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acne psychiatric

Dilek Unal, Nazan Emiroğlu, Fatma Pelin Cengiz
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a visible skin disease commonly seen in adolescence. As it affects the appearance, it is likely to bring stress to the adolescent's life regarding sensitivity about their appearance. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the social anxiety level, acne-specific life quality, and self-esteem among adolescents with acne vulgaris. In addition, we evaluated the relationship between these parameters, clinical severity, and sociodemographic data...
August 5, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
David Veale, Lucinda J Gledhill, Polyxeni Christodoulou, John Hodsoll
Our aim was to systematically review the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in a variety of settings. Weighted prevalence estimate and 95% confidence intervals in each study were calculated. The weighted prevalence of BDD in adults in the community was estimated to be 1.9%; in adolescents 2.2%; in student populations 3.3%; in adult psychiatric inpatients 7.4%; in adolescent psychiatric inpatients 7.4%; in adult psychiatric outpatients 5.8%; in general cosmetic surgery 13.2%; in rhinoplasty surgery 20...
September 2016: Body Image
E A Kouotou, H Adegbidi, R Bene Belembe, I Sieleunou, J R Nansseu, J-P Kamga, E C Ndjitoyap Ndam
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The impact of acne upon quality of life (QOL) among affected patients had not previously been investigated in Cameroon. The present study therefore sought to assess the QOL of patients with acne and related psychiatric comorbidities in this country. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in three hospitals in Yaoundé, Cameroon. We included patients diagnosed with acne after a consultation with a dermatologist, and who consented to participate in the study...
October 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
S Tugnoli, V Bettoli, C Agnoli, S Caracciolo
Hidradenitis Suppurative-Acne Inversa is one of the most debilitating chronic skin diseases. It seriously affects the emotional and relational life of the patient, it has a significant psychiatric comorbidity and it impairs the quality of life. We present the report of a clinical situation with onset of the illness in a young woman during pregnancy, a case characterized by particular evolution, severe systemic involvement, strong psycho-emotional impact on the patient and impairment of subjective well-being of the caregiver...
May 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
Karakula-Juchnowicz Hanna, Kowal-Popczak Agnieszka, Dzikowski Michal, Juchnowicz Dariusz, Dzikowska Izabela, Makarewicz Agata, Dubas-Slemp Halina
OBJECTIVE: To analyse cases of 9 patients (18-27 yo) who were consequently admitted to our department and treated with affective disorders (AD) while undergoing isotretinoin (INN) therapy. METHODS: A semi-structured questionnaire designed by the authors was used to analyse many variables related to demographic characteristics, dermatologic and psychiatrics symptoms, AD course and treatment, family history of mental disorders, building on medical histories of patients and their families, and available medical records...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Bella Suarez, Ana Serrano, Yves Cova, Trino Baptista
AIM: To investigate the frequency and severity of depression and/or anxiety in isotretinoin (ITT)-treated subjects and in a non-ITT control group. METHODS: Sixty consecutively-admitted non-psychiatric outpatients with acne were assigned to either ITT at a fixed dose of 30 mg/d (n = 36) or "other treatment" group (OT; n = 24). The Zung depression or anxiety scales (with cut-off points), two locally developed scales for depression (GeDepr) and anxiety (Ansilet) (without cut-off points) and clinical global impression scales of acne severity were administered at baseline and at weeks 6 and 12 of treatment...
March 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
Jisha M Lucca, Niphy Annie Varghese, Madhan Ramesh, Dushad Ram
Isotretinoin, an oral vitamin A derivative, used to treat severe treatment-resistant acne. Psychiatric side effects of isotretinoin particularly depression and suicidal thoughts have been well documented. We report a case of isotretinoin-induced manic psychosis in a young female without a family history and history of mental illness.
January 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Andac Salman, Emel Kurt, Volkan Topcuoglu, Zeynep Demircay
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo and acne vulgaris, commonly affecting the face, have significant psychological effects and impair the quality of life of the affected individuals. Because of their negative effect on physical appearance, these conditions may act as a potential barrier to social relationships and cause social anxiety. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate the social anxiety, quality of life, anxiety, and depression levels of acne and vitiligo patients with facial involvement and compare these levels with healthy controls...
June 2016: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
Ann Genovese, Teri Smith, Holly Kramer, Marilyn Augustyn
Beth, whom you have cared for in your primary care practice since she was born, is a 15-year-old adolescent girl with no prior psychiatric history who developed significant symptoms of clinical depression, associated with self-injurious behavior (cutting on wrists, arms, and thighs). She denied any known precipitant for her depression.She is a ninth grade honors student in the gifted program at a local high school and is described as a talented musician, playing multiple musical instruments as well as soccer and basketball...
January 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Sandeep Krishna Murthy Kosaraju, Karumuri Siva Rami Reddy, Naresh Vadlamani, Lakkireddy Sandhya, Lokesh Kalasapati, Sowmya Maganti, Amudha Mary
BACKGROUND: Dermatological conditions have an impact on psychology of the patients. There is a dearth of studies regarding this field in Rural population of India. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the psychiatric morbidity in patients affected with Dermatological condition in a rural population and secondary objective is to assess the morbidity in dimensions of Depression Severity and the quality of life in the Emotional Sphere, Physical Symptoms, Psychosocial Functioning...
November 2015: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Tuba Ocek, Ayse Sakalli Kani, Alper Baş, Murat Yalcin, Senol Turan, Murat Emul, Mohammad Jafferany
OBJECTIVE: Approximately, 1 in 3 patients in dermatology settings has psychiatric comorbidity. Thus, we conducted a survey in Turkey to explore the awareness, knowledge, practicing patterns, and attitudes of dermatologists toward psychocutaneous disorders. METHOD: The questionnaire-based study was performed from March 1, 2013, to May 20, 2013. Study participants included 115 dermatologists. The questionnaire consisted of 9 multiple-choice questions and 2 open-ended questions...
2015: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Timothy H Schmidt, Kanade Shinkai
Hirsutism, acne, and androgenetic alopecia are classically considered signs of cutaneous hyperandrogenism (CHA). These common skin findings have significant impacts on the quality of patients' lives and pose the diagnostic challenge of excluding underlying disorders. Many with CHA have normal serum androgen levels. Hirsutism is more strongly associated with hyperandrogenism than are acne or androgenetic alopecia. Variable association of CHA with hyperandrogenemia results from the complexity of the underlying pathophysiology, including factors local to the pilosebaceous unit...
October 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Maude Ludot, Stephane Mouchabac, Florian Ferreri
Isotretinoin (Accutane) is a treatment for severe acne that is resistant to other forms of treatment, including antibiotics and topical treatments. The prescription of this drug has been controversial ever since its initial marketing in 1982. It is the only non-psychotropic drug in the Food and Drug Administration top 10 drugs found to be associated with depression. Recently, Bremner et al published an extensive review (until 2010) of the evidence for the association of retinoic acid (RA) with depression and suicide...
June 22, 2015: World Journal of Psychiatry
Seval Dogruk Kacar, Pinar Ozuguz, Erman Bagcioglu, Kerem Senol Coskun, Serap Polat, Semsettin Karaca, Omer Ozbulut
BACKGROUND: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a psychiatric condition in which a disabling preoccupation with a non-existent or slight defect in appearance is the main symptom. Hair concerns are frequent in patients with BDD. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of BDD among patients with complaints of hair loss. METHODS: A validated BDD questionnaire (BDDQ) was administered to 150 patients with complaints of hair loss and 150 control subjects who were selected from among general dermatology (GD) patients...
April 2016: International Journal of Dermatology
Daniel Carrasco, Michael Stecher, Gigi Claire Lefebvre, Alan C Logan, Ronald Moy
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a common inflammatory skin disorder. There remain few rapid, safe, and effective therapy options for patients with moderate to severe acne vulgaris that also address psychological comorbidities such as anxiety. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of interleukin 1 alpha blockade in patients with moderate to severe acne vulgaris using the true human monoclonal antibody MABp1. METHODS: Eleven patients were administered open-label, subcutaneous injections of MABp1 over a six-week period...
June 2015: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
N Tsintsadze, L Beridze, N Tsintsadze, Y Krichun, N Tsivadze, M Tsintsadze
The aim of our study was to find out the magnitude of anxiety and depression in our common dermatological patients and its correlation with age, sex. For this purpose, we used Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale HADS. The psychometric validity of HADS has been established by validating the questionnaire against the structured psychiatric interviews. A study of anxiety and depression in patients with dermatologic diseases was conducted on the basis of outpatients department in 211 patients with dermatologic diseases; among them were 107 male and 104 female, aged 16 to 75 years...
June 2015: Georgian Medical News
Yu-Ping Zhang, Yao Gong, Qing Yu Zeng, Zhi-Duo Hou, Zheng-Yu Xiao
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the risk of adverse events and effects on bone mineral density (BMD), blood lipid and glucose levels and body mass index (BMI) of low-dose glucocorticoid (GC) treatment in ankylosing spondylitis. DESIGN: We performed a retrospective, observational cohort study. Adverse effects were compared between GC users and non-GC users, and we analysed differences in the duration of GC exposure (no GC exposure, <6 months, 6 months to 2 years and >2 years)...
2015: BMJ Open
Izabela A Galdyn, Jeremy Chidester, Mark C Martin
Many mental and emotional disorders have some variations of physical manifestations that are often the first definitive sign of disease. One such disorder is excoriation (skin-picking) disorder, also known as dermatillomania, acne excoriée, neurotic excoriation, or psychogenic excoriation. First identified in the dermatologic literature in 1920, excoriation disorder involves repetitive scratching behavior that sometimes accompanies pruritus and is often associated with depression, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive disorder...
May 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
C Pagliarello, C Di Pietro, S Tabolli
AIM: Acne adversely affects all aspects of quality of life (QoL). Although many papers assessed acne-specific QoL impairment, there are few data on its impact on general health and psychological status. Apart from acne severity, little is known about determinants of a worse QoL. The aims of this paper were to measure acne impact on QoL, health and psychological status and to analyze the relationship between socio-demographic variables, disease severity and mental status on QoL of acne sufferers...
June 2015: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
O Revol, N Milliez, D Gerard
The psychological consequences of acne have been the subject of many studies. As a particularly visible skin disorder, acne complicates the daily lives of adolescents who are undergoing multiple transformations: physical, intellectual and emotional. While it is well established that acne can be responsible for depression and low self-esteem, it is likely that this impact is aggravated by the sociological evolution of adolescents in the 21st century. Understanding the codes of adolescents today (who can be characterized as being more concerned by their appearance than previous generations at the same age) allows us to optimize our medical approach to acne and facilitates treatment compliance and adherence...
July 2015: British Journal of Dermatology
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