keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medicine resident

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334559/sex-differences-in-faculty-rank-among-academic-surgeons-in-the-united-states-in-2014
#1
Daniel M Blumenthal, Regan W Bergmark, Nikhila Raol, Jordan D Bohnen, Jean Anderson Eloy, Stacey T Gray
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate sex differences in full professorship among a comprehensive, contemporary cohort of US academic surgeons. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous work demonstrates that women are less likely than men to be full professors in academic medicine, and in certain surgical subspecialties. Whether sex differences in academic rank exist across all surgical fields, and after adjustment for confounders, is not known. METHODS: A comprehensive list of surgeons with faculty appointments at US medical schools in 2014 was obtained from Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) faculty roster and linked to a comprehensive physician database from Doximity, an online physician networking website, which contained the following data for all physicians: sex, age, years since residency, publication number (total and first/last author), clinical trials participation, National Institutes of Health grants, and surgical subspecialty...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333106/which-point-of-care-tests-would-be-most-beneficial-to-add-to-clinical-practice-findings-from-a-survey-of-3-family-medicine-clinics-in-the-united-states
#2
Victoria Hardy, William Alto, Gina A Keppel, Laura-Mae Baldwin, Matthew Thompson
Background: Point-of-care tests (POCTs) are increasingly used in family medicine to facilitate screening, diagnosis, monitoring, treatment, and referral decisions for a variety of conditions. Point-of-care tests that clinicians believe might be beneficial to add to clinical practice and the conditions for which they would be most useful in family medicine remain poorly understood in the United States. Methods: Forty-two clinicians at 3 family medicine residency clinics completed a brief survey asking which POCTs they believed would be beneficial to add to their clinical practice and the conditions POCTs would be most useful for...
December 2017: Point of Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332145/the-experiences-and-beliefs-of-older-people-in-scottish-very-sheltered-housing-about-using-multi-compartment-compliance-aids
#3
Derek Stewart, Kathrine Gibson Smith, Joan MacLeod, Alison Strath, Vibhu Paudyal, Katrina Forbes-McKay, Scott Cunningham, Katie MacLure
Background Multi-compartment compliance aids (MCAs) are promoted as a potential solution to medicines non-adherence despite the absence of high quality evidence of effectiveness of MCA use impacting medicines adherence or any clinical outcomes. Furthermore, there is a lack of qualitative research which focuses on the perspectives of older people receiving MCAs. Objectives To describe experiences and beliefs surrounding very sheltered housing (VSH) residents' use of MCAs with emphasis on issues of personalisation, reablement, shared decision-making, independence and support...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330245/impact-of-pharmacist-previsit-input-to-providers-on-chronic-opioid-prescribing-safety
#4
Nicholas Cox, Casey R Tak, Susan E Cochella, Eric Leishman, Karen Gunning
INTRODUCTION: Primary care providers (PCPs) account for half of opioid prescriptions, often feel chronic pain patients are challenging to manage, and there is wide variability in practice patterns. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the impact of a previsit pharmacist review of high-risk patients treated with opioids for chronic pain on compliance to guideline recommendations at a family medicine residency clinic. METHODS: All adult patients with an appointment for chronic pain who were prescribed >50 morphine milligram equivalents (MMEs)/day had charts reviewed by a pharmacist before each appointment; recommendations were sent electronically to the provider before the appointment...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330235/primary-care-physician-perspectives-about-antipsychotics-and-other-medications-for-symptoms-of-dementia
#5
J William Kerns, Jonathan D Winter, Katherine M Winter, Terry Boyd, Rebecca S Etz
BACKGROUND: Guidelines, policies, and warnings have been applied to reduce the use of medications for behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Because of rare dangerous side effects, antipsychotics have been singled out in these efforts. However, antipsychotics are still prescribed "off label" to hundreds of thousands of seniors residing in nursing homes and communities. Our objective was to evaluate how and why primary-care physicians (PCPs) employ nonpharmacologic strategies and drugs for BPSD...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328018/-a-day-in-the-life-of-a-medical-resident-on-the-ward
#6
A R Schuurman, S A Bos, K de Wit, R de Graaf, W J Wiersinga
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how internal medicine residents allocate their time during a hospital dayshift on the wards. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study (time and motion study). METHODS: Data were collected from 36 internal medicine residents working at the Internal Medicine Department of the Academic Medical Centre in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Trained observers monitored 22 residents using a newly developed smartphone-application, registering their dayshift activities (meetings and education, direct patient contact, administrative tasks, lunch/break, other) and location (workstation, conference room, ward and patient rooms, other)...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324559/nurse-experiences-of-medication-administration-to-people-with-swallowing-difficulties-living-in-aged-care-facilities-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#7
Aida Sefidani Forough, Simon Y M Wong, Esther T L Lau, Jose Manuel Serrano Santos, Greg J Kyle, Kathryn J Steadman, Julie A Y Cichero, Lisa M Nissen
OBJECTIVE: To identify nurses' experiences of administering oral medications to residents of aged care facilities (ACFs) with swallowing difficulties. INTRODUCTION: Administering medicines to older people with swallowing difficulties is a challenging task. Nurses frequently modify oral medications e.g. by crushing/splitting tablets or opening capsules, to facilitate the administration process. These practices are associated with an increased risk of medication administration errors...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324048/peer-observation-of-rounds-leads-to-collegial-discussion-of-teaching
#8
J Rush Pierce, Patrick Rendón, Deepti Rao
PROBLEM: Faculty in the Division of Hospital Medicine provide most of the clinical teaching for learners at our institution. The majority of these faculty are Assistant Professors with limited formal instruction in clinical teaching. Previous Divisional strategies to improve clinical teaching ability included discussion of effective teaching behaviors, developing written expectations for teaching faculty, and instituting seminars on effective clinical teaching. Heretofore, the Division had not utilized a direct observation exercise...
January 11, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321123/comparative-analysis-of-women-with-notable-subjective-health-indicators-compared-with-participants-in-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Christoph Schnelle, Eunice J Minford, Vanessa McHardy, Jane Keep
BACKGROUND: At least six communities with unusually good health and longevity have been identified, but their lifestyles aren't adopted widely. Informal evidence suggests that women associated with Universal Medicine (UM), a complementary medicine health care organization in Eastern Australia and the United Kingdom with normal lifestyles, also have several unusual health indicators. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine how UM participants compared with women in the Australian population at large on a variety of health indicators...
January 10, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321014/current-status-of-nylon-teeth-myth-in-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Emeria Abella Mugonzibwa, Febronia Kokulengya Kahabuka, Samwel Charles Mwalutambi, Emil Namakuka Kikwilu
BACKGROUND: Nylon teeth myth is a belief of associating infant illnesses with bulges on infants' alveolus that mark the positions of underlying developing teeth and that it is necessary to treat the condition mainly by traditional healers to prevent infant death. The traditional treatment often leads to serious complications that may lead to infant death. Although the government instituted educational campaigns against the myth in 1980s to 1990s, to date, repeated unpublished reports from different parts of the country indicate continued existence of the myth...
January 10, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317001/video-based-learning-vs-traditional-lecture-for-instructing-emergency-medicine-residents-in-disaster-medicine-principles-of-mass-triage-decontamination-and-personal-protective-equipment
#11
Henry A Curtis, Karen Trang, Kevin W Chason, Paul D Biddinger
Introduction Great demands have been placed on disaster medicine educators. There is a need to develop innovative methods to educate Emergency Physicians in the ever-expanding body of disaster medicine knowledge. The authors sought to demonstrate that video-based learning (VBL) could be a promising alternative to traditional learning methods for teaching disaster medicine core competencies. Hypothesis/Problem The objective was to compare VBL to traditional lecture (TL) for instructing Emergency Medicine residents in the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP; Irving, Texas USA) disaster medicine core competencies of patient triage and decontamination...
January 10, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316948/traditional-uses-of-medicinal-plants-practiced-by-the-indigenous-communities-at-mohmand-agency-fata-pakistan
#12
Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Adnan, Amir Hasan Khan, Abdelaaty Abdelaziz Shahat, Mansour S Al-Said, Riaz Ullah
BACKGROUND: Plant-derived products have an imperative biological role against certain pathogenic organisms and were considered to be a major source of modern drugs. Rural people residing in developing countries are relying on traditional herbal medical system due to their strong believe and minimum access to allopathic medicines. Hence, ethnomedicinal knowledge is useful for the maintenance of community's based approaches under this medical system. Present study was carried out in an unexplored remote tribal area of Pakistan to investigate and document the existing ethnomedicinal knowledge on local flora...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315613/the-learning-curve-in-diagnosing-acute-appendicitis-with-emergency-sonography-among-novice-emergency-medicine-residents
#13
Jeehyun Kim, Kipum Kim, Jungwan Kim, Jungwoo Yoo, Wonjoon Jeong, Sunguk Cho, Kihyuk Joo, Yongchul Cho, Jinwoong Lee, Seung Ryu, Yeonho Yoo
PURPOSE: Ultrasonography (US) has good accuracy for diagnosing appendicitis when it is performed by emergency physicians. This study aimed to determine the amount of experience that is required to achieve competency in this field. METHODS: Three novice emergency medicine residents completed a 1-day training course regarding the US diagnosis of appendicitis. Then, they performed appendix US in the emergency department on patients complaining of right lower quadrant pain...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315426/an-e-learning-module-on-chronic-low-back-pain-in-older-adults-effect-on-medical-resident-attitudes-confidence-knowledge-and-clinical-skills
#14
Zachary G Jacobs, D Michael Elnicki, Subashan Perera, Debra K Weiner
Objective: To determine 1) the feasibility of implementing an e-learning module on chronic low back pain (CLBP) in an older adult into an existing internal medicine residency curriculum and 2) the impact of this module on resident attitudes, confidence, knowledge, and clinical skills relating to CLBP. Methods: Participants were assigned to complete either the online module (N = 73) or the Yale Office-based curriculum on CLBP (N = 70). Attitudes, confidence, and knowledge were evaluated pre- and postintervention via survey...
January 5, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313948/human-dendritic-cell-subsets-an-update
#15
REVIEW
Matthew Collin, Venetia Bigley
Dendritic cells (DC) are a class of bone marrow derived cells arising from lympho-myeloid haematopoiesis that form an essential interface between the innate sensing of pathogens and the activation of adaptive immunity. This task requires a wide range of mechanisms and responses, which are divided between three major DC subsets: plasmacytoid DC (pDC), myeloid/conventional DC1 (cDC1) and myeloid/conventional DC2 (cDC2). Each DC subset develops under the control of a specific repertoire of transcription factors involving differential levels of IRF8 and IRF4 in collaboration with PU...
January 3, 2018: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313125/update-regarding-the-society-of-american-gastrointestinal-and-endoscopic-surgeons-sages-grant-distribution-and-impact-on-recipient-s-academic-career
#16
Christopher DuCoin, Rebecca P Petersen, David Urbach, Rajesh Aggarwal, Atul K Madan, Aurora D Pryor
BACKGROUND: Small seed grants strongly impact academic careers, result in future funding, and lead to increased involvement in surgical societies. We hypothesize that, in accordance with the SAGES Research and Career Development committee mission, there has been a shift in grant support from senior faculty to residents and junior faculty. We hypothesize that these junior physician-researchers are subsequently remaining involved with SAGES and advancing within their academic institutions...
January 8, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313034/the-wyss-institute-a-new-model-for-medical-technology-innovation-and-translation-across-the-academic-industrial-interface
#17
REVIEW
Mary Tolikas, Ayis Antoniou, Donald E Ingber
The Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University was formed based on the recognition that breakthrough discoveries cannot change the world if they never leave the laboratory. The Institute's mission is to discover the biological principles that Nature uses to build living things, and to harness these insights to create biologically inspired engineering innovations to advance human health and create a more sustainable world. Since its launch in 2009, the Institute has developed a new model for innovation, collaboration, and technology translation within academia, breaking "silos" to enable collaborations that cross institutional and disciplinary barriers...
September 2017: Bioengineering & Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311441/yellow-tongue-coating-is-associated-with-diabetes-mellitus-among-japanese-non-smoking-men-and-women-the-toon-health-study
#18
Kiyohide Tomooka, Isao Saito, Shinya Furukawa, Koutatsu Maruyama, Eri Eguchi, Hiroyasu Iso, Takeshi Tanigawa
BACKGROUND: Yellow tongue coating is one of the clinical signs for diabetes mellitus according to traditional East Asian medicine. Few reports have been available on the association between yellow tongue coating and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in the general population. We examined that association among population samples of non-smoking men and women. METHODS: The study subjects were Japanese non-smoking men (n = 315) and women (n = 654) aged 30-79 years who resided in Toon city and participated in the Toon Health Study from July 2011 through November 2014...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311177/medical-students-views-of-medicine-as-a-calling-and-selection-of-a-primary-care-related-residency
#19
Audiey C Kao, Andrew J Jager
With the US health care system facing a primary care physician shortage, we evaluated whether medical students who saw medicine as a calling were more likely to enter a family medicine, internal medicine, or pediatrics residency program. Of the 591 4th-year medical students who responded to a survey item on medicine as a calling, 237 strongly agreed that the "practice of medicine is a calling." Students who strongly agreed that medicine was a calling had higher odds (P=.003) of selecting a primary care-related residency...
January 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310735/what-do-clinical-supervisors-require-to-teach-residents-in-family-medicine-how-to-care-for-seniors
#20
Anik M C Giguere, Paule Lebel, Michèle Morin, Françoise Proust, Charo Rodríguez, Valerie Carnovale, Louise Champagne, France Légaré, Pierre-Hugues Carmichael, Bernard Martineau, Philippe Karazivan, Pierre J Durand
We assessed clinicians' continuing professional development (CPD) needs at family practice teaching clinics in the province of Quebec. Our mixed methodology design comprised an environmental scan of training programs at four family medicine departments, an expert panel to determine priority clinical situations for senior care, a supervisors survey to assess their perceived CPD needs, and interviews to help understand the rationale behind their needs. From the environmental scan, the expert panel selected 13 priority situations...
January 9, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
keyword
keyword
100845
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"