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anaesthesia joint arthroplasty

Jennifer R Matos, Julie R McSwain, Bethany J Wolf, J Wesley Doty, Sylvia H Wilson
PURPOSE: Peri-operative hypothermia is associated with increased blood loss, delayed wound healing, and surgical site infections. However, it is not known when or how rapidly hypothermia develops during arthroplasty. This study observed patients undergoing lower extremity arthroplasty to identify the times of greatest heat loss or gain. METHODS: This single-institution prospective observational study enrolled 120 patients undergoing elective knee or hip arthroplasty for peri-operative temporal temperature measurements at ten prespecified intervals...
May 11, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Tadashi Tsukeoka, Yoshikazu Tsuneizumi
PURPOSE: Although soft tissue balancing is considered important for successful total knee arthroplasty (TKA), it is unclear whether the laxity and balance achieved intraoperatively change postoperatively. A recent study demonstrated anaesthesia significantly influenced knee joint laxity after TKA; however, there has been no comparison of the varus-valgus laxity immediately after TKA and in the postoperative period under the same anesthetic conditions. Therefore, quantitative stress arthrometric studies were conducted under identical conditions to identify changes in coronal ligament laxity after TKA spontaneously...
May 4, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Karthikeyan Kallidaikurichi Srinivasan, Anne-Marie Leo, Gabriella Iohom, Frank Loughnane, Peter J Lee
Background and Aims: Routine use of pre-procedural ultrasound guided midline approach has not shown to improve success rate in administering subarachnoid block. The study hypothesis was that the routine use of pre-procedural (not real time) ultrasound-guided paramedian spinals at L5-S1 interspace could reduce the number of passes (i.e., withdrawal and redirection of spinal needle without exiting the skin) required to enter the subarachnoid space when compared to the conventional landmark-guided midline approach...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
L Cáceres-Sánchez, J B García-Benítez, V Coronado-Hijón, M Montero-Pariente
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the efficacy in post-operative pain control of the intraarticular catheter compared to the epidural catheter after primary total knee arthroplasty. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Randomised clinical trial consisting of two groups of patients. A control group with intradural anaesthesia and an intraoperative epidural catheter (ropivacaine) and an intervention group using the same anaesthetic technique and an intraarticular catheter with an elastomeric pump (ropivacaine+dexketoprofen)...
January 2018: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
Madhavan C Papanna, Ryad Chebbout, Simon Buckley, Ian Stockley, Andrew Hamer
INTRODUCTION: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is performed as a 2-stage or single stage procedure in patients with a history of septic arthritis of the native hip joint. The decision is based on whether the infection is active or quiescent in the joint. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of total hip arthroplasty for septic arthritis of the native hip to a control series of patients treated for primary osteoarthritis of the hip with standard THA. METHODS: Between March 2000 and March 2013, 18 cases of septic arthritis of the hip treated with THA were retrospectively identified...
January 2018: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
A S Galbraith, E McGloughlin, J Cashman
BACKGROUND: During recent years, there has been an exponential demand for joint arthroplasty, which has coincided with the global economic recession. In response, the management of patients following arthroplasty is continuously evolving, with the average inpatient length of stay decreasing from weeks to days, and more recently, we have witnessed the development of "outpatient arthroplasty" as a novel concept which aims to address the high volume of patients. The reduction in length of stay has been made possible via implementation of "enhanced recovery programmes" encompassing each stage of the patient journey...
February 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
P Pinsornsak, S Nangnual, K Boontanapibul
AIMS: Multimodal infiltration of local anaesthetic provides effective control of pain in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). There is little information about the added benefits of posterior capsular infiltration (PCI) using different combinations of local anaesthetic agents. Our aim was to investigate the effectiveness of the control of pain using multimodal infiltration with and without infiltration of the posterior capsule of the knee. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a double-blind, randomised controlled trial of patients scheduled for unilateral primary TKA, 86 were assigned to be treated with multimodal infiltration with (Group I) or without (Group II) PCI...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
J W Nadler, J L Evans, E Fang, X A Preud'Homme, R L Daughtry, J B Chapman, M P Bolognesi, D E Attarian, S S Wellman, A D Krystal
Previous pilot work has established an association between obstructive sleep apnoea and the development of acute postoperative delirium , but it remains unclear to what extent this risk factor is modifiable in the 'real world' peri-operative setting. In a single-blind randomised controlled trial, 135 elderly surgical patients at risk for obstructive sleep apnoea were randomly assigned to receive peri-operative continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or routine care. Of the 114 patients who completed the study, 21 (18...
March 2, 2017: Anaesthesia
Matthias D Wimmer, Milena M Ploeger, Max J Friedrich, Thomas Hügle, Sascha Gravius, Thomas M Randau
BACKGROUND: Histopathological tissue analysis is a key parameter within the diagnostic algorithm for suspected periprosthetic joint infections (PJIs), conventionally acquired in open surgery. In 2014, Hügle and co-workers introduced novel retrograde forceps for retrograde synovial biopsy with simultaneous fluid aspiration of the knee joint. We hypothesised that tissue samples acquired by retrograde synovial biopsy are equal to intra-operatively acquired deep representative tissue samples regarding bacterial detection and differentiation of periprosthetic infectious membranes...
July 2017: International Orthopaedics
Z C Lum, A V Lombardi, J M Hurst, M J Morris, J B Adams, K R Berend
AIMS: Since redesign of the Oxford phase III mobile-bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) femoral component to a twin-peg design, there has not been a direct comparison to total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Thus, we explored differences between the two cohorts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 168 patients (201 knees) underwent medial UKA with the Oxford Partial Knee Twin-Peg. These patients were compared with a randomly selected group of 177 patients (189 knees) with primary Vanguard TKA...
October 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
A Rajeev, N Tumia, K Karn, S Kashyap, D Mayne
Pain control plays a key role in joint-replacement -surgery. As a surgeon the challenge is to reduce pain to an acceptable level in the post-operative period. The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of bolus -local anaesthesia, infusion in to the surgical site and nerve blocks with femoral nerve catheter and its functional outcome. A prospective audit of 114 patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty were carried out.The patients were divided in to three groups : Group 1 (n = 27) received a bolus injection of 20 ml 0...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
D A McDonald, A H Deakin, B M Ellis, Y Robb, T E Howe, A W G Kinninmonth, N B Scott
AIMS: This non-blinded randomised controlled trial compared the effect of patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) versus local infiltration analgesia (LIA) within an established enhanced recovery programme on the attainment of discharge criteria and recovery one year after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The hypothesis was that LIA would increase the proportion of patients discharged from rehabilitation by the fourth post-operative day but would not affect outcomes at one year. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 242 patients were randomised; 20 were excluded due to failure of spinal anaesthesia leaving 109 patients in the PCEA group and 113 in the LIA group...
September 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Tariq Siddique, Ranjit Kumar Sah, Faisal Masood, Syed Muhammad Awais
OBJECTIVE: To determine the improvement in Harris Hip Score after non-cemented total hip replacement in younger patients with secondary hip joint arthritis. METHODS: The quasi-experimental study was conducted at Unit I, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Mayo Hospital, Lahore, and comprised patients diagnosed clinically and radiologically as secondary hip joint arthritis from September 2009 to December 2014. Harris Hip Score was calculated pre-operatively...
November 2015: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
A González Della Valle, N Sharrock, M Barlow, L Caceres, G Go, E A Salvati
We describe our technique and rationale using hybrid fixation for primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) at the Hospital for Special Surgery. Modern uncemented acetabular components have few screw holes, or no holes, polished inner surfaces, improved locking mechanisms, and maximised thickness and shell-liner conformity. Uncemented sockets can be combined with highly cross-linked polyethylene liners, which have demonstrated very low wear and osteolysis rates after ten to 15 years of implantation. The results of cement fixation with a smooth or polished surface finished stem have been excellent, virtually eliminating complications seen with cementless fixation like peri-operative femoral fractures and thigh pain...
January 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
P M Hopkins
This review examines the recent evidence of an impact of regional anaesthesia on important clinical outcomes. Evidence was obtained from a variety of studies, with increasing numbers of analyses of large databases being prominent. The benefits and limitations of these approaches are considered in order to provide a context for interpretation of the data they generate. There should be little argument that correctly performed and appropriately used regional anaesthetic techniques can provide the most effective postoperative analgesia for the duration of the block, but the majority of studies suggest that this does not translate into improved longer-term surgical outcomes...
December 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
I Dzaja, E M Vasarhelyi, B A Lanting, D D Naudie, J L Howard, L Somerville, R W McCalden, S J MacDonald
The purpose of this study was to compare clinical outcomes of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) after manipulation under anaesthesia (MUA) for post-operative stiffness with a matched cohort of TKA patients who did not requre MUA. In total 72 patients (mean age 59.8 years, 42 to 83) who underwent MUA following TKA were identified from our prospective database and compared with a matched cohort of patients who had undergone TKA without subsequent MUA. Patients were evaluated for range of movement (ROM) and clinical outcome scores (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index, Short-Form Health Survey, and Knee Society Clinical Rating System) at a mean follow-up of 36...
December 2015: Bone & Joint Journal
Solveig K A Larsen, Ann Mai Østergaard, Torben B Hansen
BACKGROUND: The role of subluxation in staging of the severity of osteoarthritic changes remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of subluxation of symptomatic osteoarthritic trapeziometacarpal (TMC) joint regarding severity of symptoms, disability, and results of operative treatment in TMC osteoarthritis with total joint arthroplasty. METHODS: We included 172 hands in 137 patients (32 males and 105 females), mean age 59 years (44-74 years), with a combination of radiological signs of TMC osteoarthritis and clinical symptoms in the study...
December 2015: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Philip J Belmont, Gens P Goodman, Marina Rodriguez, Julia O Bader, Brian R Waterman, Andrew J Schoenfeld
PURPOSE: Hospital readmission is emerging as an important quality measure, yet modifiable predictors of readmission remain unknown. This study was designed to identify risk factors for readmission following revision total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program dataset was queried to identify patients undergoing revision total knee arthroplasty from 2011 to 2012. Patient demographics, medical co-morbidities, laboratory values, surgical characteristics and surgical outcomes were examined using bivariate and multivariate logistic regression to identify significant predictors for readmission within 30 days of discharge...
October 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Arthur Atchabahian, Gary Schwartz, Charles B Hall, Claudette M Lajam, Michael H Andreae
BACKGROUND: Regional analgesia is more effective than conventional analgesia for controlling pain and may facilitate rehabilitation after large joint replacement in the short term. It remains unclear if regional anaesthesia improves functional outcomes after joint replacement beyond three months after surgery. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of regional anaesthesia and analgesia on long-term functional outcomes 3, 6 and 12 months after elective major joint (knee, shoulder and hip) replacement surgery...
August 13, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Michael Perret, Philip Fletcher, Laura Firth, Piers Yates
BACKGROUND: The use of local infiltration analgesia in the setting of knee arthroplasty is well established. There are no studies to date which have directly compared differences in infiltration techniques. The purpose of this study is to establish if a difference in patient outcomes exists when the infiltrate is injected into the periarticular tissues or directly into the joint. METHODS: One hundred and forty-two consecutive patients waitlisted for primary total knee arthroplasty were enrolled after primary exclusion criteria were applied...
July 31, 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
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