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Broad Minded Affective Coping

Natasha Holden, James Kelly, Mary Welford, Peter J Taylor
OBJECTIVES: It has been suggested that savouring positive memories can generate positive emotions. Increasing positive emotion can have a range of benefits including reducing attention to and experiences of threat. This study investigated individuals' emotional reactions to a guided mental imagery task focussing on positive social memory called the 'social Broad Minded Affective Coping (BMAC)' technique. The study examined possible predictors of individuals' responses to this intervention...
April 20, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
M Panagioti, P A Gooding, N Tarrier
The broaden-and-build theory postulates that positive emotions broaden people's cognitions and actions, and facilitate the building of personal and social resources which enhance resilience in a range of clinical populations. The Broad-Minded Affective Coping procedure (BMAC) is a recently developed clinical technique which utilizes the recall of positive autobiographical memories and mental imagery to elicit positive affect. This study aims to investigate the ability of the BMAC to boost mood among 50 individuals diagnosed currently (n = 31) or previously (n = 19) with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)...
October 2012: Behaviour Research and Therapy
G Terence Wilson
The two specialty psychological therapies of CBT and IPT remain the treatments of choice for the full range of BED patients, particularly those with high levels of specific eating disorder psychopathology such as overvaluation of body shape and weight. They produce the greatest degree of remission from binge eating as well as improvement in specific eating disorder psychopathology and associated general psychopathology such as depression. The CBT protocol evaluated in the research summarized above was the original manual from Fairburn and colleagues...
December 2011: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Andrea B Burns, Jessica S Brown, Natalie Sachs-Ericsson, E Ashby Plant, J Thomas Curtis, Barbara L Fredrickson, Thomas E Joiner
The broaden-and-build theory (Fredrickson, 1998, 2001) predicts that positive emotions broaden the scopes of attention and cognition, thereby facilitating the building of personal resources and initiating upward spirals toward increasing emotional well-being. This study attempts to replicate and extend previous empirical support for this model. Using a sample of 185 undergraduates, we assessed whether positive affect and broad-minded coping, interpersonal trust, and social support reciprocally and prospectively predict one another over a two-month period, and whether this upward spiral might be partially based in changes in dopaminergic functioning...
January 2008: Personality and Individual Differences
Paul Grossman, Ludger Niemann, Stefan Schmidt, Harald Walach
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is a structured group program that employs mindfulness meditation to alleviate suffering associated with physical, psychosomatic and psychiatric disorders. The program, nonreligious and nonesoteric, is based upon a systematic procedure to develop enhanced awareness of moment-to-moment experience of perceptible mental processes. The approach assumes that greater awareness will provide more veridical perception, reduce negative affect and improve vitality and coping...
July 2004: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Barbara L Fredrickson, Thomas Joiner
The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions predicts that positive emotions broaden the scopes of attention and cognition, and, by consequence, initiate upward spirals toward increasing emotional well-being. The present study assessed this prediction by testing whether positive affect and broad-minded coping reciprocally and prospectively predict one another. One hundred thirty-eight college students completed self-report measures of affect and coping at two assessment periods 5 weeks apart. As hypothesized, regression analyses showed that initial positive affect, but not negative affect, predicted improved broad-minded coping, and initial broad-minded coping predicted increased positive affect, but not reductions in negative affect...
March 2002: Psychological Science
J Kokkonen, P Lautala, P Salmela
Childhood diabetes is most common in Nordic countries and its incidence is rising. In order to evaluate the efficacy of health care follow-up units we investigated physical and psychosocial health status, mode of coping with adult health care and medical treatment in 82 young adults (46 males, 36 females, average age 20.9 yr. and average disease duration 12.7 yr.) who had had diabetes since childhood. All but three of them made regular visits to a health care facility but only 27% monitored blood glucose reasonably well...
July 1997: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
D Spiegel, R Moore
Many patients with cancer often seek some means of connecting their mental activity with the unwelcome events occurring in their bodies, via techniques such as imagery and hypnosis. Hypnosis has been shown to be an effective method for controlling cancer pain. The techniques most often employed involve physical relaxation coupled with imagery that provides a substitute focus of attention for the painful sensation. Other related imagery techniques, such as guided imagery, involve attention to internally generated mental images without the formal use of hypnosis...
August 1997: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
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