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Luteolin AND Diabetes

Jing Xu, Hong Xu, Yang Yu, Yi He, Qi Liu, Bo Yang
BACKGROUND The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect of luteolin and solifenacin on diabetic cystopathy (DCP) and to investigate the mechanism of action. A novel link between the overexpression of c-Kit in the bladder and voiding dysfunction was identified in rats with DCP. MATERIAL AND METHODS A rat model of DCP was successfully established by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin and a diet high in glucose and lipids, and animals were treated with luteolin and solifenacin. The effect of luteolin and solifenacin on urinary dysfunction in DCP rats was investigated by assessing bladder pressure and performing a volume test...
March 10, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Sheng Wu, Li Tian
A new flavone glucoside tricetin 4'-O-β-glucopyranoside (1) and four known ellagitannins and flavones tricetin (2), luteolin (3), ellagic acid (4), and granatin B (5) were isolated from the flowers of Punica granatum L. (Lythraceae). Their structures were established by 1D and 2D NMR as well as mass spectrometry analyses. Among all tested compounds, tricetin (2) exhibited the strongest α-glucosidase inhibitory activity that was comparable to the anti-diabetic drug acarbose. Comparative structure-function analysis of tri-, tetra-, and pentahydroxy flavones [apigenin, luteolin (3), and tricetin (2), respectively] suggested that a greater number of hydroxyl groups on the flavone molecule enhanced its suppression of α-glucosidase, α-amylase, and lipase activities...
March 3, 2018: Natural Product Research
Osasenaga Macdonald Ighodaro, Oluseyi Adeboye Akinloye
BACKGOUND: Ethnobatanical survey associates Sapium ellipticum (SE) with antidiabetic usage among other medicinal functions in different parts of Africa. More importantly, previous studies on the plant extract in our laboratory showed that SE has significant effects on the activities of carbohydrate metabolizing enzymes such as glucokinase, glucose-6-phosphatase, α-amylase and α-glucosidase. In view of these, the anti-diabetic potential of the plant leaf extract in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes rat model (Wistar strain) was examined...
December 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Arang Kim, Wooje Lee, Jung-Mi Yun
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Chronic hyperglycemia induces oxidative stress via accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and contributes to diabetic complications. Hyperglycemia induces mitochondrial superoxide anion production through the increased activity of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase. This study aimed to determine whether fisetin and luteolin treatments suppress the oxidative stress by modulating the expression of sirtuins (SIRTs) and forkhead box O3a (FOXO3a) under hyperglycemic conditions in human monocytes...
October 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
Bo-Wei Zhang, Xia Li, Wen-Long Sun, Yan Xing, Zhi-Long Xiu, Chun-Lin Zhuang, Yue-Sheng Dong
The inhibition of porcine pancreatic α-amylase and mammalian α-glucosidase by 16 individual flavonoids was determined. The IC50 values for baicalein, (+)-catechin, quercetin, and luteolin were 74.1 ± 5.6, 175.1 ± 9.1, 281.2 ± 19.2, and 339.4 ± 16.3 μM, respectively, against α-glucosidase. The IC50 values for apigenin and baicalein were 146.8 ± 7.1 and 446.4 ± 23.9 μM, respectively, against α-amylase. The combination of baicalein, quercetin, or luteolin with acarbose showed synergistic inhibition, and the combination of (+)-catechin with acarbose showed antagonistic inhibition of α-glucosidase...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Yi Liu, Jie Huang, Xian Zheng, Xia Yang, Yan Ding, Tongyong Fang, Yuyun Zhang, Shuaishuai Wang, Xiaofei Zhang, Xuan Luo, Anlei Guo, Kelly A Newell, Yinghua Yu, Xu-Feng Huang
Methylglyoxal (MG) accumulation has been observed in human cerebrospinal fluid and body tissues under hyperglycaemic conditions. Recent research has demonstrated that MG-induces neuronal cell apoptosis, which promotes the development of diabetic encephalopathy. Our previous animal study has shown that luteolin, a natural flavonoid, attenuates diabetes-associated cognitive dysfunction. To further explore the neuroprotective properties of luteolin, we investigated the inhibitive effect of luteolin on MG-induced apoptosis in PC12 neuronal cells...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
Bin-Bin Wei, Zai-Xing Chen, Ming-Yan Liu, Min-Jie Wei
Maydis stigma is an important medicine herb used in many parts of the world for treatment of diabetes mellitus, which main bioactive ingredients are flavonoids. This paper describes for the first time a study on the comparative pharmacokinetics of six active flavonoid ingredients of Maydis stigma in normal and diabetic rats orally administrated with the decoction. Therefore, an efficient and sensitive ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method for the simultaneous determination of six anti-diabetic ingredients (cynaroside, quercetin, luteolin, isorhamnetin, rutin and formononetin) of Maydis stigma in rat plasma has been developed and validated in plasma samples, which showed good linearity over a wide concentration range (r² > 0...
July 29, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Arang Kim, Jung-Mi Yun
Hyperglycemia leads to diabetes and its diabetic complications. In this study, we investigated the synergistic effects of luteolin and fisetin on proinflammatory cytokine secretion and its underlying epigenetic regulation in human monocytes exposed to hyperglycemic (HG) concentrations. Human monocytic cells (THP-1) were cultured under controlled (14.5 mM mannitol), normoglycemic (5.5 mM glucose), or HG (20 mM glucose) conditions in the absence or presence of the two phytochemicals for 48 h. Whereas HG conditions significantly induced histone acetylation, nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) activation, interleukin 6, and tumor necrosis factor-α release from THP-1 cells; combination treatments with the two phytochemicals (500 nM fisetin, and l μM and 500 nM luteolin) suppressed NF-κB activity and inflammatory cytokine release...
August 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
Rahima Abdulla, Sanawar Mansur, Haizhong Lai, Ablikim Ubul, Guangying Sun, Guozheng Huang, Haji Akber Aisa
INTRODUCTION: Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) husk is a traditional herbal medicine abundant in phenolic compounds and plays some roles in the treatment of oxidative stress, bacterial and viral infection, diabetes mellitus, and acute and chronic inflammation. OBJECTIVE: Identification and determination of polyphenols in macroporous resin pretreated pomegranate husk extract by high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-QTOF-MS)...
June 23, 2017: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
Olga Nikolaevna Styshova, Alexander Michailovich Popov, Alexander Alekseevish Artyukov, Anna Anatolievna Klimovich
The present review analyzed the recent experimental studies of the alleviating activity of main constituents of the polyphenol complex from seagrasses of the genus Zostera, namely rosmarinic acid, luteolin and its sulfated derivatives, on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism disorders. A number of studies by our group and others, in which various experimental models of diabetes and hyperlipidemia were used, show a therapeutic action of the polyphenol complex and the abovementioned phenolic constituents, when applied separately and in combination...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Seung Hwan Hwang, Shin Hwa Kwon, Set Byeol Kim, Soon Sung Lim
Stauntonia hexaphylla (Thunb.) Decne. (Lardizabalaceae) leaves (SHL) have been used traditionally as analgesics, sedatives, diuretics, and so on, in China. To date, no data have been reported on the inhibitory effect of SHL and its constituents on rat lens aldose reductase (RLAR) and advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Therefore, the inhibitory effect of compounds isolated from SHL extract on RLAR and AGEs was investigated to evaluate potential treatments of diabetic complications. The ethyl acetate (EtOAC) fraction of SHL extract showed strong inhibitory activity on RLAR and AGEs; therefore, EtOAc fraction (3...
2017: BioMed Research International
Emmanuel A Irondi, Jacob K Akintunde, Samson O Agboola, Aline A Boligon, Margareth L Athayde
Adansonia digitata (A. digitata) leaves serve as food and has several medicinal uses in many parts of the world. This study evaluated the influence of blanching on the phenolics composition, antioxidant activity, and inhibitory effect of methanol extract of A. digitata leaves on the activities of some key enzymes (α-amylase, α-glucosidase, and aldose reductase) implicated in type 2 diabetes (T2D) in vitro. Reverse-phase HPLC analysis revealed that the leaves had appreciable levels of flavonoids and phenolic acids, including catechin, epicatechin, rutin, quercitrin, quercetin, kaempferol, and luteolin (flavonoids); gallic, chlorogenic, caffeic, and ellagic acids (phenolic acids)...
March 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
Hui Chen, Kehui Ouyang, Yan Jiang, Zhanwei Yang, Wenbing Hu, Lei Xiong, Ning Wang, Xin Liu, Wenjun Wang
The ethanol extracts of Chimonanthus nitens Oliv. leaves were prepared sequentially by ethanol gradient elution and tested for their α-glucosidase inhibitory. The fraction of 50% ethanol eluate (EE) exhibited the notable inhibition with IC50 of 0.376mg/mL. Also, 50% EE was chemically characterized by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis. Eight compounds including rutin (1), hyperin (2), isoquercitrin (3), luteoloside (4), astragalin (6), quercetin (13), naringenin (14), kaempferol (15) were identified by compared with standard substances as well as proper luteolin-5-O-glucoside (5), kaempferol-7-O-rhamnoside (9), 5,7,8-trihydroxy-2-methoxyl-flavone-7-O-glucoside (10), kaempferol-7-O-acetyl-galactoside (11)...
May 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Set Byeol Kim, Seung Hwan Hwang, Hong-Won Suh, Soon Sung Lim
The aim of this study was to determine aldose reductase (AR) inhibitory activity and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity of compounds from Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb (AP). We isolated agrimoniin (AM), four flavonoid glucosides and two flavonoid glucuronides from the n-butanol fraction of AP 50% methanol extract. In addition to isolated compounds, the AR-inhibitory activity and the DPPH free radical scavenging activity of catechin, 5-flavonoids, and 4-flavonoid glucosides (known components of AP) against rat lens AR (RLAR) and DPPH assay were measured...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Abdulwali Ablat, Mohammed Farouq Halabi, Jamaludin Mohamad, Muhammad Hafiz Husna Hasnan, Hazrina Hazni, Ser-Huy Teh, Jamil A Shilpi, Zulqarnain Mohamed, Khalijah Awang
BACKGROUND: Brucea javanica (B. javanica) seeds, also known as "Melada pahit" in Indo-Malay region are traditionally used to treat diabetes. The objective of this study was to determine antidiabetic, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of B. javanica seeds on nicotinamide (NA)-streptozotocin (STZ) induced type 2 diabetic (T2D) rats and to analyze its chemical composition that correlate with their pharmacological activities. METHODS: A hydroethanolic extract of B...
February 6, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
V P Veerapur, V Pratap, B S Thippeswamy, P Marietta, Punit Bansal, P V Kulkarni, V H Kulkarni
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Traditionally Cassia glauca (CG) has been used to treat diabetes. AIM OF THE STUDY: The study was undertaken to evaluate anti-diabetic and antioxidant activity of polyphenolic enriched extract of CG in standardized streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effect of ethanol (CGE) and water (CGW) extracts of CG (200 and 400mg/kg) treatment were evaluated in STZ (50mg/kg, iv) induced diabetic rats...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Shuhei Hattori, Tetsuro Kamiya, Hirokazu Hara, Masayuki Ninomiya, Mamoru Koketsu, Tetsuo Adachi
Extracellular-superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD), one of the SOD isozymes, is negatively regulated under hypoxic conditions, and decreases in its expression may exacerbate vascular diseases. Moreover, epigenetics, such as DNA methylation and histone modifications, are known to play a critical role in the progression of cancer, type 2 diabetes, and atherosclerosis. We previously investigated the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in decreases in EC-SOD expression in hypoxic COS7 cells; however, the role of epigenetics in this process currently remains unknown...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Nilüfer Orhan, Ülkü Gökçen İçöz, Levent Altun, Mustafa Aslan
OBJECTIVES: Bidens species are used for their antidiabetic properties traditionally in many countries. Aim of this study is to evaluate hypoglycaemic and antidiabetic activity of Bidens tripartita extract and to identify its active compounds through bioactivity guided isolation technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hypoglycaemic effects of B. tripartita extract and its sub-extracts were investigated in normal and glucose-hyperglycaemic rats. Streptozotocin induced diabetic rats were used to examine antidiabetic activity of the extract and its sub-extracts after acute and sub-acute administration...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Chia-Chuan Chang, Wei Yuan, Hsiao-Yuh Roan, Jia-Ling Chang, Hsiu-Chen Huang, Yu-Ching Lee, Huey Jen Tsay, Hui-Kang Liu
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to develop a Stigmata Maydis (corn silk) fraction with dual bio-activities against oxidative stress and protein glycation to protect β-cells from diabetes-induced failure. METHODS: Corn silk fractions were prepared by partition and chemically characterised by thin-layer chromatography. Free radical scavenging assay, glycation assay, and cell-based viability test (neutral red) were employed to decide the best fraction. Cell death analysis was executed by annexin V/ Propidium iodide staining...
November 3, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Geethi Pamunuwa, D Nedra Karunaratne, Viduranga Y Waisundara
This review discusses the antidiabetic activities of Scoparia dulcis as well as its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties in relation to the diabetes and its complications. Ethnomedical applications of the herb have been identified as treatment for jaundice, stomach problems, skin disease, fever, and kidney stones, reproductory issues, and piles. Evidence has been demonstrated through scientific studies as to the antidiabetic effects of crude extracts of S. dulcis as well as its bioactive constituents...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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