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Ozlem Kocaturk, Sultan Keles
Background: Pediatric dental procedures are performed under anesthesia because children may be uncooperative in the dental clinic due to their young age. Emergence delirium (ED), which involves a variety of behavioral disturbances that are frequently observed in children following emergence from general anesthesia, remains an unclear phenomenon. The aim of this randomized controlled trial is to compare the incidence of ED in children who underwent full mouth dental rehabilitation under either sevoflurane (SEVO) anesthesia or propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA)...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Jacob P Brunner, Joshua M Levy, Melissa L Ada, Kiranya E Tipirneni, Henry P Barham, Gretchen M Oakley, Daniel R Cox, Bobby D Nossaman, Edward D McCoul
BACKGROUND: Total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) has been proposed as a method to reduce blood loss during endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Impaired sinonasal visualization due to mucosal bleeding may be burdensome in cases of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with high-grade inflammatory disease, suggesting a role for TIVA in that disease subgroup. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized controlled trial was conducted of adults undergoing ESS at a tertiary medical center...
July 6, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Yuan Tian, Bing Bai, Jiao Zhang, Hong Li
Objective To compare the difference in perioperative management for patients with or without autism spectrum disorders(ASD) undergoing general anesthesia. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 10 ASD patients(case group) and 10 non-ASD patients(control group) undergoing general anesthesia from January 2013 to February 2018. Both groups were matched by age,gender,and surgical procedures. The induction mode,premedication patterns,narcotic drugs,time to wake up,post-anesthesia care unit(PACU) stay,and perioperative vital signs were compared...
June 28, 2018: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
Elżbieta Wojarska-Tręda, Krzysztof Olejnik, Zoran Stojcev, Szymon Białka, Hanna Misiołek
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare hormonal stress responses (changes in adrenaline, noradrenaline and cortisol concentrations) to surgical injury during total intravenous propofol anesthesia and volatile anesthesia with sevoflurane in patients subjected to anterior resection of the rectum. METHODS: The prospective randomized study included 61 patients qualified for anterior resection of the rectum. The subjects were randomized into two groups, based on the type of anesthesia: 1) Group I (TIVA, n=31), administered total intravenous propofol anesthesia, and 2) Group II (VIMA, n=30), administered volatile induction and maintenance sevoflurane anesthesia...
June 28, 2018: Endokrynologia Polska
Caroline Eden, Gary Esses, Daniel Katz, Samuel DeMaria
This narrative review will summarize our current understanding of the effects of perioperative interventions on patients undergoing surgical removal of breast malignancies. It will focus on how different anesthetic agents and perioperative interventions might affect both breast cancer behavior and/or tumor recurrence as well as postoperative recovery. The main objective of this study will be to describe the evidence and critically analyze preclinical and clinical studies on the use of intravenous versus inhaled anesthetic agents, opioids, regional anesthetics, and anesthetic adjuncts in patients undergoing breast cancer resection...
June 2018: Surgical Oncology
Turi K Aarnes, Phillip Lerche, Richard M Bednarski, John A E Hubbell
This study evaluated use of midazolam, ketamine, and xylazine (MKX) for total intravenous (IV) anesthesia (TIVA) in horses. Medical records of 46 horses undergoing a clinical procedure using MKX for TIVA were reviewed. Age, breed, procedure, heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), pre-anesthetic drugs, induction drugs, and total volume of MKX were recorded. Duration of anesthesia, time to standing, number of attempts to stand, and recovery score were also recorded. All horses were premedicated with an alpha-2 adrenoceptor agonist and anesthesia was induced with ketamine and midazolam...
May 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Ayca Dumanli Ozcan, Aysun Ersen Yungul, Togay Muderris, Hulya Kasikara, Helin Sahinturk, Orhan Kanbak, Abdulkadir But
Background: The middle ear is an air-filled lacuna in the temporal bone. Inhaled anesthetic agents increase the pressure of this lacuna. Therefore, attention must be paid in choosing not only anesthetic agents but also anesthetic method. Aim: This study compared the effects of high-flow total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and low- and high-flow desflurane anesthesia on middle ear pressure. Study Design: Randomized prospective double-blind study...
2018: BioMed Research International
Srikantha L Rao, Niraja Rajan
The number of anesthetics for both simple diagnostic and complex therapeutic procedures being performed in non-operating room locations (NORA) in dedicated Interventional Pulmonology Suites have been increasing in the past few years. Anesthesiologists must be familiar with the demands necessitated by the procedures performed by the interventionists and tailor the anesthetic to create a still field while carefully considering the patient's altered pharmacokinetics and reduced cardiopulmonary function and choose a technique that allows prompt recovery and early discharge in these patients, many of whom are elderly and frail...
May 14, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
Tak Kyu Oh, Kwhanmien Kim, Sanghoon Jheon, Jaebong Lee, Sang-Hwan Do, Jung-Won Hwang, In-Ae Song
Propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) has been reported to improve long-term outcome following cancer surgery, when compared with inhalation agents. However, such investigational reports are still controversial, and no studies have been conducted in relation to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) surgery. The present study aimed to compare the favorable effects of TIVA versus inhalation agents on recurrence-free survival and overall survival after curative resection of NSCLC. This retrospective cohort study examined medical records of the patients who were diagnosed with NSCLC and underwent curative resection at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital from August 2003 to July 2012...
January 2018: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
Vasanth Sukumar, Arathi Radhakrishnan, Venkatesh H Keshavan
Background and Aims: Sound knowledge about effect site concentration (Ce) of propofol aids in smooth induction, maintenance and early recovery. We studied the correlation between Ce of propofol at loss of response to verbal command and recovery concentration using target-controlled infusion (TCI) in Indian patients who underwent spine surgeries. Methods: Ninety patients undergoing spine surgeries were included. Total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) technique with TCI for propofol using modified Marsh model was used...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
G T C Wong, S W Choi, D H Tran, H Kulkarni, M G Irwin
The purpose of this study was to evaluate factors influencing the use of propofol-based total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA)since despite TIVA being a well-established technique, it is used far less frequently than volatile anaesthesia. Questions were formulated after reviewing the literature for perceived disadvantages of TIVA and meeting with a focus group consisting of both senior and junior anaesthestists from our department. Once the survey had been formulated, specialist anaesthetists from professional colleges and societies from several countries were invited to complete the survey on an electronic web-based platform to allow evaluation of the respondent's rating of the importance of a range of factors in their decision not to use TIVA for a particular case...
May 2018: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Derek M Klavas, Azim Karim, Bradley S Lambert, Marley Sam Ferris, Domenica Delgado, Stephen J Incavo
INTRODUCTION: Our study assessed the effect of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with short-acting spinal anesthesia and aggressive day-of-surgery postoperative day 0 physical therapy (POD#0 PT) on hospital length of stay (LOS) in patients who underwent primary total joint arthroplasty. METHODS: A retrospective chart review compared the hospital LOS of 116 patients who underwent primary total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty with TIVA and short-acting spinal blockade ("Updated protocol group") with that of the control group of 228 patients who were under standard anesthesia ("Traditional protocol group")...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
J Mu, T Jiang, X B Xu, V M Yuen, M G Irwin
BACKGROUND: One major criticism of prolonged propofol-based total i.v. anaesthesia (TIVA) in children is the prolonged recovery time. As target-controlled infusion (TCI) obviates the need to manually calculate the infusion rate, the use of TCI may better match clinical requirements, reduce propofol dose, and shorten recovery time. METHODS: Children of ASA grade 1, aged 1-12 yr, were recruited and randomly assigned to TCI or manual infusion. Children in the TCI group had propofol delivered by TCI...
May 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Gagandeep Kaur, Mamta Sharma, Poonam Kalra, Shobha Purohit, Kanchan Chauhan
Background: Intraocular pressure (IOP) is increased during laparoscopic surgery with Trendelenburg position and may contribute to deleterious effects on optic nerve in susceptible patients. Aims: The primary objective of this study is to compare the effects of propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with those of sevoflurane anesthesia on IOP in patients undergoing lower abdominal laparoscopic surgery in Trendelenburg position. Secondary objectives are to compare hemodynamic changes, mean arterial pressure (MAP), end-tidal CO2 , and peak inspiratory pressure changes...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Min P Kim, Edward Y Chan, Leonora M Meisenbach, Razvan Dumitru, Jessica K Brown, Faisal N Masud
Background: There is large prescription drug epidemic in United States. We want to determine if ERATS (enhanced recovery after thoracic surgery) program can reduce discharge on highly dependent narcotics. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on patients who underwent lung resection and foregut procedures on thoracic surgery service over an 8-month time period. Patients underwent preoperative conditioning instructions, multimodal non-narcotic pharmaceutical usage, total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and minimizing highly addictive narcotics during the post-operative period...
February 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Katarzyna Szostakiewicz, Zbigniew Rybicki, Dariusz Tomaszewski
BACKGROUND: Clinical monitoring is the most common method of adjusting the appropriate level of general anesthesia. However, episodes of intraoperative awareness (AWR) are still reported, suggesting that clinical observations may not be sufficient in some cases. The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of clinical and instrumental neuromonitoring with auditory evoked potentials (AEP) in an intraoperative analysis of the proper level of general anesthesia. METHODS: Patients scheduled for elective surgery were randomly divided into two groups...
March 21, 2018: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
Xiaoyu Zheng, Yu Wang, Linlin Dong, Su Zhao, Liping Wang, Hong Chen, Yang Xu, Guonian Wang
Background: Several kinds of cancer surgeries with propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) have been shown to have better outcomes than those with sevoflurane-based inhalational anesthesia (INHA). However, the effects of this anesthetic technique have not been investigated in patients with gastric cancer. In this study, the authors retrospectively examined the link between the choice of anesthetic technique and overall survival in patients undergoing gastric cancer resection...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
R Bustamante, D Aguado, R Cediel, I A Gómez de Segura, S Canfrán
The aim of this study was to compare the effects on mean arterial pressure (MAP) and ventilation of propofol total IV anaesthesia (TIVA) and isoflurane as anaesthetic maintenance in healthy dogs undergoing orthopaedic surgery, with epidural anaesthesia. Dogs were premedicated IM with dexmedetomidine (4μg/kg) and methadone (0.3mg/kg), induced with IV propofol (0.65-5mg/kg) and randomly assigned to be maintained with isoflurane (group I) or propofol (group P). Isoflurane end-tidal concentration (EtISO) and propofol infusion rate were adjusted during the surgery to maintain a suitable anaesthetic depth...
March 2018: Veterinary Journal
Mai Louise Grandsgaard Mikkelsen, Rikard Ambrus, Rune Rasmussen, James Edward Miles, Helle Harding Poulsen, Finn Borgbjerg Moltke, Thomas Eriksen
BACKGROUND: Vasopressors are frequently used to increase blood pressure in order to ensure sufficient cerebral perfusion and oxygenation (CPO) during hypotensive periods in anaesthetized patients. Efficacy depends both on the vasopressor and anaesthetic protocol used. Propofol-remifentanil total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) is common in human anaesthesia, and dexmedetomidine is increasingly used as adjuvant to facilitate better haemodynamic stability and analgesia. Little is known of its interaction with vasopressors and subsequent effects on CPO...
February 8, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Dionne Okafor, Alan David Kaye, Rachel J Kaye, Richard D Urman
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) can be very debilitating for surgical patients, and effective management reduces potential morbidity, aiding in patient satisfaction, and minimizing the need for unintended hospital stays. Risk factors include female sex, nonsmoker, and having a previous history of motion sickness or PONV. Anesthetic risk factors include receiving opioids, not receiving a total intravenous anesthetic (TIVA), exposure to nitrous oxide, and extended length of anesthetic. Many treatments, including serotonin antagonists, dopamine antagonists, corticosteroids, inhaled isopropyl alcohol, and anticholinergics, as well as techniques such as TIVA, have been utilized over recent decades in an attempt to reduce PONV incidence...
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
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