keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Shingles

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771876/quickstats-percentage-of-adults-aged-%C3%A2-60-years-who-ever-had-the-shingles-vaccine-by-sex-national-health-interview-survey-2008-2016-%C3%A2
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743372/-breadth-and-functionality-of-varicella-zoster-virus-glycoprotein-specific-antibodies-identified-after-zostavax-vaccination-in-humans
#2
Nicole L Sullivan, Morgan A Reuter-Monslow, Janet Sei, Eberhard Durr, Carl W Davis, Cathy Chang, Megan McCausland, Andreas Wieland, David Krah, Nadine Rouphael, Aneesh K Mehta, Mark J Mulligan, Bali Pulendran, Rafi Ahmed, Kalpit A Vora
Herpes zoster (HZ/shingles) is the clinical manifestation of varicella zoster virus (VZV) reactivation. HZ typically develops as people age due to decreased cell-mediated immunity. However, the importance of antibodies for immunity against HZ prevention remains to be understood. The goal of this study was to examine the breadth and functionality of VZV-specific antibodies after vaccination with a live attenuated HZ vaccine (Zostavax). Direct enumeration of VZV-specific antibody secreting cells (ASC) via ELISPOT showed that Zostavax can induce both IgG and IgA ASCs seven days after vaccination, but not IgM ASCs...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733991/varicella-zoster-virus-infection-and-osteomyelitis-of-the-skull-a-case-report
#3
Taylor Sommer, Michael Karsy, Meghan J Driscoll, Randy L Jensen
BACKGROUND: Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is a common herpesvirus infection that can result in acute varicella/chickenpox as well as delayed activation in herpes zoster/shingles. Ramsay-Hunt syndrome is a rare presentation of VZV reactivation, involving 1% of cases and resulting in lesion formation along the 7th cranial nerve distribution. We report the first case of a patient who presented with acute calvarial osteomyelitis after VZV reactivation and Propionibacterium acnes suprainfection...
May 4, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730833/assessing-and-improving-zoster-vaccine-uptake-in-a-homeless-population
#4
Laura Kaplan-Weisman, Eve Waltermaurer, Casey Crump
The herpes zoster (shingles) vaccine is recommended for all adults aged ≥ 60 years without contraindications to prevent shingles and post-herpetic neuralgia. There are no published studies on zoster vaccination rates, barriers, or workflows in adults who have experienced homelessness. Due to barriers specific to this vaccine, including difficulty determining insurance coverage, high upfront costs, need for storage in a freezer, and under-prescription by physicians, uptake is lower compared to other recommended vaccines for older adults...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720364/monitoring-interest-in-herpes-zoster-vaccination-analysis-of-google-search-data
#5
Elyse J Berlinberg, Michael S Deiner, Travis C Porco, Nisha R Acharya
BACKGROUND: A new recombinant subunit vaccine for herpes zoster (HZ or shingles) was approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration on October 20, 2017 and is expected to replace the previous live attenuated vaccine. There have been low coverage rates with the live attenuated vaccine (Zostavax), ranging from 12-32% of eligible patients receiving the HZ vaccine. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide insight into trends and potential reasons for interest in HZ vaccination...
May 2, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717486/heightened-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-following-recent-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus
#6
Charles Grose
Strokes and stroke-related deaths are increasing around the world1 . Stroke is not a single entity. Stroke can be divided into two major groups: Ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke. The majority of strokes are ischemic. Ischemic stroke is caused by a blocked blood vessel and hemorrhagic stroke is caused by a ruptured blood vessel. Ischemic stroke often requires an inflammatory process in a cerebral artery, which in turn leads to formation of a blood clot. The goal of this Commentary is to document increasing evidence that herpes zoster (shingles) can lead to stroke...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707592/varicella-pneumonia-case-report-and-review-of-a-potentially-lethal-complication-of-a-common-disease
#7
John T Denny, Zoe M Rocke, Valerie A McRae, Julia E Denny, Christine Hunter Fratzola, Sajjad Ibrar, Joyce Bonitz, James T Tse, Shaul Cohen, Scott J Mellender, Geza K Kiss
Varicella zoster virus causes varicella (chickenpox). It can be reactivated endogenously many years later to cause herpes zoster (shingles). Although varicella is usually a benign disease in healthy children, it resulted in over 11 000 hospitalizations and over 100 deaths every year, in all ages, in the United States. Morbidity was considerably worse in older teenagers and adults. Between 5% and 15% of cases of adult chickenpox will produce some form of pulmonary illness. Progression to pneumonia risk factors include pregnancy, age, smoking, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and immunosuppression...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702988/enteritis-as-initial-manifestation-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-early-pregnancy-a-case-report
#8
Anna Maria Bellou, Dominik Bös, Guido Kukuk, Ulrich Gembruch, Waltraut Maria Merz
RATIONAL: Lupus enteritis is a rare, severe complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We report of a patient who presented with enteritis as manifestation of new-onset SLE during the first trimester of pregnancy. PATIENTS CONCERNS: The 23-year nulliparous patient was admitted to a district hospital with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and bloody diarrhea at a gestational age (GA) of 10 weeks. Her symptoms improved with symptomatic treatment and she was discharged a few days later...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653205/varicella-zoster-virus-reactivation-in-adult-survivors-of-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-how-do-we-best-protect-our-patients
#9
REVIEW
Catherine J Lee, Bipin N Savani, Per Ljungman
Reactivation of varicella zoster virus (VZV) remains a significant public health burden for long-term survivors of hematopoietic cell transplantation. Delayed immune reconstitution after transplantation due to immunosuppression, posttransplant therapies, poor engraftment, and graft-versus-host disease leave a large number of patients at risk for herpes zoster (shingles) and its highly morbid complications. Although prophylaxis with acyclovir or valacyclovir has reduced the incidence of VZV reactivation as long as prophylaxis is continued, the incidence of disease in the late posttransplant period or after stopping prophylaxis is greater in the HCT population than the general public...
April 10, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602095/viral-load-and-antibody-boosting-following-herpes-zoster-diagnosis
#10
Charlotte Warren-Gash, Harriet Forbes, Peter Maple, Mark Quinlivan, Judith Breuer
BACKGROUND: Acute varicella zoster virus (VZV) replication in shingles is accompanied by VZV antibody boosting. It is unclear whether persisting virus shedding affects antibody levels. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between VZV viral load and antibody titres in shingles patients during six months following diagnosis and assess whether VZV antibody titre could discriminate patients with recent shingles from healthy population controls. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study of 63 patients with active zoster...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593042/vzv-orf63-protects-human-neuronal-and-keratinocyte-cell-lines-from-apoptosis-and-changes-its-localization-upon-apoptosis-induction
#11
Chelsea Gerada, Megan Steain, Brian P McSharry, Barry Slobedman, Allison Abendroth
There are many facets of varicella zoster virus (VZV) pathogenesis that are not fully understood, such as the mechanisms involved in the establishment of lifelong latency, reactivation and development of serious conditions such as post herpetic neuralgia (PHN). Virus-encoded modulation of apoptosis has been suggested to play an important role in these processes. VZV open reading frame (ORF) 63 has been shown to modulate apoptosis in a cell type specific manner, but the impact of ORF63 on cell death pathways has not been examined in isolation, in the context of human cells...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580194/post-licensure-safety-surveillance-of-zoster-vaccine-live-zostavax%C3%A2-in-the-united-states-vaccine-adverse-event-reporting-system-vaers-2006-2015
#12
Elaine R Miller, Paige Lewis, Tom T Shimabukuro, John Su, Pedro Moro, Emily Jane Woo, Christopher Jankosky, Maria Cano
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster (HZ), or shingles, is caused by reactivation of varicella-zoster virus in latently infected individuals. Live-attenuated HZ vaccine (zoster vaccine live, ZVL) is approved in the United States for persons aged ≥50 years and recommended by the CDC for persons ≥60 years. METHODS: We analyzed U.S. reports of adverse events (AEs) following ZVL submitted to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), a spontaneous reporting system to monitor vaccine safety, for persons vaccinated May 1, 2006, through January 31, 2015...
March 26, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565203/management-of-herpes-zoster-shingles-during-pregnancy
#13
Khalea Hayward, Abigail Cline, Angela Stephens, Linda Street
An infection with the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) causes both varicella and herpes zoster (HZ). Although rare, the development of HZ does occur during pregnancy. Maternal HZ does not result in increased foetal mortality, and the passage of VZV to the foetus rarely occurs. However, HZ does increase maternal morbidity. Upon infection with HZ, patients typically present with a viral prodrome preceding the appearance of the characteristic zoster rash. HZ is usually diagnosed clinically by the zoster rash, but can also be confirmed by a polymerase chain reaction and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563516/a-spliced-latency-associated-vzv-transcript-maps-antisense-to-the-viral-transactivator-gene-61
#14
Daniel P Depledge, Werner J D Ouwendijk, Tomohiko Sadaoka, Shirley E Braspenning, Yasuko Mori, Randall J Cohrs, Georges M G M Verjans, Judith Breuer
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV), an alphaherpesvirus, establishes lifelong latent infection in the neurons of >90% humans worldwide, reactivating in one-third to cause shingles, debilitating pain and stroke. How VZV maintains latency remains unclear. Here, using ultra-deep virus-enriched RNA sequencing of latently infected human trigeminal ganglia (TG), we demonstrate the consistent expression of a spliced VZV mRNA, antisense to VZV open reading frame 61 (ORF61). The spliced VZV latency-associated transcript (VLT) is expressed in human TG neurons and encodes a protein with late kinetics in productively infected cells in vitro and in shingles skin lesions...
March 21, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563125/sequential-retinal-necrosis-secondary-to-varicella-zoster-in-unrecognised-long-standing-hiv-infection-patient-safety-report
#15
Brigid Ky Ning, Simon P Kelly, Celia Chu, Emile Morgan
A retired woman with left ophthalmic shingles of over 2 years' duration attended with bilateral vision loss and systemic upset. Acute retinal necrosis with detachment was detected on right fundus examination. Cataract in left eye precluded funduscopy. Ocular ultrasonography revealed fibrotic retinal detachment in the left eye. MRI brain and orbits also showed signals of retinal detachment. No abnormal MRI signal within the optic nerve or brain was found. Varicella zoster virus was detected in ocular aqueous and blood samples...
March 21, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548545/a-new-more-effective-vaccine-to-prevent-shingles
#16
William Simonson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528885/acute-retinal-necrosis-and-contralateral-cutaneous-eruption-after-the-shingles-vaccine
#17
Amro Ali, Malka Davina Kirschenbaum, Sansar Sharma, Thaddeus L Wandel
PURPOSE: To the best of our knowledge, we present a rare case report describing an occurrence of acute retinal necrosis in an otherwise healthy individual who received the shingles vaccine. METHODS: Observational case report. PATIENT: A 63-year-old healthy and immunocompetent white man presented with change of vision in the left eye after blunt trauma. A diagnosis of corneal abrasion was made. During follow-up, a detailed history discovered a progressive deterioration in vision over the past few weeks...
March 8, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512282/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-phase-i-trial-of-live-attenuated-herpes-zoster-vaccine-in-subjects-with-end-stage-renal-disease-immunized-prior-to-renal-transplantation
#18
Geraldine Miller, Heidi Schaefer, Sandra Yoder, Rachel Miller, Patricia Winokur, Karen Kotloff, David Klassen, Michael Wierzbicki, Cyrille Amegashie, Kathryn Edwards
BACKGROUND: Solid organ transplant recipients are at increased risk for reactivation of herpes zoster, or shingles, and have a higher frequency of serious complications including post-herpetic neuralgia. A live, attenuated shingles vaccine is effective and approved for individuals 50 years and older. The vaccine is contraindicated following transplantation, but may be used in patients with renal failure. Utilization of the vaccine has been poor in patients with end-stage renal disease, including those awaiting transplant, owing to concerns for safety, efficacy, and potential sensitization prior to transplant...
March 7, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509821/practice-alert-acip-vaccine-update
#19
Doug Campos-Outcalt
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices made relatively few new vaccine recommendations in 2017. One pertained to prevention of hepatitis B virus infection in infants born to HBV-infected mothers. Another recommended a new vaccine to prevent shingles. A third advised considering an additional dose of mumps vaccine during an outbreak.
March 2018: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503961/shingles-as-the-underlying-cause-of-orbital-myositis-in-an-adolescent-a-case-report
#20
Christopher D Conrady, Richard M Feist, Alison Crum
Purpose: Orbital myositis is characterized by pain with eye movements, gaze restriction, diplopia, and enlargement of extraocular muscles on imaging. Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is an extremely rare cause of the disease in the elderly and has never been reported in a patient younger than forty-five years old such as the adolescent described herein. We present this case to raise awareness of an entity that will likely become more prevalent due to current vaccine strategies. Observation: We present the case of a 13-year-old girl with VZV-associated orbital myositis and meningitis that had a quick and complete recovery following IV acyclovir and oral steroids...
April 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
keyword
keyword
10088
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"