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Agent orange

Mehdi Ahmadi, Farshid Ghanbari
Several efforts have been carried out to present an efficient method for PMS activation. This work presented the use of UVC-LEDs (light emitting diodes) and US (ultrasound) to activate PMS for decolorization of Direct Orange 26 (DO26). The performance of UVC-LEDs/US/PMS process was effective in a broad range of pH (3.0-9.0). Complete decolorization was obtained in only 12 min in pH = 7.0 and 1.5 mM PMS. Bicarbonate and nitrite ions showed inhibitory effect on decolorization while sulfate, chloride, and nitrate had no significant effect on the performance of the process...
December 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Roxanna Rasekhi, Danielle Babb, Chane Price
The prevalence of neuromuscular diseases and peripheral neuropathies in veterans exposed to Agent Orange (AO) is particularly high. Pharmacologic management has not been effective for these patients. Burst therapy spinal cord stimulation (SCS), recently approved for use in the United States, has had demonstrable success in both Europe and Australia. We present a patient with AO-induced peripheral neuropathy who was successfully treated with burst SCS. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing the use of burst SCS for treatment of peripheral neuropathy related to AO exposure...
November 27, 2017: A & A Case Reports
H C Morrogh-Bernard, I Foitová, Z Yeen, P Wilkin, R de Martin, L Rárová, K Doležal, W Nurcahyo, M Olšanský
Animals self-medicate using a variety of plant and arthropod secondary metabolites by either ingesting them or anointing them to their fur or skin apparently to repel ectoparasites and treat skin diseases. In this respect, much attention has been focused on primates. Direct evidence for self-medication among the great apes has been limited to Africa. Here we document self-medication in the only Asian great ape, orang-utans (Pongo pygmaeus), and for the first time, to our knowledge, the external application of an anti-inflammatory agent in animals...
November 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
Thangavelu Lakshmi, Devaraj Ezhilarasan, Rajagopal Vijayaragavan, Sukhwinder Kaur Bhullar, Ramasamy Rajendran
Oral cancer is in approximately 30% of all cancers in India. This study was conducted to evaluate the cytotoxic activity of ethanolic extract of Acacia catechu bark (ACB) against human squamous cell carcinoma cell line-25 (SCC-25). Cytotoxic effect of ACB extract was determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium Bromide assay. A. catechu extract was treated SCC-25 cells with 25 and 50 μg/mL for 24 h. Apoptosis markers such as caspases-8 and 9, bcl-2, bax, and cytochrome c (Cyt-c) were done by RT-PCR...
October 2017: Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research
Gaia Moretta, Erika V De Luca, Alessandro Di Stefani
Pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP) is a rare chronic inflammatory papulosquamous skin disease. Its clinical presentation and evolution is very variable. The most frequent clinical features are follicular papules, progressing to yellow-orange erythroderma with round small areas of normal skin and the well-demarcated palmoplantar keratoderma. Actually, six different types of PRP have been described based on clinical characteristics, age of onset, and prognosis. The pathogenesis is still unknown, and treatment can be challenging...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
P V Sri Ramya, Lalita Guntuku, Srinivas Angapelly, Chander Singh Digwal, Uppu Jaya Lakshmi, Dilep Kumar Sigalapalli, Bathini Nagendra Babu, V G M Naidu, Ahmed Kamal
With an aim to develop new curcumin inspired analogues as potent anticancer agents, we synthesized a series of (1E,4E)-1-phenyl-5-(3-phenylimidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-2-yl)penta-1,4-dien-3-ones (12a-t) as tubulin polymerization inhibitors. An initial screening was carried out to evaluate their cytotoxic potential on a panel of six cancer cell lines namely, cervical (HeLa), gastric (HGC-27), lung (NCI-H460), prostate (DU-145 and PC-3) and breast (4T1), using MTT assay. Among the compounds tested, compounds 12e, 12r and 12t showed potent growth inhibition and 12t {(1E,4E)-1-(3-(3,4-difluorophenyl)imidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-2-yl)-5-(2,4,6-trimethoxyphenyl)penta-1,4-dien-3-one} being the most active member of the series inhibited the growth of all the tested cell lines with IC50 values varying from 1...
November 5, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Pranati Srivastava, Mahendra Singh, Shilpi Bhargava
Introduction: In the present work, the method to extract, isolate, and characterize orange peel pectin using soxhlation, and thereafter, the use of this polymer-polymer in the formulation of fast dispersable and slow-releasing tablet has been studied. Thereafter, the evaluation and comparison of fast dispersible/slow-releasing tablets using orange peel pectin versus prepared using sodium starch glycolate (SSG) were carried out. Materials and Methods: In the present investigation, extraction methodology was employed for isolation of pectin from orange peels...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Josué Carvalho, Edgar Pereira, Julien Marquevielle, Maria P C Campello, Jean-Louis Mergny, António Paulo, Gilmar F Salgado, João A Queiroz, Carla Cruz
KRAS is often found mutated in lethal cancers and should be an important target for anticancer drug development. However, no effective inhibitor has been reported so far, prompting the scientific community to describe the RAS proteins as nearly "undruggable". Recent approaches developed to modulate KRAS protein expression comprises the targeting of G-quadruplex (G4) structures formed within the nuclease hypersensitive element of KRAS promoter region, by designing small and specific ligands to stabilize the tertiary fold and reduce gene expression...
November 9, 2017: Biochimie
Tian-Hang Li, Hong-Xia Yan
Malignant melanoma is the leading cause of mortality among the skin‑associated diseases because of its highly metastatic nature and lethality. The aim of the present study was to evaluate antitumor and apoptosis effects of pomolic acid, a pentacyclic triterpene, against SK‑MEL‑2 human malignant melanoma cells. Its effect on cell migration and cell cycle arrest were also studied. An MTT assay was used to assess the cell cytotoxicity effects induced by pomolic acid. Fluorescence microscopy using acridine orange/propidium iodide and Hoechst 33342 staining, along with transmission electron microscopy (TEM), was used to study the effects of pomolic acid on apoptosis induction in these cells...
November 6, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Cun Yu Zhou, Seth C Alexander, Neal K Devaraj
Investigating the many roles RNA plays in cellular regulation and function has increased demand for tools to explore RNA tracking and localization within cells. Our recently reported RNA-TAG (transglycosylation at guanine) approach uses an RNA-modifying enzyme, tRNA-guanine transglycosylase (TGT), to accomplish covalent labeling of an RNA of interest with fluorescent tracking agents in a highly selective and efficient manner. Unfortunately, labeling by this method currently suffers from a high nonspecific fluorescent background and is currently unsuitable for imaging RNA within complex cellular environments...
October 1, 2017: Chemical Science
Christopher D Nishimura, Daniel A Brenner, Malini Mukherjee, Rachel A Hirsch, Leah Ott, Meng-Fen Wu, Hao Liu, Olga Dakhova, Jordan S Orange, Malcolm K Brenner, Charles Y Lin, Caroline Arber
Adoptively transferred T cell receptor (TCR)-engineered T-cells depend on host-derived co-stimulation and cytokine signals for their full and sustained activation. However, in cancer patients both signals are frequently impaired. Hence, we developed a novel strategy that combines both essential signals in one transgene by expressing the non-lymphoid hematopoietic growth factor receptor c-MPL (myeloproliferative leukemia), the receptor for thrombopoietin (TPO), in T-cells. C-MPL signaling activates pathways shared with conventional co-stimulatory and cytokine receptor signaling...
October 27, 2017: Blood
Mahendra Pal Singh, Ki Hun Park, Sun Chul Kang
BACKGROUND: Colon cancer is the second most common cancer to cause death worldwide. About half of colon cancer patients require adjuvant therapy to control relapse following surgical resection. Therefore, abolition of tumor cell progression using an effective chemotherapeutic agent holds a feasible approach to treat patients suffering from colon cancer. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of geranylated flavonoid CJK-7, isolated from Paulownia tomentosa on HCT-116 human colon carcinoma cells...
October 26, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Mehdi Maham, Mahmoud Nasrollahzadeh, Mojtaba Bagherzadeh, Reza Akbari
Palladium nanoparticles (Pd NPs) supported on the TiO2 NPs were prepared via a green alternative process using Euphorbia thymifolia L. leaf extract as a reducing and stabilizing agent. This extract has both the reducing compounds, as phenolic acids, and stabilizing agents, as flavonols that responsible for the bioreduction of Pd2+ and stabilization of Pd NPs. The Pd/TiO2 NPs were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD)...
October 23, 2017: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Hongbo Xia, Suli Wu, Jiajie Bi, Shufen Zhang
Here a simple and effective method was explored to fabricate M/TiO2 (M = Ag, Au) composites, which required neither pre-treatment of TiO2 nor any additives as reducing agent. Using amorphous TiO2 spheres functionalized with SH groups as starting materials, the noble metallic ions (Ag, Au) can be adsorbed by TiO2 due to their special affinity with SH groups, which is beneficial to the uniform dispersion of metallic ions on the surface of TiO2. Then the adsorbed ions were reduced to form noble metal nanoparticles by heating process (95 °C) directly without additive as reduction agent...
October 23, 2017: Nanotechnology
Alireza Ebrahiminezhad, Saeed Taghizadeh, Younes Ghasemi, Aydin Berenjian
Iron based nanoparticles have gained much attention in recent years due to their unique physicochemical properties especially in the environmental remediation practices. There has been an increasing demand for new sustainable techniques for production of these nanoparticles. In the present work, a novel iron nanostructure was successfully fabricated by a facile and green approach using the aqueous extract of Mediterranean cypress (Cupressus sempervirens). In fact, nanoclusters of highly reactive ultra-small (~1...
October 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Jiaxin Lv, Qingsong Hu, Chengjin Cao, Yaping Zhao
To better know the photocatalytic performance of bismuth oxyhalides (BiOX, X = Cl, Br, I) regulated by incorporation of halides within nanostructures, BiOX nanosheets were synthesized through morphology controllable solvothermal method and characterized systematically. The organic structural property greatly influences the photocatalytic activity of BiOX: 1) as for neutral molecular phenol, BiOX shows photocatalytic activity in the order of BiOCl > BiOBr > BiOI under simulated sun light irradiation, and the photo-oxidation kinetics follow Eley-Rideal mechanism; and 2) for adsorbed anionic orange II (OII) and cationic methylene blue (MB), BiOX shows photocatalytic activity in the order of BiOCl > BiOBr > BiOI, and the photo-oxidation kinetics follow Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism...
October 1, 2017: Chemosphere
Yasin Tülüce, Pawan Tareq Ahmed Lak, İsmail Koyuncu, Ahmet Kılıç, Mustafa Durgun, Halil Özkol
Endometrial cancer (EC) is one of the most common types of gynecologic cancer of the female genital tract; it considered being the fourth leading death factor among other types of cancer. Therefore, developing new anti-cancer agents are crucial for cancer treatment. Based on the potential of Schiff based complexes for the induction of apoptosis, Schiff base compounds, and their metal complexes displayed excellent anticancer properties. In this current study, antiproliferative activity of [L(BF2)2] as a novel binuclear boron-fluoride complex was examined to preliminary research in eight different cell lines, HELA, DU-145, PC3, DLD-1, ECC-1, PNT1-A, HT-29, and MCF-7, it was found to have a potent, suppressive effect on human endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line ECC-1...
October 19, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
Wenchao Yang, Zhenhong Wu, Zachary Y Huang, Xiaoqing Miao
Orange juice is one of the most popular and the most consumed fruit juices all over the world, especially in Europe and the chemical food preservatives, such as sodium benzoate, potassium sorbate and their mixtures, have long been used in orange juice sold on the market. Excessive consumption of these preservatives may be hazardous to human health. Propolis, composed of resins collected from plant buds and exudates and mixed with salivary gland secretions and beeswax by honey bee workers, has been used as a human medicine and natural food preservative...
October 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Hong Yao, Lichun Zhou, Linlin Tang, Yanhui Guan, Shang Chen, Yu Zhang, Xiuzhen Han
Cardiomyocyte nutrient deprivation is a common clinical event that mediates various cardiac ischemic processes and is associated with autophagy activation and cell survival or death. Luteolin-7-O-glucoside (LUTG) was one of the flavonoid glycosides isolated from Dracocephalum tanguticum. Previous research had showed that LUTG pretreatment had significant protective effects against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity. However, whether LUTG could protect cardiomyocytes from starvation-induced injury was not clear...
October 16, 2017: Bioscience Trends
John D Beard, Lawrence S Engel, David B Richardson, Marilie D Gammon, Coleen Baird, David M Umbach, Kelli D Allen, Catherine L Stanwyck, Jean Keller, Dale P Sandler, Silke Schmidt, Freya Kamel
BACKGROUND: Military veterans may have higher rates of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) mortality than non-veterans. Few studies, with sparse exposure information and mixed results, have studied relationships between military-related factors and ALS survival. We evaluated associations between military-related factors and ALS survival among U.S. military veteran cases. METHODS: We followed 616 medical record-confirmed cases from enrollment (2005-2010) in the Genes and Environmental Exposures in Veterans with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis study until death or July 25, 2013, whichever came first...
2017: PloS One
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