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Awareness with recall

Anthony G Messina, Michael Wang, Marshall J Ward, Chase C Wilker, Brett B Smith, Daniel P Vezina, Nathan Leon Pace
BACKGROUND: General anaesthesia is usually associated with unconsciousness. 'Awareness' is when patients have postoperative recall of events or experiences during surgery. 'Wakefulness' is when patients become conscious during surgery, but have no postoperative recollection of the period of consciousness. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of two types of anaesthetic interventions in reducing clinically significant awareness:- anaesthetic drug regimens; and- intraoperative anaesthetic depth monitors...
October 18, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Usha Goswami, Lisa Barnes, Natasha Mead, Alan James Power, Victoria Leong
Children with developmental dyslexia are characterized by phonological difficulties across languages. Classically, this 'phonological deficit' in dyslexia has been investigated with tasks using single-syllable words. Recently, however, several studies have demonstrated difficulties in prosodic awareness in dyslexia. Potential prosodic effects in short-term memory have not yet been investigated. Here we create a new instrument based on three-syllable words that vary in stress patterns, to investigate whether prosodic similarity (the same prosodic pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables) exerts systematic effects on short-term memory...
October 17, 2016: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
Bin Liu, Li Yao, Dapeng Han
Classification is an important part of resident space objects (RSOs) identification, which is a main focus of space situational awareness. Owing to the absence of some features caused by the limited and uncertain observations, RSO classification remains a difficult task. In this paper, an ontology for RSO classification named OntoStar is built upon domain knowledge and machine learning rules. Then data describing RSO are represented by OntoStar. A demo shows how an RSO is classified based on OntoStar. It is also shown in the demo that traceable and comprehensible reasons for the classification can be given, hence the classification can be checked and validated...
2016: SpringerPlus
Jordan P Davis, Emily A Lux, Douglas C Smith, Leah Cleeland
: Evidence suggests that vulnerable populations such as substance users, those involved in the criminal justice system, and those with cognitive deficits often fail to recall information regarding the informed assent process. This study investigated correlates of assent quiz errors (AQE) among adolescents enrolling in a substance use disorder treatment study. METHOD: Adolescents (age 13-19) entering substance use treatment completed a standard informed consent procedure to participate in a longitudinal research study, followed by a brief 6-item assent quiz...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Neeti M Kanodra, Charlene Pope, Chanita H Halbert, Gerard A Silvestri, LaShanta J Rice, Nichole T Tanner
RATIONALE: The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends annual low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) for lung cancer screening in high-risk individuals. Preventive health care is predominantly provided by primary care providers (PCPs). Successful implementation of a screening program requires acceptance and participation from both providers and patients, with available collaboration with pulmonologists. OBJECTIVES: To identify perceptions and perspectives on lung cancer screening and implementation among PCPs and eligible Veteran patients at high-risk for lung cancer...
September 27, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Lauren N Tobey, Harold F Koenig, Nicole A Brown, Melinda M Manore
The objective of this study was to create/test a social marketing campaign to increase fruit/vegetable (FV) intake within Oregon Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) eligible families. Focus groups (n = 2) and pre/post campaign phone surveys (n = 2082) were conducted in intervention counties (IC) and one control county. Participants were female (86%-100%) with 1-2 children at home. Mean FV intake/without juice was 3.1 servings/day; >50% preferred the Internet for delivery of healthy eating information...
2016: Nutrients
Michael Liebrenz, Marcel Schneider, Anna Buadze, Marie-Therese Gehring, Anish Dube, Carlo Caflisch
Associations between criminal activity and the use of psychotropic substances are well established. Flunitrazepam, specifically, has been suspected of triggering, per se, violent criminal behavior and severe memory disturbances in the form of anterograde amnesia. However, data from investigations of this relationship are scarce and have been primarily derived from forensic institutions, where there may be a reporting bias. This study was a qualitative exploration of high-dose benzodiazepine users' experiences of anterograde amnesia symptoms and their beliefs about their behavior during the phases of memory impairment in a nonforensic setting...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Christine M White, Heather G Lillico, Lana Vanderlee, David Hammond
Health Check (HC) was a voluntary nutrition labeling program developed by the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada as a guide to help consumers choose healthy foods. Items meeting nutrient criteria were identified with a HC symbol. This study examined the impact of the program on differences in consumer awareness and use of nutritional information in restaurants. Exit surveys were conducted with 1126 patrons outside four HC and four comparison restaurants in Ontario, Canada (2013). Surveys assessed participant noticing of nutrition information, influence of nutrition information on menu selection, and nutrient intake...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
Neneh Rowa-Dewar, Amanda Amos
Mass media campaigns can be effective in tobacco control but may widen health inequalities if they fail to engage disadvantaged smokers. This qualitative study explored how parents with young children living in disadvantaged circumstances engaged with a national campaign which aimed to raise awareness of the importance of smokefree homes. Individual semi-structured interviews were carried out with 17 parents before and after the Scottish 2014 "Right Outside" mass media campaign. A conceptual framework exploring meaningful exposure (recall and understanding), motivational responses (protecting children from secondhand smoke (SHS)) and opportunities to act (barriers) was used to thematically analyse the findings...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Victor Lee, Ka-On Lam, Dora Kwong, To-Wai Leung
BACKGROUND: Capecitabine has been commonly used in recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma. However, radiation recall after capecitabine for nasopharyngeal carcinoma has not been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 64-year-old Chinese woman with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma previously treated with induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiation 6 years ago. She developed cervical, mediastinal, and abdominal nodal relapses 14 months later...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Beatrice G Kuhlmann, Dayna R Touron
The present study examined how the presentation format of the study list influences younger and older adults' semantic clustering. Spontaneous clustering did not differ between age groups or between an individual-words (presentation of individual study words in consecution) and a whole-list (presentation of the whole study list at once for the same total duration) presentation format in 132 younger (18-30 years, M = 19.7) and 120 older (60-84 years, M = 69.5) adults. However, after instructions to use semantic clustering (second list) age-related differences in recall magnified, indicating a utilization deficiency, and both age groups achieved higher recall in the whole-list than in the individual-words format...
September 5, 2016: Psychology and Aging
Steffen Moritz, Ryan P Balzan, Francesca Bohn, Ruth Veckenstedt, Katharina Kolbeck, Julia Bierbrodt, Mona Dietrichkeit
BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia display a number of cognitive biases, particularly a tendency to jump to conclusions, which are implicated in the pathogenesis of the disorder. The present study contrasted the degree of objective reasoning biases with subjective cognitive insight. We expected that patients with schizophrenia would display greater objective than subjective impairment suggestive of poor metacognitive awareness. METHODS: Patients with schizophrenia (n=140) and healthy controls (n=60) underwent a test battery encompassing a cognitive bias paradigm (beads task) as well as neurocognitive tests (story recall, trail-making tests)...
August 31, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
Niveditha Devasenapathy, Suparna Ghosh Jerath, Saket Sharma, Elizabeth Allen, Anuraj H Shankar, Sanjay Zodpey
OBJECTIVES: Aggregate data on childhood immunisation from urban settings may not reflect the coverage among the urban poor. This study provides information on complete childhood immunisation coverage among the urban poor, and explores its household and neighbourhood-level determinants. SETTING: Urban poor community in the Southeast district of Delhi, India. PARTICIPANTS: We randomly sampled 1849 children aged 1-3.5 years from 13 451 households in 39 clusters (cluster defined as area covered by a community health worker) in 2 large urban poor settlements...
2016: BMJ Open
Jonathan Kam, Elizabeth Harrop, Priscilla Parmar, Raymond Kim, Nicholas Leith, Indunil Gunawardena
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of preoperative phone counseling by junior medical staff for improving the standard of informed consent for tonsillectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled trial. SETTING: District general hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 43 patients undergoing tonsillectomy were randomly allocated to 2 groups. Group A (n = 25) underwent the conventional consent process by the consultant ear, nose, and throat surgeon at the time of assessment (which generally takes place 6 to 12 months prior to surgery due to wait-list times)...
August 23, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Katja Schrøder, Pia Veldt Larsen, Jan Stener Jørgensen, Jacob V B Hjelmborg, Ronald F Lamont, Niels Christian Hvidt
OBJECTIVE: this study investigates the self-reported psychosocial health and well-being of obstetricians and midwives in Denmark during the most recent four weeks as well as their recall of their health and well-being immediately following their exposure to a traumatic childbirth. MATERIAL AND METHODS: a 2012 national survey of all Danish obstetricians and midwives (n=2098). The response rate was 59% of which 85% (n=1027) stated that they had been involved in a traumatic childbirth...
October 2016: Midwifery
Jeff Aston, Natasha Patel, Justin Smuels, Teena Aujla, Georgia Malesi, Chi Huynh, Keith Wilson, David Terry
AIM: To identify what medicines related information children/young people or their parents/carers are able to recall following an out-patient clinic appointment. METHOD: A convenience sample of patients' prescribed at least one new long-term (>6 weeks) medicine were recruited from a single UK paediatric hospital out-patient pharmacy.A face-to-face semi-structured questionnaire was administered to participants when they presented with their prescription. The questionnaire included the following themes: names of the medicines, therapeutic indication, dose regimen, duration of treatment and adverse effects...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Martina Amanzio, Federico D'Agata, Sara Palermo, Elisa Rubino, Milena Zucca, Antonello Galati, Lorenzo Pinessi, Giancarlo Castellano, Innocenzo Rainero
A decline in instrumental activities of daily living has been described as the earliest functional deficit in patients with neurodegenerative disease. It embraces specific competencies such as: "recalling the date and telephone calls, orienting to new places, remembering the location of objects at home, understanding conversation and the plot of a movie, keeping belongings in order, doing mental calculations and handling money, remembering appointments and shopping lists and performing clerical work". Since changes in instrumental daily living activities are one of the descriptors of behavioural-variant frontotemporal dementia, we decided to investigate the neural correlates of a reduced awareness in this specific domain in twenty-three consecutive behavioural-variant frontotemporal dementia patients...
October 2016: Experimental Gerontology
Richard P Golonka, Bonnie M Dobbs, Brian H Rowe, Don Voaklander
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of booster seat misuse in a Canadian province and identify determinants of non-use. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using parking lot interviews and in-vehicle restraint inspections by trained staff was conducted at 67 randomly selected childcare centres across Alberta. Only booster-eligible children were included in this analysis. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) are reported using unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression...
2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Hannah Pitt, Samantha L Thomas, Amy Bestman, Melissa Stoneham, Mike Daube
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how children and adults recall the content and promotional channels for sports wagering marketing. METHODS: A mixed methods study of 152 parent/child (8-16 years) dyads was conducted at AFL (Australian Football League), NRL (National Rugby League), and soccer sporting sites in New South Wales and Victoria, Australia. Questions related to the frequency of viewing AFL and NRL matches, sports wagering promotions and perceptions of the normalisation of wagering in sport...
October 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Sophie Schmitz, Tanja Groten, Ekkehard Schleussner, Wilgard Battefeld, Peter Hillemanns, Cordula Schippert, Frauke von Versen-Höynck
PURPOSE: Knowledge of risks, adequate pre- and post-partum care, and counseling is essential to reduce short- and long-term consequences for women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and their offspring. Our study explored the current GDM guideline knowledge and practiced patient counseling of private gynecologists in Germany. METHODS: A survey assessing the GDM guidelines and patient counseling was mailed to 775 practicing gynecologists. We evaluated the knowledge of maternal and offspring disease risks, counseling practice, and guideline awareness...
August 10, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
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