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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815123/rapid-and-reusable-text-visualization-and-exploration-development-with-delve
#1
Daniel R Harris, Ramakanth Kavuluru, Jerzy W Jaromczyk, Todd R Johnson
We present DELVE (Document ExpLoration and Visualization Engine), a framework for developing interactive visualizations as modular Web-applications to assist researchers with exploratory literature search. The goal for web-applications driven by DELVE is to better satisfy the information needs of researchers and to help explore and understand the state of research in scientific liter ature by providing immersive visualizations that both contain facets and are driven by facets derived from the literature. We base our framework on principles from user-centered design and human-computer interaction (HCI)...
2017: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813946/a-user-centered-design-approach-in-the-development-of-rehabilitation-devices-after-stroke
#2
Natalie Jankowski, Laura Schonijahn, Adina Kreitlow, Elsa Gotze, Michael Wahl
Involving users in iterative development processes is to be shown to increase the quality of health care devices and to prevent refusal. Successful use can only be achieved provided that the devices are accepted by its users. In this study potentials of user satisfaction surveys in the development of stroke rehabilitation devices are presented. The two arm-training devices Reha-Slide (RS) and Bi-Manu-Track (BMT) are assessed for patient satisfaction. The aim is to detect the satisfaction with the current state of certain aspects of the devices to obtain incentives for technical optimisation...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813828/active-lower-limb-orthosis-with-one-degree-of-freedom-for-people-with-paraplegia
#3
Michal Gloger, Goro Obinata, Eiichi Genda, Jan Babjak, Yanling Pei
The main challenges of designing devices for paraplegic walking can be summarized into three groups, stability and comfort, high efficiency or low energy consumption, dimensions and weight. A new economical device for people with paraplegia which tackles all problems of the three groups is introduced in this paper. The main idea of this device is based on HALO mechanism. HALO is compact passive medial hip joint orthosis with contralateral hip and ankle linkage, which keeps the feet always parallel to the ground and assists swinging the leg...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811270/developing-and-evaluating-jiapp-acceptability-and-usability-of-a-smartphone-app-system-to-improve-self-management-in-young-people-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#4
Ran A Cai, Dominik Beste, Hema Chaplin, Socrates Varakliotis, Linda Suffield, Francesca Josephs, Debajit Sen, Lucy R Wedderburn, Yiannakis Ioannou, Stephen Hailes, Despina Eleftheriou
BACKGROUND: Flare-ups in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) are characterized by joint pain and swelling and often accompanied with fatigue, negative emotions, and reduced participation in activities. To minimize the impact of JIA on the physical and psychosocial development and well-being of young people (YP), it is essential to regularly monitor disease activity and side effects, as well as to support self-management such as adherence to treatment plans and engagement in general health-promoting behaviors...
August 15, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810956/the-reasons-for-living-scale-military-version-assessing-protective-factors-against-suicide-in-a-military-sample
#5
Anne-Marie Deutsch, R Gregory Lande
INTRODUCTION: Military suicide rates have been rising over the past decade and continue to challenge military treatment facilities. Assessing suicide risk and improving treatments are a large part of the mission for clinicians who work with uniformed service members. This study attempts to expand the toolkit of military suicide prevention by focusing on protective factors over risk factors. In 1983, Marsha Linehan published a checklist called the Reasons for Living Scale, which asked subjects to check the reasons they choose to continue living, rather than choosing suicide...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808359/electronic-health-records-and-improved-patient-care-opportunities-for-applied-psychology
#6
Raj Ratwani
Healthcare is undergoing an unprecedented technology transition from paper medical records to electronic health records (EHRs). While the adoption of EHRs holds tremendous promise for improving efficiency, quality and safety, there have been numerous challenges that have been largely centered on the technology not meeting the cognitive needs of the clinical end-users. Clinicians are experiencing increased stress and frustration, and new safety hazards have been introduced. There is a significant opportunity for applied psychologists to address many of these challenges...
August 2017: Current Directions in Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789567/effect-of-marijuana-use-on-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-mortality-a-study-using-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-linked-mortality-file
#7
Barbara A Yankey, Richard Rothenberg, Sheryl Strasser, Kim Ramsey-White, Ike S Okosun
Background Reports associate marijuana use with cardiovascular emergencies. Studies relating marijuana use to cardiovascular mortality are scarce. Recent advance towards marijuana use legalization emphasizes the importance of understanding relationships between marijuana use and cardiovascular deaths; the primary ranked mortality. Recreational marijuana is primarily smoked; we hypothesize that like cigarette smoking, marijuana use will be associated with increased cardiovascular mortalities. Design The design of this study was based on a mortality follow-up...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777722/toward-an-open-ended-bci-a-user-centered-coadaptive-design
#8
Kiret Dhindsa, Dean Carcone, Suzanna Becker
Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) allow users to control a device by interpreting their brain activity. For simplicity, these devices are designed to be operated by purposefully modulating specific predetermined neurophysiological signals, such as the sensorimotor rhythm. However, the ability to modulate a given neurophysiological signal is highly variable across individuals, contributing to the inconsistent performance of BCIs for different users. These differences suggest that individuals who experience poor BCI performance with one class of brain signals might have good results with another...
August 4, 2017: Neural Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768480/internet-and-social-network-users-profiles-in-renal-transplant-recipients-in-france
#9
Yosra Mouelhi, Marine Alessandrini, Vanessa Pauly, Bertrand Dussol, Stéphanie Gentile
BACKGROUND: The use of the Internet for searching and sharing health information and for health care interactions may have a great potential for Renal Transplant Recipients (RTR). This study aims to determine the characteristics associated with Internet and social network use in a representative sample of RTR at the time of their inclusion in the study. METHODS: Data of this cross-sectional design is retrieved from a longitudinal study conducted in five French kidney transplant centers in 2011, and included Renal Transplant Recipients aged 18 years with a functioning graft for at least 1 year...
August 3, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760728/enabling-open-science-for-health-research-collaborative-informatics-environment-for-learning-on-health-outcomes-cielo
#10
Philip Payne, Omkar Lele, Beth Johnson, Erin Holve
BACKGROUND: There is an emergent and intensive dialogue in the United States with regard to the accessibility, reproducibility, and rigor of health research. This discussion is also closely aligned with the need to identify sustainable ways to expand the national research enterprise and to generate actionable results that can be applied to improve the nation's health. The principles and practices of Open Science offer a promising path to address both goals by facilitating (1) increased transparency of data and methods, which promotes research reproducibility and rigor; and (2) cumulative efficiencies wherein research tools and the output of research are combined to accelerate the delivery of new knowledge in proximal domains, thereby resulting in greater productivity and a reduction in redundant research investments...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754650/modeling-patient-treatment-with-medical-records-an-abstraction-hierarchy-to-understand-user-competencies-and-needs
#11
Justin D St-Maurice, Catherine M Burns
BACKGROUND: Health care is a complex sociotechnical system. Patient treatment is evolving and needs to incorporate the use of technology and new patient-centered treatment paradigms. Cognitive work analysis (CWA) is an effective framework for understanding complex systems, and work domain analysis (WDA) is useful for understanding complex ecologies. Although previous applications of CWA have described patient treatment, due to their scope of work patients were previously characterized as biomedical machines, rather than patient actors involved in their own care...
July 28, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745778/conversion-of-provider-emr-training-from-instructor-led-training-to-elearning-at-an-academic-medical-center
#12
Karen Sharp, Michele Williams, Alison Aldrich, Adrienne Bogacz, Sighle Denier, Ann S McAlearney
This case study overviews the conversion of provider training of the electronic medical record (EMR) from an instructor-led training (ILT) program to eLearning at an Academic Medical Center (AMC). This conversion provided us with both a useful training tool and the opportunity to maximize efficiency within both our training and optimization team and organization. eLearning Development Principles were created and served as a guide to assist us with designing an eLearning curriculum using a five step process...
July 26, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743681/development-and-testing-of-an-intelligent-pain-management-system-ipms-on-mobile-phones-through-a-randomized-trial-among-chinese-cancer-patients-a-new-approach-in-cancer-pain-management
#13
Yunheng Sun, Feng Jiang, Juan J Gu, Y Ken Wang, Hongwei Hua, Jing Li, Zhijun Cheng, Zhijun Liao, Qian Huang, Weiwei Hu, Gang Ding
BACKGROUND: Cancer has become increasingly prevalent in China over the past few decades. Among the factors that determine the quality of life of cancer patients, pain has commonly been recognized as a most critical one; it could also lead to the ineffective treatment of the cancer. Driven by the need for better pain management for cancer patients, our research team developed a mobile-based Intelligent Pain Management System (IPMS). OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to design, develop, and test the IPMS to facilitate real-time pain recording and timely intervention among cancer patients with pain...
July 25, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741595/3d-range-modulator-for-scanned-particle-therapy-development-monte-carlo-simulations-and-experimental-evaluation
#14
Yuri Simeonov, Uli Weber, Petar Penchev, Toke Printz Ringbæk, Christoph Schuy, Stephan Brons, Rita Engenhart-Cabillic, Jens Bliedtner, Klemens Zink
The purpose of this work was to design and manufacture a 3D range-modulator for scanned particle therapy. The modulator is intended to create a highly conformal dose distribution with only one fixed energy, simultaneously reducing considerably the treatment time. As a proof of concept, a 3D range-modulator was developed for a spherical target volume with a diameter of 5 cm, placed at a depth of 25 cm in a water phantom. It consists of a large number of thin pins with a well-defined shape and different lengths to modulate the necessary shift of the Bragg peak...
August 11, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736771/on-interestingness-measures-for-mining-statistically-significant-and-novel-clinical-associations-from-emrs
#15
Orhan Abar, Richard J Charnigo, Abner Rayapati, Ramakanth Kavuluru
Association rule mining has received significant attention from both the data mining and machine learning communities. While data mining researchers focus more on designing efficient algorithms to mine rules from large datasets, the learning community has explored applications of rule mining to classification. A major problem with rule mining algorithms is the explosion of rules even for moderate sized datasets making it very difficult for end users to identify both statistically significant and potentially novel rules that could lead to interesting new insights and hypotheses...
October 2016: ACM-BCB: ACM Conference on Bioinformatics, Computational Biology and Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719989/table-saw-injuries-are-our-safety-features-really-keeping-us-safe
#16
Sarah E Smith, Ian Kendrick, Thomas Huntsman
BACKGROUND: Currently, table saws sold in the United States have 3 safety features (riving knife, blade guard, and antikickback device) designed to prevent personal injury; however, these features can hinder the user's movements and are often disabled or removed. Despite the frequency of table saw injuries, there is relatively limited literature regarding them. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, observational study of characteristics associated with injuries incurred while using a table saw...
March 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715130/average-glandular-dose-coefficients-for-pendant-geometry-breast-ct-using-realistic-breast-phantoms
#17
Andrew M Hernandez, John M Boone
PURPOSE: To design volume-specific breast phantoms from breast CT (bCT) data sets and estimate the associated normalized mean glandular dose coefficients for breast CT using Monte Carlo methods. METHODS: A large cohort of bCT data sets (N=215) was used to evaluate breast volume into quintiles (plus the top 5%). The average radius profile was then determined for each of the six volume-specific groups and used to both fabricate physical phantoms and generate mathematical phantoms (V1-V6; "V" denotes classification by volume)...
July 17, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708963/a-qualitative-study-adopting-a-user-centered-approach-to-design-and-validate-a-brain-computer-interface-for-cognitive-rehabilitation-for-people-with-brain-injury
#18
Suzanne Martin, Elaine Armstrong, Eileen Thomson, Eloisa Vargiu, Marc Solà, Stefan Dauwalder, Felip Miralles, Jean Daly Lynn
Cognitive rehabilitation is established as a core intervention within rehabilitation programs following a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Digitally enabled assistive technologies offer opportunities for clinicians to increase remote access to rehabilitation supporting transition into home. Brain Computer Interface (BCI) systems can harness the residual abilities of individuals with limited function to gain control over computers through their brain waves. This paper presents an online cognitive rehabilitation application developed with therapists, to work remotely with people who have TBI, who will use BCI at home to engage in the therapy...
July 14, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692433/a-nursing-pain-assessment-and-record-information-system-design-and-application-in-the-oncology-department
#19
Pan-Feng Wang, Li-Qiong Shen, Hong-Jun Zhang, Bao-Hua Li, Hong Ji
Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional feeling accompanying existing, impending, or potential tissue damage. Valid pain assessment and standardized pain documentation are important in oncology pain management; however, they are still deficient. Thus, we developed a pain assessment and record information system for nurses in the oncology department and implemented a questionnaire survey to evaluate users' acceptance of the system. The pain assessment system focused on usability and efficiency to provide a modified workflow that was safe, less time-consuming, patient centered, enjoyable, and efficient...
July 7, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679893/designing-a-safety-reporting-smartphone-application-to-improve-patient-safety-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#20
Ole Andreas Krumsvik, Ankica Babic
This paper presents a safety reporting smartphone application which is expected to reduce the occurrence of postoperative adverse events after total hip arthroplasty (THA). A user-centered design approach was utilized to facilitate optimal user experience. Two main implemented functionalities capture patient pain levels and well-being, the two dimensions of patient status that are intuitive and commonly checked. For these and other functionalities, mobile technology could enable timely safety reporting and collection of patient data out of a hospital setting...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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