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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937949/international-vision-care-issues-and-approaches
#1
Rohit C Khanna, Srinivas Marmamula, Gullapalli N Rao
Globally, 32.4 million individuals are blind and 191 million have moderate or severe visual impairment (MSVI); 80% of cases of blindness and MSVI are avoidable. However, great efforts are needed to tackle blindness and MSVI, as eye care in most places is delivered in isolation from and without significant integration with general health sectors. Success stories, including control of vitamin A deficiency, onchocerciasis, and trachoma, showed that global partnerships, multisectoral collaboration, public-private partnerships, corporate philanthropy, support from nongovernmental organizations-both local and international-and governments are responsible for the success of these programs...
September 15, 2017: Annual Review of Vision Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931377/the-rehabilitation-enhancing-aging-through-connected-health-reach-study-study-protocol-for-a-quasi-experimental-clinical-trial
#2
Meng Ni, Lorna G Brown, Danielle Lawler, Terry D Ellis, Tamara Deangelis, Nancy K Latham, Jennifer Perloff, Steve J Atlas, Sanja Percac-Lima, Jonathan F Bean
BACKGROUND: Mobility limitations among older adults increase the risk for disability and healthcare utilization. Rehabilitative care is identified as the most efficacious treatment for maintaining physical function. However, there is insufficient evidence identifying a healthcare model that targets prevention of mobility decline among older adults. The objective of this study is to evaluate the preliminary effectiveness of a physical therapy program, augmented with mobile tele-health technology, on mobility function and healthcare utilization among older adults...
September 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931103/-current-situation-of-palliative-care-in-hungary-integrated-palliative-care-model-as-a-breakout-possibility
#3
Gábor Benyó, Miklós Lukács, Csilla Busa, László Mangel, Ágnes Csikós
Modern palliative-hospice care has gained space in Europe for more than 50 years. Since the initial empirical work of Cicely Saunders, palliative medicine has gained its place in evidence-based medicine in more and more countries. However, development, as in many other medical fields, is not uniform, there are big differences between countries in the world. There are also significant differences in development of care and the level of services within the European Union amongst Western and Eastern European countries...
September 20, 2017: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929716/-developing-an-algorithm-based-on-health-and-social-sources-to-stratify-general-population-in-different-levels-of-health-socio-sanitary-frailty-and-disability
#4
Laura Andreoni, Antonio Giampiero Russo
OBJECTIVES: to describe an innovative algorithm to classify the general population, in homogeneous groups of severity and complexity of disease and real needs, by using three dimensions: health, frailty, and disability. DESIGN: retrospective cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study includes the population covered by the Agency for health protection of Metropolitan Area of Milan (3,4 million of habitants). We identified two cohorts of residents: the first at 01...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928111/personalized-hypertension-management-using-patient-generated-health-data-integrated-with-electronic-health-records-empower-h-six-month-pre-post-study
#5
Nan Lv, Lan Xiao, Martha L Simmons, Lisa G Rosas, Albert Chan, Martin Entwistle
BACKGROUND: EMPOWER-H (Engaging and Motivating Patients Online With Enhanced Resources-Hypertension) is a personalized-care model facilitating engagement in hypertension self-management utilizing an interactive Web-based disease management system integrated with the electronic health record. The model is designed to support timely patient-provider interaction by incorporating decision support technology to individualize care and provide personalized feedback for patients with chronic disease...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925749/cardiac-telerehabilitation-a-novel-cost-efficient-care-delivery-strategy-that-can-induce-long-term-health-benefits
#6
Ines Frederix, Francesca Solmi, Massimo F Piepoli, Paul Dendale
Background Finding innovative and cost-efficient care strategies that induce long-term health benefits in cardiac patients constitutes a big challenge today. The aim of this Telerehab III follow-up study was to assess whether a 6-month additional cardiac telerehabilitation programme could induce long-term health benefits and remain cost-efficient after the tele-intervention ended. Methods and results A total of 126 cardiac patients first completed the multicentre, randomised controlled telerehabilitation trial (Telerehab III, time points t0 to t1)...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923163/patients-experiences-of-nurse-case-management-in-primary-care-a-meta-synthesis
#7
Anna Askerud, Anna Askerud, Jenny Conder, Jenny Conder
The health system in New Zealand and Australia requires health practitioners to prepare for the challenge of long-term conditions. Wagner's 1998 Chronic Care Model advocates a move away from the traditional acute model of primary health care to a model that addresses the long-term episodic nature of chronic disease. Nurse case management has been developed over the last 2 decades as a means to coordinate health services for people with long-term conditions. This meta-synthesis combines the results of 15 qualitative research studies that have a similar research question regarding peoples' perceptions of nurse case management...
September 19, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922292/advances-in-delivery-of-ambulatory-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-for-multiple-myeloma
#8
Jack Khouri, Navneet S Majhail
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is generally performed in the inpatient setting in its entirety. Several centers have demonstrated the feasibility of performing ASCT for myeloma in the ambulatory setting. We review the safety, cost-effectiveness, complications and outcomes of outpatient ASCT for myeloma. RECENT FINDINGS: Published studies are heterogeneous but suggest that outpatient ASCT for myeloma is cost-effective and associated with a shorter or no initial hospitalization, albeit there is a high rate of readmission for complications...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922038/a-mixed-methods-study-of-emotional-exhaustion-energizing-and-depleting-work-within-an-innovative-healthcare-team
#9
Cindy L Cain, Caitlin Taborda-Whitt, Monica Frazer, Sandra Schellinger, Katie M White, Jason Kaasovic, Brenda Nelson, Allison Chant
This mixed methods study documents emotional exhaustion experiences among care team members during the development of an innovative team approach for caring for adults with serious illness. A mixed methods study design was employed to examine depleting work experiences that may produce emotional exhaustion, and energizing aspects of the work that may increase meaningfulness of work, thus reducing emotional exhaustion. The population studied included team members involved in care for adults with serious illness (n = 18)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920715/the-mixed-message-behind-medication-assisted-treatment-for-substance-use-disorder
#10
Sean M Robinson, Bryon Adinoff
The gap between treatment utilization and treatment need for substance use disorders (SUDs) remains a significant concern in our field. While the growing call to bridge this gap often takes the form of more treatment services and/or better integration of existing services, this perspective proposes that more effective labels for and transparent descriptions of existing services would also have a meaningful impact. Adopting the perspective of a consumer-based health-care model (wherein treatments and services are products and patients are consumers) allows us to consider how labels like Addiction-focused Medical Management, Medication-Assisted Treatment, Medication-Assisted Therapy, and others may actually be contributing to the underutilization problem rather than alleviating it...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918911/mortality-of-severe-septic-patients-between-physician-s-high-and-low-care-volumes
#11
Chun-Yao Lin, Jo-Chi Tseng, Chih-Yu Huang, Chien-Ming Chu, Huang-Pin Wu
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe sepsis frequently require intensive care unit (ICU) admission and different ICU care models may influence their outcomes. The mortality of severe septic patients between physician's high and low care volume remains unclear. METHODS: We analyzed the data from a three-year prospective observation study, which was performed in an adult medical ICU of Chung Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung. The data included initial bundle therapies based on the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) guidelines for patients with severe sepsis...
August 2017: Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916289/breast-cancer-screening-utilization-among-women-from-muslim-majority-countries-in-ontario-canada
#12
Mandana Vahabi, Aisha Lofters, Eliane Kim, Josephine Pui-Hing Wong, Lisa Ellison, Erin Graves, Richard H Glazier
Breast cancer screening disparities continue to prevail with immigrant women being at the forefront of the under screened population. There is a paucity of knowledge about the role of religious affiliation or cultural orientation on immigrant women's cancer screening uptake. This study examined differences in uptake of breast cancer screening among women from Muslim and non- Muslim majority countries in Ontario, Canada. A cohort of 1,851,834 screening-eligible women living in Ontario during April 1, 2013 to March 31, 2015 was created using linked health and social administrative databases...
September 12, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916014/integrated-behavioral-health-care-in-pediatric-subspecialty-clinics
#13
REVIEW
Chase Samsel, Monique Ribeiro, Patricia Ibeziako, David R DeMaso
Comorbid behavioral and physical health conditions are accompanied by troubling symptom burden, functional impairment, and treatment complexity. Pediatric subspecialty care clinics offer an opportunity for the implementation of integrated behavioral health (BH) care models that promote resiliency. This article reviews integrated BH care in oncology, palliative care, pain, neuropsychiatry, cystic fibrosis, and transplantation. Examples include integrated care mandates, standards of care, research, and quality improvement by child and adolescent psychiatrists (CAPs) and allied BH clinicians...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916007/from-theory-to-action-children-s-community-pediatrics-behavioral-health-system
#14
REVIEW
Abigail Schlesinger, Jacquelyn M Collura, Emily Harris, Joanna Quigley
Integrated health care models attempt to cross the barrier between behavioral and medical worlds in order to improve access to quality care that meets the needs of the whole patient. Unfortunately, the integration of behavioral health and physical health providers in one space is not enough to actually promote integration. There are many models for promoting integration and collaboration within the primary care context. This article uses the experience of the Children's Community Pediatrics Behavioral Health Services system to highlight components of collaboration that should be considered in order to successfully integrate behavioral health within a medical home...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910436/integrating-data-collection-into-office-work-flow-and-electronic-health-records-for-clinical-outcomes-research
#15
C Alessandra Colaianni, Patricia A Levesque, Robin W Lindsay
Meticulous collection of clinical outcomes metrics in patients undergoing elective surgery is important to ensure quality care; it is also increasing in importance as the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services moves to tie reimbursement to outcomes and insurance approval. This study assesses a systematic method for gathering preoperative and postoperative data on patients with nasal obstruction who undergo functional septorhinoplasty that was developed at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts...
September 14, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905648/personhood-dementia-policy-and-the-irish-national-dementia-strategy
#16
Niamh Hennelly, Eamon O'Shea
Personhood and its realisation in person-centred care is part of the narrative, if not always the reality, of care for people with dementia. This paper examines how personhood is conceptualised and actualised in Ireland through a content analysis of organisational and individual submissions from stakeholders in the development of the Irish National Dementia Strategy, followed by an examination of the Strategy itself. The organisational submissions are further categorised into dementia care models. A structural analysis of the Strategy examines its principles, actions and outcomes in relation to personhood...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905647/the-challenge-pathway-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-an-innovative-care-model-for-the-palliative-and-end-of-life-care-of-people-with-dementia-innovative-practice
#17
Emily Harrop, Annmarie Nelson, Helen Rees, Dylan Harris, Simon Noble
An innovative service for the palliative and end-of-life care of people with dementia was introduced at a UK hospice. This evaluation involved analysis of audit data, semi-structured interviews with project staff (n=3) and surveys of family carers (n=15) and professionals (n=20). The service has increased access to palliative, end-of-life care and other services. Improvements were reported in the knowledge, confidence and care skills of family carers and professionals. Carers felt better supported and it was perceived that the service enabled more patients to be cared for at home or in their usual place of care...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905377/implementation-challenges-and-outcomes-of-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-of-a-group-prenatal-care-model-in-malawi-and-tanzania
#18
Crystal L Patil, Carrie S Klima, Alana D Steffen, Sebalda C Leshabari, Heather Pauls, Kathleen F Norr
OBJECTIVE: To identify implementation challenges associated with conducting a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of group prenatal care (PNC) and report outcomes of the pilot. METHODS: A multi-site randomized pilot was conducted in Malawi and Tanzania between July 31, 2014, and June 30, 2015. Women aged at least 16 years with a pregnancy of 20-24 weeks were randomly assigned using sealed envelopes (1:1) to individual or group PNC. Structured interviews were conducted at baseline, in the third trimester and 6-8 weeks after delivery...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900839/behavioral-health-integration-into-primary-care-a-microsimulation-of-financial-implications-for-practices
#19
Sanjay Basu, Bruce E Landon, John W Williams, Asaf Bitton, Zirui Song, Russell S Phillips
BACKGROUND: New payments from Medicare encourage behavioral health services to be integrated into primary care practice activities. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the financial impact for primary care practices of integrating behavioral health services. DESIGN: Microsimulation model. PARTICIPANTS: We simulated patients and providers at federally qualified health centers (FQHCs), non-FQHCs in urban and rural high-poverty areas, and practices outside of high-poverty areas surveyed by the National Association of Community Health Centers, National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, and National Health Interview Survey...
September 12, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899613/psychiatric-comorbidity-pattern-in-treatment-seeking-veterans
#20
J Don Richardson, F Ketcheson, L King, P Shnaider, M Marlborough, A Thompson, J D Elhai
OBJECTIVE: To compare physical and mental health outcomes of Canadian military personnel with probable mild traumatic brain injury(mTBI) to outcomes of those without and to report implications for collaboration and treatment. METHODS: One hundred forty-seven soldiers attending the Operational Stress Injury Clinic at Parkwood Hospital, London, Ontario, were screened for mTBI and completed several other measures of mental and physical health. Scores from these measures were compared across two groups (positive vs...
September 1, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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