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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898455/clinical-implications-of-the-microbiome-in-urinary-tract-diseases
#1
Andreas Hiergeist, André Gessner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to outline and evaluate the most recent literature on the role of the microbiome in urinary tract diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: High throughput molecular DNA sequencing of bacterial 16S rRNA genes enabled the analysis of complex microbial communities inhabiting the human urinary tract. Several recent studies have identified bacterial taxa of the urinary microbiome to impact urinary tract diseases including interstitial cystitis, urgency urinary incontinence or calcium oxalate stone formation...
November 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26926816/common-questions-about-chronic-prostatitis
#2
James D Holt, W Allan Garrett, Tyler K McCurry, Joel M H Teichman
Chronic prostatitis is relatively common, with a lifetime prevalence of 1.8% to 8.2%. Risk factors include conditions that facilitate introduction of bacteria into the urethra and prostate (which also predispose the patient to urinary tract infections) and conditions that can lead to chronic neuropathic pain. Chronic prostatitis must be differentiated from other causes of chronic pelvic pain, such as interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome and pelvic floor dysfunction; prostate and bladder cancers; benign prostatic hyperplasia; urolithiasis; and other causes of dysuria, urinary frequency, and nocturia...
February 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26676289/urinary-nerve-growth-factor-levels-in-urinary-tract-diseases-with-or-without-frequency-urgency-symptoms
#3
Hann-Chorng Kuo, Hsin-Tzu Liu, Pradeep Tyagi, Michael B Chancellor
OBJECTIVES: To measure urinary nerve growth factor (NGF) levels in patients with several urinary tract diseases under different conditions and compare with NGF levels in patients with overactive bladder (OAB) and interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS). METHODS: Urinary NGF levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and normalized by urinary creatinine concentration. Patients with acute bacterial cystitis, urinary tract stone, urothelial cell carcinoma, and OAB patients after antimuscarinic therapy were evaluated...
September 2010: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26623336/fosfomycin-uses-and-potentialities-in-veterinary-medicine
#4
REVIEW
D S Pérez, M O Tapia, A L Soraci
Fosfomycin (FOS) is a natural bactericidal broad-spectrum antibiotic which acts on proliferating bacteria by inhibiting cell wall and early murein/peptidoglycan synthesis. Bactericidal activity is evident against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria and can also act synergistically with other antibiotics. Bacterial resistance to FOS may be natural or acquired. Other properties of this drug include inhibition of bacterial adhesion to epithelial cells, exopolysaccharide biofilm penetration, immunomodulatory effect, phagocytosis promotion and protection against the nephrotoxicity caused by other drugs...
2014: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26337167/-urethral-pain-syndrome-fact-or-fiction-an-update
#5
REVIEW
N M Dreger, S Degener, S Roth, A S Brandt, D A Lazica
BACKGROUND: Urethral pain syndrome is a symptom complex including dysuria, urinary urgency and frequency, nocturia and persistent or intermittent urethral and/or pelvic pain in the absence of proven infection. These symptoms overlap with several other conditions, such as interstitial cystitis bladder pain syndrome and overactive bladder. Urethral pain syndrome may occur in men but is more frequent in women. DIAGNOSTIC: The exact etiology is unknown but infectious and psychogenic factors, urethral spasms, early interstitial cystitis, hypoestrogenism, squamous metaplasia as well as gynecological risk factors are discussed...
September 2015: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25587284/efficient-and-cost-effective-alternative-treatment-for-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-and-interstitial-cystitis-in-women-a-two-case-report
#6
Anthony Mansour, Essa Hariri, Samar Shelh, Ralph Irani, Mohamad Mroueh
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common bacterial infections affecting women. UTIs are primarily caused by Escherichia coli, which increases the likelihood of a recurrent infection. We encountered two cases of recurrent UTIs (rUTIs) with a positive E. coli culture, not improving with antibiotics due to the development of antibiotic resistance. An alternative therapeutic regimen based on parsley and garlic, L-arginine, probiotics, and cranberry tablets has been given. This regimen showed a significant health improvement and symptoms relief without recurrence for more than 12 months...
2014: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24917721/the-clinical-effectiveness-of-intravesical-sodium-hyaluronate-cystistat%C3%A2-in-patients-with-interstitial-cystitis-painful-bladder-syndrome-and-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections
#7
Ijabla Raymond, Nikhil Vasdev, Jill Ferguson, Marion Haskin, Liz Davis, Tahseen S Hasan
OBJECTIVE: Painful bladder syndrome/interstitial cystitis (PBS/IC) and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI) are clinically challenging conditions to manage in patients. We evaluate the clinical use of intravesical sodium hyaluronate (Cystistat®) in both these patient groups who have completed treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients with recurrent UTIs (Group I) and 8 patients with PBS/IC (Group II) received intravesical sodium hyaluronate (Cystistat®)...
September 2012: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24807503/efficacy-and-safety-of-augmentation-ileocystoplasty-combined-with-supratrigonal-cystectomy-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-bladder-pain-syndrome-interstitial-cystitis-with-hunner-s-lesion
#8
Hyung Joon Kim, Jae Seong Lee, Won Jin Cho, Hyo Serk Lee, Ha Na Lee, Hyun Wook You, Wonho Jung, Kyu-Sung Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of augmentation ileocystoplasty with supratrigonal cystectomy for the treatment of refractory bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis patients with Hunner's lesion. METHODS: Of 45 patients who underwent augmentation ileocystoplasty with supratrigonal cystectomy between July 2006 and June 2012, 40 patients (33 women, 7 men) were included in the analysis. Primary outcome was the change in the O'Leary-Sant interstitial cystitis symptoms/problem index from baseline to 1, 3 and 6 months...
April 2014: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24395198/sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-accompanied-with-interstitial-cystitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Dongfeng Liang, Jinshan Lu, Aitao Guo
We present a case report of a patient with Sjögren's syndrome accompanied with interstitial cystitis. A 64-year-old woman complained of dry mouth for 21 years, recurrent swelling and pain on the right parotid in 2000, and urinary irritation symptoms in the past 2 years. Several courses of different types of antibiotics could not relieve her urinary irritation symptoms. Bladder hydraulic dilatation had only transient effects. Urine sediment contained neither erythrocytes nor leukocytes, and urine cultures yielded no growth...
August 2014: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22129305/evidence-of-bladder-oversensitivity-in-the-absence-of-an-infection-in-premenopausal-women-with-a-history-of-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections
#10
Lily A Arya, Gina M Northington, Tirsit Asfaw, Heidi Harvie, Anna Malykhina
UNLABELLED: Study Type - Prevalence (case control) Level of Evidence 4. What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Urinary tract infections (UTIs) have been implicated in the aetiology of interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS). Prior studies have described symptoms and laboratory tests suggestive of UTI at the onset of IC/PBS as well as a significant history of childhood recurrent UTIs. However, the mechanism by which recurrent UTIs contribute to the development of IC/PBS is not clear...
July 2012: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21943084/self-management-activation-randomised-trial-for-prostatitis-smart-p-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mark Rochester, James Armitage, Mark Sanders, Paula Christmas
BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis otherwise known as chronic pelvic pain syndrome is a common urological diagnosis that causes many men significant morbidity and has a detrimental effect on their quality of life. Standard treatment with antibiotics and simple analgesia are often ineffective and many patients are managed by the chronic pain services.Cognitive behavioural therapy has been shown to be helpful in the management of many chronic diseases and has recently been proposed as an effective treatment for chronic prostatitis...
2011: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21850538/-urinary-tract-infections
#12
REVIEW
W H Hörl
Urinary tract infections occur very frequently in the community and in hospitalized patients and are mainly caused by Escherichia (E.) coli. Depending on virulence determinants of uropathogenic microorganisms and host-specific defense mechanisms, urinary tract infections can manifest as cystitis, pyelonephritis (bacterial interstitial nephritis), bacteremia or urosepsis. Uncomplicated urinary tract infections in otherwise healthy women should be treated for 3-7 days depending on the antibiotic therapy chosen, even if spontaneous remission rates of up to 40% have been reported...
September 2011: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21341555/the-use-of-the-hyperbaric-oxygenation-therapy-in-urology
#13
REVIEW
Giandomenico Passavanti
The basic principle of the hyperbaric oxygenation therapy (HOT) is to increase the dissolved oxygen in the blood when it is administered at high pressure. Then O2 will be distributed to the tissues through the pressure gradient, in this way obtaining an hyper-oxygenation of the tissue that has anti-inflammatory and pain-killing effects and induces augmentation of bacterial permeability to the antibiotics, neo-angiogenesis, enhancement of lymphocytes and macrophages function, augmentation of the testosterone secretion (in male), and healing of wound...
December 2010: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21215432/prevalence-and-correlates-of-sexual-dysfunction-among-women-with-bladder-pain-syndrome-interstitial-cystitis
#14
Laura M Bogart, Marika J Suttorp, Marc N Elliott, J Quentin Clemens, Sandra H Berry
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence and correlates of general and bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC)-specific sexual dysfunction among women in the RAND Interstitial Cystitis Epidemiology study using a probability sample survey of U.S. households. Sexual dysfunction can contribute to a reduced quality of life for women with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC). METHODS: We telephoned 146,231 households to identify women who reported bladder symptoms or a BPS/IC diagnosis...
March 2011: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20931548/-treatment-of-acute-iatrogenic-cystitis-secondary-to-bladder-chemo-immuno-instillation-or-pelvic-radiotherapy
#15
Monica L Sommariva, Sandro D Sandri, Chiara S Guerrer
The onset of cystitis during intravesical chemo-immunotherapy for the treatment of non-muscle invasive transitional cell bladder tumor, or after pelvic radiotherapy mainly for prostate cancer, is a frequent clinical situation, not easily manageable due to the lack of responsiveness to symptomatic drugs, often resulting in discontinuation of cancer treatment in many cases.?The similarity of symptoms with those of the painful bladder syndrome, otherwise called interstitial cystitis, has led us to use the same treatment with intravesical sodium hyaluronate in order to obtain an improvement of symptomatology...
July 2010: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20573386/prevalence-and-impact-of-bacteriuria-and-or-urinary-tract-infection-in-interstitial-cystitis-painful-bladder-syndrome
#16
J Curtis Nickel, Daniel A Shoskes, Karen Irvine-Bird
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and clinical significance of documented bacteriuria and/or urinary tract infection in an interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) population. METHODS: Urine cultures were obtained at the initial assessment (documentation of sterile urine mandatory at diagnosis) and during routine follow-up, at each active treatment visit, and during and after the presentation and treatment of symptom flares in consecutively assessed female patients with IC/PBS...
October 2010: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20565527/illicit-ketamine-induced-frequency-of-micturition-in-a-young-malay-woman
#17
Robson Noorzurani, Balasingam Vicknasingam, Suresh Narayanan
ISSUES: The growing use of illicit ketamine among young adults poses a public health concern in Malaysia. In contrast to medical use of ketamine, illicit use has been reported to produce adverse effects on the urinary tract and, in particular the bladder. APPROACH AND KEY FINDINGS: This case report describes a young Malay woman who developed severe bladder symptoms (urinary frequency) after consuming illicit ketamine. A history of illicit ketamine use was initially missed, and she was consequently diagnosed and treated for a urinary tract infection...
May 2010: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20303575/a-survey-of-primary-care-physician-practices-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-women-with-interstitial-cystitis-painful-bladder-syndrome
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
J Quentin Clemens, Elizabeth A Calhoun, Mark S Litwin, Elizabeth Walker-Corkery, Talar Markossian, John W Kusek, Mary McNaughton-Collins
OBJECTIVES: To describe the practice patterns among primary care physicians' (PCPs) managing patients with symptoms suggestive of interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS). METHODS: We developed a clinical vignette describing a woman with typical IC/PBS symptoms to elicit questions about etiology, management strategies, and familiarity with this syndrome. We mailed the questionnaire to 556 PCPs, including academicians and community physicians, in Boston, Los Angeles, and Chicago...
August 2010: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20064694/the-natural-history-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-women
#19
R M Maskell
Many women who suffer from the symptoms of urinary tract infection have a negative urine culture when conventional methods are used. Their condition is described as 'urethral' (or 'dysuria/frequency') syndrome' (US). As they may be indistinguishable clinically from those with positive cultures antibiotics are often prescribed. Their symptoms are usually recurrent and they may receive many courses of treatment. Some women are said to have 'interstitial cystitis' (IC); they have a long history of symptoms and antibacterial treatment...
May 2010: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19760079/decreased-nanobacteria-levels-and-symptoms-of-nanobacteria-associated-interstitial-cystitis-painful-bladder-syndrome-after-tetracycline-treatment
#20
Qing-hua Zhang, Xue-cheng Shen, Zhan-song Zhou, Zhi-wen Chen, Gen-sheng Lu, Bo Song
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: This study was designed to detect whether nanobacteria (NB) reside in urine and bladder tissue samples of patients with interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) and whether antibiotic therapy targeting these organisms is effective in reducing NB levels and IC/PBS symptoms. METHODS: Twenty-seven IC/PBS patients underwent cystoscopy. Bladder biopsies and urine samples were obtained and cultured for NB, which were identified by indirect immunofluorescent staining and transmission electron microscopy...
January 2010: International Urogynecology Journal
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