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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933554/use-of-anticoagulant-rodenticides-by-pest-management-professionals-in-massachusetts-usa
#1
Kristin Memmott, Maureen Murray, Allen Rutberg
Secondary exposure to chemical rodenticides, specifically second-generation anticoagulant rodenticides (SGARs), poses a threat to non-target wildlife including birds of prey. Federal regulations in the United States currently limit homeowner access to SGARs as a way of minimizing this threat. With legal access to SGARs, pest management professionals (PMPs) represent a potential linkage to non-target exposure. There is limited research focused on rodent control practices, chemical rodenticide preferences, level of concern and awareness, or opinions on rodenticide regulations as they relate to PMPs...
December 8, 2016: Ecotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933392/leishmania-infection-painful-or-painless
#2
REVIEW
Sergio M Borghi, Victor Fattori, Ivete Conchon-Costa, Phileno Pinge-Filho, Wander R Pavanelli, Waldiceu A Verri
The complex life cycle and immunopathological features underpinning the interaction of Leishmania parasites and their mammalian hosts poses frequent poorly explored and inconclusively resolved questions. The altered nociceptive signals over the course of leishmaniasis remain an intriguing issue for nociceptive and parasitology researchers. Experimental investigations have utilized behavioral, morphological, and neuro-immune approaches in the study of experimental cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). The data generated indicates new venues for the study of the pathological characteristics of nociceptive processing in this parasitic disease...
December 9, 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932913/lifewatchgreece-portal-development-architecture-implementation-and-challenges-for-a-biodiversity-research-e-infrastructure
#3
Alexandros Gougousis, Nicolas Bailly
BACKGROUND: Biodiversity data is characterized by its cross-disciplinary character, the extremely broad range of data types and structures, and the plethora of different data sources providing resources for the same piece of information in a heterogeneous way. Since the web inception two decades ago, there are multiple initiatives to connect, aggregate, share, and publish biodiversity data, and to establish data and work flows in order to analyze them. The European program LifeWatch aims at establishing a distributed network of nodes implementing virtual research environment in Europe to facilitate the work of biodiversity researchers and managers...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932544/improving-the-identification-of-phenotypic-abnormalities-and-sexual-dimorphism-in-mice-when-studying-rare-event-categorical-characteristics
#4
Natasha A Karp, Ruth Heller, Shay Yaacoby, Jacqueline K White, Yoav Benjamini
Biological research frequently involves the study of phenotyping data. Many of these studies focus on rare event categorical data, and in functional genomics typically study the presence or absence of an abnormal phenotype. With the growing interest in the role of sex, there is a need to assess the phenotype for sexual dimorphism. The identification of abnormal phenotypes for downstream research is challenged by the small sample size, the rare event nature, and the multiple testing problem, as many variables are monitored simultaneously...
December 7, 2016: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931932/susceptibility-of-rhipicephalus-boophilus-microplus-to-fluazuron-2-5mg-kg-and-a-combination-of-novaluron-2-0mg-kg-eprinomectin-0-36mg-kg-in-field-studies-in-brazil
#5
Willian Giquelin Maciel, Welber Daniel Zanetti Lopes, Lucas Vinicius Costa Gomes, Breno Cayeiro Cruz, Gustavo Felippelli, Isabella Barbosa Dos Santos, Fernando de Almeida Borges, Walter Antonio Gonçalves, Alexandre Braga Scarpa, João Eduardo Nicaretta, Thiago Souza Azeredo Bastos, Alvimar José da Costa
The present study aimed to determine the susceptibility of 32 R. (B.) microplus populations from Southeast, Midwest and South regions of Brazil, to fluazuron (2.5mg/kg), administered topically (pour-on). Additionally, five populations (Southeast and Midwest regions) of the southern cattle tick were evaluated using in vivo field studies, regarding their susceptibility to a new combination of novaluron (2.0mg/kg)+eprinomectin (0.36mg/kg), administered subcutaneously, compared with two positive controls (fluazuron 2...
December 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931916/the-reliability-and-factor-structure-of-thai-young-schema-questionnaire-short-form-3
#6
Chaiyun Sakulsriprasert, Darunee Phukao, Suree Kanjanawong, Natthani Meemon
Previous research which documented the psychometric properties of Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ) was conducted in Western countries. The current research examined the reliability and factor structure of the Thai version of the Young Schema-Short From-3 (YSQ-S3). The participants were 622 undergraduates (62% females) recruited from three universities in Chiang Mai, Thailand. Results suggested acceptable internal consistency of 18 early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) (Cronbach's α range from 0.619 to 0.846). Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the factor structures of 18 EMSs...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931909/the-big-five-personality-dimensions-and-mental-health-the-mediating-role-of-alexithymia
#7
Mohammad Atari, Mahsa Yaghoubirad
The role of personality constructs on mental health has attracted research attention in the last few decades. The Big Five personality traits have been introduced as parsimonious dimensions of non-pathological traits. The five-factor model of personality includes neuroticism, agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion, and openness to experience. The present study aimed to examine the relationship between the Big Five dimensions and mental health considering the mediating role of alexithymia as an important emotional-processing construct...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931905/ethnic-differences-in-the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-combined-with-medication-comparing-asian-american-and-white-psychiatric-patients
#8
Jennifer Y Tang, Chieh Li, Rachel F Rodgers, Mary Ballou
Several meta-analyses have demonstrated the effectiveness of treatment utilizing cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) combined with medication. There is, however, a paucity of research comparing the effectiveness of this combined treatment with psychiatric patients from different ethnic backgrounds. This study is the first of its kind to compare the effectiveness of CBT combined with medication for Asian American and White patients' psychiatric symptom severity levels of depression, anxiety, psychological well-being, and quality of life...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931374/agricultural-waste
#9
Ling Xue, Panpan Zhang, Huajie Shu, Chein-Chi Chang, Renqing Wang, Shuping Zhang
In recent years, the quantity of agricultural waste has been rising rapidly all over the world. As a result, the environmental problems and negative impacts of agricultural waste are drawn more and more attention. Therefore, there is a need to adopt proper approaches to reduce and reuse agricultural waste. This review presented about 200 literatures published in 2015 relating to the topic of agricultural waste. The review examined research on agricultural waste in 2015 from the following four aspects: the characterization, reuse, treatment, and management...
October 2016: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931367/wetlands-for-wastewater-treatment
#10
Yi Jiang, Edith Martinez-Guerra, Veera Gnaneswar Gude, Benjamin Magbanua, Dennis D Truax, James L Martin
An update on the current research and development of the treatment technologies, which utilize natural processes or passive components in wastewater treatment, is provided in this paper. The main focus is on wetland systems and their applications in wastewater treatment (as an advanced treatment unit or decentralized system), nutrient and pollutant removal (metals, industrial and emerging pollutants including pharmaceutical compounds). A summary of studies involving the effects of vegetation, wetland design and modeling, hybrid and innovative systems, storm water treatment and pathogen removal is also included...
October 2016: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931219/influences-on-teleconsultation-project-utilization-rates-the-role-of-dominant-logic
#11
David L Paul, Reuben R McDaniel
BACKGROUND: This research analyzes teleconsultation from both a mechanistic and complex adaptive system (CAS) dominant logic in order to further understand the influence of dominant logic on utilization rates of teleconsultation projects. In both dominant logics, the objective of teleconsultation projects is to increase access to and quality of healthcare delivery in a cost efficient manner. A mechanistic dominant logic perceives teleconsultation as closely resembling the traditional service delivery model, while a CAS dominant logic focuses on the system's emergent behavior of learning resulting from the relationships and interactions of participating healthcare providers...
December 8, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931203/perinatal-mortality-among-infants-born-during-health-user-fees-cash-carry-and-the-national-health-insurance-scheme-nhis-eras-in-ghana-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Abdallah Ibrahim, Ernest T Maya, Ernestina Donkor, Irene A Agyepong, Richard M Adanu
BACKGROUND: This research determined the rates of perinatal mortality among infants delivered under Ghana's national health insurance scheme (NHIS) compared to infants delivered under the previous "Cash and Carry" system in Northern Region, especially as the country takes stock of its progress toward meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) 4 and 5. METHODS: The labor and maternity wards delivery records of infants delivered before and after the implementation of the NHIS in Northern Region were examined...
December 8, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931155/prenatal-paradox-an-integrative-review-of-women-s-experiences-with-prenatal-screening-for-fetal-aneuploidy-and-neural-tube-defects
#13
Tamra L Shea
Background Prenatal screening for fetal aneuploidy and neural tube defects has been incorporated in prenatal care through much of the industrialized world. As prenatal screening evolves technologically and becomes increasingly utilized worldwide, a summary and evaluation of the available evidence on women's experiences with prenatal screening is warranted. Aims To conduct an integrative review to evaluate and synthesize available literature to enhance understanding of women's experiences with prenatal screening for fetal aneuploidy and neural tube defects...
December 9, 2016: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931123/developments-in-multibreath-washout-testing-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#14
Clare Saunders, Katie Bayfield, Samantha Irving, Christopher Short, Andrew Bush, Jane C Davies
Lung Clearance Index (LCI) is becoming recognized as an important addition in the monitoring of pediatric cystic fibrosis (CF). The non-invasive technique is easy to perform in all ages, reproducible and increasingly being used in clinical trials. There is interest to utilize it within the clinic setting but its current use is mostly as a research tool. The procedure is highly dependent on skilled operators and a relaxed testing environment is key to obtaining good quality measurements. Standardization of LCI is part of an ongoing collaborative, multicenter process...
December 9, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930405/the-cost-of-crohn-s-disease-varied-health-care-expenditure-patterns-across-distinct-disease-trajectories
#15
Bhavana B Rao, Benjamin H Click, Ioannis E Koutroubakis, Claudia Ramos Rivers, Miguel Regueiro, Jason Swoger, Marc Schwartz, Jana Hashash, Arthur Barrie, Michael A Dunn, David G Binion
BACKGROUND: Patients with Crohn's disease (CD) encompass a heterogeneous disease spectrum, with variable health care utilization and expenditure patterns. Lémann Index (LI) is a metric that quantifies cumulative bowel damage and has shown utility in delineating distinct disease phenotypes. We aimed to characterize the financial burden from all medical care in CD cohort in relation to the variations in LI-based disease phenotypes. METHODS: CD patients with 5-year (y) follow-up from a prospective registry were included...
December 7, 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929695/secondhand-smoke-exposure-illness-severity-and-resource-utilization-in-pediatric-emergency-department-patients-with-respiratory-illnesses
#16
Ashley L Merianos, Cinnamon A Dixon, E Melinda Mahabee-Gittens
OBJECTIVE: Hospital-based data reveal that children who have secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) experience severe respiratory illnesses and greater resource utilization. Our objective was to assess the relationship between SHSe and illness severity/resource utilization among children presenting to the pediatric emergency department (PED) with three common respiratory conditions - asthma, bronchiolitis, and pneumonia. METHODS: A retrospective review of a yearlong consecutive sample of PED patients with SHSe status documentation and asthma, bronchiolitis, or pneumonia diagnoses was performed...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929677/assessing-researcher-needs-for-a-virtual-biobank
#17
Jenna van Draanen, Pamela Davidson, Helene Bour-Jordan, LeeAnna Bowman-Carpio, David Boyle, Steve Dubinett, Brian Gardner, Jachael Gardner, Courtney McFall, Dan Mercola, Terry Nakazono, Stephanie Soares, Hubert Stoppler, Margaret Tempero, Scott Vandenberg, Yu-Jui Yvonne Wan, Sarah Dry
INTRODUCTION: Biosamples and associated clinical data accelerate translational and clinical research discoveries. A lack of high quality biosamples both stalls projects and limits research advances. In this study, we targeted a wide audience of University of California (UC) biobanking stakeholders who were either involved with the collection or the utilization of biosamples to assess the scope of their biobanking activities and their interest in virtual biobanking or cooperating in the formation of the UC-wide biorepository...
December 8, 2016: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929465/using-multi-fluorinated-bile-acids-and-in-vivo-magnetic-resonance-imaging-to-measure-bile-acid-transport
#18
Jessica Felton, Kunrong Cheng, Anan Said, Aaron C Shang, Su Xu, Diana Vivian, Melissa Metry, James E Polli, Jean-Pierre Raufman
Along with their traditional role as detergents that facilitate fat absorption, emerging literature indicates that bile acids are potent signaling molecules that affect multiple organs; they modulate gut motility and hormone production, and alter vascular tone, glucose metabolism, lipid metabolism, and energy utilization. Changes in fecal bile acids may alter the gut microbiome and promote colon pathology including cholerrheic diarrhea and colon cancer. Key regulators of fecal bile acid composition are the small intestinal Apical Sodium-dependent Bile Acid Transporter (ASBT) and fibroblast growth factor-19 (FGF19)...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929321/social-communication-questionnaire-scoring-procedures-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-the-prevalence-of-potential-social-communication-disorder-in-asd
#19
Lucy Barnard-Brak, David M Richman, Steven Randall Chesnut, Todd D Little
In analyzing data from the National Database for Autism Research, we utilized Mokken scaling techniques as a means of creating a more effective and efficient screening procedure for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) via the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ). With a sample of 1,040, approximately 80% (n = 827) of the sample were males while approximately 20% (n = 213) were females. In regard to ethnicity, approximately 68% of the sample were White/Caucasian, while 7% were African American, 16% were Hispanic, 4% were Asian, and 1% were Native American or American Indian...
December 2016: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929305/is-fear-in-your-head-a-comparison-of-instructed-and-real-life-expressions-of-emotion-in-the-face-and-body
#20
Lior Abramson, Inbal Marom, Rotem Petranker, Hillel Aviezer
The majority of emotion perception studies utilize instructed and stereotypical expressions of faces or bodies. While such stimuli are highly standardized and well-recognized, their resemblance to real-life expressions of emotion remains unknown. Here we examined facial and body expressions of fear and anger during real-life situations and compared their recognition to that of instructed expressions of the same emotions. In order to examine the source of the affective signal, expressions of emotion were presented as faces alone, bodies alone, and naturally, as faces with bodies...
December 8, 2016: Emotion
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