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P Bóveda, M C Esteso, C Castaño, A Toledano-Díaz, A López-Sebastián, A Muñiz, P Prieto, O Mejía, R Ungerfeld, J Santiago-Moreno
This study examines the effectiveness of two methods for cryopreserving post-mortem epididymal sperm - conventional slow freezing employing a short equilibration time with glycerol, and ultra-rapid freezing - from the wild ruminant species Ovis musimon (mouflon) and Dama dama (fallow deer). A Tris-citric acid-glucose (TCG) + 12% egg yolk-based medium was used for the conventional slow freezing of the fallow deer sperm, whereas a Tes-Tris-glucose (TEST) + 6% egg yolk-based medium was used for the mouflon sperm...
March 8, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Jessica L H Walters, Geoffry N De Iuliis, Matthew D Dun, Robert John Aitken, Eileen A McLaughlin, Brett Nixon, Elizabeth G Bromfield
One of the leading causes of male infertility is defective sperm function, a pathology that commonly arises from oxidative stress in the germline. Lipid peroxidation events in the sperm plasma membrane result in the generation of cytotoxic aldehydes such as 4-hydroxynonenal (4HNE), which accentuate the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cause cellular damage. One of the key enzymes involved in the metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids to 4HNE in somatic cells is arachidonate 15-lipoxygenase (ALOX15)...
March 13, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
Jin-Chun Lu, Jun Jing, Li Chen, Yi-Feng Ge, Rui-Xiang Feng, Yuan-Jiao Liang, Bing Yao
BACKGROUND: Many factors may lead to sperm DNA damage. However, it is little known that the correlations of sperm DNA damage with obesity-associated markers, and reproductive hormones and lipids levels in serum and seminal plasma. METHODS: In our prospective study, a total of 1 010 subfertile men, aged from 18 to 50 years old, were enrolled from August 2012 through June 2015. Their obesity-associated markers, semen parameters, sperm acrosomal enzyme activity, seminal plasma biochemical markers, and reproductive hormones and lipids levels in serum and seminal plasma were detected...
March 14, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
Daniel Alejandro Peñalva, Silvia Antollini, Ernesto Ambroggio, Marta I Aveldaño, Maria Laura Fanani
In rat sperm head, sphingomyelin (SM) species that contain very long chain PUFA (V-SM) become ceramides (V-Cer) after inducing in vitro the acrosomal reaction. The reason for such a specific location of this conversion, catalysed by a sphingomyelinase (SMase), has received little investigation so far. Here, the effects of SMase were compared in unilamellar vesicles (LUVs, GUVs) containing phosphatidylcholine and either V-SM or a palmitate-rich SM (P-SM). In uniformly sized LUVs at 37 °C, more V-Cer was generated, and more rapidly, than P-Cer...
March 15, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Clara Malo, Elizabeth G Crichton, Jane M Morrell, Budhan S Pukazhenthi, Anders Johannisson, Rebecca Splan, Julian A Skidmore
Colloids have been successfully used in a number of species to improve sperm populations for IVF and for cryopreservation The usefulness of Single Layer Centrifugation (SLC) for freezing dromedary camel spermatozoa in two different extenders was evaluated by examining the motility, viability, acrosome status, DNA integrity, and ability of cryopreserved sperm to penetrate oocytes in vitro in a heterologus IVF system. Two ejaculates from each of five males were divided into four aliquots: two were processed by SLC (selected) while two were centrifuged without colloid (control)...
February 12, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
S O Osawe, E O Farombi
Certain dietary flavonoids exhibit protective potentials against drug-induced male reproductive toxicities. We investigated the protective effects of quercetin and rutin on sulphasalazine-induced alterations in steroidogenic enzyme activity, hormone profile and spermiotoxicity in rats. Sulphasalazine (SASP, 600 mg/kg bw) was administered alone or in combination with quercetin (20 mg/kg bw) or rutin (10 mg/kg bw) for 14 days. SASP treatment significantly increased relative weights of the epididymis and seminal vesicles...
March 7, 2018: Andrologia
P Karan, T K Mohanty, A Kumaresan, M Bhakat, R K Baithalu, K Verma, S Kumar, M Das Gupta, K K Saraf, S C Gahlot
To achieve the targeted artificial insemination coverage with the current rate of semen production, without affecting the conception rate, it needs to reduce the number of spermatozoa per insemination dose in India as per international practice. Therefore, this study was planned to perform different levels of semen dilution, compare in vitro post-thaw semen quality and develop a modified low-dose semen packaging method in French mini straw to minimise semen dilution effect. Sixteen ejaculates were collected from Karan Fries bulls (n = 4)...
March 7, 2018: Andrologia
B A Pereira, B R Chaves, M C Teles, T P Pontelo, C R Oliveira, R V de Souza, J E Rodríguez-Gil, M G Zangeronimo
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of chlorogenic acid (ChA) in boar semen stored at 15°C. Twelve ejaculates were processed into insemination doses at different concentrations of ChA (0.0, 1.5, 3.0, 4.0 and 6.0 mg/ml) or vitamin E (200 μl/ml) as positive control. Semen was analysed after 0, 24 and 72 hr of storage. ChA improved (p < .05) sperm motility, acrosome integrity and mitochondrial activity in all periods of storage. Furthermore, after 24 hr of storage, ChA above 1.5 mg/ml supported the sperm viability until 120 min after reheating (p < ...
March 5, 2018: Andrologia
Young-Ah You, Elsayed A Mohamed, Md Saidur Rahman, Woo-Sung Kwon, Won-Hee Song, Buom-Yong Ryu, Myung-Geol Pang
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a reproductive and developmental toxicant that can alter the sex ratio of offspring (proportion of male offspring). We hypothesized that the alteration of sex ratio is associated with sex chromosome ratio of live spermatozoa affected by exposure to TCDD. After exposure to TCDD we analyzed simultaneously sperm sex chromosome constitution and viability, and evaluated sperm sex chromosome ratio association with embryo sex ratio in mice. Short-term exposure to TCDD affects the decreased sperm motility and viability, and the increased acrosome reaction...
March 2, 2018: Reproductive Toxicology
F G Fumuso, S M Giuliano, M G Chaves, D M Neild, M H Miragaya, M C Gambarotta, M I Carretero
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effect over time of different percentages of seminal plasma (SP) on llama sperm characteristics in raw semen and correlate the techniques routinely used to evaluate sperm viability and acrosome status with the Fluorescein Isothiocyanate -Arachis hypogea agglutinin/Propidium Iodide (FITC-PNA/PI). Eighteen ejaculates, obtained from 6 male llamas using electroejaculation, were incubated in 0.1% collagenase in HEPES-TALP (HT), centrifuged and resuspended with SP and HT: 0, 10, 50 and 100% SP...
February 24, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Alberto Elmi, Federico Banchelli, Francesca Barone, Paolo Fantinati, Domenico Ventrella, Monica Forni, Maria Laura Bacci
The evaluation of sperm functionality and morphology allows discerning between high and low quality ejaculates, but does not give detailed predictive information regarding in vivo fertility. The current developments in statistical modeling have helped in carrying out reproductive studies, but their biggest limitation is in the size of the dataset to be used. The aim of the present observational study was to evaluate whether advanced statistical approaches, such as mixed effects regression models and bootstrap resampling, can help in assessing the predictive ability of semen parameters in terms of in vivo fertility (farrowing rate and litter size), on a small/medium farm with a limited number of animals...
February 23, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
C Consuegra, F Crespo, M Bottrel, I Ortiz, J Dorado, M Diaz-Jimenez, B Pereira, M Hidalgo
The aim of this study was to assess different concentrations of sucrose-based extenders combined with bovine serum albumin (BSA) as an alternative to stallion sperm cryopreservation with permeable cryoprotectants. Semen samples (n = 16) were collected from six stallions. Sperm was cooled, filled in 0.5 mL straws and frozen in nitrogen vapor. Post-thaw sperm kinetic parameters, plasma and acrosome membrane integrity were statistically compared among treatments. In Experiment 1, extenders containing 1% of BSA and different concentrations of sucrose (mmol/L, M): 0, 50, 100, 250, 350 and 450 mM were compared...
February 21, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Jane-Fang Yu, Yu-Hua Lai, Tse-En Wang, Yu-Syuan Wei, Yu-Jia Chang, Sheng-Hsiang Li, Shih-Chien Chin, Radhika Joshi, Hui-Wen Chang, Pei-Shiue Tsai
BACKGROUND: Semen from the chimpanzee species becomes a colloidal solid after ejaculation. The formation of this copulatory plug is believed to prevent additional spermatozoa of subsequent mating events from accessing the ova. However, this naturally preserved strategy hampers the processes for sperm preparation. In this study, we investigated whether collagenase can be used to degelify the semen plug and accelerate the semen liquefaction process in zoo captive chimpanzee species (Pan troglodytes)...
February 27, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Mariana Weigel Muñoz, A María Battistone, Guillermo Carvajal, Julieta A Maldera, Ludmila Curci, Pablo Torres, Daniel Lombardo, Omar P Pignataro, Vanina G Da Ros, Patricia S Cuasnicu
Epididymal sperm protein CRISP1 has the ability to both regulate murine CatSper, a key sperm calcium channel, and interact with egg-binding sites during fertilization. In spite of its relevance for sperm function, Crisp1-/- mice are fertile. Considering that phenotypes can be influenced by the genetic background, in the present work mice from the original mixed Crisp1-/- colony (129/SvEv*C57BL/6) were backcrossed onto the C57BL/6 strain for subsequent analysis of their reproductive phenotype. Whereas fertility and fertilization rates of C57BL/6 Crisp1-/- males did not differ from those reported for mice from the mixed background, several sperm functional parameters were clearly affected by the genetic background...
February 22, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
P Sutovsky
Fertilization is an intricate cascade of events that irreversibly alter the participating male and female gamete and ultimately lead to the union of paternal and maternal genomes in the zygote. Fertilization starts with sperm capacitation within the oviductal sperm reservoir, followed by gamete recognition, sperm-zona pellucida interactions and sperm-oolemma adhesion and fusion, followed by sperm incorporation, oocyte activation, pronuclear development and embryo cleavage. At fertilization, bull spermatozoon loses its acrosome and plasma membrane components and contributes chromosomes, centriole, perinuclear theca proteins and regulatory RNAs to the zygote...
February 26, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Shunwei Wang, Meng Sun, Na Wang, Kang Yang, Haitao Guo, Jingran Wang, Yuting Zhang, Shunli Yue, Jiabo Zhou
The quality of boar spermatozoa is affected by oxidative stress during preservation in vitro. It has been demonstrated that L-Glutamine (Gln) can effectively protect cells from oxidative stress-induced injury. There are, however, no reports to date evaluating the effects of Gln on boar semen liquid preservation at 17 °C. The aims of the present study were to elucidate whether the addition of Gln to the extender BTS could improve the quality of boar spermatozoa when stored at 17 °C and to determine the mechanism underlying Gln protection of spermatozoa against preservation-induced damage...
February 15, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Z Bravo, M Valdivia
The follicular fluid exerts an effect on the sperm capacitation of several species; however, these effects vary according to species, both in the sperm motility and in the subsequent acrosome reaction. In this study, the effect of alpaca follicular fluid (aFF) on the motility and acrosome reaction of alpaca spermatozoa was observed, using follicular fluid of three follicle sizes: small (<3 mm), medium (3-6 mm) and large (>6 mm), in a concentration of 30%. Sperm motility at the first hour of incubation with aFF of small follicles was 48...
February 22, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Noritaka Hirohashi, Ryuzo Yanagimachi
Manner and roles of sperm acrosome reaction in a variety of animals were compared.
February 16, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
Masaru Okabe
Fifty years have passed since the findings of capacitation and acrosome reaction. These discoveries and the extensive effort of researchers led to the success of in vitro fertilization (IVF), which has become a top choice for patients at infertility clinics today. The effort to understand the mechanism of fertilization is ongoing, but the small number of eggs and similarly small quantity of spermatozoa continue to hinder biochemical experiments. The emergence of transgenic animals and gene disruption techniques have had a significant effect on fertilization research...
February 15, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
T Stravskyy, A Hantimurov, O Halytska-Kharkhalis, N Herasymiuk, R Hovda
Hemodynamic disorders in the testicles cause chronic organ hypoxia with damage of its stroma and seminiferous tubules, which plays a leading role in the pathogenesis of the testicular form of male infertility development. The aim of the work was to establish the features of ultrastructural reorganization of the testicles tissue and its vascular bed under circulatory hypoxia conditions and after restoration of blood flow in the organ. The study was conducted on 84 white adult male rats. The control group consisted of 12 intact animals...
January 2018: Georgian Medical News
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