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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891524/the-design-usability-and-feasibility-of-a-family-focused-diabetes-self-care-support-mhealth-intervention-for-diverse-low-income-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#1
Lindsay Satterwhite Mayberry, Cynthia A Berg, Kryseana J Harper, Chandra Y Osborn
Family members' helpful and harmful actions affect adherence to self-care and glycemic control among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and low socioeconomic status. Few family interventions for adults with T2D address harmful actions or use text messages to reach family members. Through user-centered design and iterative usability/feasibility testing, we developed a mHealth intervention for disadvantaged adults with T2D called FAMS. FAMS delivers phone coaching to set self-care goals and improve patient participant's (PP) ability to identify and address family actions that support/impede self-care...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876082/evaluating-data-abstraction-assistant-a-novel-software-application-for-data-abstraction-during-systematic-reviews-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Ian J Saldanha, Christopher H Schmid, Joseph Lau, Kay Dickersin, Jesse A Berlin, Jens Jap, Bryant T Smith, Simona Carini, Wiley Chan, Berry De Bruijn, Byron C Wallace, Susan M Hutfless, Ida Sim, M Hassan Murad, Sandra A Walsh, Elizabeth J Whamond, Tianjing Li
BACKGROUND: Data abstraction, a critical systematic review step, is time-consuming and prone to errors. Current standards for approaches to data abstraction rest on a weak evidence base. We developed the Data Abstraction Assistant (DAA), a novel software application designed to facilitate the abstraction process by allowing users to (1) view study article PDFs juxtaposed to electronic data abstraction forms linked to a data abstraction system, (2) highlight (or "pin") the location of the text in the PDF, and (3) copy relevant text from the PDF into the form...
November 22, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875146/visual-analytics-for-mobile-eye-tracking
#3
Kuno Kurzhals, Marcel Hlawatsch, Christof Seeger, Daniel Weiskopf
The analysis of eye tracking data often requires the annotation of areas of interest (AOIs) to derive semantic interpretations of human viewing behavior during experiments. This annotation is typically the most time-consuming step of the analysis process. Especially for data from wearable eye tracking glasses, every independently recorded video has to be annotated individually and corresponding AOIs between videos have to be identified. We provide a novel visual analytics approach to ease this annotation process by image-based, automatic clustering of eye tracking data integrated in an interactive labeling and analysis system...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875143/annotation-graphs-a-graph-based-visualization-for-meta-analysis-of-data-based-on-user-authored-annotations
#4
Jian Zhao, Michael Glueck, Simon Breslav, Fanny Chevalier, Azam Khan
User-authored annotations of data can support analysts in the activity of hypothesis generation and sensemaking, where it is not only critical to document key observations, but also to communicate insights between analysts. We present annotation graphs, a dynamic graph visualization that enables meta-analysis of data based on user-authored annotations. The annotation graph topology encodes annotation semantics, which describe the content of and relations between data selections, comments, and tags. We present a mixed-initiative approach to graph layout that integrates an analyst's manual manipulations with an automatic method based on similarity inferred from the annotation semantics...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869585/the-critical-components-of-an-electronic-care-plan-tool-for-primary-care-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#5
Lisa Rotenstein, Suhavi Tucker, Rose Kakoza, Lori Tishler, Adrian Zai, Charlotte Wu
BACKGROUND: A critical need exists for effective electronic tools that facilitate multidisciplinary care for complex patients in patient-centered medical homes.Objective To identify the essential components of a primary care (PC) based electronic care plan (ECP) tool that facilitates coordination of care for complex patients. METHOD: Three focus groups and nine semi-structured interviews were conducted at an academic PC practice in order to identify the ideal components of an ECP...
July 4, 2016: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869583/patient-facing-technology-for-identification-of-copd-in-primary-care
#6
David Kevin Ahern, Donna Parker, Charles Eaton, Caitlin Rafferty, Joseph Wroblewski, Roberta Goldman
BACKGROUND: The proliferation of mobile devices and emergence of interoperable 'mHealth' apps is accelerating development and deployment of patient-facing risk assessments in primary care. The present study describes a user-centered design and an agile development approach to creation of an app for assessing lungfunction as part of a randomized controlled trial for the   dentification of chronic obstructive lung disease in primary care. METHOD: Seventeen patients recruited from a hospital-based, ambulatory family medicine clinic agreed to be videotaped while using the app, Lung Age, on a first-generation iPad prior to their provideR encounter...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862182/evaluation-of-an-exercise-program-for-older-adults-in-a-residential-environment
#7
Juh Hyun Shin
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an older-adult exercise program in a senior-living complex campus. DESIGN: A longitudinal one-group design was used. METHODS: To supply residents with tools to maintain or improve general quality of life, balance, endurance, depression, and functional mobility, the Wellness and Fitness Center at the research setting provided a wide assortment of user-friendly equipment with many options...
November 5, 2016: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855685/understanding-the-barriers-to-successful-adoption-and-use-of-a-mobile-health-information-system-in-a-community-health-center-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-a-cohort-study
#8
Jayant V Rajan, Juliana Moura, Gato Gourley, Karina Kiso, Alexandre Sizilio, Ana Maria Cortez, Lee W Riley, Maria Amelia Veras, Urmimala Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Mobile technology to support community health has surged in popularity, yet few studies have systematically examined usability of mobile platforms for this setting. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods study of 14 community healthcare workers at a public healthcare clinic in São Paulo, Brazil. We held focus groups with community healthcare workers to elicit their ideas about a mobile health application and used this input to build a prototype app. A pre-use test survey was administered to all participants, who subsequently use-tested the app on three different devices (iPhone, iPad mini, iPad Air)...
November 17, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852334/the-association-between-attending-specialized-day-care-centers-and-the-quality-of-life-of-people-with-dementia
#9
Anne Marie Mork Rokstad, Knut Engedal, Øyvind Kirkevold, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Maria Lage Barca, Geir Selbæk
BACKGROUND: Day care that is designed for people with dementia aims to increase the users' quality of life (QoL). The objective of the study was to compare the QoL of people with dementia attending day care with those not attending day care. METHODS: The study is based on baseline data from a project using a quasi-experimental design, including a group of day care users (n = 183) and a comparison group not receiving day care (n = 78). Quality of Life-Alzheimer's Disease (QoL-AD) was used as the primary outcome, to collect both self-reported and proxy-based information from family carers on the users' QoL...
November 17, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849466/descriptive-characteristics-and-amputation-rates-with-use-of-intrepid-dynamic-exoskeleton-orthosis
#10
Owen Hill, Lakmini Bulathsinhala, Susan L Eskridge, Kimberly Quinn, Daniel J Stinner
Advancements in ankle-foot orthotic devices, such as the Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO), are designed to improve function and reduce pain of the injured lower extremity. There is a paucity of research detailing the demographics, injury patterns and amputation outcomes of patients who have been prescribed an IDEO. The purpose of this study was to describe the demographics, presenting diagnosis and patterns of amputation in patients prescribed an IDEO at the Center for the Intrepid (CFI). The study population was comprised of 624 service members who were treated at the CFI and prescribed an IDEO between 2009 and 2014...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845868/anxiety-culture-and-expectations-oncologist-perceived-factors-associated-with-use-of-nonrecommended-serum-tumor-marker-tests-for-surveillance-of-early-stage-breast-cancer
#11
Erin E Hahn, Corrine Munoz-Plaza, Jianjin Wang, Jazmine Garcia Delgadillo, Joanne E Schottinger, Brian S Mittman, Michael K Gould
PURPOSE: Breast cancer offers several opportunities for reducing use of ineffective practices based on American Society of Clinical Oncology guidelines. We assessed oncologist-perceived factors associated with use of one such practice-serum tumor markers for post-treatment breast cancer surveillance-focusing on medical oncologists with high, medium, or low test use. METHODS: Using a mixed-methods design, we identified patients who had been treated for early-stage breast cancer diagnosed between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2012, within Kaiser Permanente Southern California and calculated the number of tests ordered from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2014...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842469/lost-keys-understanding-service-providers-impressions-of-frequent-visitors-to-psychiatric-emergency-services-in-singapore
#12
Daniel Poremski, Ganesh Kunjithapatham, Doris Koh, Xin Ya Lim, Mark Alexander, Cheng Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study used administrative data to identify characteristics of frequent users of Singapore's largest specialized psychiatric emergency department (ED). Qualitative interviews were conducted to understand staff opinions of frequent visitors. METHODS: Data were from administrative records of all adult visits to the ED (N=16,123 visits of 10,108 individual users) in 2014. Random-effects logistic regressions were used to identify demographic and diagnostic characteristics of frequent visitors...
November 15, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833397/investigating-the-heart-pump-implant-decision-process-opportunities-for-decision-support-tools-to-help
#13
Qian Yang, John Zimmerman, Aaron Steinfeld, Lisa Carey, James F Antaki
Clinical decision support tools (DSTs) are computational systems that aid healthcare decision-making. While effective in labs, almost all these systems failed when they moved into clinical practice. Healthcare researchers speculated it is most likely due to a lack of user-centered HCI considerations in the design of these systems. This paper describes a field study investigating how clinicians make a heart pump implant decision with a focus on how to best integrate an intelligent DST into their work process...
May 2016: ACM Transactions on Computer-human Interaction: a Publication of the Association for Computing Machinery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830238/impact-of-patient-centered-ehealth-applications-on-patient-outcomes-a-review-on-the-mediating-influence-of-human-factor-issues
#14
G A Wildenbos, L W Peute, M W M Jaspers
OBJECTIVES: To examine the evidence of the impact of patient- centered eHealth applications on patient care and to analyze if and how reported human factor issues mediated the outcomes. METHODS: We searched PubMed (2014-2015) for studies evaluating the impact of patient-centered eHealth applications on patient care (behavior change, self-efficacy, and patient health-related outcomes). The Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety (SEIPS 2.0) model was used as a guidance framework to identify the reported human factors possibly impacting the effectiveness of an eHealth intervention...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810868/introducing-the-postsecondary-instructional-practices-survey-pips-a-concise-interdisciplinary-and-easy-to-score-survey
#15
Emily M Walter, Charles R Henderson, Andrea L Beach, Cody T Williams
Researchers, administrators, and policy makers need valid and reliable information about teaching practices. The Postsecondary Instructional Practices Survey (PIPS) is designed to measure the instructional practices of postsecondary instructors from any discipline. The PIPS has 24 instructional practice statements and nine demographic questions. Users calculate PIPS scores by an intuitive proportion-based scoring convention. Factor analyses from 72 departments at four institutions (N = 891) support a 2- or 5-factor solution for the PIPS; both models include all 24 instructional practice items and have good model fit statistics...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807923/modeling-of-dna-and-protein-organization-levels-with-cn3d-software
#16
Panagiotis K Stasinakis, Despoina Nicolaou
The molecular structure of living organisms and the complex interactions amongst its components are the basis for the diversity observed at the macroscopic level. Proteins and nucleic acids are some of the major molecular components, and play a key role in several biological functions, such as those of development and evolution. This article presents an educational, bioinformatics-based process, designed to enhance a better understanding of the structure of the above molecules. In addition, by using selected protein molecules, it attempts to clarify protein organization levels and how these are related with the structural and functional diversity, which define the biodiversity of living organisms at the macroscopic level...
November 3, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806926/can-mobile-phone-apps-influence-people-s-health-behavior-change-an-evidence-review
#17
Jing Zhao, Becky Freeman, Mu Li
BACKGROUND: Globally, mobile phones have achieved wide reach at an unprecedented rate, and mobile phone apps have become increasingly prevalent among users. The number of health-related apps that were published on the two leading platforms (iOS and Android) reached more than 100,000 in 2014. However, there is a lack of synthesized evidence regarding the effectiveness of mobile phone apps in changing people's health-related behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to examine the effectiveness of mobile phone apps in achieving health-related behavior change in a broader range of interventions and the quality of the reported studies...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798049/the-big-picture-unfolds-using-photovoice-to-study-user-participation-in-mental-health-services
#18
Jessica Pui-Shan Tang, Samson Tse, Larry Davidson
BACKGROUND: User participation is advocated on the basis that consumers know their own needs better than anyone else. Photovoice is a participatory research method that empowers the grass-root population to give voice on concerned issues for eliciting social change. AIM: This study explores the experience and impact of user participation in mental health services (MHS) in Hong Kong through photovoice. It also examines the effects of this method in studying user participation...
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796506/international-archives-of-occupational-and-environmental-health
#19
Rita Bast-Pettersen, Bente Ulvestad, Karl Færden, Thomas Aleksander C Clemm, Raymond Olsen, Dag Gunnar Ellingsen, Karl-Christian Nordby
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate postural and rest tremor among workers using vibrating hand tools, taking into account the possible effects of toxicants such as alcohol and tobacco. A further aim was to study workers diagnosed with hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) at the time of examination. METHODS: This study comprises 103 road maintenance workers, 55 exposed to vibrating hand tools (age 41.0 years; range 21-62) and 48 referents (age 38.5 years; range 19-64)...
October 28, 2016: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788179/mpneumonia-an-innovation-for-diagnosing-and-treating-childhood-pneumonia-in-low-resource-settings-a-feasibility-usability-and-acceptability-study-in-ghana
#20
Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Charlotte Tawiah Agyemang, Gwen Ambler, Jaclyn Delarosa, Waylon Brunette, Shahar Levari, Clarice Larson, Mitch Sundt, Sam Newton, Gaetano Borriello, Richard Anderson
Pneumonia is the leading cause of infectious disease mortality in children. Currently, health care providers (HCPs) are trained to use World Health Organization Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) paper-based protocols and manually assess respiratory rate to diagnose pneumonia in low-resource settings (LRS). However, this approach of relying on clinical signs alone has proven problematic. Hypoxemia, a diagnostic indicator of pneumonia severity associated with an increased risk of death, is not assessed because pulse oximetry is often not available in LRS...
2016: PloS One
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