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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318640/the-prevalence-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-australian-adults-with-self-reported-diabetes-the-national-eye-health-survey
#1
Stuart Keel, Jing Xie, Joshua Foreman, Peter van Wijngaarden, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of and factors associated with diabetic retinopathy (DR) among non-Indigenous and Indigenous Australian adults with self-reported diabetes. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Non-Indigenous Australians (50-98 years of age) and Indigenous Australians (40-92 years of age) with known diabetes. METHODS: Diabetes was determined based on self-report of previous diagnosis of the disease...
March 15, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318393/pathways-to-adolescent-childbearing-among-kaqchikel-women-in-guatemala
#2
Emily Lemon, Monique Hennink, Nely Amparo Can Saquic
One-in-five children in Guatemala is born to a mother aged 15-19 years, which poses social, economic and health risks to both mother and child. In Guatemala, adolescent childbearing is directly associated with education, ethnicity and poverty, which increases vulnerability among Indigenous young women living in poverty. This study examines the context and experiences of adolescent childbearing from the perspectives of young mothers in the Kaqchikel Indigenous ethnic group of Sololá, Guatemala. Data were collected in 19 qualitative in-depth interviews with women who had given birth to one or more children when aged 15 to 19 years...
March 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317832/-variations-of-oral-fluid-microbiota-in-healthy-children-and-adolescents
#3
B N Davydov, A M Samoukina, E S Mikhailova, O A Gavrilova, Yu A Alekseeva
The aim of the study was to establish the bacterial and viral associations of saliva and the immune resistance in 127 healthy people of different ages. The analysis sorted out three variants of oral fluid microbiota differing by certain combination of indigenous and facultative microflora. It was found that with age there is a significant increase in the number of adolescents with the third variant of the microbiota, characterized by a decrease in the number of indigenous microflora and increase in opportunistic microorganisms and viruses...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317468/the-global-mental-health-movement-and-its-impact-on-traditional-healing-in-india-a-case-study-of-the-balaji-temple-in-rajasthan
#4
Anubha Sood
This article considers the impact of the global mental health discourse on India's traditional healing systems. Folk mental health traditions, based in religious lifeways and etiologies of supernatural affliction, are overwhelmingly sought by Indians in times of mental ill-health. This is despite the fact that the postcolonial Indian state has historically considered the popularity of these indigenous treatments regressive, and claimed Western psychiatry as the only mental health system befitting the country's aspirations as a modern nation-state...
December 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316899/water-quality-assessment-in-the-german-river-of-the-years-2014-2015-how-a-case-study-on-the-impact-of-a-storm-water-sedimentation-basin-displayed-impairment-of-fish-health-in-the-argen-river-southern-germany
#5
Paul Thellmann, Bertram Kuch, Karl Wurm, Heinz-R Köhler, Rita Triebskorn
BACKGROUND: The present work investigates the impact of discharges from a storm water sedimentation basin (SSB) receiving runoff from a connected motorway in southern Germany. The study lasted for almost two years and was aimed at assessing the impact of the SSB on the fauna of the Argen River, which is a tributary of Lake Constance. Two sampling sites were examined up- and downstream of the SSB effluent. A combination of different diagnostic methods (fish embryo test with the zebrafish, histopathology, micronucleus test) was applied to investigate health impairment and genotoxic effects in indigenous fish as well as embryotoxic potentials in surface water and sediment samples of the Argen River, respectively, in samples of the SSB effluent...
2017: Environmental Sciences Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316889/functional-and-health-promoting-inherent-attributes-of-enterococcus-hirae-f2-as-a-novel-probiotic-isolated-from-the-digestive-tract-of-the-freshwater-fish-catla-catla
#6
Mohd Adnan, Mitesh Patel, Sibte Hadi
BACKGROUND: Probiotic microorganisms are gaining global importance because of their use in the preparation of a nutraceutical or in the treatment of infections. As per the health industry demand, there is an urgent need for exploring new indigenous probiotic strains with its specific origin due to variation in gut microflora, different food habits and specific host-microbial interactions. The main objective of the present study was to isolate and identify a novel probiotic Enterococcus strain from the gut of Catla catla fish and evaluate its potentiality as a potent probiotic...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314573/decreased-incidence-of-end-stage-renal-disease-in-american-indians-with-diabetes-a-model-for-other-high-risk-populations
#7
Christina M Wyatt
Indigenous populations in North America have very high rates of diabetes and diabetic complications, including end-stage renal disease. A promising new report demonstrates a substantial decline in the incidence of diabetic end-stage renal disease among American Indians and Alaska Natives, coinciding with a public health intervention targeting diabetes management in this population. This success may offer a model for interventions to improve kidney disease outcomes in other high-risk populations.
April 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302556/genomics-research-for-a-new-age-examining-how-our-shared-evolutionary-history-shapes-future-disease-outcomes
#8
REVIEW
Fasil Tekola-Ayele, Emmanuel Peprah
Cardiometabolic diseases are major contributors to mortality and morbidity, and their burden displays global and regional disparities. Gene-environment interactions contribute to the pathogenesis of cardiometabolic diseases. Population differences in genetic structure, ancient environmental pressures that shape the human genome, and early life environmental adversities (e.g., in utero conditions) all contribute to observed disparities in global cardiometabolic diseases. The genetic and sociocultural diversity of global populations presents opportunities for discovering genomic loci that influence cardiometabolic diseases as illustrated by a few genetic, epigenetic, and population-genetic discoveries leading to notable understanding of disease mechanisms...
March 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301800/indigenous-peoples-experiences-and-perceptions-of-hospitalisation-for-acute-care-a-metasynthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#9
REVIEW
Vainess Mbuzi, Paul Fulbrook, Melanie Jessup
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore Indigenous people's experiences and perceptions of hospitalisation and acute care. METHODS: Systematic procedures were used for the literature search covering the period from 2000 to 2016. Final search was conducted in early September 2016. Quality of the selected studies was assessed using the Critical Appraisal Skills Program. Data extraction was conducted using the data extraction tool from the Joanna Briggs Institute...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301790/human-papillomavirus-vaccination-and-genital-warts-in-young-indigenous-australians-national-sentinel-surveillance-data
#10
Hammad Ali, Hamish McManus, Catherine C O'Connor, Denton Callander, Marlene Kong, Simon Graham, Dina Saulo, Christopher K Fairley, David G Regan, Andrew Grulich, Nicola Low, Rebecca J Guy, Basil Donovan
OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of the national human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program (available to girls and women [12-26 years] since 2007 and to boys [12-15 years] since 2013) on the number of diagnoses of genital warts in Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) people. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Analysis of routinely collected data from patients attending 39 sexual health clinics (SHCs) in the Genital Warts Surveillance Network for the first time...
March 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298694/isolation-molecular-characterization-and-screening-of-indigenous-lactobacilli-for-their-abilities-to-produce-bioactive-conjugated-linoleic-acid-cla
#11
Dinesh Kumar Dahiya, Anil Kumar Puniya
Ingestion of conjugated linoleic acid poised many health benefits; however, amount of CLA one can get through generalized diet in is inadequate in exerting the desired benefits. Therefore, presence of CLA producing lactobacilli in dairy fermented foods has a tremendous potential to increase the CLA content. Therefore, present study was focused to isolate and characterize CLA producing lactobacilli from different dairy products and human faeces. Arguably, 283 lactobacilli were isolated from various sources and tested for CLA production...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298355/the-role-of-the-microbiome-in-human-health-and-disease-an-introduction-for-clinicians
#12
REVIEW
Vincent B Young
Research into the microbiome-the indigenous microbial communities (microbiota) and the host environment that they inhabit-has changed clinicians' ideas about microbes in human health and disease. Perhaps the most radical change is the realization that most of the microbes that inhabit our body supply crucial ecosystem services that benefit the entire host-microbe system. These services include the production of important resources, bioconversion of nutrients, and protection against pathogenic microbes. Thus disease can result from a loss of beneficial functions or the introduction of maladaptive functions by invading microbes...
March 15, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291599/county-level-population-economic-status-and-medicare-imaging-resource-consumption
#13
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Danny R Hughes, Anand M Prabhakar, Richard Duszak
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess relationships between county-level variation in Medicare beneficiary imaging resource consumption and measures of population economic status. METHODS: The 2013 CMS Geographic Variation Public Use File was used to identify county-level per capita Medicare fee-for-service imaging utilization and nationally standardized costs to the Medicare program. The County Health Rankings public data set was used to identify county-level measures of population economic status...
March 10, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288633/expectations-of-health-care-quality-among-rural-maya-villagers-in-solol%C3%A3-department-guatemala-a-qualitative-analysis
#14
Matthew Ippolito, Anita Chary, Michael Daniel, Joaquin Barnoya, Anne Monroe, Michelle Eakin
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations in Latin America have worse health outcomes than their nonindigenous counterparts. Differences in access to and use of biomedical resources may explain some of the observed disparities. Efforts to address these differences could be aided in part by better understanding the socio-medical contexts in which they occur. METHODS: We performed a qualitative analysis of field notes collected during a 2008 program evaluation of a health post in a rural Maya village in Sololá Department, Guatemala...
March 14, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278404/infectious-diseases-notification-practices-victoria-2013
#15
Katherine B Gibney, Lucinda J Franklin, Nicola Stephens
INTRODUCTION: Infectious disease notification practices in Victoria were reviewed to identify areas for potential improvement. METHODS: Confirmed or probable cases of certain infectious diseases required to be notified to the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Victoria in 2013, excluding elevated blood lead, foodborne or water-borne illness with 2 or more related cases and chlamydial infection, were analysed according to: notification source of doctor ± laboratory vs...
September 30, 2016: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278023/the-health-of-romanian-gypsy-women-in-serbia
#16
Kathryn Coe, Jelena Čvorović
Indigenous people are over-represented among the world's disadvantaged; their health is influenced by lack of access to critical resources including health care and by their cultural practices. We report on the health and the health practices of one group of indigenous women, the Roma/Gypsies of northern Serbia who live in poverty, reside in sub-standardized housing in segregated communities, and are poorly educated and stigmatized. We describe the environment in which they live, their health history, and the cultural practices that influence their health and health behaviors, including their sporadic utilization of health services that are provided by the state...
April 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273263/-chronic-undernourishment-in-school-aged-children-itineraries-of-nutritional-neglect-and-official-programs-in-indigenous-communities-of-guerrero-mexico
#17
Paul Hersch-Martínez, Julio Pisanty-Alatorre
Through the analysis of different elements of the nutritional dynamics in a predominantly indigenous municipality in Guerrero, Mexico, we explore the relevance of the concept of itineraries of nutritional neglect in order to broaden the understanding of avoidable health damage. In the framework of a process of accompaniment of the Health Commission of the Regional Coordination of Community Authorities - Community Police, the following methodological strategies were applied throughout the year 2015: a) a review of official programs by means of the analysis of technical documents and interviews with health personnel; b) the compilation of local narratives from families of undernourished children through interviews and participatory observation; c) the somatometric measurement of 151 children in three elementary schools...
October 2016: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273035/the-association-of-household-food-security-household-characteristics-and-school-environment-with-obesity-status-among-off-reserve-first-nations-and-m%C3%A3-tis-children-and-youth-in-canada-results-from-the-2012-aboriginal-peoples-survey
#18
Jasmin Bhawra, Martin J Cooke, Yanling Guo, Piotr Wilk
INTRODUCTION: Indigenous children are twice as likely to be classified as obese and three times as likely to experience household food insecurity when compared with non- Indigenous Canadian children. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between food insecurity and weight status among Métis and off-reserve First Nations children and youth across Canada. METHODS: We obtained data on children and youth aged 6 to 17 years (n = 6900) from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey...
March 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270174/aerobic-capacity-and-future-cardiovascular-risk-in-indian-community-from-a-low-income-area-in-cauca-colombia
#19
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Jeison Alexander Ramos-Sepúlveda, Carlos Andrés Piñeros-Álvarez, Lorena Isabel Giraldo, Mikel Izquierdo, Antonio García-Hermoso, Fernando Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Carlos Cristi-Montero
BACKGROUND: Several studies indicates that children's aerobic capacity levels are predictors of the future risk of non-communicable diseases. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish the proportion of subjects whose aerobic capacity is indicative of future cardiovascular risk in Indian-Nasa community from a low-income area in Cauca, Colombia. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of morphological component (height, weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, triceps skinfold, subscapular skinfold, and body fat percent [BF%]), and the cardiorespiratory component (course-navette 20 m, shuttle run test and estimation of maximal oxygen consumption by indirect VO2max) from 576 participants (319 boys and 257 girls) aged 10 to 17...
March 7, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264485/effect%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-25-%C3%A2-sodium%C3%A2-reduction%C3%A2-on%C3%A2-sales%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-top-selling%C3%A2-bread%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-remote%C3%A2-indigenous%C3%A2-australian%C3%A2-community%C3%A2-stores-%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-controlled%C3%A2-intervention%C3%A2-trial
#20
Emma McMahon, Jacqui Webster, Julie Brimblecombe
Reducing sodium in the food supply is key to achieving population salt targets, but maintaining sales is important to ensuring commercial viability and maximising clinical impact. We investigated whether 25% sodium reduction in a top-selling bread affected sales in 26 remote Indigenous community stores. After a 23-week baseline period, 11 control stores received the regular-salt bread (400 mg Na/100 g) and 15 intervention stores received the reduced-salt version (300 mg Na/100 g) for 12-weeks. Sales data were collected to examine difference between groups in change from baseline to follow-up (effect size) in sales (primary outcome) or sodium density, analysed using a mixed model...
February 28, 2017: Nutrients
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