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Venous ulcer

Anna L Hronek, Seth N Clark, Gregg Young, Daniel Kinikini, Jason Wells
Acroangiodermatitis (AAD), also known as pseudo-Kaposi's sarcoma, is an uncommon benign angioproliferative condition most commonly seen in the lower extremities. This condition often presents as discolored patches that progress to painful ulcerations. The list of vascular conditions associated with this diagnosis is vast. Acroangiodermatitis presents similarly to more aggressive conditions such as Kaposi's sarcoma, making histopathologic examination helpful in its diagnosis. We present two cases of AAD in the setting of chronic venous insufficiency...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Ujjal Poddar, Vibhor Borkar, Surender Kumar Yachha, Anshu Srivastava
Background and study aims: In view of the paucity of literature, we carried out this audit to evaluate the safety and efficacy of N- butyl, 2-cynoacrylate glue injection therapy in secondary prophylaxis of gastric varices in children. Patients and methods: Consecutive children (≤ 18 years) with non-cirrhotic portal hypertension who presented with bleeding from gastric varices and who had undergone cyanoacrylate glue injection therapy were included. They were evaluated for safety, efficacy and complications...
October 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Banafsheh Bakhshoude, Hassan Ravari, Gholam Hosein Kazemzadeh, Masoud Pezeshki Rad
INTRODUCTION: Currently, venography is the standard diagnostic method to examine veins before implementing access, which is invasive in nature. Computerized tomography venography (CTV) can simultaneously indicate deep and superficial venous systems in the upper extremity and their relation to the surrounding anatomical structures; however, its diagnostic value in the detection of central venous disease has yet to be defined. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of CT venography compared to venography in the diagnosis of stenosis and the occlusion of subclavian veins and the superior vena in renal failure patients...
August 2016: Electronic Physician
Carmen Folguera-Álvarez, Sofia Garrido-Elustondo, José Verdú-Soriano, Diana García-García-Alcalá, Mónica Sánchez-Hernández, Oscar German Torres-de Castro, Maria Luisa Barceló-Fidalgo, Olga Martínez-González, Lidia Ardiaca-Burgués, Carmen Solano-Villarrubia, Pilar Raquel Lebracón-Cortés, Carmen Molins-Santos, Mar Fresno-Flores, Maria Carmen Cánovas-Lago, Luisa Fernanda Benito-Herranz, Maria Teresa García-Sánchez, Olga Castillo-Pla, María Sol Morcillo-San Juan, Maria Begoña Ayuso-de la Torre, Pilar Burgos-Quintana, Ana López-Torres-Escudero, Gema Ballesteros-García, Piedad García-Cabeza, Maria Ángeles de Francisco-Casado, Milagros Rico-Blázquez
BACKGROUND: Chronic venous insufficiency, in its final stage can cause venous ulcers. Venous ulcers have a prevalence of 0.5 % to 0.8 % in the general population, and increases starting at 60 years of age. This condition often causes increased dependency in affected individuals, as well as a perceived reduced quality of life and family overload. Local Treating chronic venous ulcers has 2 components: topically healing the ulcer and controlling the venous insufficiency. There is evidence that compressive therapy favours the healing process of venous ulcers...
2016: BMC Nursing
K Ye, X Lu, W Li, M Yin, X Liu, J Qin, G Liu, M Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the technical aspects and short-term clinical results of stent placement for chronic occlusion of a filter-bearing inferior vena cava (IVC) in patients with severe post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 24 patients with severe PTS associated with occlusion of a filter-bearing IVC treated by stent placement was conducted at a single institution from January 2010 to December 2014. Patient-reported quality of life and limb Villalta scores were evaluated before and after treatment by questionnaire and clinical examination, respectively...
October 14, 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
María-Luisa Martínez, Eduardo Escario, Enrique Poblet, David Sánchez, Fernando-Francisco Buchón, Ander Izeta, Francisco Jimenez
BACKGROUND: A prominent role of hair follicle-derived cells in epidermal wound closure is now well established but clinical translation of basic research findings is scarce. Although skin punch grafts have been used as a therapeutic intervention to improve healing of chronic leg ulcers, they are normally harvested from nonhairy areas, thus not taking advantage of the reported role of the hair follicle as a wound-healing promoter. OBJECTIVE: We sought to substantiate the role of hair follicles in venous leg ulcer healing by transplanting hair follicle-containing versus nonhairy punch grafts...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Kashif Rahim, Shamim Saleha, Xudong Zhu, Liang Huo, Abdul Basit, Octavio Luiz Franco
A wound is damage of a tissue usually caused by laceration of a membrane, generally the skin. Wound healing is accomplished in three stages in healthy individuals, including inflammatory, proliferative, and remodeling stages. Healing of wounds normally starts from the inflammatory phase and ends up in the remodeling phase, but chronic wounds remain in an inflammatory stage and do not show progression due to some specific reasons. Chronic wounds are classified in different categories, such as diabetic foot ulcer (DFU), venous leg ulcers (VLU) and pressure ulcer (PU), surgical site infection (SSI), abscess, or trauma ulcers...
October 14, 2016: Microbial Ecology
Luis D Pacheco, Antonio F Saad, Gary D V Hankins, Giuseppe Chiosi, George Saade
Guillain-Barré syndrome has been reported in pregnancy and is a potentially lethal condition. It affects the nervous system with acute onset of symmetric ascending weakness and may result in frank respiratory failure and autonomic dysfunction. Most patients recall symptoms of a respiratory or gastrointestinal illness in the weeks preceding the onset of weakness. Recent evidence suggests a potential role of the Zika virus as a trigger for the syndrome. The diagnosis of Guillain-Barré is clinical. Supportive measures include venous thromboembolism prophylaxis, aggressive physical therapy, pressure ulcer prevention, enteral nutrition, and respiratory support...
October 6, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Francesco De Francesco, Antonio Graziano, Letizia Trovato, Gabriele Ceccarelli, Maurizio Romano, Marco Marcarelli, Gabriella Maria Casella De Angelis, Umberto Cillo, Michele Riccio, Giuseppe Andrea Ferraro
BACKGROUND: The etiology of non-healing ulcers depends on both systemic and local factors. The introduction of advanced dressing, negative wound therapy and compression therapy have undoubtedly improved clinical outcomes. The principal aim of study was to demonstrate the efficacy of dermal micrografts in the treatment of ulcers with different etiologies. The second aim was to investigate in vitro the action of micrografts in the regenerative process. METHODS: The dermal micro-grafts were obtained from mechanical disaggregation of small pieces of skin tissue through a medical device called Rigeneracons...
October 13, 2016: Stem Cell Reviews
Kehua Zhou, Peng Jia
Depression slows wound healing in patients with chronic wounds. The prevalence of depressive symptoms differs in the literature and the current understandings of factors related to depression in patients with wounds have been limited. To investigate the prevalence of depressive symptoms and the associated factors in patients with wounds, we performed this retrospective study in which depressive symptoms were evaluated with the Patient Health Questionnaire 9-item (PHQ-9). Valid PHQ-9 scores were collected from 222 patients (112 males and 110 females; age: 64...
September 26, 2016: Wound Repair and Regeneration
Carlos García Encinas, Patricia Guzmán Rojas, Jorge Espinoza-Rios, Víctor Aguilar Sánchez, Eduar Bravo Paredes, Andrea Portocarrero, Jorge Huerta-Mercado, Jaime Cáceres Pizarro, Alejandro Bussalleu Rivera
Inflammatory bowel disease is associated with extraintestinal manifestations. Among these manifestations is the venous tromboembolism which presents a risk three times more than that presented in general population. We report the case of a 61-year-old male with a history of abdominal pain, chronic diarrhea and fever, with leukocytosis, and fecal samples containing leukocytes, partial ileal stenosis with multiple ulcers in the enteroscopy, with histologic findings compatible with Crohn's disease. The patient has a good outcome with prednisone and maintenence azathioprine, presenting at the fifth month deep venous thrombosis of both lower extremities that resolvewith anticoagulation treatment...
July 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
Heinrich Ebner, Francesco Stillo, Gaetano Lanza, Nicola Mangialardi, Giovanni B Agus, Marco Apperti, Eugenio Bernardini, Marcello Bernardini, Benedetto Bernardo, Giuseppe Bianchini, Roberto Bisacci, Stefano Camparini, Nicola Chiulli, Domenico Corda, Aldo Crespi, Antonio De Fiores, Roberto Di Mitri, Walter Dorigo, Juliane A Ebner, Guglielmo Emanuelli, Francesco Ferrara, Giuseppe Genovese, Elena Giacomelli, Benedetta Giannasio, Bruno Gossetti, Mirko Guerra, Vincenzo Mattaliano, Antonello Musiani, Olindo Pieroni, Riccardo Piccioli, Massimo Pisacreta, Carlo Pratesi, Sonia Ronchey, Gennaro Quarto, Antonio Sellitti, Giovanni M Spinelli, Enzo Strati, Antonio Tori, Marco Viani, Pierluigi Zolesio
Phlebology is not a specialty for its own in Italy. Phlebological patients are treated by vascular and general surgeons, dermatologists, phlebologists, angiologists, internists and even general practitioners. Even tough guidelines present a series of recommendations based on evidence-based medicine, guidelines may also be a tool to unify the diagnostic and therapeutic approach in a vast medical field like phlebology. Since vascular surgeons and phlebologists are particularly involved in phlebology-related pathologies the scientific societies of the Italian Society of Phlebology (SIF) and the Italian Society for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery (SICVE) decided to cooperate for the preparation of phlebo-lymphological guidelines...
August 2016: Minerva Cardioangiologica
Kehua Zhou, Ronald Schenk, Michael S Brogan
BACKGROUND: Electric stimulation (E-stim) has been found to be an effective treatment in improving wound healing rates. However, the wound healing trajectory and its related predictors for complete wound closure (CWC) have not been reported with E-stim treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study. Data on 159 patients treated at an outpatient wound clinic utilizing combined intervention of E-stim and conventional care were included. The Kaplan Meier healing curve together with linear regression models depicted the percentage of patients with CWC against time...
October 6, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
Irene Braithwaite, Bernadette De Ruyter, Alex Semprini, Stefan Ebmeier, Grant Kiddle, Nigel Willis, John Carter, Mark Weatherall, Richard Beasley
OBJECTIVES: To determine the likely enrolment rate of eligible participants into a randomised controlled trial (RCT) in which a within-cast intermittent pneumatic compression device using Jet Impulse Technology (IPC/JIT) is 1 of 3 possible interventions in a RCT for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in the clinical setting of isolated lower limb cast immobilisation. DESIGN: A prospective, open-label feasibility study of the IPC/JIT device placed within a lower limb cast...
October 4, 2016: BMJ Open
Lynn Welsh
AIM: To analyse current evidence on the efficacy of bandage systems containing both elastic and inelastic components (Mixed Component Systems MCSs). BACKGROUND: International consensus on the efficacy of types of compression systems is difficult to achieve; however MCSs are being promoted as combining the best properties of both elastic and inelastic bandage systems and increasingly being used to treat venous leg ulcers (VLUs) in practice. DESIGN: Systematic Literature Review...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Illymack Cf de Araújo, Elenice Defune, Luciana Pf Abbade, Hélio A Miot, Matheus Bertanha, Lídia R de Carvalho, Rosana R Ferreira, Winston B Yoshida
OBJECTIVES: Compare the efficacy and safety of fibrin gel to 8% papain gel for wound dressing of venous ulcers. METHOD: Patients with chronic venous ulcers were randomly assigned to one in three groups: Group 1-fibrin gel; Group 2-8% papain gel; Group 3-carbopol gel (control). Patients were seen every 15 days during 2 months, verifying reduction of the ulcer area, local infection, exudation, and epithelization. All serious or nonserious adverse events were recorded...
October 4, 2016: Phlebology
Igal Kushnir, Alon Kushnir, Thomas E Serena, Doron Garfinkel
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a novel method using an autologous whole blood clot formed with the RedDress Wound Care System (RD1, RedDress Ltd, Israel), a provisional whole blood clot matrix used in the treatment of chronic wounds of various etiologies. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients were treated at the bedside with the whole blood clot matrix. Blood was withdrawn from each patient using citrate, mixed with a calcium gluconate/kaolin suspension, and injected into an RD1 clotting tray...
September 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Mehrab Dashtdar, Mohammad Reza Dashtdar, Babak Dashtdar, Gazala Afreen Khan, Karima Kardi
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to obtain a natural antibiotic from Phenol-rich compounds; for the dressing and the treatment of chronic wounds. METHODS: The Phenol-rich compound sweet gel was prepared by blending four natural herbal extracts, Acacia catechu (L.F.), Momia (Shilajit), Castanea sativa, and Ephedra sinica stapf, with combination of a sweet gel medium, including honey, maple saps, Phoenix dactylifera L. (date), pomegranate extract and Azadirachta indica gum as a stabilizer...
September 2016: Journal of Pharmacopuncture
Kohei Matsumoto, Hiroya Ueyama, Kenshi Matsumoto, Yoichi Akazawa, Hiroyuki Komori, Tsutomu Takeda, Takashi Murakami, Daisuke Asaoka, Mariko Hojo, Natsumi Tomita, Akihito Nagahara, Yoshiaki Kajiyama, Takashi Yao, Sumio Watanabe
AIM: To investigate clinicopathological features of early stage gastric cancer with enteroblastic differentiation (GCED). METHODS: We retrospectively investigated data on 6 cases of early stage GCED and 186 cases of early stage conventional gastric cancer (CGC: well or moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma) who underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection or endoscopic mucosal resection from September 2011 to February 2015 in our hospital. GCED was defined as a tumor having a primitive intestine-like structure composed of cuboidal or columnar cells with clear cytoplasm and immunohistochemical positivity for either alpha-fetoprotein, Glypican 3 or SALL4...
September 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
A Shaharudin, Z Aziz
OBJECTIVE: Hyaluronic acid (HA) and its derivatives are used for chronic wounds, but evidence of their effectiveness remains unclear. The aim of this study was to provide more updated evidence for the effectiveness of HA (or its derivatives) compared with placebo or other agents for promoting healing in chronic wounds. METHOD: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE via Ovid Online, CINAHL and the EMBASE via EBSCO host databases were searched...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Wound Care
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