keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surgery pharmacotherapy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921423/-bariatric-surgeries-at-diabetic-patients
#1
Martin Haluzík
A worldwide increase in the prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus along with accompanying chronic, in particular cardiovascular, complications represents one of the leading challenges of current medicine. Despite major advances in diabetes pharmacotherapy, bariatric surgery remains the most effective treatment of diabetes. It not only markedly decreases body weight and improves glucose control but also induces diabetes remission in a significant percentage of patients. According to current recommendations, bariatric surgery is indicated in patients with 3rd degree obesity (even without any complications) or with 2nd degree obesity with complications (e...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914795/insulin-use-adipokine-profiles-and-breast-cancer-prognosis
#2
Zachary A P Wintrob, Jeffrey P Hammel, Thaer Khoury, George K Nimako, Hsin-Wei Fu, Zahra S Fayazi, Dan P Gaile, Alan Forrest, Alice C Ceacareanu
BACKGROUND: Type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and breast cancer (BC) share common cytokine signaling changes resultant from adipose tissue dysfunction. This modified adipokine signaling was shown to be directly associated with changes in the body mass index (BMI) and diet and it is expected to also be influenced by T2DM pharmacotherapy. We evaluated the relationship between pre-existing diabetes treatment, circulating adipokine levels at cancer diagnosis, and long-term outcomes. METHODS: All incident BC cases were reviewed (01/01/2003-12/31/2009, N=2194)...
November 30, 2016: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913259/-postoperative-delayed-paradoxical-depression-pdpd-after-uncomplicated-intracranial-aneurysm-surgery
#3
Tomas Garzon-Muvdi, Wuyang Yang, Andrew S Luksik, Alejandro Ruiz-Valls, Rafael John Tamargo, Justin Caplan, Rafael J Tamargo
BACKGROUND: Postoperative delayed paradoxical depression (PDPD) is a psychiatric condition described in patients who undergo a major surgery without complications, do not have a history of mood disorders, but nevertheless become clinically depressed. PDPD has been recognized in major surgical interventions such as coronary artery bypass surgery. We sought to determine the incidence and potential factors associated with PDPD after surgical treatment of intracranial aneurysms. METHODS: The cohort of 105 patients was derived from a prospective observational dataset of 3788 consecutive cases of intracranial aneurysms accrued from 1991-2015...
November 29, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908374/effect-of-lichen-sclerosis-on-success-of-urethroplasty
#4
REVIEW
Michael A Granieri, Andrew C Peterson, Ramiro J Madden-Fuentes
Lichen sclerosis (LS) is a chronic, relapsing disease with a variable presentation. In men, genitourinary LS may affect the penile foreskin, glans, meatus, and urethra. Treatment is multifaceted, ranging from pharmacotherapy to surgery. Urethral reconstruction due to stricture disease from LS is frequently plagued by a high recurrence rate. At the authors' institution, the high recurrence rate has shifted their practice toward potent steroids and minimally invasive surgical techniques. Management of recurrence includes dilation, meatotomy/meatoplasty, 1-stage and 2-stage repairs...
February 2017: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903153/management-of-obesity
#5
Naji Alamuddin, Zayna Bakizada, Thomas A Wadden
This review examines weight loss and accompanying improvements in obesity-related comorbidities produced by intensive lifestyle intervention, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery. Obese individuals lose approximately 6 to 8 kg (approximately 6% to 8% of initial weight) with 6 months of participation in a high-intensity lifestyle intervention (≥ 14 treatment visits) consisting of diet, physical activity, and behavior therapy. Such losses reduce progression to type 2 diabetes in at-risk people and decrease blood pressure and triglyceride levels...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900863/-symptomatic-and-asymptomatic-primary-hyperparathyroidism-in-outpatient-care-current-issues
#6
Helena Šiprová, Miroslav Souček, Zdeněk Fryšák, Květoslav Šipr
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic and therapeutic options in the care of patients with primary hyperparathyreosis in outpatient practice.Cohort and methods: The study included all the patients with primary hyperparathyroidism treated at the 2nd Internal Medicine Department, Masaryk University and the University Hospital of St. Anne in Brno in the period from Jan 1, 2008 to Dec 31, 2013. The sample consisted of 218 patients, including 41 men and 177 women. Patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism, especially patients with underlying hypovitaminosis D, renal insufficiency and those taking medications with possible effects on parathyroid hormone levels, have not been included in the study...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891388/desmoid-tumours-in-familial-adenomatous-polyposis-review-of-17-patients-from-a-portuguese-tertiary-center
#7
Marco Santos, Anabela Rocha, Vilma Martins, Marisa Santos
INTRODUCTION: Desmoid Tumours (DT) are benign tumours with an estimated incidence of 2-4 per million per year. Between 7-16% of them are associated with Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) and are mostly parietal or intra-abdominal. They are a challenge in relation to their unpredictable natural course, associated complications and difficult treatment. AIM: The aim of the present study was to review the occurrence, management and follow-up of DT on FAP patients treated consecutively at a tertiary care center...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876738/-treatment-with-the-use-of-microcurrent-lymphatic-drainage-physiotherapy-during-the-postoperative-period-following-rhinoplastic-surgery
#8
T A Aleksanyan, E V Kazantsev
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the combined treatment of the patients who had undergone either primary or secondary rhinoplastic surgery with the use of photo- and magnetic therapy in comparison with the effectiveness of phototherapy in the combination with microcurrent therapy. The patients were divided into four groups depending on the type of the surgical intervention and the mode of the combined physiotherapeutic treatment. All the patients were given combined physiotherapeutic treatment in addition to the standard pharmacotherapy starting from the second day of the postoperative period...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855460/-diagnosis-and-current-therapy-of-vestibular-syndromes
#9
Michael Strupp, Thomas Brandt
Vertigo and dizziness are with an annual incidence of more than 10% and a lifetime prevalence of more than 30% among the most frequent symptoms. The keys to the diagnosis are the patient history and the bedside examination: a) for the patient history the time course, type and triggers of symptoms and accompanying symptoms, b) for the clinical examination of the vestibular system the head-impulse test (HIT), the examination for a spontaneous nystagmus, a displacement of subjective visual vertical, a positional nystagmus and the Romberg test, and c) for the differentiation between an acute peripheral and central vestibular lesion the skew deviation, central fixation nystagmus, gaze-evoked nystagmus, saccadic smooth pursuit and a normal HIT...
November 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847635/intralesional-antibiotic-injection-using-41g-needle-for-the-management-of-subretinal-abscess-in-endogenous-endophthalmitis
#10
Pradeep Venkatesh, Shreys Temkar, Koushik Tripathy, Rohan Chawla
BACKGROUND: Presence of subretinal abscess in endogenous endophthalmitis indicates a more severe form of infection. Available reports indicate variable response to standard treatment with systemic, intravitreal pharmacotherapy and vitreous surgery. There are no reports citing the possible role of intralesional antibiotic therapy in managing subretinal abscess. CASE PRESENTATION: A 30 year old lady presented with features of endogenous endophthalmitis and subretinal abscess...
2016: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829330/diabetes-and-nutritional-screening-in-post-bariatric-patients
#11
Maria E Pena, Trisha B Newaz
With the rise of obesity there has been a concomitant increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). As a result, the term "diabesity" has become a popular disease entity in the past several years. When lifestyle modification and pharmacotherapy fail to achieve successful weight loss and diabetes control, bariatric surgery is a recommended treatment option. Bariatric surgery has been shown to promote sustained T2DM remission in 30-63% of patients and improve other components of metabolic syndrome; thus a preferred term has been "metabolic surgery"...
November 7, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814622/interventions-in-parkinson-s-disease-role-of-executive-function
#12
Abhimanyu Mahajan, Jennifer A Deal, Michelle Carlson
The cortico-striatal network plays a major role in executive functions (EF), and is believed to play a role in the pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the tools to assess EF are limited. This review assesses the impact of all PD interventions, namely, pharmacotherapy, physical exercise and Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) surgery on EF. The effect of PD pharmacotherapy varies with the drug class, neuropsychological test used and the affected dopamine receptor family. There appears to be a benefit of aerobic exercise on EF, including judgment and attention...
January 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734694/-current-and-future-therapy-of-acromegaly
#13
Václav Hána
Acromegaly is a rare disease caused by overproduction of growth hormone, which significantly worsens quality of life and increases morbidity and mortality of patients. Modern specialized surgery, radiosurgery, radiotherapy and pharmacotherapy substantially improved therapeutical possibilities and the perspective of patients. Current thera-peutic modalities enable to create individually tailored therapy for the specific patient and suppress the acromegalic activity. Novel forms of currently used active substances and even conceptually new forms of pharmacotherapy are under preparation and testing (eg...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729953/current-status-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hepatic-echinococcosis
#14
Memmet Mihmanli, Ufuk Oguz Idiz, Cemal Kaya, Uygar Demir, Ozgur Bostanci, Sinan Omeroglu, Emre Bozkurt
Echinococcus granulosus (E. granulosus) and Echinococcus multilocularis (E. multilocularis) infections are the most common parasitic diseases that affect the liver. The disease course is typically slow and the patients tend to remain asymptomatic for many years. Often the diagnosis is incidental. Right upper quadrant abdominal pain, hepatitis, cholangitis, and anaphylaxis due to dissemination of the cyst are the main presenting symptoms. Ultrasonography is important in diagnosis. The World Health Organization classification, based on ultrasonographic findings, is used for staging of the disease and treatment selection...
October 8, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725387/investigation-into-the-establishment-of-indicators-for-pharmaceutical-intervention-in-cancer-pharmacotherapy
#15
Michio Kimura
 The present study was conducted to establish pharmaceutical intervention guidelines to enable hospital pharmacists to provide optimal pharmacotherapy to cancer patients. Many patients who use oral anticancer agents showed favorable drug compliance but insufficient drug adherence. It was demonstrated that in order to improve drug adherence, it is important to conduct interventions tailored to the patients' conditions so as to encourage interest in their medications, as well as to gain their understanding on the necessity and the side effects of their medications...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708843/current-practices-of-obesity-pharmacotherapy-bariatric-surgery-referral-and-coding-for-counselling-by-healthcare-professionals
#16
Christine Petrin, Scott Kahan, M Turner, C Gallagher, W H Dietz
INTRODUCTION: Rates of obesity pharmacotherapy use, bariatric surgery and intensive behavioural counselling have been extremely low. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to survey healthcare provider beliefs, practice and knowledge regarding obesity management. METHODS: Primary care physicians (PCPs), OB-GYN physicians and nurse practitioners (NPs) responded to a web-based survey related to drug therapy practice, bariatric surgery referral and reimbursement coding practice...
September 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612846/surgery-for-diabetic-eye-complications
#17
REVIEW
María H Berrocal, Luis A Acaba, Alexandra Acaba
New modalities for the treatment of diabetic eye complications have emerged in the past decade. Nevertheless, many severe diabetic retinopathy complications can only be treated with vitreoretinal surgery. Technological advances in pars plana vitrectomy have expanded the gamut of pathologies that can be successfully treated with surgery. The most common pathologies managed surgically include vitreous opacities and traction retinal detachment. The indications, surgical objectives, adjunctive pharmacotherapy, microincisional surgical techniques, and outcomes of diabetic vitrectomy for proliferative diabetic retinopathy and diabetic tractional retinal detachment will be discussed...
October 2016: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609372/-chinese-experts-consensus-on-the-use-of-oral-propranolol-for-treatment-of-infantile-hemangiomas
#18
Jia-Wei Zheng, Xu-Kai Wang, Zhong-Ping Qin, Xin-Dong Fan, Kai Li, Yao-Wu Yang, Ran Huo, Shao-Hua Liu, Ji-Hong Zhao, Xiao-Yong Wang, De-Kai Zhou
Infantile hemangioma (IH) is one of the most common benign vascular tumors in children. A variety of treatment methods have been documented for the management of IH over the past years, including pharmacotherapy via oral administration or injection of corticosteroids, vincristine, alpha interferon and bleomycin; laser therapy, radionuclide therapy, cryotherapy and excisional surgery. The therapeutic efficacy of each treatment modality is variable, while adverse effects or complications are common and sometimes serious...
June 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599143/eano-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-meningiomas
#19
REVIEW
Roland Goldbrunner, Giuseppe Minniti, Matthias Preusser, Michael D Jenkinson, Kita Sallabanda, Emmanuel Houdart, Andreas von Deimling, Pantelis Stavrinou, Florence Lefranc, Morten Lund-Johansen, Elizabeth Cohen-Jonathan Moyal, Dieta Brandsma, Roger Henriksson, Riccardo Soffietti, Michael Weller
Although meningiomas are the most common intracranial tumours, the level of evidence to provide recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of meningiomas is low compared with other tumours such as high-grade gliomas. The meningioma task force of the European Association of Neuro-Oncology (EANO) assessed the scientific literature and composed a framework of the best possible evidence-based recommendations for health professionals. The provisional diagnosis of meningioma is mainly made by MRI. Definitive diagnosis, including histological classification, grading, and molecular profiling, requires a surgical procedure to obtain tumour tissue...
September 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591911/thymic-carcinoma-with-myasthenia-gravis-two-case-reports
#20
Nobuyasu Kurihara, Hajime Saito, Hiroshi Nanjo, Hayato Konno, Maiko Atari, Yoshitaro Saito, Satoshi Fujishima, Komei Kameyama, Yoshihiro Minamiya
INTRODUCTION: Myasthenia gravis (MG) has been reported to correlate with earlier-stage thymoma, and theoretically does not accompany thymic carcinoma. However, we encountered two cases of thymic carcinoma with MG. PRESENTATION OF CASES: Case 1 involved a 54-year-old man who had been diagnosed with MG based on symptoms and detection of anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody (ARAB). Computed tomography (CT) revealed an anterior mediastinal tumor 30mm in diameter. Prednisolone (PSL) and tacrolimus were administered without surgery at that time...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
keyword
keyword
100945
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"