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Social determinants indigenous health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803884/challenging-the-colonisation-of-birth-koori-women-s-birthing-knowledge-and-practice
#1
Karen Adams, Shannon Faulkhead, Rachel Stanfield, Petah Atkinson
BACKGROUND: The 2007 United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples states that Indigenous peoples have the right to self-determination for social and cultural development. This fundamental right has been impeded worldwide through colonisation where many Indigenous peoples have had to adapt to ensure continuation of cultural knowledge and practice. In South East Australia colonisation was particularly brutal interrupting a 65,000 year-old oral culture and archives have increasing importance for cultural revival...
August 10, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736726/social-and-emotional-wellbeing-screening-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islanders-within-primary-health-care-a-series-of-missed-opportunities
#2
Erika Langham, Janya McCalman, Veronica Matthews, Roxanne Gwendalyn Bainbridge, Barbara Nattabi, Irina Kinchin, Ross Bailie
BACKGROUND: Social and emotional wellbeing (SEWB) is a critical determinant of health outcomes for Indigenous Australians. This study examined the extent to which primary healthcare services (PHSs) undertake SEWB screening and management of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients, and the variation in SEWB screening and management across Indigenous PHS. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis between 2012 and 2014 of 3,407 Indigenous client records from a non-representative sample of 100 PHSs in 4 Australian states/territory was undertaken to examine variation in the documentation of: (1) SEWB screening using identified measurement instruments, (2) concern regarding SEWB, (3) actions in response to concern, and (4) follow up actions...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732498/a-qualitative-study-on-the-intersectional-social-determinants-for-indigenous-people-who-become-infected-with-hiv-in-their-youth
#3
Roberta L Woodgate, Melanie Zurba, Pauline Tennent, Carla Cochrane, Mike Payne, Javier Mignone
BACKGROUND: Indigenous young people are currently highly overrepresented in the HIV epidemic in Canada, especially in the Prairie Provinces, such as Manitoba. Understanding HIV-vulnerability in Indigenous peoples must begin with understanding that social determinants are intersectional and linked to the historical legacy of European colonization. In this paper findings that detail the influence of the intersectional social determinants on Indigenous people who become infected with HIV in their youth are presented...
July 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689090/social-and-emotional-wellbeing-assessment-instruments-for-use-with-indigenous-australians-a-critical-review
#4
REVIEW
M Le Grande, C F Ski, D R Thompson, P Scuffham, S Kularatna, A C Jackson, A Brown
RATIONALE: There is growing recognition that in addition to universally recognised domains and indicators of wellbeing (such as population health and life expectancy), additional frameworks are required to fully explain and measure Indigenous wellbeing. In particular, Indigenous Australian wellbeing is largely determined by colonisation, historical trauma, grief, loss, and ongoing social marginalisation. Dominant mainstream indicators of wellbeing based on the biomedical model may therefore be inadequate and not entirely relevant in the Indigenous context...
July 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614488/social-inequalities-in-maternal-mortality-among-the-provinces-of-ecuador
#5
Antonio Sanhueza, Jakeline Calle Roldán, Paulina Ríos-Quituizaca, Maria Cecilia Acuña, Isabel Espinosa
Objective: This study set out to describe the association between the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) estimates and a set of socioeconomic indicators and compute the MMR inequalities among the provinces of Ecuador. Methods: A cross-sectional ecological study was conducted, using data for 2014 from the country's 24 provinces. The MMR estimate was calculated for each province, as well as the association and its strength between MMR and specific socioeconomic indicators...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610435/access-and-engagement-in-hiv-care-among-a-national-cohort-of-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada
#6
Nadine Kronfli, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Ying Wang, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Angela Kaida, Carmen Logie, Tracey Conway, V Logan Kennedy, Ann Burchell, Wangari Tharao, Neora Pick, Mary Kestler, Paul Sereda, Mona Loutfy, On Behalf Of The Chiwos Research Team
Attrition along the cascade of HIV care poses significant barriers to attaining the UNAIDS targets of 90-90-90 and achieving optimal treatment outcomes for people living with HIV. Understanding the correlates of attrition is critical and particularly for women living with HIV (WLWH) as gender disparities along the cascade have been found. We measured the proportion of the 1425 WLWH enrolled in the Canadian HIV Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Cohort Study (CHIWOS) who had never accessed HIV medical care, who reported delayed linkage into HIV care (>3 months between diagnosis and initial care linkage), and who were not engaged in HIV care at interview (<1 visit in prior year)...
June 13, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554880/diversity-in-emental-health-practice-an-exploratory-qualitative-study-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-service-providers
#7
Jennifer Bird, Darlene Rotumah, James Bennett-Levy, Judy Singer
BACKGROUND: In Australia, mental health services are undergoing major systemic reform with eMental Health (eMH) embedded in proposed service models for all but those with severe mental illness. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander service providers have been targeted as a national priority for training and implementation of eMH into service delivery. Implementation studies on technology uptake in health workforces identify complex and interconnected variables that influence how individual practitioners integrate new technologies into their practice...
May 29, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535822/social-determinants-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-north-american-indigenous-population-a-review
#8
Kaitlin J Zeiler, Frederick A Zeiler
OBJECTIVE: Given the difficult to navigate literature on social determinants in Indigenous traumatic brain injury (TBI) we wished to identify all available literature on the social determinants of health linked to TBI in the North American Indigenous populations. METHODS: We performed a systematically conducted review. We searched MEDLINE, BIOSIS, EMBASE, Global Health, SCOPUS, and Cochrane Library from inception to January 2016. A two-step review process of the search results was performed, applying defined inclusion/exclusion criteria...
May 24, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523795/efficacy-of-an-oral-health-literacy-intervention-among-indigenous-australian-adults
#9
Xiangqun Ju, David Brennan, Eleanor Parker, Helen Mills, Kostas Kapellas, Lisa Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of an oral health literacy intervention on oral health literacy-related outcomes among rural-dwelling Indigenous Australian adults. METHODS: A total of 400 Indigenous adults (203 intervention and 197 control participants) were recruited into a randomized controlled trial; a functional, context-specific oral health literacy interventions were developed and implemented by Indigenous staff. The intervention comprised five sessions, each lasting 1...
May 19, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504054/exploring-the-challenges-in-obtaining-physical-activity-data-from-women-using-hip-worn-accelerometers
#10
Wendy J O'Brien, Sarah P Shultz, Ridvan T Firestone, Lily George, Bernhard H Breier, Rozanne Kruger
Quality objective physical activity data are required to inform physical activity-based health improvement initiatives, however, various challenges undermine acquisition of such data. We examined the efficacy and challenges of a hip-worn accelerometry protocol in women. Specific objectives included determining accelerometer-wear-compliance rates and understanding the barriers and acceptability of wearing accelerometers. Healthy New Zealand women (n = 406) of three ethnicities (Māori (indigenous New Zealander), Pacific, European) aged 16-45 years (30...
August 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499848/understanding-obesity-in-the-context-of-an-indigenous-population-a-qualitative-study
#11
Ricky Bell, Catherine Smith, Leigh Hale, Geoffrey Kira, Steve Tumilty
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a progressive global phenomenon that is disparately prevalent amongst Indigenous populations. While there is a growing body of literature investigating the extrinsic contributors to obesity, there is a lack of evidence to elucidate intrinsic drivers in the context of an Indigenous population. METHODS: Qualitative research theory, inclusive of Indigenous knowledge systems, was applied to the narratives of 15 Indigenous (Māori) people aged between 18 and 65 to contextualise their understandings of obesity...
May 9, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468619/economic-and-quality-of-care-evaluation-of-dialysis-service-models-in-remote-australia-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#12
Gillian Gorham, Kirsten Howard, Samantha Togni, Paul Lawton, Jaquelyne Hughes, Sandawana William Majoni, Sarah Brown, Sue Barnes, Alan Cass
BACKGROUND: Australia's Northern Territory (NT) has the country's highest incidence and prevalence of kidney disease. Indigenous people from remote areas suffer the heaviest disease burden. Concerns regarding cost and sustainability limit the provision of dialysis treatments in remote areas and most Indigenous people requiring dialysis relocate to urban areas. However, this dislocation of people from their family, community and support networks may prove more costly when the broader health, societal and economic consequences for the individual, family and whole of government are considered...
May 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468612/the-barriers-and-facilitators-that-indigenous-health-workers-experience-in-their-workplace-and-communities-in-providing-self-management-support-a-multiple-case-study
#13
Jessica Conway, George Tsourtos, Sharon Lawn
BACKGROUND: The inequality in health outcomes between Indigenous (Throughout the paper, the term Indigenous will be used to represent both Aboriginal Australians and Torres Strait Islander Australians.) and non-Indigenous Australians continues to be a major public health issue. Chronic conditions are responsible for the majority of the gap in life expectancy for this population. Evidence suggests that chronic condition management models focusing on self-management have led to improved health outcomes in Indigenous populations...
May 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447821/intersectional-policy-analysis-of-self-directed-mental-health-care-in-canada
#14
Judith A Cook, Marina Morrow, Lupin Battersby
OBJECTIVE: Recovery from mental illness is influenced by one's social location along multiple dimensions of identity, such as race, class, gender, age, and ability, and by how these social locations are expressed through structural and institutional barriers. This project was developed using an intersectional policy analysis framework designed to promote equity across identity locations-called the multistrand method-to examine the potential use of self-directed care financing approaches in the Canadian mental health system...
June 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441674/the-development-of-an-indigenous-health-curriculum-for-medical-students
#15
Melissa Lewis, Amy Prunuske
Indigenous populations experience dramatic health disparities; yet, few medical schools equip students with the skills to address these inequities. At the University of Minnesota Medical School, Duluth campus, a project to develop an Indigenous health curriculum began in September 2013. This project used collaborative and decolonizing methods to gather ideas and opinions from multiple stakeholders, including students, community members, faculty, and administration, to guide the process of adding Indigenous health content to the curriculum to prepare students to work effectively with Indigenous populations...
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403465/smoking-in-pregnancy-among-indigenous-women-in-high-income-countries-a-narrative-review
#16
Gillian S Gould, Christi Patten, Marewa Glover, Anette Kira, Harshani Jayasinghe
Introduction: Pregnant women in socioeconomically disadvantaged circumstances, such as Indigenous women, have a high prevalence of smoking. Tobacco smoking is the most significant reversible risk factor for the health of Indigenous pregnant women and their babies. Methods: As researchers working in this specialized area, we conducted a narrative review of the literature on smoking among Indigenous pregnant women in the United States, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387801/deadly-choices-empowering-indigenous-australians-through-social-networking-sites
#17
Karen McPhail-Bell, Nathan Appo, Alana Haymes, Chelsea Bond, Mark Brough, Bronwyn Fredericks
The potential for health promotion through social networking sites (SNSs) is widely recognized. However, while health promotion prides itself in focusing on the social determinants of health, its partiality for persuading individuals to comply with health behaviours dominates the way health promotion utilizes SNSs. This paper contributes to an understanding of collaborative ways SNSs can work for health promotion agendas of self-determination and empowerment in an Indigenous Australia context. An ethnographic study was undertaken with Deadly Choices, an Indigenous-led health promotion initiative...
April 5, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359736/hla-a-b-drb1-dqa1-dqb1-alleles-and-haplotype-frequencies-in-dene-and-cree-cohorts-in-manitoba-canada
#18
Linda A Larcombe, Leigh Anne Shafer, Peter W Nickerson, Andrew M Lodge, Jodie S Brown, Leisel C Milligan, Denise Pochinco, Lynnette Beaudin, Brian Arundel, Jacqueline Wong, Joe Dantouze, Lizette Denechezhe, Pamela H Orr
BACKGROUND: First Nations in the Canadian province of Manitoba have disproportionately high rates of epidemic and endemic TB. Gene polymorphisms that modulate HLA Class I and II antigens are among the risk markers for TB, along with other biologic, and social determinants of health. HLA-A, B, DRB1, DQA1, DQB1 were typed in two Manitoba First Nation indigenous groups to identify and compare the frequency of gene polymorphisms that may influence susceptibility or resistance to TB. METHODS: Participants who self-identified as either Dene or Cree enrolled into the study from two First Nation communities in Manitoba, Canada...
March 27, 2017: Human Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273035/the-association-of-household-food-security-household-characteristics-and-school-environment-with-obesity-status-among-off-reserve-first-nations-and-m%C3%A3-tis-children-and-youth-in-canada-results-from-the-2012-aboriginal-peoples-survey
#19
Jasmin Bhawra, Martin J Cooke, Yanling Guo, Piotr Wilk
INTRODUCTION: Indigenous children are twice as likely to be classified as obese and three times as likely to experience household food insecurity when compared with non- Indigenous Canadian children. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between food insecurity and weight status among Métis and off-reserve First Nations children and youth across Canada. METHODS: We obtained data on children and youth aged 6 to 17 years (n = 6900) from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey...
March 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249611/intervention-mapping-to-address-social-and-economic-factors-impacting-indigenous-people-s-health-in-suriname-s-interior-region
#20
Daniel Peplow, Sarah Augustine
BACKGROUND: Previous studies found that while internationally financed economic development projects reduced poverty when measured in terms of per capita GDP, they also caused indigenous people to become disassociated, impoverished and alienated minorities whose health status has declined to unacceptable lows when measured in terms of mercury poisoning and the burgeoning rate of suicide. In this study, we developed a needs assessment and a policy-oriented causal diagram to determine whether the impaired health of the people in this region was at least partially due to the role the country has played within the global economy...
March 1, 2017: Globalization and Health
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