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Awareness with recall

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342498/patient-reminder-and-recall-interventions-to-improve-immunization-rates
#1
REVIEW
Julie C Jacobson Vann, Robert M Jacobson, Tamera Coyne-Beasley, Josephine K Asafu-Adjei, Peter G Szilagyi
BACKGROUND: Immunization rates for children and adults are rising, but coverage levels have not reached optimal goals. As a result, vaccine-preventable diseases still occur. In an era of increasing complexity of immunization schedules, rising expectations about the performance of primary care, and large demands on primary care providers, it is important to understand and promote interventions that work in primary care settings to increase immunization coverage. One common theme across immunization programs in many nations involves the challenge of implementing a population-based approach and identifying all eligible recipients, for example the children who should receive the measles vaccine...
January 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328752/literature-review-awareness-of-anaesthesia
#2
Adam Smith
A review of qualitative literature regarding awareness under general anaesthesia was undertaken, this term being defined as full consciousness during surgery with explicit recall of events. This study was designed to explore perioperative practitioner knowledge, skill base and education on the subject of awareness. It also explores the practitioner role in, looking out for and rectification, their obligations to the patient and their statutory bodies, as well as adherence to standards of conduct, performance and ethics...
September 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321671/preconception-carrier-screening-for-multiple-disorders-evaluation-of-a-screening-offer-in-a-dutch-founder-population
#3
Inge B Mathijssen, Kim C A Holtkamp, Cecile P E Ottenheim, Janneke M C van Eeten-Nijman, Phillis Lakeman, Hanne Meijers-Heijboer, Merel C van Maarle, Lidewij Henneman
Technological developments have enabled carrier screening for multiple disorders. This study evaluated experiences with a preconception carrier screening offer for four recessive disorders in a Dutch founder population. Questionnaires were completed by 182 attendees pretesting and posttesting and by 137 non-attendees. Semistructured interviews were conducted with seven of the eight carrier couples. Attendees were mainly informed about the existence of screening by friends/colleagues (49%) and family members (44%)...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301223/thinking-in-pharmacy-practice-a-study-of-community-pharmacists-clinical-reasoning-in-medication-supply-using-the-think-aloud-method
#4
Hayley Croft, Conor Gilligan, Rohan Rasiah, Tracy Levett-Jones, Jennifer Schneider
Medication review and supply by pharmacists involves both cognitive and technical skills related to the safety and appropriateness of prescribed medicines. The cognitive ability of pharmacists to recall, synthesise and memorise information is a critical aspect of safe and optimal medicines use, yet few studies have investigated the clinical reasoning and decision-making processes pharmacists use when supplying prescribed medicines. The objective of this study was to examine the patterns and processes of pharmacists' clinical reasoning and to identify the information sources used, when making decisions about the safety and appropriateness of prescribed medicines...
December 31, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277495/clinical-pharmacist-understanding-of-the-2013-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-cholesterol-guideline
#5
John D Bucheit, Haleigh Helsing, Pramit Nadpara, Salim S Virani, Dave L Dixon
BACKGROUND: Clinical pharmacists are frequently involved in the management of dyslipidemia, yet clinical pharmacists' knowledge, awareness, and the level of agreement with the 2013 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) cholesterol guideline are unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine clinical pharmacists' knowledge, awareness, and the level of agreement with the 2013 ACC/AHA cholesterol guideline. METHODS: We administered a validated questionnaire via an online survey that was electronically mailed to clinical pharmacists...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250874/children-retain-implicitly-learned-phonological-sequences-better-than-adults-a-longitudinal-study
#6
Eleonore H M Smalle, Mike P A Page, Wouter Duyck, Martin Edwards, Arnaud Szmalec
Whereas adults often rely on explicit memory, children appear to excel in implicit memory, which plays an important role in the acquisition of various cognitive skills, such as those involved in language. The current study aimed to test the assertion of an age-dependent shift in implicit versus explicit learning within a theoretical framework that explains the link between implicit sequence memory and word-form acquisition, using the Hebb repetition paradigm. We conducted a one-year, multiple-session longitudinal study in which we presented auditory sequences of syllables, co-presented with pictures of aliens, for immediate serial recall by a group of children (8-9 years) and by an adult group...
December 17, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246566/food-behaviors-and-dietary-acculturation-of-asian-indians-in-the-us
#7
Sumathi Venkatesh, Lorraine J Weatherspoon
OBJECTIVE: To examine food behaviors and dietary acculturation of Asian Indians in the US. DESIGN: Qualitative focus group discussions. SETTING: Public library and university. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty Asian Indian adults in a US Midwestern state. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participant perceptions of food behaviors and 24-hour modified weekday and weekend dietary recalls. ANALYSIS: Eight focus group transcripts and participant dietary recalls were independently analyzed by 2 Asian Indian moderators using the constant comparison method...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232709/local-setting-influences-the-quantity-of-household-food-waste-in-mid-sized-south-african-towns
#8
Gamuchirai Chakona, Charlie M Shackleton
The world faces a food security challenge with approximately 868 million people undernourished and about two billion people suffering from the negative health consequences of micronutrient deficiencies. Yet, it is believed that at least 33% of food produced for human consumption is lost or wasted along the food chain. As food waste has a negative effect on food security, the present study sought to quantify household food waste along the rural-urban continuum in three South African mid-sized towns situated along an agro-ecological gradient...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230325/a-study-on-knowledge-awareness-and-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-hypertension-from-a-tertiary-care-centre-from-northern-sri-lanka
#9
S Pirasath, T Kumanan, M Guruparan
Objective: To assess the patient's knowledge and awareness about hypertension and adherence to antihypertensive medication among hypertensive patients with validated Morisky questionnaires in a tertiary care centre of northern Sri Lanka. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive comparative study was carried out at Teaching Hospital Jaffna, from January 2017 to April 2017. Hypertensive patients were recruited by systematic randomized controlled sampling and interviewed with validated Morisky questionnaires to assess their knowledge about hypertension...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210043/accidental-awareness-during-general-anaesthesia-a-narrative-review
#10
REVIEW
S R Tasbihgou, M F Vogels, A R Absalom
Unintended accidental awareness during general anaesthesia represents failure of successful anaesthesia, and so has been the subject of numerous studies during the past decades. As return to consciousness is both difficult to describe and identify, the reported incidence rates vary widely. Similarly, a wide range of techniques have been employed to identify cases of accidental awareness. Studies which have used the isolated forearm technique to identify responsiveness to command during intended anaesthesia have shown remarkably high incidences of awareness...
January 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202923/allergens-an-enhanced-focus
#11
Kristen Spotz
Food Allergy Awareness Week was created with the purpose of placing a spotlight on the seriousness of food allergies. Recognized in the United States in mid-May every year, Food Allergy Awareness Week serves as a reminder of the over 15 million Americans who suffer from food allergies. The importance of allergies and allergen labeling can be seen when looking at U.S. Food and Drug Administration recall data: of the 764 recalls in 2016, 305 (representing more than 40%) were due to undeclared allergens. However, recalls for undeclared allergens are a complex issue with numerous factors...
December 5, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202905/undeclared-food-allergens-and-gluten-in-commercial-food-products-analyzed-by-elisa
#12
Andrew B Do, Sefat E Khuda, Girdhari M Sharma
Undeclared allergen(s) in commercial food products are responsible for many food recalls, as reported by regulatory agencies in various countries, including the United States. Correct allergen labeling practices are essential for the safety of food-allergic consumers. However, this practice may be hindered by the introduction of allergens all along the food supply chain, including unintentionally through cross-contact. To understand the pervasiveness of undeclared allergen(s) in commercial food products, the objective of this review is to summarize the prevalence of undeclared milk, egg, hazelnut, peanut, soy, and gluten as detected by ELISA from previously published surveys...
December 5, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199859/nutrient-intake-and-factors-influencing-eating-behaviors-in-older-migrant-women-living-in-the-united-kingdom
#13
Diana Castaneda-Gameros, Sabi Redwood, Janice L Thompson
This study examines nutrient intake and factors influencing eating behaviors in a sample of 76 migrant older women (≥ 60 years) living in the UK. Nutrient intake was assessed using a 24-hr recall enhanced by an in-depth probing dietary interview. Median energy intake was significantly lower than the UK RNIs (5,125.4 v. 7,301.1 kJ/d, p < .001). Main nutrients of concern were retinol, vitamin D, magnesium, potassium, copper, selenium, and monounsaturated fatty acids. Semistructured interviews were conducted with a subsample (n = 46) and analyzed using thematic analysis...
December 4, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184740/can-friedberg-s-triad-solve-persistent-anesthesia-problems-over-medication-pain-management-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting
#14
Barry L Friedberg
Friedberg's Triad is (1) measure the brain; (2) preempt the pain; (3) emetic drugs abstain. Persistent anesthesia problems include over- and under-medication, postoperative pain management, and postoperative nausea and vomiting. Inspired by Vinnik's diazepam-ketamine paradigm, Friedberg's propofol ketamine paradigm was first published in 1993. The 1997 addition of the bispectral (BIS) index brain monitor made the propofol ketamine paradigm numerically reproducible. The 1998 addition of the frontalis electromyogram (EMG) as a secondary trend to the BIS transformed the time-delayed BIS monitor into a real-time, extremely useful device...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161973/a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-of-reactivity-to-judgements-of-learning
#15
Kit S Double, Damian P Birney, Sarah A Walker
Judgements of learning (JoL) are often used in memory research as a means for assessing an individual's metacognitive beliefs about their learning. JoL have been shown to reliably predict performance as well as learning behaviours and decisions . Participants may, however, modify their behaviour in response to performing JoL. There has, however, been little consensus as to the reliability and direction of the effect. We report on a meta-analyses that assesses the evidence that memory performance is reactive to JoL...
November 21, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136515/associations-between-feelings-of-social-anxiety-and-emotion-perception
#16
Spencer K Lynn, Eric Bui, Susanne S Hoeppner, Emily B O'Day, Sophie A Palitz, Lisa Feldman Barrett, Naomi M Simon
BACKGROUND: Abnormally biased perceptual judgment is a feature of many psychiatric disorders. Thus, individuals with social anxiety disorder are biased to recall or interpret social events negatively. Cognitive behavioral therapy addresses such bias by teaching patients, via verbal instruction, to become aware of and change pathological misjudgment. The present study examined whether targeting verbal instruction to specific decision parameters that influence perceptual judgment may affect changes in anger perception...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110187/outcomes-from-a-community-based-hypertension-educational-programme-the-west-of-ireland-hypertension-study
#17
M Darrat, A Houlihan, I Gibson, M Rabbitt, G Flaherty, F Sharif
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a leading modifiable risk factor for premature cardiovascular disease. Research indicates a growing prevalence of hypertension among adults worldwide, with accompanying low levels of patient knowledge, and sub-optimal clinical management. AIMS: This study aims to explore the impact of a structured hypertension educational intervention on patient knowledge, lifestyle behaviours and blood pressure control. DESIGN: An observational, prospective cohort design was selected...
November 6, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080705/remembering-food-insecurity-low-income-parents-perspectives-on-childhood-experiences-and-implications-for-measurement
#18
Tracey L Rosa, Stephanie E Ortolano, Katherine L Dickin
The objective of this study was to explore how low-income parents recall and describe childhood experiences with food insecurity. Little is known about how adults remember food insecurity experienced in childhood, yet there are potential implications for subsequent behavior including parents' willingness and ability to adopt recommended child feeding practices. To guide development of a measure of previous childhood food insecurity for research and screening purposes, we conducted interviews exploring parents' emic perspectives on these early life course experiences and reactions to potential survey items...
November 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075747/verbal-working-memory-in-children-with-cochlear-implants
#19
Susan Nittrouer, Amanda Caldwell-Tarr, Keri E Low, Joanna H Lowenstein
Purpose: Verbal working memory in children with cochlear implants and children with normal hearing was examined. Participants: Ninety-three fourth graders (47 with normal hearing, 46 with cochlear implants) participated, all of whom were in a longitudinal study and had working memory assessed 2 years earlier. Method: A dual-component model of working memory was adopted, and a serial recall task measured storage and processing. Potential predictor variables were phonological awareness, vocabulary knowledge, nonverbal IQ, and several treatment variables...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074230/a-novel-differential-susceptibility-framework-for-the-study-of-nightmares-evidence-for-trait-sensory-processing-sensitivity
#20
REVIEW
Michelle Carr, Tore Nielsen
Research on nightmares has largely focused on the nightmare itself and its associated negative consequences, framing nightmare sufferers as victims of a diathesis-stress induced form of psychopathology. However, there is evidence that frequent nightmare recallers are sensitive to a wide range of sensory and emotional experiences, and report vivid, bizarre and even intensely positive dream and daydream experiences. We propose sensory processing sensitivity as a novel trait marker that underlies the unique symptoms and imaginative richness found in nightmare-prone individuals...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
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