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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521082/training-doctors-briefly-and-in-situ-to-involve-their-patients-in-making-medical-decisions-preliminary-testing-of-a-newly-developed-module
#1
Jürgen Kasper, Katrin Liethmann, Christoph Heesen, Daniel R Reissmann, Friedemann Geiger
OBJECTIVE: To carry out preliminary evaluation of a training module for doctors to enhance their ability to involve their patients in medical decision making. The training refers to the shared decision-making (SDM) communication concept. METHODS: The training module includes a comprehensive manual, a corresponding video tutorial with communication examples and a 15-minute face-to-face feedback session based on an SDM analysis of a consultation recording provided by the trainee...
May 18, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503269/an-assessment-of-patient-waiting-and-consultation-time-in-a-primary-healthcare-clinic
#2
B A Ahmad, K Khairatul, A Farnaza
Waiting is a common phenomenon in the doctor's waiting room. The purpose of this audit is to assess patient waiting time and doctor consultation time in a primary healthcare clinic and to formulate strategies for improvement. This audit was conducted at a primary care clinic for 4 weeks using the universal sampling method. All patients who attended the clinic during this period was included in the study except for those who required more time to be seen such as those who were critically ill, aggressive or those who came for repeat medication or procedures only without needing to see the doctor...
2017: Malaysian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470015/econsultations-to-infectious-disease-specialists-questions-asked-and-impact-on-primary-care-providers-behavior
#3
Ruchi Murthy, Gregory Rose, Clare Liddy, Amir Afkham, Erin Keely
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, the Champlain BASE (Building Access to Specialist Advice through eConsultation) has allowed primary care providers (PCPs) to submit clinical questions to specialists through a secure web service. The study objectives are to describe questions asked to Infectious Diseases specialists through eConsultation and assess impact on physician behaviors. METHODS: eConsults completed through the Champlain BASE service from April 15, 2013 to January 29, 2015 were characterized by the type of question asked and infectious disease content...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418599/use-of-the-harmonic-scalpel-for-delorme-s-procedure
#4
David Parés, Ioanna Drami, Katie Adams, Ugo Grossi, Ibnauf Suliman, Charles H Knowles
AIM: There are many surgical techniques to deal with external rectal prolapse but perineal procedures have the advantage of reduced invasiveness. Therefore, despite concerns regarding high recurrence rates, the technique is still used by many surgeons. METHOD: This manuscript and video describe our early clinical experience using the harmonic scalpel in eleven consecutive patients who underwent a Delorme's procedure for external rectal prolapse. RESULTS: The median age of patients was 76 years (range 30-94)...
April 18, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407258/a-cardiovascular-prescreening-protocol-for-unmonitored-in-office-laryngology-procedures
#5
Lyndsay L Madden, John Ward, Anne Ward, VyVy N Young, Libby J Smith, David G Lott, Paul C Bryson, Matthew S Clary, Phillip A Weissbrod, Jonathan M Bock, Joel H Blumin, Clark A Rosen
OBJECTIVES: Currently, there are no cardiovascular (CV) preprocedure screening parameters for patients undergoing in-office laryngeal procedures (IOLP). Studies have shown significant changes in CV measures for IOLP. The aim was to develop and evaluate a pre-IOLP CV screening protocol. METHODS: Review of IOLP literature and consultation with an anesthesiologist and cardiologist led to the development of CV parameters and questions related to four metabolic equivalents (METS) of work as a patient-screening tool before IOLP...
April 13, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402085/decision-aids-for-people-facing-health-treatment-or-screening-decisions
#6
REVIEW
Dawn Stacey, France Légaré, Krystina Lewis, Michael J Barry, Carol L Bennett, Karen B Eden, Margaret Holmes-Rovner, Hilary Llewellyn-Thomas, Anne Lyddiatt, Richard Thomson, Lyndal Trevena
BACKGROUND: Decision aids are interventions that support patients by making their decisions explicit, providing information about options and associated benefits/harms, and helping clarify congruence between decisions and personal values. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of decision aids in people facing treatment or screening decisions. SEARCH METHODS: Updated search (2012 to April 2015) in CENTRAL; MEDLINE; Embase; PsycINFO; and grey literature; includes CINAHL to September 2008...
April 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319519/process-improvement-initiative-for-the-perioperative-management-of-patients-with-a-cardiovascular-implantable-electronic-device
#7
Margaret K Menzel Ellis, Miriam M Treggiari, Jamie M Robertson, Marc A Rozner, Peter F Graven, Michael F Aziz, Matthias J Merkel, Edward A Kahl, Norman A Cohen, Eric C Stecker, Peter M Schulman
BACKGROUND: Economic, personnel, and procedural challenges often complicate and interfere with efficient and safe perioperative care of patients with cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs). In the context of a process improvement initiative, we created and implemented a comprehensive anesthesiologist-run perioperative CIED service to respond to all routine requests for perioperative CIED consultations at a large academic medical center. This study was designed to determine whether this new care model was associated with improved operating room efficiency, reduced institutional cost, and adequate patient safety...
March 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316625/microbiological-study-of-cast-posts-before-cementation
#8
Maricela Vallejo-Labrada, Juan Carlos Ojeda-Garces
This study identifies the most common microorganisms present in type III gold cast posts related to pulpal disease and evaluates the sterilization/disinfection method before cementation in the root canal. Forty-five type III gold cast posts were aseptically collected in sterile sealed plastic bags and taken to the microbiology laboratory to carry out the study: fifteen cast posts had no treatment, fifteen were disinfected (immersion in 70% alcohol during 15 minutes), and fifteen were autoclaved at 121°C for 15 minutes by using saturated steam under 15 psi pressure...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196076/patient-safety-incidents-are-common-in-primary-care-a-national-prospective-active-incident-reporting-survey
#9
Philippe Michel, Jean Brami, Marc Chanelière, Marion Kret, Anne Mosnier, Isabelle Dupie, Anouk Haeringer-Cholet, Maud Keriel-Gascou, Claire Maradan, Frédéric Villebrun, Meredith Makeham, Jean-Luc Quenon
BACKGROUND: The study objectives were to describe the incidence and the nature of patient safety incidents (PSIs) in primary care general practice settings, and to explore the association between these incidents and practice or organizational characteristics. METHODS: GPs, randomly selected from a national influenza surveillance network (n = 800) across France, prospectively reported any incidents observed each day over a one-week period between May and July 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156601/what-s-in-the-special-sauce-of-protocol-driven-outpatient-palliative-care-consultations
#10
Marie Bakitas, J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Jennifer Frost, Margaret Plunkett, Lisa A Lisa A Stephens, Peggy Bishop
139 Background: Initial outpatient palliative care consultations (OPCC) in clinics are usually requested for uncontrolled symptoms. The purpose of this substudy was to determine the nature of recommendations made in early PC (EPC) protocol-driven OPCC. METHODS: Using a standardized tool, we conducted a content analysis on the assessment and plan components of protocol-driven OPCCs. OPCCs were conducted as a component of the ENABLE [Educate, Nurture, Advise, Before Life Ends] RCT (10/2010-9/2013) consisting of an OPCC and 6 structured weekly telephone coaching sessions and monthly follow up either at study entry (early) or 12 weeks later (delayed)...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056205/evaluation-of-a-web-based-cognitive-rehabilitation-program-in-cancer-survivors-reporting-cognitive-symptoms-after-chemotherapy
#11
Victoria J Bray, Haryana M Dhillon, Melanie L Bell, Michael Kabourakis, Mallorie H Fiero, Desmond Yip, Frances Boyle, Melanie A Price, Janette L Vardy
Purpose Cognitive impairment is reported frequently by cancer survivors. There are no proven treatments. We evaluated a cognitive rehabilitation program (Insight) and compared it with standard care in cancer survivors self-reporting cognitive symptoms. Patients and Methods We recruited adult cancer survivors with a primary malignancy (excluding central nervous system malignancies) who had completed three or more cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy in the previous 6 to 60 months and reported persistent cognitive symptoms...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047829/th-ab-201-07-filmless-treatment-localization-qa-for-the-cyberknife-system
#12
J Gersh, M Noll
PURPOSE: Accuray recommends daily evaluation of the treatment localization and delivery systems (TLS/TDS) of the CyberKnife. The vendor-provided solution is a Winston-Lutz-type test that evaluates film shadows from an orthogonal beam pair (known as AQA). Since film-based techniques are inherently inefficient and potentially inconsistent and uncertain, this study explores a method which provides a comparable test with greater efficiency, consistency, and certainty. This test uses the QAStereoChecker (QASC, Standard Imaging, Inc...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047803/su-f-t-552-a-one-year-evaluation-of-the-qabeamchecker-for-use-with-the-cyberknife-system
#13
J Gersh
PURPOSE: By attaching an adapter plate with fiducial markers to the QA BeamChecker+ (Standard Imaging, Inc., Middleton, WI), the output of the CyberKnife can be accurately, efficiently, and consistently evaluated. The adapter plate, known as the Cutting Board, allows for automated alignment of the QABC+ using the CK's stereoscopic kV image-based treatment localization system (TLS). Described herein is an evaluation of the system following a year of clinical utilization. METHODS: Based on a CT scan of the QABC+ and CB, a treatment plan is generated which delivers a beam to each of the 5 plane-parallel ionization chambers...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046522/su-c-204-05-magnetic-resonance-induced-adaptive-response-to-orthovoltage-radiation-therapy-in-fsa-and-sa-nh-mouse-tumor-cell-lines
#14
K Mendel, R Miller, J Murley, M Sadinski, D Grdina
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of pre-treatment Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) on cell survival following orthovoltage radiation therapy. METHODS: This in vitro study examined the survival of FSa cells (extracted from methylcholanthrene-induced fibrosarcoma in the flank of a C3H female mouse) and SA-NH cells (derived from a spontaneously arising murine sarcoma tumor) having undergone an MRI scan prior to radiation exposure. Cell cultures were kept at 37 C, in a humidified environment with 5% CO2, and were grown to confluence prior to the start of the experiment...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886968/defining-communication-improvement-needs-in-general-surgery-an-analysis-of-pages-communications-patterns-and-content%C3%A2
#15
Julie Hallet, David Wallace, Abraham El-Sedfy, Najma Ahmed, Andrew J Smith, Avery B Nathens, Lesley Gotlib Conn, Natalie G Coburn
OBJECTIVE: To describe patterns of pages communication to general surgery (GS) residents, identify the need for and develop strategies to improve interprofessional communication. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: General surgery (GS) service at a tertiary care academic institution, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: All pages sent to GS residents over 4 weeks at an academic institution...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885658/early-skin-to-skin-contact-for-mothers-and-their-healthy-newborn-infants
#16
REVIEW
Elizabeth R Moore, Nils Bergman, Gene C Anderson, Nancy Medley
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant separation post birth is common. In standard hospital care, newborn infants are held wrapped or dressed in their mother's arms, placed in open cribs or under radiant warmers. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) begins ideally at birth and should last continually until the end of the first breastfeeding. SSC involves placing the dried, naked baby prone on the mother's bare chest, often covered with a warm blanket. According to mammalian neuroscience, the intimate contact inherent in this place (habitat) evokes neuro-behaviors ensuring fulfillment of basic biological needs...
November 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873423/the-power-of-the-pen-how-to-make-physicians-more-friendly-and-patients-more-attractive
#17
Nurith Epstein, Thomas Brendel, Inga Hege, Diana L Ouellette, Ralf Schmidmaier, Jan Kiesewetter
CONTEXT: Studies have shown that patients' subjective perceptions of physicians' competence and friendliness are relevant aspects of a successful treatment, influencing patients' well-being and trust in the physician. Psychological research has repeatedly shown that unconsciously contracting muscles that are usually used to smile can intensify and even elicit positive feelings (known as facial feedback). Empirical evidence also suggests that a smiling person is favourably judged by others with respect to attractiveness and trustworthiness...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697247/effect-of-cataract-surgery-training-on%C3%A2-operating-room-productivity-how%C3%A2-long%C3%A2-trainees-take
#18
Dong Young Park, Andrew Walkden, Timothy A De Klerk
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of specialty training on cataract operation times and operating room efficiency. SETTING: Manchester Royal Eye Hospital, Manchester, United Kingdom. DESIGN: Retrospective consecutive case series. METHODS: Specialty training and consultant case times with preparation times were recorded between August 2014 and May 2015. Cases with posterior capsule rupture requiring anterior vitrectomy or iris hook insertion were analyzed...
September 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580822/wait-and-consult-times-for-primary-healthcare-services-in-central-mozambique-a-time-motion-study
#19
Bradley H Wagenaar, Sarah Gimbel, Roxanne Hoek, James Pfeiffer, Cathy Michel, Fatima Cuembelo, Titos Quembo, Pires Afonso, Stephen Gloyd, Barrot H Lambdin, Mark A Micek, Victoria Porthé, Kenneth Sherr
BACKGROUND: We describe wait and consult times across public-sector clinics and identify health facility determinants of wait and consult times. DESIGN: We observed 8,102 patient arrivals and departures from clinical service areas across 12 public-sector clinics in Sofala and Manica Provinces between January and April 2011. Negative binomial generalized estimating equations were used to model associated health facility factors. RESULTS: Mean wait times (in minutes) were: 26...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496265/benign-joint-hypermobility-minimally-impacts-autonomic-abnormalities-in-pediatric-subjects-with-chronic-functional-pain-disorders
#20
Gisela Chelimsky, Katja Kovacic, Pippa Simpson, Melodee Nugent, Donald Basel, Julie Banda, Thomas Chelimsky
OBJECTIVE: To determine if children with benign joint hypermobility (BJH) syndrome and chronic functional pain disorders have more autonomic dysfunction. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review study of pediatric patients seen in the pediatric neurogastroenterology and autonomic clinic who underwent autonomic testing and had either a Beighton score of ≥6 and met Brighton criteria for BJH (with BJH) or a score of ≤2 (no BJH). RESULTS: Twenty-one female subjects (10 without BJH) met inclusion criteria; 64% of BJH had diagnosis confirmed by genetics consultation...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
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