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Deborah J Bird, William J Murphy, Lester Fox-Rosales, Iman Hamid, Robert A Eagle, Blaire Van Valkenburgh
The evolution of mammalian olfaction is manifested in a remarkable diversity of gene repertoires, neuroanatomy and skull morphology across living species. Olfactory receptor genes (ORGs), which initiate the conversion of odorant molecules into odour perceptions and help an animal resolve the olfactory world, range in number from a mere handful to several thousand genes across species. Within the snout, each of these ORGs is exclusively expressed by a discrete population of olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs), suggesting that newly evolved ORGs may be coupled with new OSN populations in the nasal epithelium...
March 14, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
A I Mirulla, L Bragonzoni, S Zaffagnini, M Bontempi, V Nigrelli, T Ingrassia
INTRODUCTION: Traditional prosthetic solutions expose the amputee to numerous problems that limit his ability to safely perform the normal activities of daily life. In order to eliminate the problems related to the use of the traditional prosthesis with socket, a new technique was developed for fixing the prosthesis to the amputees based on the principle of osseointegration. The aim of this paper is to study and analyze the stress distribution on the interface between a trans-humeral osseointegrated prosthetic implant and the residual bone, identifying the most stressed areas and thus foreseeing possible failure phenomena of the entire prosthetic system and, after, to compare the stress distribution on three different prosthetic designs that differ from each other for some geometric characteristics...
March 7, 2018: Injury
Marco Aurelio Rendón-Medina, Rodolfo Omar Ávalos-Abreu, Jocelyn Saucedo-Saldivar, Erick Sánchez-Tellez, Marco Garcia-Puig
INTRODUCTION: A Giant Hiatal Paraesophageal Hernia (GPEH) is a Hiatal Hernia (HH) that includes more than 30% of the stomach in the thorax. The gold standard form of repair today is the laparoscopic abdominal approach in elective scenarios. Laparoscopic HH repair advantages include, less postoperative pain, small incisions, reduced postoperative respiratory complications are reduced, shorter hospital stay. The objective of this paper is to describe a patient undergoing with upper intestinal obstruction and a GPEH Type IV, approached laparoscopically...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Xiaoqi Jing, Jiaqi Zhang, Zhenlin Huang, Yuchen Sheng, Lili Ji
Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (HSOS) is a rare and life-threatening liver disease. (+)-catechin is a natural dietary flavonol with high antioxidant capacity. This study aims to investigate the involvement of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) antioxidant signaling pathway in the protection of (+)-catechin hydrate (CAT) against monocrotaline (MCT)-induced HSOS. Results of serum alanine/aspartate aminotransferases (ALT/AST) activities, total bilirubin (TBil) and bile acids (TBA) amounts, liver histological observation, scanning electron microscope evaluation and hepatic metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expression all demonstrated the protection of CAT against MCT-induced HSOS in rats...
February 20, 2018: Free Radical Research
Ying Chen, Yan-Biao Fu, Xiu-Fang Xu, Yao Pan, Chen-Ying Lu, Xiu-Liang Zhu, Qing-Hai Li, Ri-Sheng Yu
The lymphadenitis associated with cat-scratch disease (CSD) is often confused with neoplasms by a number of radiologists and clinicians, and consequently, unnecessary invasive procedures or surgeries are performed. In the present study, the contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of 10 patients (6 men and 4 women) with clinically and pathologically confirmed lymphadenitis associated with CSD were retrospectively analyzed (CT in 3 patients, MRI in 6 patients, and CT and MRI in 1 patient) at The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine (Hangzhou, China) between January 2007 and November 2014...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
Akhanda Raj Upreti, Nirina Khadgi, Yi Li
In this study, photocatalytic inactivation of Escherichia coli was investigated over magnetic nanocomposite Ag-AgCl/ZnFe2O4. The nanocomposite demonstrated efficient photocatalytic activity by complete inactivation of the bacteria within 60 min of visible light irradiation. The anions HPO42- and SO42- were found to play the most important role in the inhibition of photocatalytic inactivation of E. coli. A systematic investigation of mechanism of photocatalytic bacterial inactivation was carried out based on cell membrane injury test, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of bacterial morphology changes, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy of E...
January 17, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Agnieszka Małgorzata Pudlarz, Ewa Czechowska, Katarzyna Ranoszek-Soliwoda, Emilia Tomaszewska, Grzegorz Celichowski, Jarosław Grobelny, Janusz Szemraj
Human catalase cDNA was cloned into a pEX-C-His vector. Purified recombinant catalase was immobilized on nanoparticles. Gold and silver nanoparticles were synthesized in a variety of sizes by chemical reduction; no agglomerates or aggregates were observed in any of the colloids during dynamic light scattering or scanning transmission electron microscopy analysis. After immobilization on gold nanoparticles, recombinant catalase activity was found to be lower than that of the same amount of enzyme in aqueous solution...
January 3, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Adriana Dibo Cruz, Guilherme Alvares Peixoto, Marcelo Freitas Aguiar, Gabriela Alessandra Cruz Galhardo Camargo, Nicolas Homs
This study aimed to assess the performance of surgeons in determining the amount of graft material required for maxillary sinus floor augmentation in a preoperative analysis using cone-beam computed tomography images. A convenience sample of 10 retrospective CBCT exams (i-CAT®) was selected. Scans of the posterior maxilla area with an absence of at least one tooth and residual alveolar bone with an up to 5 mm height were used. Templates (n=20) contained images of representative cross-sections in multiplanar view...
May 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
Kai Wang, Jian-Bo Xiong, Bin Xia, Qing-Lun Wang, Yu-Zhang Tong, Yue Ma, Xian-He Bu
Four heterometallic formate frameworks templated by various alkylamine cations with the general formula [cat][GaIIIMnII(HCOO)6] {cat is MA (CH3NH3+) for 1, DMA [(CH3)2NH2+] for 2, EtA (CH3CH2NH3+) for 3, and DEtA [(CH3CH2)2NH2+] for 4} have been prepared and characterized by X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, and dielectric studies. All of the complexes have niccolite-like structures, which possess the same [GaMn(HCOO)6]- anionic framework with binodal (412·63)(49·66) topology; only the counterions in the cavity are different...
December 28, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Chung-Hui Lin, Pei-Ying Lo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Veterinary Record
Rie Koyoshi, Yuhei Shiga, Yoshiaki Idemoto, Yoko Ueda, Kohei Tashiro, Takashi Kuwano, Ken Kitajima, Kanta Fujimi, Akira Kawamura, Masahiro Ogawa, Shin-Ichiro Miura
Background: We evaluated the safety of a bolus injection of landiolol hydrochloride, an ultrashort-acting β1-selective antagonist, as a premedication prior to multidetector-row computed tomography coronary angiography (CTA). Methods: The subjects consisted of 176 patients (M/F = 64:112, 67 ± 11 years) who had heart rate (HR) at rest ≥ 70 beats/min (bpm) and underwent CTA. Systolic/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) and HR were measured before and after the administration of landiolol...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Laura Bataller, Alice Tamborini, Henry L'Eplattenier, Slavka Necova, Elise Robertson
Case summary: An 8-year-old female spayed Siamese indoor cat presented with a 3 week history of inspiratory dyspnoea, stridor and open-mouth breathing after exercise. Laryngoscopy, tracheoscopy, bronchoscopy and retroflexed nasopharyngoscopy were performed, and identified a multilobulated intraluminal mass within the trachea. Brush cytology was performed on the mass but was inconclusive in providing a definitive diagnosis. A CT scan of the neck failed to identify an obvious intraluminal mass and was negative to contrast uptake...
July 2017: JFMS Open Reports
Rico Schellhorn
The knowledge of intraspecific variation is important to make assumptions on an interspecific level. To study intraspecific variation in the bony labyrinth morphology of the domestic cat, eleven specimens of Felis silvestris catus and two additional subspecies (F. s. lybica, F. s. ornata) were investigated. The sample comprises skulls of adult males and females, as well as juvenile cats. Each bony labyrinth endocast was virtually reconstructed based on µCT scans. To estimate the radius of curvature of each inner ear semicircular canal, three different approaches were tested...
March 2018: Journal of Morphology
Eymi Valery Cazas-Duran, Izabel Regina Fischer Rubira-Bullen, Otávio Pagin, Bruna Stuchi Centurion-Pagin
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Tonsilloliths and abnormal stylohyoid complex may have similar symptoms to others of different aetiology. Individuals with cleft lip and palate describe similar symptoms because of the anatomical implications that are peculiar to this anomaly. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of abnormal stylohyoid complex and tonsilloliths on cone beam computed tomography in individuals with cleft lip and palate. METHODS: According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 66 CT scans out of of 2,794 were analysed, on i- Cat ® vision software with 0...
November 23, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Mileva Bertal, Eric Norman Carmel, Alessia Diana, Loic Desquilbet, Swan Specchi, Pascaline Pey
Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine whether the presence of a splenic mass or a diffusely moth-eaten parenchyma on ultrasonographic scans could represent potential criteria of malignancy in the feline spleen. Methods Feline patients with ultrasonographic images and cytological analysis of the spleen obtained by fine-needle aspiration were retrospectively included in a multicentre study. Results One hundred and ninety-five cats met our inclusion criteria. There was a lack of agreement between the moth-eaten ultrasonographic appearance of the spleen and the presence of a malignant neoplasia on cytological analysis...
January 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Muhammad Jahanzaib Anwar, Saad A Choudhry, Muhammad Aadil, Ahmer Asif, Atif Ameer
A 42-years-old male presented with left medial canthal swelling, accompanied with only mild epiphora. There was no history of dacryocystitis, mid-facial trauma, surgery, or bloody tears. On examination, there was an immobile, subcutaneous, non-inflammatory mass below the medial canthal tendon. Lacrimal irrigation showed blockade at the nasolacrimal duct. A computerized axial tomography (CAT) scan revealed a non-enhancing, low-density, cystic lesion at the inferomedial margin of the orbit. There were no signs of bony erosion, consistent with idiopathic acquired dacryocystocele...
September 4, 2017: Curēus
Umut Kerem Kolac, Mehmet Cengiz Ustuner, Neslihan Tekin, Derya Ustuner, Emine Colak, Emre Entok
Salvia officinalis, which has a high phenolic acid and flavonoid content, is a powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory herb. Inflammation plays an important role in the pathophysiology of many diseases and could cause damage by means of oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity of S. officinalis formed lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced experimental inflammation model. Four- to five-month-old 42 female Wistar albino rats were divided into six groups...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
Yurij A Antonov, Irina Zhuravleva, Alexander Volodine, Paula Moldenaers, Ruth Cardinaels
It is known that the formation of electrostatic polyelectrolyte complexes can induce conformational changes in the interacting macromolecules. However, the opposite effect, namely, that of the helix-coil transition of one of the interacting polyelectrolytes on its associative phase separation with another polyelectrolyte and the possible phase transitions in such systems, has not been determined. Atomic force and confocal laser scanning microscopy, phase analysis, dynamic and electrophoretic light scattering, turbidimetry, absorption, and fluorescence measurements as well as differential scanning calorimetry and rheology were used to study the effect of the helix-coil transition in bovine skin gelatin (Gel) on its associative phase separation with hen egg white lysozyme (Lys) at different temperatures (18-40 °C) and various Lys/Gel weight ratios (0...
November 28, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Emily A Hartman, Robert J McCarthy, Mary A Labato
Case summary: A 10-year-old neutered male domestic shorthair cat was evaluated because of signs of stertorous breathing and reverse sneezing of 8 months' duration. A CT scan performed 1 week before evaluation indicated nasopharyngeal stenosis or collapse. Increased respiratory effort, stertorous breathing, coughing, reverse sneezing, bilateral black ocular discharge and mucoid left nasal discharge were noted. Rhinoscopy suggested possible nasopharyngeal stenosis. Balloon dilation was attempted but unsuccessful...
July 2017: JFMS Open Reports
Anna E Nutt, Thomas Anderson, Margherita Gracis, Ivan Doran, Chris Warren-Smith, Sorrel J Langley-Hobbs
Case series summary This report summarises and reviews the published cases of open-mouth jaw locking in cats and describes three further cases. Case 1 was a 5-year-old, 5.3 kg male neutered domestic shorthair cat. CT identified changes consistent with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysplasia with osseous degenerative changes, and the cat subsequently underwent bilateral partial zygomectomy with bilateral partial coronoidectomy. Case 2 was a 10-year-old, 6.0 kg male neutered Exotic Shorthair. Aside from a fracture of the left maxillary canine tooth crown and absence of the left maxillary fourth premolar tooth, no abnormalities were found on CT scan...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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