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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641361/maternal-alcohol-use-disorder-and-risk-of-child-contact-with-the-justice-system-in-western-australia-a-population-cohort-record-linkage-study
#1
Katherine Hafekost, David Lawrence, Colleen O'Leary, Carol Bower, James Semmens, Stephen R Zubrick
BACKGROUND: Early contact with the justice system is associated with a multitude of negative outcomes across the life course. This includes an increased risk of ongoing justice contact, social disadvantage and marginalization, and mental health and substance use issues. Children whose mothers have an alcohol use disorder may be at risk of early justice system contact, and we sought to quantify this relationship in a Western Australian cohort. METHODS: This population cohort study made use of linked administrative data...
June 22, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639719/understanding-indigenous-patient-attendance-a-qualitative-study
#2
Stephen Copeland, Josephine Muir, Angus Turner
OBJECTIVE: To better understand Indigenous patient non-attendance at medical specialty appointments by learning from the patients attending their scheduled outreach ophthalmology clinic appointment. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A qualitative study using face-to-face, semi-structured interviews with 69 Indigenous Australian ophthalmology patients and 8 clinic workers at one urban and one rural Aboriginal Medical Service (AMS) over the period from April 2015 to November 2015...
June 22, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639074/worsening-trends-in-analgesics-recommended-for-spinal-pain-in-primary-care
#3
Stephanie Mathieson, Lisa Valenti, Christopher G Maher, Helena Britt, Qiang Li, Andrew J McLachlan, Chung-Wei Christine Lin
PURPOSE: Limited evidence exists on secular trends of analgesics for spinal pain. We investigated general practitioner's (GP) recommendations of analgesic medicines for spinal pain and investigated characteristics associated with their recommendation. METHODS: We accessed data on spinal pain consultations from the Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health (BEACH) database, a nationally representative database on GP activity in Australia. Data extracted included consultation details and management provided...
June 21, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633120/heatwave-and-infants-hospital-admissions-under-different-heatwave-definitions
#4
Zhiwei Xu, James Lewis Crooks, Deborah Black, Wenbiao Hu, Shilu Tong
OBJECTIVES: Data on the health impacts of heatwaves in infants are limited, and this study aimed to examine how heatwaves affect hospital admissions in infants. METHODS: A quasi-Poisson generalized additive model was used to assess the effects of heatwaves on hospital admissions in infants from 1st January 2005 to 31st December 2015 in Brisbane, Australia, using a series of heatwave definitions after controlling for possible confounders. A case-only analysis was conducted to examine the possible modification effects of personal and community characteristics on the heatwaves effects on infants' hospital admissions...
June 17, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627404/pattern-and-outcome-of-heart-failure-related-hospitalization-over-5-years-in-a-remote-australian-population-a-retrospective-administrative-data-cohort-of-617-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-cases
#5
Camilla Tuttle, Matthew Reeves, Ta-Chi Zhong Hu, Ashley K Keates, Stephen Brady, Graeme Maguire, Simon Stewart
AIMS: To understand the pattern and outcomes for heart failure (HF) related hospitalization among Indigenous and non-Indigenous patients living in Central Australia. METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective analysis of administrative data for patients presenting with a primary or secondary diagnosis of HF to Central Australia's Alice Springs Hospital during 2008 to 2012 was performed. The population rate of admission and subsequent outcomes (including case-fatality and readmission) during the 5-year study period were examined...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626068/colorectal-cancer-screening-how-health-gains-and-cost-effectiveness-vary-by-ethnic-group-the-impact-on-health-inequalities-and-the-optimal-age-range-to-screen
#6
Melissa McLeod, Giorgi Kvizhinadze, Matt Boyd, Jan Barendregt, Diana Sarfati, Nick Wilson, Tony Blakely
Background Screening programmes consistently underserve indigenous populations despite a higher overall burden of cancer. In this study we explore the likely health gains and cost-effectiveness of a national colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programme for the indigenous Māori population of New Zealand (NZ). Methods A Markov model estimated: health benefits (QALYs), costs and cost-effectiveness of biennial immunochemical faecal occult blood testing (FOBTi) of 50-74 year olds, from 2011. Input parameters came from: literature reviews, the NZ Bowel Screening Programme Pilot, and NZ linked health datasets...
June 16, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625119/sociodemographic-and-health-profile-of-heterosexual-men-living-with-hiv-in-ontario-canada
#7
Kristen M Wheeler, Tony Antoniou, Sandra Gardner, Lucia Light, Ramandip Grewal, Jason Globerman, Winston Husbands, Ann N Burchell
In Ontario, Canada, the number of heterosexual men living with HIV has increased over time, yet they remain an understudied population. The study objective was to describe the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of this population, using data from a multisite clinical cohort of patients receiving HIV care. Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of men interviewed between 2010 and 2012 were compared according to their self-identified sexual orientation, followed by multivariable linear and logistic regression to assess the association of sexual orientation with CD4 cell count, viral load, hepatitis C co-infection, self-rated health, and mental health concerns after adjustment for covariates...
July 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625093/response-to-the-need-for-narrative-reflection-and-experiential-learning-in-medical-education-a-lesson-learned-through-an-urban-indigenous-health-elective
#8
Elizabeth Vilchez, Monisha Konana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621840/association-of-disease-specific-causes-of-visual-impairment-and-10-year-mortality-among-indigenous-australians-the-central-australian-ocular-health-study
#9
José Estevez, Georgia Kaidonis, Tim Henderson, Jamie E Craig, John Landers
IMPORTANCE: Visual impairment significantly impairs the length and quality of life but little is known of its impact in Indigenous Australians. BACKGROUND: To investigate the association of disease-specific causes of visual impairment with all-cause mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis. PARTICIPANTS: 1,347 Indigenous Australians aged over 40 years. METHODS: Participants visiting remote medical clinics underwent clinical examinations including visual acuity, subjective refraction and slit-lamp examination of the anterior and posterior segments...
June 16, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621659/reclaiming-indigenous-identities-culture-as-strength-against-suicide-among-indigenous-youth-in-canada
#10
Brittany Barker, Ashley Goodman, Kora DeBeck
In Canada, Indigenous youth suicide represents one of several health disparities burdening Indigenous populations, and like many other of these disparities, can be understood as an expression of societal, historical, cultural and familial trauma. As the number of Indigenous youth who take their own lives every year in Canada continues to far exceed national averages, it appears that conventional suicide prevention efforts remain ineffective among this population. A growing body of research argues that conventional interventions, largely rooted in Western individual-level behavioural change frameworks, are culturally discordant with Indigenous paradigms...
June 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620953/molecular-characterisation-of-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-thalassaemia-among-indigenous-senoi-orang-asli-communities-in-peninsular-malaysia
#11
Danny Xuan Rong Koh, Raja Zahratul Azma Raja Sabudin, Malisa Mohd Yusoff, Noor Hamidah Hussin, Rahimah Ahmad, Ainoon Othman, Endom Ismail
Thalassaemia is a public health problem in Malaysia, with each ethnic group having their own common mutations. However, there is a lack on data on the prevalence and common mutations among the indigenous people. This cross-sectional study was performed to determine the common mutations of α- and β-thalassaemia among the subethnic groups of Senoi, the largest Orang Asli group in Peninsular Malaysia. Blood samples collected from six Senoi subethnic groups were analysed for full blood count and haemoglobin analysis (HbAn)...
June 16, 2017: Annals of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619126/health-and-wellbeing-outcomes-of-programs-for-indigenous-australians-that-include-strategies-to-enable-the-expression-of-cultural-identities-a-systematic-review
#12
Sarah MacLean, Rebecca Ritte, Alister Thorpe, Shaun Ewen, Kerry Arabena
Indigenous people have long maintained that strong cultural identities are critical to health and wellbeing. The purpose of this systematic review is to examine whether interventions that entail strategies to enable expression of cultural identities for Australian Indigenous peoples are associated with measurable improvements in health and wellbeing. Peer-reviewed articles that reported quantitatively expressed health and wellbeing outcomes involving Indigenous Australian participants only were included. The cultural intervention component was defined and assessed by Indigenous researchers on the team...
June 16, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619033/social-representations-of-malaria-in-the-guna-indigenous-population-of-comarca-guna-de-madungandi-panama
#13
Lorenzo Cáceres, José E Calzada, Amanda Gabster, Josue Young, Ricardo Márquez, Rolando Torres, Margarita Griffith
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to recognize the social representation of the Guna indigenous population by identifying cultural elements related to malaria, in order to create an intercultural approach to any health intervention to control and prevent the disease. METHODS: This qualitative study has an anthropological focus that used participant observation, informal conversations, focus groups, interviews, in-depth interviews with key actors. Analyses included review, classification and categorization of interviews...
June 15, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618108/chronic-respiratory-disease-in-the-regional-and-remote-population-of-the-northern-territory-top-end-a-perspective-from-the-specialist-respiratory-outreach-service
#14
Anuk Kruavit, Melissa Fox, Rebecca Pearson, Subash Heraganahally
OBJECTIVE: To study the demographic, rates and types of chronic respiratory conditions in Indigenous and non-Indigenous patients in regional and remote communities of Northern Territory Top End, who were referred to the specialist respiratory outreach service. DESIGN: A retrospective, observational study over a 2 years period. SETTING: Remote community health clinics within the Northern Territory Top End visited by the specialist respiratory outreach team...
June 15, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616872/culture-and-healthy-lifestyles-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-role-of-food-and-physical-activity-in-three-urban-australian-indigenous-communities
#15
Ruth Crowe, Rebecca Stanley, Yasmine Probst, Anne McMahon
OBJECTIVE: 1) To explore the links between Indigenous Australian children's perspectives on culture, and healthy lifestyle behaviours. 2) To provide insight into how to approach the development of a health intervention targeting lifestyle behaviours in Australian Indigenous children. METHODS: Seven semi-structured focus groups sessions were conducted with Australian Indigenous children aged 5-12 years living on the South Coast of New South Wales. Audio-recordings were transcribed and thematic analyses were conducted and related to principles of grounded theory...
June 14, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616506/the-hookworm-ancylostoma-ceylanicum-an-emerging-public-health-risk-in-australian-tropical-rainforests-and-indigenous-communities
#16
Felicity A Smout, Lee F Skerratt, James R A Butler, Christopher N Johnson, Bradley C Congdon, R C Andrew Thompson
Ancylostoma ceylanicum is the common hookworm of domestic dogs and cats throughout Asia, and is an emerging but little understood public health risk in tropical northern Australia. We investigated the prevalence of A. ceylanicum in soil and free-ranging domestic dogs at six rainforest locations in Far North Queensland that are Indigenous Australian communities and popular tourist attractions within the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. By combining PCR-based techniques with traditional methods of hookworm species identification, we found the prevalence of hookworm in Indigenous community dogs was high (96...
June 2017: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614519/historical-and-cultural-aspects-of-the-provision-of-care-at-an-indigenous-healthcare-service-facility
#17
Aridiane Alves Ribeiro, Cássia Irene Spinelli Arantes, Dulce Maria Rosa Gualda, Lídia Aparecida Rossi
This case study aimed to interpret the underlying historical and cultural aspects of the provision of care at an indigenous healthcare service facility. This is an interpretive, case study-type research with qualitative approach, which was conducted in 2012 at the Indigenous Health Support Center (CASAI) of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected by means systematic observation, documentary analyses and semi-structured interviews with ten health professionals. Data review was performed according to an approach based on social anthropology and health anthropology...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614488/social-inequalities-in-maternal-mortality-among-the-provinces-of-ecuador
#18
Antonio Sanhueza, Jakeline Calle Roldán, Paulina Ríos-Quituizaca, Maria Cecilia Acuña, Isabel Espinosa
Objective: This study set out to describe the association between the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) estimates and a set of socioeconomic indicators and compute the MMR inequalities among the provinces of Ecuador. Methods: A cross-sectional ecological study was conducted, using data for 2014 from the country's 24 provinces. The MMR estimate was calculated for each province, as well as the association and its strength between MMR and specific socioeconomic indicators...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614451/-indigenous-peoples-access-to-health-services-in-cuiab%C3%A3-mato-grosso-state-brazil
#19
Silvana Cardoso Gomes, Monique Azevedo Esperidião
This study aimed to evaluate indigenous peoples' access to medium and high-complexity health services in the municipality of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, through the Casa de Saúde Indígena or Indigenous Peoples' Clinic (CASAI Cuiabá). A single case study with a qualitative approach was conducted at CASAI Cuiabá. Data were obtained from observation of the work routines at CASAI Cuiabá, semi-structured interviews with health professionals and administrators from the Cuiabá Special Indigenous Health District (DSEI) and CASAI Cuiabá, and document analysis...
June 12, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614445/-differences-in-mortality-between-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-persons-in-brazil-based-on-the-2010-population-census
#20
Marden Barbosa de Campos, Gabriel Mendes Borges, Bernardo Lanza Queiroz, Ricardo Ventura Santos
There have been no previous estimates on differences in adult or overall mortality in indigenous peoples in Brazil, although such indicators are extremely important for reducing social iniquities in health in this population segment. Brazil has made significant strides in recent decades to fill the gaps in data on indigenous peoples in the national statistics. The aim of this paper is to present estimated mortality rates for indigenous and non-indigenous persons in different age groups, based on data from the 2010 Population Census...
June 12, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
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