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Awareness with recall

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934933/medicine-use-practices-in-management-of-symptoms-of-acute-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-in-children-%C3%A2-12%C3%A2-years-in-kampala-city-uganda
#1
Moses Ocan, Mary Aono, Clare Bukirwa, Emmanuel Luyinda, Cathy Ochwo, Elastus Nsambu, Stella Namugonza, Joseph Makoba, Enock Kandaruku, Hannington Muyende, Aida Nakawunde
BACKGROUND: Medicines are commonly accessed and used for management of illness in children without a prescription. This potentially increases the risk of unwanted treatment outcomes. We investigated medicine use practices in management of symptoms of acute upper respiratory tract infections among children (≤12 years) in households in Nakawa division, Kampala city. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 390 randomly selected children. Data on use of medicines in children (≤12 years) during recent episode of acute upper respiratory tract infection was collected from their care takers using an interviewer administered questionnaire...
September 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889788/exploring-perspectives-on-restraint-during-medical-procedures-in-paediatric-care-a-qualitative-interview-study-with-nurses-and-physicians
#2
Edel Jannecke Svendsen, Reidar Pedersen, Anne Moen, Ida Torunn Bjørk
The aim of this study was to explore nurses' and physicians' perspectives on and reasoning about the use of restraint during medical procedures on newly admitted preschoolers in somatic hospital care. We analysed qualitative data from individual interviews with a video recall session at the end with seven physicians and eight nurses. They had earlier participated in video recorded peripheral vein cannulations on preschool children. The data were collected between May 2012 and May 2013 at a paediatric hospital unit in Norway...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888148/hypoglycemia-awareness-among-insulin-treated-patients-with-diabetes-in-malaysia-a-cohort-subanalysis-of-the-hat-study
#3
Zanariah Hussein, Nor Azmi Kamaruddin, Siew Pheng Chan, Anand Jain, Shweta Uppal, Wan Mohamad Wan Bebakar
AIMS: The present Malaysian cohort analysis determined the prevalence of hypoglycemia among patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) attending primary care- or hospital-based diabetes clinics in Malaysia and their awareness of the symptoms of hypoglycemia. METHODS: The Hypoglycemia Assessment Tool (HAT) study was a non-interventional, 6-month retrospective and 4-week prospective analysis of hypoglycemic events in 24 countries, using self-assessment questionnaires and diaries among patients with T1DM/T2DM aged ≥18years, using insulin for >12months...
August 14, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882544/gene2disco-gene-to-disease-using-disease-commonalities
#4
Marco Frasca
OBJECTIVE: Finding the human genes co-causing complex diseases, also known as "disease-genes", is one of the emerging and challenging tasks in biomedicine. This process, termed gene prioritization (GP), is characterized by a scarcity of known disease-genes for most diseases, and by a vast amount of heterogeneous data, usually encoded into networks describing different types of functional relationships between genes. In addition, different diseases may share common profiles (e.g. genetic or therapeutic profiles), and exploiting disease commonalities may significantly enhance the performance of GP methods...
September 4, 2017: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859049/awareness-beliefs-and-actions-concerning-zika-virus-among-pregnant-women-and-community-members-u-s-virgin-islands-november-december-2016
#5
Christine E Prue, Joseph N Roth, Amanda Garcia-Williams, Alison Yoos, Lena Camperlengo, Leah DeWilde, Mohammed Lamtahri, Andra Prosper, Cosme Harrison, Lauren Witbart, Irene Guendel, Douglas M Wiegand, Natasha R Lamens, Braeanna Hillman, Michelle S Davis, Esther M Ellis
As of May 2, 2017, the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI), comprising St. Thomas, St. John, and St. Croix, had reported 1,021 probable or confirmed cases* of Zika virus disease in its population of approximately 100,000 (1); 222 symptomatic and asymptomatic pregnant women in the USVI had tested positive for Zika virus. In January 2016, USVI Department of Health (USVI DOH) initiated Zika response measures, including surveillance, vector control, and a communications program. Interventions included education and outreach, distribution of Zika prevention kits(†) to pregnant women in the USVI, and provision of free Zika virus laboratory testing and vector control services...
September 1, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837683/birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-among-the-women-beneficiaries-of-selected-rural-primary-health-centers-of-dakshina-kannada-district-karnataka-india
#6
Kibballi Madhukeshwar Akshaya, Siddharudha Shivalli
INTRODUCTION: Birth preparedness and complication readiness (BPCR) is a strategy to promote timely use of skilled maternal and neonatal care during childbirth. According to World Health Organization, BPCR should be a key component of focused antenatal care. Dakshina Kannada, a coastal district of Karnataka state, is categorized as a high-performing district (institutional delivery rate >25%) under the National Rural Health Mission. However, a substantial proportion of women in the district experience complications during pregnancy (58...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828366/sedation-and-neuromuscular-blocking-agents-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
Jeremy Bourenne, Sami Hraiech, Antoine Roch, Marc Gainnier, Laurent Papazian, Jean-Marie Forel
Mechanical ventilation (MV) is the cornerstone of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) management. The use of protective ventilation is a priority in this acute phase of lung inflammation. Neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) induce reversible muscle paralysis. Their use in patients with ARDS remains controversial but occurs frequently. NMBAs are used in 25-45% of ARDS patients for a mean period of 1±2 days. The main indications of NMBAs are hypoxemia and facilitation of MV. For ethical reasons, NMBA use is inseparable from sedation in the management of early ARDS...
July 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805672/challenges-in-estimating-vaccine-coverage-in-refugee-and-displaced-populations-results-from-household-surveys-in-jordan-and-lebanon
#8
Timothy Roberton, William Weiss, Shannon Doocy
Ensuring the sustained immunization of displaced persons is a key objective in humanitarian emergencies. Typically, humanitarian actors measure coverage of single vaccines following an immunization campaign; few measure routine coverage of all vaccines. We undertook household surveys of Syrian refugees in Jordan and Lebanon, outside of camps, using a mix of random and respondent-driven sampling, to measure coverage of all vaccinations included in the host country's vaccine schedule. We analyzed the results with a critical eye to data limitations and implications for similar studies...
August 12, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771470/chromoblastomycosis-in-india-review-of-169-cases
#9
REVIEW
Reshu Agarwal, Gagandeep Singh, Arnab Ghosh, Kaushal Kumar Verma, Mragnayani Pandey, Immaculata Xess
Chromoblastomycosis (CBM) is a chronic, progressive, cutaneous and subcutaneous fungal infection following the traumatic implantation of certain dematiaceous fungi. The disease has worldwide prevalence with predominant cases reported from humid tropical and subtropical regions of America, Asia, and Africa. Diagnosis is often delayed or misdirected either due to poor degree of clinical suspicions or clinical simulation of dermatological conditions. The infection is not uncommon in India and several case reports from the sub-Himalayan belt and western and eastern coasts of India have been published; however, very few have reviewed the cases...
August 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766459/subjective-cognitive-complaints-and-neuropsychological-performance-in-former-smokers-with-and-without-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#10
Amanda M Brunette, Kristen E Holm, Frederick S Wamboldt, Elizabeth Kozora, David J Moser, Barry J Make, James D Crapo, Kimberly Meschede, Howard D Weinberger, Kerrie L Moreau, Russell P Bowler, Karin F Hoth
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association of perceived cognitive difficulties with objective cognitive performance in former smokers. We hypothesized that greater perceived cognitive difficulties would be associated with poorer performance on objective executive and memory tasks. METHOD: Participants were 95 former smokers recruited from the COPDGene study. They completed questionnaires (including the Cognitive Difficulties Scale [CDS] and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [HADS]), neuropsychological assessment, and pulmonary function testing...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764682/informing-tobacco-control-policy-in-jordan-assessing-the-effectiveness-of-pictorial-warning-labels-on-cigarette-packs
#11
Rasha K Bader, Rawan A Shihab, Dalia H Al-Rimawi, Feras I Hawari
BACKGROUND: Pictorial warning labels (PWLs) deter initiation and motivate quitting. Assessing PWLs is important to track effectiveness and wear out. Jordan introduced an updated set of PWLs in 2013. This study assessed the effectiveness of the set after 2.5 years on the market. METHODS: We administered a survey in a cross-sectional sample of young adults aged 17-26 years. For convenience, respondents were recruited on university campuses. For heterogeneity, respondents were solicited from the different schools in four geographically diverse university campuses...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760363/strategies-for-decreasing-screening-mammography-recall-rates-while-maintaining-performance-metrics
#12
Lisa A Mullen, Babita Panigrahi, Jacqueline Hollada, Benita Panigrahi, Eniola T Falomo, Susan C Harvey
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the impact of interventions designed to reduce screening mammography recall rates on screening performance metrics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed baseline performance for full-field digital mammography (FFDM) and digital breast tomosynthesis mammography (DBT) for a 3-year period before intervention. The first intervention sought to increase awareness of recalls from screening mammography. Breast imagers discussed their perceptions regarding screening recalls and were required to review their own recalled cases, including outcomes of diagnostic evaluation and biopsy...
July 28, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758184/motor-evoked-potentials-and-bis-guided-anaesthesia-in-image-guided-mini-invasive-neurosurgery-of-supratentorial-tumors-nearby-the-cortico-spinal-tract
#13
Roberto Cordella, Eleonora Orena, Francesco Acerbi, Elena Beretta, Dario Caldiroli, Francesco Dimeco, Carla Carozzi
AIM: to describe and evaluate the anaesthesiological regimen used in neurophysiologically monitored image-guided mini-invasive neurosurgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 24 patients underwent elective surgery under general anaesthesia that was administered through Target Controlled Infusion (TCI) for effect-site concentration (Ce) of Propofol and Remifentanil, targeting Bispectral Index (BIS) in the 40-60 intervals. Stimulating intensity of transcranial motor evoked potentials (tMEP), BIS index, Propofol and Remifentanil Ce were collected at MEPs threshold (T) definition (respectively BIS@T, CeProp@T and CeRemi@T)...
June 14, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747237/mental-health-care-utilisation-among-internally-displaced-persons-in-ukraine-results-from-a-nation-wide-survey
#14
B Roberts, N Makhashvili, J Javakhishvili, A Karachevskyy, N Kharchenko, M Shpiker, E Richardson
Aims There are an estimated 1.5 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Ukraine because of the armed conflict in the east of the country. The aim of this paper is to examine utilisation patterns of mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) care among IDPs in Ukraine. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was used. Data were collected from 2203 adult IDPs throughout Ukraine between March and May 2016. Data on mental health care utilisation were collected, along with outcomes including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety...
July 27, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742465/engaging-agribusinesses-feasibility-and-cost-of-an-atv-safety-poster-project
#15
Charles A Jennissen, Shane Sweat, Kristel Wetjen, Pam Hoogerwerf, Gerene M Denning
OBJECTIVES: All-terrain vehicle (ATV)-related deaths and injuries continue to be a significant problem. Influential change agents such as agribusinesses could be important partners for improving safety behaviors among rural ATV users. Our objective was to determine how effectively an injury prevention project could engage agribusinesses through the postal service and to assess their willingness to display a safety poster. METHODS: One thousand two hundred forty-four agribusinesses received an ATV safety poster and a postcard survey by mail...
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726067/lifestyle-advice-provision-to-teenage-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-the-perspective-of-health-professionals-in-the-uk
#16
Gemma Pugh, Rachael Hough, Helen Gravestock, Kate Williams, Abigail Fisher
PURPOSE: Health professionals are an important source of information for teenage and young adult (TYA) cancer patients. However, little is known about health professionals' provision of lifestyle advice to young people with cancer who are in their care. METHODS: An online survey was distributed to health professionals within the UK who identified themselves as working with TYA cancer patients. Health professional awareness of lifestyle guidance, provision of lifestyle advice to young people and views on lifestyle information format and delivery were explored...
July 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693462/the-antibiotic-guardian-campaign-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-an-online-pledge-based-system-focused-on-making-better-use-of-antibiotics
#17
Joanna May Kesten, Alex Bhattacharya, Diane Ashiru-Oredope, Maya Gobin, Suzanne Audrey
BACKGROUND: The Antibiotic Guardian Campaign was developed to increase commitment to reducing Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR), change behaviour and increase knowledge through an online pledge system for healthcare professionals and members of the public to become Antibiotic Guardians (AG). This qualitative evaluation aimed to understand AG experiences of the campaign and perceived impact on behaviour. METHODS: Ninety-four AGs (48 via a survey and 46 who had agreed to future contact) were invited to participate in a telephone semi-structured interview...
July 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686595/the-effectiveness-of-celebrities-in-conservation-marketing
#18
Elizabeth Duthie, Diogo Veríssimo, Aidan Keane, Andrew T Knight
Celebrities are frequently used in conservation marketing as a tool to raise awareness, generate funding and effect behaviour change. The importance of evaluating effectiveness is widely recognised in both marketing and conservation but, to date, little research into the effectiveness of celebrity endorsement as a tool for conservation marketing has been published. Using a combination of interviews and an online choice survey instrument, we investigated the extent to which a sample of UK-based conservation organisations, and other charities, evaluate their own usage of celebrity endorsement, and then carried out an experimental evaluation of a hypothetical marketing campaign...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676381/knowledge-of-influenza-vaccination-recommendation-and-early-vaccination-uptake-during-the-2015-16-season-among-adults-aged-%C3%A2-18years-united-states
#19
Peng-Jun Lu, Anup Srivastav, Tammy A Santibanez, M Christopher Stringer, Michael Bostwick, Jill A Dever, Marshica Stanley Kurtz, Walter W Williams
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has recommended that all persons aged ≥6months receive annual influenza vaccination. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2015 National Internet Flu Survey (NIFS), to assess knowledge and awareness of the influenza vaccination recommendation and early influenza vaccination coverage during the 2015-16 season among adults. Predictive marginals from a multivariable logistic regression model were used to identify factors independently associated with adults' knowledge and awareness of the vaccination recommendation and early vaccine uptake during the 2015-16 influenza season...
July 1, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664653/care-as-narrative-practice-in-the-context-of-long-term-care-theoretical-considerations
#20
Charlotte Berendonk, Bodil Hansen Blix, William L Randall, Clive Baldwin, Vera Caine
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: In this article, we introduce care itself as a narrative practice. We emphasise that all interactions between care providers and older adults in long-term care settings are narrative in nature and foreground experience. BACKGROUND: Every person consists of innumerable stories based on experiences over time. Some experiences can be recalled and told as narratives, while others are inscribed into our bodies; they are embodied. These narratives shape who we are and are becoming, and influence how care providers experience and provide nursing care in long-term care settings...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
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