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Pediatric Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212419/evaluating-the-lexico-grammatical-differences-in-the-writing-of-native-and-non-native-speakers-of-english-in-peer-reviewed-medical-journals-in-the-field-of-pediatric-oncology-creation-of-the-genuine-index-scoring-system
#1
Alberto Alexander Gayle, Motomu Shimaoka
INTRODUCTION: The predominance of English in scientific research has created hurdles for "non-native speakers" of English. Here we present a novel application of native language identification (NLI) for the assessment of medical-scientific writing. For this purpose, we created a novel classification system whereby scoring would be based solely on text features found to be distinctive among native English speakers (NS) within a given context. We dubbed this the "Genuine Index" (GI). METHODOLOGY: This methodology was validated using a small set of journals in the field of pediatric oncology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212059/pediatric-chest-ct-diagnostic-reference-ranges-development-and-application
#2
Keith J Strauss, Marilyn J Goske, Alexander J Towbin, Debapriya Sengupta, Michael J Callahan, Kassa Darge, Daniel J Podberesky, Donald P Frush, Charles Maxfield, Sjirk J Westra, Jeffrey S Prince, Huimin Wu, Mythreyi Bhargavan-Chatfield
Purpose To determine diagnostic reference ranges on the basis of the size of a pediatric patient's chest and to develop a method to estimate computed tomographic (CT) scanner-specific mean size-specific dose estimates (SSDEs) as a function of patient size and the radiation output of each CT scanner at a site. Materials and Methods The institutional review boards of each center approved this retrospective, HIPAA-compliant, multicenter study; informed consent was waived. CT dose indexes (SSDE, volume CT dose index, and dose length product) of 518 pediatric patients (mean age, 9...
February 17, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211161/psoriasis-and-psoriasiform-eruptions-in-pediatric-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-treated-with-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-agents
#3
Joshua B Eickstaedt, Luke Killpack, Jeanne Tung, Dawn Davis, Jennifer L Hand, Megha M Tollefson
BACKGROUND: Anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) agents are used to treat a variety of autoimmune and inflammatory conditions, including psoriasis. Paradoxically, numerous reports have documented new-onset or exacerbation of psoriasis or psoriasiform skin lesions (PSO) in patients treated with these agents for conditions other than PSO-particularly in adults with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Not much is known regarding similar cases in children. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on children younger than 19 years of age with IBD seen at the Mayo Clinic between 2003 and 2015 who developed new-onset or recurrent PSO while undergoing anti-TNF-α therapy...
February 17, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210835/a-10-year-review-of-cannabis-exposure-in-children-under-3-years-of-age-do-we-need-a-more-global-approach
#4
Isabelle Claudet, Mathilde Le Breton, Camille Bréhin, Nicolas Franchitto
: Pediatricians working in an emergency environment are confronted with children admitted to emergency departments for intoxication on a daily basis. We carried out a retrospective cohort study of children admitted to a pediatric emergency department due to unintentional cannabis exposure over a 10-year period from 2004 to 2014. Twenty-nine children under the age of 3 were admitted with a positive cannabis urine test. Eighty-seven percent of intoxications occurred at the family home. Resin was the main form of ingested cannabis (69%)...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210820/update-review-and-clinical-presentation-in-adult-inferior-dislocation-of-hip
#5
REVIEW
Kevin Syam, Balaji Saibaba, Sameer Aggarwal, Sivaswaminathan Santhanam, Gopinath Palanisamy
Inferior dislocation of the hip is a rare clinical entity, wherein closed reduction maneuver could be challenging, especially if the attending surgeon is not familiar with the specific anatomy associated with this injury. Due to the rarity of this type of injury, large case series are lacking in the literature; hence, case reports form the major source of our knowledge regarding the clinical presentation and management. An extensive literature search revealed a change in age group presenting with this specific injury, with a male predilection...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209702/primary-care-specialty-career-choice-among-canadian-medical-students-understanding-the-factors-that-influence-their-decisions
#6
Heather Ann Osborn, Jordan T Glicksman, Michael G Brandt, Philip C Doyle, Kevin Fung
OBJECTIVE: To identify which factors influence medical students' decision to choose a career in family medicine and pediatrics, and which factors influence their decision to choose careers in non-front-line specialties. DESIGN: Survey that was created based on a comprehensive literature review to determine which factors are considered important when choosing practice specialty. SETTING: Ontario medical school. PARTICIPANTS: An open cohort of medical students in the graduating classes of 2008 to 2011 (inclusive)...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209637/the-impact-of-payer-source-on-trauma-outcomes-in-a-pediatric-population
#7
Felecia A Lee, Ashley M Hervey, Arash Sattarin, Aaron Deeds, Gina M Berg, Kimberly Molik
OBJECTIVES: Determine if there were differences in conclusions drawn regarding disparities in trauma outcomes based on literature-derived payer source definitions in a pediatric population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective registry review of admitted pediatric trauma patients (≤17 years of age) at a level II pediatric trauma facility. Eligible patients were categorized into 3 payer source definitions: definition 1: commercially insured, Medicaid, uninsured; definition 2: insured, uninsured; definition 3: commercially insured, underinsured...
February 16, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209548/the-iatrogenic-fibroepithelial-polyps-in-children-with-hydronephrosis
#8
Houwei Lin, Maosheng Xu, Dapeng Jiang, Guofeng Xu, Xiaoliang Fang, Lei He, Hongquan Geng
OBJECTIVE: To discover the possible factor of the iatrogenic fibroepithelial polyps. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 28 pediatric patients who have undergone pyeloplasties for ureteropelvic junction obstructio with pathologically proven FEPs was performed from January 2009 to June 2016 at our hospital. Among them, six patients without apparent FEPs at the time of the first pyeloplasty were found to have FEPs at the time of reoperation. The medical history and clinical, diagnostic, intraoperative, pathologic, and follow-up data of the six patients were reviewed...
February 13, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209468/characteristics-of-nontyphoidal-salmonella-gastroenteritis-in-taiwanese-children-a-9-year-period-retrospective-medical-record-review
#9
Yeh-Ting Hung, Chorng-Jang Lay, Chun-Lung Wang, Malcolm Koo
Nontyphoidal Salmonella is among the most common causes of acute pediatric gastroenteritis in Taiwan. It is important to study antibiotic resistance patterns in nontyphoidal Salmonella isolated from children. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of serogroups and susceptibility to antimicrobial nontyphoidal Salmonella isolated from Taiwanese children with gastroenteritis. A retrospective review of the medical records of patients aged under 18 years with a diagnosis of acute gastroenteritis at a regional hospital located in southern Taiwan from August 2000 to August 2009 was conducted...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209418/sporadic-desmoid-tumors-in-the-pediatric-population-a-single-center-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Vered Shkalim Zemer, Helen Toledano, Liora Kornreich, Enrique Freud, Eli Atar, Smadar Avigad, Galina Feinberg-Gorenshtein, Suzana Fichman, Josephine Issakov, Tal Dujovny, Isaac Yaniv, Shifra Ash
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: We present our long experience with desmoid tumors in children. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from 17 children/adolescents treated for sporadic desmoid tumors at a tertiary pediatric hospital in 1988-2016. There were 10 girls and 7 boys aged 1-17years. Tumor sites included head and neck, trunk, extremity, and groin. Eight patients underwent radical resection, with complete remission in 7 and local relapse in one which was treated with chemotherapy...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209311/mri-findings-of-optic-pathway-involvement-in-miller-fisher-syndrome-in-3-pediatric-patients-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
Ajay Malhotra, Mia Zhang, Xiao Wu, Shanu Jindal, David Durand, Naila Makhani
BACKGROUND: Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) is a rare demyelinating condition which may have involvement of cranial nerves. There are a few case reports of optic pathway involvement in children. We describe 3 patients with optic pathway enhancement in pediatric patients with MFS. CASE SERIES: We retrospectively reviewed brain imaging findings in 17 pediatric patients with of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) meeting Brighton criteria who had brain MRIs performed during their acute illness...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209292/cholesterol-screening-and-treatment-practices-and-preferences-a-survey-of-united-states-pediatricians
#12
Sarah D de Ferranti, Angie Mae Rodday, Susan K Parsons, William L Cull, Karen G O'Connor, Stephen R Daniels, Laurel K Leslie
OBJECTIVES: To determine pediatricians' practices, attitudes, and barriers regarding screening for and treatment of pediatric dyslipidemias in 9- to 11-year-olds and 17- to 21-year-olds. STUDY DESIGN: American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2013-2014 Periodic Survey of a national, randomly selected sample of 1627 practicing AAP physicians. Pediatricians' responses were described and modeled. RESULTS: Of 614 (38%) respondents who met eligibility criteria, less than half (46%) were moderately/very knowledgeable about the 2008 AAP cholesterol statement; fewer were well-informed about 2011 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Guidelines or 2007 US Preventive Service Task Force review (both 26%)...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208961/fracture-supracondylar-humerus-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Vineet Kumar, Ajai Singh
Fracture supracondylar humerus is one of the most common fractures encountered in pediatric age group at all levels (both rural and urban). Thus it needs a special review in its management protocol as per the changing trend. Modified Gartland classification is the most accepted classification and has its importance in decision making regarding management and prognosis. Neurovascular complications are mostly associated with Type III A, III B and Type IV variety and they most of the time need surgical intervention for stabilization, exploration of brachial artery, sometimes median nerve exploration and reduction of fracture...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208178/lingual-tonsillectomy-for-treatment-of-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-meta-analysis
#14
Kun-Tai Kang, Peter J Koltai, Chia-Hsuan Lee, Ming-Tzer Lin, Wei-Chung Hsu
Importance: Evidence indicates correlations between lingual tonsil hypertrophy and pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, to our knowledge, a meta-analysis of surgical outcomes for lingual tonsillectomy in children with OSA has not been conducted. Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic outcomes of lingual tonsillectomy for treatment of pediatric OSA. Data Sources: The study protocol was registered on PROSPERO (CRD42015027053). PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Reviews databases were searched independently by 2 authors for relevant articles published by September 2016...
February 16, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207982/understanding-ethical-issues-of-research-participation-from-the-perspective-of-participating-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#15
Stacey Crane, Marion E Broome
BACKGROUND: The past 20 years have seen distinct shifts in the way the participation of children and adolescents in research is viewed. This has been emphasized by the growing pediatric research enterprise. Additional information on children's and adolescents' experiences during research participation is needed to better inform researchers on the ethical conduct of research with this vulnerable population. AIMS: The objective of this analysis was to examine ethical issues in research with children and adolescents from their perspective as participants, including: assent, parental consent, risk perception, impact of research participation, and incentives...
February 16, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207971/emergency-department-initiated-home-oxygen-for-bronchiolitis-a-prospective-study-of-community-follow-up-caregiver-satisfaction-and-outcomes
#16
Julia Fuzak Freeman, Sara Deakyne, Lalit Bajaj
OBJECTIVE: Retrospective studies performed have shown home oxygen to be a safe alternative to hospitalization for some patients with bronchiolitis living at high altitudes. We aimed to prospectively describe adverse events, follow-up, duration of home oxygen, factors associated with failure, and caregiver preferences. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of hypoxemic bronchiolitis patients ages 3-18months who were discharged from a tertiary care pediatric emergency department on home oxygen over 3 winters (2011-2014)...
February 16, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207965/is-colchicine-more-effective-to-prevent-pfapa-episodes-in-mefv-variants
#17
Muhammed Gunes, Sukru Cekic, Sara Sebnem Kilic
BACKGROUND: Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome is the most frequent repetitive fever syndrome in childhood. It is characterized with fever episodes lasting for about three to six days, once every three to eight weeks. METHODS: Clinical and laboratory data of patients with PFAPA syndrome between January 2010 and December 2014 followed up at a tertiary pediatric care hospital were reviewed. RESULTS: Four-hundred children (256 male, 144 female), the mean age at diagnosis was 4...
February 16, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207604/memory-rehabilitation-strategies-in-nonsurgical-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-a-review
#18
Alessandra Del Felice, Marzia Alderighi, Matteo Martinato, Davide Grisafi, Anna Bosco, Pamela J Thompson, Josemir W Sander, Stefano Masiero
People with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) who have not undergone epilepsy surgery often complain of memory deficits. Cognitive rehabilitation is employed as a remedial intervention in clinical settings, but research is limited and findings concerning efficacy and the criteria for choosing different approaches have been inconsistent. We aimed to appraise existing evidence on memory rehabilitation in nonsurgical individuals with temporal lobe epilepsy and to ascertain the effectiveness of specific strategies. A scoping review was preferred given the heterogeneous nature of the interventions...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207474/risk-of-colectomy-in-patients-with-pediatric-onset-ulcerative-colitis
#19
Firas Rinawi, Amit Assa, Rami Eliakim, Yael Mozer Glassberg, Vered Nachmias Friedler, Yaron Niv, Yoram Rosenbach, Ari Silbermintz, Noam Zevit, Raanan Shamir
OBJECTIVES: Data describing the incidence and risk factors for colectomy in pediatric ulcerative colitis (UC) is inconsistent. Our aim was to describe the colectomy rate and to identify risk factors associated with colectomy in a large cohort of children with UC with long term follow up. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of pediatric UC cases that were diagnosed at Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel between 1981 to 2013. Potential predictors for colectomy including age at diagnosis, gender, disease extent, severity indices and different therapeutic regimens during disease course were assessed...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206897/retrospective-study-of-the-survival-rates-of-indirect-pulp-therapy-versus-different-pulpotomy-medicaments
#20
Patrice Barsamian Wunsch, Marissa M Kuhnen, Al M Best, Tegwyn H Brickhouse
PURPOSE: The purposes of this retrospective chart review were to determine: (1) how primary molars in need of vital pulp therapy (VPT) have been treated over a period of four years at a university-based pediatric dental practice (UBP); and which treatments-indirect pulp therapy (IPT), formocresol pulpotomy (FCP), and ferric sulfate pulpotomy (FSP)-have been successful. METHODS: Electronic patient records (axiUm) that contained the procedure codes D3120 (pulp cap-indirect) or D3220 (therapeutic pulpotomy) were totaled by year...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
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