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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893182/influence-of-adjuvant-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-on-symptoms-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-in-veterans-results-from-a-randomized-control-study
#1
Mostafa Jasbi, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Gholamreza Karami, Maryam Omidbeygi, Maryam Peyravi, Ailin Panahi, Jafar Mirzaee, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
Even 30 or more years after the end of a war, veterans can suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In the present study, we explored the influence on symptoms of PTSD among Iranian veterans of the Iran-Iraq war of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) as add-on to a standard treatment with citalopram. Forty-eight male veterans with PTSD (mean age: 52.97 years) took part in this eight-week intervention study. Standard treatment for all patients consisted of citalopram (30-50 mg/day at therapeutic dosages)...
June 12, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858853/perinatal-ssri-medications-and-offspring-hippocampal-plasticity-interaction-with-maternal-stress-and-sex
#2
REVIEW
Jodi L Pawluski, Mary Gemmel
There is growing use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant (SSRI) medications during the perinatal period to treat maternal affective disorders. Perinatal SSRI exposure can have a long-term impact on offspring neuroplasticity and behavioral development that remains to be fully elucidated. This mini-review will summarize what is known about the effects of perinatal SSRIs on plasticity in the developing hippocampus, taking into account the role that maternal stress and depression may have. Emerging clinical findings and research in animal models will be discussed...
March 2018: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793427/falls-and-long-term-care-a-report-from-the-care-by-design-observational-cohort-study
#3
Emily J Cameron, Susan K Bowles, Emily Gard Marshall, Melissa K Andrew
BACKGROUND: Falls and the resulting complications are common among frail older adults. We aimed to explore risk factors and potential prevention strategies for falls in elderly residents of Long-Term Care Facilities (LTCF). METHODS: This was a cross sectional study design using data from the Care by Design (CBD) study, within Nova Scotia's Capital District Health Authority. This observational time series cohort study collected data before, during and after the implementation of CBD, a new model of coordinated primary care in LTCF...
May 24, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760569/concomitant-use-of-opioid-medications-with-triptans-or-serotonergic-antidepressants-in-us-office-based-physician-visits
#4
Kyle C Molina, Kathleen A Fairman, David A Sclar
Background: Opioids are not recommended for routine treatment of migraine because their benefits are outweighed by risks of medication overuse headache and abuse/dependence. A March 2016 US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) safety communication warned of the risk of serotonin syndrome from using opioids concomitantly with 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor agonists (triptans) or serotonergic antidepressants: selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)...
2018: Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747656/maternal-drug-use-and-the-risk-of-anorectal-malformations-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Nadine Zwink, Ekkehart Jenetzky
BACKGROUND: Origin of anorectal malformations (ARM) are considered multifactorial. Several genetic and non-genetic risk factors are discussed in literature. Maternal periconceptional medical drug use as possible risk factor, however, has not been reviewed systematically. METHODS: Studies published between 1977 and April 2017 were reviewed through systematic search in PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge and Scopus databases. Furthermore, related and cross-referencing publications were reviewed...
May 10, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725982/medication-adherence-patterns-among-patients-with-multiple-serious-mental-and-physical-illnesses
#6
Joanna P MacEwan, Alison R Silverstein, Jason Shafrin, Darius N Lakdawalla, Ainslie Hatch, Felicia M Forma
INTRODUCTION: Patients with mental and physical health conditions are complex to treat and often use multiple medications. It is unclear how adherence to one medication predicts adherence to others. A predictive relationship could permit less expensive adherence monitoring if overall adherence could be predicted through tracking a single medication. METHODS: To test this hypothesis, we examined whether patients with multiple mental and physical illnesses have similar adherence trajectories across medications...
May 3, 2018: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708207/ssri-associated-bruxism-a-systematic-review-of-published-case-reports
#7
REVIEW
Andrew R Garrett, Jason S Hawley
Purpose of review: Antidepressant-associated movement disorders are a well-described phenomenon. However, antidepressant-associated bruxism, jaw pain, or jaw spasm, while reported in dental literature, is less commonly recognized among neurologists. We summarize the clinical features and treatment of antidepressant-associated bruxism and associated jaw pain through a systematic review of case reports. Recent findings: Antidepressant-associated bruxism may occur in pediatric and adult patients, most commonly among female patients...
April 2018: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685287/the-circulating-levels-of-cd4-t-helper-cells-are-higher-in-bipolar-disorder-as-compared-to-major-depressive-disorder
#8
Karlijn Becking, Bartholomeus C M Haarman, Laura Grosse, Willem A Nolen, Stephan Claes, Volker Arolt, Robert A Schoevers, Hemmo A Drexhage
INTRODUCTION: Clinical differentiation between bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) is difficult. Research has therefore focused on discriminatory biological markers. Previous studies in MDD reported T cell deficits, while the limited studies in BD reported T cell activation. Studies directly comparing circulating numbers of T cells and T cell subsets between BD and MDD are lacking. The studies in the MOODINFLAME consortium make such a comparison possible. METHODS: The number of circulating leukocyte populations (lymphocytes, monocytes, NK cells, B cells, T cells, CD3+CD8+ T cytotoxic cells, CD3+CD4+ T helper cells, Th1, Th2, Th17 and T regulatory cells) was determined using FACS technology in a cohort of 83 euthymic BD patients, 8 BD patients with a current mood episode and 165 healthy controls (HC)...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668649/examining-parental-medication-adherence-as-a-predictor-of-child-medication-adherence-in-pediatric-anxiety-disorders
#9
Greta A Bushnell, M Alan Brookhart, Bradley N Gaynes, Scott N Compton, Stacie B Dusetzina, Til Stürmer
BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the recommended first-line pharmacotherapy for pediatric anxiety disorders but adherence remains difficult to predict. OBJECTIVES: To estimate SSRI adherence in children with anxiety disorders and determine if prior parental medication adherence is predictive of child high SSRI adherence. METHODS: We identified children (3-17 y) initiating SSRI treatment after an anxiety disorder diagnosis in a commercial claims database (2005-2014)...
June 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666372/brain-serotonin-synthesis-capacity-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-sertraline
#10
Jennifer I Lissemore, Debbie Sookman, Paul Gravel, Alexandre Berney, Amir Barsoum, Mirko Diksic, Thomas E Nordahl, Gilbert Pinard, Igor Sibon, Jean Cottraux, Marco Leyton, Chawki Benkelfat
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are both effective treatments for some patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), yet little is known about the neurochemical changes related to these treatment modalities. Here, we used positron emission tomography and the α-[11 C]methyl-L-tryptophan tracer to examine the changes in brain regional serotonin synthesis capacity in OCD patients following treatment with CBT or SSRI treatment. Sixteen medication-free OCD patients were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of either CBT or sertraline treatment...
April 18, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658803/evening-types-demonstrate-reduced-ssri-treatment-efficacy
#11
E M McGlashan, S P A Drummond, S W Cain
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have a profound effect on the circadian system's response to environmental light, which may impact treatment outcomes for patients depending on their habitual light exposure patterns. Here, we investigated the relationship between time-of-day preference, depressive symptoms and self-reported antidepressant treatment response. Evening types reported having taken a higher number of antidepressant medications in the previous 5 years and lower SSRI efficacy than morning types...
April 16, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652529/neurocognitive-predictors-of-clinical-improvement-in-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor-treated-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#12
Fadi Maalouf, Rinad Bakhti, Hani Tamim, Safa Shehab, David Brent
OBJECTIVES: Numerous studies have suggested cognitive deficits as consistently associated with adolescent depression. No study to date, however, has assessed neurocognitive predictors of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) treatment response in adolescents with depression. This study examined neurocognitive tasks at baseline as predictors of clinical improvement with SSRI treatment (fluoxetine) at week 6 and 12 in an adolescent population. METHODS: Adolescents with depression were recruited from a child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient clinic at a university medical center...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642718/psychotropic-pharmacotherapy-associated-with-qt-prolongation-among-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#13
Eileen M Stock, John E Zeber, Catherine J McNeal, Javier E Banchs, Laurel A Copeland
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the Food and Drug Administration issued Drug Safety Communications on several drugs associated with QT prolongation and fatal ventricular arrhythmias. Among these was citalopram, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) approved for depression and commonly used for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Evaluation of the risk for QT prolongation among other psychotropic drugs for individuals with PTSD remains limited. OBJECTIVE: Explore psychotropic drugs associated with QT prolongation among veterans with PTSD...
April 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629939/depressive-symptoms-antidepressant-use-and-hypertension-in-young-adulthood
#14
Danielle M Crookes, Ryan T Demmer, Katherine M Keyes, Karestan C Koenen, Shakira F Suglia
BACKGROUND: Among adults, depressive symptoms are associated with higher rates of cardiovascular disease; however, the evidence is mixed regarding the association between depressive symptoms and hypertension, especially among young adults. The deleterious effects of some antidepressant medications on blood pressure may contribute to mixed findings. METHODS: Adolescents enrolled in Add Health (N = 11,183) (1994-2008) completed an abbreviated Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale at three waves (mean ages, 16, 22, and 29)...
July 2018: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627898/cross-sectional-networks-of-depressive-symptoms-before-and-after-antidepressant-medication-treatment
#15
Fionneke M Bos, Eiko I Fried, Steven D Hollon, Laura F Bringmann, Sona Dimidjian, Robert J DeRubeis, Claudi L H Bockting
PURPOSE: Recent reviews have questioned the efficacy of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) above placebo response, and their working mechanisms remain unclear. New approaches to understanding the effects of SSRIs are necessary to enhance their efficacy. The aim of this study was to explore the possibilities of using cross-sectional network analysis to increase our understanding of symptom connectivity before and after SSRI treatment. METHODS: In two randomized controlled trials (total N = 178), we estimated Gaussian graphical models among 20 symptoms of the Beck Depression Inventory-II before and after 8 weeks of treatment with the SSRI paroxetine...
June 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614992/a-research-study-review-of-effectiveness-of-treatments-for-psychiatric-conditions-common-to-end-stage-cancer-patients-needs-assessment-for-future-research-and-an-impassioned-plea
#16
Ralph J Johnson
BACKGROUND: Rates of psychiatric conditions common to end-stage cancer patients (delirium, depression, anxiety disorders) remain unchanged. However, patient numbers have increased as the population has aged; indeed, cancer is a chief cause of mortality and morbidity in older populations. Effectiveness of psychiatric interventions and research to evaluate, inform, and improve interventions is critical to these patients' care. This article's intent is to report results from a recent review study on the effectiveness of interventions for psychiatric conditions common to end-stage cancer patients; the review study assessed the state of research regarding treatment effectiveness...
April 3, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588049/the-impact-of-antidepressant-dose-and-class-on-treatment-response-in-pediatric-anxiety-disorders-a-meta-analysis
#17
Jeffrey R Strawn, Jeffrey A Mills, Beau A Sauley, Jeffrey A Welge
OBJECTIVE: To determine the trajectory and magnitude of antidepressant response as well as the effect of antidepressant class and dose on symptomatic improvement in pediatric anxiety disorders. METHOD: Weekly symptom severity data were extracted from randomized, parallel group, placebo-controlled trials of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and selective serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) in pediatric anxiety disorders. Treatment response was modeled for the standardized change in continuous measures of anxiety using Bayesian updating...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559929/association-of-the-polygenic-scores-for-personality-traits-and-response-to-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#18
Azmeraw T Amare, Klaus Oliver Schubert, Fasil Tekola-Ayele, Yi-Hsiang Hsu, Katrin Sangkuhl, Gregory Jenkins, Ryan M Whaley, Poulami Barman, Anthony Batzler, Russ B Altman, Volker Arolt, Jürgen Brockmöller, Chia-Hui Chen, Katharina Domschke, Daniel K Hall-Flavin, Chen-Jee Hong, Ari Illi, Yuan Ji, Olli Kampman, Toshihiko Kinoshita, Esa Leinonen, Ying-Jay Liou, Taisei Mushiroda, Shinpei Nonen, Michelle K Skime, Liewei Wang, Masaki Kato, Yu-Li Liu, Verayuth Praphanphoj, Julia C Stingl, William V Bobo, Shih-Jen Tsai, Michiaki Kubo, Teri E Klein, Richard M Weinshilboum, Joanna M Biernacka, Bernhard T Baune
Studies reported a strong genetic correlation between the Big Five personality traits and major depressive disorder (MDD). Moreover, personality traits are thought to be associated with response to antidepressants treatment that might partly be mediated by genetic factors. In this study, we examined whether polygenic scores (PGSs) derived from the Big Five personality traits predict treatment response and remission in patients with MDD who were prescribed selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). In addition, we performed meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies (GWASs) on these traits to identify genetic variants underpinning the cross-trait polygenic association...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544744/the-impact-of-depression-medications-on-oral-antidiabetic-drug-adherence-in-patients-with-diabetes-and-depression
#19
Shan Xing, Gregory S Calip, Alex D Leow, Shiyun Kim, Glen T Schumock, Daniel R Touchette, Todd A Lee
AIMS: To compare adherence and persistence to oral antidiabetic drugs (OAD) between patients who are new users of second generation antipsychotics (SGA) versus new users of other depression therapies in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Adults 18-64 years with previously-treated T2DM and MDD (past OAD and SSRI/SNRI use) who are new users of SGA or non-SGA therapies (bupropion, lithium, mirtazapine, thyroid hormone, tricyclic antidepressant) were identified in the 2009-2015 MarketScan® Commercial Claims and Encounters database...
May 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522941/validating-pre-treatment-body-mass-index-as-moderator-of-antidepressant-treatment-outcomes-findings-from-co-med-trial
#20
Manish K Jha, Shereen Wakhlu, Neha Dronamraju, Abu Minhajuddin, Tracy L Greer, Madhukar H Trivedi
BACKGROUND: Currently, there are no valid clinical or biological markers to personalize the treatment of depression. Recent evidence suggests that body mass index (BMI) may guide the selection of antidepressant medications with different mechanisms of action. METHODS: Combining Medications to Enhance Depression Outcomes (CO-MED) trial participants with BMI measurement (n = 662) were categorized as normal- or underweight (<25), overweight (25-<30), obese I (30-<35), and obese II+ (≥35)...
July 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
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