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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334674/relationship-between-jumping-abilities-and-skeletal-muscle-architecture-of-lower-limbs-in-humans-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
J D Ruiz-Cárdenas, J J Rodríguez-Juan, J Ríos-Díaz
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of skeletal muscle architecture (SMA) features measured by 2-D ultrasonography on jumping performance in humans. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted, registry number: CRD42016043602. The scientific literature was systematically searched in eight databases, last run on March 14th, 2017. Cross-sectional studies focused on the association between SMA features and vertical jumping performance were selected. A random-effects model was used to analyze the influence of lower-limb SMA and maximal jump height...
January 12, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334650/environmentally-relevant-concentrations-of-glibenclamide-induce-oxidative-stress-in-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio
#2
Ericka María Guadalupe Martínez-Viveros, Hariz Islas-Flores, Octavio Dublán-García, Marcela Galar-Martínez, Nely SanJuan-Reyes, Sandra García-Medina, María Dolores Hernández-Navarro, Leobardo Manuel Gómez-Oliván
The hypoglycemic pharmaceutical glibenclamide (GLB) is widely used around the world. This medication is released into the environment by municipal, hospital and industrial wastewater discharges. Although there are reports of its environmental occurrence in the scientific literature, toxicity studies on aquatic species of commercial interest such as the common carp Cyprinus carpio are scarce. The present study aimed to evaluate the oxidative stress induced on C. carpio by environmentally relevant concentrations of GLB...
January 12, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334349/research-outputs-of-england-s-hospital-episode-statistics-hes-database-bibliometric-analysis
#3
Zain Chaudhry, Fahmida Mannan, Angela Gibson-White, Usama Syed, Shirin Ahmed, Azeem Majeed
BACKGROUND: Hospital administrative data, such as those provided by the Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) database in England, are increasingly being used for research and quality improvement. To date, no study has tried to quantify and examine trends in the use of HES for research purposes. OBJECTIVE: To examine trends in the use of HES data for research. METHODS: Publications generated from the use of HES data were extracted from PubMed and analysed...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334323/development-of-functional-agricultural-products-utilizing-the-new-health-claim-labeling-system-in-japan
#4
Mari Maeda-Yamamoto, Toshio Ohtani
In April 2015, Consumer Affairs Agency of Japan launched a new food labeling system known as "Foods with Function Claims (FFC)." Under this system, the food industry independently evaluates scientific evidence on foods and describes their functional properties. As of May 23, 2017, 1023 FFC containing 8 fresh foods have been launched. Meanwhile, to clarify the health-promoting effects of agricultural products, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NARO) implemented the "Research Project on Development of Agricultural Products" and demonstrated the risk reduction of osteoporosis of β-cryptoxanthin rich Satsuma mandarins and the anti-allergic effect of the O-methylated catechin rich tea cultivar Benifuuki...
January 15, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334237/safety-of-working-patterns-among-uk-neuroradiologists-what-can-we-learn-from-the-aviation-industry-and-cognitive-science
#5
John Reicher, Stuart Currie, Daniel Birchall
As the volume and complexity of imaging in the UK continues to rise, there is pressure on radiologists to spend increasing lengths of time reporting to cope with the growing workload. However, there is limited guidance for radiologists about structuring the working day to achieve the necessary balance between satisfactory reporting volume and maintaining quality and safety. We surveyed 86 Neuroradiologists (receiving 59 responses), regarding time spent reporting, frequency and duration of work breaks, and break activities...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333931/hyperspectral-imaging-of-tissue-perfusion-and-oxygenation-in-wounds-assessing-the-impact-of-a-micro-capillary-dressing
#6
Thomas Wild, Markus Becker, Jochen Winter, Nicole Schuhschenk, Georg Daeschlein, Frank Siemers
OBJECTIVE: Experimental tests of non-invasive multi- or hyperspectral imaging (HSI) systems reveal the high potential of support for medical diagnostic purposes and scientific biomedical analysis. Until now the use of HSI technologies for medical applications was limited by complex and overly sophisticated systems. We present a new and compact HSI-camera that could be used in normal clinical practice. METHOD: We assessed the use of the HSI system on the hands of 10 healthy volunteers, looking at control parameters, and those following venous occlusion, arterial occlusion and reperfusion, including tissue oxygenation, tissue haemoglobin index, perfusion in 4-6mm depth=near infrared spectroscopy (NIR), and tissue water index...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333848/highly-stable-and-luminescent-perovskite-polymer-composites-from-a-convenient-and-universal-strategy
#7
Yumeng Xin, Hongjie Zhao, Jiuyang Zhang
Extensive attention has been received in recent years for perovskite-polymer composites due to their combination of properties from polymers and perovskites. In this work, a convenient and universal strategy is reported to prepare cesium lead bromide (CsPbBr3) or organolead halide CH3NH3PbBr3 polymer composites. This technique integrates the formation of perovskite crystals and polymer matrix in a one-pot reaction, avoiding the tedious separation and preparation of perovskites. The method is universal for most of commercially available monomers and polymers, which has been verified in this report by poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), poly(butyl methacrylate) (PBMA) and polystyrene (PS)...
January 15, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333781/-research-progress-on-the-relationship-between-triggering-receptor-expressed-on-myeloid-cells-1-and-2-and-malignant-tumors
#8
Yang Yun, Wu Wuchao, Wu Yafei, Zhao Lei
Increasing scientific evidence supports the positive relationship between inflammation and cancer development. The immune response initiated by pattern recognition receptors is critical to triggering of tumor-associated inflammation. Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM) is an immunoglobulin of the super transmembrane glycoprotein family, which is mainly expressed on select groups of myeloid cells. The most important members of TREM comprise TREM-1 and TREM-2. Activation of TREM-1 and TREM-2 signaling is initiated upon binding of their ligands...
December 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333696/the-plantain-proteome-a-focus-on-allele-specific-proteins-obtained-from-plantain-fruits
#9
Nádia A Campos, Rony Swennen, Sebastien C Carpentier
Proteomics has been applied with great potential to elucidate molecular mechanisms in plants. This is especially valid in the case of non-model crops of which their genome has not been sequenced yet, or is not well annotated. Plantains are a kind of cooking bananas that are economically very important in Africa, India and Latin America. The aim of this work was to characterize the fruit proteome of common dessert bananas and plantains and to identify proteins that are only encoded by the plantain genome. We present the first plantain fruit proteome...
January 15, 2018: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333691/the-innate-immune-system-in-chronic-cardiomyopathy-a-european-society-of-cardiology-esc-scientific-statement-from-the-working-group-on-myocardial-function-of-the-esc
#10
REVIEW
Stefan Frantz, Ines Falcao-Pires, Jean-Luc Balligand, Johann Bauersachs, Dirk Brutsaert, Michele Ciccarelli, Dana Dawson, Leon J de Windt, Mauro Giacca, Nazha Hamdani, Denise Hilfiker-Kleiner, Emilio Hirsch, Adelino Leite-Moreira, Manuel Mayr, Thomas Thum, Carlo G Tocchetti, Jolanda van der Velden, Gilda Varricchi, Stephane Heymans
Activation of the immune system in heart failure (HF) has been recognized for over 20 years. Initially, experimental studies demonstrated a maladaptive role of the immune system. However, several phase III trials failed to show beneficial effects in HF with therapies directed against an immune activation. Preclinical studies today describe positive and negative effects of immune activation in HF. These different effects depend on timing and aetiology of HF. Therefore, herein we give a detailed review on immune mechanisms and their importance for the development of HF with a special focus on commonalities and differences between different forms of cardiomyopathies...
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333263/vancomycin-resistant-enterococcus-infection-in-the-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-recipient-an-overview-of-epidemiology-management-and-prevention
#11
REVIEW
Esther Benamu, Stanley Deresinski
Vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE) is now one of the leading causes of nosocomial infections in the United States. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients are at increased risk of VRE colonization and infection. VRE has emerged as a major cause of bacteremia in this population, raising important clinical questions regarding the role and impact of VRE colonization and infection in HSCT outcomes as well as the optimal means of prevention and treatment. We review here the published literature and scientific advances addressing these thorny issues and provide a rational framework for their approach...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333067/complications-of-staple-line-and-anastomoses-following-laparoscopic-bariatric-surgery
#12
REVIEW
Gianfranco Silecchia, Angelo Iossa
With over 600 million people being obese, and given the scientific demonstration of the advantages of surgical treatment, bariatric surgery is on the rise. The promising long-term results in terms of weight loss, and particularly in relation to comorbidities and the control/cure rate, mean that the number of procedures performed in all countries remains high. However, the risk of potentially complex or fatal complications, though small, is present and is related to the procedures per se. This review is a guide for bariatric and/or general surgeons, offering a complete overview of the pathogenesis of anastomosis and staple line following the most common laparoscopic bariatric procedures: sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass, and mini-gastric bypass...
January 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332909/type-2-myocardial-infarction%C3%A3-an-evolving-entity
#13
Cian P McCarthy, James L Januzzi, Hanna K Gaggin
Type 2 myocardial infarction (T2MI) refers to myocardial necrosis caused by an imbalance in myocardial oxygen supply and demand and in the absence of acute coronary thrombosis. Despite growing recognition of this entity, there remains little understanding of the pathophysiology and uncertainty over the diagnostic criteria for this subtype of MI. Alarmingly, recent studies suggest that a diagnosis of T2MI pertains a prognosis similar to, if not worse than, type 1 MI. With increasing clinical use of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin assays, the frequency of recognition of T2MI is expected to increase...
January 13, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332805/trends-of-non-destructive-analytical-methods-for-identification-of-biodiesel-feedstock-in-diesel-biodiesel-blend-according-to-european-commission-directive-2012-0288-ec-and-detecting-diesel-biodiesel-blend-adulteration-a-brief-review
#14
REVIEW
Sarmento Júnior Mazivila
Discrimination of biodiesel feedstock present in diesel-biodiesel blend is challenging due to the great similarity in the spectral profile as well as digital image profile of each type of feedstock employed in biodiesel production. Once the marketed diesel-biodiesel blend is subsidized, in which motivates adulteration in biofuel blend by cheaper supplies with high solubility to obtain profits associated with the subsidies involved in biodiesel production. Non-destructive analytical methods based on qualitative and quantitative analysis for detecting marketed diesel-biodiesel blend adulteration are reviewed...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332791/highly-sensitive-and-reproducible-non-enzymatic-glucose-sensor-fabricated-by-drop-casting-novel-nanocomposite-with-3d-architecture-and-tailorable-properties-prepared-in-controllable-way
#15
Min Ma, Taotao Zhe, Yiyue Ma, Zonghan Wang, Qiang Chen, Jianlong Wang
Novel nanocomposite has tailorable properties and ordered 3D architecture similar to the structure of materials prepared by electrodeposition which is convenient and efficient but the reproducibility is limited because of the uncontrollable preparation process, was scientifically synthetized in controllable way and used for non-enzymatic glucose sensor for the first time. Flower-like α-Ni(OH)2 with high specific surface areas and good anion transport ability benefited from its distinctive stacking faults and turbostratic disorder structure was synthesized through facile one-step hydrothermal method...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332773/does-medical-staffing-influence-perceived-safety-an-international-survey-on-medical-crew-models-in-helicopter-emergency-medical-services
#16
Kristen Rasmussen, Jo Røislien, Stephen J M Sollid
OBJECTIVE: The competence, composition, and number of crewmembers have generally been considered to influence the degree of patient care and safety in helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS), but evidence to support the advantages of one crew concept over another is ambiguous; additionally, the benefit of physicians as crewmembers is still highly debated. METHODS: To compare perceived safety in different medical crew models, we surveyed international HEMS medical directors regarding the types of crew compositions their system currently used and their supportive rationales and to evaluate patient and flight safety within their services...
January 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332655/research-on-tuberculosis-in-tribal-areas-in-india-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
V G Rao, M Muniyandi, J Bhat, R Yadav, R Sharma
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health problem in resource-poor countries including India. Scientific knowledge is used to guide policy and practice. There is however, a limited, systematically collected data required for guiding the scale-up of interventions particularly amongst vulnerable populations including tribal groups in the country. In view of this, a systematic review of the TB research studies carried out in tribal areas of different parts of the country was undertaken...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332636/implementation-of-an-electronic-routine-outcome-monitoring-at-an-inpatient-unit-for-psychosomatic-medicine
#18
Jonas Egeter, Katharina Hüfner, Monika Sztankay, Bernhard Holzner, Barbara Sperner-Unterweger
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) can be part of an electronic routine outcome monitoring (eROM). eROM can improve patient involvement, treatment outcomes and simplify scientific data assessment. Available studies on eROM focus on its evaluation only and lack a detailed description of the prior implementation procedure. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to implement an eROM assessment at a division of Psychosomatic Medicine and provide a detailed description of the implementation procedure...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332593/facile-synthesis-crystal-structure-dft-calculation-and-biological-activities-of-4-2-fluorophenyl-3-3-methoxybenzyl-1h-1-2-4-triazol-5-4h-one-5
#19
Muhammad Saleem, Muhammad Rafiq, Yeon Ki Jeong, Dae Won Cho, Chong-Hyeak Kim, Sung-Yum Seo, Chang-Shik Choi, Seong-Karp Hong, Ki-Hwan Lee
BACKGROUND: In the past few decades, the design, synthesis and characterization of novel heterocyclic compounds with auspicious biological profile received the considerable attention of scientific community. Among them, the small and simple organic molecular backbone like triazole moiety have broad spectrum of applications in the medicinal as well as diagnostic areas. OBJECTIVE: The objective of present study was the synthesis, characterization and exploration of biological profile of 4-(2-fluorophenyl)-3-(3-methoxybenzyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5(4H)-one (5)...
January 12, 2018: Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332590/the-potential-role-of-oxidative-stress-in-cardiac-hypertrophy-a-narrative-review
#20
Abeer Rababa H, Ashley Guillory, Rima Mustafa, Tamara Hijjawi
BACKGROUND: A common phenotype associated with heart failure is the development of cardiac hypertrophy. Cardiac hypertrophy occurs in response to stress, such as hypertension, coronary vascular disease, or myocardial infarction. The most critical pathophysiological conditions involved may include dilated hypertrophy, fibrosis and contractile malfunction. The intricate pathophysiological mechanisms of cardiac hypertrophy have been the core of several scientific studies, which may help in opening a new avenue in preventive and curative procedures...
January 11, 2018: Current Cardiology Reviews
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