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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667942/smoking-is-a-risk-factor-for-relapse-of-antimyeloperoxidase-antibodies-associated-vasculitis
#1
Makoto Yamaguchi, Masahiko Ando, Takayuki Katsuno, Naotake Tsuboi, Shoichi Maruyama
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Several studies have identified predictors of relapse in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated small-vessel vasculitis. However, the role of smoking as a risk factor of relapse has not been elucidated. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate whether a history of smoking is a dose-dependent independent risk factor for antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated small-vessel vasculitis relapse. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective cohort study included 122 patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) from 9 nephrology centers in Japan...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666043/mobile-app-usage-patterns-of-patients-prescribed-a-smoking-cessation-medicine-prospective-observational-study
#2
Marianna Bruno, Marcia Wright, Christine L Baker, Birol Emir, Eric Carda, Michelle Clausen, Catherine Sigler, Aanal Patel
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of death and is responsible for more than 480,000 deaths per year in the United States. Smoking cessation is challenging for many patients. Regardless of available treatment options, most quit attempts are unaided, and it takes multiple attempts before a patient is successful. With the ever-increasing use of smartphones, mobile apps hold promise in supporting cessation efforts. This study evaluates the ease of use and user satisfaction with the Pfizer Meds app to support smoking cessation among patients prescribed varenicline (Chantix)...
April 17, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664530/-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-smoking-cessation
#3
María Paz Corvalán B, Leonardo Véjar M, Claudia Bambs S, Juana Pavié G, Mónica Zagolin B, Jaime Cerda L
Considering that a high proportion of the Chilean general population smokes, the Chilean Society of Respiratory Diseases in collaboration with the Chilean Societies of Cardiology and, Endocrinology and Diabetes, formed an interdisciplinary group, who issued a set of recommendations for the treatment of the smoker, methodologically advised by experts. These interventions should be prioritized in high-risk groups. Methods The panel elaborated and graded the recommendations following the GRADE methodology. To assess the effect of each intervention, systematic reviews and randomized clinical trials were identified...
November 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662650/hdl-and-associated-factors-stratified-by-sex-and-menopausal-status-results-from-a-community-based-survey-in-taiwan
#4
Huan-Cheng Chang, Chuan-Fa Hsieh, Disline Manli Tantoh, Pei-Chieh Ko, Ya-Yu Kung, Mei-Chi Lin, Yi-Ching Liaw, Yung-Po Liaw
Aim: To investigate factors, especially modifiable factors associated with high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in Taiwanese based on sex and menopausal status. Materials and Methods: Participants comprised 2022 men and 2392 women (1267 menopausal and 1125 non-menopausal) aged ≥30 years who resided in Pingzhen district, Taoyuan from 2006-2011. Their data, obtained through questionnaires and measurements were retrieved from the Li-Shin Hospital. Results: Higher HDL was associated with total cholesterol, underweight, and alcohol drinking in both men and women...
March 27, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661542/helping-patients-with-esrd-and-earlier-stages-of-ckd-to-quit-smoking
#5
REVIEW
Perry Formanek, Elizabeth Salisbury-Afshar, Majid Afshar
Among the many adverse effects of tobacco exposure is the increased risk for progression of kidney disease. Individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD), who already face increased cardiovascular event rates compared to the general population, are at even greater risk if they smoke. Despite these risks and the increased focus on smoking cessation in the general population in recent years, national guidelines have not specifically targeted individuals with CKD. There are similarly sparse data specific to individuals with CKD regarding the safety and efficacy of evidence-based smoking cessation modalities...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660697/relapse-to-smoking-following-release-from-smoke-free-correctional-facilities-in-queensland-australia
#6
Cheneal Puljević, Dominique de Andrade, Ross Coomber, Stuart A Kinner
BACKGROUND: Smoke-free prison policies are increasingly common, but few studies have investigated relapse to smoking after release from prison. This study investigated return to tobacco smoking and correlates of smoking at reduced levels after release among adults recently released from smoke-free prisons in Queensland, Australia. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 114 people at parole offices within two months of release from prison was used. The survey measured health, social, and criminological factors related to tobacco smoking...
April 11, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660059/menthol-cigarette-use-in-young-adult-smokers-with-severe-mental-illnesses
#7
Mary F Brunette, Joelle C Ferron, Pamela Geiger, Andrea C Villanti
Introduction: Smokers with severe mental illness (SMI) are more likely to start smoking and less likely to quit. Menthol may facilitate smoking progression, dependence and maintenance by reducing harshness and irritation from smoking and providing a unique sensory experience during use. High rates of menthol use have been reported in smokers with SMI, but information on young adults with SMI has not been reported. Methods: This study provides a secondary analysis to assess the impact of menthol use in a pilot trial of brief tobacco interventions...
April 12, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660046/seeing-new-opportunities-to-help-smokers-quit-a-uk-national-survey-of-optometrist-delivered-smoking-cessation-behavioural-support-interventions
#8
Fabiana Lorencatto, Shamina Asif, Jill J Francis, Alice M Harper, John G Lawrenson
Background: Smoking is a risk factor for various eye conditions. Brief smoking cessation interventions have demonstrated effectiveness when delivered by a range of healthcare professionals. Optometrists are well-placed in the community to advise otherwise healthy smokers to quit, yet remain relatively neglected in smoking cessation research and policy. In a national survey, this study investigated self-reported practices of UK optometrists for delivering brief tobacco smoking cessation interventions to patients...
April 5, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660037/twelve-million-smokers-look-online-for-smoking-cessation-help-annually-health-information-national-trends-survey-data-2005-2017
#9
Amanda L Graham, Michael S Amato
Background: This study quantified the potential reach of Internet smoking cessation interventions to support calculations of potential population impact (reach × effectiveness). Using a nationally representative survey, we calculated the number and proportion of adult smokers that look for cessation assistance online each year. Methods: Five waves (2005, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017) of the National Cancer Institute's Health Information National Trends Survey were examined...
April 11, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660034/e-cigarettes-may-support-smokers-with-high-smoking-related-risk-awareness-to-stop-smoking-in-the-short-run-preliminary-results-by-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Marianna Masiero, Claudio Lucchiari, Ketti Mazzocco, Giulia Veronesi, Patrick Maisonneuve, Costantino Jemos, Emanuela Omodeo Salè, Stefania Spina, Raffaella Bertolotti, Gabriella Pravettoni
Introduction: E-cigarettes may be positively used in tobacco cessation treatments. However, neither the World Health Organization nor the American Food and Drug Administration has recognized them as effective cessation aids. Data about the efficacy and safety of e-cigarettes are still limited and controversial. Methods: This was a double-blind randomized controlled study. The main aim was to assess the efficacy of the use of e-cigarettes in a tobacco cessation program with a group of chronic smokers voluntarily involved in long-term lung cancer screening...
April 11, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657699/review-on-the-implementation-of-the-islamic-republic-of-iran-about-tobacco-control-based-on-mpower-in-the-framework-convention-on-tobacco-control-by-the-world-health-organization
#11
REVIEW
Mahmood Alimohammadi, Hossein Jafari-Mansoorian, Seyed Yaser Hashemi, Victoria Momenabadi, Seyed Mehdi Ghasemi, Kamaladdin Karimyan
Background: Smoking is the largest preventable cause of death in the world, killing nearly 6 million people annually. This article is an investigation of measures implemented laws in the Iran to study the proposed strategy of control and reduce tobacco use based on the monitor, protect, offer, warn, enforce and raise (MPOWER) policy. Methods: All laws approved by the Parliament along with the instructions on tobacco control prepared by the Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Ministry of Industry, Mine and Trade were collected and studied...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657502/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-regarding-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-patients-attending-outpatient-clinic-in-kuantan-malaysia
#12
Nursyafiza B Mohammad, Nor Azlina A Rahman, Mainul Haque
Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death around the world including Malaysia. Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is the single largest cause of death in the developed countries and is one of the main contributors to the disease burden in developing countries. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted to determine knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding the risk of CVD in patients attending an outpatient clinic in Kuantan, Malaysia...
January 2018: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652628/salience-and-impact-of-health-warning-label-on-cigarette-packs-in-vietnam-findings-from-the-global-adult-tobacco-survey-2015
#13
Nguyen Ngoc Bich, Tran Thu Ngan, Kim Bao Giang, Phan Thi Hai, Doan Thi Thu Huyen, Luong Ngoc Khue, Nguyen Tuan Lam, Hoang Van Minh, Pham Thi Quynh Nga, Nguyen The Quan, Vu Hoang Loan
Viet Nam is among the countries having highest rate of male smokers in the world. The country has joined the Global Tobacco Surveillance System since 2010. Under this system, two rounds of Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) were conducted in 2010 and 2015. Those two surveys provide excellent comparable data on tobacco usage and its related aspects in Vietnam. This study using the data from GATS 2015 to examine the salience and impact of cigarette pack health warnings on quitting intention in Vietnam. The Vietnam GATS 2015 was a nationally representative survey in which 9,513 households were selected using two-stage random systematic sampling method...
April 13, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650308/the-impact-of-social-media-based-support-groups-on-smoking-relapse-prevention-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Hamidi Al Onezi, Mohamed Khalifa, Ashraf El-Metwally, Mowafa Househ
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Tobacco smoking remains a major preventable cause of mortality and morbidity across the globe. People who attempt to quit smoking often experience episodes of relapse before finally quitting. Understanding the part that social networking sites and social media can play in smoking cessation and prevention of relapse is important to aid the development of novel techniques to curb the smoking epidemic. This study investigated the use of extra-treatment provided outside of the formal healthcare setting, bolstered by online social support in order to prevent smoking relapse in Saudi Arabia...
June 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650283/-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-in-2018
#15
REVIEW
J Abdul-Kader, G Airagnes, S D'almeida, F Limosin, A-L Le Faou
Smoking cessation treatments have been proved effective to stop smoking. For pharmacological treatments, nicotine replacement therapies (NRT) as well as bupropion allow to increase 6 month-abstinence rates by more than 80% in comparison with placebo while varenicline prescription doubles success rates in the same conditions. These results mean that for 10 smokers who quit with placebo, 18 are expected to quit with NRT or bupropion and 28 are expected to quit with varenicline. Varenicline is 50% more effective than nicotine patch and 70% more effective than nicotine gum...
April 9, 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649253/prevalence-and-predictors-of-khat-chewing-among-ethiopian-university-students-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Alemu Gebrie, Animut Alebel, Abriham Zegeye, Bekele Tesfaye
BACKGROUND: Khat chewing has become a common practice among university students in developing countries like Ethiopia. It has a potential effect on physical, mental, social and cognitive aspects of student functioning. In Ethiopia, study findings regarding the prevalence of khat chewing were highly dispersed and inconsistent. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis estimates the pooled prevalence of khat chewing and its predictors among Ethiopian university students. METHOD: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess the prevalence and predictors of khat chewing among university students in Ethiopia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648860/motivation-and-readiness-for-tobacco-cessation-among-nicotine-dependent-postmenopausal-females-a-pilot-study
#17
MacKenzie R Peltier, Melanie R Roys, Aaron F Waters, Christine Vinci, Krystal M Waldo, Shelby A Stewart, Robert C Toups, Louis Jones, Amy L Copeland
Despite considerable health risks due to lower levels of estrogen production and the compounding antiestrogenic effects of nicotine, postmenopausal females continue to smoke. These females face significant barriers to cessation, including negative affect, weight concerns, and menopausal symptom severity. The current pilot study explored the effect of negative affect, weight concerns, and menopausal symptom severity on motivation and readiness to quit smoking. Eighteen postmenopausal smokers were randomized to receive brief motivational interviewing (B-MI; n = 8) or control treatment (i...
April 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648615/a-multicomponent-behavioral-intervention-for-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy-a-nonconcurrent-multiple-baseline-design
#18
Xiaozhong Wen, Rina D Eiden, Faye E Justicia-Linde, Youfa Wang, Stephen T Higgins, Nicolas Thor, Arsalan Haghdel, Ariel R Peters, Leonard H Epstein
Given serious consequences of maternal smoking, we aimed to develop and test a multicomponent behavioral intervention to enhance smoking cessation during pregnancy. In this nonconcurrent, multiple-baseline intervention pilot study, 48 daily smoking pregnant women (mean 13.7 weeks of gestation) were recruited from Buffalo, NY, USA. Upon completion of the repeated baseline smoking monitoring (up to 3 weeks), 30 continuous smokers received a contingent financial incentive-based intervention with three additional components (education and counseling, monitoring and feedback, and family support)...
April 10, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642480/examining-youth-dual-and-polytobacco-use-with-e-cigarettes
#19
Youn Ok Lee, Jessica K Pepper, Anna J MacMonegle, James M Nonnemaker, Jennifer C Duke, Lauren Porter
E-cigarettes and other non-cigarette tobacco products are increasingly popular among youth. Little is known to inform public health efforts to reduce youth use. We examined psychosocial correlates of single and multiple tobacco product use among youth e-cigarette users. Data were from the 2014 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey ( N = 69,923), a representative sample of Florida middle and high school students. Associations between combinations of e-cigarette, cigarette and other tobacco product (OTP) use and psychosocial variables were examined using multinomial logistic regression with an analytic sample of N = 2756...
April 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642461/german-public-support-for-tobacco-control-policy-measures-results-from-the-german-study-on-tobacco-use-debra-a-representative-national-survey
#20
Melanie Boeckmann, Daniel Kotz, Lion Shahab, Jamie Brown, Sabrina Kastaun
Smoking prevalence in Germany remains high at approximately 28%. We assessed public support for tobacco legislation and associations between level of support and smoking and socio-demographic characteristics. Data from 2087 people were collected as part of the German Study on Tobacco Use ("DEBRA"): a nationally representative, face-to-face household survey. Public support was measured on total ban of sale, raising the minimum age for sales, taxation of tobacco industry sales, research into e-cigarettes, and ban of smoking in cars when children are present...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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