keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

kirby-bauer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927454/extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-and-metallo-beta-lactamase-production-among-escherichia-coli-and-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolated-from-different-clinical-samples-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-kathmandu-nepal
#1
Krishus Nepal, Narayan Dutt Pant, Bibhusan Neupane, Ankit Belbase, Rikesh Baidhya, Ram Krishna Shrestha, Binod Lekhak, Dwij Raj Bhatta, Bharat Jha
BACKGROUND: Extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) and metallo beta-lactamase (MBL) production in Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli are the commonest modes of drug resistance among these commonly isolated bacteria from clinical specimens. So the main purpose of our study was to determine the burden of ESBL and MBL production in E. coli and K. pneumoniae isolated from clinical samples. Further, the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of E. coli and K. pneumoniae were also determined...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925032/susceptibility-of-malassezia-pachydermatis-to-aminoglycosides
#2
Freddy Alejandro Silva, Magnolia Conde-Felipe, Inmaculada Rosario, Otilia Ferrer, Fernando Real, Soraya Déniz, Félix Acosta, Daniel Padilla, Begoña Acosta-Hernández
Previous studies have evaluated the action of gentamicin against Malassezia pachydermatis. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro susceptibility of M. pachydermatis to the aminoglycosides- gentamicin, tobramycin, netilmicin and framycetin. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of gentamicin was determined following methods M27-A3 microdilution and Etest(®) . The Etest(®) was used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the tobramycin and netilmicin. The Kirby-Bauer test was used to determine the antibiotic susceptibility to the framycetin...
September 19, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919615/microbiology-of-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-bangladesh
#3
N Akhtar, P G Datta, M Yasmin, A Naha, A M Jewel, F Hossen, S Ahmed, U K Datta
This cross sectional prospective study was carried out in the Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) and Department of Microbiology, University of Dhaka from July 2012 to June 2013. The objectives of this study were to identify the common microorganisms involved and the antibiograms of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) patients in this tertiary care hospital in Bangladesh. A total of 117 patients clinically diagnosed of CSOM were enrolled in the study...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916321/analysis-of-resistance-genes-in-pan-resistant-myroides-odoratimimus-clinical-strain-pr63039-using-whole-genome-sequencing
#4
Desong Ming, Qing-Qing Chen, Xiao-Tin Chen
To clarify the antibiotic resistance mechanisms of Myroides odoratimimus, pan-resistant M. odoratimimus strain PR63039 was isolated and its genome sequenced and analyzed. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was conducted using the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method, and the Phoenix-100 Automated Microbiology System with a NMIC/ID-4 panel including aminoglycosides, β-lactams, polypeptides, quinolones, sulfonamides, chloramphenicols, and tetracyclines. Single-molecule real-time whole genome sequencing was conducted using the PacBio RSII system, and genome annotation was performed using RAST and IMG ER...
September 12, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906365/the-antibiotic-susceptibility-patterns-of-uropathogens-among-children-with-urinary-tract-infection-in-shiraz
#5
Gholamreza Pouladfar, Mitra Basiratnia, Mojtaba Anvarinejad, Pejman Abbasi, Fatemeh Amirmoezi, Samaneh Zare
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections in pediatrics. Delay in diagnosis and treatment can cause significant morbidity. The physicians knowledge regarding the symptoms, microorganisms that caused UTI, and effective antibiotics in a geographical area can help them to select the appropriate antibiotics. This study was performed to determine the prevalence of bacteria that cause UTI and their susceptibility to common antibiotics as well as the common symptoms and associated factors in children of Shiraz, Southern Iran...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886013/secondary-bacterial-infections-and-antibiotic-resistance-among-tungiasis-patients-in-western-kenya
#6
Ruth Monyenye Nyangacha, David Odongo, Florence Oyieke, Missiani Ochwoto, Richard Korir, Ronald Kiprotich Ngetich, Gladys Nginya, Olipher Makwaga, Christine Bii, Peter Mwitari, Festus Tolo
Tungiasis or jigger infestation is a parasitic disease caused by the female sand flea Tunga penetrans. Secondary infection of the lesions caused by this flea is common in endemic communities. This study sought to shed light on the bacterial pathogens causing secondary infections in tungiasis lesions and their susceptibility profiles to commonly prescribed antibiotics. Participants were recruited with the help of Community Health Workers. Swabs were taken from lesions which showed signs of secondary infection...
September 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884080/antibacterial-antioxidant-and-cell-proliferative-properties-of-coccinia-grandis-fruits
#7
Prashant Sakharkar, Balwantsinh Chauhan
OBJECTIVE: Little knowledge is available on the antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of Coccina grandis fruits and no study has reported on its cell proliferative property. The aim of this study was to examine the antimicrobial, antioxidant and cell proliferative property of fruits of C. grandis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fruits of C. grandis were extracted using water; ethanol and acetone by cold and hot Soxhlet extraction. The antibacterial activities of the extracts were tested against Staphylococcusaureus,Enterococcusfaecalis,Escherichiacoli and Pseudomonasaeruginosa using the modified Kirby-Bauer diffusion method and compared against erythromycin...
July 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870092/emergence-of-arma-and-rmtb-genes-among-vim-ndm-and-imp-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-multidrug-resistant-gram-negative-pathogens
#8
Sangeetha Gopalakrishnan, Arunagiri Kamalanathan, Sivaranjani Rajan, Vijay Manohar Bhagat, M K Showkath Ali
In the recent years, it has been noted that microorganisms with acquired resistance to almost all available potent antibiotics are increasing worldwide. Hence, the use of antibiotics in every clinical setup has to be organized to avoid irrational use of antibiotics. This study was aimed to establish the pattern of antibiotic sensitivity and relevance of antimicrobial resistance in aerobic Gram-negative bacilli. A total of 103 aerobic Gram-negative bacteria namely Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter spp...
September 5, 2017: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870091/high-prevalence-of-oxa-type-carbapenemases-among-acinetobacter-baumannii-strains-in-a-teaching-hospital-of-tehran
#9
Mandana Zafari, Mohamad Mehdi Feizabadi, Sirous Jafari, Alireza Abdollahi, Azar Sabokbar
Nosocomial infection caused by carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) has created a public health concern all around the world. In this study, 100 isolates of CRAB from hospitalized patients during 2015-2016 at Imam Khomeini Hospital were investigated to determine the rates of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) strains using Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of six antibiotics were determined by broth microdilution method...
September 5, 2017: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839298/antibiotics-susceptibility-patterns-of-uropathogenic-e-coli-with-special-reference-to-fluoroquinolones-in-different-age-and-gender-groups
#10
Imran Ali, Muhammad Shabbir
OBJECTIVE: To identify frequency of uropathogenic Escherichia coli and its antibiotic susceptibility pattern. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan, from January 2014 to September 2015, and comprised urine specimens. Biochemical techniques were used to identify Escherichia coli and antibiotic susceptibility was determined by Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion and minimum inhibitory concentration methods. SPSS 23 was used for data analysis...
August 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830451/bacterial-pathogens-associated-with-external-ocular-infections-alongside-eminent-proportion-of-multidrug-resistant-isolates-at-the-university-of-gondar-hospital-northwest-ethiopia
#11
Ergibnesh Getahun, Baye Gelaw, Abate Assefa, Yared Assefa, Anteneh Amsalu
BACKGROUND: External ocular infection is a public health problem in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of external ocular bacterial infections. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted at the University of Gondar Hospital among patients seeking health services at the Department of Ophthalmology from January to April, 2016. All patients with suspected external ocular infections were examined under slit lamp microscope...
August 22, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820687/identification-of-subsets-of-enteroaggregative-escherichia-coli-associated-with-diarrheal-disease-among-under-5-year-old-children-from-rural-gambia
#12
Usman N Ikumapayi, Nadia Boisen, Mohammad J Hossain, Modupeh Betts, Modou Lamin, Debasish Saha, Brenda Kwambana-Adams, Michel Dione, Richard A Adegbola, Anna Roca, James P Nataro, Martin Antonio
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) cause acute and persistent diarrhea, mostly in children worldwide. Outbreaks of diarrhea caused by EAEC have been described, including a large outbreak caused by a Shiga toxin expressing strain. This study investigated the association of EAEC virulence factors with diarrhea in children less than 5 years. We characterized 428 EAEC strains isolated from stool samples obtained from moderate-to-severe diarrhea cases (157) and healthy controls (217) children aged 0-59 months recruited over 3 years as part of the Global Enteric Multicenter Study (GEMS) in The Gambia...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814888/frequency-of-colistin-and-fosfomycin-resistance-in-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-karachi
#13
Salima Qamar, Najma Shaheen, Sadia Shakoor, Joveria Farooqi, Kauser Jabeen, Rumina Hasan
INTRODUCTION: Management of infections with carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) is challenging. In recent times, agents such as colistin and fosfomycin have been used in combination with other antibiotics to treat such infections. In this study, we aim to seek frequency of colistin and fosfomycin resistance in CRE from Pakistan. METHODS: This study was conducted at clinical laboratories, Aga Khan University Hospital. In total, 251 CRE were included in the study...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812009/the-bacteriological-quality-safety-and-antibiogram-of-salmonella-isolates-from-fresh-meat-in-retail-shops-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#14
Melkamnesh Azage, Mulugeta Kibret
The habit of raw meat consumption in addition to the poor hygienic standards and lack of knowledge contribute to food-borne diseases outbreaks. The objective of this research was to assess the bacterial quality and safety of fresh meat from retail Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia. A total of 30 fresh meat samples were collected from butcher shops. Standard bacteriological methods were used to isolate and enumerate bacteria. Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method was used for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Salmonella isolates...
2017: International journal of food science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811792/antimicrobial-susceptibility-patterns-of-clinical-isolates-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolated-from-patients-of-respiratory-tract-infections-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-peshawar
#15
Abdul Samad, Tanveer Ahmed, Afaq Rahim, Abdul Khalil, Iftikhar Ali
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the prevalence and susceptibility pattern of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and multidrug-resistant (MDR) isolates in patients suffering from respiratory tract infection. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted from January to December 2014 in Northwest General Hospital and Research Centre, Peshawar. A total of 615 sputum samples were collected from both in and out-patients. Sputum samples were collected as per standard procedure and were inoculated on Blood, MacConkey and Chocolate agar...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810329/-distribution-and-drug-resistance-of-pathogens-at-hematology-department-of-jiangsu-province-from-2014-to-2015-results-from-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#16
Y K Wan, W Sang, B Chen, Y G Yang, L Q Zhang, A N Sun, Y J Liu, Y Xu, Y P Cai, C B Wang, Y F Shen, Y W Jiang, X Y Zhang, W Xu, M Hong, T Chen, R R Xu, F Li, Y L Xu, Y Xue, Y L Lu, Z M He, W M Dong, Z Chen, M H Ji, Y Y Yang, L J Zhai, Y Zhao, G Q Wu, J H Ding, J Cheng, W B Cai, Y M Sun, J Ouyang
Objective: To describe the distribution and drug resistance of pathogens at hematology department of Jiangsu Province from 2014 to 2015 to provide reference for empirical anti-infection treatment. Methods: Pathogens were from hematology department of 26 tertiary hospitals in Jiangsu Province from 2014 to 2015. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was carried out according to a unified protocol using Kirby-Bauer method or agar dilution method. Collection of drug susceptibility results and corresponding patient data were analyzed...
July 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800411/antimicrobial-resistance-and-resistance-genes-in-salmonella-strains-isolated-from-broiler-chickens-along-the-slaughtering-process-in-china
#17
Yuanting Zhu, Haimei Lai, Likou Zou, Sheng Yin, Chengtao Wang, Xinfeng Han, Xiaolong Xia, Kaidi Hu, Li He, Kang Zhou, Shujuan Chen, Xiaolin Ao, Shuliang Liu
A total of 189 Salmonella isolates were recovered from 627 samples which were collected from cecal contents of broilers, chicken carcasses, chicken meat after cutting step and frozen broiler chicken products along the slaughtering process at a slaughterhouse in Sichuan province of China. The Salmonella isolates were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing to 10 categories of antimicrobial agents using the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method. Those antibiotics-resistant isolates were further investigated for the occurrence of resistance genes, the presence of class 1 integron as well as the associated gene cassettes, and the mutations within the gyrA and parC genes...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792540/antibiotics-resistance-in-el-tor-vibrio-cholerae-01-isolated-during-cholera-outbreaks-in-mozambique-from-2012-to-2015
#18
Liliana Candida Dengo-Baloi, Cynthia Amino Semá-Baltazar, Lena Vania Manhique, Jucunu Elias Chitio, Dorteia Luísa Inguane, José Paulo Langa
RATIONALE: Mozambique has recorded cyclically epidemic outbreaks of cholera. Antibiotic therapy is recommended in specific situations for management and control of cholera outbreaks. However, an increase in resistance rates to antibiotics by Vibrio cholerae has been reported in several epidemic outbreaks worldwide. On the other hand, there are few recent records of continuous surveillance of antibiotics susceptibility pattern of V. cholerae in Mozambique. GOALS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate antibiotics resistance pattern of Vibrio cholerae O1 Ogawa isolated during Cholera outbreaks in Mozambique to commonly used antibiotics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780309/clinical-and-microbiological-characteristics-of-pantoea-agglomerans-infection-in-children
#19
Ayşe Büyükcam, Özlem Tuncer, Deniz Gür, Banu Sancak, Mehmet Ceyhan, Ali Bülent Cengiz, Ateş Kara
Pantoea agglomerans is an environmental Gram-negative bacterium that rarely is responsible for the infections in humans but it is often a causative factor of a number of occupational diseases. This study evaluated the clinical and microbiological characteristics and pathogenicity of P. agglomerans in children. We retrospectively reviewed microbiological test results for all children (1 month old to 18 years old) who were admitted to our pediatric hospital between January 2000 to June 2015 and had positive clinical specimen cultures for P...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780098/prevalence-and-characterization-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-carrying-meca-or-mecc-and-methicillin-susceptible-staphylococcus-aureus-in-dairy-sheep-farms-in-central-italy
#20
G Giacinti, V Carfora, A Caprioli, D Sagrafoli, N Marri, G Giangolini, R Amoruso, M Iurescia, F Stravino, S Dottarelli, F Feltrin, A Franco, S Amatiste, A Battisti
Between January and May 2012, a total of 286 bulk tank milk samples from dairy sheep farms located in central Italy were tested for the presence of Staphylococcus aureus. One hundred fifty-three samples were positive for S. aureus (53.5%), with an average count of 2.53 log cfu/mL. A total of 679 S. aureus colonies were screened for methicillin resistance by the cefoxitin disk diffusion test, and 104 selected cefoxitin-susceptible isolates were also tested for their susceptibility to other antimicrobials representative of the most relevant classes active against Staphylococcus spp...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
keyword
keyword
100750
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"