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Awareness with recall

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923426/periodic-limb-movements-during-sleep-mimicking-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder
#1
Carles Gaig, Alex Iranzo, Montserrat Pujo, Hernando Perez, Joan Santamaria
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe a group of patients referredbecause of abnormal sleep behaviors that were suggestive ofREM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) in whom videopolysomnographyruled out RBD and showed the reportedbehaviors associated with vigorous periodic limb movementsduring sleep (PLMS). METHODS: Clinical history and video-polysomnography reviewof patients identified during routine visits in a sleepcenter. RESULTS: Patients were fifteen men and two women with a median age of 66 (range 48-77) years...
November 28, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875151/hindsight-encouraging-exploration-through-direct-encoding-of-personal-interaction-history
#2
Mi Feng, Cheng Deng, Evan M Peck, Lane Harrison
Physical and digital objects often leave markers of our use. Website links turn purple after we visit them, for example, showing us information we have yet to explore. These "footprints" of interaction offer substantial benefits in information saturated environments - they enable us to easily revisit old information, systematically explore new information, and quickly resume tasks after interruption. While applying these design principles have been successful in HCI contexts, direct encodings of personal interaction history have received scarce attention in data visualization...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861395/flashbulb-memories-of-paris-attacks-recall-of-these-events-and-subjective-reliving-of-these-memories-in-a-case-with-alzheimer-disease
#3
Mohamad El Haj, Marie-Charlotte Gandolphe, Emilie Wawrziczny, Pascal Antoine
RATIONALE: Flashbulb memories are detailed and vivid memories of attributes of the reception context of surprising and emotionally arousing public events. PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSIS: This paper offers a fine-grained view of flashbulb memories in a patient with mild Alzheimer's disease (AD). INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent a directed interview about the 13 November 2015 attacks in Paris. OUTCOMES: Unlike her memory about the date and month of the attacks, the patient provided accurate information about the year, time and places they occurred...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858525/using-a-narrative-film-to-increase-knowledge-and-interpersonal-communication-about-psychosis-among-latinos
#4
Maria Y Hernandez, Yesenia Mejia, Doe Mayer, Steven R Lopez
Narrative communication is effective in increasing public awareness while generating dialogue about varied health topics. The current study utilized narrative communication in the form of a 15-minute motivational film titled La CLAve to help Latinos recognize symptoms of psychosis and begin a discussion about serious mental illness. The study aimed to explore the participants' response to the film and whether the film led to further dialogue about psychosis. Four focus groups were conducted with 40 Spanish-speaking participants, mostly foreign-born Latinas, with a mean age of 49 years...
December 2016: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846438/mapping-autobiographical-memory-in-schizophrenia-clinical-implications
#5
REVIEW
J J Ricarte, L Ros, J M Latorre, E Watkins
Increasing evidence suggests that impaired autobiographical memory (AM) mechanisms may be associated with the onset and maintenance of psychopathology. However, there is not yet a comprehensive review of the components of autobiographical memory in schizophrenic patients. The first aim of this review is a synthesis of evidence about the functioning of AM in schizophrenic patients. The main autobiographical elements reviewed in schizophrenic patients include the study of overgeneral memory (form); self-defining memories (contents); consciousness during the process of retrieval (awareness), and the abnormal early reminiscence bump (distribution)...
November 9, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842927/do-adolescents-accurately-evaluate-their-diet-quality-the-helena-study
#6
Jérémy Vanhelst, Laurent Béghin, Alain Duhamel, Stefaan De Henauw, Jonatan R Ruiz, Anthony Kafatos, Odysseas Androutsos, Kurt Widhalm, Beatrice Mauro, Michael Sjöström, Mathilde Kersting, Frédéric Gottrand
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the diet quality awareness and associated factors in a large sample of European adolescents. METHODS: The study included 3389 healthy adolescents, aged 12.5-17.5 years, who participated in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) Study. The adolescents' diet quality was based on repeated 24 h recalls and scored into a Diet Quality Index for Adolescents (DQI-A) considering four components: meal, equilibrium, diversity and quality...
October 27, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825942/predictors-of-parental-concerns-about-child-weight-in-parents-of-healthy-weight-and-overweight-2-6-year-olds
#7
Ana Isabel Gomes, Luisa Barros, Ana Isabel Pereira
INTRODUCTION: Parental awareness and concerns about a child's weight can promote healthy food parenting behaviors. Understanding the factors that influence parent's concerns about childhood (over)weight may help professionals define more effective strategies when working with families. This study aimed to assess parental concerns about their young child's weight and to identify contributors of parental concerns about weight in parents of healthy-weight and overweight children, considered separately...
November 4, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822730/effects-of-an-electronic-reminder-system-on-guideline-concordant-treatment-of-psychotic-disorders-results-from-a%C3%A2-pilot-feasibility-trial
#8
Irina Franke, Sarah Thier, Anita Riecher-Rössler
BACKGROUND: Adherence to evidence-based guidelines is essential for the treatment outcome of psychotic disorders. Previous studies showed that IT-supported pathways are able to increase guideline adherence in psychiatric care. This paper describes a pilot study on the development of an electronic recall-reminder-system (RRS) for supporting guideline-adherent treatment in outpatient care of patients with chronic psychotic disorders and analyses its feasibility. METHODS: Guidelines were integrated in the RRS software M...
December 2016: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821980/newborn-screening-for-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-in-india-what-do-we-need-to-watch-out-for
#9
R Kishore Kumar, Hari Das, Prakash Kini
BACKGROUND: Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) is a disorder-an ideal candidate to deserve newborn screening. CAH accounts for a significant mortality and morbidity in India, and its awareness among obstetricians should be treated as highly important to prevent the problem. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: It is very important for a country like India as the incidence of CAH is reasonably high justifying screening program. However, there are simple logistics that need to be followed, and the treating physicians need to be aware of, if one has to reduce the number of false positives and recalls...
December 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815393/what-do-colorado-adults-know-about-legal-use-of-recreational-marijuana-after-a-media-campaign
#10
Ashley Brooks-Russell, Arnold Levinson, Yaqiang Li, Rebecca Hebner Roppolo, Sheana Bull
BACKGROUND: Colorado is among the first states to legalize the recreational sale of marijuana and therefore among the first to develop regulations outlining the purchase, possession, consumption, and enforcement, and penalties. Colorado legislators set aside funds for a statewide informational media campaign to educate Colorado residents on legal use of marijuana. METHOD: This study evaluated the effectiveness of the mass media campaign to increase awareness of the law through a prospective cohort surveyed before and 6 months after the launch of the campaign (n = 798)...
November 3, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805473/are-disease-awareness-links-on-prescription-drug-websites-misleading-a-randomized-study
#11
Helen W Sullivan, Amie C O'Donoghue, Douglas J Rupert, Jessica Fitts Willoughby, Jacqueline B Amoozegar, Kathryn J Aikin
We sought to determine whether links from branded prescription drug websites to websites containing disease information mislead participants about drug benefits and whether nonsponsorship disclosures diminish this potential effect. We randomly assigned online panelists with depression (N = 1,071) to view a fictitious prescription drug website that had (a) no link to a disease information website (control), (b) a link with no disclosure, (c) a link with a simple nonsponsorship disclosure, or (d) a link with a detailed nonsponsorship disclosure...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802512/perceptual-suppression-of-predicted-natural-images
#12
Rachel N Denison, Jacob Sheynin, Michael A Silver
Perception is shaped not only by current sensory inputs but also by expectations generated from past sensory experience. Humans viewing ambiguous stimuli in a stable visual environment are generally more likely to see the perceptual interpretation that matches their expectations, but it is less clear how expectations affect perception when the environment is changing predictably. We used statistical learning to teach observers arbitrary sequences of natural images and employed binocular rivalry to measure perceptual selection as a function of predictive context...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792849/impact-of-branding-on-public-awareness-of-healthcare-related-governing-bodies-a-pilot-study-of-the-urological-society-of-australia-and-new-zealand-brand
#13
Troy R J Gianduzzo, Robert A Gardiner, Prem Rashid, Rhys Young, Mark Frydenberg, Sarah Kelly
OBJECTIVE: To assess the general public's understanding of urologists and of the Urological Society of Australian and New Zealand (USANZ) and gauge the effectiveness with which the USANZ disseminates health information about urological conditions to health consumers. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Using prostate cancer as an example, a Qualtrics online market survey of Australian healthcare consumers recruited from an online pool was conducted. The number of districts sampled within each state or territory was proportional to the size of the target population within each region and were proportionately distributed across metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas...
October 2016: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790356/moderate-hypothermia-and-its-effects-in-reducing-the-applied-dose-of-anesthetics-for-patients-with-opium-dependence-in-cardiac-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Reza Jalaian Taghadomi, Ebrahim Golmakani, Kambiz Alizadeh, Behrooz Mottahedi, Ali Rahdari, Shima Sheybani
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of patients addicted to opium are experiencing awareness during coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) as a result of tolerance to anesthetics. OBJECTIVES: This research was primarily intended to determine the potential diminishing effects of moderate hypothermia on anesthetic dosage and recall of anesthesia during the procedure. METHODS: In this double-blind randomized controlled trial, a total of 80 CABG candidates with known addiction to opium were divided into two groups: one normothermic (N) and the other moderately hypothermic (H), both undergoing induction as well as close monitoring from September 2014 to January 2016...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788518/association-between-type-amount-and-pattern-of-carbohydrate-consumption-with-dental-caries-in-12-year-olds-in-puerto-rico
#15
Cristina Palacios, Sona Rivas-Tumanyan, Evangelia Morou-Bermúdez, Alina M Colon, Roxana Y Torres, Augusto R Elías-Boneta
OBJECTIVE: To identify the types, food sources, and pattern of carbohydrates that significantly contribute to dental caries in Puerto Rican children. METHODS: As part of an island-wide cross-sectional oral health study in 1,587 twelve-year-olds, diet intake was assessed in a representative subset (n = 801) with a 24-hour dietary recall. Carbohydrate intake was quantified using a computer-based diet analysis program. Caries was assessed using the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research diagnostic criteria...
October 28, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774780/understanding-patient-and-physician-perceptions-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-in-asia-pacific-latin-america-and-the-commonwealth-of-independent-states-the-prostate-research-on-behaviour-and-education-probe-ii-survey
#16
Phillip Ertel, Burkay Adalig, Ipek Demircan, Belinda Lartey, Michael J Manyak
AIM: To assess attitudes and beliefs towards benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)/ lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and its treatment among patients and physicians in Latin America, Asia Pacific and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). METHODS: Cross-sectional, quantitative study conducted between December 2014 and September 2015. Separate questionnaires were administered to BPH/LUTS patients receiving drug treatment for their condition and to practising physicians who treat patients with BPH/LUTS...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770375/predictors-and-barriers-to-hepatitis-b-screening-in-a-midwest-suburban-asian-population
#17
Shanna Cheng, Elton Li, Anna S Lok
Despite guidelines recommending hepatitis B virus (HBV) screening among the Asian population, not all Asians are screened. We assessed barriers to and factors predicting HBV screening in Michigan. Adults residing in Southeast Michigan self-identifying as Asian were surveyed at Asian grocery stores, restaurants, churches, and community events. 404 persons participated in the survey, 54 % were women, median age was 51 years, 63 % were Chinese, and 93.8 % were born outside the U.S. 181 (44.8 %) had not or could not recall having been screened for HBV...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755648/anaesthetic-interventions-for-prevention-of-awareness-during-surgery
#18
REVIEW
Anthony G Messina, Michael Wang, Marshall J Ward, Chase C Wilker, Brett B Smith, Daniel P Vezina, Nathan Leon Pace
BACKGROUND: General anaesthesia is usually associated with unconsciousness. 'Awareness' is when patients have postoperative recall of events or experiences during surgery. 'Wakefulness' is when patients become conscious during surgery, but have no postoperative recollection of the period of consciousness. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of two types of anaesthetic interventions in reducing clinically significant awareness:- anaesthetic drug regimens; and- intraoperative anaesthetic depth monitors...
October 18, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753210/prosodic-similarity-effects-in-short-term-memory-in-developmental-dyslexia
#19
Usha Goswami, Lisa Barnes, Natasha Mead, Alan James Power, Victoria Leong
Children with developmental dyslexia are characterized by phonological difficulties across languages. Classically, this 'phonological deficit' in dyslexia has been investigated with tasks using single-syllable words. Recently, however, several studies have demonstrated difficulties in prosodic awareness in dyslexia. Potential prosodic effects in short-term memory have not yet been investigated. Here we create a new instrument based on three-syllable words that vary in stress patterns, to investigate whether prosodic similarity (the same prosodic pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables) exerts systematic effects on short-term memory...
December 0: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730017/harnessing-ontology-and-machine-learning-for-rso-classification
#20
Bin Liu, Li Yao, Dapeng Han
Classification is an important part of resident space objects (RSOs) identification, which is a main focus of space situational awareness. Owing to the absence of some features caused by the limited and uncertain observations, RSO classification remains a difficult task. In this paper, an ontology for RSO classification named OntoStar is built upon domain knowledge and machine learning rules. Then data describing RSO are represented by OntoStar. A demo shows how an RSO is classified based on OntoStar. It is also shown in the demo that traceable and comprehensible reasons for the classification can be given, hence the classification can be checked and validated...
2016: SpringerPlus
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