic challenges in pregnancy...
October 2016: Obesity Surgery
Marek Łyp, Ryszard Kaczor, Anna Cabak, Piotr Tederko, Ewa Włostowska, Iwona Stanisławska, Jan Szypuła, Wiesław Tomaszewski
BACKGROUND Pain associated with coxarthrosis, typically occurring in middle-aged and elderly patients, very commonly causes considerable limitation of motor fitness and dependence on pharmacotherapy. This article provides an assessment of a rehabilitation program with tailored water exercises in patients with osteoarthritis before and after total hip replacement. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 192 patients (the mean age 61.03±10.89) suffering from hip osteoarthritis (OA) were evaluated before and after total hip replacement (THR)...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Francis G Fowkes, Rachel Forster, Carol E Levin, Nadraj G Naidoo, Ambuj Roy, Chang Shu, John Spertus, Kun Fang, Luis Bechara-Zamudio, Mariella Catalano, Adriana Visona, Sigrid Nikol, John P Fletcher, Michael R Jaff, William R Hiatt, Lars Norgren
Lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) is increasing in prevalence in low- and middle-income countries creating a large health care burden. Clinical management may require substantial resources but little consideration has been given to which treatments are appropriate for less advantaged countries. The aim of this review was to systematically appraise published data on the costs and effectiveness of PAD treatments used commonly in high-income countries, and for an international consensus panel to review that information and propose a hierarchy of treatments relevant to low- and middle-income countries...
July 7, 2016: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
Brady S Moffett, Timothy J Humlicek, Joseph W Rossano, Jack F Price, Antonio G Cabrera
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of inpatient 30-day readmission for heart failure in children with cardiomyopathy discharged after an admission for heart failure and the impact of discharge pharmacotherapy on readmissions. STUDY DESIGN: The Pediatric Health Information System Database was queried for patients ≤18 years of age with an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision code for heart failure (428.xx) or cardiomyopathy (425.xx) discharged from 2004 to 2013...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Sylwia Dębska-Szmich, Magdalena Krakowska, Urszula Czernek, Maja Habib-Lisik, Agnieszka Zięba, Piotr Potemski
The goal of preoperative pharmacotherapy in patients with breast cancer is to enable breast conserving surgery in stage T3N0-1M0 or radical mastectomy in patients with primary inoperative tumors (T1-4N0-3M0). The choice of optimal treatment should be based not only on risk factors resulting from the stage but also on predicted cancer responsiveness to the treatment. The breast cancer subtypes defined by immunohistochemical profile (expression of ER, PR, HER2 and Ki67) are characterized by different responsiveness to therapy...
2016: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
Scott Kahan
Comprehensive lifestyle interventions, including nutrition, physical activity, and behavioral therapy, are the foundation for clinical obesity management. New tools and treatment approaches help clinicians provide these interventions and support weight management in the primary care setting. Escalating treatment, such as using pharmacotherapy, medical devices, or bariatric surgery, are important considerations for appropriate patients who do not respond to lifestyle counseling. This article provides a review of obesity treatment in primary care and managed care settings...
June 2016: American Journal of Managed Care
Christopher M Bland, April Miller Quidley, Bryan L Love, Catherine Yeager, Bliss McMichael, P Brandon Bookstaver
PURPOSE: Pharmacists' role in optimizing long-term pharmacotherapy for bariatric surgery patients is detailed. SUMMARY: Bariatric surgery patients provide a difficult challenge in terms of many pharmacotherapy issues, especially in the chronic care setting, where data on long-term effects of bariatric surgery are limited. The most common procedures are Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), adjustable gastric banding, and sleeve gastrectomy. Sleeve gastrectomy has become the most common procedure in the United States, primarily because it has less overall chronic malabsorption effects than RYGB...
August 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Natalia Bożena Zawada, Jolanta Kunert-Radek, Marek Pawlikowski, Hanna Pisarek, Maciej Radek
INTRODUCTION: Non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPA) are often diagnosed late as invasive macroadenomas. The surgical resection is usually incomplete and about 50% of patients require additional surgery. Recent data suggest that somatostatin analogues (SSA), so important in the pharmacotherapy of acromegaly, can also be effective in the management of NFPA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analysed data of patients who had been treated up to 10 years previously with SSA: 40 with acromegaly (23 - primary, 17 - recurrent tumours) and 22 with NFPA (4 - primary, 18 - recurrent tumours)...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
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