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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633664/a-review-of-sarcoptes-scabiei-past-present-and-future
#1
REVIEW
Larry G Arlian, Marjorie S Morgan
The disease scabies is one of the earliest diseases of humans for which the cause was known. It is caused by the mite, Sarcoptes scabiei, that burrows in the epidermis of the skin of humans and many other mammals. This mite was previously known as Acarus scabiei DeGeer, 1778 before the genus Sarcoptes was established (Latreille 1802) and it became S. scabiei. Research during the last 40 years has tremendously increased insight into the mite's biology, parasite-host interactions, and the mechanisms it uses to evade the host's defenses...
June 20, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617860/increasing-prevalence-of-infectious-diseases-in-asylum-seekers-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-switzerland
#2
Constantine Bloch-Infanger, Veronika Bättig, Jürg Kremo, Andreas F Widmer, Adrian Egli, Roland Bingisser, Manuel Battegay, Stefan Erb
OBJECTIVE: The increasing number of refugees seeking asylum in Europe in recent years poses new challenges for the healthcare systems in the destination countries. The goal of the study was to describe the evolution of medical problems of asylum seekers at a tertiary care centre in Switzerland. METHODS: At the University Hospital Basel, we compared all asylum seekers during two 1-year time periods in 2004/05 and 2014/15 concerning demographic characteristics and reasons for referrals and hospitalizations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609546/nodular-scabies-in-infants-dermoscopic-examination-may-avoid-a-diagnostic-pitfall
#3
Iria Neri, Marco Adriano Chessa, Annalucia Virdi, Annalisa Patrizi
infantile scabies sometimes manifests with atypical clinical presentation, leading to misdiagnosis. Monomorphic primary lesions or different coexisting lesions may be present. Specific pediatric localizations are scalp and face(1) , but in infants the most common are palms, soles and axillae. Irritability and poor feeding are more often referred by parents than itching. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
June 13, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604804/identification-of-antigenic-sarcoptes-scabiei-proteins-for-use-in-a-diagnostic-test-and-of-non-antigenic-proteins-that-may-be-immunomodulatory
#4
Marjorie S Morgan, S Dean Rider, Larry G Arlian
BACKGROUND: Scabies, caused by the mite, Sarcoptes scabiei, infects millions of humans, and many wild and domestic mammals. Scabies mites burrow in the lower stratum corneum of the epidermis of the skin and are the source of substances that are antigenic or modulate aspects of the protective response of the host. Ordinary scabies is a difficult disease to diagnose. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this project was to identify S. scabiei proteins that may be candidate antigens for use in a diagnostic test or may be used by the mite to modulate the host's protective response...
June 12, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601538/more-than-a-mite-contagious-crusted-scabies
#5
Jessica Seidelman, Reed M Garza, Colin M Smith, Vance G Fowler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601087/gene-silencing-by-rna-interference-in-sarcoptes-scabiei-a-molecular-tool-to-identify-novel-therapeutic-targets
#6
Deepani D Fernando, Edward J Marr, Martha Zakrzewski, Simone L Reynolds, Stewart T G Burgess, Katja Fischer
BACKGROUND: Scabies is one of the most common and widespread parasitic skin infections globally, affecting a large range of mammals including humans, yet the molecular biology of Sarcoptes scabiei is astonishingly understudied. Research has been hampered primarily due to the difficulty of sampling or culturing these obligatory parasitic mites. A further and major impediment to identify and functionally analyse potential therapeutic targets from the recently emerging molecular databases is the lack of appropriate molecular tools...
June 10, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591057/increase-the-risk-of-intellectual-disability-in-children-with-scabies-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Jui-Ming Liu, Ren-Jun Hsu, Fung-Wei Chang, Chia-Lun Yeh, Chun-Fa Huang, Shu-Ting Chang, Nan-Chang Chiu, Hung-Yang Chang, Hsin Chi, Chien-Yu Lin
Scabies is a common and distressing disease caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis. Psychiatric disorder in childhood is an important disease and easily neglected. There are several similarities in scabies and psychiatric disorders in childhood (PDC). Both of them may present with pruritus. They are relatively common in patients with lower socioeconomic status and crowded environment. Furthermore, immune-mediated inflammatory processes play a role in the pathophysiology in both diseases. An association between scabies and psychiatric disorders may exist...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561292/guideline-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-scabies-in-japan-third-edition-executive-committee-of-guideline-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-scabies
#8
(no author information available yet)
In the current work, we present our new guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of scabies which we, the Executive Committee convened by the Japanese Dermatological Association, developed to ensure proper diagnosis and treatment of scabies in Japan. Approval of phenothrin topical use under the National Health Insurance in August 2014 led to this action. Permethrin, a topical anti-scabietic medication belonging to the same pyrethroid group as phenothrin, is already in use worldwide. In this guideline, we introduce criteria for a proper diagnosis of scabies, treatment algorithm for common and crusted (hyperkeratotic) scabies, and prevention...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559258/in-vitro-efficacy-of-moxidectin-versus-ivermectin-against-sarcoptes-scabiei
#9
Kate E Mounsey, Shelley F Walton, Ashlee Innes, Skye Cash-Deans, James S McCarthy
Moxidectin is under consideration for development as a treatment for human scabies. As some arthropods show decreased sensitivity to moxidectin relative to ivermectin, it was important to assess this for Sarcoptes scabieiIn-vitro assays showed that the concentration of moxidectin required to kill 50% of mites was lower compared to ivermectin (0.5 μM vs 1.8 μM at 24 hours, p <0.0001). This finding provides further support for moxidectin as a candidate for the treatment of human scabies.
May 30, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556185/systematic-review-of-the-diagnosis-of-scabies-in-therapeutic-trials
#10
REVIEW
M J Thompson, D Engelman, K Gholam, L C Fuller, A C Steer
Human scabies (infestation with the mite Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis) causes a significant disease burden worldwide, yet there are no agreed diagnostic guidelines. We aimed to determine whether a consistent approach to diagnosing scabies has been used for published scabies therapeutic trials. The data sources used were the MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane databases, from 1946 to 29 August 2013. Eligible studies were trials of therapeutic interventions against scabies in human subjects, published in English, enrolling patients with scabies, and using various therapeutic interventions...
May 29, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549173/incidental-mosquitocidal-effect-of-an-ivermectin-mass-drug-administration-on-anopheles-farauti-conducted-for-scabies-control-in-the-solomon-islands
#11
Christian Kositz, Jeptah Talina, Jason Diau, Rowena Asugeni, Cheryl Whitehorn, David Mabey, Carlos Chaccour, Michael Marks
Background: The Solomon Islands is targeting elimination of malaria by 2030. The dominant vector is the predominantly exophagic, exophilic Anopheles farauti sensu strictu. This biting behaviour limits the efficacy of conventional vector control tools and highlights the need for new strategies. When administered to humans ivermectin has been shown to have a mosquitocidal effect. Mass drug administration (MDA) with ivermectin is an emerging strategy in the control of scabies. In this study we explored any incidental effect of ivermectin MDA conducted for scabies control on mosquitoes...
March 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542251/transcriptome-microrna-analysis-of-sarcoptes-scabiei-and-host-immune-response
#12
Ran He, Xiaobin Gu, Weimin Lai, Xuerong Peng, Guangyou Yang
Scabies is a parasitic disease, caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei, and is considered one of the top 50 epidemic diseases and one the most common human skin disease, worldwide. Allergic dermatitis, including an intense itch, is a common symptom, however diagnosis is difficult and there is currently no effective vaccine. The goal of this study was to examine the immune interaction mechanism of both S. scabiei and infected hosts. mRNA-seq and microRNA-seq were conducted on the S. scabiei mite and on infected and uninfected hosts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533848/dermatology-in-ghana-a-retrospective-review-of-skin-disease-at-the-korle-bu-teaching-hospital-dermatology-clinic
#13
Brooke E Rosenbaum, Rebecca Klein, Paa Gyasi Hagan, Mark-Young Seadey, Naa Larteley Quarcoo, Rachel Hoffmann, Maria Robinson, Margaret Lartey, Marie C Leger
INTRODUCTION: Ghana is currently developing its provision of dermatology services. Epidemiologic studies of the skin diseases seen by Ghanaian dermatologists are needed to guide these efforts. We aimed to describe the skin conditions seen by and management practices of Ghanaian dermatologists in a specialized clinic. METHODS: We conducted a chart review of new patients presenting to the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital dermatology clinic during 2014. RESULTS: Among the 529 patients studied, 700 discrete diagnoses were made...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505198/strongyloides-seroprevalence-before-and-after-an-ivermectin-mass-drug-administration-in-a-remote-australian-aboriginal-community
#14
Therese M Kearns, Bart J Currie, Allen C Cheng, James McCarthy, Jonathan R Carapetis, Deborah C Holt, Wendy Page, Jennifer Shield, Roslyn Gundjirryirr, Eddie Mulholland, Linda Ward, Ross M Andrews
BACKGROUND: Strongyloides seroprevalence is hyper-endemic in many Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, ranging from 35-60%. We report the impact on Strongyloides seroprevalence after two oral ivermectin mass drug administrations (MDAs) delivered 12 months apart in a remote Australian Aboriginal community. METHODS: Utilizing a before and after study design, we measured Strongyloides seroprevalence through population census with sequential MDAs at baseline and month 12...
May 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492223/scabies-mimicing-child-abuse-a-case-report
#15
Anita Gunarić, Kristina Jurišić, Dubravka Šimić, Jasna Zeljko Penavić, Sandra Jozić, Ivana Goluža
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472570/scabies-a-clinical-update
#16
Myra Hardy, Daniel Engelman, Andrew Steer
BACKGROUND: Scabies is a common, yet neglected, skin disease. Scabies occurs across Australia, but most frequently in socioeconomically disadvantaged populations in tropical regions, including in remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. In temperate settings, the disease clusters in institutional care facilities. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to provide updates on the clinical diagnosis and treatment approaches for scabies in Australia...
2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470151/a-medical-enigma%C3%A2-what-gale-chinoise-chinese-scabies-meant%C3%A2-150-years-ago
#17
B-A Gaüzere, P Aubry
CONTEXT: The meaning of the term "gale chinoise" mentioned in some articles about French overseas territories in the 19th century, remains unclear. In response to a query of an American colleague dermatologist trying to find out what it meant 150 years ago, we attempted to elucidate the nature of this ancient disease, which today would be translated literally as Chinese scabies. METHOD: We submitted the query to a panel of civilian and military French tropical medicine specialists including dermatologists, through two networks : Association Amicale Santé Navale et d'Outre-Mer and Société de Pathologie Exotique...
May 4, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464893/anticancer-potential-of-thevetia-peruviana-fruit-methanolic-extract
#18
Alberto Ramos-Silva, Faviola Tavares-Carreón, Mario Figueroa, Susana De la Torre-Zavala, Argel Gastelum-Arellanez, Aída Rodríguez-García, Luis J Galán-Wong, Hamlet Avilés-Arnaut
BACKGROUND: Thevetia peruviana (Pers.) K. Schum or Cascabela peruviana (L.) Lippold (commonly known as ayoyote, codo de fraile, lucky nut, or yellow oleander), native to Mexico and Central America, is a medicinal plant used traditionally to cure diseases like ulcers, scabies, hemorrhoids and dissolve tumors. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxic, antiproliferative and apoptotic activity of methanolic extract of T. peruviana fruits on human cancer cell lines. METHODS: The cytotoxic activity of T...
May 2, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442799/study-of-pruritus-vulvae-in-geriatric-age-group-in-tertiary-hospital
#19
Jasleen Kaur, Jyotika Kalsy
BACKGROUND: According to the World Health Organization criteria, geriatric population is people above 60 years of age. In this phase of life, a woman has already gone through menopause and its associated emotional, physical, and hormonal changes. These changes are due to gradual loss of estrogen that comes with menopause which results in dramatic changes in the appearance of vulva and vagina. With age, skin of vulva becomes thin, loses elasticity, and moisture so that the patient starts feeling burning and itchy sensation...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442617/closing-the-brief-case-crusted-scabies-in-a-leukemic-patient-following-a-stay-in-a-long-term-acute-care-facility
#20
EDITORIAL
Toshi Ghosh, Deeksha Jandhyala, Micah M Bhatti, Bobbi S Pritt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
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