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Anesthesia total intravenous , Tiva, total intravenous anesthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213945/optimization-of-initial-propofol-bolus-dose-for-eeg-narcotrend-index-guided-transition-from-sevoflurane-induction-to-intravenous-anesthesia-in-children
#1
Nils Dennhardt, Dietmar Boethig, Christiane Beck, Sebastian Heiderich, Martin Boehne, Andreas Leffler, Barbara Schultz, Robert Sümpelmann
BACKGROUND: Sevoflurane induction followed by intravenous anesthesia is a widely used technique to combine the benefits of an easier and less traumatic venipuncture after sevoflurane inhalation with a recovery with less agitation, nausea, and vomiting after total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA). Combination of two different anesthetics may lead to unwanted burst suppression in the electroencephalogram (EEG) during the transition phase. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this prospective clinical observational study was to identify the optimal initial propofol bolus dose for a smooth transition from sevoflurane induction to TIVA using the EEG Narcotrend Index (NI)...
February 18, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207547/planning-for-operating-room-efficiency-and-faster-anesthesia-wake-up-time-in-open-major-upper-abdominal-surgery
#2
Hou-Chuan Lai, Shun-Ming Chan, Chueng-He Lu, Chih-Shung Wong, Chen-Hwan Cherng, Zhi-Fu Wu
Reducing anesthesia-controlled time (ACT) may improve operation room (OR) efficiency result from different anesthetic techniques. However, the information about the difference in ACT between desflurane (DES) anesthesia and propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) techniques for open major upper abdominal surgery under general anesthesia (GA) is not available in the literature.This retrospective study uses our hospital database to analyze the ACT of open major upper abdominal surgery without liver resection after either desflurane/fentanyl-based anesthesia or TIVA via target-controlled infusion with fentanyl/propofol from January 2010 to December 2011...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183546/sevoflurane-preserves-regional-cerebral-oxygen-saturation-better-than-propofol-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Tomislav Ružman, Tatjana Šimurina, Danijela Gulam, Nataša Ružman, Maja Miškulin
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate possible effects of volatile induction and maintenance anesthesia with sevoflurane (VIMA) and total intravenous anesthesia with propofol (TIVA) on regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rcSo2) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. DESIGN: Randomized, prospective and single-blinded study. SETTING: Academic hospital. PATIENTS: ASA physical status of I and II surgical patients, scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy from March 2013 to October 2014...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096580/randomized-double-blind-comparison-of-remifentanil-and-alfentanil-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-using-total-intravenous-anesthesia
#4
José M Beleña, Mónica Núñez, Alfonso Vidal, Diego Anta
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To compare the use of remifentanil and alfentanil to suppress intraoperative adrenergic response of pain and the influence of these drugs on the recovery profile in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy using a total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomized to be managed with either remifentanil (group R) or alfentanil (group A)...
October 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904618/assessment-of-different-anesthesia-depth-under-total-intravenous-anesthesia-on-postoperative-cognitive-function-in-laparoscopic-patients
#5
Delin Zhang, Aiqing Nie
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the effects of different depths of sedation during total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with remifentanil and propofol given by target-controlled infusion (TCI) on postoperative cognitive function in young and middle-aged patients undergoing gynecological laparoscopic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 150 American Society of Anesthesiologists physical Status I/II patients scheduled for gynecological laparoscopic operation were randomly divided into three groups...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771984/the-effects-of-adding-ischemic-preconditioning-during-desflurane-inhalation-anesthesia-or-propofol-total-intravenous-anesthesia-on-pneumoperitoneum-induced-oxidative-stress
#6
Safinaz Karabayirli, Onder Surgit, Hulya Kasikara, Cemile Koca Bicer, Merve Ergin, Ruveyda Irem Demircioglu, Bunyamin Muslu
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to explore the differences in oxidative stress during anesthesia with desflurane/N2O or propofol/remifentanil in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy and additionally to evaluate the differential effects of desflurane and propofol on ischemic preconditioning (IP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred patients were randomly allocated to four groups. For anesthesia maintenance, the inhalation group (Group I) and the inhalation plus IP group (Group IIP) received desflurane at an end-tidal concentration of 4-6 vol% in oxygen/N2O, and the TIVA group (Group T) and TIVA plus IP group (Group TIP) received infusions of propofol and remifentanil...
October 24, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736225/use-of-propofol-for-induction-and-maintenance-of-anesthesia-in-a-king-penguin-aptenodytes-patagonicus-undergoing-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#7
Sarah E Bigby, Jennifer E Carter, Sébastien Bauquier, Thierry Beths
Anesthesia protocols for patients with intracranial lesions need to provide hemodynamic stability, preserve cerebrovascular autoregulation, avoid increases in intracranial pressure, and facilitate a rapid recovery. Propofol total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) maintains cerebral blood flow autoregulation and is considered superior to inhalant agents as an anesthetic protocol for patients with intracranial lesions. A propofol-based TIVA subsequent to premedication with medetomidine and diazepam was used in a king penguin ( Aptenodytes patagonicus ) undergoing magnetic resonance imaging of the brain after a new onset of seizures...
September 2016: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687369/magnesium-sulfate-or-diltiazem-as-adjuvants-to-total-intravenous-anesthesia-to-reduce-blood-loss-in-functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#8
Ajisha Aravindan, Rajeshwari Subramanium, Anjolie Chhabra, Priyankar K Datta, Vimi Rewari, Suresh C Sharma, Rakesh Kumar
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to know whether addition of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) or diltiazem to total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) (propofol) aided reduction in blood loss during functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). The secondary outcomes measured were surgeon's assessment of the surgical field and hemodynamics. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: Operating room. PATIENTS: Forty-five American Society of Anesthesiologists I and II adult patients (18-60years) undergoing FESS...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687366/randomized-comparison-of-the-feasibility-of-three-anesthetic-techniques-for-day-case-open-inguinal-hernia-repair
#9
Pertti Pere, Jukka Harju, Pekka Kairaluoma, Veikko Remes, Päivi Turunen, Per H Rosenberg
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Comparison of local anesthetic infiltration (LAI), spinal anesthesia (SPIN) and total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) for open inguinal herniorrhaphy. We hypothesized that patients receiving LAI could be discharged faster than SPIN and TIVA patients. DESIGN: Randomized, prospective trial. SETTING: University hospital day-surgery center. PATIENTS: 156 adult male patients (ASA 1-3) undergoing day-case open inguinal herniorrhaphy...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650295/a-randomized-double-blind-trial-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-palonosetron-with-total-intravenous-anesthesia-using-propofol-and-remifentanil-for-the-prevention-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-after-gynecologic-surgery
#10
Yun-Sic Bang, Young Uk Kim, Dawoon Oh, Eui Yong Shin, Soo Kyoung Park
PURPOSE: Palonosetron has potent and long-acting antiemetic effects for postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the efficacy of palonosetron when used with total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) using propofol and remifentanil for the prevention of PONV in patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. METHODS: This prospective double-blind study comprised 100 female American Society of Anesthesiologist physical status I and II patients who were undergoing laparoscopic gynecologic surgery under TIVA...
December 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479259/-emergence-delirium-in-children-prophylaxis-and-treatment
#11
Julius Z Wermelt, Richard K Ellerkmann
Emergence Delirium in children after general anesthesia is a common and self limitating event. Although it might be seen as being harmless it can cause other serious complications and might leave both parents and other caregivers with a negative impression behind. Although the cause may still not be clear, potential predictors can be named: preschool age, the use of fast acting volatile anesthestics, higher preoperative anxiety levels and postoperative pain.A child-focused approach to reduce preoperative anxiety focusing on distraction methods rather than pharmacological sedation may be the key as well as sufficient postoperative pain control and the use of total intravenous anesthesia...
July 2016: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461767/bispectral-index-under-propofol-anesthesia-in-children-a-comparative-randomized-study-between-tiva-and-tci
#12
Nicolas Louvet, Agnès Rigouzzo, Nada Sabourdin, Isabelle Constant
BACKGROUND: In children, only a few studies have compared different modes of propofol infusion during a total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with propofol and remifentanil. The aim of this study was to compare Bispectral Index (BIS) profiles (percentage of time spent at adequate BIS values) between four modes of propofol infusion: titration of the infusion rate on clinical signs (TIVA0 ), titration of the infusion rate on the BIS (TIVABIS ), target controlled infusion (TCI) guided by the BIS either with the Kataria model (TCI KBIS ) or the Schnider model (TCI SBIS )...
September 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27431595/sevoflurane-versus-total-intravenous-anesthesia-for-isolated-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-with-cardiopulmonary-bypass-a-randomized-trial
#13
Valery V Likhvantsev, Giovanni Landoni, Dmitry I Levikov, Oleg A Grebenchikov, Yuri V Skripkin, Rostislav A Cherpakov
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have suggested that the cardioprotective effects of halogenated anesthetics in cardiac surgery result in reduced cardiac biomarker release compared with total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA). These findings came from relatively small randomized clinical trials and meta-analyses. The authors of this study hypothesized that the beneficial effects of volatile anesthetics translate into a reduced length of hospital stay after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass...
October 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366507/turkish-anaesthesiologist-s-experiences-of-anaesthetic-management-of-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-osa
#14
Mesut Erbaş, Hasan Ali Kiraz, Tuncer Şimşek, Hasan Şahin, Hüseyin Toman, Volkan Hancı
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an important health problem that is increasing with the increase in the incidence of obesity. For patients with OSA, it is reported that preoperative OSA diagnosis is made in only 10%-20% of the patients. Therefore, it gains importance that these patients are diagnosed in the preoperative period. The aim of this study is to analyze with a survey the experiences of anaesthesia experts working in Turkey about the diagnosis of patients with OSA, anaesthetic methods and postoperative care...
August 2015: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339667/pharmacodynamic-comparison-of-rocuronium-bromide-between-patients-from-the-plateau-area-and-from-the-plain-area
#15
Min Xie, Jianxin Huang, Peng Li, Zhiyan Ou, Jing Hou
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to conduct a pharmacodynamic comparison of rocuronium bromide between patients from the plateau area and from the plain area. METHODS: A total of 104 patients who received laparoscopic cholecystectomy in Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital and Aba Autonomous Prefecture People's Hospital from October 2015 to December 2015 were included in this study. Among them, 46 patients were from the plateau area and 58 were from the plain area. Both groups received total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with a dose of 0...
June 23, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247906/the-protective-effect-of-hydromorphone-to-ischemia-in-rat-glial-cells
#16
Young Sung Kim, Woon Young Kim, Yeon-Hwa Kim, Ji Won Yoo, Too Jae Min
BACKGROUND: Ischemic insults during operation can cause ischemic-reperfusion injuries in brain as well as memory impairments. Total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) is the preferred anesthetic method in brain surgery, as it utilizes motor evoked potential monitoring. And the use of opioids is common in TIVA. However there are few studies about ischemic protective effect of opioids to glial cells. METHODS: We used mixed cultures of rat glial cells, which were harvested from the brain of 1-day old rat...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215869/advances-in-anesthesia-delivery-in-the-deployed-setting
#17
John E Wilson, William P Barras
Lessons learned over the past decade and a half of combat casualty management has brought about numerous advances in trauma anesthesia practice. In the post-Vietnam era, deployable anesthesia equipment centered on the capability to provide a balanced anesthetic technique, utilizing a combination of volatile gas and intravenous anesthetic adjuncts. The evolution of the modern battlefield has forced anesthesia providers across the military to adapt to mission requirements that often dictate a surgical capability that is more rapidly mobile and less reliant on logistical support...
April 2016: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27177175/analysis-of-facial-motor-evoked-potentials-for-assessing-a-central-mechanism-in-hemifacial-spasm
#18
Marshall F Wilkinson, Tumul Chowdhury, W Alan Mutch, Anthony M Kaufmann
OBJECTIVE Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a cranial nerve hyperactivity disorder characterized by unique neurophysiological features, although the underlying pathophysiology remains disputed. In this study, the authors compared the effects of desflurane on facial motor evoked potentials (MEPs) from the spasm and nonspasm sides of patients who were undergoing microvascular decompression (MVD) surgery to test the hypothesis that HFS is associated with a central elevation of facial motor neuron excitability. METHODS Facial MEPs were elicited in 31 patients who were undergoing MVD for HFS and were administered total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with or without additional desflurane, an inhaled anesthetic known to centrally suppress MEPs...
February 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27146802/remifentanil-and-propofol-undergo-separation-and-layering-when-mixed-in-the-same-syringe-for-total-intravenous-anesthesia
#19
Sean O'Connor, Yan Ling Zhang, Uwe Christians, John E Morrison, Robert H Friesen
BACKGROUND: Propofol and remifentanil can be combined to deliver total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA). Propofol and remifentanil are sometimes mixed in the same syringe. Since remifentanil is a solution and propofol is an emulsion, we hypothesized that they would separate over time when mixed in the same syringe. METHODS: Nine 60-ml polypropylene syringes were prepared as follows: Group A: 1.25 ml of remifentanil solution (1 mg·ml(-1) ) was added to 48.75 ml of propofol (10 mg·ml(-1) ) in three syringes...
July 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125331/effects-of-intravenous-terbutaline-on-heart-rate-arterial-pressure-and-blood-gases-in-anesthetized-horses-breathing-air
#20
Isla Arcaro, Berit L Fischer, Kara M Lascola, Stuart C Clark-Price
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of intravenous (IV) administration of terbutaline on PaO2 , PaCO2 , pH, heart rate (HR) and arterial pressures in healthy, laterally recumbent horses breathing ambient air under total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. ANIMALS: Eight healthy adult horses were enrolled. Six horses, four mares and two geldings weighing 433-624 kg, completed the study. METHODS: Horses were sedated with xylazine (1...
April 29, 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
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