keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Skin infections

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908958/antifungal-drug-ciclopirox-olamine-reduces-hsv-1-replication-and-disease-in-mice
#1
Kaelin M Bernier, Lynda A Morrison
Herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 and HSV-2 cause painful blisters and shallow ulcers in exposed skin and mucosae during primary or recurrent infection. In addition, recurrent and potentially blinding HSV-1 infections of the eye afflict nearly half a million persons in the U.S. Current clinical therapies rely on nucleoside analog drugs such as acyclovir (ACV) or ganciclovir to ameliorate primary infections and reduce the frequency and duration of reactivations. However, these treatments do not fully suppress viral shedding and drug-resistant mutants develop in the eye and in vulnerable, immunosuppressed patients...
June 14, 2018: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908759/cutibacterium-acnes-and-the-shoulder-microbiome
#2
Boyang Qiu, Kait Al, Ana M Pena-Diaz, George S Athwal, Darren Drosdowech, Kenneth J Faber, Jeremy P Burton, David B O'Gorman
BACKGROUND: Advances in DNA sequencing technologies have made it possible to detect microbial genome sequences (microbiomes) within tissues once thought to be sterile. We used this approach to gain insights into the likely sources of Cutibacterium acnes (formerly Propionibacterium acnes) infections within the shoulder. METHODS: Tissue samples were collected from the skin, subcutaneous fat, anterior supraspinatus tendon, middle glenohumeral ligament, and humeral head cartilage of 23 patients (14 male and 9 female patients) during primary arthroplasty surgery...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908574/traditional-and-ethnobotanical-dermatology-practices-in-myanmar
#3
Myat Sanda Kyaw, Min Min Aye, Madison Grinnell, Morgan Rabach
Skin maladies affect populations worldwide and can have a vast range of clinical manifestations, signs, and complications, including infection, pain, or even stigma for sufferers due to their visibility. Both modern health infrastructure and indigenous systems offer solutions for patients. This contribution provides an overview of the dermatologic uses for Thanatka, a plant that is used topically in Myanmar to treat a myriad of skin diseases. Indigenous to Myanmar, the trees used to produce Thanatka are also present in India, Sri Lanka, Java, and Pakistan...
May 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907621/heroin-use-is-associated-with-aa-type-kidney-amyloidosis-in-the-pacific-northwest
#4
Arjun Sharma, Priyanka Govindan, Mirna Toukatly, Jack Healy, Connor Henry, Steve Senter, Behzad Najafian, Bryan Kestenbaum
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: AA-type kidney amyloidosis is classically associated with chronic autoimmune or inflammatory disorders. However, some urban centers have reported a high prevalence of injection drug use among patients with kidney AA amyloidosis. Previous reports lack control groups to quantify associations and most predate the opioid epidemic in the United States. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a case-control study of 38 patients with biopsy-confirmed kidney AA amyloidosis and 72 matched control individuals without this condition from two large hospital systems in Seattle, Washington...
June 15, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907449/high-risk-staphylococcus-aureus-transmission-in-the-operating-room-a-call-for-widespread-improvements-in-perioperative-hand-hygiene-and-patient-decolonization-practices
#5
Randy W Loftus, Franklin Dexter, Alysha D M Robinson
BACKGROUND: Increased awareness of the epidemiology of transmission of pathogenic bacterial strain characteristics may help to improve compliance with intraoperative infection control measures. Our aim was to characterize the epidemiology of intraoperative transmission of high-risk Staphylococcus aureus sequence types (STs). METHODS: S aureus isolates collected from 3 academic medical centers underwent whole cell genome analysis, analytical profile indexing, and biofilm absorbance...
June 12, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907429/comprehensive-approach-to-reestablishing-form-and-function-after-radical-parotidectomy
#6
Peter J Ciolek, Brandon L Prendes, Michael A Fritz
INTRODUCTION: The reconstructive goals following radical parotidectomy include restoration of symmetry, reanimation of the face, and reestablishment of oral competence. We present our experience utilizing the anterolateral thigh (ALT) free flap, orthodromic temporalis tendon transfer (OTTT), and facial nerve cable grafting to reestablish form and function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 2010 to 2016, 17 patients underwent radical parotidectomy followed by immediate reconstruction...
June 7, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907191/molecular-characterization-and-allergenicity-potential-of-triosephosphate-isomerase-from-sarcoptes-scabiei
#7
Ran He, Haojie Zhang, Nengxing Shen, Cheng Guo, Yongjun Ren, Yue Xie, Xiaobin Gu, Weimin Lai, Xuerong Peng, Guangyou Yang
Scabies is an allergic skin disease that affects millions of mammals worldwide, including humans. It is a neglected tropical disease that represents a significant public health threat, particularly in economically disadvantaged populations. An effective vaccine is not currently available, and the exact mode of pathogenesis remains unclear. Herein, we identified, cloned and recombinantly expressed triosephosphate isomerase from Sarcoptes scabiei (S. scabiei). Immunohistochemical analyses showed that S. scabiei triosephosphate isomerase (Ss-TIM) is localized in the legs and chewing mouthparts of mites, and in infected rabbit skin (keratinized skin and embedded mites)...
June 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906789/new-and-noteworthy-in-tuberculosis-diagnostics-and-treatment
#8
Susan Swindells
People with HIV infection with latent tuberculosis (TB) infection (LTBI) are at a 10-fold greater risk of developing active disease. Interferon gamma release assays and tuberculin skin testing have approximately 65% to 70% specificity for diagnosing LTBI in HIV-infected patients. LTBI can be successfully treated with isoniazid preventive therapy and early antiretroviral therapy (ART). Rapid molecular diagnostics have approximately 88% sensitivity and 98% specificity for identifying active TB. ART should be started early in patients with TB...
June 2018: Topics in Antiviral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906512/mechanisms-of-fibronectin-binding-protein-a-fnbpa-110-263-vaccine-efficacy-in-staphylococcus-aureus-sepsis-versus-skin-infection
#9
Rui Zhang, Sun Li, Xiao-Kai Zhang, Yu Wang, Liu-Yang Yang, Hao Zeng, Da-Peng Yan, Quan-Ming Zou, Qian-Fei Zuo
Increasing rates of life-threatening infections and decreasing susceptibility to antibiotics urge an effective vaccine targeting Staphylococcus aureus. Here we investigate the role of cellular immunity in FnBPA110-263 mediated protection in Staphylococcus aureus infection. This study revealed FnBPA110-263 broadly protected mice from seven FnBPA isotypes strains in the sepsis model. FnBPA110-263 immunized B-cell deficient mice were protected against lethal challenge, while T-cell deficient mice were not. Reconstituting mice with FnBPA110-263 specific CD4+ T-cells conferred antigen specific protection...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905921/pediatric-inpatient-and-emergency-dermatology-consultations-a-5-year-retrospective-analysis
#10
Mariana Cruz-Manzano, Cristina N Brau-Javier, Sheila Valentín-Nogueras, Luz D Figueroa-Guzmán
OBJECTIVE: To characterize and analyze the inpatient and emergency pediatric dermatology consults in our academic hospital center. METHODS: We reviewed 485 consultations that were done by the University of Puerto Rico Department of Dermatology from July 2007 to June 2012. The date, patient age and gender, consulting service, presumptive diagnosis, final diagnosis, and diagnostic procedures performed were documented for each consult. RESULTS: The patients' ages ranged from newborn to 18 years; the 13 to 18 years age group was the most common (29%)...
June 2018: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905162/piscine-mycobacteriosis-involvement-of-bacterial-species-and-reflection-in-pathology
#11
C Keller, C Wenker, T Jermann, R Hirschi, B Schildger, R Meier, H Schmidt-Posthaus
Piscine mycobacteriosis is a lethal disease with zoonotic potential, found worldwide in both fresh and marine fish. More than 20 strains of Mycobacterium spp. are known to persist in fish so far, but the pathogenicity is currently unknown for most of them. However, M. marinum is reported as one of the most pathogenic agents for fish and is involved in zoonotic cases. We examined 47 different cases from two zoological gardens, where fish tuberculosis was identified or previously suspected during the last ten years...
June 2018: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905059/-current-progress-of-laser-assisted-cartilage-reshaping-for-prominent-ear
#12
REVIEW
Fengfeng Guo, Xiaobo Yu, Haiyue Jiang
Objective: To summarize the current progress of laser-assisted cartilage reshaping (LACR) for prominent ear. Methods: The domestic and abroad article concerning the LACR in treatment of prominent ear was reviewed and analyzed. Results: As a new technique, there were three types of LACR therapies that been used for prominent ear. LACR with the 1 064 nm Nd/YAG laser is painful and the penetration depth of the 1 064 nm Nd/YAG laser is greater than that of the 1540 nm Er/Glass laser which is caused more tissue injury...
June 1, 2018: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905016/examining-the-july-effect-on-patients-undergoing-pituitary-surgery
#13
Bassel Bashjawish, Shreya Patel, Suat Kılıç, Wayne D Hsueh, James K Liu, Soly Baredes, Jean Anderson Eloy
BACKGROUND: Our aim in this study was to assess the impact of the turnover of residents in July on patients undergoing pituitary surgery. METHODS: This work was a retrospective cohort study of cases from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS). Patients who underwent pituitary surgery from 2005 to 2012 were selected in the NIS. Patients undergoing surgery in July and in non-July months were compared to determine differences in demographics, comorbidities, and complications...
June 15, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904969/mucormycotic-parotitis-and-otitis-causing-facial-nerve-palsy-in-a-diabetic-patient
#14
Debasis Gochhait, Arun Alexender, Priyadarshini Dehuri, Vidhyalakshmi Rangarajan, Sajini Elizabeth Jacob, Neelaiah Siddaraju
Isolated invasive Mucormycosis of the parotid gland is rarely reported in the literature (1). Mucormycosis most commonly manifests as rhino-oculocerebral and pulmonary infections in the patients with altered immunity (uncontrolled Diabetes mellitus, recipients of immunosupressive therapy and underlying hematological malignancies) (2). Rarely, it causes infection in the immunocompetent individuals (3) with the involvement of unusual sites like gastrointestinal tract, ear, soft tissue and skin (4, 5). This article is protected by copyright...
June 15, 2018: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904578/early-clearance-versus-control-what-is-the-meaning-of-a-negative-tuberculin-skin-test-or-interferon-gamma-release-assay-following-exposure-to-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#15
REVIEW
Erin W Meermeier, David M Lewinsohn
The elimination of tuberculosis (TB) cannot reasonably be achieved by treatment of individual cases and will require an improved vaccine or immunotherapy. A challenge in developing an improved TB vaccine has been the lack of understanding what is needed to generate sterilizing immunity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection. Several epidemiological observations support the hypothesis that humans can eradicate Mtb following exposure. This has been termed early clearance and is defined as elimination of Mtb infection prior to the development of an adaptive immune response, as measured by a tuberculin skin test or interferon-gamma release assay...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904567/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-in-patients-with-skin-diseases-including-psoriasis-infections-and-atopic-dermatitis
#16
Ulrich Amon, Laura Baier, Raul Yaguboglu, Madeleine Ennis, Michael F Holick, Julian Amon
The pathogenetic role of vitamin D as well as its clinical correlation in inflammatory skin diseases is still uncertain. This study aimed to compare serum levels of 25(OH) vitamin D (calcidiol) in outpatients suffering from different skin diseases using the same laboratory method in one study. In routine serum samples of 1,532 patients from the previous 12 months we identified retrospectively 180 (mean age 49.4 years, 80 female, 100 male) and 205 (mean age 36.3 years, 116 female, 89 male) patients with psoriasis (PSO) and atopic dermatitis (AD), respectively...
2018: Dermato-endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903511/non-inferiority-of-open-passive-drains-compared-with-closed-suction-drains-in-pancreatic-surgery-outcomes-a-prospective-observational-study
#17
Giovanni Marchegiani, Giampaolo Perri, Alessandra Pulvirenti, Elisabetta Sereni, Anna Maria Azzini, Giuseppe Malleo, Roberto Salvia, Claudio Bassi
BACKGROUND: Policies concerning the management of operatively placed drains after pancreatic surgery are still under debate. Open passive drains and closed-suction drains are both used currently in clinical practice worldwide, but there are no reliable data regarding potential differences in the postoperative outcomes associated with each drain type. The aim of the present study was to compare open passive drains and closed-suction drains with regard to postoperative contamination of the drainage fluid and overall morbidity and mortality...
June 11, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903348/invasive-procedures-associated-with-the-development-of-infective-endocarditis
#18
Imre Janszky, Katalin Gémes, Staffan Ahnve, Hilmir Asgeirsson, Jette Möller
BACKGROUND: Various invasive medical procedures might induce bacteremia and, hence, act as triggers for infective endocarditis. However, empirical data in humans on the potential dangers of invasive medical procedures in this regard are very sparse. Due to lack of sufficient data, it is currently debated whether the risk for endocarditis with medical procedures is substantial or rather negligible. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this nationwide case-crossover study was to quantify the excess risk for infective endocarditis in association with invasive medical and surgical procedures...
June 19, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901804/variability-in-management-of-patients-with-sjs-ten-a-survey-of-burn-unit-directors
#19
Emily B Richard, Diana Hamer, Mandi W Musso, Tracee Short, Hollis R O'Neal
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are rare, type IV hypersensitivity reactions of the skin and mucosa. These reactions (SJS/TEN) are frequently managed in burn units; however, no standardized guidelines exist for the treatment and management of SJS/TEN. To gain insight into current SJS/TEN management practices, a survey on admission, diagnosis, and management, was conducted across accredited burn units in the United States. A 28-item question survey on SJS/TEN management, diagnosis, and treatment practices was distributed among medical directors and co-directors of American Burn Association-verified burn centers...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901604/skin-avulsion-injuries-caused-by-the-application-of-adhesive-drapes-during-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#20
Bin Yang, Chuanzhi Xiong, Zhihua Lu, Jingcheng Wang
RATIONALE: The use of adhesive drapes has decreased the incidence of surgical-site infections. PATIENT CONCERNS: Despite the obvious benefits of the proper use of drapes, there remain many potential risks. DIAGNOSE: A 66-year-old man with a history of left knee osteoarthritis and varus deformity underwent total knee arthroplasty at our hospital, upon removal of the adhesive drape by delicate peeling and warm saline lavage, a large area of the skin avulsion happened...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
keyword
keyword
100736
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"