Read by QxMD icon Read

aging yeast

Karamat Mohammad, Paméla Dakik, Younes Medkour, Mélissa McAuley, Darya Mitrofanova, Vladimir I Titorenko
The concentrations of some key metabolic intermediates play essential roles in regulating the longevity of the chronologically aging yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae . These key metabolites are detected by certain ligand-specific protein sensors that respond to concentration changes of the key metabolites by altering the efficiencies of longevity-defining cellular processes. The concentrations of the key metabolites that affect yeast chronological aging are controlled spatially and temporally. Here, we analyze mechanisms through which the spatiotemporal dynamics of changes in the concentrations of the key metabolites influence yeast chronological lifespan...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Sun-Ju Yi, Kyunghwan Kim
Chromatin is an intelligent building block that can express either external or internal needs through structural changes. To date, three methods to change chromatin structure and regulate gene expression have been well-documented: histone modification, histone exchange, and ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling. Recently, a growing body of literature has suggested that histone tail cleavage is related to various cellular processes including stem cell differentiation, osteoclast differentiation, granulocyte differentiation, mammary gland differentiation, viral infection, aging, and yeast sporulation...
March 15, 2018: BMB Reports
Yilin You, Na Li, Xue Han, Jielong Guo, Guojie Liu, Weidong Huang, Jicheng Zhan
The color of mulberry wine is extremely unstable in processing and aging. This paper investigates the effects of tannin extract and yeast extract on the color and color-preserving characteristics of mulberry wine made from the Dashi cultivar. The results showed that the maximum absorption wavelength in both tannin extract and yeast extract groups changed generating the red shift effect. The color of the tannin extract maintained a good gloss in the first 4 months, while the yeast extract group showed remarkable color preservation for the first 3 months...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Chong He, Chuankai Zhou, Brian K Kennedy
It has been nearly three decades since the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae became a significant model organism for aging research and it has emerged as both simple and powerful. The replicative aging assay, which interrogates the number of times a "mother" cell can divide and produce "daughters," has been a stalwart in these studies, and genetic approaches have led to the identification of hundreds of genes impacting lifespan. More recently, cell biological and biochemical approaches have been developed to determine how cellular processes become altered with age...
March 7, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Ata Ghavidel, Kunal Baxi, Martin Prusinkiewicz, Cynthia Swan, Zach R Belak, Christopher H Eskiw, Carlos E Carvalho, Troy A Harkness
The yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae , like other higher eukaryotes, undergo a finite number of cell divisions before exiting the cell cycle due to the effects of aging. Here, we show that yeast aging begins with the nuclear exclusion of Hcm1 in young cells, resulting in loss of acidic vacuoles. Autophagy is required for healthy aging in yeast, with proteins targeted for turnover by autophagy directed to the vacuole. Consistent with this, vacuolar acidity is necessary for vacuolar function and yeast longevity...
March 8, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Anne P Lutz, Sarah Schladebeck, Christian Renicke, Roberta Spadaccini, Hans-Ulrich Mösch, Christof Taxis
The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) controls cellular functions by maintenance of a functional proteome and degradation of key regulatory proteins. Central to the UPS is the proteasome that adjusts the abundance of numerous proteins, thereby safeguarding their activity or initiating regulatory events. Here, we demonstrate that the essential Saccharomyces cerevisiae protein Yjr141w/Ipa1 (Important for cleavage and PolyAdenylation) belongs to the HECT_2 (homologous to E6-AP carboxyl terminus_2) family. We found that five cysteine residues within the HECT_2 family signature and the C-terminus are essential for Ipa1 activity...
March 8, 2018: Genetics
Maeda Mayumi, Masashi Tokashiki, Midori Tokashiki, Keiko Uechi, Susumu Ito, Toki Taira
Awamori is a traditional distilled liquor in the Ryukyu Islands, made from steamed rice by the action of the black-koji mold Aspergillus luchuensis and awamori yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. One of the specific flavors in aged awamori kusu is vanillin, which is derived from ferulic acid (FA) in rice grains. FA is released from the cell wall material in the rice grain by ferulic acid esterase produced by A. luchuensis. Through decarboxylation of FA, 4-vinylguaiacol (4-VG) is produced, which is transferred to the distilled liquor, and converted to vanillin by natural oxidization during the aging process...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Erika Hissong, Jose Jessurun, Rhonda K Yantiss
AIMS: Most gastric carcinomas develop in association with mucosal atrophy and hypochlorhydria, whereas benign peptic ulcers are acid-related. Given that acid sterilizes gastric contents, we hypothesized that ulcerated gastric cancers may be associated with increased luminal microbes compared with peptic ulcers, and that this feature may represent a helpful diagnostic clue to the presence of malignancy. We performed this study to determine whether features of luminal debris, including microorganisms, from ulcerated gastric cancers were significantly different from those of debris associated with benign ulcers...
March 8, 2018: Histopathology
Liangping Su, Hongyuan Li, Cheng Huang, Tingting Zhao, Yongjun Zhang, Xueqing Ba, Zhongwei Li, Yu Zhang, Baiqu Huang, Jun Lu, Yanmei Zhao, Xiaoxue Li
Mounting evidence shows that histone methylation, a typical epigenetic mark, is crucial for gene expression regulation during aging. Decreased trimethylation of Lys 36 on histone H3 (H3K36me3) in worms and yeast is reported to shorten lifespan. The function of H3K36me2 in aging remains unclear. In this study, we identified Caenorhabditis elegans SET-18 as a histone H3K36 dimethyltransferase. SET-18 deletion extended lifespan and increased oxidative stress resistance, dependent on daf-16 activity in the insulin/IGF pathway...
March 6, 2018: Cell Reports
R Shyama Prasad Rao, Ning Zhang, Dong Xu, Ian Max Møller
Motivation: Oxidative stress and protein damage have been associated with over 200 human ailments including cancer, stroke, neuro-degenerative diseases, and aging (Fedorova et al., 2014. Mass Spectrom. Rev., 33, 79-97). Protein carbonylation, a chemically diverse oxidative post-translational modification (PTM), is widely considered as the biomarker for oxidative stress and protein damage. Despite their importance and extensive studies, no database/resource on carbonylated proteins/sites exists...
March 2, 2018: Bioinformatics
Nur Hidayah Jamar, Paraskevi Kritsiligkou, Chris M Grant
Eukaryotic cells contain translation-associated mRNA surveillance pathways which prevent the production of potentially toxic proteins from aberrant mRNA translation events. We found that loss of mRNA surveillance pathways in mutants deficient in nonsense-mediated decay (NMD), no-go decay (NGD) and nonstop decay (NSD) results in increased protein aggregation. We have isolated and identified the proteins that aggregate and our bioinformatic analyses indicates that increased aggregation of aggregation-prone proteins is a general occurrence in mRNA surveillance mutants, rather than being attributable to specific pathways...
March 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
Dominika Mániková, Zuzana Šestáková, Jana Rendeková, Danuša Vlasáková, Patrícia Lukáčová, Edgars Paegle, Pavel Arsenyan, Miroslav Chovanec
Resveratrol is a natural (poly)phenol primarily found in plants protecting them against pathogens, as well as harmful effects of physical and chemical agents. In higher eukaryotic cells and organisms, this compound displays a remarkable range of biological activities, such as anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-aging, cardio- and neuro-protective properties. Here, biological activities of synthetic selenium-containing derivatives of resveratrol-benzo[ b ]selenophenes-have been studied in lower eukaryotes Saccharomyces cerevisiae ...
February 24, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Arrigo Francesco Giuseppe Cicero
The extracts of red yeast rice represent a nutraceutical with proven cholesterol lowering effect. Its efficacy is proportional to the concentration on monacolin K in the extract that could reach the amount of 10 mg per daily dose. The daily assumption of monacolin K could then reduce LDL-cholesterol plasma levels by 15-25% in 6-8 weeks. The LDL-cholesterol reduction is associated with a proportional reduction in total cholesterolemia, non-HDL cholesterolemia, plasma apolipoprotein B, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 9...
February 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
Stephen Frenk, Jonathan Houseley
Ageing leads to dramatic changes in the physiology of many different tissues resulting in a spectrum of pathology. Nonetheless, many lines of evidence suggest that ageing is driven by highly conserved cell intrinsic processes, and a set of unifying hallmarks of ageing has been defined. Here, we survey reports of age-linked changes in basal gene expression across eukaryotes from yeast to human and identify six gene expression hallmarks of cellular ageing: downregulation of genes encoding mitochondrial proteins; downregulation of the protein synthesis machinery; dysregulation of immune system genes; reduced growth factor signalling; constitutive responses to stress and DNA damage; dysregulation of gene expression and mRNA processing...
February 28, 2018: Biogerontology
Zvonimir Marelja, Silke Leimkühler, Fanis Missirlis
Iron sulfur (Fe-S) clusters and the molybdenum cofactor (Moco) are present at enzyme sites, where the active metal facilitates electron transfer. Such enzyme systems are soluble in the mitochondrial matrix, cytosol and nucleus, or embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane, but virtually absent from the cell secretory pathway. They are of ancient evolutionary origin supporting respiration, DNA replication, transcription, translation, the biosynthesis of steroids, heme, catabolism of purines, hydroxylation of xenobiotics, and cellular sulfur metabolism...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Barbara Polese, Emanuele Nicolai, Daniela Genovese, Viviana Verlezza, Carmine N La Sala, Marco Aiello, Marianna Inglese, Mariarosaria Incoronato, Giovanni Sarnelli, Tiziana De Rosa, Alfio Schiatti, Francesco Mondelli, Danilo Ercolini, Rosario Cuomo
Background: Europeans consume large quantities of bakery products, although these are known as one of the food categories that potentially leads to postprandial symptoms (such as fullness and bloating). Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of sourdough baked goods on gastric emptying and gastrointestinal fermentation and symptoms in healthy people. Methods: In a double-blind, randomized crossover study, 2 sourdough croissants (SCs) or 2 brewer's yeast croissants (BCs) were served as single meals to 17 healthy adults [9 women; age range: 18-40 y; body mass index range (in kg/m2): 18-24]...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Tolunay B Aydemir, Robert J Cousins
The SLC39A family of metal transporters was identified through homologies with the Zrt- and Irt-like (ZIP) proteins from yeast and plants. Of all the ZIP transporters, ZIP14 is arguably the most robustly characterized in terms of function at the integrative level. Mice with a global knockout of Zip14 are viable, thus providing the opportunity to conduct physiologic experiments. In mice, Zip14 expression is highly tissue specific, with the greatest abundance in the jejunum > liver > heart > kidney > white adipose tissue > skeletal muscle > spleen > pancreas...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Tamara Suhm, Lukas Habernig, Magdalena Rzepka, Jayasankar Mohanakrishnan Kaimal, Claes Andréasson, Sabrina Büttner, Martin Ott
The mitochondrial genome is responsible for the production of a handful of polypeptides that are core subunits of the membrane-bound oxidative phosphorylation system. Until now the mechanistic studies of mitochondrial protein synthesis inside cells have been conducted with inhibition of cytoplasmic protein synthesis to reduce the background of nuclear gene expression with the undesired consequence of major disturbances of cellular signaling cascades. Here we have generated a system that allows direct monitoring of mitochondrial translation in unperturbed cells...
January 13, 2018: Microbial Cell
Lourdes Santiago-López, Jose E Aguilar-Toalá, Adrián Hernández-Mendoza, Belinda Vallejo-Cordoba, Andrea M Liceaga, Aarón F González-Córdova
Traditionally, cheese is manufactured by converting fluid milk to a semisolid mass through the use of a coagulating agent, such as rennet, acid, heat plus acid, or a combination thereof. Cheese can vary widely in its characteristics, including color, aroma, texture, flavor, and firmness, which can generally be attributed to the production technology, source of the milk, moisture content, and length of aging, in addition to the presence of specific molds, yeast, and bacteria. Among the most important bacteria, lactic acid bacteria (LAB) play a critical role during the cheese-making process...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Gautam Pareek, Ruth E Thomas, Leo J Pallanck
The progressive accumulation of dysfunctional mitochondria is implicated in aging and in common diseases of the elderly. To oppose this occurrence, organisms employ a variety of strategies, including the selective degradation of oxidatively damaged and misfolded mitochondrial proteins. Genetic studies in yeast indicate that the ATPase Associated with diverse cellular Activities (AAA+ ) family of mitochondrial proteases account for a substantial fraction of this protein degradation, but their metazoan counterparts have been little studied, despite the fact that mutations in the genes encoding these proteases cause a variety of human diseases...
February 21, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"