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Acute rheumatic fever

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843372/wissler-fanconi-syndrome-and-related-diagnoses-a-case-report
#1
Mustafa Q Albustani, Robert F Howard
INTRODUCTION: Wissler-Fanconi syndrome is a rare rheumatic syndrome that was first described during the 1940s in Europe. Since then, many papers have been written that cover all aspects of this syndrome, most of which are in French and German language, with only a very few in English (none of them recent). We report here a case that fulfils the criteria for Wissler-Fanconi syndrome. Under the more general descriptive umbrella of Wissler-Fanconi syndrome, our patient also fulfils the Modified Jones criteria, and the 2010 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism (ACR/EULAR) classification criteria for rheumatoid arthritis, and was interpreted by other internists and another rheumatologist as fulfilling the Yamaguchi criteria for adult onset Still's disease...
2016: Open Access Rheumatol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836917/sugar-dental-caries-and-the-incidence-of-acute-rheumatic-fever-a-cohort-study-of-m%C3%A4-ori-and-pacific-children
#2
Simon Thornley, Roger J Marshall, Katie Bach, Pauline Koopu, Gary Reynolds, Gerhard Sundborn, Win Le Shwe Sin Ei
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether dental caries, as an indicator of cumulative exposure to sugar, is associated with the incidence of acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart disease, in Māori and Pacific children aged 5 and 6 years at their first dental visit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort study was undertaken which linked school dental service records of caries with national hospital discharge and mortality records. Cox models were used to investigate the strength of the association between dental caries and rheumatic fever incidence...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821851/phenotypic-differentiation-of-streptococcus-pyogenes-populations-is-induced-by-recombination-driven-gene-specific-sweeps
#3
Yun-Juan Bao, B Jesse Shapiro, Shaun W Lee, Victoria A Ploplis, Francis J Castellino
Genomic recombination plays an important role in driving adaptive evolution and population differentiation in bacteria. However, controversy exists as to the effects of recombination on population diversity and differentiation, i.e., recombination is frequent enough to sweep through the population at selected gene loci (gene-specific sweeps), or the recombination rate is low without interfering genome-wide selective sweeps. Observations supporting either view are sparse. Pathogenic bacteria causing infectious diseases are promising candidates to provide observations of recombination...
November 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815733/acute-rheumatic-fever-outbreak-in-southern-central-european-country
#4
Urška Kočevar, Nataša Toplak, Blaž Kosmač, Luka Kopač, Samo Vesel, Natalija Krajnc, Matjaž Homan, Rina Rus, Tadej Avčin
: A decline in the incidence of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) in developed countries over the past century can be attributed to the improved public hygiene and to widespread use of antibiotics. ARF seemed to be a rare disease in southern central European country, Slovenia, up to 2010 when we noticed an increase in the number of patients with ARF. In order to assess the current incidence of ARF, we performed a retrospective study of all patients with ARF treated at the University Children's Hospital Ljubljana from January 2008 until the end of December 2014...
November 4, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801390/a-review-of-acute-rheumatic-fever-and-rheumatic-heart-disease-research-in-malaysia
#5
L C Hung, R Nadia
A total of 39 titles related to rheumatic fever or rheumatic heart disease in Malaysia were found with online literature search dating back to their inceptions and through 2014. Additional publications from conference journals were included. Nine papers were selected based on clinical relevance and future research implications. There were no population-based studies on the incidence or prevalence of ARF or RHD. In the 1980s, the incidence of admission due to ARF ranged from 2 to 21.1 per 100 000 paediatric admission per year...
June 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776916/acute-rheumatic-fever-global-persistence-of-a-preventable-disease
#6
Francine Bono-Neri
The persistence of acute rheumatic fever continues to be seen globally. Once thought to be eradicated in various parts of the world, the disease came back with a vengeance secondary to a lack of diligence on the part of providers. Today, the global burden of group A streptococcal infection, the culprit of the numerous sequelae manifested in acute rheumatic fever, is considerable. Although a completely preventable disease, rheumatic fever continues to exist. It is a devastating disease that involves long-term, multisystem treatment and monitoring for patients who were unsuccessful at eradicating the precipitating group A streptococcal infection...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774884/peculiarities-of-the-clinical-course-of-oxidative-protein-and-lipid-modification-in-children-with-acute-rheumatic-fever
#7
Sandugash Dyussenova, Bibigul Tukbekova, Saule Kizatova, V Tattigul, Karlygash Zhubanysheva, Kulzia Zhaktaeva, Saida Sadvakassova, Gulmira Serikova, V Nazym, Aiman Issayeva
Purpose was to assess the status of protein and lipid oxidative metabolism as a pathogenic link of acute rheumatic fever by measuring markers of early lesion. The analysis of lipid peroxidation and antioxidant protection indicators revealed unidirectional changes that confirm significant cellular membrane lesion. In addition, the determined changes correlated with the activity level of the pathological process while comparing the indicators of ill children in remission and during exacerbation. It was found that despite the active traditional treatment in hospitals for in-patients, a number of studied indicators did not return to normal in remission...
October 19, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753898/os-01-07-clinical-importance-of-collagen-metabolism-markers-in-rheumatic-heart-valve-disease-in-indian-subpopulation
#8
Tanima Banerjee, Somaditya Mukherjee, Sudip Ghosh, Monodeep Biswas, Santanu Datta, Sanjib Pattari, Shelly Chatterjee, Arun Bandyopadhyay
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD), a chronic acquired heart disorder results from Acute Rheumatic Fever. RHD is mostly prevalent in developing nations which is mainly diagnosed by transthoracic echocardiography. Till date, there is no biochemical marker for disease management. In the present study we aim to investigate whether mitral valve remodeling contributes to altered levels of circulating biomarkers of collagen metabolism in rheumatic heart disease. DESIGN AND METHOD: The study involved RHD subjects with before and after valve replacement surgery which includes age and sex matched controls...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733129/comparative-m-protein-analysis-of-streptococcus-pyogenes-from-pharyngitis-and-skin-infections-in-new-zealand-implications-for-vaccine-development
#9
Deborah A Williamson, Pierre R Smeesters, Andrew C Steer, Julie Morgan, Mark Davies, Philip Carter, Arlo Upton, Stephen Y C Tong, John Fraser, Nicole J Moreland
BACKGROUND: Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) are responsible for a significant disease burden amongst Māori and Pacific populations in New Zealand (NZ). However, contemporary data are lacking regarding circulating group A Streptococcal (GAS) strains in NZ. Such information is important in guiding vaccine development. METHODS: GAS isolates from April to June 2015 were recovered from skin and pharyngeal samples from children living in areas of high social deprivation in Auckland, NZ, a significant proportion of which are Māori or Pacific...
October 12, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730795/do-legal-issues-deserve-space-in-specialty-medical-journals
#10
Neeraj Nagpal
Physicians and Internists in India have tended to brush under the carpet legal issues affecting their profession. Of concern to all Physicians is the judgment in a recent case where the NCDRC has stated that if MD Medicine Physicians write Physician & Cardiologist on their letterhead it is Quackery. What is MD Medicine degree holder in India qualified and trained to treat ? These are issues which need debate and that can only be initiated once we recognize that there is a problem. Either an MD Medicine is a cardiologist or he is not...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705748/cornus-mas-l-cornelian-cherry-an-important-european-and-asian-traditional-food-and-medicine-ethnomedicine-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-for-its-commercial-utilization-in-drug-industry
#11
REVIEW
Biswanath Dinda, Anthony M Kyriakopoulos, Subhajit Dinda, Vassilis Zoumpourlis, Nikolaos S Thomaidis, Aristea Velegraki, Charlambos Markopoulos, Manikarna Dinda
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cornus mas L. (cornelian cherry) fruits have been used for centuries as traditional cuisine and folk medicine in various countries of Europe and Asia. In folk medicines, the fruits and other parts of the plant have been used for prevention and treatment of a wide range of diseases such as diabetes, diarrhea, gastrointestinal disorders, fevers, rheumatic pain, skin and urinary tract infections, kidney and liver diseases, sunstroke, among others. This review provides a systematic and constructive overview of ethnomedicinal uses, chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of this plant as well as future research need for its commercial utilization as nutraceutical food supplement and medicine...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702773/clinical-outcomes-in-3343-children-and-adults-with-rheumatic-heart-disease-from-14-low-and-middle-income-countries-2-year-follow-up-of-the-global-rheumatic-heart-disease-registry-the-remedy-study
#12
Liesl Zühlke, Ganesan Karthikeyan, Mark E Engel, Sumathy Rangarajan, Pam Mackie, Blanche Cupido, Katya Mauff, Shofiqul Islam, Rezeen Daniels, Veronica Francis, Stephen Ogendo, Bernard Gitura, Charles Mondo, Emmy Okello, Peter Lwabi, Mohammed M Al-Kebsi, Christopher Hugo-Hamman, Sahar S Sheta, Abraham Haileamlak, Wandimu Daniel, Dejuma Yadeta Goshu, Senbeta G Abdissa, Araya G Desta, Bekele A Shasho, Dufera M Begna, Ahmed ElSayed, Ahmed S Ibrahim, John Musuku, Fidelia Bode-Thomas, Christopher C Yilgwan, Ganiyu A Amusa, Olukemi Ige, Basil Okeahialam, Christopher Sutton, Rajeev Misra, Azza Abul Fadl, Neil Kennedy, Albertino Damasceno, Mahmoud U Sani, Okechukwu S Ogah, Taiwo Olunuga, Huda ElHassan, Ana Olga Mocumbi, Abiodun M Adeoye, Pindile S Mntla, Dike B Ojji, Joseph Mucumbitsi, Koon Teo, Salim Yusuf, Bongani M Mayosi
BACKGROUND: -There are few contemporary data on the mortality and morbidity associated with rheumatic heart disease (RHD) or information on their predictors. We report the two year follow-up of individuals with RHD from 14 low and middle income countries in Africa and Asia. METHODS: -Between January 2010 and November 2012, we enrolled 3343 patients from 25 centers in 14 countries and followed them for two years to assess mortality, congestive heart failure (CHF), stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), recurrent acute rheumatic fever (ARF), and infective endocarditis (IE)...
October 4, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643244/os-01-07-clinical-importance-of-collagen-metabolism-markers-in-rheumatic-heart-valve-disease-in-indian-subpopulation
#13
Tanima Banerjee, Somaditya Mukherjee, Sudip Ghosh, Monodeep Biswas, Santanu Datta, Sanjib Pattari, Shelly Chatterjee, Arun Bandyopadhyay
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD), a chronic acquired heart disorder results from Acute Rheumatic Fever. RHD is mostly prevalent in developing nations which is mainly diagnosed by transthoracic echocardiography. Till date, there is no biochemical marker for disease management. In the present study we aim to investigate whether mitral valve remodeling contributes to altered levels of circulating biomarkers of collagen metabolism in rheumatic heart disease. DESIGN AND METHOD: The study involved RHD subjects with before and after valve replacement surgery which includes age and sex matched controls...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625530/acute-poststreptococcal-glomerulonephritis-and-acute-rheumatic-fever-an-uncommon-coincidence
#14
Cerniauskiene Vilija, Kalibatas Paulius, Azukaitis Karolis, Jankauskiene Augustina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614728/different-antibiotic-treatments-for-group-a-streptococcal-pharyngitis
#15
Mieke L van Driel, An Im De Sutter, Hilde Habraken, Sarah Thorning, Thierry Christiaens
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics provide only modest benefit in treating sore throat, although effectiveness increases in participants with positive throat swabs for group A beta-haemolytic streptococci (GABHS). It is unclear which antibiotic is the best choice if antibiotics are indicated. OBJECTIVES: To assess the evidence on the comparative efficacy of different antibiotics in: (a) alleviating symptoms (pain, fever); (b) shortening the duration of the illness; (c) preventing relapse; and (d) preventing complications (suppurative complications, acute rheumatic fever, post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis)...
September 11, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585393/long-term-nonmalignant-disease-mortality-in-subjects-exposed-to-transmissible-agents-present-in-animals-used-for-food
#16
Harrison Ndetan, Uwemedimbuk S Ekanem, Mohammed F Faramawi, Irene P Chedjieu, Susan Thapa, Bianca K Johnson, Kemmian D Johnson, Salima S Surani, Eric S Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To study mortality from nonmalignant diseases in subjects with high exposure to transmissible agents present in animals used for food, and in their raw or inadequately cooked products. METHODS: Mortality was compared in a cohort of meat handlers in slaughtering and processing plants with that of the U.S. general population. RESULTS: Excess mortality was observed for conditions known to be associated with infections-these include, septicemia, chronic nephritis, diseases of the kidney and ureter, diseases of the pancreas, cirrhosis of the liver, acute and subacute endocarditis, acute rheumatic fever, functional diseases of the heart, aortic aneurysm, intracranial and intraspinous abscess, and meningitis...
September 1, 2016: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583870/sudden-unexpected-death-of-a-15-year-old-boy-due-to-pancarditis-a-case-report-and-possible-etiopathogenesis
#17
Antonio Osculati, Silvia Damiana Visonà, Francesco Ventura, Francesca Castelli, Luisa Andrello
BACKGROUND: Generally, rheumatic heart disease is, today, sporadic in developed countries, even though it continues to be a major health hazard in the developing ones. It is also a very rare cause of sudden unexpected death. We report a case of a 15-year-old boy who suddenly died at home. Since 3 days he had presented fever and chest pain. The family physician had diagnosed bronchitis and treated the boy with amoxicillin. METHODS: Seven hours after death, a forensic autopsy were performed ...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566329/rheumatic-heart-disease-in-the-twenty-first-century
#18
REVIEW
Bethel Woldu, Gerald S Bloomfield
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a chronic valvular disease resulting after severe or repetitive episodes of acute rheumatic fever (ARF), an autoimmune response to group A Streptococcus infection. RHD has been almost eliminated with improved social and health infrastructure in affluent countries while it remains a neglected disease with major cause of morbidity and mortality in many low- and middle-income countries, and resource-limited regions of high-income countries. Despite our evolving understanding of the pathogenesis of RHD, there have not been any significant advances to prevent or halt progression of disease in recent history...
October 2016: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526359/tracking-isolated-myocarditis-in-a-young-adult-with-acute-rheumatic-fever-on-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#19
Keishi Moriwaki, Ryuji Okamoto, Haruno Sakuma, Yasuo Suzuki, Masaki Tanabe, Norikazu Yamada, Masaaki Ito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520996/post-streptococcal-reactive-arthritis-where-are-we-now
#20
Himanshu Pathak, Tarnya Marshall
A 35-year-old man presented with polyarthritis and constitutional symptoms, and a recent history of multiple tick bites and skin rash on trekking holiday. He did not respond to oral doxycycline and cephalexine for presumed Lyme's disease. Further investigation confirmed strongly positive streptococcal serology. There was absence of clinical or echocardiography evidence of heart involvement and immunological screening for inflammatory arthritis was negative. In the absence of other major Jones criteria for acute rheumatic fever, besides polyarthritis and the serological evidence of a recent streptococcal infection, a diagnosis of post-streptococcal reactive arthritis (PSRA) was also made...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
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