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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169083/political-aspects-of-shared-reality
#1
REVIEW
Chadly Stern, Peter Ondish
The political world permeates people's everyday experiences. In this article, we review recent research concerning how the pursuit, creation, and maintenance of shared reality underlie important political phenomena. We address three general points. First, we discuss how the desire to share reality shapes the political attitudes that people adopt. Second, we outline how the existence of competing representations of reality can lead to prolonged political conflicts that are challenging to overcome. Third, we consider how and why shared reality contributes to social stasis and change...
November 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169080/novel-and-rare-prenyllipids-occurrence-and-biological-activity
#2
REVIEW
Renata Szymańska, Jerzy Kruk
The data presented indicate that there is a variety of unique prenyllipids, often of very limited taxonomic distribution, whose origin, biosynthesis, metabolism and biological function deserves to be elucidated. These compounds include tocoenols, tocochromanol esters, tocochromanol acids, plastoquinones and ubiquinones. Additionally, based on the available data, it can be assumed that there are still unrecognized prenyllipids, like prenylquinols fatty acid esters of the hydroquinone ring, including prenylquinol phosphates, and others, whose biological function might be of great importance...
November 14, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168885/distribution-of-peripheral-dendritic-cells-in-patients-with-hbv-infection-or-spleen-and-kidney-deficiency
#3
Weixia Chen, Lei Wang, Yaofei Niu, Guang Ji, Lianjun Xing
AIMS: Spleen and kidney deficiency syndrome (SKD), a Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndrome, is the fundamental mechanisms of TCM. We aim to investigate the distribution of peripheral dendritic cells (DCs) in HBV patients with SKD or non-SKD. METHODS: Peripheral venous blood from patients with HBV infection and healthy volunteers was collected to extract PBMC, and flow cytometry assay was used to measure the distribution of DCs subsets, including myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs) and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs)...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168774/carotenoids-from-marine-organisms-biological-functions-and-industrial-applications
#4
REVIEW
Christian Galasso, Cinzia Corinaldesi, Clementina Sansone
As is the case for terrestrial organisms, carotenoids represent the most common group of pigments in marine environments. They are generally biosynthesized by all autotrophic marine organisms, such as bacteria and archaea, algae and fungi. Some heterotrophic organisms also contain carotenoids probably accumulated from food or partly modified through metabolic reactions. These natural pigments are divided into two chemical classes: carotenes (such as lycopene and α- and β-carotene) that are composed of hydrogen and carbon; xanthophylls (such as astaxanthin, fucoxanthin and lutein), which are constituted by hydrogen, carbon and oxygen...
November 23, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168653/utilizing-biomarkers-in-colorectal-cancer-an-interview-with-ajay-goel
#5
Ajay Goel
Ajay Goel, PhD, is a Professor and Director, Center for Gastrointestinal Research, and Director, Center for Translational Genomics and Oncology, at the Baylor Scott & White Research Institute, Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas, Texas. Dr Goel has spent more than 20 years researching cancer and has been the lead author or contributor to over 240 scientific articles published in peer-reviewed international journals and several book chapters. He is also a primary inventor on more than 15 international patents aimed at developing various biomarkers for the diagnosis, prognosis and prediction of gastrointestinal cancers...
November 23, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168643/disruptive-therapeutic-innovation-and-the-opportunity-to-eliminate-a-chronic-disease-the-issue-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-in-spain
#6
Conrado M Fernández Rodríguez
Public funding decisions must be guided by criteria of scientific evidence, cost-effectiveness and economic evaluation. As an increase in health-effectiveness provided by therapeutic innovations can also substantially raise the cost, the cost-effectiveness analysis estimating this increase in the cost per unit of health gained compared to the previous technologies should be part of the economic evaluation. The measure of effectiveness most frequently used in health economic evaluations is the Quality Adjusted Life Year (QALY)...
November 23, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168428/standardized-assessment-of-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-in-breast-cancer-an-evaluation-of-inter-observer-agreement-between-pathologists
#7
Trine Tramm, Tina Di Caterino, Anne-Marie B Jylling, Giedrius Lelkaitis, Anne-Vibeke Lænkholm, Péter Ragó, Tomasz P Tabor, Maj-Lis M Talman, Emmanouela Vouza
INTRODUCTION: In breast cancer, there is a growing body of evidence that tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) may have clinical utility and may be able to direct clinical decisions for subgroups of patients. Clinical utility is, however, not sufficient for warranting the implementation of a new biomarker in the routine practice, and evaluation of the analytical validity is needed, including testing the reproducibility of decentralized assessment of TILs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the inter-observer agreement of TILs assessment using a standardized method, as proposed by the International TILs Working Group 2014, applied to a cohort of breast cancers reflecting an average breast cancer population...
November 23, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168232/current-state-and-future-of-paediatric-allergology-in-europe-a-road-map
#8
Olympia Tsilochristou, Paraskevi Maggina, Zaraquiza Zolkipli, Silvia Sanchez Garcia, Pinar Uysal, Monserrat Alvaro Lozano, Marina Atanaskovic-Markovic, Astghik Baghdasaryan, Kirsten Beyer, George DuToit, Roy Gerth van Wijk, Arne Høst, Jonathan O'Hourihane, Lars Ingemann, Juho E Kivistö, Jose Manuel Lopes Dos Santos, Erik Melén, Muraro Antonella, Antonio Nieto, Giovanni Pajno, Klaus Rose, Lagos A Réthy, Cansin Sackesen, Peter Schmid Grendelmeier, Erkka Valovirta, Magnus Wickman, Philippe A Eigenmann, Ulrich Wahn, Lauri-Ann van der Poel
The history of pediatric allergology (PA) in Europe is relatively youthful, dating back to 1984, when a small group of pediatricians founded the European Working Group on Pediatric Allergy and Immunology - later giving rise to ESPACI (European Society on Pediatric Allergology and Clinical Immunology). In 1990, the first dedicated journal, Pediatric Allergy and Immunology (PAI), was founded. There are striking differences across Europe, and even within European countries, in relation to the training pathways for doctors seeing children with allergic disease(s)...
November 23, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168202/differentiation-of-ecuadorian-national-and-ccn-51-cocoa-beans-and-their-mixtures-by-computer-vision
#9
Juan C Jiménez Barragán, Freddy Marcelo Amores Puyutaxi, Eddyn Gabriel Solórzano, Gladys Angélica Rodríguez, Alessandro La Mantia, Paolo Blasi, Rey Gastón Loor Solórzano
BACKGROUND: Ecuador exports two major types of cocoa beans, the highly regarded and lucrative National, known for its fine aroma, and the CCN-51 clone type, used in bulk for mass chocolate products. In order to discourage exportation of National cocoa adulterated with CCN-51, a fast and objective methodology for distinguishing between the two types of cocoa beans is needed. RESULTS: This study reports a methodology based on computer vision, which makes it possible to recognize these beans and determine the percentage of their mixture...
November 23, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168076/model-based-methods-in-the-biopharmaceutical-process-lifecycle
#10
Paul Kroll, Alexandra Hofer, Sophia Ulonska, Julian Kager, Christoph Herwig
Model-based methods are increasingly used in all areas of biopharmaceutical process technology. They can be applied in the field of experimental design, process characterization, process design, monitoring and control. Benefits of these methods are lower experimental effort, process transparency, clear rationality behind decisions and increased process robustness. The possibility of applying methods adopted from different scientific domains accelerates this trend further. In addition, model-based methods can help to implement regulatory requirements as suggested by recent Quality by Design and validation initiatives...
November 22, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167949/survey-of-beaver-related-restoration-practices-in-rangeland-streams-of-the-western-usa
#11
David S Pilliod, Ashley T Rohde, Susan Charnley, Rachael R Davee, Jason B Dunham, Hannah Gosnell, Gordon E Grant, Mark B Hausner, Justin L Huntington, Caroline Nash
Poor condition of many streams and concerns about future droughts in the arid and semi-arid western USA have motivated novel restoration strategies aimed at accelerating recovery and increasing water resources. Translocation of beavers into formerly occupied habitats, restoration activities encouraging beaver recolonization, and instream structures mimicking the effects of beaver dams are restoration alternatives that have recently gained popularity because of their potential socioeconomic and ecological benefits...
November 22, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167948/a-path-to-actionable-climate-science-perspectives-from-the-field
#12
Nicole M DeCrappeo, Gustavo A Bisbal, Alison M Meadow
The U.S. Department of the Interior Climate Science Centers (CSCs) work with natural and cultural resource managers and scientists to gather information and build tools needed to help fish, wildlife, and ecosystems adapt to the impacts of climate change. The CSCs prioritize the delivery of actionable science products (e.g., synthesized scientific information, maps, decision support tools, etc.) that are focused on key management priorities and co-produced by teams of scientists and managers. In the specific case of the Northwest CSC, we have been successful at promoting and supporting the co-production of actionable climate science at the individual project level, but it has been more difficult to replicate this success at the regional program level...
November 22, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167795/managing-rheumatoid-arthritis-with-dietary-interventions
#13
REVIEW
Shweta Khanna, Kumar Sagar Jaiswal, Bhawna Gupta
Self-help by means of dietary interventions can help in management of various disorders including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a debilitating autoimmune disease. Dietary interventions necessitate a widespread appeal for both patients as well as clinicians due to factors including affordability, accessibility, and presence of scientific evidences that demonstrate substantial benefits in reducing disease symptoms such as pain, joint stiffness, swelling, tenderness and associated disability with disease progression...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167737/make-researchers-revisit-past-publications-to-improve-reproducibility
#14
Clare Fiala, Eleftherios P Diamandis
Scientific irreproducibility is a major issue that has recently increased attention from publishers, authors, funders and other players in the scientific arena.  Published literature suggests that 50-80% of all science performed is irreproducible.  While various solutions to this problem have been proposed, none of them are quick and/or cheap.  Here, we propose one way of reducing scientific irreproducibility by asking authors to revisit their previous publications and provide a commentary after five years...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167650/social-and-emotional-learning-and-academic-achievement-in-portuguese-schools-a-bibliometric-study
#15
REVIEW
Ana M Cristóvão, Adelinda A Candeias, José Verdasca
Social and Emotional Learning (SEL) is an educational movement that is gaining ground throughout the world. We can define SEL as the capacity to recognize and manage emotions, solve problems effectively, and establish positive relationships with others. Research has demonstrated the significant role of SEL in promoting healthy student development and academic achievement. Extensive research confirms that SEL competencies: can be taught, that they promote positive development and reduce problem behaviors, and that they improve students' academic achievement and citizenship...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167625/from-cubist-simultaneity-to-quantum-complementarity
#16
Christophe Schinckus
This article offers a contribution to the history of scientific ideas by proposing an epistemological argument supporting the assumption made by Miller whereby Niels Bohr has been influenced by cubism (Jean Metzinger) when he developed his non-intuitive complementarity principle. More specifically, this essay will identify the Bergsonian durée as the conceptual bridge between Metzinger and Bohr. Beyond this conceptual link between the painter and the physicist, this paper aims to emphasize the key role played by art in the development of human knowledge...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167563/specification-of-murine-ground-state-pluripotent-stem-cells-to-regional-neuronal-populations
#17
Walaa F Alsanie, Jonathan C Niclis, Cameron P Hunt, Isabelle R De Luzy, Vanessa Penna, Christopher R Bye, Colin W Pouton, John Haynes, Jaber Firas, Lachlan H Thompson, Clare L Parish
Pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) are a valuable tool for interrogating development, disease modelling, drug discovery and transplantation. Despite the burgeoned capability to fate restrict human PSCs to specific neural lineages, comparative protocols for mouse PSCs have not similarly advanced. Mouse protocols fail to recapitulate neural development, consequently yielding highly heterogeneous populations, yet mouse PSCs remain a valuable scientific tool as differentiation is rapid, cost effective and an extensive repertoire of transgenic lines provides an invaluable resource for understanding biology...
November 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167302/plain-packaging-of-tobacco-products-in-the-european-union-an-eu-success-story
#18
EDITORIAL
Constantine Vardavas, Filippos T Filippidis, Brian Ward, Marine Faure, Carlos Jimenez-Ruiz, Christina Gratziou, Paraskevi Katsaounou, Francisco Lozano, Panagiotis Behrakis, Cornel Radu-Loghin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167297/an-official-european-respiratory-society-statement-pulmonary-haemodynamics-during-exercise
#19
Gabor Kovacs, Philippe Herve, Joan Albert Barbera, Ari Chaouat, Denis Chemla, Robin Condliffe, Gilles Garcia, Ekkehard Grünig, Luke Howard, Marc Humbert, Edmund Lau, Pierantonio Laveneziana, Gregory D Lewis, Robert Naeije, Andrew Peacock, Stephan Rosenkranz, Rajeev Saggar, Silvia Ulrich, Dario Vizza, Anton Vonk Noordegraaf, Horst Olschewski
There is growing recognition of the clinical importance of pulmonary haemodynamics during exercise, but several questions remain to be elucidated. The goal of this statement is to assess the scientific evidence in this field in order to provide a basis for future recommendations.Right heart catheterisation is the gold standard method to assess pulmonary haemodynamics at rest and during exercise. Exercise echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise testing represent non-invasive tools with evolving clinical applications...
November 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167171/advances-in-our-understanding-of-the-pathogenesis-of-hemolytic-uremic-syndromes
#20
Emily Elizabeth Bowen, Richard John Mark Coward
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is major global health care issue as it is the leading cause of acute kidney injury in children. It is a triad of acute kidney injury, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia. It is classified as a glomerular thrombotic microangiopathy. In recent years major advances in our understanding of complement driven inherited rare forms of HUS have been achieved. However, 90% of cases of HUS are associated with a Shiga toxin producing enteric pathogen. The precise pathological mechanisms in this setting are yet to be elucidated...
November 22, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
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