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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342271/more-bark-than-bite-comparative-studies-are-needed-to-determine-the-importance-of-canine-zoonoses-in-aboriginal-communities-a-critical-review-of-published-research
#1
REVIEW
F Smout, L Schrieber, R Speare, L F Skerratt
The objective of this review was to identify and critique over forty years of peer-reviewed literature concerned with the transmission of canine zoonoses to Aboriginal people and determine the zoonotic organisms documented in dogs in Australian Aboriginal communities. A systematic literature search of public health, medical and veterinary databases identified 19 articles suitable for critical appraisal. Thirteen articles documented the occurrence of recognized zoonotic organisms in dogs in Aboriginal communities, including Toxocara canis, Dirofilaria immitis, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, Rickettsia felis, Sarcoptes scabiei and Giardia...
March 25, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329606/clinical-applications-of-topical-ivermectin-in-dermatology
#2
Omid Zargari, Nessa Aghazadeh, Fatemeh Moeineddin
Ivermectin (IVM) is a broad-spectrum anti-parasitic drug with significant anti-inflammatory properties. The emergence of treatment resistance to lindane, permethrin, and possibly malathion complicates the global strategy for management of common parasitic skin diseases such as scabies and head lice. In this regard. IVM has been safely and effectively used in the treatment of these common human infestations. In addition, IVM may be useful in inflammatory cutaneous disorders such as papulopustular rosacea where demodex may play a role in pathogenesis...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325516/scabietic-vasculitis-report-of-2-cases
#3
C Clevy, D Brajon, E Combes, M Benzaquen, J-P Dales, M-C Koeppel, P Berbis
BACKGROUND: The infectious causes of cutaneous vasculitis are well known and include streptococcal infections among others. Cases resulting from parasitic infection are less frequent. Scabies, which is currently on the increase, has only been reported in a few isolated cases. Herein, we report two noteworthy cases of profuse scabies complicated by cutaneous vasculitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Case 1: a 90-year-old woman, residing in a nursing home, was admitted to our dermatology department complaining of pruritus, present for one month, predominantly on the inside of the thighs and on the buttocks, associated with purpuric lesions on the lower limbs...
March 18, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278252/complement-inhibition-by-sarcoptes-scabiei-protects-streptococcus-pyogenes-an-in-vitro-study-to-unravel-the-molecular-mechanisms-behind-the-poorly-understood-predilection-of-s-pyogenes-to-infect-mite-induced-skin-lesions
#4
Pearl M Swe, Lindsay D Christian, Hieng C Lu, Kadaba S Sriprakash, Katja Fischer
BACKGROUND: On a global scale scabies is one of the most common dermatological conditions, imposing a considerable economic burden on individuals, communities and health systems. There is substantial epidemiological evidence that in tropical regions scabies is often causing pyoderma and subsequently serious illness due to invasion by opportunistic bacteria. The health burden due to complicated scabies causing cellulitis, bacteraemia and sepsis, heart and kidney diseases in resource-poor communities is extreme...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261670/tracking-the-subtle-mutations-driving-host-sensing-by-the-plant-pathogen-streptomyces-scabies
#5
Samuel Jourdan, Isolde M Francis, Benoit Deflandre, Rosemary Loria, Sébastien Rigali
The acquisition of genetic material conferring the arsenal necessary for host virulence is a prerequisite on the path to becoming a plant pathogen. More subtle mutations are also required for the perception of cues signifying the presence of the target host and optimal conditions for colonization. The decision to activate the pathogenic lifestyle is not "taken lightly" and involves efficient systems monitoring environmental conditions. But how can a pathogen trigger the expression of virulence genes in a timely manner if the main signal inducing its pathogenic behavior originates from cellulose, the most abundant polysaccharide on earth? This situation is encountered by Streptomyces scabies, which is responsible for common scab disease on tuber and root crops...
March 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251621/burden-of-human-scabies-in-sub-saharan-african-prisons-evidence-from-the-west-region-of-cameroon
#6
Emmanuel Armand Kouotou, Jobert Richie Nansseu, Abdoulaye Sangare, Léonnelle-Lynda Moguieu Bogne, Isidore Sieleunou, Hugues Adegbidi, Joël Tameyi Tatsa, Roger Moyou Somo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is little data on the profile and magnitude of scabies in sub-Saharan African prisons. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence and determinants of scabies in prisons of the west region of Cameroon. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study from March to August 2014, and consecutively recruited volunteer detainees of three randomly selected prisons in the West Region of Cameroon. The diagnosis was based on clinical findings after assessment by two experienced and well-trained dermatologists...
March 1, 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249066/global-skin-disease-morbidity-and-mortality-an-update-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#7
Chante Karimkhani, Robert P Dellavalle, Luc E Coffeng, Carsten Flohr, Roderick J Hay, Sinéad M Langan, Elaine O Nsoesie, Alize J Ferrari, Holly E Erskine, Jonathan I Silverberg, Theo Vos, Mohsen Naghavi
Importance: Disability secondary to skin conditions is substantial worldwide. The Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 includes estimates of global morbidity and mortality due to skin diseases. Objective: To measure the burden of skin diseases worldwide. Data Sources: For nonfatal estimates, data were found by literature search using PubMed and Google Scholar in English and Spanish for years 1980 through 2013 and by accessing administrative data on hospital inpatient and outpatient episodes...
March 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243495/scabies-escaping-detection-until-dermoscopy-was-applied
#8
Aimilios Lallas, Zoe Apalla, Elizabeth Lazaridou, Elena Sotiriou, Efstratios Vakirlis, Dimitrios Ioannides
Dermoscopy is already considered a fairly established method for diagnosing scabies. This is because dermoscopy enables the visualization both of the burrow and the mite itself, forming the so-called "jet with a contrail" structure. In the present report we present an extraordinary case of a patient with scabies lesions on the face and neck, which was misdiagnosed during sequential visits and underwent unnecessary surgical diagnostic procedures. Finally, the diagnostic problem was solved when dermoscopy was applied...
January 2017: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211139/scabies-in-a-bilateral-hand-allograft-recipient-an-additional-mimicker-of-acute-skin-rejection-in-vascularized-composite-allotransplantation
#9
Jean Kanitakis, Emmanuel Morelon
Vascularized composite tissue allografts include skin, which frequently undergoes, in the early post-graft period, acute rejections. The diagnosis of acute rejection may be difficult as it can be mimicked by several dermatoses. We present a bilateral hand allograft recipient who developed, 16.5 years post-graft, cutaneous lesions raising suspicion about rejection. Physical examination and skin biopsy were diagnostic of scabies. This ectoparasitosis should be added in the list of dermatoses that can mimic allograft rejection in vascular composite allografts...
February 17, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196318/common-skin-conditions-in-children-skin-infections
#10
Brian Z Rayala, Dean S Morrell
Skin infections account for a significant subset of dermatologic conditions of childhood. Common cutaneous viral infections in children include warts, molluscum contagiosum, hand-foot-and-mouth disease, and herpes simplex. Although viral infections are self-limited and often only mildly symptomatic, they can cause anxiety, embarrassment, and health care use. Recognition of their common and atypical presentations is necessary to differentiate them from other skin conditions of similar morphology. Impetigo, cellulitis, and abscess comprise the majority of childhood bacterial skin infections and are treated with topical or systemic antibiotics that cover group A Streptococcus and Staphylococcus aureus...
February 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166621/scabies-herpeticum-crusted-scabies-with-herpes-simplex-superinfection
#11
Kristin Shaw, Samantha Smith, Marcia Driscoll
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152357/crusted-scabies-in-northern-and-central-australia-now-is-the-time-for-eradication
#12
Simon Quilty, Thomas S Kaye, Bart J Currie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105102/a-scabies-outbreak-in-a-diabetic-and-collagen-disease-ward-management-and-prevention
#13
Kenta Furuya, Hitoshi Nakajima, Yousuke Sasaki, Akira Ishiko, Yoshihisa Urita
Scabies is an infection caused by Sarcoptes scabiei. In developed countries, scabies remains an important public health problem in hospitals and care facilities among elderly or immunocompromised patients. There are a number of medical providers who have not experienced scabies and there has been confusion surrounding its management and prevention. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to identify the optimal approach for the management and prevention of scabies. A scabies outbreak occurred between June 2014 and October 2014 in the Toho University School of Medicine, Omori Hospital (Tokyo, Japan), and the current study investigates factors concerning the outbreak, such as disease recognition, diagnostic strategy, medical staff experience and correspondence after the outbreak occurred...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099611/norwegian-scabies-rare-case-of-atypical-manifestation
#14
Karina Corrêa Ebrahim, Júlia Barazetti Alves, Lísias de Araújo Tomé, Carlos Floriano de Moraes, Arianne Ditzel Gaspar, Karin Fernanda Franck, Mohamad Ali Hussein, Lucas Raiser da Cruz, Leonardo Duque Ebrahim, Luis Felipe de Oliveira Sidney
Human scabies affects all social classes and different races around the world. It is highly contagious, but the exact figures on its prevalence are unknown. A 19-year-old male patient was admitted to the emergency room reporting fever (38°C) and multiple lesions throughout the body, except face, soles, and palms. Lesions were non-pruritic, which hampered the initial diagnostic suspicion. Skin biopsy was performed, and the final diagnosis was crusted scabies (Norwegian). It was concluded that human scabies is a significant epidemic disease, due to its different clinical manifestations, and because it is extremely contagious...
November 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098680/insight-into-scabies
#15
Faye Mariz Razon, Emily Weidman-Evans
Scabies, an infectious disease caused by the scabies mite, manifests as an intensely pruritic skin rash. Children, the underprivileged, and patients with immunocompromise are at a higher risk of acquiring this contagious disease. Infectivity occurs worldwide in patients of all races, ages, and sex. The classical appearance of papular burrows between the webbed spaces of digits or along the wrists can help distinguish scabies from other dermatologic diseases. Practitioners need to be familiar with how scabies may present so that patients can be treated and taught how to prevent spread of the disease...
February 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063594/-scabies-of-the-nail-unit-in-an-infant
#16
A Finon, G Desoubeaux, M Nadal, G Georgescou, R Baran, A Maruani
BACKGROUND: There are no guidelines regarding the management of scabies in infants and recurrence is common at this age. We report the case of an infant with subungual hyperkeratosis and ungual lesions subsequent to classic scabies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 7-month-girl, treated 6 weeks earlier with esdepallethrin for scabies, consulted for acquired lesions on 3 toe nails. These nails were thickened and displayed subungual hyperkeratosis. Physical examination of the skin, the finger nails and mucous membranes was otherwise normal...
January 4, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062820/epidemiology-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-scabies-in-a-dermatology-office
#17
Kathryn L Anderson, Lindsay C Strowd
BACKGROUND: Scabies is a neglected skin disease, and little is known about current incidence and treatment patterns in the United States. The purpose of this study was to examine demographic data, treatment types, success of treatment, and misdiagnosis rate of scabies in an outpatient dermatology clinic. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients diagnosed with scabies within the past 5 years was performed. RESULTS: A total of 459 charts were identified, with 428 meeting inclusion criteria...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054720/patient-perspectives-what-is-scabies
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982546/a-new-treatment-regimen-with-permethrin-in-scabies
#19
Stefano Veraldi, Paolo DE Micheli, Rossana Schianchi, Paolo Pontini
BACKGROUND: Topical permethrin, applied once daily, is considered as the most effective treatment in scabies. METHODS: Eighty-nine adult immunocompetent patients with scabies were treated with 5% permethrin cream: 42 patients were treated with a single application/day (group I); 47 patients were treated with one application/day for two consecutive days (group II). Clinical diagnosis of scabies was confirmed by microscopical examinations. The cream was stored in refrigerator and applied cold on the entire skin surface...
December 16, 2016: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977935/emergence-of-novel-pathogenic-streptomyces-species-by-site-specific-accretion-and-cis-mobilization-of-pathogenicity-islands
#20
Yucheng Zhang, Rosemary Loria
The main pathogenicity factor of Streptomyces species associated with the potato common scab disease is a nitrated diketopiperazine called thaxtomin A (ThxA). In Streptomyces scabiei (syn. S. scabies), which is thought to be the most ancient pathogenic Streptomyces species, the ThxA biosynthetic cluster is located within a mobile genomic island called the toxicogenic region (TR). Three attachment (att) sites further separate TR into two subregions (TR1 and TR2). TR1 contains the ThxA biosynthetic cluster and is conserved among several pathogenic Streptomyces species...
January 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
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