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Ultrasound ems

Xiaolin Deng, Leming Song, Donghua Xie, Jianrong Huang, Lunfeng Zhu, Xiaolin Wang, Difu Fan, Zuofeng Peng, Min Hu, Zhongsheng Yang, Tairong Liu, Zhangqun Ye
OBJECTIVES: At present, there is no report on the application of Guy's stone (GS) score in minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL). We therefore investigate the clinical effect of MPCNL by using a patented irrigation and clearance system according to the GS. METHODS: A total of 222 consecutive patients were divided into 2 groups that were treated with MPCNL using the patented system or standard PCNL using Electro Medical System (EMS) ultrasound/ballistic trajectory lithotripsy and clearance system, respectively (124 patients in patented system group, 98 patients in EMS system group)...
2016: Urologia Internationalis
Sundeep R Bhat, David A Johnson, Jessica E Pierog, Brita E Zaia, Sarah R Williams, Laleh Gharahbaghian
INTRODUCTION: In the United States, there are limited studies regarding use of prehospital ultrasound (US) by emergency medical service (EMS) providers. Field diagnosis of life-threatening conditions using US could be of great utility. This study assesses the ability of EMS providers and students to accurately interpret heart and lung US images. METHODS: We tested certified emergency medical technicians (EMT-B) and paramedics (EMT-P) as well as EMT-B and EMT-P students enrolled in prehospital training programs within two California counties...
July 2015: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Lu-Lu Wang, Huai-Qiu Cai, Xiao-Qiu Dong, Li-Wei Zhang, Shan-Shan Jiang, Ning Zhao, Xiao-Hui Shao, Si-Ming Wang, Li Zhu, Tong Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To detect the differentially expressed genes and subsequently identify disease-related signatures and potential biomarkers for patients with ovarian endometriomas in the serum before and after the ultrasound-guided ethanol sclerotherapy in patients with ovarian endometriomas. DESIGN AND METHODS: Venous blood samples were collected from nine patients with ovarian endometriomas before and after ultrasound-guided ethanol sclerotherapy, and the serum were isolated after centrifugation...
November 2015: Clinical Biochemistry
Caroline C Billingsley, Kimberly A Kenne, Catherine D Cansino, Floor J Backes, David E Cohn, David M O'Malley, Larry J Copeland, Jeffrey M Fowler, Ritu Salani
OBJECTIVE: To determine the use of the transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) in postmenopausal women with type II endometrial cancer. METHODS/MATERIALS: A retrospective review was conducted for 173 women with pathology proven type II endometrial cancer at a single institution. Those who underwent preoperative TVUS were included, and the following data were obtained: endometrial stripe (EMS) measurement, uterine and/or adnexal findings, and uterine size/volume. Clinicopathologic factors were abstracted...
June 2015: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Paulina Olesiak, Longina Stępniak
This study is focused on biosorption process used in water treatment. The process has a number of advantages and a lot of research has been done into its intensification by means of ultrasonic modification of solutions. The study carried out by the authors leads to the conclusion that sonication of organic solutions allows for extension of the time of operation of carbon beds. For the analysis of the results obtained during the sorption of humic substances (HS) from the solution dependencies UV/UV₀ or DOC/DOC₀ were used...
2014: Acta Biochimica Polonica
Laetitia Yperzeele, Robbert-Jan Van Hooff, Ann De Smedt, Alexis Valenzuela Espinoza, Rohny Van de Casseye, Ives Hubloue, Jacques De Keyser, Raf Brouns
BACKGROUND: The global burden of stroke is immense, both in medical and economic terms. With the aging population and the ongoing industrialization of the third world, stroke prevalence is expected to increase and will have a major effect on national health expenditures. Currently, the medical treatment for acute ischemic stroke is limited to intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (IV r-tPA), but its time dependency leads to low utilization rates in routine clinical practice...
2014: Cerebrovascular Diseases
B Hoffmann, J P Gullett, H F Hill, D Fuller, M C Westergaard, W T Hosek, J A Smith
PURPOSE: In controlled environments such as the operating room, bedside ultrasound (BUS) of the neck has shown high accuracy for distinguishing endotracheal (ETI) from esophageal intubations. We sought to determine the accuracy of BUS for endotracheal tube (ETT) position in the emergency department (ED) setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed the utility of BUS in a single-center observational study in an ED setting. BUS was performed either simultaneously with ED intubation (S/ED), within < 3 minutes of ED intubation (A/ED), or in < 3 minutes of patient's ED arrival after pre-hospital intubation (A/EMS)...
October 2014: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Xiao-Yun Zhang, Chun-Yan Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture-moxibustion combined with modified Mojie tablet (see text) in the prevention of the recurrence of endometriosis (EMS) after laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: After laparoscopic surgery, 120 cases of EMS were randomized into an acupuncture-moxibustion group, a western medication group, a Chinese medication group and a combined therapy of acupuncture-moxibustion and Chinese medication group (combined therapy group), 30 cases in each one...
February 2014: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
John Taylor, Kyle McLaughlin, Andrew McRae, Eddy Lang, Andrew Anton
BACKGROUND: Advances in ultrasound imaging technology have made it more accessible to prehospital providers. Little is known about how ultrasound is being used in the prehospital environment and we suspect that it is not widely used in North America at this time. We believe that EMS system characteristics such as provider training, system size, population served, and type of transport will be associated with use or non-use of ultrasound. Our study objective was to describe the current use of prehospital ultrasound in North America...
2014: BMC Emergency Medicine
Ellie P Salinski, Charles C Worrilow
BACKGROUND: Diagnosed ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) usually prompts rapid cardiac catheterization response. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to raise awareness that hypothermia can cause electrocardiographic (ECG) changes that mimic STEMI. CASE REPORT: Emergency Medical Services (EMS) was called for altered mental status and lethargy in a 47-year-old man with a medical history of paraplegia. His history included hepatitis C, hypertension, seizures, anxiety, and recent pneumonia treated with i...
April 2014: Journal of Emergency Medicine
K Lobastov, V Barinov, L Laberko, V Obolensky, V Boyarintsev, G Rodoman
AIM: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the potential effect of electrical calf muscle stimulation (EMS) in the prevention of postoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in high risk patients and to assess efficacy and safety of EMS in patients with calf DVT. METHODS: This was a prospective non-randomized controlled study involving 80 patients over the age of 40 having major surgery (44 abdominal and 36 cranial or spinal surgery; duration more than 60 min under general anesthesia)...
February 2014: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
Tie Zhou, Guanghua Chen, Wei Zhang, Yonghan Peng, Liang Xiao, Chuangliang Xu, Yinghao Sun
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) is about 20% in men aged 40 or above. Other than benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), urethral diverticulum or calculus is not uncommon for LUTS in men. Surgical treatment is often recommended for urethral diverticulum or calculus, but treatment for an impacted urethral calculus complicated by a stone-containing diverticulum is challenging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An 82-year-old man had the persistence of LUTS despite having undergone transurethral resection of prostate for BPH...
September 2013: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Mazen J El Sayed, Elie Zaghrini
Imaging modalities in the prehospital setting are helpful in the evaluation and management of time-sensitive emergency conditions. Ultrasound is the main modality that has been applied by emergency medical services (EMS) providers in the field. This paper examines the clinical applications of ultrasound in the prehospital setting. Specific focus is on applications that provide essential information to guide triage and management of critical patients. Challenges of this modality are also described in terms of cost impact on EMS agencies, provider training, and skill maintenance in addition to challenges related to the technical aspect of ultrasound...
2013: Emergency Medicine International
Feng Pan, Wen-cheng Li, Hua-geng Liang, Wen Ju, Min Fan, Zi-li Pang, Ya-jun Xiao, Fu-qing Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of preoperative computed tomography urography (CTU) three-dimensional reconstruction, intraoperative radiology and ultrasound guidance followed by percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the treatment of complex renal calculi. METHODS: We summarized the clinical data of 210 patients with complex renal calculi treated at our hospital from December 2008 to December 2011 in this retrospective study. In the one-stop diagnosis and treatment group (n = 119), the optimal puncture approach was designed according to CTU imaging and three-dimensional reconstruction...
June 11, 2013: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Mohammad Arafat Hussain, Farzana Alam, Sharmin Akhtar Rupa, Rayhana Awwal, Soo Yeol Lee, Md Kamrul Hasan
Elasticity imaging techniques with built-in or regularization-based smoothing feature for ensuring strain continuity are not intelligent enough to prevent distortion or lesion edge blurring while smoothing. This paper proposes a novel approach with built-in lesion edge preservation technique for high quality direct average strain imaging. An edge detection scheme, typically used in diffusion filtering is modified here for lesion edge detection. Based on the extracted edge information, lesion edges are preserved by modifying the strain determining cost function in the direct-average-strain-estimation (DASE) method...
January 2014: Ultrasonics
Dilek Durmus, Gamze Alayli, Ahmet Salim Goktepe, Mehmet Ali Taskaynatan, Ayhan Bilgici, Omer Kuru
The aim of this trial is to investigate and compare the effects of phonophoresis (PP) and ultrasound (US) therapy on pain, disability, trunk muscle strength, walking performance, spinal mobility, quality of life (QOL), and depression in the patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). A total of 60 patients with definite CLBP were included in this study. The patients were randomized into three groups. Group 1 (n = 20) was accepted as the control group and was given only exercises. Group 2 (n = 20) received US treatment and exercises...
July 2013: Rheumatology International
Sandeep Kumar, Sushant Chaudhary, Akshay Kumar, Arpit Kumar Agarwal, M C Misra
BACKGROUND: Trained doctors and para-medical personnel in accident and emergency services are scant in India. Teaching and training in trauma and emergency medical system (EMS) as a specialty accredited by the Medical Council of India is yet to be started as a postgraduate medical education program. The MI and CMO (casualty medical officer) rooms at military and civilian hospitals in India that practice triage, first-aid, medico-legal formalities, reference and organize transport to respective departments leads to undue delays and lack multidisciplinary approach...
June 2009: Indian Journal of Surgery
Aimee L Thornton, Cailee W McCarty, Mollie-Jean Burgess
CLINICAL SCENARIO: Shoulder pain is a common musculoskeletal condition that affects up to 25% of the general population. Shoulder pain can be caused by any number of underlying conditions including Subacromial impingement syndrome, rotator-cuff tendinitis, and biceps tendinitis. Regardless of the specific pathology, pain is generally the number 1 symptom associated with shoulder injuries and can severely affect daily activities and quality of life of patients with these conditions. Two of the primary goals in the treatment of these conditions are reducing pain and increasing shoulder range of motion (ROM)...
February 2013: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Bryan Bledsoe, Pat Songer, Kelly Buchanan, Jeff Westin, Ryan Hodnick, Loren Gorosh
INTRODUCTION: Burning Man is a large weeklong outdoor arts festival held annually in the rugged and austere Black Rock Desert in northern Nevada. The 2011 event presented several unusual challenges in terms of emergency medical services (EMS) and medical care provision. OBJECTIVE: This paper details the planning and subsequent emergency medical care for Burning Man 2011. METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational review of the preparation, management, and medical care at Burning Man 2011...
October 2012: Prehospital Emergency Care
Yoshimi Iwasaki, Keiichi Kubota, Junji Kita, Masato Katoh, Mitsugi Shimoda, Tokihiko Sawada, Yukihiro Iso
BACKGROUND: The current study was conducted to evaluate the safety and utility of intraoperative transhepatic biliary stenting (ITBS) in patients with unresectable malignant biliary obstruction (UMBO) diagnosed intraoperatively. METHODS: In this study, 50 patients who underwent ITBS for UMBO between April 2001 and May 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. For 26 patients who underwent preoperative percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD), the expandable metallic stent (EMS) was inserted intraoperatively by the PTBD route in a single stage...
February 2013: Surgical Endoscopy
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