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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319515/a-perioperative-smoking-cessation-intervention-with-varenicline-counseling-and-fax-referral-to-a-telephone-quitline-versus-a-brief-intervention-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Jean Wong, Amir Abrishami, Sheila Riazi, Naveed Siddiqui, Eric You-Ten, Jennifer Korman, Sazzadul Islam, Xin Chen, Maged S M Andrawes, Peter Selby, David T Wong, Frances Chung
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of perioperative interventions to quit smoking with varenicline has not been compared with brief interventions. Our objective was to determine the efficacy of a comprehensive smoking cessation program versus a brief intervention for smoking cessation. METHODS: In this prospective, multicenter study, 296 patients were randomized to participate in a smoking cessation program (one 10- to 15-minute counseling session, pharmacotherapy with varenicline, an educational pamphlet, and a fax referral to a telephone quitline); or brief advice and self-referral to a telephone quitline...
March 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318275/a-cross-sectional-investigation-of-positive-and-negative-smoker-stereotypes-and-evaluations-of-cigarette-warnings
#2
Renee E Magnan, Linda D Cameron
OBJECTIVE: Although graphic cigarette warnings have important benefits that may aid in motivating smoking quit attempts and discouraging smoking initiation, 1 possible negative consequence might be psychological reactance to graphic warnings. Reactance to warnings might be shaped by stereotypical views of smokers. This research examined the associations of positive and negative smoker stereotypes with perceptions of the educational value of warnings as well as affective and motivational responses to them...
March 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317503/type-a-type-b-alcoholism-predicts-differential-response-to-topiramate-in-a-smoking-cessation-trial-in-dually-diagnosed-men
#3
Melodie Isgro, Neal Doran, Jaimee L Heffner, Esther Wong, Elizabeth Dinh, Jessie Tibbs, Katie Russell, Tracy Bittner, Chris Wehrle, Matthew J Worley, Robert M Anthenelli
OBJECTIVE: Babor's A/B typology characterizes alcohol-dependence subtypes, which differ across multiple defining variables; however, differences in cigarette smoking and cessation between these subtypes have not been previously investigated. Topiramate reduces heavy drinking and has separately been found to help non-alcohol-dependent individuals quit smoking. This study tested the hypothesis that topiramate's effects on smoking would be moderated by alcohol-dependence subtype, and explored craving as a mediator of this response...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315809/identifying-attendance-patterns-in-a-smoking-cessation-treatment-and-their-relationships-with-quit-success
#4
Jolene Jacquart, Santiago Papini, Michelle L Davis, David Rosenfield, Mark B Powers, Georita M Frierson, Lindsey B Hopkins, Scarlett O Baird, Bess H Marcus, Timothy S Church, Michael W Otto, Michael J Zvolensky, Jasper A J Smits
BACKGROUND: While important for substance use outcomes, knowledge about treatment attendance patterns, and their relation with clinical outcomes is limited. We examined the association between attendance patterns and smoking outcomes in a randomized, controlled smoking cessation intervention trial. METHODS: In addition to standard smoking cessation treatment, participants were randomized to 15 weeks of an exercise intervention (n=72) or an education control condition (n=64)...
March 6, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306684/implementation-and-outcomes-of-a-community-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-program-in-rural-appalachia
#5
Daniel Doyle, Chaffee Tommarello, Mike Broce, Mary Emmett, Cecil Pollard
PURPOSE: To report on the implementation and clinical outcomes of a community-based pulmonary rehabilitation program in rural Appalachia. METHODS: Three rural health centers and a large referral hospital worked together to establish pulmonary rehabilitation services based on AACVPR guidelines. Each site hired at least 1 respiratory therapist. To measure clinical outcomes, a retrospective medical record study compared pre- and post-program values for the modified Medical Research Council dyspnea level, 6-minute walk test (6MWT), negative inspiratory force (NIF), respiratory disease knowledge, St George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), BODE index (body mass index, airflow obstruction, dyspnea and exercise capacity), and smoking status...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296573/the-adverse-effects-and-treatment-results-of-smoking-cessation-pharmacotherapy-during-fasting-non-fasting-state
#6
Sinem Iliaz, Seda Tural Onur, Mehmet Atilla Uysal, Efsun Gonca Uğur Chousein, Elif Tanriverdi, Belma Akbaba Bagci, Ayse Bahadir, Didem Gorgun Hattatoglu, Mediha Gonenc Ortakoylu, Sibel Yurt
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is one of the most common addictions worldwide. Muslim smokers reduce the number of cigarettes they smoke during Ramadan due to the long fasting hours. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to share our experience in a smoking cessation clinic during Ramadan by analyzing the efficacy and adverse effects of once-daily dosing of bupropion or varenicline in a fasting group compared with conventional dosing in a non-fasting group. METHODS: We analyzed 57 patients who attended our smoking cessation clinic during Ramadan of 2014 and 2015, and at least one follow-up visit...
March 15, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291729/association-between-improvement-in-cardiovascular-risk-profile-and-changes-in-sickness-absence-results-of-the-icaria-study
#7
Eva Calvo-Bonacho, Carlos Catalina-Romero, Martha Cabrera, Carlos Fernández-Labandera, Miguel Ángel Sánchez Chaparro, Carlos Brotons, Luis Miguel Ruilope
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether changes in cardiovascular risk (CVR) are associated with the length and cost of sickness absence. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 179 186 participants was evaluated. Each participant's CVR (SCORE) was assessed on 2 consecutive medical examinations, approximately 1 year apart (365 ± 90 days). Cardiovascular risk was categorized as < 4% or ≥ 4%, and participants were divided into 4 groups according to changes in their risk between the 2 assessments...
March 10, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288601/babies-living-safe-smokefree-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-multilevel-multimodal-behavioral-intervention-to-reduce-low-income-children-s-tobacco-smoke-exposure
#8
Bradley N Collins, Stephen J Lepore
BACKGROUND: Addressing children's tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) remains a public health priority. However, there is low uptake and ineffectiveness of treatment, particularly in low-income populations that face numerous challenges to smoking behavior change. A multilevel intervention combining system-level health messaging and advice about TSE delivered at community clinics that disseminate the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC), combined with nicotine replacement and intensive multimodal, individual-level behavioral intervention may improve TSE control efforts in such high-risk populations...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285208/predictors-of-tobacco-abstinence-in-outpatient-smokers-with-schizophrenia-or-bipolar-disorder-treated-with-varenicline-and-cognitive-behavioral-smoking-cessation-therapy
#9
Randi M Schuster, Corinne Cather, Gladys N Pachas, Haiyue Zhang, Kristina M Cieslak, Susanne S Hoeppner, David Schoenfeld, A Eden Evins
BACKGROUND: The estimated mortality gap between those with and without serious mental illness (SMI) is increasing, now estimated at 28years, which is largely due to smoking-related diseases. AIMS: We sought to identify predictors of 14-day continuous abstinence in stable outpatient smokers with SMI. METHOD: Adult smokers with schizophrenia spectrum (n=130) or bipolar disorder (n=23) were enrolled in a 12-week course of varenicline and cognitive-behavioral therapy for smoking cessation...
February 24, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284145/cumulative-receipt-of-an-anti-poverty-tax-credit-for-families-did-not-impact-tobacco-smoking-among-parents
#10
Frank Pega, Paola Gilsanz, Ichiro Kawachi, Nick Wilson, Tony Blakely
The effect of anti-poverty tax credit interventions on tobacco consumption is unclear. Previous studies have estimated short-term effects, did not isolate the effects of cumulative dose of tax credits, produced conflicting results, and used methods with limited control for some time-varying confounders (e.g., those affected by prior treatment) and treatment regimen (i.e., study participants' tax credit receipt pattern over time). We estimated the longer-term, cumulative effect of New Zealand's Family Tax Credit (FTC) on tobacco consumption, using a natural experiment (administrative errors leading to exogenous variation in FTC receipt) and methods specifically for controlling confounding, reverse causation, and treatment regimen...
March 2, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283465/design-considerations-for-mhealth-programs-targeting-smokers-not-yet-ready-to-quit-results-of-a-sequential-mixed-methods-study
#11
Jennifer B McClure, Jaimee Heffner, Sarah Hohl, Predrag Klasnja, Sheryl L Catz
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) smoking cessation programs are typically designed for smokers who are ready to quit smoking. In contrast, most smokers want to quit someday but are not yet ready to quit. If mHealth apps were designed for these smokers, they could potentially encourage and assist more people to quit smoking. No prior studies have specifically examined the design considerations of mHealth apps targeting smokers who are not yet ready to quit. OBJECTIVE: To inform the user-centered design of mHealth apps for smokers who were not yet ready to quit by assessing (1) whether these smokers were interested in using mHealth tools to change their smoking behavior; (2) their preferred features, functionality, and content of mHealth programs addressing smoking; and (3) considerations for marketing or distributing these programs to promote their uptake...
March 10, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280306/motivation-to-quit-smoking-and-acceptability-of-shocking-warnings-on-cigarette-packages-in-lebanon
#12
Nelly Layoun, Pascal Salameh, Mirna Waked, Z Aoun Bacha, Rony M Zeenny, Eric El Hitti, Isabelle Godin, Michèle Dramaix
INTRODUCTION: Health warnings on tobacco packages have been considered an essential pillar in filling the gap of knowledge and communicating the health risks of tobacco use to consumers. Our primary objective was to report the perception of smokers on the textual health warnings already appearing on tobacco packages in Lebanon versus shocking pictures about the health-related smoking consequences and to evaluate their impact on smoking behaviors and motivation. METHODS: A pilot cross-sectional study was undertaken between 2013 and 2015 in five hospitals in Lebanon...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275920/breast-tumor-dna-methylation-patterns-associated-with-smoking-in-the-carolina-breast-cancer-study
#13
Kathleen Conway, Sharon N Edmiston, Eloise Parrish, Christopher Bryant, Chiu-Kit Tse, Theresa Swift-Scanlan, Lauren E McCullough, Pei Fen Kuan
PURPOSE: Tobacco smoking is a risk factor in several cancers, yet its roles as a putative etiologic exposure or poor prognostic factor in breast cancer are less clear. Altered DNA methylation contributes to breast cancer development and may provide a mechanistic link between smoking and gene expression changes leading to cancer development or progression. METHODS: Using a cancer-focused array, we examined methylation at 933 CpGs in 517 invasive breast tumors in the Carolina Breast Cancer Study to determine whether methylation patterns differ by exposure to tobacco smoke...
March 8, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274525/epithelial-and-endothelial-cell-plasticity-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd
#14
REVIEW
Sukhwinder Singh Sohal
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is mainly caused by smoking and presents with shortness of breath that is progressive and irreversible. It is a worldwide health problem and the fourth most common cause of chronic disability and mortality (even in developed countries). It is a complex disease involving both the airway and lung parenchyma. Small-airway fibrosis is the main contributor to physiological airway dysfunction in COPD. One potential mechanism contributing to small-airway fibrosis is epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT)...
March 2017: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274333/smoking-and-common-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-chronic-conditions-an-analysis-of-data-collected-via-a-web-based-screening-system
#15
Faith Matcham, Amy Carroll, Natali Chung, Victoria Crawford, James Galloway, Anna Hames, Karina Jackson, Clare Jacobson, Dulka Manawadu, Lance McCracken, John Moxham, Lauren Rayner, Deborah Robson, Anna Simpson, Nicky Wilson, Matthew Hotopf
OBJECTIVE: Smoking is the largest preventable cause of death and disability in the UK and remains pervasive in people with mental disorders and in general hospital patients. We aimed to quantify the prevalence of mental disorders and smoking, examining associations between mental disorders and smoking in patients with chronic physical conditions. METHOD: Data were collected via routine screening systems implemented across two London NHS Foundation Trusts. The prevalence of mental disorder, current smoking, nicotine dependence and wanting help with quitting smoking were quantified, and the relationships between mental disorder and smoking were examined, adjusting for age, gender and physical illness, with multiple regression models...
March 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273181/evaluating-lung-cancer-screening-in-china-implications-for-eligibility-criteria-design-from-a-microsimulation-modeling-approach
#16
Deirdre F Sheehan, Steven D Criss, G Scott Gazelle, Pari V Pandharipande, Chung Yin Kong
More than half of males in China are current smokers and evidence from western countries tells us that an unprecedented number of smoking-attributable deaths will occur as the Chinese population ages. We used the China Lung Cancer Policy Model (LCPM) to simulate effects of computed tomography (CT)-based lung cancer screening in China, comparing the impact of a screening guideline published in 2015 by a Chinese expert group to a version developed for the United States by the U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271764/readers-panel-do-nurses-have-a-duty-to-set-an-example-and-quit-smoking
#17
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March 8, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271025/disparities-in-receipt-of-5as-for-smoking-cessation-in-diverse-primary-care-and-hiv-clinics
#18
Maya Vijayaraghavan, Patrick Yuan, Steven Gregorich, Paula Lum, Nicole Appelle, Anna Maria Napoles, Sara Kalkhoran, Jason Satterfield
Clinical practice guidelines recommend that clinicians implement the 5As (Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, and Arrange) for smoking cessation at every clinical encounter. We sought to examine the prevalence of patient- and clinician-reported 5As in two primary care and one HIV care clinics in San Francisco, California between August 2013 and March 2014 (n = 462 patients and n = 61 clinicians). We used multivariable logistic regression analysis to identify factors associated with receipt of the 5As, adjusting for patient demographics, patient insurance, clinic site, patient tobacco use, and patient comorbidities...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271021/tobacco-use-cessation-interventions-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-queer-youth-and-young-adults-a-scoping-review
#19
REVIEW
N Bruce Baskerville, Darly Dash, Alanna Shuh, Katy Wong, Aneta Abramowicz, Jennifer Yessis, Ryan D Kennedy
Smoking prevalence among LGBTQ + youth and young adults is alarmingly high compared to their non-LGBTQ + peers. The purpose of the scoping review was to assess the current state of smoking prevention and cessation intervention research for LGBTQ + youth and young adults, identify and describe these interventions and their effectiveness, and identify gaps in both practice and research. A search for published literature was conducted in PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, PsychInfo, and LGBT Life, as well as an in-depth search of the grey literature...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270714/lifestyle-changes-after-a-diagnosis-of-type-2-diabetes
#20
Shanley Chong, Ding Ding, Roy Byun, Elizabeth Comino, Adrian Bauman, Bin Jalaludin
OBJECTIVE: Whether patients with type 2 diabetes change their lifestyle in response to their diagnosis and maintain behavior changes is unclear. This study aimed to 1) compare changes in lifestyle behaviors among participants who were newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and those never diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and 2) investigate changes in lifestyle behaviors in relation to the duration of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We used self-reported information from the New South Wales 45 and Up Study and a follow-up study...
February 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
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