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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805672/challenges-in-estimating-vaccine-coverage-in-refugee-and-displaced-populations-results-from-household-surveys-in-jordan-and-lebanon
#1
Timothy Roberton, William Weiss, Shannon Doocy
Ensuring the sustained immunization of displaced persons is a key objective in humanitarian emergencies. Typically, humanitarian actors measure coverage of single vaccines following an immunization campaign; few measure routine coverage of all vaccines. We undertook household surveys of Syrian refugees in Jordan and Lebanon, outside of camps, using a mix of random and respondent-driven sampling, to measure coverage of all vaccinations included in the host country's vaccine schedule. We analyzed the results with a critical eye to data limitations and implications for similar studies...
August 12, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771470/chromoblastomycosis-in-india-review-of-169-cases
#2
REVIEW
Reshu Agarwal, Gagandeep Singh, Arnab Ghosh, Kaushal Kumar Verma, Mragnayani Pandey, Immaculata Xess
Chromoblastomycosis (CBM) is a chronic, progressive, cutaneous and subcutaneous fungal infection following the traumatic implantation of certain dematiaceous fungi. The disease has worldwide prevalence with predominant cases reported from humid tropical and subtropical regions of America, Asia, and Africa. Diagnosis is often delayed or misdirected either due to poor degree of clinical suspicions or clinical simulation of dermatological conditions. The infection is not uncommon in India and several case reports from the sub-Himalayan belt and western and eastern coasts of India have been published; however, very few have reviewed the cases...
August 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766459/subjective-cognitive-complaints-and-neuropsychological-performance-in-former-smokers-with-and-without-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#3
Amanda M Brunette, Kristen E Holm, Frederick S Wamboldt, Elizabeth Kozora, David J Moser, Barry J Make, James D Crapo, Kimberly Meschede, Howard D Weinberger, Kerrie L Moreau, Russell P Bowler, Karin F Hoth
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association of perceived cognitive difficulties with objective cognitive performance in former smokers. We hypothesized that greater perceived cognitive difficulties would be associated with poorer performance on objective executive and memory tasks. METHOD: Participants were 95 former smokers recruited from the COPDGene study. They completed questionnaires (including the Cognitive Difficulties Scale [CDS] and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [HADS]), neuropsychological assessment, and pulmonary function testing...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764682/informing-tobacco-control-policy-in-jordan-assessing-the-effectiveness-of-pictorial-warning-labels-on-cigarette-packs
#4
Rasha K Bader, Rawan A Shihab, Dalia H Al-Rimawi, Feras I Hawari
BACKGROUND: Pictorial warning labels (PWLs) deter initiation and motivate quitting. Assessing PWLs is important to track effectiveness and wear out. Jordan introduced an updated set of PWLs in 2013. This study assessed the effectiveness of the set after 2.5 years on the market. METHODS: We administered a survey in a cross-sectional sample of young adults aged 17-26 years. For convenience, respondents were recruited on university campuses. For heterogeneity, respondents were solicited from the different schools in four geographically diverse university campuses...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760363/strategies-for-decreasing-screening-mammography-recall-rates-while-maintaining-performance-metrics
#5
Lisa A Mullen, Babita Panigrahi, Jacqueline Hollada, Benita Panigrahi, Eniola T Falomo, Susan C Harvey
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the impact of interventions designed to reduce screening mammography recall rates on screening performance metrics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed baseline performance for full-field digital mammography (FFDM) and digital breast tomosynthesis mammography (DBT) for a 3-year period before intervention. The first intervention sought to increase awareness of recalls from screening mammography. Breast imagers discussed their perceptions regarding screening recalls and were required to review their own recalled cases, including outcomes of diagnostic evaluation and biopsy...
July 28, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758184/motor-evoked-potentials-and-bis-guided-anaesthesia-in-image-guided-mini-invasive-neurosurgery-of-supratentorial-tumors-nearby-the-cortico-spinal-tract
#6
Roberto Cordella, Eleonora Orena, Francesco Acerbi, Elena Beretta, Dario Caldiroli, Francesco Dimeco, Carla Carozzi
AIM: to describe and evaluate the anaesthesiological regimen used in neurophysiologically monitored image-guided mini-invasive neurosurgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 24 patients underwent elective surgery under general anaesthesia that was administered through Target Controlled Infusion (TCI) for effect-site concentration (Ce) of Propofol and Remifentanil, targeting Bispectral Index (BIS) in the 40-60 intervals. Stimulating intensity of transcranial motor evoked potentials (tMEP), BIS index, Propofol and Remifentanil Ce were collected at MEPs threshold (T) definition (respectively BIS@T, CeProp@T and CeRemi@T)...
June 14, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747237/mental-health-care-utilisation-among-internally-displaced-persons-in-ukraine-results-from-a-nation-wide-survey
#7
B Roberts, N Makhashvili, J Javakhishvili, A Karachevskyy, N Kharchenko, M Shpiker, E Richardson
Aims There are an estimated 1.5 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Ukraine because of the armed conflict in the east of the country. The aim of this paper is to examine utilisation patterns of mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) care among IDPs in Ukraine. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was used. Data were collected from 2203 adult IDPs throughout Ukraine between March and May 2016. Data on mental health care utilisation were collected, along with outcomes including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety...
July 27, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742465/engaging-agribusinesses-feasibility-and-cost-of-an-atv-safety-poster-project
#8
Charles A Jennissen, Shane Sweat, Kristel Wetjen, Pam Hoogerwerf, Gerene M Denning
OBJECTIVES: All-terrain vehicle (ATV)-related deaths and injuries continue to be a significant problem. Influential change agents such as agribusinesses could be important partners for improving safety behaviors among rural ATV users. Our objective was to determine how effectively an injury prevention project could engage agribusinesses through the postal service and to assess their willingness to display a safety poster. METHODS: 1244 agribusinesses received an ATV safety poster and a postcard survey by mail...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726067/lifestyle-advice-provision-to-teenage-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-the-perspective-of-health-professionals-in-the-uk
#9
Gemma Pugh, Rachael Hough, Helen Gravestock, Kate Williams, Abigail Fisher
PURPOSE: Health professionals are an important source of information for teenage and young adult (TYA) cancer patients. However, little is known about health professionals' provision of lifestyle advice to young people with cancer who are in their care. METHODS: An online survey was distributed to health professionals within the UK who identified themselves as working with TYA cancer patients. Health professional awareness of lifestyle guidance, provision of lifestyle advice to young people and views on lifestyle information format and delivery were explored...
July 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693462/the-antibiotic-guardian-campaign-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-an-online-pledge-based-system-focused-on-making-better-use-of-antibiotics
#10
Joanna May Kesten, Alex Bhattacharya, Diane Ashiru-Oredope, Maya Gobin, Suzanne Audrey
BACKGROUND: The Antibiotic Guardian Campaign was developed to increase commitment to reducing Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR), change behaviour and increase knowledge through an online pledge system for healthcare professionals and members of the public to become Antibiotic Guardians (AG). This qualitative evaluation aimed to understand AG experiences of the campaign and perceived impact on behaviour. METHODS: Ninety-four AGs (48 via a survey and 46 who had agreed to future contact) were invited to participate in a telephone semi-structured interview...
July 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686595/the-effectiveness-of-celebrities-in-conservation-marketing
#11
Elizabeth Duthie, Diogo Veríssimo, Aidan Keane, Andrew T Knight
Celebrities are frequently used in conservation marketing as a tool to raise awareness, generate funding and effect behaviour change. The importance of evaluating effectiveness is widely recognised in both marketing and conservation but, to date, little research into the effectiveness of celebrity endorsement as a tool for conservation marketing has been published. Using a combination of interviews and an online choice survey instrument, we investigated the extent to which a sample of UK-based conservation organisations, and other charities, evaluate their own usage of celebrity endorsement, and then carried out an experimental evaluation of a hypothetical marketing campaign...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676381/knowledge-of-influenza-vaccination-recommendation-and-early-vaccination-uptake-during-the-2015-16-season-among-adults-aged-%C3%A2-18years-united-states
#12
Peng-Jun Lu, Anup Srivastav, Tammy A Santibanez, M Christopher Stringer, Michael Bostwick, Jill A Dever, Marshica Stanley Kurtz, Walter W Williams
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has recommended that all persons aged ≥6months receive annual influenza vaccination. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2015 National Internet Flu Survey (NIFS), to assess knowledge and awareness of the influenza vaccination recommendation and early influenza vaccination coverage during the 2015-16 season among adults. Predictive marginals from a multivariable logistic regression model were used to identify factors independently associated with adults' knowledge and awareness of the vaccination recommendation and early vaccine uptake during the 2015-16 influenza season...
July 1, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664653/care-as-narrative-practice-in-the-context-of-long-term-care-theoretical-considerations
#13
Charlotte Berendonk, Bodil Hansen Blix, William L Randall, Clive Baldwin, Vera Caine
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: In this article, we introduce care itself as a narrative practice. We emphasise that all interactions between care providers and older adults in long-term care settings are narrative in nature and foreground experience. BACKGROUND: Every person consists of innumerable stories based on experiences over time. Some experiences can be recalled and told as narratives, while others are inscribed into our bodies; they are embodied. These narratives shape who we are and are becoming, and influence how care providers experience and provide nursing care in long-term care settings...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663647/incidence-of-awareness-with-recall-under-general-anesthesia-in-rural-india-an-observational-study
#14
Deepak Singla, Mishu Mangla
CONTEXT: Awareness under anesthesia is a rare but extremely unpleasant phenomenon. There are very few studies in the developing world and none from rural areas where incidence of intraoperative awareness may be higher due to increased patient load, limited patient knowledge and lack of trained hospital staff, reliance on older, cheaper but less effective drugs, and lack of proper equipment both for providing anesthesia, as well as monitoring the patient. AIMS: To assess the incidence of intraoperative awareness during general anesthesia among patients in rural India and any factors associated with the same...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647139/impact-of-raised-serum-cobalt-levels-from-recalled-articular-surface-replacement-hip-prostheses-on-the-visual-pathway
#15
Timothy Unsworth-Smith, Jane C Khan, Riaz J K Khan, Enid Chelva, Caroline Ann Lim, Samantha Haebich, Michelle L Trevenen
BACKGROUND: The articular surface replacement (ASR) was recalled in 2010 because of higher than expected revision rates. Patients reported symptoms of neurologic dysfunction including poor vision. This cohort study, using objective measurements, aimed to establish whether a higher incidence of visual function defects exists in ASR patients. METHODS: Thirty-three ASR patients and 33 non-ASR controls (control 1) were recruited. Data were compared with normative population data from the visual electrophysiology database (control 2)...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592258/pathways-linking-car-transport-for-young-adults-and-the-public-health-in-northern-ireland-a-qualitative-study-to-inform-the-evaluation-of-graduated-driver-licensing
#16
Nicola Christie, Rebecca Steinbach, Judith Green, M Patricia Mullan, Lindsay Prior
BACKGROUND: Novice drivers are at relatively high risk of road traffic injury. There is good evidence that Graduated Driving Licensing (GDL) schemes reduce collisions rates, by reducing exposure to risk and by extending learning periods. Legislation for a proposed scheme in Northern Ireland was passed in 2016, providing an opportunity for future evaluation of the full public health impacts of a scheme in a European context within a natural experiment. This qualitative study was designed to inform the logic model for such an evaluation, and provide baseline qualitative data on the role of private cars in health and wellbeing...
June 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569334/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-agricultural-workers-towards-tetanus-vaccine-a-field-report
#17
M Riccò, B Razio, C Panato, L Poletti, C Signorelli
BACKGROUND: Agricultural Workers are both more exposed to tetanus and at higher risk to be inadequately immunized than other usual recipients of the same vaccine. STUDY DESIGN: Our cross-sectional questionnaire-based study aimed to evaluate tetanus vaccination status, knowledge, attitudes and practices in Agricultural Workers in North-Eastern Italy. METHODS: Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify, from individual and work-related characteristics, factors significantly associated with appropriate vaccination status...
July 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566003/memory-and-executive-functions-correlates-of-self-awareness-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Nicolle Zimmermann, Daniel C Mograbi, Andressa Hermes-Pereira, Rochele P Fonseca, George P Prigatano
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the contribution of executive functions (EF) components and episodic and working memory variables, as well as clinical and demographic factors, to awareness of cognitive ability in traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Sixty-five TBI patients (mild: n = 26; moderate/severe: n = 39) took part in the study. Independent stepwise regression models were calculated for EF and memory predictors, with awareness being measured by patient/informant discrepancy in the Patient Competency Rating Scale...
July 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560735/impact-of-the-swedish-national-stroke-campaign-on-stroke-awareness
#19
A Nordanstig, K Asplund, B Norrving, N Wahlgren, P Wester, L Rosengren
BACKGROUND: Time delay from stroke onset to arrival in hospital is an important obstacle to widespread reperfusion therapy. To increase knowledge about stroke, and potentially decrease this delay, a 27-month national public information campaign was carried out in Sweden. AIMS: To assess the effects of a national stroke campaign in Sweden. METHODS: The variables used to measure campaign effects were knowledge of the AKUT test [a Swedish equivalent of the FAST (Face-Arm-Speech-Time)] test and intent to call 112 (emergency telephone number) ...
May 31, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538500/parental-perceptions-of-obesity-and-obesity-risk-associated-with-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#20
Gary L Jones, Wendy McClellan, Sripriya Raman, Ashley Sherman, Erin Guest, Keith August
The prevalence of obesity and related comorbidities in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is well established and ranges anywhere from 29% to 69% depending on the study. We sought to explore the awareness of parents of survivors of childhood ALL regarding the increased risk of obesity and their perceptions regarding the overall health of their child. One hundred twenty-one parents of 99 survivors of pediatric ALL completed surveys regarding perceptions of obesity risk in survivors. Eighty percent of parents of overweight and obese survivors correctly identified their child as "a little overweight" or "overweight...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
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