keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

risk cardiac

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938644/intravascular-ultrasound-guidance-in-drug-eluting-stents-implantation-a-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
Cheng Qian, Hong Feng, Jianlei Cao, Guangyu Zhang, Yanggan Wang
OBJECTIVE: Previous evidence suggested that intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance could improve outcomes after drug-eluting stents (DES) placement, largely driven by data from observational studies. We, therefore, performed a meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis of randomized controlled trials to overcome this limitation. RESULTS: The retrieval process yielded 7 RCTs with 3,192 patients. Compared to the angiography guidance, IVUS-guided DES implantation was associated with a significant reduction in the major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (OR 0...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938508/-angina-pectoris-in-a-young-woman-with-lupus-erythematosus
#2
Simon Braumann, Malte P Bartram, Roman Pfister, Guido Michels
History and clinical findings We present a 31-year old woman with a 6-year history of cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) who presented to the emergency room with typical chest pain. ECG and transthoracic echocardiography were normal. Her working diagnosis of pericarditis was made due to systemic progression of her lupus erythematosus (LE). Treatment with NSAIDs was initiated and her immunosuppressive regimen intensified. The patient was discharged after resolution of her symptoms. A week later, the patient was seen at the rheumatology clinic with recurrence and aggravation of her symptoms...
September 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938456/growth-hormone-improves-cardiopulmonary-capacity-and-body-composition-in-children-with-growth-hormone-deficiency
#3
Donatella Capalbo, Flavia Barbieri, Nicola Improda, Francesco Giallauria, Elisa Di Pietro, Antonio Rapacciuolo, Raffaella Di Mase, Carlo Vigorito, Mariacarolina Salerno
Context: Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) in children may be associated with early cardiovascular risk factors and alterations in left ventricular (LV) structure and function; however, data on cardiopulmonary functional capacity are lacking. Objectives: Aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of GHD and GH therapy on cardiopulmonary functional capacity, left and right cardiac structure and function, and body composition in children and adolescents. Design: Prospective, case-control study...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938249/absence-of-fitness-improvement-is-associated-with-outcomes-in-heart-failure-patients
#4
Esmée A Bakker, Johan A Snoek, Esther P Meindersma, Maria T E Hopman, Louise Bellersen, André L M Verbeek, Dick H J Thijssen, Thijs M H Eijsvogels
PURPOSE: To examine the clinical impact of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and improvements in CRF after cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in heart failure (HF) patients for their risk of all-cause mortality and unplanned hospitalization. Secondly, to investigate possible factors associated with the absence of improvement in CRF after rehabilitation. METHODS: We included 155 HF patients receiving CR between October 2009 and January 2015. Patients performed an incremental bicycle test to assess CRF through peak oxygen uptake (VO2-peak) before and after CR-based supervised exercise training...
September 21, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938241/long-term-patient-and-kidney-survival-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-or-medical-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-propensity-matched-cohort-study
#5
Tycho Vuurmans, Lee Er, Alexander Sirker, Ognjenka Djurdjev, Gerald Simkus, Adeera Levin
BACKGROUND: Revascularization in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and coronary artery disease (CAD) is often deferred because of concern over progression of renal failure. HYPOTHESIS: Revascularization with either coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) leads to progression of renal failure, but improves survival compared with medical therapy in patients with CKD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Linkages between the British Columbia Cardiac Registry and the British Columbia Renal Registry of patients with established CAD and CKD who underwent CABG, PCI, or were treated medically were propensity matched...
September 21, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937925/effect-of-self-reported-distress-thermometer-score-on-the-maximal-handgrip-and-pinch-strength-measurements-in-hemodialysis-patients
#6
Stephanie Camilleri, Stephanie Chong, Kamonwan Tangvoraphonkchai, Suree Yoowannakul, Andrew Davenport
BACKGROUND: Muscle weakness is a risk factor for mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Muscle strength measurements are routinely used as a screening tool but depend on patient cooperation and motivation. We wished to determine whether measuring maximal voluntary muscle strength was affected by patient self-reported distress. METHODS: We measured pinch strength (PS) and handgrip strength (HGS) in 382 adult HD patients with a corresponding self-reported distress thermometer (DT) scores...
October 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937876/pilot-study-of-the-pulsatile-neuro-peripapillary-retinal-deformation-in-glaucoma-and-its-relationship-with-glaucoma-risk-factors
#7
Maribel Hidalgo-Aguirre, Santiago Costantino, Mark Richard Lesk
PURPOSE: To perform a pilot study of the neuro-peripapillary retinal tissue deformation during the cardiac cycle among healthy eyes, ocular hypertensive (OHT), open angle glaucoma suspect (OAG-S), and early open angle glaucoma (EOAG) patients using video rate optical coherence tomography (OCT) image series. METHODS: OCT line scan sequences of the same region of the optic nerve head (ONH) were obtained from 15 EOAG, 6 OHT, 10 OAG-S, and 10 healthy age-matched eyes...
September 22, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937582/design-of-the-exercise-mri-evaluation-of-hiv-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-longitudinal-determinants-exhalted-trial
#8
Mohamad Amer Alaiti, Aditya Goud, Gautam Ramani, Sashwatee Bagchi, Sadeer Al-Kindi, Steven Sawicki, Christopher Longenecker, Trevor Jenkins, David Pauza, Myung Park, Grace McComsey, Orlando Simonetti, Brian Hoit, Sanjay Rajagopalan
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a potentially serious cause of dyspnea and exercise limitation in patients with HIV infection. In this trial, we propose using exercise MRI in conjunction with cardiopulmonary testing to delineate PAH from other causes of cardiovascular dysfunction, identify individuals with exercise-induced PAH who are at high risk of developing resting PAH, and provide longitudinal estimates of progression of PAH and right ventricular function. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, HIV patients with dyspnea and exercise limitation in the absence of identifiable causes and those who meet the inclusion criteria will be enrolled based on resting pulmonary artery pressure (≤ or >40 mmHg) on a screening echocardiogram and exercise limitation on the Modified Medical Research Council dyspnea scale...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937533/chronic-poststernotomy-pain-incidence-risk-factors-treatment-prevention-and-the-anesthesiologist-s-role
#9
Amanda M Kleiman, Daniel T Sanders, Edward C Nemergut, Julie L Huffmyer
Chronic pain following median sternotomy is common after cardiac surgery. If left untreated, chronic sternal pain can reduce quality of life, affecting sleep, mood, activity level, and overall satisfaction. This has a significant societal effect given the large number of cardiac surgeries annually. Although a number of pathophysiologic processes and risk factors are assumed to contribute, the exact cause and major risk factors remain unknown. Moreover, the treatment of chronic poststernotomy pain is often inadequate, relying on opioids and other medications that provide minimal benefit to the patient and have significant adverse effects...
September 20, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936893/severe-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-in-a-patient-with-atypical-anderson-fabry-disease
#10
Daniele Masarone, Giovanni Duro, Santo Dellegrottaglie, Paolo Colomba, Marta Rubino, Annapaola Cirillo, Antonio Pisani, Martina Caiazza, Perry Mark Elliott, Paolo Calabrò, Giuseppe Pacileo, Giuseppe Limongelli
AIM: Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) is a hereditary disorder caused by a deficiency in the lysosomal enzyme α-galactosidase A which causes dysfunctions in multiple organ systems. Cardiac manifestation includes left ventricular hypertrophy, thickening of the valves, conduction disturbances and in the late phase, extensive areas of myocardial fibrosis with increased risk of sudden cardiac death. Case example: A case of AFD with exclusive cardiac involvement is described. During follow-up, due to the high risk of life-threatening arrhythmic events, implantation of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator is performed...
September 22, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936745/circulating-exosomes-in-cardiovascular-diseases
#11
Yihua Bei, Ting Chen, Daniel Dumitru Banciu, Dragos Cretoiu, Junjie Xiao
Circulating exosomes could arrive in distant tissues via blood circulation, thus directly communicating with target cells and rapidly regulating intracellular signalings. Circulating exosomes and exosomal cargos are critically involved in cardiovascular pathophysiology, such as cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, apoptosis, and angiogenesis. Circulating exosomes enriched with various types of biological molecules can be changed not only in the number but also in the composite cargos upon cardiac injury, such as myocardial infarction, myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury, atherosclerosis, hypertension, and sepsis cardiomyopathy, which may further influence cardiomyocyte function and contribute to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936736/pathological-effects-of-exosomes-in-mediating-diabetic-cardiomyopathy
#12
Esam S B Salem, Guo-Chang Fan
Diabetic subjects are at risk of developing cardiovascular disease, which accounts for 60-80% of diabetes-related mortality. Atherosclerosis is still considered as a leading cause of heart failure in diabetic patients, but it could also be an intrinsic and long-term effect of contractile cardiac cells malfunction, known as diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). Pathologically, this cardiac dysfunction is manifested by inflammation, apoptosis, fibrosis, hypertrophy and altered cardiomyocytes metabolism. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of DCM pathophysiology are not clearly understood...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936580/use-of-cardiopulmonary-pump-support-during-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-the-high-risk-a-meta-analysis
#13
A Yousif, D Addison, N Lakkis, T Rosengart, S S Virani, Y Birnbaum, M Alam
BACKGROUND: Data from randomized trials evaluating the efficacy of on- versus off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting remain inconclusive, particularly in high-risk populations. AIMS: The aim of this study is to compare the outcomes associated with on- versus off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting among high-risk patients. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of randomized control trials comparing on- versus off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting, focusing on high-risk populations...
September 21, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936374/helical-tomotherapy-for-postmastectomy-radiotherapy-after-immediate-left-breast-reconstruction-a-case-study
#14
Dominique Mathieu, Nazanin Shahvary, Nicolas Côté, Kerianne Boulva, Léamarie Meloche-Dumas, Toni Vu, Erica Patocskai, Christina Bernier, David Roberge, Israel Fortin
A 43-year-old premenopausal female presented with a multicentric infiltrating lobular carcinoma of the left breast with axillary nodes metastasis. She underwent modified radical mastectomy with axillary lymph node dissection (level I and II) followed by a mixed autologous latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction with the addition of prosthesis. The final pathological analysis revealed a 6 cm invasive lobular carcinoma pT3N2aM0, grade III/III, estrogen and progesterone positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) negative, with 5/16 positive lymph nodes...
July 12, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936086/diabetes-mellitus-as-the-presenting-feature-of-friedreich-s-ataxia
#15
Meenal Garg, Shilpa D Kulkarni, Krishnakumar N Shah, Anaita Udwadia Hegde
Patients with Friedreich's ataxia (FA) are at an increased risk of developing diabetes mellitus and glucose intolerance. Diabetes usually develops many years after the initial presentation. We report an 8-year-old girl who initially presented with diabetic ketoacidosis and was treated as a case of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Around a year later, she developed gait problems and ataxia. Cardiac involvement was detected on echocardiography. Genetic testing confirmed the diagnosis of FA. FA should be a diagnostic consideration in children presenting with diabetes and neurological issues, even with early presentation of the former...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935953/very-low-density-lipoprotein-of-metabolic-syndrome-modulates-gap-junctions-and-slows-cardiac-conduction
#16
Hsiang-Chun Lee, Chih-Chieh Chen, Wei-Chung Tsai, Hsin-Ting Lin, Yi-Lin Shiao, Sheng-Hsiung Sheu, Bin-Nan Wu, Chu-Huang Chen, Wen-Ter Lai
Very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) is a hallmark of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and each manifestation of MetS is related to atrial fibrillation (AF) risks. Slowed atrial conduction is a mechanism of AF in MetS. We hypothesized that VLDL can modulate and reduce atrial gap junctions. VLDLs were separated from normal (Normal-VLDL) and MetS (MetS-VLDL) individuals. VLDLs (15 µg/g) and equivalent volumes of saline (CTL) were injected respectively to C57BL/6 mice for 6 weeks. Electrocardiograms demonstrated that MetS-VLDL induced prolongation of P wave (P = 0...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935681/sex-differences-in-the-utilization-and-outcomes-of-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-for-severe-aortic-stenosis
#17
Zakeih Chaker, Vinay Badhwar, Fahad Alqahtani, Sami Aljohani, Chad J Zack, David R Holmes, Charanjit S Rihal, Mohamad Alkhouli
BACKGROUND: Studies assessing the differential impact of sex on outcomes of aortic valve replacement (AVR) yielded conflicting results. We sought to investigate sex-related differences in AVR utilization, patient risk profile, and in-hospital outcomes using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 166 809 patients (63% male and 37% female) who underwent AVR between 2003 and 2014 were identified, and 48.5% had a concomitant cardiac surgery procedure...
September 21, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935680/cardiac-events-during-competitive-recreational-and-daily-activities-in-children-and-adolescents-with-long-qt-syndrome
#18
Kristina D Chambers, Virginie Beausejour Ladouceur, Mark E Alexander, Robyn J Hylind, Laura Bevilacqua, Douglas Y Mah, Vassilios Bezzerides, John K Triedman, Edward P Walsh, Dominic J Abrams
BACKGROUND: The 2005 Bethesda Conference Guidelines advise patients with long QT syndrome against competitive sports. We assessed cardiac event rates during competitive and recreational sports, and daily activities among treated long QT syndrome patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Long QT syndrome patients aged ≥4 years treated with anti-adrenergic therapy were included. Demographics included mechanism of presentation, corrected QT interval pretreatment, symptom history, medication compliance, and administration of QT-prolonging medications...
September 21, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935634/assessment-of-left-ventricular-function-and-peripheral-vascular-arterial-stiffness-in-patients-with-dipper-and-non-dipper-hypertension
#19
Yan Chen, Ju-Hua Liu, Zhe Zhen, Yuan Zuo, Qingshan Lin, Mingya Liu, Chunting Zhao, Min Wu, Gaozhen Cao, Run Wang, Hung-Fat Tse, Kai-Hang Yiu
A non-dipper pattern of high blood pressure is associated with increased risk of organ damage and cardiovascular disease in patients with hypertension. The aim of the study was to evaluate the left ventricular (LV) remodeling and function and arterial stiffness in a dipper/non-dipper pattern of high blood pressure in patients with hypertension. A total of 183 hypertensive patients with no history of adverse cardiovascular events were divided into two groups based on 24 hours ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM): 66 patients with a dipper pattern and 117 patients with non-dipper pattern...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935571/aggravated-post-infarct-heart-failure-in-type-2-diabetes-is-associated-with-impaired-mitophagy-and-exaggerated-inflammasome-activation
#20
Thota Durga Devi, Mohan Babu, Petri Mäkinen, Minna Kaikkonen, Merja Heinaniemi, Hanne Laakso, Elias Ylä-Herttuala, Lassi Rieppo, Timo Liimatainen, Nikolay Naumenko, Pasi Tavi, Seppo Ylä-Herttuala
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a major risk factor for heart disease. Mortality rates following myocardial infarction (MI) are significantly increased in T2DM patients due to dysfunctional left ventricle (LV). However, molecular pathways underlying accelerated post-MI heart failure (HF) in T2DM remain unclear. We investigated the underlying mechanisms by inducing MI in a well-established model of T2DM and control mice. Cardiac imaging revealed a significantly decreased global LV ejection fraction (EF) in parallel with increased mortality post-MI in T2DM mice compared to controls...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
keyword
keyword
100767
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"