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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229346/association-between-community-contextual-factors-and-stigma-of-mental-illness-in-south-korea-a-multilevel-analysis
#1
So-Young Min, Yin-Ling Irene Wong
This study examined the association of subjective and objective community contextual factors with stigma of mental illness in a sample of users of community mental health services centers in South Korea. Five hundred thirty-two persons with MI were surveyed on perceived stigma and experienced stigma, and on two subjective measures of community characteristics-perceived disorder and perceived collective efficacy of their neighborhood. Objective community indicators at the neighborhood level were collected from a government administrative data base...
February 23, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227785/blood-hero-an-application-for-encouraging-the-blood-donation-by-applying-gamification
#2
Daniela C L Domingos, Luis F S G Lima, Thiago F Messias, Jose V L Feijo, Anthony A R Diniz, Heliana B Soares, Daniela C L Domingos, Luis F S G Lima, Thiago F Messias, Jose V L Feijo, Anthony A R Diniz, Heliana B Soares, Heliana B Soares, Daniela C L Domingos, Thiago F Messias, Jose V L Feijo, Luis F S G Lima, Anthony A R Diniz
There is a strong need for actions to supply the blood demand in the World. Based on this fact, it was designed an application, named `Blood Hero', by applying the `gamification' concept, which allows users to be rewarded by social acts related to the blood donation. It takes advantage of the application of mobile devices, implementing a specific social network, to attract and retain blood donators. This application makes possible an interaction between users and blood centers, and is being tested aiming at evaluating its acceptance and impact in bloodstocks...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227651/adaptive-control-of-powered-transfemoral-prostheses-based-on-adaptive-dynamic-programming
#3
Yue Wen, Ming Liu, Jennie Si, He Helen Huang, Yue Wen, Ming Liu, Jennie Si, He Huang, He Helen Huang, Yue Wen, Ming Liu, Jennie Si
In this study, we developed and tested a novel adaptive controller for powered transfemoral prostheses. Adaptive dynamic programming (ADP) was implemented within the prosthesis control to complement the existing finite state impedance control (FS-IC) in a prototypic active-transfemoral prosthesis (ATP). The ADP controller interacts with the human user-prosthesis system, observes the prosthesis user's dynamic states during walking, and learns to personalize user performance properties via online adaptation to meet the individual user's objectives...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224163/getting-what-they-need-when-they-need-it-identifying-barriers-to-information-needs-of-family-caregivers-to-manage-dementia-related-behavioral-symptoms
#4
Nicole E Werner, Barbara Stanislawski, Katherine A Marx, Daphne C Watkins, Marissa Kobayashi, Helen Kales, Laura N Gitlin
BACKGROUND: Consumer health informatics (CHI) such as web-based applications may provide the platform for enabling the over 15 million family caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's Disease or related dementias the information they need when they need it to support behavioral symptom management. However, for CHI to be successful, it is necessary that it be designed to meet the specific information needs of family caregivers in the context in which caregiving occurs. A sociotechnical systems approach to CHI design can help to understand the contextual complexities of family caregiving and account for those complexities in the design of CHI for family caregivers...
February 22, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209557/formative-evaluation-of-participant-experience-with-mobile-econsent-in-the-app-mediated-parkinson-mpower-study-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Megan Doerr, Amy Maguire Truong, Brian M Bot, John Wilbanks, Christine Suver, Lara M Mangravite
BACKGROUND: To fully capitalize on the promise of mobile technology to enable scalable, participant-centered research, we must develop companion self-administered electronic informed consent (eConsent) processes. As we do so, we have an ethical obligation to ensure that core tenants of informed consent-informedness, comprehension, and voluntariness-are upheld. Furthermore, we should be wary of recapitulating the pitfalls of "traditional" informed consent processes. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to describe the essential qualities of participant experience, including delineation of common and novel themes relating to informed consent, with a self-administered, smartphone-based eConsent process...
February 16, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197619/evaluating-a-modular-decision-support-application-for-colorectal-cancer-screening
#6
Laura G Militello, Julie B Diiulio, Morgan R Borders, Christen E Sushereba, Jason J Saleem, Donald Haverkamp, Thomas F Imperiale
BACKGROUND: There is a need for health information technology evaluation that goes beyond randomized controlled trials to include consideration of usability, cognition, feedback from representative users, and impact on efficiency, data quality, and clinical workflow. This article presents an evaluation illustrating one approach to this need using the Decision-Centered Design framework. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, through a Decision-Centered Design framework, the ability of the Screening and Surveillance App to support primary care clinicians in tracking and managing colorectal cancer testing...
February 15, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186478/meaningful-use-an-electronic-medical-record-tool-for-cerebrospinal-fluid-shunt-history
#7
Lance S Governale, Jeffrey M Hoffman
The care of patients with shunted hydrocephalus can be complicated. The best assessment is provided when all data are available to the neurosurgery practitioner. However, data can be time-consuming to gather, especially in the setting of a busy practice, a trainee environment with duty-hour restrictions, and an electronic medical record (EMR) not specifically designed for the needs of subspecialists. For these reasons, the complete clinical picture, especially the historical component, is sometimes not assembled...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186076/multi-emr-structured-data-entry-form-user-acceptance-testing-of-a-prototype
#8
Abbas Zavar, Karim Keshavjee
Capturing standardized data from multiple EMRs at the point of care is highly desirable for a variety of uses, including quality improvement programs, multi-centered clinical trials and clinical decision support. In this paper, we describe the design, development and user acceptance testing of a prototype web-based form (the Form) that can integrate with multiple EMRs. We used the validated UTAUT questionnaire to assess the likelihood of uptake of the Form into clinical practice. The Form was found to be easy to use, elicits low anxiety, supports productivity and is perceived to have good support...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186040/low-cost-rapid-usability-testing-its-application-in-both-product-development-and-system-implementation
#9
Andre Kushniruk, Elizabeth Borycki
In recent years there has been considerable discussion around the need for certification and regulation of healthcare information technology (IT). In particular, the usability of the products being developed needs to be evaluated. This has included the application of standards designed to ensure the process of system development is user-centered and takes usability into consideration while a product is being developed. In addition to this, in healthcare, organizations in the United States and Europe have also addressed the need and requirement for product certification...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185996/rationale-design-and-baseline-data-of-a-cross-national-randomized-trial-on-the-effect-of-built-shade-in-public-parks-for-sun-protection
#10
David B Buller, Suzanne Dobbinson, Dallas R English, Melanie Wakefield, Mary Klein Buller
Environments can be structured to reduce solar ultraviolet radiation (UV) exposure to prevent skin cancer. A prospective randomized trial is being conducted to test whether introducing shade sails in passive recreation areas (PRAs) in public parks will increase use and decrease UV exposure in the shaded compared to unshaded PRAs. Shade effects will be compared between Melbourne, Australia and Denver, USA. The trial enrolled 145 public parks with PRAs suitable for shade construction and randomized parks to intervention or control in a 1:3 ratio...
February 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169129/adapting-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-smartphone-delivery-to-middle-aged-and-older-adults-with-serious-mental-illness
#11
Karen L Whiteman, Matthew C Lohman, Lydia E Gill, Martha L Bruce, Stephen J Bartels
OBJECTIVE: To describe the process of adapting an integrated medical and psychiatric self-management intervention to a smartphone application for middle-aged and older adults with serious mental illness using an adaptive systems engineering framework and user-centered design. METHODS: First, we determined the technical abilities and needs of middle-aged and older adults with serious mental illnesses using smartphones. Then, we developed smartphone content through principles of user-centered design and modified an existing smartphone platform...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162343/-540-icancope-with-pain-user-centered-design-of-an-integrated-smartphone-and-web-based-pain-self-management-program-for-youth-and-young-adults-with-chronic-pain
#12
J Stinson, C Lalloo, L Harris, J Cafazzo, F Campbell, J Chorney, J Clark, B Dick, P Forgeron, A Gordon, P Ingelmo, L Jibb, M McGillion, L Montgomery, T Palermo, S Rashiq, D Ruskin, M Simmonds, S Tupper, M Ware
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160765/the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-among-dialysis-patients
#13
Ronit Koren, Hadas Zafrir Danieli, Keren Doenyas-Barak, Tomer Ziv-Baran, Ahuva Golik
Context • The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been on the rise in the last decade. Subpopulations of patients with chronic diseases are at risk for adverse events and potential drug-herb interactions, among them dialysis patients. Objective • The study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of CAM consumption among dialysis patients and to search for potential interactions. Design • The study was cross-sectional, based on questionnaires. Setting • The study occurred in the hemodialysis unit at Assaf Harofeh Medical Center (Zeriffin, Israel)...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156475/usability-and-acceptance-of-novel-personal-health-technology-to-support-early-palliative-care-for-patients-with-cancer-and-caregivers
#14
Sarah C Reed, Katherine Kim, Victoria Ngo, Wendy Wait, Ester Apesoa-Varano, Joy Morgan, Robin L Whitney, Emma Blackmon, Jill Joseph
: 73 Background: Little research has assessed whether and how technology can support early palliative care. Our team developed a HIPAA-compliant, cloud-based Personal Health Network (PHN) with a secure, online network of family, caregivers, clinicians and service providers designated by the patient; symptom reporting/management resources; and support for communication among network members via audio/video conferencing, messaging, and document sharing. This study examines PHN usability and acceptance, and identifies additional functions for early palliative care...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154988/computer-aided-reporting-of-chest-radiographs-efficient-and-effective-screening-in-the-value-based-imaging-era
#15
Michael Morris, Babak Saboury, Niketh Bandla, Christopher Toland, Christopher Meenan, Eliot Siegel, Jean Jeudy
In the post-PACS era, mammography is unique in adopting specialized ergonomic interfaces to improve efficiency in a high volume setting. Chest radiography is also a high volume area of radiology. The authors hypothesize that applying a novel interface for chest radiography interpretation and reporting could create high productivity while maintaining quality. A custom version of the ClearCanvas open source software, EzRad, was created with a workflow re-designed specifically for tuberculosis screening chest radiographs, which utilized standardized computer generated reports...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152962/a-patient-centered-symptom-focused-qualified-clinical-data-registry-qcdr-as-a-framework-to-guide-quality-improvement
#16
Gail Mallory, Michele Galioto
: 253 Background: Clinically meaningful quality measures have been identified as a catalyst for healthcare improvement and better patient outcomes. Amidst rapidly changing quality reporting and re-imbursement schema, eligible providers struggle to choose a portfolio of measures across multiple registries that will demonstrate the value of their practice to consumers and payers. It is critical that a roadmap to quality improvement be evident to registry users. Utilizing the Model for Improvement developed by the Associates in Process Improvement and adapted to health care by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement, a framework to guide performance improvement was developed and incorporated into an oncology specific QCDR for PQRS reporting...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151963/investigation-of-user-behavior-on-social-networking-sites
#17
Hajra Waheed, Maria Anjum, Mariam Rehman, Amina Khawaja
Social networking sites (SNS) are used for social and professional interaction with people. SNS popularity has encouraged researchers to analyze the relationship of activities performed on SNS with user behavior. In doing so, the term "user behavior" is rather used ambiguously with different interpretations, which makes it difficult to identify studies on user behavior in relation to SNS. This phenomenon has encouraged this thorough research on the characteristics of user behavior being discussed in the literature...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148471/a-self-regulation-theory-based-asthma-management-mobile-app-for-adolescents-a-usability-assessment
#18
Adam Sage, Courtney Roberts, Lorie Geryk, Betsy Sleath, Deborah Tate, Delesha Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Self-regulation theory suggests people learn to influence their own behavior through self-monitoring, goal-setting, feedback, self-reward, and self-instruction, all of which smartphones are now capable of facilitating. Several mobile apps exist to manage asthma; however, little evidence exists about whether these apps employ user-centered design processes that adhere to government usability guidelines for mobile apps. OBJECTIVE: Building upon a previous study that documented adolescent preferences for an asthma self-management app, we employed a user-centered approach to assess the usability of a high-fidelity wireframe for an asthma self-management app intended for use by adolescents with persistent asthma...
February 1, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132870/bmt-roadmap-a-user-centered-design-health-information-technology-tool-to-promote-patient-centered-care-in-pediatric-hct
#19
Lyndsey Runaas, David Hanauer, Molly Maher, Evan Bischoff, Alex Fauer, Tiffany Hoang, Anna Munaco, Roshun Sankaran, Rahael Gupta, Sajjad Seyedsalehi, Amy Cohn, Larry An, Muneesh Tewari, Sung Won Choi
Health information technology (HIT) has great potential for increasing patient engagement. Pediatric HCT is a setting ripe for using HIT but in which little research exists. "BMT Roadmap" is a web-based application that integrates patient-specific information and includes several domains: laboratory results, medications, clinical trial details, photos of the healthcare team, trajectory of transplant process, and discharge checklist. BMT Roadmap was provided to 10 caregivers of patients undergoing first-time HCT...
January 26, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126605/cognitive-engineering-and-health-informatics-applications-and-intersections
#20
A Zachary Hettinger, Emilie Roth, Ann M Bisantz
Cognitive engineering is an applied field with roots in both cognitive science and engineering that has been used to support design of information displays, decision support, human-automation interaction, and training in numerous high risk domains ranging from nuclear power plant control to transportation and defense systems. Cognitive engineering provides a set of structured, analytic methods for data collection and analysis that intersect with and complement methods of Cognitive Informatics. These methods support discovery of aspects of the work that make performance challenging, as well as the knowledge, skills, and strategies that experts use to meet those challenges...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
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