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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912195/mass-spectrometry-profiling-of-oxysterols-in-human-sperm-identifies-25-hydroxycholesterol-as-a-marker-of-sperm-function
#1
Chiara Zerbinati, Luisa Caponecchia, Rosa Puca, Marco Ciacciarelli, Pietro Salacone, Annalisa Sebastianelli, Antonio Pastore, Giovanni Palleschi, Vincenzo Petrozza, Natale Porta, Rocco Rago, Antonio Carbone, Luigi Iuliano
Cholesterol is a main lipid component of sperm cell that is essential for sperm membrane fluidity, capacitation, and acrosomal reaction. Recent data obtained in bovine sperm showed that sperm capacitation is associated to the formation of oxysterols, oxidized products of cholesterol. The aim of this study was to profile oxysterol content in human semen, and to investigate their potential role in sperm pathophysiology. Among the 12 oxysterols analyzed, 25-hydroxycholesterol (25-HC) resulted the most represented in normozoospermic samples, and its concentration positively correlated with spermatozoa number...
November 22, 2016: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908685/royal-jelly-supplemented-soybean-lecithin-based-extenders-improve-post-thaw-quality-and-incubation-resilience-of-goat-spermatozoa
#2
Selim Alcay, M Berk Toker, N Tekin Onder, Elif Gokce
The aim of the present study was to evaluate different concentrations of royal jelly (RJ) supplemented extenders for post-thaw quality and incubation resilience of goat spermatozoa. Semen samples were collected from five goats. Pooled semen were diluted with soybean lecithin-based extender without RJ (control) or supplemented with different concentrations (0.25, 0.5 and 0.75%) of RJ (RJ0.25, RJ0.5, RJ0.75 respectively), at a final concentration of 150 × 10(6) spermatozoon/mL. Semen samples were assessed for sperm motility, plasma membrane integrity using hypoosmotic swelling test (HOST) damaged acrosome using FITC-Pisum sativum agglutinin (PSA-FITC) and DNA integrity using terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL)...
November 28, 2016: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901058/a-kinase-anchoring-protein-4-akap4-is-an-erk1-2-substrate-and-a-switch-molecule-between-camp-pka-and-pkc-erk1-2-in-human-spermatozoa
#3
Liat Rahamim Ben-Navi, Tal Almog, Zhong Yao, Rony Seger, Zvi Naor
Mammalian spermatozoa undergo capacitation and acrosome reaction in order to fertilize the egg. The PKC-ERK1/2 pathway plays an important role in human spermatozoa motility, capacitation and the acrosome reaction. Here we demonstrate that ERK1/2 phosphorylates proAKAP4 on Thr265 in human spermatozoa in vitro and in vivo. Cyclic AMP (cAMP) had no effect on ERK1/2 activity in human spermatozoa, but stimulated the MAPK in mouse pituitary LβT2 gonadotrope cells. cAMP via PKA attenuates PKC-dependent ERK1/2 activation only in the presence of proAKAP4...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895910/proteomic-identification-of-cryostress-in-epididymal-spermatozoa
#4
Sung Jae Yoon, Md Saidur Rahman, Woo Sung Kwon, Do Yeal Ryu, Yoo Jin Park, Myung Geol Pang
BACKGROUND: Cryopreservation of epididymal spermatozoa is important in cases in which it is not possible to collect semen using normal methods, as the sudden death of an animal or a catastrophic injury. However, the freezing and thawing processes cause stress to spermatozoa, including cold shock, osmotic damage, and ice crystal formation, thereby reducing sperm quality. We assessed the motility (%), motion kinematics, capacitation status, and viability of spermatozoa using computer-assisted sperm analysis and Hoechst 33258/chlortetracycline fluorescence staining...
2016: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895724/expression-profile-of-spaca5-spaca5-in-spermatogenesis-and-transitional-cell-carcinoma-of-the-bladder
#5
Xiao-Yue Zhang, Qiu-Xia Yan, Xiao-Yan Guo, Cai-Rong Chen, Run-Qiang Chen, Zhi-Ming Cai, Ai-Fa Tang
The majority of bladder cancer-associated mortalities are due to transitional cell carcinoma (TCC), which is the most prevalent and chemoresistant malignancy of the bladder. Sperm acrosome associated 5 (SPACA5)/Spaca5 is a sperm acrosome-associated, c-type lysozyme-like protein that has been recently identified, and has been designated as an attractive candidate antigen for cancer testis. In the present study, the expression profile of SPACA5/Spaca5 was analyzed in spermatogenesis and TCC of the bladder using diverse molecular and cellular biology methods...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890704/cryopreservation-of-adult-cervid-testes
#6
Lavanya Pothana, Lalitha Devi, Sandeep Goel
Several species of cervids are currently classified as threatened or endangered due to a rapid decline in their populations. Sperm cryopreservation, in association with assisted reproductive technologies, can find application for the conservation of endangered cervids. In cases of unsuccessful sperm retrieval through other means prior to the death of the animal, adult testis is the only source of sperm. Recovery of viable sperm from adult testes depends on the effective preservation of testicular tissues through optimization of cryopreservation protocols...
November 25, 2016: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885744/glutathione-in-combination-with-trehalose-has-supplementary-beneficial-effects-on-cryopreserved-red-deer-cervus-elaphus-sperm
#7
Yan Wang, Shude Dong
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we evaluated the effects of glutathione in combination with trehalose addition to semen extenders on the quality parameters of frozen-thawed red deer (cervus elaphus) spermatozoa. METHOD OF STUDY: The semen samples collected from six mature red deer once a week were diluted with Tris-egg yolk-based extenders. The diluted semen samples were supplemented with glutathione (8 mmol L(-1) ) and or trehalose (5%, w/v), cryopreserved, thawed and then subjected to sperm quality parameter evaluation...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883267/translocation-of-tektin-3-to-the-equatorial-segment-of-heads-in-bull-spermatozoa-exposed-to-dibutyryl-camp-and-calyculin-a
#8
Mariko Tsukamoto, Erina Hiyama, Karen Hirotani, Takafumi Gotoh, Tetsuichiro Inai, Hiroshi Iida
Tektins (TEKTs) are filamentous proteins associated with microtubules in cilia, flagella, basal bodies, and centrioles. Five TEKTs (TEKT1, -2, -3, -4, and -5) have been identified as components of mammalian sperm flagella. We previously reported that TKET1 and TEKT3 are also present in the heads of rodent spermatozoa. The present study clearly demonstrates that TEKT2 is present at the acrosome cap whereas TEKT3 resides just beneath the plasma membrane of the post-acrosomal region of sperm heads in unactivated bull spermatozoa, and builds on the distributional differences of TEKT1, -2, and -3 on sperm heads...
November 23, 2016: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867114/serine-protease-inhibitor-kazal-type-2-is-expressed-in-the-male-reproductive-tract-of-carp-with-a-possible-role-in-antimicrobial-protection
#9
Mariola A Dietrich, Mariola Słowińska, Halina Karol, Mikołaj Adamek, Dieter Steinhagen, Anna Hejmej, Barbara Bilińska, Andrzej Ciereszko
The presence of the low-molecular-mass serine protease inhibitor Kazal-type (Spink) is a characteristic feature of vertebrate semen. Its main function is control of the serine protease in the acrosome, acrosin. Here we showed for the first time that Spink is present in the seminal plasma of carp, which have anacrosomal spermatozoa. Using a three-step isolation procedure that consisted in gel filtration and RP-HPLC and re-RP-HPLC, we isolated this inhibitor and identified it as serine protease inhibitor Kazal-type 2 (Spink2), a reproductive-derived member of the Spink family...
November 17, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866505/ultrastructural-localization-of-intracellular-calcium-during-spermatogenesis-of-sterlet-acipenser-ruthenus
#10
Amin Golpour, Martin Pšenička, Hamid Niksirat
Calcium regulates many intracellular events such as growth and differentiation during different stages of gamete development. The aim of this study was to localize and quantify the intracellular distribution of calcium during different developmental stages of spermatogenesis in sterlet, Acipenser ruthenus, using a combined oxalate-pyroantimonate technique. The distribution of calcium was described in spermatogonium, spermatocyte, spermatid, and spermatozoon stages. In the spermatogonium and spermatocyte, calcium deposits were mainly localized in the nucleus and cytoplasm...
November 21, 2016: Microscopy and Microanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864906/role-and-regulation-of-glycogen-synthase-kinase-3-beta-in-bovine-spermatozoa
#11
Michael Belenky, Haim Breitbart
The serine/threonine kinase Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3) is a master switch that regulates a multitude of cellular pathways, including the acrosome reaction in sperm. In epididymal sperm cells, for example, GSK-3 activity correlates with inhibition of motility-yet no direct pathways connecting GSK-3 activation with loss of motility have been described. Indeed, the details of how GSK-3 is regulated during sperm capacitation and the acrosome reaction remains obscure. To this end, we addressed the involvement of the GSK-3 beta isoform in several known pathways that contribute to motility and the acrosome reaction...
November 19, 2016: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860455/papaverine-sensitive-phosphodiesterase-activity-is-measured-in-bovine-spermatozoa
#12
A Bergeron, A Hébert, C Guillemette, A Laroche, M-P Poulin, J P Aragon, P Leclerc, R Sullivan, P Blondin, C Vigneault, F J Richard
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) plays a crucial role as a signaling molecule for capacitation, motility, and acrosome reaction in mammalian spermatozoa. It is well-known that cAMP degradation by phosphodiesterase (PDE) enzyme has a major impact on sperm functions. This study was undertaken to characterize cAMP-PDE activity in bovine spermatozoa. Total cAMP-PDE activity in cauda epididymal and ejaculated spermatozoa was 543.2 ± 49.5 and 1252.6 ± 86.5 fmoles/min/10(6) spermatozoa, respectively. Using different family-specific PDE inhibitors, we showed that in cauda epididymal and ejaculated spermatozoa, the major cAMP-PDE activity was papaverine-sensitive (44...
November 16, 2016: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859529/porcine-sperm-vitrification-ii-spheres-method
#13
C C Arraztoa, M H Miragaya, M G Chaves, V L Trasorras, M C Gambarotta, D M Neild
Owing to current problems in boar sperm cryopreservation, this study proposes to evaluate vitrification in spheres as an alternative cryopreservation procedure, comparing the use or not of permeable cryoprotectants and two warming methods. Extended (n = 3; r = 4) and raw (n = 5; r = 2) porcine spermatozoa were diluted in media, in the absence or presence of either 4% dimethylformamide or 4% glycerol, to a final concentration of 5 × 10(6)  spermatozoa/ml and vitrified using the spheres method. Two warming procedures were evaluated: a rapid method (30 s at 37°C) and an ultrarapid method (7 s at 75°C, followed by 30 s at 37°C)...
November 10, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836756/cyclic-nucleotide-phosphodiesterases-in-human-spermatozoa-and-seminal-fluid-presence-of-an-active-pde10a-in-human-spermatozoa
#14
Loïze Maréchal, Christine Guillemette, Serge Goupil, Patrick Blondin, Pierre Leclerc, François J Richard
BACKGROUND: Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) plays a crucial role as a signaling molecule for sperm functions such as capacitation, motility and acrosome reaction. It is well known that cAMP degradation by phosphodiesterase (PDE) enzyme has a major impact on sperm functions. The present study was undertaken to characterize cAMP-PDE activity in human semen. METHODS: cAMP-PDE activity was measured in human sperm and seminal plasma using family specific PDE inhibitors...
November 9, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836535/effect-of-the-herbicide-atrazine-and-its-metabolite-dact-on-bovine-sperm-quality
#15
Alisa Komsky-Elbaz, Zvi Roth
Atrazine (ATZ), one of the most extensively used herbicides, is considered a ubiquitous environmental contaminant. ATZ is a known endocrine disruptor, and deleterious effects on reproductive function have been shown, even at low, ecologically relevant doses (0.1-3μg/L). Once it enters the body, ATZ is metabolized to various metabolites, which are further detected in the urine, serum and tissues. In mammals, the major ATZ metabolite is diaminochlorotriazine (DACT). The current study focuses on direct effects of low doses of ATZ and DACT on bovine sperm isolated from ejaculates or epididymis compartments (head, body and tail)...
November 9, 2016: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833122/re-visiting-the-protamine-2-locus-deletion-but-not-haploinsufficiency-renders-male-mice-infertile
#16
Simon Schneider, Melanie Balbach, Jan F Jikeli, Daniela Fietz, Daniel Nettersheim, Sina Jostes, Rovenna Schmidt, Monika Kressin, Martin Bergmann, Dagmar Wachten, Klaus Steger, Hubert Schorle
Protamines are arginine-rich DNA-binding proteins that replace histones in elongating spermatids. This leads to hypercondensation of chromatin and ensures physiological sperm morphology, thereby protecting DNA integrity. In mice and humans, two protamines, protamine-1 (Prm1) and protamine-2 (Prm2) are expressed in a species-specific ratio. In humans, alterations of this PRM1/PRM2 ratio is associated with subfertility. By applying CRISPR/Cas9 mediated gene-editing in oocytes, we established Prm2-deficient mice...
November 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831554/the-control-of-male-fertility-by-spermatid-specific-factors-searching-for-contraceptive-targets-from-spermatozoon-s-head-to-tail
#17
REVIEW
Su-Ren Chen, Aalia Batool, Yu-Qian Wang, Xiao-Xia Hao, Chawn-Shang Chang, C Yan Cheng, Yi-Xun Liu
Male infertility due to abnormal spermatozoa has been reported in both animals and humans, but its pathogenic causes, including genetic abnormalities, remain largely unknown. On the other hand, contraceptive options for men are limited, and a specific, reversible and safe method of male contraception has been a long-standing quest in medicine. Some progress has recently been made in exploring the effects of spermatid-specifical genetic factors in controlling male fertility. A comprehensive search of PubMed for articles and reviews published in English before July 2016 was carried out using the search terms 'spermiogenesis failure', 'globozoospermia', 'spermatid-specific', 'acrosome', 'infertile', 'manchette', 'sperm connecting piece', 'sperm annulus', 'sperm ADAMs', 'flagellar abnormalities', 'sperm motility loss', 'sperm ion exchanger' and 'contraceptive targets'...
November 10, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826442/pronuclear-formation-by-icsi-using-chemically-activated-ovine-oocytes-and-zona-pellucida-bound-sperm
#18
J E Hernández-Pichardo, Y Ducolomb, S Romo, M E Kjelland, R Fierro, F Casillas, M Betancourt
BACKGROUND: In order to improve ICSI, appropiate sperm selection and oocyte activation is necessary. The objective of the present study was to determine the efficiency of fertilization using ICSI with chemically activated ovine oocytes and sperm selected by swim up (SU) or swim up + zona pellucida (SU + ZP) binding. RESULTS: Experiment 1, 4-20 replicates with total 821 in vitro matured oocytes were chemically activated with ethanol, calcium ionophore or ionomycin, to determine oocyte activation (precense of one PN)...
2016: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821286/immunization-against-lysozyme-like-proteins-affect-sperm-function-and-fertility-in-the-rat
#19
Ganapathy Narmadha, Suresh Yenugu
Proteins of the epididymal and testicular mileu contribute to sperm maturation and a vast majority of them remain uncharacterised. In this study, the role of three Lysozyme-like (LYZL) proteins, namely LYZL1, LYZL4 and LYZL6 in sperm function was assessed using in vitro neutralization and auto antibodies generation model. Rats immunized with LYZL1, LYZL4 and LYZL6 proteins had a litter size of 5.93, 8.47 and 2.10 respectively compared to 9.96 in the control rats. The litter size was further reduced to 4.53, 7...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818266/optimization-of-the-cryopreservation-of-dromedary-camel-semen-cryoprotectants-and-their-concentration-and-equilibration-times
#20
Clara Malo, Elizabeth G Crichton, Julian A Skidmore
Research into an optimal cryoprotectant, its concentration and equilibration time underlies the successful cryopreservation of dromedary camel spermatozoa. This study assessed the cryo-efficiency of different cryoprotectants, their concentration and equilibration time and any interactions. In experiment 1, semen samples (n = 4 males; 2 ejaculates/male) were frozen using Green Buffer containing one of four cryoprotectants (3% glycerol, ethylene glycol, methyl formamide, dimethyl sulfoxide) and using 4 equilibration times (10 min, 0...
November 3, 2016: Cryobiology
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