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A K Winter, M E Martinez, F T Cutts, W J Moss, M Ferrari, A McKee, J Lessler, K Hayford, J Wallinga, C J E Metcalf
Control efforts for measles and rubella are intensifying globally. It becomes increasingly important to identify and reach remaining susceptible populations as elimination is approached. Serological surveys for measles and rubella can potentially measure susceptibility directly, but their use remains rare. Here, using simulations, we outline key subtleties in interpretation associated with the dynamic context of age-specific immunity, highlighting how the patterns of immunity predicted from disease surveillance and vaccination coverage data may be misleading...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Jamie McCann, Tae-Soo Jang, Jiri Macas, Gerald M Schneeweiss, Nicholas J Matzke, Petr Novák, Tod F Stuessy, José L Villaseñor, Hanna Weiss-Schneeweiss
Allopolyploidy has played an important role in the evolution of the flowering plants. Genome mergers are often accompanied by significant and rapid alterations of genome size and structure via chromosomal rearrangements and altered dynamics of tandem and dispersed repetitive DNA families. Recent developments in sequencing technologies and bioinformatic methods allow for a comprehensive investigation of the repetitive component of plant genomes. Interpretation of evolutionary dynamics following allopolyploidization requires both the knowledge of parentage and the age of origin of an allopolyploid...
March 19, 2018: Systematic Biology
Avani A Pendse, Anna E Bauer, Leslie Dodd, Lori Scanga
Objectives: To determine if concomitant high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV-HR) reflex testing may bias the cytologic interpretation of Papanicolaou (Pap) tests. Methods: Percentage of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) and HPV-HR positivity was compared between Pap tests with HPV-HR cotesting and HPV-HR reflex testing for ASCUS, with subset analysis of cytopathologists' experience. Results: ASCUS in the reflex group (41...
March 17, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
Riza Eka Saputra, Yayuk Astuti, Adi Darmawan
This work investigated the synthesis of dimethoxydimethylsilane:tetraethoxysilane (DMDMS:TEOS) silica thin films as well as the effect of DMDMS:TEOS molar ratios and calcination temperature on hydrophobic properties of silica thin films and its correlation with the FTIR spectra behaviour. The silica thin films were synthesized by sol-gel method using combination of DMDMS and TEOS as silica precursors, ethanol as solvent and ammonia as catalyst, with DMDMS and TEOS molar ratio of 10:90, 25:75, 50:50, 75:25 and 90:10...
March 14, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Bhavik N Modi, Kalpa De Silva, Ronak Rajani, Nick Curzen, Divaka Perera
Importance: Ischemia-guided revascularization is the cornerstone of contemporary management of coronary artery disease and has evolved from noninvasive functional evaluation to real-time assessment with invasive physiological indices during diagnostic catheterization. However, serial/diffuse disease is common, and revascularization decisions often need to be made about individual lesions within the same vessel. It is unclear whether current physiological techniques, such as fractional flow reserve, can be reliably used to discern the individual contribution of lesions within a serially diseased vessel with erroneous measurements, potentially leading to suboptimal revascularization decisions...
March 21, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
Jéssica Rauane Teixeira Martins, Bruna Gabrielly Pereira Alexandre, Valéria Conceição de Oliveira, Selma Maria da Fonseca Viegas
OBJECTIVE: To understand, from the perspective of the professional, the Permanent Education (PE) in the vaccination room in its real context. METHOD: Multiple holistic-qualitative case studies, based on Maffesoli's Interpretive Sociology with 56 participants from four microregions of the Western Extended Region of Minas Gerais State. RESULTS: They present PE as infrequent and insufficient. They denote that the practical-theoretical experience with vaccine contributes to the work; the search for knowledge, starting from the professional itself; and the professional training fails to perform in the vaccination room...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Ana Celia Caetano, Sara Dias, André Santa-Cruz, Carla Rolanda
BACKGROUND: Recently, the Obstructed Defecation Syndrome score (ODS score) was developed and validated by Renzi to assess clinical staging and to allow evaluation and comparison of the efficacy of treatment of this disorder. OBJECTIVE: Our goal is to validate the Portuguese version of Renzi ODS score, according to the Consensus based Standards for the selection of the Health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) checklist. METHODS: Following guidelines for cross-cultural validity, Renzi ODS score was translated into the Portuguese language...
January 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Tomáš Glomb, Adam Mertel, Zdeněk Pospíšil, Zdeněk Stachoň, Aleš Chalupa
Early in the Ptolemaic era, Egyptian cults, particularly those of Isis and Sarapis, spread successfully to ports across the ancient Aegean Sea. Leading researchers in the field claim that the spread of these cults was influenced by multiple factors, ones that were mainly economic or political in character. However, the question of which factors had more weight or impact than others in the process of the early spread of Egyptian cults has not yet been answered in academic discussion. This could be related to the fact that the issue of the spread of religious innovations in the ancient Mediterranean has been addressed mainly by established historiographical methods such as the collection and critical analysis of archaeological and literary sources...
2018: PloS One
Yanting Luo, Jianlin He, Xiguang Xu, Ming-An Sun, Xiaowei Wu, Xuemei Lu, Hehuang Xie
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) consist of a population of self-renewing cells displaying extensive phenotypic and functional heterogeneity. Research towards the understanding of the epigenetic mechanisms underlying the heterogeneity among ESCs is still in its initial stage. Key issues, such as how to identify cell-subset specifically methylated loci and how to interpret the biological meanings of methylation variations remain largely unexplored. To fill in the research gap, we implemented a computational pipeline to analyze single-cell methylome and to perform an integrative analysis with single-cell transcriptome data...
March 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
Simon Heeke, Véronique Hofman, Elodie Long-Mira, Virginie Lespinet, Salomé Lalvée, Olivier Bordone, Camille Ribeyre, Virginie Tanga, Jonathan Benzaquen, Sylvie Leroy, Charlotte Cohen, Jérôme Mouroux, Charles Hugo Marquette, Marius Ilié, Paul Hofman
Background : With the integration of various targeted therapies into the clinical management of patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma, next-generation sequencing (NGS) has become the technology of choice and has led to an increase in simultaneously interrogated genes. However, the broader adoption of NGS for routine clinical practice is still hampered by sophisticated workflows, complex bioinformatics analysis and medical interpretation. Therefore, the performance of the novel QIAGEN GeneReader NGS system was compared to an in-house ISO-15189 certified Ion PGM NGS platform...
March 21, 2018: Cancers
Bastien Gregoire, Géraldine Pina-Jomir, Alexandre Bani-Sadr, Caroline Moreau-Triby, Marc Janier, Christian Scheiber
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the minimum acquisition time without decreasing lesion detectability of bone SPECT using a whole-body cadmium-zinc-telluride camera. METHODS: Patients referred for bone SPECT were retrospectively included. SPECT of 30 patients were reframed from native data (16 s/projection) to produce 10-, 5-, and 3-s/projection data sets. A "critical" acquisition time/projection was defined as that below which the SPECT quality becomes insufficient for interpretation, as determined by 3 reviewers using a 4-point scale (0 = quality insufficient for interpretation, 1 = average, 2 = good, 3 = excellent)...
March 20, 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Arthur H Owora
Contradictory evidence exists on the role of Major depression disorder (MDD) as a predictor of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease progression, particularly regarding the effect of MDD presence versus pattern of illness. The objective of this study was to examine whether MDD status and pattern of illness differentially predict HIV disease progression. Retrospective cohort data from a six-year follow-up of HIV patients at an outpatient clinic were analyzed. MDD trajectories were identified by latent class growth analysis and generalized linear mixed models were used to examine their relation to low CD4+ T-lymphocyte counts (<200 cells/μL) during follow-up...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Uriel N Morzan, Diego J Alonso de Armiño, Nicolás O Foglia, Francisco Ramírez, Mariano C González Lebrero, Damián A Scherlis, Darío A Estrin
The applications of multiscale quantum-classical (QM-MM) approaches have shown an extraordinary expansion and diversification in the last couple of decades. A great proportion of these efforts have been devoted to interpreting and reproducing spectroscopic experiments in a variety of complex environments such as solutions, interfaces, and biological systems. Today, QM-MM-based computational spectroscopy methods constitute accomplished tools with refined predictive power. The present review summarizes the advances that have been made in QM-MM approaches to UV-visible, Raman, IR, NMR, electron paramagnetic resonance, and Mössbauer spectroscopies, providing in every case an introductory discussion of the corresponding methodological background...
March 21, 2018: Chemical Reviews
Astrid Marais
By allowing a woman to terminate the life of the embryo, the law of 17 January 1975 leads us to ask the question about how to qualify the embryo. Is it a thing or a person ? Subordinate to the birth of a viable, living being, the embryo can have no acknowledged legal personality. Its particularity must nevertheless be noted : it is the only thing in law that is likely to become a person. So, conjugated in the present (The reality of the present : the embryo is a thing), the embryo is without doubt a thing.This qualification is implicit and results from an a contrario interpretation of article 16 CC...
March 7, 2018: Journal International de Bioéthique et D'éthique des Sciences
Jan Streuff, Daniel Himmel, Sara L Younas
The computational investigation of a titanium-catalysed reductive radical-radical coupling is reported. The results match the conclusions from an earlier experimental study and enable a further interpretation of the previously observed complex reaction kinetics. Furthermore, the interplay between neutral and cationic reaction pathways in titanium(iii)-catalysed reactions is investigated for the first time. The results show that hydrochloride additives and reaction byproducts play an important role in the respective equilibria...
March 21, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
J M Hughes, C Penney, S Boyd, P Daley
Commercial point-of-care (POC) diagnostic tests for Group A Streptococcus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and influenza virus have large potential diagnostic and financial impact. Many published reports on test performance, often funded by diagnostics companies, are prone to bias. The Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD 2015) are a protocol to encourage accurate, transparent reporting. The Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS-2) tool evaluates risk of bias and transportability of results...
March 21, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
Sing-Han Huang, Yu-Shu Lo, Yong-Chun Luo, Yu-Yao Tseng, Jinn-Moon Yang
BACKGROUND: One of the crucial steps toward understanding the associations among molecular interactions, pathways, and diseases in a cell is to investigate detailed atomic protein-protein interactions (PPIs) in the structural interactome. Despite the availability of large-scale methods for analyzing PPI networks, these methods often focused on PPI networks using genome-scale data and/or known experimental PPIs. However, these methods are unable to provide structurally resolved interaction residues and their conservations in PPI networks...
March 19, 2018: BMC Systems Biology
A C L Holden
The rise and persistence of a commercial model of healthcare and the potential shift towards the commodification of dental services, provided to consumers, should provoke thought about the nature and purpose of dentistry and whether this paradigm is cause for concern. Within this article, whether dentistry is a commodity and the legitimacy of dentistry as a business is explored and assessed. Dentistry is perceived to be a commodity, dependent upon the context of how services are to be provided and the interpretation of the patient-professional relationship...
March 20, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
Kritsada Moonpa, Kannipa Motanated
The Nam Pat Group of the Nam Pat Basin, Uttaradit Province, Thailand is situated in the Nan Suture Zone. Two contrasting tectonic framework models of the Nan Suture have previously been proposed: as a main Paleo-Tethyan suture and as a remnant of a closed back-arc basin. The goal of this study is to analyze the tectonic framework of the Nan Suture and reevaluate the existing tectonic models. This research infers the tectonic setting of the basin based on basin-filled lithofacies distributions, provenance, and paleocurrents...
January 2018: Heliyon
Risa Anzai, Yoshiki Asami, Waka Inoue, Hina Ueno, Koya Yamada, Tetsuji Okada
Systematic analysis of the statistical and dynamical properties of proteins is critical to understanding cellular events. Extraction of biologically relevant information from a set of high-resolution structures is important because it can provide mechanistic details behind the functional properties of protein families, enabling rational comparison between families. Most of the current structural comparisons are pairwise-based, which hampers the global analysis of increasing contents in the Protein Data Bank...
January 2018: Heliyon
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