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user centered design

Mickael Silva, Miguel P Machado, Diogo N Silva, Mirko Rossi, Jacob Moran-Gilad, Sergio Santos, Mario Ramirez, João André Carriço
Gene-by-gene approaches are becoming increasingly popular in bacterial genomic epidemiology and outbreak detection. However, there is a lack of open-source scalable software for schema definition and allele calling for these methodologies. The chewBBACA suite was designed to assist users in the creation and evaluation of novel whole-genome or core-genome gene-by-gene typing schemas and subsequent allele calling in bacterial strains of interest. chewBBACA performs the schema creation and allele calls on complete or draft genomes resulting from de novo assemblers...
March 15, 2018: Microbial Genomics
Sana B Ali, Juana Romero, Kevin Morrison, Baria Hafeez, Jessica S Ancker
OBJECTIVES:  Although electronic patient portals are offered by most health care organizations, poor usability and poor fit to patient needs may pose barriers to adoption. We collaborated with an academic hospital to conduct iterative user evaluation of a newly deployed portal designed to deliver inpatient data upon hospital discharge. METHODS:  Three evaluators applied heuristic usability evaluation and conducted 23 individual user testing sessions with patients with chronic disease or managing the care of family members with chronic disease...
January 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
Aadesh K Rakhra, Danny D Mann
If a user-centered approach is not used to design information displays, the quantity and quality of information presented to the user may not match the needs of the user, or it may exceed the capability of the human operator for processing and using that information. The result may be an excessive mental workload and reduced situation awareness of the operator, which can negatively affect the machine performance and operational outcomes. The increasing use of technology in agricultural machines may expose the human operator to excessive and undesirable information if the operator's information needs and information processing capabilities are ignored...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
Magdalena Elcoro, Martín Agrest
The concept of "recovery" is still controversial as to what its principal components/dimensions are. From the perspective of a mental health professional, recovery is related to a clinical improvement and to a higher functioning. However, from a users' perspective, its major component is related to hope and having a meaningful life. The present paper analyses recovery by studying English and Spanish scales designed to measure recovery. A total of 44 recovery scales were found, of which only 19 had been made public, evaluated personal recovery from a users' perspective, used a Likert scale for all items and could be adapted to different contexts...
November 2017: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Marian Krawczyk, Richard Sawatzky
OBJECTIVES: This study is part of an overarching research initiative on the development and integration of an electronic Quality of Life and Practice Support System (QPSS) that uses patient-reported outcome and experience measures in clinical practice. The current study focused on palliative nurse consultants trialing the QPSS with older hospitalized adults receiving acute care. The primary aim of the study was to better understand consultants' and patients' experiences and perspectives of use...
March 8, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
Nienke Elske Dijkstra, Carolina Geertruida Maria Sino, Eibert Rob Heerdink, Marieke Joanna Schuurmans
BACKGROUND: Home care patients often use many medications and are prone to drug-related problems (DRPs). For the management of problems related to drug use, home care could add to the multidisciplinary expertise of general practitioners (GPs) and pharmacists. The home care observation of medication-related problems by home care employees (HOME)-instrument is paper-based and assists home care workers in reporting potential DRPs. To facilitate the multiprofessional consultation, a digital report of DRPs from the HOME-instrument and digital monitoring and consulting of DRPs between home care and general practices and pharmacies is desired...
March 7, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
Mohanraj Thirumalai, William B Kirkland, Samuel R Misko, Sangeetha Padalabalanarayanan, Laurie A Malone
BACKGROUND: Active video game (AVG) playing, also known as "exergaming," is increasingly employed to promote physical activity across all age groups. The Wii Fit Balance Board is a popular gaming controller for AVGs and is used in a variety of settings. However, the commercial off-the-shelf (OTS) design poses several limitations. It is inaccessible to wheelchair users, does not support the use of stabilization assistive devices, and requires the ability to shift the center of balance (COB) in all directions to fully engage in game play...
March 6, 2018: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
Brita Sedlmayr, Jennifer Schöffler, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Martin Sedlmayr
BACKGROUND: The use of a nationwide medication plan has been promoted as an effective strategy to improve patient safety in Germany. However, the medication plan only exists as a paper-based version, which is related to several problems, that could be circumvented by an electronic alternative. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to report on the development of a mobile interface concept to support the management of medication information. METHODS: The human-centered design (UCD) process was chosen...
March 5, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
Megan E Denham, Yousef Bushehri, Lisa Lim
OBJECTIVE: This article presents a pilot study that employed a user-centered methodology for evaluating and quantifying neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) designs based on the needs of the primary users. BACKGROUND: The design of NICUs has begun to shift from open-bay to single-family rooms. Both designs present unique advantages and challenges that impact babies, families, and caregivers. METHODS: One NICU design was analyzed using the functional scenario (FS) analysis method...
January 1, 2018: HERD
Guido Giunti, Vasiliki Mylonopoulou, Octavio Rivera Romero
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is one of the world's most common neurologic disorders. Fatigue is one of most common symptoms that persons with MS experience, having significant impact on their quality of life and limiting their activity levels. Self-management strategies are used to support them in the care of their health. Mobile health (mHealth) solutions are a way to offer persons with chronic conditions tools to successfully manage their symptoms and problems. Gamification is a current trend among mHealth apps used to create engaging user experiences and is suggested to be effective for behavioral change...
March 2, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Juh Hyun Shin
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an older adult exercise program in a senior-living complex campus. DESIGN: A longitudinal one-group design was used. METHODS: To supply residents with tools to maintain or improve general quality of life, balance, endurance, depression, and functional mobility, the Wellness and Fitness Center at the research setting provided a wide assortment of user-friendly equipment with many options...
March 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
Michelle Tinner, Paul Crovella, Paula F Rosenbaum
OBJECTIVES: Determine the relative impact of 11 building wellness features on preference and on the ability to deliver/receive quality care for two groups: patients and caregivers. BACKGROUND: The impact of building features that promote wellness is of increasing interest to the building owners, designers, and occupants. METHODS: This study performed a postoccupancy evaluation of two user groups at a healthcare facility with specific wellness features...
January 1, 2018: HERD
Matthew R Beymer, Michelle A DeVost, Robert E Weiss, Rhodri Dierst-Davies, Chelsea L Shover, Raphael J Landovitz, Corinne Beniasians, Ali J Talan, Risa P Flynn, Robyn Krysiak, Kayla McLaughlin, Robert K Bolan
BACKGROUND: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an effective method for reducing HIV incidence among at-risk populations. However, concerns exist over the potential for an increase in STIs following PrEP initiation. The objective of this study is to compare the STI incidence before and after PrEP initiation within subjects among a cohort of men who have sex with men in Los Angeles, California. METHODS: The present study used data from patients who initiated PrEP services at the Los Angeles LGBT Center between October 2015 and October 2016 (n=275)...
February 27, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Ying Wang, Pei Xu, Xiaohua Wu, Xinyi Wu, Baogen Wang, Yunping Huang, Yaowen Hu, Jiandong Lin, Zhongfu Lu, Guojing Li
GourdBase is an integrative data platform for the bottle gourd to examine its multifarious intuitive morphology and annotated genome. GourdBase consists of six main modules that store and interlink multi-omic data: the genome (with transcriptomic data integrated) module, the phenome module, the markers/QTLs module, the maps (genetic, physical and comparative) module, the cultivars module, and the publications module. These modules provide access to various type of data including the annotated reference genome sequence, gene models, transcriptomic data from various tissues, physical and comparative genome maps, molecular markers in different types, phenotypic data for featuring traits including fruit shape and umami taste, and quantitative trait loci (QTLs) that underlie these traits...
February 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
Zhe Wang, Michael Pukszta
OBJECTIVE: This research aims to better understand the needs and preferences of cancer outpatients, their families, and nursing staff with regard to private rooms, semi-open areas, or open areas for ambulatory cancer care. BACKGROUND: Environments for cancer chemotherapy care are outpatient settings, and recommendations based on findings regarding inpatient settings may not be appropriate. Users of chemotherapy treatment environments include cancer patients, their families, and nursing staff...
January 1, 2018: HERD
Harley Ramelson, Amanda Nederlof, Sam Karmiy, Pamela Neri, David Kiernan, Rajlakshmi Krishnamurthy, Adrienne Allen, David W Bates
Objective: To evaluate the impact of a referral manager tool on primary care practices. Materials and Methods: We evaluated a referral manager module in a locally developed electronic health record (EHR) that was enhanced to improve the referral management process in primary care practices. Baseline (n = 61) and follow-up (n = 35) provider and staff surveys focused on the ease of performing various steps in the referral process, confidence in completing those steps, and user satisfaction...
February 17, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
Gratianne Vaisson, Holly O Witteman, Zachary Bouck, Caroline A Bravo, Laura Desveaux, Diego Llovet, Justin Presseau, Marianne Saragosa, Monica Taljaard, Shama Umar, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Jill Tinmouth, Noah M Ivers
BACKGROUND: Cancer Care Ontario's Screening Activity Report (SAR) is an online audit and feedback tool designed to help primary care physicians in Ontario, Canada, identify patients who are overdue for cancer screening or have abnormal results requiring follow-up. Use of the SAR is associated with increased screening rates. To encourage SAR use, Cancer Care Ontario sends monthly emails to registered primary care physicians announcing that updated data are available. However, analytics reveal that 50% of email recipients do not open the email and less than 7% click the embedded link to log in to their report...
February 16, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Peter Busse, J Jaime Miranda
BACKGROUND: Behavior change theories can identify people's main motivations to engage in recommended health practices and thus provide better tools to design interventions, particularly human centered design interventions. OBJECTIVES: This study had two objectives: (a) to identify salient beliefs about walking three times a week for 30 minutes nonstop among patients with hypertension in a low-resource setting and, (b) to measure the relationships among intentions, attitudes, perceived social pressure and perceived behavioral control about this behavior...
2018: PloS One
Esther V Hobson, Wendy O Baird, Rebecca Partridge, Cindy L Cooper, Susan Mawson, Ann Quinn, Pamela J Shaw, Theresa Walsh, Daniel Wolstenholme, Christopher J Mcdermott
OBJECTIVES: Attendance at a specialist multidisciplinary motor neurone disease (MND) clinic is associated with improved survival and may also improve quality of life and reduce hospital admissions. However, patients struggle to travel to clinic and may experience difficulties between clinic visits that may not be addressed in a timely manner. We wanted to explore how we could improve access to specialist MND care. METHODS: We adopted an iterative, user-centered co-design approach, collaborating with those with experience of providing and receiving MND care including patients, carers, clinicians, and technology developers...
February 16, 2018: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
Rhys Bevan Jones, Anita Thapar, Frances Rice, Harriet Beeching, Rachel Cichosz, Becky Mars, Daniel J Smith, Sally Merry, Paul Stallard, Ian Jones, Ajay K Thapar, Sharon A Simpson
BACKGROUND: Depression is common in adolescence and leads to distress and impairment in individuals, families and carers. Treatment and prevention guidelines highlight the key role of information and evidence-based psychosocial interventions not only for individuals but also for their families and carers. Engaging young people in prevention and early intervention programs is a challenge, and early treatment and prevention of adolescent depression is a major public health concern. There has been growing interest in psychoeducational interventions to provide accurate information about health issues and to enhance and develop self-management skills...
February 15, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
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