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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149651/anthropometric-measurements-in-iranian-men
#1
Jaber Gharehdaghi, Maryam Baazm, Masoud Ghadipasha, Sadra Solhi, Farhoud Toutounchian
There is inevitable need for data regarding anthropometric measurements of each community's population. These anthropometric data have various applications, including health assessment, industrial designing, plastic & orthopedic surgery, nutritional studies, anatomical studies and forensic medicine investigations. Anthropometric parameters vary from race to race throughout the world, hence providing an anthropometric profile model of residents of different geographic regions seems to be necessary. To our knowledge, there is no report of bone parameters of the Iranian population...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147468/use-of-dictation-as-a-tool-to-decrease-documentation-errors-in-electronic-health-records
#2
Samer Al Hadidi, Sunil Upadhaya, Rupal Shastri, Zain Alamarat
Background: Use of Electronic Health Records is increasing. Copy-and-paste function is frequently used with higher rates of documentation errors. Studies to determine the nature of such errors are needed.Objectives: Determination of the effect of implementing a dictation system for completing notes on the quality of clinical documentation. We hypothesized that implementation of the dictation system for note writing would decrease the rate of errors in the progress notes as well as decrease the rate of copying and pasting...
2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147467/problematic-communications-during-2016-fellowship-recruitment-in-internal-medicine
#3
Patricia A Cornett, Chris Williams, Richard L Alweis, John McConville, Michael Frank, Bhavin Dalal, Richard I Kopelman, Vera P Luther, Alec B O'connor, Elaine A Muchmore
Some internal medicine residency program directors have expressed concerns that their third-year residents may have been subjected to inappropriate communication during the 2016 fellowship recruitment season. The authors sought to study applicants' interpersonal communication experiences with fellowship programs. Many respondents indicated that they had been asked questions that would constitute violations of the National Residency Matching Program (NRMP) Communications Code of Conduct agreement, including how they plan to rank specific programs...
2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144023/resident-versus-faculty-member-simulation-debriefing
#4
Traci Adams, Chad Newton, Hetal Patel, Melanie Sulistio, Andrew Tomlinson, Won Lee
BACKGROUND: Near-peer teaching is effective in graduate medical education, but it has not been compared with faculty member teaching in resident simulation. In this study, we sought to compare debriefing sessions of internal medicine (IM) intern simulation sessions led by academic faculty doctors with those led by senior IM residents in order to measure the effectiveness of near-peer teaching in this setting. Near-peer teaching is effective in graduate medical education, but has not been compared with faculty member teaching in resident simulation METHOD: Internal medicine interns participated in four simulation cases, two of which were debriefed by faculty members and two of which were debriefed by residents...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141616/contextual-factors-and-clinical-reasoning-differences-in-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-reasoning-in-board-certified-versus-resident-physicians
#5
Elexis McBee, Temple Ratcliffe, Katherine Picho, Lambert Schuwirth, Anthony R Artino, Ana Monica Yepes-Rios, Jennifer Masel, Cees van der Vleuten, Steven J Durning
BACKGROUND: The impact of context on the complex process of clinical reasoning is not well understood. Using situated cognition as the theoretical framework and videos to provide the same contextual "stimulus" to all participants, we examined the relationship between specific contextual factors on diagnostic and therapeutic reasoning accuracy in board certified internists versus resident physicians. METHODS: Each participant viewed three videotaped clinical encounters portraying common diagnoses in internal medicine...
November 15, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141330/-prenatal-supplementations-of-iron-iron-containing-multimicronutrients-and-antianemic-chinese-patent-medicines-in-women-in-shaanxi-province-2010-2013
#6
D M Liu, J M Li, P F Qu, S N Dang, X Y Wu, R Zhang, H Yan, H Yan
Objective: To understand the prevalence of prenatal supplementations of iron, iron-containing multi-micronutrients (IMMN) and antianemic Chinese patent medicines (ACPM) and associated factors in women in Shaanxi province. Methods: A sample of 28 367 childbearing-age women who gave birth during 2010-2013 and had specific information of the prenatal nutrients supplementation were recruited using stratified multistage cluster random sampling in Shaanxi province. The information about their basic characteristics and prenatal supplementation of nutrients were collected by a questionnaire survey...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141123/improving-mental-health-training-for-primary-care-residents-a-resident-led-educational-intervention
#7
Peter J Ureste, Tammy L Duong, Andreea L Seritan, Ana-Maria Iosif, Donald M Hilty
Objective: Psychiatric training in family medicine residency programs is necessary but not always sufficient. A brief educational intervention was designed to help improve family medicine residents' knowledge, comfort, and attitudes in delivering mental health care. Methods: A 6-hour didactic curriculum was taught by 2 psychiatry residents to family medicine residents between February and April 2015. Preintervention and postintervention surveys assessed participant demographics, knowledge, comfort levels, and attitudes regarding treating patients with psychiatric illness...
November 2, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141086/use-of-entrustable-professional-activities-in-the-assessment-of-surgical-resident-competency
#8
Justin P Wagner, Catherine E Lewis, Areti Tillou, Vatche G Agopian, Chi Quach, Timothy R Donahue, O Joe Hines
Importance: Competency-based assessments of surgical resident performance require metrics of entrustable autonomy. Objectives: To designate entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in global performance and in specific operations, and to identify differences in perceived capability, autonomy, and expectations between surgical faculty and residents. Design, Setting, and Participants: This survey study was conducted from August 9, 2016, through August 24, 2016, in the Department of Surgery at the UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine...
November 15, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137816/resuscitation-for-the-specialty-of-nephrology-is-cardionephrology-the-answer
#9
Janani Rangaswami, Roy O Mathew, Peter A McCullough
The specialty of nephrology faces major fellowship recruitment challenges, with ongoing declining interest among internal medicine residents. The field of Cardionephrology can help instill new interest and enthusiasm in choosing nephrology as a career amongst trainee physicians.
November 11, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135675/novel-strategies-to-improve-resident-selection-by-improving-cultural-fit-aoa-critical-issues
#10
Scott E Porter, Afshin E Razi, T Bennett Ramsey
Residency selection is a perennial multifactorial process that differs considerably from the recruitment processes that other professional occupations enjoy. The 2016 meeting of the American Orthopaedic Association's Council of Orthopaedic Residency Directors highlighted a series of symposia that sought to present a novel manner of resident selection. Specifically, the presenters for each symposium were asked to do the following: present some general recruitment best practices in industries outside of medicine, present how branding of a program may translate into a better interview season, investigate evidence that the applicant pool to orthopaedic surgery may have changed and that residency program brands may have to reflect this, and assess our current evaluation techniques for talent identification and resident selection with respect to a specific department's appearance or brand...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133506/a-physician-scientist-pathway-in-family-medicine-residency-training-programs
#11
Chyke A Doubeni, Ardis Davis, Janice L Benson, Bernard Ewigman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132255/selected-radiation-safety-aspects-including-transportation-and-lodging-after-outpatient-sup-131-sup-i-therapy-for-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#12
Cristiane Jeyce Gomes-Lima, Di Wu, Pejman H Kharazi, Gauri Khorjekar, Matthew D Ringel, Richard J Vetter, Gary Bloom, Kenneth D Burman, Leonard Wartofsky, Douglas Van Nostrand
BACKGROUND: Whether <sup>131</sup>I treatments for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) should be performed as an outpatient or inpatient remains controversial. The objective of this study was to survey selected aspects of radiation safety of patients treated with <sup>131</sup>I for DTC as an outpatient. METHODS: An e-mail invitation was sent to over 15,000 members of ThyCa: Thyroid Cancer Survivors' Association, Inc. to complete a web-based survey on selected aspects of radiation safety regarding their last outpatient <sup>131</sup>I treatment...
November 13, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131347/critical-care-ultrasound-a-national-survey-across-specialties
#13
Jeffrey R Stowell, Ross Kessler, Resa E Lewiss, Igor Barjaktarevic, Bikash Bhattarai, Napatkamon Ayutyanont, John L Kendall
PURPOSE: Management of the critically ill patient requires rapid assessment and differentiation. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) improves diagnostic accuracy and guides resuscitation. This study sought to describe the use of critical care related POCUS amongst different specialties. METHODS: This study was conducted as an online 18-question survey. Survey questions queried respondent demographics, preferences for POCUS use, and barriers to implementation. RESULTS: 2735 recipients received and viewed the survey with 416 (15...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128036/an-inexpensive-esophageal-balloon-tamponade-trainer
#14
Timothy P Young, Heather M Kuntz, Bradley Alice, Jon Roper, Mike Kiemeney
BACKGROUND: Emergency medicine practitioners must be able to perform rare, life-saving procedures. One such example is esophageal balloon tamponade, which is complex, fraught with complications, and difficult to demonstrate and practice. DISCUSSION: We constructed a simple, inexpensive model esophagus and stomach that we attached to a mannequin, allowing emergency medicine residents to visualize and practice esophageal balloon tamponade device placement. CONCLUSION: Our esophageal balloon tamponade model was easy to construct and allowed demonstration, conceptual visualization, and simulated performance of the procedure...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126439/artificial-neural-networks-to-predict-future-bone-mineral-density-and-bone-loss-rate-in-japanese-postmenopausal-women
#15
Mitsunori Shioji, Takehisa Yamamoto, Takeshi Ibata, Takayuki Tsuda, Kazushige Adachi, Noriko Yoshimura
OBJECTIVE: Predictions of the future bone mineral density and bone loss rate are important to tailor medicine for women with osteoporosis, because of the possible presence of personal risk factors affecting the severity of osteoporosis in the future. We investigated whether it was possible to predict bone mineral density and bone loss rate in the future using artificial neural networks. RESULTS: A total of 135 women over 50 years old residing in T town of Wakayama Prefecture, Japan were analyzed to establish a statistical model...
November 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126406/perceptions-of-the-2011-acgme-duty-hour-requirements-among-residents-in-all-core-programs-at-a-large-academic-medical-center
#16
Benjamin J Sandefur, Diana M Shewmaker, Christine M Lohse, Steven H Rose, James E Colletti
BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) implemented revisions to resident duty hour requirements (DHRs) in 2011 to improve patient safety and resident well-being. Perceptions of DHRs have been reported to vary by training stage and specialty among internal medicine and general surgery residents. The authors explored perceptions of DHRs among all residents at a large academic medical center. METHODS: The authors administered an anonymous cross-sectional survey about DHRs to residents enrolled in all ACGME-accredited core residency programs at their institution...
November 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125140/mouse-embryonic-stem-cells-have-increased-capacity-for-replication-fork-restart-driven-by-the-specific-filia-floped-protein-complex
#17
Bo Zhao, Weidao Zhang, Yixian Cun, Jingzheng Li, Yan Liu, Jing Gao, Hongwen Zhu, Hu Zhou, Rugang Zhang, Ping Zheng
Pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) harbor constitutive DNA replication stress during their rapid proliferation and the consequent genome instability hampers their applications in regenerative medicine. It is therefore important to understand the regulatory mechanisms of replication stress response in PSCs. Here, we report that mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are superior to differentiated cells in resolving replication stress. Specifically, ESCs utilize a unique Filia-Floped protein complex-dependent mechanism to efficiently promote the restart of stalled replication forks, therefore maintaining genomic stability...
November 10, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125004/impact-of-the-automated-dose-dispensing-with-medication-review-on-geriatric-primary-care-patients-drug-use-in-finland-a-nationwide-cohort-study-with-matched-controls
#18
Juha Sinnemäki, Marja Airaksinen, Maria Valaste, Leena K Saastamoinen
OBJECTIVE: In an automated dose dispensing (ADD) service, medicines are dispensed in unit-dose bags according to administration times. When the service is initiated, the patient's medication list is reconciled and a prescription review is conducted. The service is expected to reduce drug use. The aim of this national controlled study was to investigate whether the ADD service with medication review reduces drug use among geriatric primary care patients. DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS: This is a nationwide cohort study with matched controls...
November 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123347/referral-patterns-of-gynecological-cancer-patients-to-a-palliative-medicine-unit-a-2-years-retrospective-analysis
#19
Shrikant Atreya
Introduction: Patients with advanced gynecological malignancies often present with a high burden of symptoms endangering their quality of life. Objective: This study aims at assessing the symptom prevalence in patients with gynecological malignancies referred to palliative care and identify factors that predict high symptom burden. Methodology: This was a retrospective data analysis of gynecological cancer patients referred to palliative medicine department...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122394/scientific-notebook-software-applications-for-academic-radiology
#20
Michael L Richardson, Behrang Amini
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this article is to introduce the concept of scientific notebook software, and to illustrate how it can be used to document a research project, to perform image analysis and to create interactive teaching tools. METHODS: We describe the installation of scientific notebook software known as Project Jupyter, which is free, open-source and available for the Macintosh, Windows and Linux operating systems. RESULTS: We have created 2 scientific notebooks that demonstrate applications germane to radiologists, particularly those in academic radiology...
September 18, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
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