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Paediatric exercise science

Gabriel Hundeshagen, David N Herndon, Robert P Clayton, Paul Wurzer, Alexis McQuitty, Kristofer Jennings, Ludwik Branski, Vanessa N Collins, Nicole Ribeiro Marques, Celeste C Finnerty, Oscar E Suman, Michael P Kinsky
Background: Sepsis, trauma, and burn injury acutely depress systolic and diastolic cardiac function; data on long-term cardiac sequelae of pediatric critical illness are sparse. This study evaluated long-term systolic and diastolic function, myocardial fibrosis, and exercise tolerance in survivors of severe pediatric burn injury. Methods: Subjects at least 5 years after severe burn (post-burn:PB) and age-matched healthy controls (HC) underwent echocardiography to quantify systolic function (ejection fraction[EF%]), diastolic function (E/e'), and myocardial fibrosis (calibrated integrated backscatter) of the left ventricle...
December 2017: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
L C Lopes-Júnior, E O Bomfim, L C Nascimento, M D R Nunes, G Pereira-da-Silva, R A G Lima
Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is the most stressful and prevalent symptom in paediatric oncology patients. This integrative review aimed to identify, analyse and synthesise the evidence of non-pharmacological intervention studies to manage fatigue and psychological stress in a paediatric population with cancer. Eight electronic databases were used for the search: PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, LILACS, EMBASE, SCOPUS, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Library. Initially, 273 articles were found; after the exclusion of repeated articles, reading of the titles, abstracts and the full articles, a final sample of nine articles was obtained...
November 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
Patty Coker-Bolt, Stephanie C DeLuca, Sharon L Ramey
Hospitals and therapists in developing countries often seek to learn how to deliver new forms of evidenced-based practice (EBP), including paediatric constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT). This study examines a partnership implemented in Ethiopia, which trained therapists in CIMT and proposes a framework for sustainable EBP training. The aim of this study is to apply a translational and implementation framework to build capacity for CIMT in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, that included intensive in-country training and hands-on delivery with patients, followed by clinical implementation and feedback...
September 2015: Occupational Therapy International
A D Falconer
At the University of Nottingham, students are taught aspects of reproductive biology throughout the Part I Basic Medical Science Course. Teachers from the Departments of Physiology and Pharmacology, Human Morphology, Biochemistry, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, and Psychiatry are involved, and an obstetrician in training (the author) has been appointed full-time lecturer in Physiology and Pharmacology to provide an additional link between the basic science and clinical content of the course. The Part II course includes an Honours Year, to give students an opportunity to explore further the application of scientific method in clinical practice...
1982: Medical Teacher
Rhodri S Lloyd, Avery D Faigenbaum, Michael H Stone, Jon L Oliver, Ian Jeffreys, Jeremy A Moody, Clive Brewer, Kyle C Pierce, Teri M McCambridge, Rick Howard, Lee Herrington, Brian Hainline, Lyle J Micheli, Rod Jaques, William J Kraemer, Michael G McBride, Thomas M Best, Donald A Chu, Brent A Alvar, Gregory D Myer
The current manuscript has been adapted from the official position statement of the UK Strength and Conditioning Association on youth resistance training. It has subsequently been reviewed and endorsed by leading professional organisations within the fields of sports medicine, exercise science and paediatrics. The authorship team for this article was selected from the fields of paediatric exercise science, paediatric medicine, physical education, strength and conditioning and sports medicine.
April 2014: British Journal of Sports Medicine
A P Knowlden, M Sharma
The family and home environment is a highly influential psychosocial antecedent of paediatric obesity. The purpose of this investigation was to systematically analyze family and home-based randomized control trials aimed at treating overweight and obesity in children ages 2-7 years. In gathering materials for this review, a search of Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health, MEDLINE, Education Resources Information Center, Psychology and Behavioural Sciences Collection and CENTRAL databases was conducted for the time frame of January 2001 to August 2011...
June 2012: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
M Scaillon
The enteric nervous system exercises a key role on the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) motility, sensibility, secretions and absorption. This "Little brain of the gut" consists of numerous autonomic neurones located in the GIT, influenced by luminal and intrinsic factors. A new science, the neurogastroenterology, explores the modulation of the GIT functions and the interactions between the central, autonomic and enteric nervous systems forming the brain-gut axis. It works to understand the role of the glial and Cajal's cells, of chemical mediators, hazards of the GIT ontology, influence of inflammation stress and early childhood environment...
2006: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
Suzi Penny, Jenny Carryer
This viewpoint is written from the dual perspectives of a metabolic biochemist and a nurse academic who met at the Oxford University Round Table Forum on Obesity in 2008. Forty invited participants from around the world spent a week presenting and debating research and practice in the area of obesity. A unique feature of this forum was that it was cross-disciplinary with participants ranging from those working in public health with a background in medicine, paediatrics, nutrition, nursing, education, policy analysis, behaviour and social sciences, and exercise physiology to those working in the food industry and health insurance...
February 11, 2011: New Zealand Medical Journal
Jennifer Jelsma, Des Scott
OBJECTIVE: To determine if clinical assessment of children with neurological conditions by physiotherapy students was improved through the overt use of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective, pragmatic audit of practice using written patient assessments completed by third-year physiotherapy students. Assessments completed by third-year students in 2008 were compared with assessments completed by third-year students in 2009...
March 2011: Physiotherapy
Gerry McCartney, Sian Thomas, Hilary Thomson, John Scott, Val Hamilton, Phil Hanlon, David S Morrison, Lyndal Bond
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of major multi-sport events on health and socioeconomic determinants of health in the population of the city hosting the event. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: We searched the following sources without language restrictions for papers published between 1978 and 2008: Applied Social Science Index and Abstracts (ASSIA), British Humanities Index (BHI), Cochrane database of systematic reviews, Econlit database, Embase, Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) database, Health Management Information Consortium (HMIC) database, International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS), Medline, PreMedline, PsycINFO, Sociological Abstracts, Sportdiscus, Web of Knowledge, Worldwide Political Science Abstracts, and the grey literature...
May 20, 2010: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Sébastien Ratel, Pascale Duché, Craig A Williams
Children are able to resist fatigue better than adults during one or several repeated high-intensity exercise bouts. This finding has been reported by measuring mechanical force or power output profiles during sustained isometric maximal contractions or repeated bouts of high-intensity dynamic exercises. The ability of children to better maintain performance during repeated high-intensity exercise bouts could be related to their lower level of fatigue during exercise and/or faster recovery following exercise...
2006: Sports Medicine
R Jago, R Bailey
Research with children presents issues beyond those normally encountered in adult exercise science research. This paper explores the specific ethical issues that are encountered when conducting paediatric research in the exercise sciences. We identify the historical, moral and philosophical underpinnings of ethical conduct. The issue of consent and children's ability to provide informed consent is discussed, as is the nature of therapeutic and non-therapeutic research. Finally, we examine the information that is required by a local ethics and research committee and provide guidance material to help in the formulation of an application to such a committee...
July 2001: Journal of Sports Sciences
B A Wharton, V Moore, P Wharton
The Department of Paediatrics at King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia offers to medical undergraduates an optional course in nutrition and growth. This paper describes the practical experiences offered in dietary assessment and manipulation which was one component of the course, together with an assessment of its value by the students and the authors. Generally, it seemed that the component had been successful but three changes might be considered: although hand analysis of crude dietary data to determine nutrient intakes is a useful exercise, computer analysis should also be included; the principles of dietary manipulation (in effect, the principles of therapeutic dietetics) will require more emphasis; the students should make a detailed analysis of a patient's diet as well as their own...
September 1985: Medical Education
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