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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155291/measuring-the-psychosocial-dimensions-of-quality-of-life-in-advanced-cancer-patients-psychometrics-of-the-german-quality-of-life-at-the-end-of-life-cancer-psychosocial-qual-ec-p-questionnaire
#1
Britta Grünke, Rebecca Philipp, Sigrun Vehling, Katharina Scheffold, Martin Härter, Karin Oechsle, Frank Schulz-Kindermann, Anja Mehnert, Christopher Lo
CONTEXT: Quality of life is a central focus of care in advanced cancer. Specialized instruments, such as the QUAL-EC, may be useful to assess psychosocial issues associated with quality of life unique to this population. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the measurement of the psychosocial dimensions of quality of life using the German translation of the QUAL-EC-Cancer-Psychosocial Questionnaire (QUAL-EC-P), including factor structure and psychometrics. METHODS: 183 patients with advanced cancer from the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf and University Medical Center Leipzig completed the QUAL-EC-P...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155224/medical-encounter-mental-health-diagnoses-non-fatal-injury-and-polypharmacy-indicators-of-risk-for-accident-death-in-the-us-army-enlisted-soldiers-2004-2009
#2
Lisa Lewandowski-Romps, Heather M Schroeder, Patricia A Berglund, Lisa J Colpe, Kenneth Cox, Keith Hauret, Jeffrey D Hay, Bruce Jones, Roderick J A Little, Colter Mitchell, Michael Schoenbaum, Paul Schulz, Murray B Stein, Robert J Ursano, Steven G Heeringa
Accidents are a leading cause of deaths in U.S. active duty personnel. Understanding accident deaths during wartime could facilitate future operational planning and inform risk prevention efforts. This study expands prior research, identifying health risk factors associated with U.S. Army accident deaths during the Afghanistan and Iraq war. Military records for 2004-2009 enlisted, active duty, Regular Army soldiers were analyzed using logistic regression modeling to identify mental health, injury, and polypharmacy (multiple narcotic and/or psychotropic medications) predictors of accident deaths for current, previously, and never deployed groups...
November 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154605/psychological-symptoms-and-subsequent-healthy-lifestyle-after-a-colorectal-cancer-diagnosis
#3
Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Shelley S Tworoger, Elizabeth M Poole, Xuehong Zhang, Edward L Giovannucci, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt, Laura D Kubzansky
OBJECTIVE: Although medical professionals recommend lifestyle changes following a colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis to improve outcomes, such changes are not consistently implemented. This study examines whether higher distress is associated with lower likelihood of engaging in favorable behaviors after CRC diagnosis. METHOD: Women from the Nurses' Health Study prospective cohort who completed anxiety (n = 145) and depression (n = 227) symptom scales within 4 years after receiving a CRC diagnosis were included...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154594/morally-injurious-events-and-psychological-distress-among-veterans-examining-the-mediating-role-of-religious-and-spiritual-struggles
#4
Wyatt R Evans, Melinda A Stanley, Terri L Barrera, Julie J Exline, Kenneth I Pargament, Ellen J Teng
OBJECTIVE: Potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs)-violations (perpetrated or witnessed) of one's deeply held beliefs or values-have been associated with several forms of psychological distress. The values violated by PMIEs are often influenced by one's religion/spirituality (r/s). Struggles with one's r/s beliefs and/or practices may also contribute to elevated psychological distress. To further develop a framework for understanding and treating the sequelae of PMIE exposure, we examined the role of r/s struggles in the relation between PMIE exposure and psychological distress...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154158/the-prevalence-reporting-and-treatment-of-anxiety-among-older-adults-in-nursing-homes-and-other-residential-aged-care-facilities
#5
Alexandra S Creighton, Tanya E Davison, David W Kissane
BACKGROUND: Little is known about anxiety in aged care populations, despite its increase in this frail population. This study investigated the prevalence, recording, and treatment rate of anxiety disorders among aged care residents. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational design was used to assess 180 elderly residents from 12 aged care facilities in Melbourne, Australia. Participants were assessed for threshold and subthreshold anxiety disorders and comorbid depression using the MINI for DSM-5...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153935/a-qualitative-assessment-of-adolescent-girls-perception-of-living-with-congenital-heart-disease-focusing-on-future-pregnancies-and-childbirth
#6
Mayumi Nakamura, Sachiko Kita, Ryota Kikuchi, Yoichiro Hirata, Takahiro Shindo, Nobutaka Shimizu, Ryo Inuzuka, Akira Oka, Kiyoko Kamibeppu
PURPOSE: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth anomaly in Japan, occurring in approximately 10.6 of every 1,000 live births. Advancements in medical and surgical care have increased births by women diagnosed with CHD. The study's purpose was to examine the perceptions of pregnancy and childbirth among adolescent girls with CHD. DESIGN AND METHODS: Twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted, and the data were analyzed using a modified grounded-theory approach...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153783/patterns-and-correlates-of-medical-cannabis-use-for-pain-among-patients-prescribed-long-term-opioid-therapy
#7
Shannon M Nugent, Bobbi Jo Yarborough, Ning X Smith, Steven K Dobscha, Richard A Deyo, Carla A Green, Benjamin J Morasco
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about co-occurring long-term opioid therapy (LTOT) and medical cannabis use. We compared characteristics of patients prescribed LTOT who endorsed using medical cannabis for pain to patients who did not report cannabis use. METHOD: Participants (n=371) prescribed LTOT completed self-report measures about pain, substance use, and mental health. RESULTS: Eighteen percent of participants endorsed using medical cannabis for pain...
November 8, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153580/effectiveness-and-safety-of-oro-dispersible-sildenafil-in-a-new-film-formulation-for-the-treatment-of-erectile-dysfunction-comparison-between-sildenafil-100-mg-film-coated-tablet-and-75-mg-oro-dispersible-film
#8
Andrea Cocci, Marco Capece, Gianmartin Cito, Giorgio Ivan Russo, Marco Falcone, Massimiliano Timpano, Michele Rizzo, Pier Andrea Della Camera, Simone Morselli, Riccardo Campi, Francesco Sessa, Giovanni Cacciamani, Andrea Minervini, Mauro Gacci, Vincenzo Mirone, Girolamo Morelli, Nicola Mondaini, Gaia Polloni, Sergio Serni, Alessandro Natali
BACKGROUND: A new oro-dispersible film (ODF) formulation of sildenafil has been developed for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED) to overcome the drawbacks that some patients experience when taking the conventional film-coated tablet (FCT). AIM: To assess the effectiveness and safety of sildenafil ODF formulation in patients with ED who were using the conventional FCT. METHODS: From May 2017 through July 2017, 139 patients with ED were enrolled...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153299/effects-of-educational-intervention-on-state-anxiety-and-pain-in-people-undergoing-spinal-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Chiu-Hsiang Lee, Jung-Tung Liu, Shu-Chen Lin, Tsai-Yu Hsu, Chung-Ying Lin, Long-Yau Lin
Preoperative educational intervention for anxiety and pain affects patients undergoing spinal surgery. The effects, however, have never been examined using randomized controlled designs. To investigate the effects of education on anxiety and pain for patients undergoing spinal surgery. A randomized trial with block design. Patients were recruited from a medical center in central Taiwan. We invited 90 patients to participate in this study. Inclusion criteria were (a) age ≥20 years, (b) voluntary participation, (c) able to understand Taiwanese Mandarin Chinese or Taiwanese, and (4) no hearing or vision impairments after using aids...
November 15, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152209/case-control-study-hyperbaric-oxygen-treatment-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-persistent-post-concussion-syndrome-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#10
Paul G Harch, Susan R Andrews, Edward F Fogarty, Juliette Lucarini, Keith W Van Meter
Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) persistent post-concussion syndrome (PPCS) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are epidemic in United States Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans. Treatment of the combined diagnoses is limited. The aim of this study is to assess safety, feasibility, and effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen treatments (HBOT) for mild TBI PPCS and PTSD. Thirty military subjects aged 18-65 with PPCS with or without PTSD and from one or more blast-induced mild-moderate traumatic brain injuries that were a minimum of 1 year old and occurred after 9/11/2001 were studied...
July 2017: Medical Gas Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151092/conversion-factitious-disorder-and-malingering-a-distinct-pattern-or-a-continuum
#11
Silvio Galli, Laurent Tatu, Julien Bogousslavsky, Selma Aybek
This chapter is aimed at highlighting the recent findings concerning physiopathology, diagnosis, and management of conversion, factitious disorder, and malingering. Conversion disorder is the unintentional production of neurological symptom, whereas malingering and factitious disorder represent the voluntary production of symptoms with internal or external incentives. They have a close history and this has been frequently confounded. Practitioners are often confronted to medically unexplained symptoms; they represent almost 30% of neurologist's consultation...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150233/management-of-first-depression-or-generalized-anxiety-disorder-episode-in-adults-in-primary-care-a-systematic-metareview
#12
Damien Driot, Michel Bismuth, Adrien Maurel, Julie Soulie-Albouy, Jordan Birebent, Stéphane Oustric, Julie Dupouy
CONTEXT: General Practitioners (GPs) are the leading antidepressants prescribers in Europe and in France. Difficulties in implementing existing recommendations in daily practice have been described. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to elaborate two algorithms to guide GPs in the patient management for a first major depressive disorder (MDD) or generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) episode in primary care. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Cochrane, and ISI Web of Science were explored using mainly the following keywords: depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, antidepressive agents or antidepressant...
November 14, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149893/association-between-severity-of-illicit-drug-dependence-and-quality-of-life-in-a-psychosocial-care-center-in-brazil-cross-sectional-study
#13
Selva Rios Campêlo, Maria Alves Barbosa, Danilo Rocha Dias, Camila Cardoso Caixeta, Cláudio Rodrigues Leles, Celmo Celeno Porto
BACKGROUND: Quality of life must be one of the main purposes for the treatment of drug users, requiring a better understanding of the association between the quality of life and the severity of dependency. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between severity of substance use in various areas of human functioning and quality of life of illicit drug users in a psychosocial care center for alcohol and drugs. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 60 participants - illicit drug users - treated at a psychosocial care center for alcohol and drugs...
November 17, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149359/-preclinical-and-intrahospital-management-of-mass-casualties-and-terrorist-incidents
#14
REVIEW
A Franke, D Bieler, B Friemert, E Kollig, S Flohe
Due to the recent terrorist attacks in Paris, Brussels, Ansbach, Munich, Berlin and more recently Manchester and London, terrorism is realized as a present threat to our society and social life, as well as a challenge for the health care system. Without fueling anxiety, there is a need for sensitization to this subject and to familiarize all concerned with the special kind of terrorist attack-related injuries, the operational priorities and tactics and the individual basic principles of preclinical and hospital care...
October 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147119/psychosocial-factors-predicting-length-of-hospitalization-in-elderly-individuals-with-diabetes-in-selected-hospitals-of-isfahan-university-of-medical-sciences-isfahan-iran-in-2015
#15
Omeleila Baharlooei, Mousa Alavi, Marzieh Adelmehraban
BACKGROUND: Currently, researchers seek to identify factors related to length of hospital stay in elderly in order to reduce burden on the health system. The importance of either physiological or psychological factors in determining health outcomes has been well stablished; however, the possible contribution of psychosocial factors particularly in elderly patients with diabetes is also of special importance. This study aimed to know what psychosocial variables predicts length of hospital stay in elderly patients with diabetes...
May 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146648/economic-evaluation-of-an-e-mental-health-intervention-for-patients-with-retinal-exudative-diseases-who-receive-intraocular-anti-vegf-injections-e-pseye-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Hilde P A van der Aa, Ger H M B van Rens, Frank D Verbraak, Machteld Bosscha, Marc A Koopmanschap, Hannie C Comijs, Pim Cuijpers, Ruth M A van Nispen
INTRODUCTION: Because of the great potential of vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors (anti-VEGF) for retinal exudative diseases, an increased number of patients receives this treatment. However, during this treatment, patients are subjected to frequent invasive intravitreal injections, and the effects on reversing the process of vision loss are uncertain, which may have negative consequences for patients' mental health. One in three patients experience at least mild symptoms of depression/anxiety...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145989/pain-management-strategies-in-shoulder-arthroplasty
#17
REVIEW
Jason L Codding, Charles L Getz
Pain control in total shoulder arthroplasty demands a multidisciplinary approach with collaboration between patients, surgeon, and anesthetist. A multimodal approach with preemptive medication, regional blockade, local anesthetics, and a combination of acetaminophen, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, tramadol, and gabapentinoids postoperatively leads to pain control and patient satisfaction. Assessment of patients' expectations constitutes a vital aspect of the preoperative patient evaluation. Educating and psychologically preparing patients reduces postoperative pain...
January 2018: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145793/portrayal-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-in-youtube%C3%A2-videos
#18
Sarah A MacLean, Corey H Basch, Rachel Reeves, Charles E Basch
BACKGROUND: Individuals often search the Internet for information about their medical conditions, such as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), a common mental health disorder. AIMS: To describe the content of the most popular videos on YouTube™ related to GAD. METHODS: Videos with at least 50,000 views in October 2016 were coded for information regarding symptoms, treatments and causes for GAD. Associations of content with factors such as popularity and focus on a personal experience were examined...
December 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145728/understanding-how-emergency-medicine-physicians-survive-and-thrive-in-rural-practice-a-theoretical-model
#19
Ashra Kolhatkar, Andrea Keesey, Bob Bluman, Brenna Lynn, Tandi Wilkinson
INTRODUCTION: The challenges facing emergency medicine (EM) services in Canada reflect the limitations of the entire healthcare system. The emergency department (ED) is uniquely situated in the healthcare system such that shortcomings in hospital- and community-based services are often first revealed there. This is especially true in rural settings, where there are additional site-specific barriers to the provision of EM care. Existing studies look at the factors that influence rural EM physicians in isolation...
November 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145033/is-chronic-postsurgical-pain-surgery-induced-a-study-of-persistent-postoperative-pain-following-breast-reconstruction
#20
Randy S Roth, Ji Qi, Jennifer B Hamill, Hyungjin M Kim, Tiffany N S Ballard, Andrea L Pusic, Edwin G Wilkins
BACKGROUND: Chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) is a reported risk for women undergoing breast reconstruction, but it remains unclear that such persistent pain is induced by reconstructive surgery. To address this concern, this prospective cohort study examined the prevalence of and risk factors associated with CPSP among women undergoing breast reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women (n = 1996) recruited for the Mastectomy Reconstruction Outcomes Consortium (MROC) Study were assessed preoperatively and at two-years postoperatively for relevant medical/...
November 13, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
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