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Indigenous health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086846/stochastic-agent-based-modeling-of-tuberculosis-in-canadian-indigenous-communities
#1
Ashleigh R Tuite, Victor Gallant, Elaine Randell, Annie-Claude Bourgeois, Amy L Greer
BACKGROUND: In Canada, active tuberculosis (TB) disease rates remain disproportionately higher among the Indigenous population, especially among the Inuit in the north. We used mathematical modeling to evaluate how interventions might enhance existing TB control efforts in a region of Nunavut. METHODS: We developed a stochastic, agent-based model of TB transmission that captured the unique household and community structure. Evaluated interventions included: (i) rapid treatment of active cases; (ii) rapid contact tracing; (iii) expanded screening programs for latent TB infection (LTBI); and (iv) reduced household density...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078479/follow-up-cancer-care-perspectives-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-cancer-survivors
#2
J A Meiklejohn, G Garvey, R Bailie, E Walpole, J Adams, D Williamson, J Martin, C M Bernardes, B Arley, B Marcusson, P C Valery
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore Indigenous Australian cancer survivors' perspectives of follow-up cancer care and management.. METHODS: This is a qualitative study employing individual interviews with 21 Indigenous cancer survivors (13 females, 8 males) recruited from a rural primary health service and large tertiary hospital in Brisbane, Queensland. Yarning methods were used to conduct semi-structured interviews. Yarning is a culturally appropriate, informal conversational process emphasising the importance of storytelling...
January 12, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077347/translating-e-mental-health-into-practice-what-are-the-barriers-and-enablers-to-e-mental-health-implementation-by-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-professionals
#3
James Bennett-Levy, Judy Singer, Simon DuBois, Kelly Hyde
BACKGROUND: With increasing evidence for the effectiveness of e-mental health interventions for enhancing mental health and well-being, a growing challenge is how to translate promising research findings into service delivery contexts. A 2012 e-mental health initiative by the Australian Federal Government (eMHPrac) has sought to address the issue through several strategies, one of which has been to train different health professional workforces in e-mental health (e-MH). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to report on the barriers and enablers of e-MH uptake in a cohort of predominantly Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health professionals (21 Indigenous, 5 non-Indigenous) who occupied mainly support or case management roles within their organizations...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076587/-interventions-to-improve-access-to-health-services-by-indigenous-peoples-in-the-americas
#4
Miguel Araujo, Cecilia Moraga, Evelina Chapman, Jorge Barreto, Eduardo Illanes
Objective: Synthesize evidence on effectiveness of interventions designed to improve access to health services by indigenous populations. Methods: Review of systematic reviews published as of July 2015, selecting and analyzing only studies in the Region of the Americas. The bibliographic search encompassed MEDLINE, Lilacs, SciELO, EMBASE, DARE, HTA, The Cochrane Library, and organization websites. Two independent reviewers selected studies and analyzed their methodological quality...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076583/-social-factors-associated-with-use-of-prenatal-care-in-ecuador
#5
Amaya Sánchez-Gómez, William Cevallos, Mario J Grijalva, Luis C Silva-Ayçaguer, Susana Tamayo, Jerry O Jacobson, Jaime A Costales, Rodrigo Jiménez-Garcia, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Suzanne Serruya, Celia Riera
Objectives: Prenatal care is a pillar of public health, enabling access to interventions including prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and congenital syphilis. This paper describes social factors related to use of prenatal care in Ecuador. Methods: In 2011 and 2012, participant clinical history and interview information was analyzed from a national probability sample of 5 998 women presenting for delivery or miscarriage services in 15 healthcare facilities in Ecuador, to estimate prevalence of HIV, syphilis, and Chagas disease, and prenatal care coverage...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069014/cultural-elements-underlying-the-community-health-representative-client-relationship-on-navajo-nation
#6
Vikas Gampa, Casey Smith, Olivia Muskett, Caroline King, Hannah Sehn, Jamy Malone, Cameron Curley, Chris Brown, Mae-Gilene Begay, Sonya Shin, Adrianne Katrina Nelson
BACKGROUND: Navajo Nation Community Health Representatives (CHR) are trained community health workers (CHWs) who provide crucial services for patients and families. The success of the CHRs' interventions depends on the interactions between the CHRs and their clients. This research investigates the culturally specific factors that build and sustain the CHR-client interaction. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 16 CHRs on Navajo Nation. Interviews were transcribed and coded according to relevant themes...
January 9, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062472/is-having-a-family-member-with-chronic-health-concerns-bad-for-young-people-s-health-cross-sectional-evidence-from-a-national-survey-of-young-australians
#7
Anna K Moffat, Gerry Redmond
OBJECTIVES: Young people's perspectives on the association between having a family member with a chronic health concern (FHC) and their own health are under-researched. This study used young people's reports to assess the prevalence of FHCs and their association with negative health outcomes, with an aim of identifying potential inequalities between marginalised and non-marginalised young people. Family cohesion was examined as a moderating factor. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the Australian Child Wellbeing Project survey were used...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057511/principles-and-strategies-for-improving-the-prevention-of-cardio-metabolic-diseases-in-indigenous-populations-an-international-delphi-study
#8
Lee Stoner, Anna G Matheson, Lane G Perry, Michelle A Williams, Alexandra McManus, Maureen Holdaway, Lyn Dimer, Jennie R Joe, Andrew Maiorana
The disparity in life expectancy between Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations, including within high-income countries, is driven by a heightened risk of cardio-metabolic diseases. The current study recruited independent panels of experts in Indigenous cardio-metabolic health from Australia, New Zealand and the United States, in order to establish local consensus opinion and initiate dialogue on appropriate prevention strategies. Therefore, a three-round Delphi process was used to consolidate and compare the opinions of 60 experts, 20 from each country...
January 2, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056975/impact-of-medical-student-origins-on-the-likelihood-of-ultimately-practicing-in-areas-of-low-vs-high-socio-economic-status
#9
Ian B Puddey, Denese E Playford, Annette Mercer
INTRODUCTION: Medical schools are in general over-represented by students from high socio-economic status backgrounds. The University of Western Australia Medical School has been progressively widening the participation of students from a broader spectrum of the community both through expanded selection criteria and quota-based approaches for students of rural, indigenous and other socio-educationally disadvantaged backgrounds. We proposed that medical students entering medical school from such backgrounds would ultimately be more likely to practice in areas of increased socio-economic disadvantage...
January 5, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056974/an-evaluation-of-the-telehealth-facilitation-of-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-care-in-remote-australian-indigenous-communities-protocol-for-the-telehealth-eye-and-associated-medical-services-network-teamsnet-project-a-pre-post-study-design
#10
Laima Brazionis, Alicia Jenkins, Anthony Keech, Chris Ryan, Sven-Erik Bursell
BACKGROUND: Despite substantial investment in detection, early intervention and evidence-based treatments, current management strategies for diabetes-associated retinopathy and cardiovascular disease are largely based on real-time and face-to-face approaches. There are limited data re telehealth facilitation in type 2 diabetes management. Therefore, we aim to investigate efficacy of telehealth facilitation of diabetes and cardiovascular disease care in high-risk vulnerable Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in remote/very remote Australia...
January 5, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056457/personalised-medicine-a-new-approach-to-improving-health-in-indigenous-australian-populations
#11
Kym M Rae, Steve Grimson, Kirsty G Pringle
Personalised medicine is a newly emerging field with much to offer to all populations in improved clinical treatment options. Since the 1970s, clinicians and researchers have all been working towards improving the health of Indigenous Australians. However, there has been little research on the impact of genetics on Indigenous health, how genetic and environmental factors interact to contribute to poor health in Indigenous people, and how genetic factors specific to Indigenous people affect their responses to particular treatments...
January 6, 2017: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054417/aboriginal-prisoners-and-cognitive-impairment-the-impact-of-dual-disadvantage-on-social-and-emotional-wellbeing
#12
S M Shepherd, J R P Ogloff, D Shea, J E Pfeifer, Y Paradies
BACKGROUND: Negligible information is available regarding the Social and Emotional Wellbeing (SEWB) needs of Aboriginal Australian individuals in custody with cognitive impairment. This is problematic given that Aboriginal people with cognitive impairment often experience dual disadvantage in the context of the justice system. This study sought to ascertain the relationship between cognitive impairment and mental health/cultural needs (SEWB) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in custody...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052445/acute-rheumatic-fever-and-exposure-to-poor-housing-conditionsin-new-zealand-a-descriptive-study
#13
Jane R Oliver, Nevil Pierse, Niki Stefanogiannis, Catherine Jackson, Michael G Baker
AIM: Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is an important public health problem in low- and middle-income countries and in certain populations in high-income countries. Indigenous Australians, and New Zealand Māori and Pacific people, have incidence rates among the highest in the world. We aimed to investigate ARF cases' housing conditions and sore throat treatment to identify opportunities for improving ARF prevention in New Zealand. METHODS: Recently diagnosed cases and their care givers were interviewed...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045990/the-prevalence-of-self-reported-diabetes-in-the-australian-national-eye-health-survey
#14
Stuart Keel, Joshua Foreman, Jing Xie, Peter van Wijngaarden, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
OBJECTIVE: To present the prevalence of self-reported diabetes in Indigenous and non-Indigenous participants in the National Eye Health Survey. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: 3098 non-Indigenous Australians aged 50-98 years and 1738 Indigenous Australians aged 40-92 years were examined in 30 randomly selected sites, stratified by remoteness. A history of diabetes was obtained using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. RESULTS: 13.91% (431/3098) of non-Indigenous Australians and 37...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043569/strain-differentiation-of-13-indigenous-mycobacterium-bovis-isolates-from-infected-cattle-by-restriction-fragment-length-polymorphism-analysis
#15
Shima Rezaee, Naheed Mojgani, Nader Mosavari, Mehrdad Hashmi
Mycobacterium bovis is mainly detected in cattle throughout the world. This bacterium is considered the main causative agent of tuberculosis in man and animals. M. bovis is also reported to be endemic in badgers and in farmed and feral deer. The disease caused by M. bovis is a slow progressive disease with clinical signs not apparent until late in the disease process. key factors for effective control of tuberculosis includes rapid detection, adequate therapy, and contact tracing to halt further transmission...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043223/australian-vaccine-preventable-disease-epidemiological-review-series-influenza-2006-to-2015
#16
Jean Li-Kim-Moy, Jiehui Kevin Yin, Cyra Patel, Frank H Beard, Clayton Chiu, Kristine K Macartney, Peter B McIntyre
INTRODUCTION: Influenza is a major contributor to the preventable health burden of Australians each year. The National Immunisation Program provides influenza vaccine for those at highest risk of severe disease. This review of influenza epidemiology examines current data on influenza disease burden in Australia, in the context of several comparable countries having programs with much broader eligibility for influenza vaccine in children. METHODS: Influenza notifications (2006-2015), hospitalisations, and deaths (2006-2013) were sourced and age-specific rates calculated...
December 24, 2016: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034998/the-methodological-quality-and-effectiveness-of-technology-based-smoking-cessation-interventions-for-disadvantaged-groups-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Veronica C Boland, Emily A Stockings, Richard P Mattick, Hayden McRobbie, Jamie Brown, Ryan J Courtney
AIMS: To assess the methodological quality and effectiveness of technology-based smoking cessation interventions in disadvantaged groups. METHOD: Four databases (EMBASE, Cochrane, Medline, and PsycInfo) were searched for studies conducted from 1980- May 2016. Randomised controlled trials that compared a behavioural smoking cessation intervention delivered primarily through a technology-based platform (e.g. mobile phone) with a no-intervention comparison group among disadvantaged smokers were included...
December 29, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027812/new-psychoactive-substances-nps-on-cryptomarket-fora-an-exploratory-study-of-characteristics-of-forum-activity-between-nps-buyers-and-vendors
#18
Marie Claire Van Hout, Evelyn Hearne
BACKGROUND: The continual diversification of new psychoactive substances (NPS) circumventing legislation creates a public health and law enforcement challenge, and one particularly challenged by availability on Hidden Web cryptomarkets. METHODS: This is the first study of its kind which aimed to explore and characterise cryptomarket forum members' views and perspectives on NPS vendors and products within the context of Hidden Web community dynamics. An internal site search was conducted on two cryptomarkets popular with NPS vendors and hosting fora; Alphabay and Valhalla, using the search terms of 40 popular NPS in the seven categories of stimulant/cathinone; GABA activating; hallucinogen, dissociative, cannabinoid, opioid and other/unspecified/uncategorised NPS...
December 24, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027668/social-determinants-of-health-and-retention-in-hiv-care-in-a-clinical-cohort-in-ontario-canada
#19
Beth Rachlis, Ann N Burchell, Sandra Gardner, Lucia Light, Janet Raboud, Tony Antoniou, Jean Bacon, Anita Benoit, Curtis Cooper, Claire Kendall, Mona Loutfy, Wendy Wobeser, Frank McGee, Anita Rachlis, Sean B Rourke
: Continuous HIV care supports antiretroviral therapy initiation and adherence, and prolongs survival. We investigated the association of social determinants of health (SDH) and subsequent retention in HIV care in a clinical cohort in Ontario, Canada. The Ontario HIV Treatment Network Cohort Study is a multi-site cohort of patients at 10 HIV clinics. Data were collected from medical charts, interviews, and via record linkage with the provincial public health laboratory for viral load tests...
December 27, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026704/moving-toward-holistic-wellness-empowerment-and-self-determination-for-indigenous-peoples-in-canada-can-traditional-indigenous-health-care-practices-increase-ownership-over-health-and-health-care-decisions
#20
Monique Auger, Teresa Howell, Tonya Gomes
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to understand the role that traditional Indigenous health care practices can play in increasing individual-level self-determination over health care and improving health outcomes for urban Indigenous peoples in Canada. METHODS: This project took place in Vancouver, British Columbia and included the creation and delivery of holistic workshops to engage community members (n = 35) in learning about aspects of traditional health care practices...
December 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
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