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Awareness with recall

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754288/the-impact-of-hypoglycaemia-awareness-status-on-regional-brain-responses-to-acute-hypoglycaemia-in-men-with-type-1-diabetes
#1
Joel T Dunn, Pratik Choudhary, Ming Ming Teh, Ian Macdonald, Katharine F Hunt, Paul K Marsden, Stephanie A Amiel
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Impaired awareness of hypoglycaemia (IAH) in type 1 diabetes increases the risk of severe hypoglycaemia sixfold and can be resistant to intervention. We explored the impact of IAH on central responses to hypoglycaemia to investigate the mechanisms underlying barriers to therapeutic intervention. METHODS: We conducted [15 O]water positron emission tomography studies of regional brain perfusion during euglycaemia (target 5 mmol/l), hypoglycaemia (achieved level, 2...
May 12, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748029/-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-about-influenza-vaccination-among-pregnant-women-and-healthcare-providers-serving-pregnant-women-in-managua-nicaragua
#2
Carmen S Arriola, Nancy Vasconez, Joseph Bresee, Alba María Ropero
BACKGROUND: Nicaragua implemented an influenza vaccination program for pregnant women with high-risk obstetric conditions in 2007. In 2014, the recommendation of influenza vaccination expanded to include all pregnant women. Given the expansion in the recommendation of vaccination, we evaluated knowledge, attitudes and practices of pregnant women and their healthcare providers towards influenza vaccination and its recommendation. METHODS: We conducted surveys among pregnant women and their healthcare providers from June to August 2016 at two hospitals and 140 health facilities in Managua...
May 7, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743103/husband-s-involvement-with-mother-s-awareness-and-knowledge-of-newborn-danger-signs-in-facility-based-childbirth-settings-a-cross-sectional-study-from-rural-bangladesh
#3
Sojib Bin Zaman, Rajat Das Gupta, Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Naznin Hossain, Md Mofijul Islam Bulbul, Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the association between husband involvement and maternal awareness and knowledge of newborn danger signs. This cross-sectional study was conducted in three rural hospitals of Bangladesh among the recently delivered women (RDW). RESULTS: RDW were interviewed to determine their knowledge and understanding of seven key neonatal danger signs. About 51.4% of the respondents were able to identify at least one danger sign...
May 9, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699720/getting-inside-the-expert-s-head-an-analysis-of-physician-cognitive-processes-during-trauma-resuscitations
#4
Matthew R White, Heather Braund, Daniel Howes, Rylan Egan, Andreas Gegenfurtner, Jeroen J G van Merrienboer, Adam Szulewski
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Crisis resource management skills are integral to leading the resuscitation of a critically ill patient. Despite their importance, crisis resource management skills (and their associated cognitive processes) have traditionally been difficult to study in the real world. The objective of this study was to derive key cognitive processes underpinning expert performance in resuscitation medicine, using a new eye-tracking-based video capture method during clinical cases. METHODS: During an 18-month period, a sample of 10 trauma resuscitations led by 4 expert trauma team leaders was analyzed...
April 23, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695387/controlled-cohort-evaluation-of-the-livelighter-mass-media-campaign-s-impact-on-adults-reported-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#5
Belinda C Morley, Philippa H Niven, Helen G Dixon, Maurice G Swanson, Alison B McAleese, Melanie A Wakefield
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the LiveLighter 'Sugary Drinks' campaign impact on awareness, knowledge and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption. DESIGN: Cohort study with population surveys undertaken in intervention and comparison states at baseline (n=900 each), with 78% retention at follow-up (intervention: n=673; comparison: n=730). Analyses tested interactions by state (intervention, comparison) and time (baseline, follow-up). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged 25-49 years residing in the Australian states of Victoria and South Australia...
April 25, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686173/indonesia-cohort-of-io-hat-study-to-evaluate-diabetes-management-control-and-complications-in-retrospective-and-prospective-periods-among-insulin-treated-patients-with-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes
#6
Achmad Rudijanto, Made R Saraswati, Em Yunir, Poppy Kumala, Happy Hs Puteri, Veny Vv Mandang
BACKGROUND: hypoglycemia is a major adverse event of insulin therapy for diabetes mellitus patients. The study was conducted to evaluate the incidence of hypoglycemia among insulin treated patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the Indonesian cohort. METHODS: this Indonesian cohort study consisted of retrospective and prospective evaluation of hypoglycemic episodes, using International Operations Hypoglycemia Assessment Tool (IO HAT) in 374 patients with diabetes (T1DM; n=17 or T2DM; n=357)...
January 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670787/radiation-recall-dermatitis-in-patients-treated-with-sorafenib
#7
Keyur Mehta, Andreas Kaubisch, Justin Tang, Aneesh Pirlamarla, Shalom Kalnicki
Introduction: Radiation recall dermatitis (RRD) is a phenomenon that occurs in previously irradiated areas shortly after administration of a chemotherapeutic agent. As the use of sorafenib expands, the incidence of radiation recall dermatitis induced by sorafenib will likely increase. Here, we report on a patient who developed RRD and describe his clinical characteristics along with a review of the literature. Case Presentation: Our patient was treated with palliative radiation therapy (RT) to a painful metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma lesion in the right forearm...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644787/impact-of-the-make-healthy-normal-mass-media-campaign-phase-1-on-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-a-cohort-study
#8
James Kite, Joanne Gale, Anne Grunseit, William Bellew, Vincy Li, Beverley Lloyd, Michelle Maxwell, John Vineburg, Adrian Bauman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of the first phase of the Make Healthy Normal mass media campaign on NSW adults' active living and healthy eating knowledge, attitudes, intentions and behaviour. METHODS: Cohort design with NSW adults, followed up three times over 12 months, with n=939 participants completing all three waves. We used generalised linear mixed models to examine campaign awareness, knowledge, attitudes, intentions and behaviours over time. RESULTS: Campaign recognition built to a reasonable level (45% at Wave 3), although unprompted recall was low (9% at Wave 3)...
April 12, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622310/the-failed-sedation-solutions-for-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeon
#9
REVIEW
Robert C Bosack
Due to wide variation in patient responses, both intended and adverse, it is impossible to successfully sedate all patients. Choosing the right drug and dose regimen can be challenging, especially in patients who are naïve to anesthesia. Underdosing can lead to pain perception, patient movement and combativeness, awareness with recall, and the sympathetic neuroendocrine stress response. Overdosing can lead to unintended loss of upper airway tone, hypoventilation/apnea, adverse cardiovascular changes, and prolonged sedation (with its attendant problems)...
May 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609549/a-statistical-approach-to-identify-monitor-and-manage-incomplete-curated-data-sets
#10
Douglas G Howe
BACKGROUND: Many biological knowledge bases gather data through expert curation of published literature. High data volume, selective partial curation, delays in access, and publication of data prior to the ability to curate it can result in incomplete curation of published data. Knowing which data sets are incomplete and how incomplete they are remains a challenge. Awareness that a data set may be incomplete is important for proper interpretation, to avoiding flawed hypothesis generation, and can justify further exploration of published literature for additional relevant data...
April 2, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608074/the-devil-s-in-the-g-tails-deficient-letter-shape-knowledge-and-awareness-despite-massive-visual-experience
#11
Kimberly Wong, Frempongma Wadee, Gali Ellenblum, Michael McCloskey
Knowledge of letter shapes is central to reading. In experiments focusing primarily on a single letter shape-the "looptail" lowercase print G -we found surprising gaps in skilled readers' knowledge. In Experiment 1 most participants failed to recall the existence of looptail g when asked if G has two lowercase print forms, and almost none were able to write looptail g accurately. In Experiment 2 participants searched for G s in text with multiple looptail g s. Asked immediately thereafter to write the g form they had seen, half the participants produced an "opentail" g (the typical handwritten form), and only one wrote looptail g accurately...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604173/cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-review-of-clinico-radiological-features-and-mimics
#12
REVIEW
Rohit Sharma, Stephanie Dearaugo, Bernard Infeld, Richard O'Sullivan, Richard P Gerraty
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is an important cause of lobar intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) in the elderly, but has other clinico-radiological manifestations. In the last two decades, certain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences, namely gradient-recalled echo imaging and the newer and more sensitive susceptibility-weighted imaging, have been utilised to detect susceptibility-sensitive lesions such as cerebral microbleeds and cortical superficial siderosis. These can be utilised sensitively and specifically by the Modified Boston Criteria to make a diagnosis of CAA without the need for 'gold-standard' histopathology from biopsy...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524751/generalized-anxiety-disorder-in-urban-china-prevalence-awareness-and-disease-burden
#13
Wei Yu, Shikha Satendra Singh, Shawna Calhoun, Hui Zhang, Xiahong Zhao, Fengchi Yang
INTRODUCTION: Limited published research has quantified the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) prevalence and its burden in China. This study aimed to fill in the knowledge gap and to evaluate the burden of GAD among adults in urban China. METHODS: This study utilized existing data from the China National Health and Wellness Survey (NHWS) 2012-2013. Prevalence of self-reported diagnosed and undiagnosed GAD was estimated. Diagnosed and undiagnosed GAD respondents were compared with non-anxious respondents in terms of health-related quality of life (HRQoL), resource utilization, and work productivity and activity impairment using multivariate generalized linear models...
July 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522796/measuring-advertising-effectiveness-in-travel-2-0-websites-through-eye-tracking-technology
#14
Francisco Muñoz-Leiva, Janet Hernández-Méndez, Diego Gómez-Carmona
The advent of Web 2.0 is changing tourists' behaviors, prompting them to take on a more active role in preparing their travel plans. It is also leading tourism companies to have to adapt their marketing strategies to different online social media. The present study analyzes advertising effectiveness in social media in terms of customers' visual attention and self-reported memory (recall). Data were collected through a within-subjects and between-groups design based on eye-tracking technology, followed by a self-administered questionnaire...
March 6, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473031/-find-cancer-early-evaluation-of-a-community-education-campaign-to-increase-awareness-of-cancer-signs-and-symptoms-in-people-in-regional-western-australians
#15
REVIEW
Emma Jane Croager, Victoria Gray, Iain Stephen Pratt, Terry Slevin, Simone Pettigrew, C D'arcy Holman, Max Bulsara, Jon Emery
Introduction: Cancer outcomes for people living in rural and remote areas are worse than for those living in urban areas. Although access to and quality of cancer treatment are important determinants of outcomes, delayed presentation has been observed in rural patients. Methods: Formative research with people from rural Western Australia (WA) led to the Find Cancer Early campaign. Find Cancer Early was delivered in three regions of WA, with two other regions acting as controls...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454483/postoperative-opioid-prescribing-getting-it-rightt
#16
REVIEW
Brian K Yorkgitis, Gabriel A Brat
BACKGROUND: Prescription opioid medications account for a large number of fatal and non-fatal overdoses. Many opioid prescription medications after surgery go unused, with the potential for diversion and misuse. As surgeons become increasingly aware of their role in opioid misuse, better tools are needed to guide behavior. DATA SOURCES: There has recently been a plethora of research into opioid prescribing after surgery. A review of this literature was performed using a search for manuscripts written in the English language...
April 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449778/why-do-those-with-long-term-substance-use-disorders-stop-abusing-substances-a-qualitative-study
#17
Henning Pettersen, Anne Landheim, Ivar Skeie, Stian Biong, Morten Brodahl, Victoria Benson, Larry Davidson
Although a significant proportion of adults recover from substance use disorders (SUDs), little is known about how they reach this turning point or why they stop using. The purpose of the study was to explore the factors that influence reasoning and decision making about quitting substance use after a long-term SUD. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 18 participants, each of whom had been diagnosed with a SUD and had been abstinent for at least 5 years. A resource group of peer consultants in long-term recovery from SUDs contributed to the study's planning, preparation, and initial analyses...
2018: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426317/barriers-and-enablers-to-skin-to-skin-contact-at-birth-in-healthy-neonates-a-qualitative-study
#18
Amala James Alenchery, Joanne Thoppil, Carl Denis Britto, Jimena Villar de Onis, Lavina Fernandez, P N Suman Rao
BACKGROUND: Skin to skin contact (SSC) at birth is the standard of care for newborns without risk factors. However, implementation of SSC at birth has been far from optimal. A qualitative study was undertaken to determine the barriers, enablers and potential solutions to implementation of SSC at birth in healthy newborn infants in a level III neonatal-care facility in Bangalore, India. METHODS: Consultants and residents/postgraduates (PG) from the departments of Obstetrics (n = 19) and Pediatrics (n = 14) and nurses (n = 8) in the labor room (LR) participated in the study...
February 9, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414857/vitamin-b12-status-of-various-ethnic-groups-living-in-new-zealand-an-analysis-of-the-adult-nutrition-survey-2008-2009
#19
Asika Devi, Elaine Rush, Michelle Harper, Bernard Venn
Vitamin B12 deficiency leads to serious health problems, whilst sub-optimal status is associated with raised biochemical markers of disease risk. Identifying at-risk groups could benefit both individuals and public health. Dietary data were sourced from the New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survey 2008/2009, involving a nationally representative sample of 4721 participants. Ethnic groupings were by regional origin: Māori and Pacific Islands, New Zealand European, East and South-East Asian, and South Asian. Diets were assessed using 24-h recalls and from responses to a questionnaire...
February 7, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389163/why-consumers-misattribute-sponsorships-to-non-sponsor-brands-differential-roles-of-item-and-relational-communications
#20
Clinton S Weeks, Michael S Humphreys, T Bettina Cornwell
Brands engaged in sponsorship of events commonly have objectives that depend on consumer memory for the sponsor-event relationship (e.g., sponsorship awareness). Consumers however, often misattribute sponsorships to nonsponsor competitor brands, indicating erroneous memory for these relationships. The current research uses an item and relational memory framework to reveal sponsor brands may inadvertently foster this misattribution when they communicate relational linkages to events. Effects can be explained via differential roles of communicating item information (information that supports processing item distinctiveness) versus relational information (information that supports processing relationships among items) in contributing to memory outcomes...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
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