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Jung-Chien Cheng, Evan Y Wang, Yuyin Yi, Avinash Thakur, Shu-Huei Tsai, Pamela A Hoodless
Dysregulation of the Hippo pathway in the liver results in overgrowth and eventually tumorigenesis. To date, several upstream mechanisms have been identified that affect the Hippo pathway; that ultimately regulate YAP, the major downstream effector of the pathway. However, upstream regulators of the Hippo pathway in the liver remain poorly defined. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive sphingolipid metabolite that has been shown to stimulate hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell proliferation, but whether the Hippo pathway is involved in S1P-stimulated HCC cell proliferation remains to be determined...
June 14, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Takaaki Sugihara, Nathan W Werneburg, Matthew C Hernandez, Lin Yang, Ayano Kabashima, Petra Hirsova, Lavanya Yohanathan, Carlos Sosa, Mark Joseph Truty, George Vasmatzis, Gregory J Gores, Rory L Smoot
The hippo pathway effector, Yes-associated protein (YAP) is a transcriptional co-activator implicated in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) pathogenesis. YAP is known to be regulated by a serine/threonine kinase relay module (MST1/2 - LATS1/2) culminating in phosphorylation of YAP at Serine 127 (S127) and cytoplasmic sequestration. However, YAP also undergoes tyrosine phosphorylation, and the role of tyrosine phosphorylation in YAP regulation remains unclear. Herein, YAP regulation by tyrosine phosphorylation was examined in human and mouse CCA cells, as well as patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models...
June 14, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Qingping Guo, Jiale Wang, Zeyu Cao, Yongchang Tang, Chao Feng, Feizhou Huang
Despite advances in surgery and chemotherapy, the prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains poor. In the present study, the role of S100A1 in the progression of HCC was investigated. Immunohistochemical staining was used to measure the expression of S100A1 in HCC tissues. S100A1 was knocked down by siRNA. A battery of experiments was used to evaluate the biology functions of S100A1. It was found that S100A1 was upregulated in HCC tissues, and its upregulation was associated with a large tumor size, low differentiation and shorter survival time...
June 5, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Shiyuan Huang, Xiaona Wang, Xinmei Wu, Jiale Yu, JinJing Li, Xiaoyuan Huang, Chunfang Zhu, Hongshan Ge
Yes-associated protein (Yap) was the core transcriptional co-activator in the downstream Hippo pathway that regulated cell proliferation and tissue growth. However, its role in the regulation of myoblast differentiation remains unclear. Regulation of mitochondrial networks by dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) and mitofusion 2 (Mfn2) is crucial for the activation of myoblast differentiation. In the present study, we investigated the interplay between the Hippo-Yap pathway and protein contents of Mfn2 and Drp1 during myoblast differentiation...
June 13, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Sheng Chen, Yuanjian Fang, Shenbin Xu, Cesar Reis, Jianmin Zhang
Mammalian Sterile20-like (MST) kinases are located upstream in the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, and play an important role in cell proliferation, differentiation, renewal, polarization and migration. Generally, five MST kinases exist in mammalian signal transduction pathways, including MST1, MST2, MST3, MST4 and YSK1. The central nervous system (CNS) is a sophisticated entity that takes charge of information reception, integration and response. Recently, accumulating evidence proposes that MST kinases are critical in the development of disease in different systems involving the CNS...
June 2018: Aging and Disease
Xingrong Du, Jing Wen, Yanyan Wang, Peer W F Karmaus, Alireza Khatamian, Haiyan Tan, Yuxin Li, Cliff Guy, Thanh-Long M Nguyen, Yogesh Dhungana, Geoffrey Neale, Junmin Peng, Jiyang Yu, Hongbo Chi
Dendritic cells orchestrate the crosstalk between innate and adaptive immunity. CD8α+ dendritic cells present antigens to CD8+ T cells and elicit cytotoxic T cell responses to viruses, bacteria and tumours 1 . Although lineage-specific transcriptional regulators of CD8α+ dendritic cell development have been identified 2 , the molecular pathways that selectively orchestrate CD8α+ dendritic cell function remain elusive. Moreover, metabolic reprogramming is important for dendritic cell development and activation3,4 , but metabolic dependence and regulation of dendritic cell subsets are largely uncharacterized...
May 30, 2018: Nature
Mei Chen, Zhide Guo, Qinghua Chen, Jingping Wei, Jingchao Li, Changrong Shi, Duo Xu, Dawang Zhou, Xianzhong Zhang, Nanfeng Zheng
Radiolabeled nanoparticles (NPs), taking advantage of nanotechnology and nuclear medicine, have shown attractive potential for cancer diagnosis and therapy. However, the high background signal in the liver and long-term toxic effects of radioisotopes caused by the nonselective accumulation of radiolabeled nanoparticles in organs have become the major challenges. Here, we report a pH-sensitive multifunctional theranostic platform with radiolabeled Pd nanosheets through a simple mixture of ultra-small Pd nanosheets and radioisotopes utilizing the strong adsorption of 131 I and 125 I on their surfaces (denoted as 131 I-Pd-PEG or 125 I-Pd-PEG)...
May 14, 2018: Chemical Science
Di Li, Haibo Ni, Qin Rui, Rong Gao, Gang Chen
Mammalian STE20-like kinase-1 (Mst1) is a generally expressed apoptosis-promoting kinase and a key bridgebuilder of apoptotic signaling in the etiology of tissue injury. Despite the fact that the biological function of Mst1 and its role in the cell's signalling network have yet to be determined, however, there is a lot of evidence that Mst1 plays an important role in cell death which result from tissue injury. Previous studies have shown that Mst1 is not only a target for some apoptosis-related molecules such as caspase 3 and P53,but aslo act as an activator of these proteinases to magnify apoptosis signal pathways...
May 15, 2018: Current Neuropharmacology
Xisong Wang, Qing Song
Background: Post-infarction cardiac injury is closely associated with cardiac remodeling and heart dysfunction. Mammalian STE20-like kinase 1 (Mst1), a regulator of cellular apoptosis, is involved in cardiac remodeling in post-infarction heart, but the mechanisms remain poorly defined. We aimed to explore the role of Mst1 in regulating chronic post-infarction cardiac injury, with a focus on mitochondrial homoeostasis. Methods: Wild-type (WT) and Mst1-knockout mice were as the cardiac myocardial infarction model...
2018: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
Amin Ardestani, Blaz Lupse, Kathrin Maedler
The evolutionarily conserved Hippo pathway is a key regulator of organ size and tissue homeostasis. Its dysregulation is linked to multiple pathological disorders. In addition to regulating development and growth, recent studies show that Hippo pathway components such as MST1/2 and LATS1/2 kinases, as well as YAP/TAZ transcriptional coactivators, are regulated by metabolic pathways and that the Hippo pathway controls metabolic processes at the cellular and organismal levels in physiological and metabolic disease states such as obesity, type 2 diabetes (T2D), nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), cardiovascular disorders, and cancer...
May 5, 2018: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: TEM
Xue-Ni Shi, Shi-Hang Wei, Xu Peng, Yan Liu, Xue-Ling He, Hai-Lin Yin
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of macrophage stimulating protein (MSP) on the cell cycle of non-small cell lung cancer PC14 cells without expression of recepteur d'originenanta (RON) and MSP,and analyse its effect on PC14's epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) capacity. METHODS: Vitro culture PC14 (blank control),PC14-Mst1-pEGFP-N1 (stablely expressed MSP) and PC14-pEGFP-N1. Cell cycles were detected by flow cytometry and the gaps between cells during growth were measured by transmission electron microscope (TEM); RT-PCR and Western blot were used to figure out the shifts of EMT related gene expression in PC14-Mst1-pEGFP-N1 cells...
March 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Masoumeh Gholinejad, Iraj Jafari Anarkooli, Amirhossein Taromchi, Alireza Abdanipour
Overproduction of free radicals during oxidative stress induces damage to key biomolecules and activates programed cell death pathways. Neuronal cell death in the nervous system leads to a number of neurodegenerative diseases. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of adenosine on inhibition of apoptosis induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) in bone marrow-derived neural stem cells (B-dNSCs), with focus on its regulatory effect on the expression of mammalian sterile 20-like kinase 1 ( Mst1 ), as a novel proapoptotic kinase...
May 2018: Biomedical Reports
Suman Dalal, Barbara Connelly, Mahipal Singh, Krishna Singh
METHODS AND RESULTS: Treatment of adult rat ventricular myocytes (ARVMs) with β-AR agonist (isoproterenol) for 15 min increased phosphorylation (serine-518) and sumoylation of NF2. Co-immunoprecipitation assay confirmed β-AR-stimulated sumoylation of NF2. β-AR stimulation enhanced nuclear translocation of phosphorylated and sumoylated NF2. Specific inhibition of β1-AR and protein kinase A (PKA) decreased β-AR-stimulated increase in NF2 post-translational modifications, while inhibition of β2-AR had no effect...
2018: PloS One
Yong Suk Cho, Jian Zhu, Shuangxi Li, Bing Wang, Yuhong Han, Jin Jiang
Hippo (Hpo) signaling pathway controls tissue growth by regulating the subcellular localization of Yorkie (Yki)/Yap via a cytoplasmic kinase cassette containing an upstream kinase Hpo/MST1/2 and a downstream kinase Warts (Wts)/Lats1/2. Here we show that PRP4K, a kinase involved in mRNA splicing, phosphorylates Yki/Yap in the nucleus to prevent its nuclear accumulation and restrict Hpo pathway target gene expression. PRP4K inactivation accelerates whereas excessive PRP4K inhibits Yki-driven tissue overgrowth...
April 25, 2018: Nature Communications
Y Shi, B Liu, C-S Wang, C-S Yang
OBJECTIVE: Elevated apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) is correlated with the occurrence of aortic dissection (AD). Mammalian ste20-like protein kinase 1 (MST1) is one important component of Hippo-YAP signal pathway for activation and cell apoptosis facilitation. Whether MST1 plays a role in AD pathogenesis is unclear yet. This study established an AD rat model to investigate the role of MST1 in regulating VSMC apoptosis and AD pathogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell apoptosis was compared between AD vascular tissues and normal rats, in addition to Caspase-3 activity, and expression of MST1, p-LATS1, p-YAP1, YAP1...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Shanjie Wang, Zhijing Zhao, Yanhong Fan, Mingming Zhang, Xinyu Feng, Jie Lin, Jianqiang Hu, Zheng Cheng, Chuang Sun, Tingting Liu, Zhenyu Xiong, Zhi Yang, Haichang Wang, Dongdong Sun
Mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to heart failure induced mortality in approximately 80% of diabetic patients. Mitophagy degrades defective mitochondria and maintains a healthy mitochondrial population, which is essential for cardiomyocyte survival in diabetic stress. Herein, we determined whether Mst1 regulated mitophagy and investigated the downstream signaling pathway in the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). Mst1 deficiency promoted elimination of dysfunctional mitochondria in diabetic cardiomyopathy without affecting mitochondrial biogenesis...
April 17, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Wenxin Luo, Panwen Tian, Yue Wang, Heng Xu, Lu Chen, Chao Tang, Yang Shu, Shouyue Zhang, Zhoufeng Wang, Jun Zhang, Li Zhang, Lili Jiang, Lunxu Liu, Guowei Che, Chenglin Guo, Hong Zhang, Jiali Wang, Weimin Li
Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been recognized as a highly heterogeneous disease with phenotypic and genotypic diversity in each subgroup. While never-smoker patients with NSCLC have been well studied through next generation sequencing, we have yet to recognize the potentially unique molecular features of young never-smoker patients with NSCLC. In this study, we conducted whole genome sequencing (WGS) to characterize the genomic alterations of 36 never-smoker Chinese patients, who were diagnosed with lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) at 45 years or younger...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Sugandh Saxena, Shatrunajay Shukla, Poonam Kakkar
Pleckstrin homology domain leucine-rich repeat protein phosphatase 2 (PHLPP2) has been known to exert tumor suppressive activity for long without much knowledge about its regulation and implications. Protein kinase B (Akt), Protein kinase C (PKC) and Ribosomal protein S6 Kinase (S6K) are known downtargets of PHLPP2, regulating a plethora of life processes viz. cell growth, survival and evasion from apoptosis. Present study decoded the crucial role of PHLPP2 in inducing apoptosis by its interaction with the newly found binding partner Mammalian sterile 20-like kinase 1 (Mst1) in berberine (BBR)-treated human hepatoma cells...
May 15, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Zaid Taha, Helena J Janse van Rensburg, Xiaolong Yang
Since its discovery, the Hippo pathway has emerged as a central signaling network in mammalian cells. Canonical signaling through the Hippo pathway core components (MST1/2, LATS1/2, YAP and TAZ) is important for development and tissue homeostasis while aberrant signaling through the Hippo pathway has been implicated in multiple pathologies, including cancer. Recent studies have uncovered new roles for the Hippo pathway in immunology. In this review, we summarize the mechanisms by which Hippo signaling in pathogen-infected or neoplastic cells affects the activities of immune cells that respond to these threats...
March 28, 2018: Cancers
Wenyi Zhou, Mingyi Zhao
Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death around the globe. Cardiac deterioration is associated with irreversible cardiomyocyte loss. Understanding how the cardiovascular system develops and the pathological processes of cardiac disease will contribute to finding novel and preventive therapeutic methods. The canonical Hippo tumor suppressor pathway in mammalian cells is primarily composed of the MST1/2-SAV1-LATS1/2-MOB1-YAP/TAZ cascade. Continuing research on this pathway has identified other factors like RASSF1A, Nf2, MAP4Ks, and NDR1/2, further enriching our knowledge of the Hippo-YAP pathway...
2018: Journal of Immunology Research
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