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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219367/effectiveness-of-a-pharmacist-delivered-smoking-cessation-program-in-the-state-of-qatar-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Nadir Kheir, Ahmad Mohd Al Mulla, Rula Shami, Nadia Fanous, Ziyad R Mahfoud
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is one of the major preventable causes of death and diseases in Qatar. The study objective was to test the effect of a structured smoking cessation program delivered by trained pharmacists on smoking cessation rates in Qatar. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted in eight ambulatory pharmacies in Qatar. Eligible participants were smokers 18 years and older who smoked one or more cigarettes daily for 7 days, were motivated to quit, able to communicate in Arabic or English, and attend the program sessions...
February 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218695/electronic-cigarette-use-and-smoking-abstinence-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-study-of-quitting-methods
#2
Tomoyasu Hirano, Takahiro Tabuchi, Rika Nakahara, Naoki Kunugita, Yumiko Mochizuki-Kobayashi
The benefit of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in smoking cessation remains controversial. Recently, e-cigarettes have been gaining popularity in Japan, without evidence of efficacy on quitting cigarettes. We conducted an online survey to collect information on tobacco use, difficulties in smoking cessation, socio-demographic factors, and health-related factors in Japan. Among the total participants (n = 9055), 798 eligible persons aged 20-69 years who smoked within the previous five years were analyzed to assess the relationship between the outcome of smoking cessation and quitting methods used, including e-cigarettes, smoking cessation therapy, and unassisted...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217031/rationalizations-and-identity-conflict-following-smoking-relapse-a-thematic-analysis
#3
Lei Hum Wee, Azlyn Azmainie Binti Ithnin, Robert West, Nihayah Mohammad, Caryn Mei Hsien Chan, Siti Saadiah Hasan Nudin
Introduction: Little is known about how smokers respond cognitively and emotionally to the experience of "late" relapse after the acute withdrawal phase. This study assessed the kinds of thoughts and feelings that emerge in order to provide a basis for quantitative research assessing prevalence of different types of response and implications for future quit attempts. Methods: Face-to-face in-depth interviews were conducted among 14 people attending a quit smoking clinic in Malaysia who had relapsed after at least 6 weeks of abstinence...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Substance Use
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216497/-visual-evoked-functional-connectivity-before-and-after-smoking-cessation-based-on-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#4
Shaofeng Mo, Xiaokai Zhang, Hongbo Chen, Jingtian Tang
To explore differences in visual information processing for smoking addicts between before and after smoking cessation based on functional magnetic resonance imaging technology.
 Methods: Seventeen volunteers, with heavy dependence on nicotine, agreed to give up smoking and to complete the test. The primary visual network and secondary visual network were extracted by independent component analysis technology. The region of interest was defined as the region with significant difference between before and after smoking cessation...
January 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216381/the-role-of-smoking-in-social-networks-on-smoking-cessation-and-relapse-among-adults-a-longitudinal-study
#5
David J Blok, Sake J de Vlas, Pepijn van Empelen, Frank J van Lenthe
Understanding the spread of smoking cessation and relapse within social networks may offer new approaches to further curb the smoking epidemic. Whether smoking behavior among social network members determines smoking cessation and relapse of adults however, is less known. For this study, longitudinal data of 4623 adults participating in the Dutch Longitudinal Internet Studies for the Social sciences (LISS) panel were collected in March 2013 with a follow-up in 2014. Logistic regression was used to examine the association between the proportion of smokers in social networks, and (1) smoking cessation (n=762) and (2) smoking relapse (n=1905)...
February 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216282/smoking-cessation-improves-cardiometabolic-risk-in-overweight-and-obese-subjects-treated-with-varenicline-and-dietary-counseling
#6
E Heggen, M Svendsen, S Tonstad
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Weight gain after stopping smoking potentially counteracts improvements in cardiometabolic risks. We investigated changes in metabolic syndrome (MetS) components and homeostasis assessment model insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in smokers given dietary counseling during their quit attempt. METHODS AND RESULTS: Smokers (≥10 cigarettes/day) with BMI 25-40 kg/m(2) were randomized to a low-carbohydrate or low-fat diet and treated with a standard course of varenicline for 12 weeks...
January 4, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216065/preliminary-evaluation-of-a-telephone-based-smoking-cessation-intervention-in-the-lung-cancer-screening-setting-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Kathryn L Taylor, Charlotte J Hagerman, George Luta, Paula G Bellini, Cassandra Stanton, David B Abrams, Jenna A Kramer, Eric Anderson, Shawn Regis, Andrea McKee, Brady McKee, Ray Niaura, Harry Harper, Michael Ramsaier
: Incorporating effective smoking cessation interventions into lung cancer screening (LCS) programs will be essential to realizing the full benefit of screening. We conducted a pilot randomized trial to determine the feasibility and efficacy of a telephone-counseling (TC) smoking cessation intervention vs. usual care (UC) in the LCS setting. In collaboration with 3 geographically diverse LCS programs, we enrolled current smokers (61.5% participation rate) who were: registered to undergo LCS, 50-77 years old, and had a 20+ pack-year smoking history...
February 14, 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214937/factors-affecting-the-variability-in-the-observed-levels-of-cadmium-in-blood-and-urine-among-former-and-current-smokers-aged-20-64-and-%C3%A2-65years
#8
Ram B Jain
Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 1999-2012 were used to evaluate factors that affect observed levels of blood cadmium (BCd) and urine cadmium (UCd) among former and current smokers aged 20-64 and ≥65 years. Adjusted levels (AGM) for BCd and UCd were higher among females as compared to males. The order of AGM for BCd by race/ethnicity for 20-64 years old was non-Hispanic white (NHW) < non-Hispanic black (NHB) and NHW > NHB for ≥65 years old. The order of AGMs for UCd for 20-64-year-old current smokers was NHW > NHB and NHW > NHB for former smokers...
February 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212652/a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-of-nicotine-assisted-smoking-reduction-programmes-delivered-by-community-pharmacists-the-redpharm-study
#9
Amanda Farley, Sarah Tearne, Taina Taskila, Rachel H Williams, Susan Mackaskill, Jean-Francois Etter, Paul Aveyard
BACKGROUND: Pivotal trials have established that, among people who have no immediate intention to quit smoking, nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) helps people reduce and eventually stop smoking. The prime aim of this trial was to investigate the feasibility of implementing such a programme in community pharmacies. In addition, we investigated the effectiveness of providing behavioural support compared with self-help methods and of shorter compared with standard length reduction programmes...
February 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211056/targeted-mass-media-interventions-promoting-healthy-behaviours-to-reduce-risk-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-adult-ethnic-minorities
#10
REVIEW
Annhild Mosdøl, Ingeborg B Lidal, Gyri H Straumann, Gunn E Vist
BACKGROUND: Physical activity, a balanced diet, avoidance of tobacco exposure, and limited alcohol consumption may reduce morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Mass media interventions are commonly used to encourage healthier behaviours in population groups. It is unclear whether targeted mass media interventions for ethnic minority groups are more or less effective in changing behaviours than those developed for the general population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of mass media interventions targeting adult ethnic minorities with messages about physical activity, dietary patterns, tobacco use or alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of NCDs...
February 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209422/-the-role-of-spirometry-in-encouraging-smoking-cessation-in-general-practice-a-pilot-study-using-lung-age
#11
A Lorenzo, F Noël, M Lorenzo, J Van Den Broucke
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to investigate whether spirometry, performed in general practitioners' offices would change non-motivated smokers' attitudes toward smoking cessation. METHOD: We performed an interventional, prospective, before-after single-center study, approved by a research ethics committee. We included 74 smokers older than 18years old, who reported no intention to quit smoking, whatever they were visiting general practitioners for. We performed spirometry and gave them their results, FEV1/FVC and lung age together with a comment on it...
February 13, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209040/-establishment-and-application-effect-appraisement-of-community-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-integrated-management-system
#12
D X Zhao, S Y Chen, Y M Zhou, X C Li, W F Zou, X M Chen, P X Ran
Objective: To establish the COPD community integrated management system suitable for our national situation and assess its effects in the prevention and treatment for COPD. Methods: The COPD community integrated management system based on the electronic management system was established, including the functional modules of preliminary screening for COPD, electronic health record, grading management and dual referral system, ect. Two townships were randomly selected from the rural areas in north Guangdong as Observational Community and Control Community, respectively...
February 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208782/prevalence-of-tobacco-smoking-and-determinants-of-success-in-quitting-smoking-among-patients-with-chronic-diseases-a-cross-sectional-study-in-rural-western-china
#13
Hang Fu, Da Feng, Shangfeng Tang, Zhifei He, Yuanxi Xiang, Tailai Wu, Ruoxi Wang, Tian Shao, Chunyan Liu, Piaopiao Shao, Zhanchun Feng
Tobacco use is one of the behavioral risk factors for chronic diseases. The aim of the study was to investigate smoking prevalence in chronically ill residents and their smoking behavior in western rural China, to identify factors associated with success in quitting smoking, and to provide appropriate intervention strategies for tobacco control. Cross-sectional survey data from patients with chronic diseases from rural western China were analyzed. Among the 906 chronically ill patients, the current smoking prevalence was 26...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202783/evaluation-of-a-complex-healthcare-intervention-to-increase-smoking-cessation-in-pregnant-women-interrupted-time-series-analysis-with-economic-evaluation
#14
Ruth Bell, Svetlana V Glinianaia, Zelda van der Waal, Andrew Close, Eoin Moloney, Susan Jones, Vera Araújo-Soares, Sharon Hamilton, Eugene Mg Milne, Janet Shucksmith, Luke Vale, Martyn Willmore, Martin White, Steven Rushton
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a complex intervention to improve referral and treatment of pregnant smokers in routine practice, and to assess the incremental costs to the National Health Service (NHS) per additional woman quitting smoking. DESIGN: Interrupted time series analysis of routine data before and after introducing the intervention, within-study economic evaluation. SETTING: Eight acute NHS hospital trusts and 12 local authority areas in North East England...
February 15, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202429/virtual-patient-technology-engaging-primary-care-in-quality-improvement-innovations
#15
Amanda C Blok, Christine N May, Rajani S Sadasivam, Thomas K Houston
BACKGROUND: Engaging health care staff in new quality improvement programs is challenging. OBJECTIVE: We developed 2 virtual patient (VP) avatars in the context of a clinic-level quality improvement program. We sought to determine differences in preferences for VPs and the perceived influence of interacting with the VP on clinical staff engagement with the quality improvement program. METHODS: Using a participatory design approach, we developed an older male smoker VP and a younger female smoker VP...
February 15, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201949/evaluating-efficacy-of-current-lung-cancer-screening-guidelines
#16
Barbara Nemesure, April Plank, Lisa Reagan, Denise Albano, Michael Reiter, Thomas V Bilfinger
Objective Current lung cancer screening criteria based primarily on outcomes from the National Lung Screening Trial may not adequately capture all subgroups of the population at risk. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of lung cancer screening criteria recommended by the United States Preventive Services Task Force, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network in identifying known cases of lung cancer. Methods An investigation of the Stony Brook Cancer Center Lung Cancer Evaluation Center's database identified 1207 eligible, biopsy-proven lung cancer cases diagnosed between January 1996 and March 2016...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198988/e-smoking-among-students-of-medicine-frequency-pattern-and-motivations
#17
Grzegorz Brożek, Mateusz Jankowski, Jan Zejda, Agnieszka Jarosińska, Agnieszka Idzik, Piotr Bańka
INTRODUCTION: E-smoking has become a public health problem. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of e-cigarette and tobacco cigarette use; to compare the patterns of smoking; to assess the attitudes and motivations for e-cigarette use. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All 1,700 students from Faculty of Medicine (Medical University of Silesia) were invited to questionnaire based cross-sectional study about the frequency and attitudes towards the use of traditional and electronic cigarettes...
2017: Adv Respir Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197846/smiling-instead-of-smoking-development-of-a-positive-psychology-smoking-cessation-smartphone-app-for-non-daily-smokers
#18
Bettina B Hoeppner, Susanne S Hoeppner, Lourah Kelly, Melissa Schick, John F Kelly
PURPOSE: The usefulness of mobile technology in supporting smoking cessation has been demonstrated, but little is known about how smartphone apps could best be leveraged. The purpose of this paper is to describe the program of research that led to the creation of a smoking cessation app for non-daily smokers, so as to stimulate further ideas to create "smart" smartphone apps to support health behavior change. METHOD: Literature reviews to evaluate the appropriateness of the proposed app, content analyses of existing apps, and smoking cessation sessions with non-daily smokers (n = 38) to inform the design of the app...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195010/efficacy-of-a-universal-smoking-cessation-intervention-initiated-in-inpatient-psychiatry-and-continued-post-discharge-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Alexandra P Metse, John Wiggers, Paula Wye, Luke Wolfenden, Megan Freund, Richard Clancy, Emily Stockings, Margarett Terry, John Allan, Kim Colyvas, Judith J Prochaska, Jenny A Bowman
OBJECTIVE: Interventions are required to redress the disproportionate tobacco-related health burden experienced by persons with a mental illness. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a universal smoking cessation intervention initiated within an acute psychiatric inpatient setting and continued post-discharge in reducing smoking prevalence and increasing quitting behaviours. METHOD: A randomised controlled trial was undertaken across four psychiatric inpatient facilities in Australia...
February 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192602/smokers-with-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-are-at-a-higher-risk-of-disease-progression-and-premature-death
#20
Michael Lauseker, Joerg Hasford, Susanne Saussele, Stephan Kremers, Doris Kraemer, Walter Lindemann, Rüdiger Hehlmann, Markus Pfirrmann
BACKGROUND: Smoking is suspected to not only be a risk factor for chronic myeloid leukemia but an adverse prognostic factor for the disease as well. The objective of the current study was to investigate the impact of smoking on survival and progression to advanced phases of disease. METHODS: Based on the data of the German CML Study IV, the authors analyzed the effect of smoking using a multivariate Cox model with the addition of the European Treatment and Outcome Study (EUTOS) long-term survival score variables of age, spleen size, thrombocytes, and peripheral blasts as well as sex, comorbidities, and type of treatment center...
February 13, 2017: Cancer
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