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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929279/pet-related-infections
#1
Michael J Day
Physicians and veterinarians have many opportunities to partner in promoting the well-being of people and their pets, especially by addressing zoonotic diseases that may be transmitted between a pet and a human family member. Common cutaneous pet-acquired zoonoses are dermatophytosis (ringworm) and sarcoptic mange (scabies), which are both readily treated. Toxoplasmosis can be acquired from exposure to cat feces, but appropriate hygienic measures can minimize the risk to pregnant women. Persons who work with animals are at increased risk of acquiring bartonellosis (e...
November 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905271/the-effects-of-climate-factors-on-scabies-a-14-year-population-based-study-in-taiwan
#2
Jui-Ming Liu, Hsiao-Wei Wang, Fung-Wei Chang, Yueh-Ping Liu, Feng-Hsiang Chiu, Yi-Chun Lin, Kuan-Chen Cheng, Ren-Jun Hsu
Scabies is a common infectious disease and can cause severe outbreaks if not controlled quickly. Besides personal contact history, environmental factors are also important. This study analyzed the effects of environmental climate factors on the incidence of scabies in Taiwan. We conducted a 14-year nationwide population-based study: a total of 14,883 patients with scabies infestation were enrolled. Monthly climate data were collected from Taiwan's Central Weather Bureau, including data on temperature, relative humidity, total rainfall, total rain days, and total sunshine hours...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904173/safety-of-topical-medications-for-scabies-and-lice-in-pregnancy
#3
REVIEW
Viral M Patel, W Clark Lambert, Robert A Schwartz
Medications should be employed with caution in women of childbearing age. Topical medications have little systemic absorption. Therefore, they are considered safer than oral or parenteral agents and less likely to be embryotoxic or fetotoxic. However, their safety profile must be assessed cautiously as the available data are limited. In this article, we aggregate human and animal studies to provide recommendations on using topical anti-scabies and anti-lice therapy in pregnancy.
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891435/a-study-of-clinical-profile-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-scabies-at-a-rural-tertiary-care-centre
#4
Pragya Ashok Nair, Rita Vipul Vora, Nidhi B Jivani, Shailee S Gandhi
INTRODUCTION: Scabies is a contagious disease primarily related to poverty and overcrowding, it rapidly spreads from person to person specially in people with poor hygiene. We come across many patients from rural areas with scabies. In India the incidence ranges from 13% to 59% in rural and urban areas. Many people complain of sleep disturbances and affection of work and leisure activities due to itching. Very few studies are done in India about the affection of quality of life in such patients...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879074/s1-guidelines-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-scabies-short-version
#5
Cord Sunderkötter, Hermann Feldmeier, Regina Fölster-Holst, Bertram Geisel, Sabine Klinke-Rehbein, Alexander Nast, Sandra Philipp, Bernhardt Sachs, Julia Stingl, Johanna Stoevesandt, Henning Hamm
The goals of this German guideline are the improvement of diagnosis and therapy of scabies, the implementation of a coordinated action in outbreaks of scabies, and the control of this infestation in large migration or refugee flows.Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis is transmitted by direct skin-to-skin contact of sufficient duration. The infectivity of female mites when removed from patients does not exceed 48 hours at room temperature (21°C) and relative humidity of 40-80%. The risk of infection rises proportionally to the number of mites on the skin and is particularly high in crusted scabies...
November 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870929/a-clinical-study-of-cutaneous-changes-in-pregnancy
#6
Vinitha V Panicker, Najeeba Riyaz, P K Balachandran
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Pregnant women experience a myriad of physiological and metabolic changes that affect different organ systems in the body. Cutaneous and appendageal alterations that manifest during pregnancy are largely modulated by hormonal, immunologic, and metabolic factors. Detailed reports encompassing physiological changes and specific dermatoses of pregnancy and effects of various dermatoses on pregnant women are scanty in literature. This study was conducted to examine in detail both physiological changes and specific dermatoses...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826663/-scabies-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#7
R Fölster-Holst, C Sunderkötter
Scabies is a common parasitosis, occurring worldwide and at any age that impairs the quality of life of patients and their families by the itching and the stigmatization. The main aims of therapy are destroying the mites Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis that infect the stratum corneum and reduction of the itching. This requires detailed clarification for the patients and the parents of affected children as the instructions for the use of the drugs and also the necessary additional steps are often not correctly followed...
December 2016: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770765/treatment-of-scabies-comparing-the-different-medications
#8
Mohamad Goldust
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769278/evaluation-of-three-enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assays-for-sarcoptic-mange-diagnosis-and-assessment-in-the-iberian-ibex-capra-pyrenaica
#9
Arián Ráez-Bravo, José Enrique Granados, Emmanuel Serrano, Debora Dellamaria, Rosa Casais, Luca Rossi, Anna Puigdemont, Francisco Javier Cano-Manuel, Paulino Fandos, Jesús María Pérez, José Espinosa, Ramón Casimiro Soriguer, Carlo Citterio, Jorge Ramón López-Olvera
BACKGROUND: Sarcoptic mange is a contagious skin disease caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei, affecting different mammalian species worldwide including the Iberian ibex (Capra pyrenaica), in which mortalities over 90 % of the population have been reported. No efficient diagnostic methods are available for this disease, particularly when there are low mite numbers and mild or no clinical signs. In this study, three enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) developed for dog (ELISA A), Cantabrian chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica parva) (ELISA B) and Alpine chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) (ELISA C), were evaluated to detect specific antibodies (IgG) to sarcoptic mange in Iberian ibex sera...
October 21, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743408/pharmacokinetics-of-ivermectin-applied-topically-by-whole-body-bathing-method-in-healthy-volunteers
#10
Atsushi Miyajima, Takashi Hirota, Mari Tashiro, Wataru Noguchi, Yayoi Kawano, Takehisa Hanawa, Akira Kigure, Taichi Anata, Yosuke Yamamoto, Nae Yuasa, Machi Koshino, Yumi Shiraishi, Kaoru Yuzawa, Keita Akagi, Takashi Yoshimasu, Kuniko Makigami, Masayo Komoda
As a novel administration method of ivermectin (IVM) for scabies treatment, we proposed a "whole-body bathing method (WBBM)". In this method, the patients would bathe themselves in a bathing fluid containing IVM at an effective concentration. Previously, we demonstrated that WBBM could deliver IVM to the skin but not to the plasma in rats. In the present study, to assess the clinical validity of the method an arm bathing examination (first trial) and a whole-body bathing examination (second trial) were conducted in healthy volunteers...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734781/the-management-of-scabies-outbreaks-in-residential-care-facilities-for-the-elderly-in-england-a-review-of-current-health-protection-guidelines
#11
L C J White, S Lanza, J Middleton, K Hewitt, L Freire-Moran, C Edge, M Nicholls, J Rajan-Iyer, J A Cassell
Commonly thought of as a disease of poverty and overcrowding in resource-poor settings globally, scabies is also an important public health issue in residential care facilities for the elderly (RCFE) in high-income countries such as the UK. We compared and contrasted current local Health Protection Team (HPT) guidelines for the management of scabies outbreaks in RCFE throughout England. We performed content analysis on 20 guidelines, and used this to create a quantitative report of their variation in key dimensions...
November 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732588/preclinical-study-of-single-dose-moxidectin-a-new-oral-treatment-for-scabies-efficacy-safety-and-pharmacokinetics-compared-to-two-dose-ivermectin-in-a-porcine-model
#12
Charlotte Bernigaud, Fang Fang, Katja Fischer, Anne Lespine, Ludwig Serge Aho, Dominique Dreau, Andrew Kelly, Jean-François Sutra, Francis Moreau, Thomas Lilin, Françoise Botterel, Jacques Guillot, Olivier Chosidow
BACKGROUND: Scabies is one of the commonest dermatological conditions globally; however it is a largely underexplored and truly neglected infectious disease. Foremost, improvement in the management of this public health burden is imperative. Current treatments with topical agents and/or oral ivermectin (IVM) are insufficient and drug resistance is emerging. Moxidectin (MOX), with more advantageous pharmacological profiles may be a promising alternative. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Using a porcine scabies model, 12 pigs were randomly assigned to receive orally either MOX (0...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731834/report-most-common-body-parts-infected-with-scabies-in-children-and-its-control
#13
Nasira Khatoon, Aly Khan, M Arshad Azmi, Adnan Khan, S Shahid Shaukat
Scabies a skin disease caused by mite Sarcoptes scabiei is common in Pakistan and spreads mostly where there is frequent skin to skin contact. In the present study children belonging to four age groups 0-3 years, 4-6 years, 7-9 years and 10-12 years attending Baqai Institute and Hospital Gadap from June-September 2013 were examined. The association between scabies of different human parts and age for boys was significant (p<0.01), while for girls it was highly significant (p<0.001). The most frequent body parts infected with scabies lesions were hands, head and feet...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726821/parasites
#14
Elitza S Theel, Bobbi S Pritt
Parasites are an important cause of human disease worldwide. The clinical severity and outcome of parasitic disease is often dependent on the immune status of the host. Specific parasitic diseases discussed in this chapter are amebiasis, giardiasis, cryptosporidiosis, cyclosporiasis, cystoisosporiasis, microsporidosis, granulomatous amebic encephalitis, toxoplasmosis, leishmaniasis, Chagas disease, malaria, babesiosis, strongyloidiasis, and scabies.
August 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694799/enzymatic-hydrolysis-by-transition-metal-dependent-nucleophilic-aromatic-substitution
#15
Sibel Kalyoncu, David P Heaner, Zohre Kurt, Casey M Bethel, Chiamaka U Ukachukwu, Srinivas Chakravarthy, Jim C Spain, Raquel L Lieberman
Nitroaromatic compounds are typically toxic and resistant to degradation. Bradyrhizobium species strain JS329 metabolizes 5-nitroanthranilic acid (5NAA), which is a molecule secreted by Streptomyces scabies, the plant pathogen responsible for potato scab. The first biodegradation enzyme is 5NAA-aminohydrolase (5NAA-A), a metalloprotease family member that converts 5NAA to 5-nitrosalicylic acid. We characterized 5NAA-A biochemically and obtained snapshots of its mechanism. 5NAA-A, an octamer that can use several divalent transition metals for catalysis in vitro, employs a nucleophilic aromatic substitution mechanism...
December 2016: Nature Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692320/evaluation-of-pharmacokinetics-and-efficacy-of-ivermectin-following-oral-administration-in-dogs-against-experimental-infection-of-ctenocephalides-felis-felis-and-rhipicephalus-sanguineus
#16
Viviane S Magalhães, Yara P Cid, Thais P Ferreira, Deborah M V Medeiros, Lilian C de S O Batista, Thais R Correia, André L M Albert, Fabio B Scott
With the increasing number of pets in home the human-animal relationship is increasingly close and care about control disease growing. Ivermectin (IVM) is frequently used because its proven safety. IVM is recommended for the treatment of demodectic scabies and prevention of heartworm in dogs, but informally is extremely used to control of Ctenocephalides felis felis and Rhipicephalus sanguineus. The aim of this study is evaluate the use of IVM in dogs, by the oral route at 0.6μg/kg dose, against experimental infection of these parasites using the construction of the plasma concentration curve and efficacy study...
September 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680045/indicators-of-health-and-safety-among-institutionalized-older-adults
#17
Maria Lígia Silva Nunes Cavalcante, Cíntia Lira Borges, Acácia Maria Figueiredo Torres de Melo Moura, Rhanna Emanuela Fontenele Lima de Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To identify the incidence of mortality, diarrheal diseases, scabies and falls; and the prevalence of pressure ulcers - all of which are related to the safety ofinstitutionalized older adults. METHOD: This was a documentary retrospective study developed in a long-term residential careinstitution for older adults in the Northeast region of Brazil. The data were gathered from records of health assessment indicators filed between January 2008 and December 2015...
July 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672322/scabies-increased-the-risk-and-severity-of-copd-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#18
Jung-Yueh Chen, Jui-Ming Liu, Fung-Wei Chang, Hung Chang, Kuan-Chen Cheng, Chia-Lun Yeh, Yu-Feng Wei, Ren-Jun Hsu
BACKGROUND: Scabies is a common parasitic infectious disease, and COPD is a major pulmonary disease. However, there have been no previous studies that have investigated the relationship between scabies and COPD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This nationwide population-based study included a total of 3,568 patients with scabies as the study group and 14,255 patients as a control group. We followed up patients in both groups for a 5-year period to identify any new diagnoses of COPD...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671115/bullous-scabies-in-a-5-year-old-child
#19
Olane Guergué Díaz de Cerio, María Del Rosario González Hermosa, Marta Ballestero Díez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659511/protocol-for-the-systematic-review-of-the-prevention-treatment-and-public-health-management-of-impetigo-scabies-and-fungal-skin-infections-in-resource-limited-settings
#20
Philippa May, Asha Bowen, Steven Tong, Andrew Steer, Sam Prince, Ross Andrews, Bart Currie, Jonathan Carapetis
BACKGROUND: Impetigo, scabies, and fungal skin infections disproportionately affect populations in resource-limited settings. Evidence for standard treatment of skin infections predominantly stem from hospital-based studies in high-income countries. The evidence for treatment in resource-limited settings is less clear, as studies in these populations may lack randomisation and control groups for cultural, ethical or economic reasons. Likewise, a synthesis of the evidence for public health control within endemic populations is also lacking...
September 23, 2016: Systematic Reviews
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